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1.
Am J Blood Res ; 11(5): 528-533, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824885

RESUMO

The prognosis of patients with relapsed Early Thymic Precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) remains poor. Unlike B cell Precursor-ALL (BCP-ALL), there are no approved targeted therapies for ETP-ALL. Recent studies have identified a consistent expression of CD38 on the blasts of patients with T-ALL (both ETP-ALL and non ETP-ALL). Pre-clinical studies indicate that CD38 expression persists on the blasts of T-ALL even after receipt of conventional chemotherapy. These findings make CD38 an attractive targetable surface protein for patients with relapsed refractory T-ALL. We were the first to describe the clinical use of daratumumab in a patient of ETP-ALL, with relapsed disease post allogeneic transplant. We describe here the long term outcome of this patient more than 3 years after starting single agent daratumumab.

2.
Am J Blood Res ; 11(5): 564-570, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824888

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lenalidomide is an active agent in acute myeloid leukemia (AML); response rates are about 15-30%. There are no well-defined predictive factors for benefit from lenalidomide in AML. One of the mechanisms of lenalidomide is natural killer (NK) cell activation; hence human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles (serving as killer immunoglobulin-like receptor ligands) could play a predictive role. We here evaluate the same when lenalidomide was used as a bridge to transplant. METHODS: Consecutive AML patients started on lenalidomide as bridge to transplant between Aug-2013 to Aug-2018 were included in this single centre retrospective analysis. The starting dose and schedule of lenalidomide were at the discretion of the treating clinician. Lenalidomide was scheduled to be stopped about 2-4 weeks prior to planned transplant admission (or was stopped earlier if there was intolerance). For this study, event was defined as progression/relapse while on lenalidomide or within 4 weeks of stopping the drug. The primary endpoint was event free survival (EFS). Those who underwent transplant without an event were censored on the day of transplant. Toxicities and post-transplant outcomes were secondary endpoints. RESULTS: Twelve patients (8 males, median age 29 years) were included. At start of lenalidomide, 7 had complete remission (CR)-1 (measurable residual disease or MRD by flow cytometry was positive in 3, negative in 3, and 1 unknown), 4 CR-2 (all MRD negative) and 1 active disease. In the whole cohort, median EFS was not reached with projected 3 year EFS being 80%. There was a significantly reduced risk of event with HLA A*24 (0% vs 75%, P=0.018) or with HLA B*40 (0% vs 60%, P=0.045). Only 1 patient needed discontinuation due to toxicities (cytopenias). Among patients who underwent transplant, grade II-IV acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) was seen in 83%. CONCLUSIONS: This is first study to show that HLA alleles may have a bearing on the effect of lenalidomide in AML and could serve as predictive biomarkers. These findings need to be confirmed in larger prospective studies.

5.
Cancer Med ; 10(9): 3068-3076, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel is dosed according to body surface area (BSA) but there is scant information on actual drug exposure in overweight and obese patients. METHODS: Early breast cancer patients receiving paclitaxel at 175 mg/m2 every 3 weeks, in two BMI groups (normal, 18-24.9 kg/m2 and overweight/obese, ≥25 kg/m2 , respectively), matched for age, serum albumin and bilirubin levels using minimization technique, were included. Sparse pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling was performed at 7 time points from 0 h until 24 h of starting paclitaxel in cycle 1. Paclitaxel concentration was measured using a validated LCMS/MS method. Covariate effect on paclitaxel PK was evaluated by population PK analysis using NONMEM software. RESULTS: Eighteen female patients each were enrolled in normal and overweight groups with mean BMI of 21.62 ± 2.06 and 28.16 ± 2.31 kg/m2 , mean BSA of 1.44 ± 0.11 and 1.69 ± 0.14 m2 and mean paclitaxel dose of 250 ± 18 and 293 ± 21 mg, respectively. Model predicted AUC and dose normalized AUC (mean ±SD) in the normal BMI versus overweight obese groups were 23 ± 11.0 µmol*h/L versus 25.7 ± 13.7 µmol*h/L (two-sample t-test p > 0.05) and 0.08 ± 0.04 (µmol*h/L)/ µmol versus 0.08 ± 0.04 (µmol*h/L)/ µmol (2-sample t-test p > 0.05), respectively. No significant correlation was observed between BMI and standardized dose normalized AUC (Pearson's correlation coefficient, -0.009; p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: When dosed according to BSA calculated using actual body weight there is no significant difference in paclitaxel exposure between normal and overweight women. Using alternative descriptors of weight to calculate BSA could lead to under-dosing of this drug. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered in the Clinical Trials Registry of India CTRI/2015/09/006193.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacocinética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Paclitaxel/farmacocinética , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Área Sob a Curva , Peso Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Sobrepeso/metabolismo , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
6.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 7: 361-367, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689483

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The prognosis of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) that is refractory to bortezomib and lenalidomide is very poor wherein the median survival is between 3 and 9 months. We did this retrospective analysis to study the pattern of utilization, tolerance, and outcomes with pomalidomide in these patients having RRMM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all the patients who were treated with generic pomalidomide at Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, during the period of May 2017 to March 2019 was done. Patients with secretory disease and who had completed at least one cycle of pomalidomide were analyzed for response rates, toxicity, and survival outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 81 patients received pomalidomide-based therapy during this study period, out of which 75 were included in the survival analysis. Forty-eight patients (59.3%) were refractory to both lenalidomide and bortezomib. Overall response rate was 58.7%. Five patients (6.7%) achieved complete response, very good partial response was seen in 13 patients (17.3%), and partial response was seen in 26 patients (34.7%). After a median follow-up of 11 months (range 2-27 months), median progression-free survival was 9.1 months (95% CI, 5.4 to 12.9 months). Median progression-free survival for patients who were refractory to both lenalidomide and bortezomib versus nonrefractory was 5.5 and 12.6 months, respectively, which was significant statistically (P = .04, hazard ratio, 0.35, 95% CI, 0.28 to 0.97). The median overall survival was not reached. Important toxicities included anemia (28%), neutropenia (16%), pneumonia (16%), and venous thrombosis (5%). CONCLUSION: Generic pomalidomide-based therapy is an effective option and is well tolerated in patients with RRMM. Higher response rates and longer survival seen in our study are possibly because of heterogeneity of the study population.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Atenção Terciária à Saúde , Talidomida/análogos & derivados
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Molecular mechanism of translocation and outcome in variant chronic myeloid leukaemia (vCML) has been a topic of debate. While several cytogenetic studies suggest a low response to Imatinib Mesylate, others demonstrate a similar disease course in both classical and vCML. Besides, many studies comprehensively also link tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations with aggressive clinical outcome. Thus, we aim to study the molecular mechanism of translocation, identify the third partner chromosomes and comment on the disease course and clinical outcome. METHOD: We cytogenetically characterised 25 vCML cases to determine the third partner chromosome, mechanism of translocation and prognostic outcome. We also compared vCML cases with and without TKD mutation to most appropriately outline the clinical consequence and ascertain the potent cause of unresponsiveness to treatment. RESULTS: Third partner chromosome in variant translocation was defined by conventional and molecular cytogenetics. Although in our study most cases showed inadequate clinical response attributable to TKD mutation rather than variant translocation, we observed an inferior outcome in cases involving chromosome 5 as the third partner. CONCLUSION: Thus, we conclude that characterising and reporting new cases of variant translocations, involving various different chromosomes as third partner (with different breakpoints) by cytogenetics, will lead to a better understanding of the disease. To the best of our knowledge, this kind of delineate study has not been applied to precisely comment on the prospects of cytogenetically characterised vCML.

8.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 43(5): 990-999, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432783

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Many new markers are being evaluated to increase the sensitivity and applicability of multicolor flow cytometry (MFC)-based measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring. However, most of the studies are limited to childhood B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (B-ALL), and reports in adult B-ALL are extremely scarce and limited to small cohorts. We studied the expression of CD304/neuropilin-1 in a large cohort of adult B-ALL patients and evaluated its practical utility in MFC-based MRD analysis. METHODS: CD304 was studied in blasts from adult B-ALL patients and normal precursor B cells (NPBC) from non-B-ALL bone marrow samples using MFC. CD304 expression intensity and pattern were studied with normalized-mean fluorescent intensity (nMFI) and coefficient of variation of immunofluorescence (CVIF), respectively. MFC-based MRD was performed at end of induction (EOI; day-35), end of consolidation (EOC; day 78-80), and subsequent follow-up (SFU) time points. RESULTS: CD304 was positive in 120/214(56.07%) and was significantly associated with BCR-ABL1 fusion (P = .001). EOI-MRD and EOC-MRD were positive in 129/214(60.3%) and 50/81(61.72%), respectively. CD304 was positive in a significant percentage of EOI (48%, 62/129) and EOC (52%, 26/50) MRD-positive B-ALL samples. Its expression was retained, lost, and gained in 73.7%, 26.3%, and 11.3% of EOI-MRD and 85.7%, 14.3%, and none of EOC-MRD samples, respectively. Low-level MRD (<0.01%) was detectable in 34 of all (EOI + EOC + SFU = 189) MRD-positive samples, and CD304 was found useful in 50% of these samples. CONCLUSION: CD304 is commonly expressed in adult B-ALL and clearly distinguish B-ALL blasts from normal precursor B cells. It is a stable MRD marker and distinctly useful in the detection of MFC-based MRD monitoring, especially in high-sensitivity MRD assay.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neuropilina-1/análise , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(7): 1558-1562, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514924

RESUMO

Transplant associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is life-threatening complication post allogeneic stem cell transplant (ASCT). Risk factors and prognosis of TA-TMA are not well defined. We retrospectively studied consecutive ASCT patients with AML, ALL, and CML from January 2008 to March 2019 to study the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of TMA. Definitive and probable TA-TMA was defined using Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT-CTN) and Cho criteria, respectively. Risk factors explored were age, gender, diagnosis, type of transplant, use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) pre transplant, conditioning regimen, and acute GVHD. Standard statistical methods were used. Total 241 patients, 179 (74.2 %) males, median age of 29 years were studied. Diagnoses were AML in 104, ALL in 85 (Ph+ve 23) and CML 52. Total 26 (10.7%) patients (22 males) developed TA-TMA at median of day+102. On multivariate analysis, pre-HSCT TKI (OR 2.7, p = 0.028), haplo-HSCT (OR 3.16, p = 0.018) and presence of acute GVHD (OR 4.17, p = 0.003) were significant risk factors. With a median follow up of 60 months, median OS with and without TA-TMA was 18 and 97 months respectively (p = 0.021). The association of pre-HSCT with TKI with TA-TMA merits further exploration in prospective studies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Adulto , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/epidemiologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia
10.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 6: 1684-1695, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156719

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Infections remain a major challenge in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Induction-related mortality reported in the literature is approximately < 5% in clinical trials. However, the real-world scenario is different, especially in developing countries, given the high incidence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms, high incidence of fungal pneumonia at baseline, and significant delay before initiation of chemotherapy. We aimed to look at contemporary infections and infection-related mortality and analyze the patterns of infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at a large tertiary care oncology center in India. Patients with newly diagnosed AML who were older than age 15 years, considered fit for intensive therapy, and treated in the general wards of the adult hematolymphoid unit from March 1, 2014, until December 31, 2015, were included. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-one patients were treated during the study period. The most common presenting complaint was fever (85%). The focus of infection at presentation was found in 63% of patients, with respiratory infection being the most common (47%). MDR organisms were isolated in 55% of patients during induction from various foci. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common blood culture isolate (42.9%). Fungal pneumonia was diagnosed in 55% of patients during induction despite antifungal prophylaxis. Treatment-related mortality was 10.7% in all phases, with an induction mortality rate of 7.4%. Complete remission was attained in 69% of patients. Of all patients who received induction chemotherapy, 74% completed all three consolidation cycles. The 121 patients were followed up for a median period of 53 months. Four-year event-free survival was 35.8%, and 4-year overall survival was 41.5%. CONCLUSION: Infections and infection-related mortality are major challenges during AML induction. Gram-negative MDR and fungal infections are particularly common in our region.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090916

RESUMO

Purpose: There is lack of consensus on management of adolescent and young adult (AYA) Hodgkin lymphoma with respect to chemotherapy approach (adult or pediatric). Hence we sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine and Dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy in AYA Hodgkin lymphoma. Patients and Methods: It is a retrospective, observational, single-center study. From January 2013 to December 2016, all consecutive patients with AYA (15-25 years, all stages) were analyzed. The primary endpoint of the study was event-free survival (EFS). Secondary endpoints were complete response rates (CR) and overall survival (OS). Results: A total of 220 patients (70% men) with median age 20 years were evaluated. A significant proportion of patients had adverse features such as stage III/IV disease (63%), bulky disease (63%), extranodal involvement (37%), and marrow involvement (22%). After two cycles and end of therapy, 77% patients achieved complete response. Primary progressive disease was seen in 6% patients. With a median follow-up of 2.6 years, 19 (8.6%) patients relapsed, 1 patient developed second malignancy, and 6 patients died. Three-year EFS and OS were 81.3% and 97%, respectively. Bleomycin-induced lung injury was seen in 16% patients. On multivariate analysis stage at presentation, bone marrow involvement, partial response at interim positron emission tomography and International prognosis score (IPS) >3 were predictors of poor EFS. Conclusion: ABVD is an effective and safe regimen in AYA Hodgkin lymphoma. Advanced disease with high IPS (>3) score needs an early escalation approach to escBEACOPP regimen.

12.
Cancer Med ; 9(23): 8747-8753, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on outcomes in cancer patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from lower middle-income countries (LMICs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an observational study, conducted between 12 April and 10 June 2020 at Tata Memorial centre, Mumbai, in cancer patients undergoing systemic therapy with laboratory confirmed COVID-19. The objectives were to evaluate cumulative 30-day all-cause mortality, COVID-19 attributable mortality, factors predicting mortality, and time to viral negativity after initial diagnosis. RESULTS: Of the 24 660 footfalls and 7043 patients evaluated, 230 patients on active systemic therapy with a median age of 42 (1-75) years were included. COVID-19 infection severity, as per WHO criteria, was mild, moderate, and severe in 195 (85%), 11 (5%), and 24 (11%) patients, respectively. Twenty-three patients (10%) expired during follow-up, with COVID-19 attributable mortality seen in 15 patients (6.5%). There were no mortalities in the pediatric cohort of 31 (14%) patients. Advanced stage cancer being treated with palliative intent vs others [30-day mortality 24%% vs 5%, odds ratio (OR) 5.6, 95% CI 2.28-13.78, P < .001], uncontrolled cancer status vs controlled cancer (30-day mortality37.5%% vs 4%%, OR 14, 95% CI 4.46-44.16, P < .001) and severe COVID-19 vs mild COVID-19 (30-day mortality 71% vs 3%, OR 92.29, 95% CI 26.43-322.21, P < .001) were significantly associated with mortality. The median time to SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR negativity was 17 days [interquartile range (IQR)17-28) in the cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The mortality rates in cancer patients with COVID-19 who are receiving systemic anti-cancer therapy in LMICSs are marginally higher than that reported in unselected COVID-19 cohorts with prolonged time to viral negativity in a substantial number of patients. The pediatric cancer patients tended to have favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
13.
Int J Hematol ; 112(6): 835-840, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876851

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization regimens in multiple myeloma typically use filgrastim (GCSF) alone or combination of GCSF with plerixafor or high-dose cyclophosphamide. Murine model and human studies have shown HSPC mobilization potential of bortezomib. A total of 37 patients underwent mobilization using bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 on day 1, 4, 8 and 11, cyclophosphamide 1 g/m2 on day 8 and 9, and GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 10 (B-Cy-GCSF). This regimen was compared with our earlier cohort of patients where cyclophosphamide was given at dose of 1 g/m2 on day 1 and day 2 followed by GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 4 (Cy-GCSF). In B-Cy-GCSF group, median CD34 cells collected were 9.21 × 106/kg (range 4.95-17.1) while in the Cy-GCSF cohort, the median CD34 cell yield was 8.2 × 106/kg (0.4-24.2). Target CD34 cells yield of 5 × 106/kg was achieved with single apheresis in 58.6% of patients after B-Cy-GCSF mobilization as compared to 44.3% in Cy-GCSF group (p = 0.07). Three patients failed mobilization after Cy-GCSF, while no patients failed mobilization in bortezomib group. Addition of bortezomib to Cy-GCSF mobilization showed a trend towards increased CD34 collection and reduced need for apheresis sessions.


Assuntos
Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Remoção de Componentes Sanguíneos , Feminino , Filgrastim/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 61(13): 3154-3160, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757686

RESUMO

Panel based next generation sequencing was performed on a discovery cohort of AML with RUNX1-RUNX1T1. Supervised machine learning identified NRAS mutation and absence of mutations in ASXL2, RAD21, KIT and FLT3 genes as well as a low mutation to be associated with favorable outcome. Based on this data patients were classified into favorable and poor genetic risk classes. Patients classified as poor genetic risk had a significantly lower overall survival (OS) and relapse free survival (RFS). We could validate these findings independently on a validation cohort (n = 61). Patients in the poor genetic risk group were more likely to harbor measurable residual disease. Poor genetic risk emerged as an independent risk factor predictive of inferior outcome. Using an unbiased computational approach based we provide evidence for gene panel-based testing in AML with RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and a framework for integration of genomic markers toward clinical decision making in this heterogeneous disease entity.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Genômica , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Aprendizado de Máquina , Mutação , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética
15.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720912925, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495641

RESUMO

A universally accepted strategy for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in the prevention of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) does not exist. We explored the feasibility of developing a limited sampling strategy (LSS) for TDM of MMF in this setting. Patients undergoing alloHSCT received standard MMF-cyclosporine prophylaxis, with MMF administered twice daily (BD) for matched transplant recipients or thrice daily (TID) in haploidentical transplantation. Intensive blood sampling was carried out on day 7 and area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active metabolite, was estimated using noncompartmental analysis. The ability of MPA exposure defined by AUC0-12 to discriminate between responders (patients who did not develop GVHD) and nonresponders (patients who developed GVHD) was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Patients were divided into training and validation sets within BD and TID groups. Mathematical equations were developed from the training set to predict AUC0-12 from an abbreviated AUC involving a limited number of sampling points. The equations were validated in the validation set by comparing the MPA AUC0-12 predicted from LSS with the observed AUC0-12. It was observed that patients with AUC0-12 ≤18.99 mg*h/L had a higher risk of developing aGVHD [odds ratio (OR) = 2.63 (1.17 to 5.87), P = 0.06]. The benefit was more in matched transplant recipients [OR = 3.5 (1.30 to 9.49), P = 0.05] as compared to haploindentical transplant [OR = 2.8 (0.49 to 15.91), P = NS]. Using the mathematical equations, the observed AUC0-12 was predicted with 92.31% accuracy in the BD subset and 100% accuracy in the TID subset for a combined accuracy of 94.76%. A set of just three samples that constituted the abbreviated AUC1-4 was used to develop the predictive models. The LSS could be employed for the therapeutic monitoring of MMF particularly in patients undergoing matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/farmacologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Ácido Micofenólico/farmacologia , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem
17.
Med Oncol ; 37(5): 48, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277283

RESUMO

Therapy-related acute leukemias (t-ALs) represent approximately 10-20% of all acute leukemias, are frequently resistant to chemotherapy, and are associated with guarded outcomes. The national comprehensive cancer network data suggest that t-AL cases are diagnosed at increasing rates in breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapeutic agents targeting topoisomerase II. Two cases of BRCA1-mutated ovarian and breast carcinoma who developed therapy-related APL and ALL, respectively, following topoisomerase II-directed therapy were characterized. Genomic characterization of therapy-related acute promyelocytic leukemia (t-APL) revealed a unique RARA intron 2 breakpoint (Chr17: 40347487) at 3'-end of RARA corroborating breakpoint clustering in t-APL following topoisomerase II inhibition. Both cases of this series harbored germline BRCA1 mutations. The germline BRCA1 mutation in patient with t-APL was detected in exon 8 (HGVS nucleotide: c.512dupT). This mutation in t-APL is extremely rare. Interestingly, t-ALL patient in this series had a BRCA1 mutation (HGVS nucleotide: c.68_69delAG; BIC designation: 187delAG) identical to a previously reported case after the treatment of same primary disease. It is unlikely that two breast cancer patients with identical BRCA1 mutation receiving topoisomerase II-targeted agents for the primary disease developed t-AL by chance. This report highlights the development of t-AL in BRAC1-mutated hereditary breast and ovarian cancer patients and warrants further studies on functional consequences of topoisomerase inhibition in this setting.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/genética , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/patologia , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/uso terapêutico , Translocação Genética , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Mol Cancer Res ; 18(4): 657-668, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996468

RESUMO

Immune dysfunction is critical in pathogenesis of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Few studies have reported abnormal cytokine profile and dysregulated T-cell functions during the onset and progression of certain types of lymphoma. However, the presence of IL9-producing Th9 cells and their role in tumor cell metabolism and survival remain unexplored. With this clinical study, we performed multidimensional blood endotyping of CTCL patients before and after standard photo/chemotherapy and revealed distinct immune hallmarks of the disease. Importantly, there was a higher frequency of "skin homing" Th9 cells in CTCL patients with early (T1 and T2) and advanced-stage disease (T3 and T4). However, advanced-stage CTCL patients had severely impaired frequency of skin-homing Th1 and Th17 cells, indicating attenuated immunity. Treatment of CTCL patients with standard photo/chemotherapy decreased the skin-homing Th9 cells and increased the Th1 and Th17 cells. Interestingly, T cells of CTCL patients express IL9 receptor (IL9R), and there was negligible IL9R expression on T cells of healthy donors. Mechanistically, IL9/IL9R interaction on CD3+ T cells of CTCL patients and Jurkat cells reduced oxidative stress, lactic acidosis, and apoptosis and ultimately increased their survival. In conclusion, coexpression of IL9 and IL9R on T cells in CTCL patients indicates the autocrine-positive feedback loop of Th9 axis in promoting the survival of malignant T cells by reducing the oxidative stress. IMPLICATIONS: The critical role of Th9 axis in CTCL pathogenesis indicates that strategies targeting Th9 cells might harbor significant potential in developing robust CTCL therapy.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Interleucina-9/metabolismo , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo
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