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1.
Nat Genet ; 52(6): 572-581, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424353

RESUMO

Breast cancer susceptibility variants frequently show heterogeneity in associations by tumor subtype1-3. To identify novel loci, we performed a genome-wide association study including 133,384 breast cancer cases and 113,789 controls, plus 18,908 BRCA1 mutation carriers (9,414 with breast cancer) of European ancestry, using both standard and novel methodologies that account for underlying tumor heterogeneity by estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status and tumor grade. We identified 32 novel susceptibility loci (P < 5.0 × 10-8), 15 of which showed evidence for associations with at least one tumor feature (false discovery rate < 0.05). Five loci showed associations (P < 0.05) in opposite directions between luminal and non-luminal subtypes. In silico analyses showed that these five loci contained cell-specific enhancers that differed between normal luminal and basal mammary cells. The genetic correlations between five intrinsic-like subtypes ranged from 0.35 to 0.80. The proportion of genome-wide chip heritability explained by all known susceptibility loci was 54.2% for luminal A-like disease and 37.6% for triple-negative disease. The odds ratios of polygenic risk scores, which included 330 variants, for the highest 1% of quantiles compared with middle quantiles were 5.63 and 3.02 for luminal A-like and triple-negative disease, respectively. These findings provide an improved understanding of genetic predisposition to breast cancer subtypes and will inform the development of subtype-specific polygenic risk scores.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Mutação , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
2.
Cancer Res ; 80(3): 624-638, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723001

RESUMO

Pathogenic sequence variants (PSV) in BRCA1 or BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) are associated with increased risk and severity of prostate cancer. We evaluated whether PSVs in BRCA1/2 were associated with risk of overall prostate cancer or high grade (Gleason 8+) prostate cancer using an international sample of 65 BRCA1 and 171 BRCA2 male PSV carriers with prostate cancer, and 3,388 BRCA1 and 2,880 BRCA2 male PSV carriers without prostate cancer. PSVs in the 3' region of BRCA2 (c.7914+) were significantly associated with elevated risk of prostate cancer compared with reference bin c.1001-c.7913 [HR = 1.78; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.25-2.52; P = 0.001], as well as elevated risk of Gleason 8+ prostate cancer (HR = 3.11; 95% CI, 1.63-5.95; P = 0.001). c.756-c.1000 was also associated with elevated prostate cancer risk (HR = 2.83; 95% CI, 1.71-4.68; P = 0.00004) and elevated risk of Gleason 8+ prostate cancer (HR = 4.95; 95% CI, 2.12-11.54; P = 0.0002). No genotype-phenotype associations were detected for PSVs in BRCA1. These results demonstrate that specific BRCA2 PSVs may be associated with elevated risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer. SIGNIFICANCE: Aggressive prostate cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers may vary according to the specific BRCA2 mutation inherited by the at-risk individual.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genômica/métodos , Mutação , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Associação Genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
3.
Oncol Lett ; 16(3): 3408, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147754

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2017.7711.].

4.
Oncol Lett ; 15(3): 3329-3332, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29435075

RESUMO

The present case report discusses a woman affected by chronic lymphatic leukemia and breast cancer with a familial history of breast cancer; suspected to be hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome. The patient underwent BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic testing. Sequencing of BRCA1 revealed the presence of the variant of unknown significance (VUS) c.3082C>T (p.Arg1028Cys) at homozygous state, whereas no mutations were detected in BRCA2. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification confirmed the presence of two alleles. Although consanguineity between her parents was reported, which therefore supported the molecular data, her clinical phenotype was not suggestive of typical Fanconi anemia (FA), particularly of a BRCA1-linked FA. In the two cases reported in the literature, carriers of biallelic BRCA1 mutation present a severe and quite typical phenotype. For this reason, the patient was offered a diepoxybutane test, where neither complex rearrangements nor multiradial formation were detected. We were therefore inclined to consider that BRCA1 VUS as of little clinical significance.

5.
J Hum Genet ; 62(2): 309-315, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27829682

RESUMO

To determine prevalence, spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlations of MUTYH variants in Italian patients with suspected MAP (MUTYH-associated polyposis), a retrospective analysis was conducted to identify patients who had undergone MUTYH genetic testing from September 2002 to February 2014. Results of genetic testing and patient clinical characteristics were collected (gender, number of polyps, age at polyp diagnosis, presence of colorectal cancer (CRC) and/or other cancers, family data). The presence of large rearrangements of the MUTYH gene was evaluated by Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification analysis. In all, 299 patients with colorectal neoplasia were evaluated: 61.2% were males, the median age at polyps or cancer diagnosis was 50 years (16-80 years), 65.2% had <100 polyps and 51.8% had CRC. A total of 36 different MUTYH variants were identified: 13 (36.1%) were classified as pathogenetic, whereas 23 (63.9%) were variants of unknown significance (VUS). Two pathogenetic variants were observed in 78 patients (26.1%). A large homozygous deletion of exon 15 was found in one patient (<1.0%). MAP patients were younger than those with negative MUTYH testing at polyps diagnosis (P<0.0001) and at first cancer diagnosis (P=0.007). MAP patients carrying the p.Glu480del variant presented with a younger age at polyp diagnosis as compared to patients carrying p.Gly396Asp and p.Tyr179Cys variants. A high heterogeneity of MUTYH variants and a high rate of VUS were identified in a cohort of Italian patients with suspected MAP. Genotype-phenotype analysis suggests that the p.Glu480del variant is associated with a severe phenotype.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/genética , DNA Glicosilases/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Mutação , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Australas J Dermatol ; 57(1): e11-3, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25557416

RESUMO

Mal de Meleda is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis caused by mutations in the ARS B (SLURP1) gene, with possible founder effects in the Mediterranean and Adriatic regions. We report an affected individual from Indonesia without known consanguinity in the family, suggesting that SLURP1 gene mutations are ubiquitous. Recognition of the phenotype can be confirmed by genetic testing, thus facilitating genetic counselling.


Assuntos
Antígenos Ly/genética , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/genética , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Mutação , Linhagem
7.
Am J Med Genet A ; 167A(4): 802-4, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25655561

RESUMO

We report on a child with two cardiac rhabdomyomas. Initially, a diagnosis of Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) syndrome was suspected, although this could neither be confirmed clinically nor genetically. Coincidentally, Birt Hogg Dubé syndrome (BHD) had been previously diagnosed in members of the extended family; this prompted a diagnostic re-evaluation of the child who was found to have the known family FLCN mutation. We recommend consideration of cardiac rhabdomyomas as part of the clinical BHD spectrum.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Birt-Hogg-Dubé/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Rabdomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
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