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Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(2): e36-e38, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530167


Penile calciphylaxis or calcific uremic arteriolopathy is a rare urological condition often associated with patients undergoing renal dialysis for end-stage renal disease. The majority of cases are associated with systemic calciphylaxis. The pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of penile calciphylaxis as an individual entity has brought little attention. The rates of comorbidity and mortality of these patients are often particularly high. Early diagnosis and a multidisciplinary approach are therefore essential. We report a case of penile calciphylaxis in a 59-year-old man with end-stage renal failure on haemodialysis who was successfully managed conservatively.

Angioplastia/métodos , Calciofilaxia/terapia , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Doenças do Pênis/terapia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Bandagens , Calciofilaxia/diagnóstico , Calciofilaxia/etiologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pênis/etiologia , Pênis/irrigação sanguínea , Pênis/patologia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
Br J Cancer ; 111(7): 1381-90, 2014 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25137021


BACKGROUND: Wider clinical applications of 9p status in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) are limited owing to the lack of validation and consensus for interphase fluorescent in situ hybridisation (I-FISH) scoring technique. The aim of this study was to analytically validate the applicability of I-FISH in assessing 9p deletion in ccRCC and to clinically assess its long-term prognostic impact following surgical excision of ccRCC. METHODS: Tissue microarrays were constructed from 108 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumour paraffin blocks. Interphase fluorescent in situ hybridisation analysis was undertaken based on preset criteria by two independent observers to assess interobserver variability. 9p status in ccRCC tumours was determined and correlated to clinicopathological variables, recurrence-free survival and disease-specific survival. RESULTS: There were 80 ccRCCs with valid 9p scoring and a median follow-up of 95 months. Kappa statistic for interobserver variability was 0.71 (good agreement). 9p deletion was detected in 44% of ccRCCs. 9p loss was associated with higher stage, larger tumours, necrosis, microvascular and renal vein invasion, and higher SSIGN (stage, size, grade and necrosis) score. Patients with 9p-deleted ccRCC were at a higher risk of recurrence (P=0.008) and RCC-specific mortality (P=0.001). On multivariate analysis, 9p deletion was an independent predictor of recurrence (hazard ratio 4.323; P=0.021) and RCC-specific mortality (hazard ratio 4.603; P=0.007). The predictive accuracy of SSIGN score improved from 87.7% to 93.1% by integrating 9p status to the model (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Loss of 9p is associated with aggressive ccRCC and worse prognosis in patients following surgery. Our findings independently confirm the findings of previous reports relying on I-FISH to detect 9p (CDKN2A) deletion.

Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9/genética , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 10(1): 39-41, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23465371


BACKGROUND: Photodynamic Diagnosis has been proven to improve detection of superficial bladder cancer and improve visualisation of resection margins. The use of 5-aminolevulinic acid as the photosensitising agent has been associated with side effects, specifically hypotension. We aimed to evaluate the effect of oral 5-ALA on the blood pressure in a group of patient who underwent Photodynamic Diagnostic Ureterorenoscopy. METHODS: We carried out an observational study on all patients who underwent PDD-Ureterorenoscopy with oral 5-ALA between July 2009 and September 2011. Pre-administration, hourly post-administration and hourly post-operative blood pressures were noted. Mean arterial blood pressure and the threshold for cerebral ischaemia were calculated as well. RESULTS: The study includes thirty-eight procedures which involved twenty-four patients with a mean age of 74 (SD±16.95). Hypotension was defined as <80% of the systolic or diastolic baseline blood pressure. Twenty patients were hypotensive pre-operatively after the ingestion of 5-ALA while 21 patients were hypotensive post-operatively. Three patients crossed their MAP threshold pre-operatively and were symptomatic. Fast infusion of intravenous fluids improved their symptoms. CONCLUSION: Hypotension is a common occurrence after the ingestion of 5-ALA. Patients undergoing PDD Ureterorenoscopy should have their blood pressure monitored closely after the ingestion of 5-ALA.

Ácido Aminolevulínico/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão/induzido quimicamente , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Administração Oral , Idoso , Ácido Aminolevulínico/administração & dosagem , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/fisiopatologia , Monitorização Fisiológica , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureteroscopia/métodos