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1.
Leukemia ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477798

RESUMO

There is paucity of evidence-based data on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). We performed a multicenter propensity-matched case-control study to compare HRQOL of newly diagnosed CML patients treated with front-line dasatinib (cases) or imatinib (controls). Patient-reported HRQOL was assessed with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the EORTC QLQ-CML24 questionnaires. The impact on daily life scale of the EORTC QLQ-CML24 was selected a priori in the protocol as the primary HRQOL scale for the comparative analysis. Overall, 323 CML patients were enrolled of whom 223 in therapy with imatinib and 100 in therapy with dasatinib. Patients treated with dasatinib reported better disease-specific HRQOL outcomes in impact on daily life (Δ = 8.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.17-14.27, p = 0.002), satisfaction with social life (Δ = 13.45, 95% CI: 5.82-21.08, p = 0.001), and symptom burden (Δ = 7.69, 95% CI: 3.42-11.96, p = 0.001). Analysis by age groups showed that, in patients aged 60 years and over, differences favoring dasatinib were negligible across several cancer generic and disease-specific HRQOL domains. Our findings provide novel comparative HRQOL data that extends knowledge on safety and efficacy of these two TKIs and may help to facilitate first-line treatment decisions.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534197

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is, at present, the only potentially curative therapy for myelofibrosis (MF). Despite many improvements, outcomes of HSCT are still burdened by substantial morbidity and high transplant-related mortality. Allogeneic transplant is generally considered in intermediate-2 and high-risk patients aged <70 years, but the optimal selection of patients and timing of the procedure remains under debate, as does as the role of JAK inhibitors in candidates for HSCT. Starting from a real-life clinical case scenario, herein we examine some of the crucial issues of HSCT for MF in light of recent refinements on MF risk stratification, data on the use of ruxolitinib before and after transplant and findings on the impact of different conditioning regimens and donor selection.

4.
Hematol Oncol ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523839

RESUMO

The association of systemic mastocytosis with another hematologic neoplasia of myeloid or lymphoid origin is recognized as an advanced subvariant of mastocytosis. Here, we report the association of indolent or smoldering systemic mastocytosis with three cases of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis, a recently recognized disease characterized by SF3B1 mutations. The hierarchical pattern of KIT, SF3B1, JAK2, and additional mutations was studied in whole and fractionated subpopulations of peripheral blood cells and whole bone marrow. In two cases, we could demonstrate a multilineage D816V KIT mutation, involving all myeloid lineages in one patient and also the lymphoid series in the other. Two patients displaying both SF3B1 and V617F JAK2 mutations had a very poor prognosis. Another patient bearing SF3B1, but not V617F JAK2 mutation, had a favorable response to erythropoietin treatment and long survival.

5.
Br J Haematol ; 187(3): 286-295, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468506

RESUMO

Ruxolitinib has proved to be effective for the treatment of patients with myelofibrosis (either primary or secondary) and polycythaemia vera, and its approval led to a significant change in the current treatment algorithm. Despite its efficacy and beyond its well described haematological toxicity, a peculiar immunosuppressive effect emerged as our clinical experience grew, both within and outside of a clinical trial setting. Definite and negative interactions with multiple pathways of the immune system of patients have been reported so far, involving both adaptive and innate immune responses. These pathophysiological mechanisms may contribute to the increased risk of reactivation of silent infections (e.g., tuberculosis, hepatitis B virus and varicella zoster virus) that have been associated with the drug. Even though such infectious events may be fatal or may lead to significant impairment of organ function, compromising the eligibility of patients for an allotransplant procedure, there are no dedicated guidelines that may help us in assessing and managing the risk of developing serious infections. On this basis, our aim for the present work was to review the current knowledge on the pathophysiological mechanisms through which ruxolitinib may exert its immunosuppressive effect, and to illustrate our personal approach to the management of three peculiar clinical scenarios, for which a risk-based algorithm is suggested.

7.
Ann Hematol ; 98(10): 2329-2338, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392461

RESUMO

Very elderly (> 75 years) chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients at diagnosis are sometimes treated with different doses of imatinib (IM) based on concomitant diseases and physicians' judgement. However, data on long-term follow-up of these patients are still lacking. To investigate treatment response and outcome, we retrospectively revised an Italian database of 263 very elderly CML patients receiving IM from the time of diagnosis. Median age at diagnosis was 78.5 years and 56% of patients had 2 or 3 comorbidities. A complete haematological and cytogenetic response were achieved in 244 (92.8%) and 184 (69.9%) patients, respectively. In 148 cases (56.2%), a major molecular response was observed, which was deep in 63 cases (24%). A blastic phase occurred in 11 patients (4.2%). After a median follow-up of 45.0 months, 93 patients have died (9 from disease progression) and 104 (39.5%) are still in treatment with IM. Incidence of grades 3-4 haematological and non-haematological toxicity was similar to those reported in younger patients. Five-year event-free survival was 54.5% and 45.2% in patients ≤ 80 years and > 80 years, respectively (p = 0.098). Five years OS was 75.7% and 61.6% in patients ≤80 years and > 80 years, respectively (p = 0.003). These findings show that IM plays an important role in frontline treatment of very elderly CML patients without increased toxicity and any effort to treat these patients with standard doses should be made in order to achieve responses as in younger subjects.


Assuntos
Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Ann Hematol ; 98(8): 1933-1936, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201513

RESUMO

Ruxolitinib is the only commercially available JAK1/2 inhibitor approved for the treatment of myelofibrosis-related splenomegaly and symptoms. During treatment, as rare conditions, leukocytosis and/or thrombocytosis could develop and the management of these situations is not well established. We report here 53 myelofibrosis patients that received a combination of hydroxyurea and ruxolitinib because of uncontrolled myeloproliferation. Both drugs were administered outside clinical trials. At 48 weeks, a significant reduction in leucocyte and platelet counts was observed (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively). Additionally, the spleen volume decreased from a median value of 10 cm below the left costal margin (range, 0-10) to 6 cm (range, 0-15). The rate of spleen response increased from 14% at the start of the combination to 45% after 48 weeks. The safety profile of the combination was consistent with that observed with ruxolitinib single agent. These data require further confirmation in large cohorts of patients prospectively assessed.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidroxiureia/uso terapêutico , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mielofibrose Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Esplenomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Plaquetas/patologia , Contagem de Células , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Mielofibrose Primária/complicações , Mielofibrose Primária/mortalidade , Mielofibrose Primária/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esplenomegalia/complicações , Esplenomegalia/mortalidade , Esplenomegalia/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Ann Hematol ; 98(10): 2339-2346, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250082

RESUMO

Calreticulin (CALR) mutations are detected in the majority of JAK2 wild type patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET). Unlike JAK2V617F and MPL point mutations, CALR mutations are highly heterogeneous, with several types of indels being reported so far. CAL2 is a monoclonal antibody specifically recognizing the C-neoterminal peptide derived from all the frameshift mutations of CALR. We retrospectively analysed 172 ET patients diagnosed at our Institution from 1980 to 2015. In JAK2V617F- and MPLW515K/L-wild type patients CALR mutations were searched on peripheral blood and CAL2 immunostaining was performed on bone marrow. In addition, bone marrow biopsies were histologically reviewed for megakaryocytic features. Thirty-one patients (18%) were CALR-mutated. Concordance between molecular and immunohistological detection of CALR mutations was near complete, albeit a single patient was found to be positive by molecular tests only. Two patterns were defined in CAL2-positive bone marrow samples, characterized by staining of almost only megakaryocytes (pattern A: 41%) or staining of megakaryocytes and ≥ 2% small non megakaryocytic elements (pattern B: 59%), at least partially being myeloid precursors. Pattern B biopsies had higher cellularity and number of megakaryocytes compared to pattern A samples. In this series, CAL2 allowed rapid and cost-efficient identification of CALR-mutated ET patients. The biological significance of different staining pattern should be confirmed in wider and independent series.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Medula Óssea , Calreticulina , Mutação , Trombocitemia Essencial , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Calreticulina/genética , Calreticulina/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Masculino , Megacariócitos/metabolismo , Megacariócitos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombocitemia Essencial/diagnóstico , Trombocitemia Essencial/genética , Trombocitemia Essencial/metabolismo , Trombocitemia Essencial/patologia
11.
Leukemia ; 33(8): 1996-2005, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142846

RESUMO

We conducted a large international nested case-control study including 1881 patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Cases (n = 647) were patients with second cancer (SC: carcinoma, non-melanoma skin cancer, hematological second cancer, and melanoma) and controls (n = 1234) were patients without SC, matched with cases for sex, age at MPN diagnosis, date of MPN diagnosis, and MPN disease duration. The aim was to evaluate the risk of SC after exposure to cytoreductive drugs. Patients exposed to hydroxyurea (HU) (median: 3 years) had a risk of SC similar to unexposed patients (OR = 1.06, 95% CI 0.82-1.38). In contrast, in cancer-specific stratified multivariable analysis, HU had two-fold higher risk of non-melanoma (NM) skin cancer (OR = 2.28, 95% CI 1.15-4.51). A significantly higher risk of NM-skin cancer was also documented for pipobroman (OR = 3.74, 95% CI 1.00-14.01), ruxolitinib (OR = 3.87, 95% CI 1.18-12.75), and for drug combination (OR = 3.47, 95% CI 1.55-7.75). These three drugs did not show excess risk of carcinoma and hematological second cancer compared with unexposed patients. Exposure to interferon, busulfan, and anagrelide did not increase the risk. In summary, while it is reassuring that no excess of carcinoma was documented, a careful dermatologic active surveillance before and during the course of treatments is recommended.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/induzido quimicamente , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Policitemia Vera/tratamento farmacológico , Mielofibrose Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Trombocitemia Essencial/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Hidroxiureia/efeitos adversos , Pipobromano/efeitos adversos , Policitemia Vera/genética , Pirazóis/efeitos adversos , Trombocitemia Essencial/genética
12.
Ann Hematol ; 98(8): 1885-1890, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044260

RESUMO

There is little information about cardiovascular adverse event (CV-AE) incidence in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with bosutinib in the real-life practice. We identified 54 consecutive CML patients treated with bosutinib, stratified according to the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) assessment, based on sex, age, smoking habits, systolic blood pressure, and total cholesterol levels. The 40-month cumulative incidence of CV-AEs was 25.2 ± 8.1%. Patients with the SCORE of high-very high showed a significantly higher incidence of CV-AEs (55 ± 12.9% vs 9 ± 9.5%; p = 0.002). Overall, 9 CV-AEs were reported, with 2 deaths attributed to CV-AE. In conclusion, the SCORE assessment before starting treatment is helpful in identifying CV-AE high-risk patients during bosutinib treatment.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Nitrilos/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Pectoris/induzido quimicamente , Angina Pectoris/diagnóstico , Angina Pectoris/fisiopatologia , Compostos de Anilina/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Isquemia Encefálica/induzido quimicamente , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Dasatinibe/administração & dosagem , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/enzimologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Nitrilos/administração & dosagem , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/diagnóstico , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/fisiopatologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(4): 418-423, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985017

RESUMO

The 2016 WHO criteria identified early primary myelofibrosis (PMF) as an individual entity with milder clinical features and better outcome compared with overt PMF. Here, we compared early and overt PMF patients treated with ruxolitinib in terms of baseline clinical/laboratory characteristics, response, and toxicity to treatment. We observed that early-PMF patients achieve better and more stable spleen and symptoms responses, with significantly lower rates of hematological toxicities. No differences in overall and leukemia-free survival were detected between the two cohorts. The application of 2016 WHO criteria is crucial to identify those PMF patients who deserve a stricter monitoring during treatment.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 288: 124-127, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk of death is particularly high in patients with a previous history of arterial occlusive events (AOEs) and the probability for a recurrent event is around 20%. Little is known about recurrent AOE and the role of secondary prevention in patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) with previous AOE, treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (2ndG/3rdG TKIs), nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib and ponatinib. METHODS: We identified a real-life cohort of 57 consecutive adult CML patients treated with 2ndG/3rdG TKI. All patients had a previous history of AOE. Ongoing use of secondary prevention of AOE (including antiplatelet agents, anticoagulant therapy, and statins) before starting a 2ndG/3rdG TKI was recorded, as well as CV risk factors. RESULTS: The 60-month cumulative incidence rate of recurrent AOEs was 47.8 ±â€¯10.9%. Despite a history of AOE, 10 patients (16%) were not receiving secondary preventative measures. Patients treated with nilotinib and ponatinib showed a higher incidence of recurrent AOEs (76.7 ±â€¯14.3% and 64 ±â€¯20.1%, respectively) than those treated with dasatinib and bosutinib (44 ±â€¯24.2% and 30.5 ±â€¯15.5%, respectively) (p = 0.01). Only treatment with a 2ndG/3rdG TKI given as second or subsequent line therapy showed a significant association with an increased incidence of recurrent AOE (p = 0.039). Overall, 17 recurrent AOEs were observed; 3 CV-related deaths were reported. CONCLUSION: CML patients with a previous history of AOE treated with 2ndG/3rdG TKI represent a particular patient population with a higher probability of experiencing a recurrent AOE; individualized treatment is needed to optimize secondary prevention.

15.
Cancer Med ; 8(5): 2041-2055, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950237

RESUMO

Treatment-free remission (TFR) by tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) discontinuation in patients with deep molecular response (DMR) is a paramount goal in the current chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) therapeutic strategy. The best DMR level by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) for TKI discontinuation is still a matter of debate. To compare the accuracy of digital PCR (dPCR) and RT-qPCR for BCR-ABL1 transcript levels detection, 142 CML patients were monitored for a median time of 24 months. Digital PCR detected BCR-ABL1 transcripts in the RT-qPCR undetectable cases. The dPCR analysis of the samples, grouped by the MR classes, revealed a significant difference between MR4.0 and MR4.5 (P = 0.0104) or MR5.0 (P = 0.0032). The clinical and hematological characteristics of the patients grouped according to DMR classes (MR4.0 vs MR4.5-5.0 ) were superimposable. Conversely, patients with dPCR values <0.468 BCR-ABL1 copies/µL (as we previously described) showed a longer DMR duration (P = 0.0220) and mainly belonged to MR4.5-5.0 (P = 0.0442) classes compared to patients with higher dPCR values. Among the 142 patients, 111 (78%) discontinued the TKI treatment; among the 111 patients, 24 (22%) lost the MR3.0 or MR4.0 . RT-qPCR was not able to discriminate patients with higher risk of MR loss after discontinuation (P = 0.8100). On the contrary, according to dPCR, 12/25 (48%) patients with BCR-ABL1 values ≥0.468 and 12/86 (14%) patients with BCR-ABL1 values <0.468 lost DMR in this cohort, respectively (P = 0.0003). Treatment-free remission of patients who discontinued TKI with a dPCR <0.468 was significantly higher compared to patients with dPCR ≥ 0.468 (TFR at 2 years 83% vs 52% P = 0.0017, respectively). In conclusion, dPCR resulted in an improved recognition of stable DMR and of candidates to TKI discontinuation.

16.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(3): 296-302, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892724

RESUMO

Arterial occlusive events (AOEs) represent emerging complications in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with ponatinib. We identified 85 consecutive CML adult patients who were treated with ponatinib in 17 Italian centers. Patients were stratified according to the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) assessment, based on sex, age, smoking habits, systolic blood pressure, and total cholesterol levels. The 60-month cumulative incidence rate of AOEs excluding hypertension was 25.7%. Hypertension was reported in 14.1% of patients. The median time of exposure to ponatinib was 28 months (range, 3-69 months). Patients with a high to very high SCORE risk showed a significantly higher incidence rate of AOEs (74.3% vs 15.2%, P < 0.001). Patients aged ≥60 years showed a significantly higher incidence rate of AOEs (51.5% vs 16.9%, P = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, no association was found between AOEs and positive history of CV disease, age, dose of ponatinib, previous exposure to nilotinib, and comorbidities. Only the SCORE risk was confirmed as a significant predictive factor (P = 0.01; HR = 10.9; 95% C.I. = 1.7-67.8). Patients aged ≥60 years who were treated with aspirin had a lower incidence rate of AOEs (33.3% vs 61.8%). Among the 14 reported AOEs, 78.6% of them showed grade 3 to 4 toxicity. This real-life study confirmed the increased incidence of AOEs in CML patients treated with ponatinib, with high to very high SCORE risk. We suggest that patients aged ≥60 years who were treated with ponatinib should undergo prophylaxis with 100 mg/day of aspirin. Our findings emphasize personalized prevention strategies based on CV risk factors.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/induzido quimicamente , Imidazóis/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Piridazinas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Cardiologia/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/complicações , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/complicações , Masculino , Oncologia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cancer Res ; 79(3): 639-649, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563887

RESUMO

Notch3 and Notch4 support survival of primary B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cells, suggesting a role for Notch signaling in drug response. Here we used in vitro, in silico, and in vivo mouse xenograft model-based approaches to define the role of the Notch pathway in B-ALL chemosensitivity. We observed significant Notch receptor and ligand expression in B-ALL primary cells and cell lines. Primary leukemia cells from high-risk patients overexpressed Notch3, Notch4, and Jagged2 while displaying a reduction in expression levels of Notch1-4 following chemotherapy. We then analyzed in vitro cell survival of B-ALL cells treated with conventional chemotherapeutic agents alone or in combination with Notch signaling inhibitors. Gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSI) and anti-Notch4 were all capable of potentiating drug-induced cell death in B-ALL cells by upregulating intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species, which in turn modulated mTOR, NF-κB, and ERK expression. In NOG-mouse-based xenograft models of B-ALL, co-administration of the Notch inhibitor GSI-XII with the chemotherapeutic agent Ara-C lowered bone marrow leukemic burden compared with DMSO or Ara-C alone, thus prolonging mouse survival. Overall, our results support the potential effectiveness of Notch inhibitors in patients with B-ALL.Significance: Inhibition of Notch signaling enhances the chemosensitivity of B-ALL cells, suggesting Notch inhibition as a potential therapeutic strategy to improve the outcome of patients with B-ALL.

18.
Ann Hematol ; 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515542

RESUMO

Comorbidities defined by the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and body mass index (BMI) are significantly associated with outcome in patients who receive continuous treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. We evaluated the impact of CCI and BMI on responses, drug-related toxicities, and outcome in a cohort of 402 patients with myelofibrosis (MF) treated with ruxolitinib in 23 European Hematology Centers. Comorbidities were evaluable in all 402 patients. A higher (≥ 3) CCI did not correlate with a lower spleen reduction at any time (p = 0.68) or symptoms' response (p = 0.11), but influenced the onset of anemia during the first 3 months of treatment and later (p = 0.02 and p = 0.03, respectively) in patients without anemia baseline. BMI was evaluable in 380 patients and did not correlate with differences in spleen and symptoms response (p = 0.57 and p = 0.49, respectively). A higher CCI and a lower BMI correlated also with a reduced overall survival (p < 0.001 and p = 0.02, respectively). The achievement of a spleen response at 6 months could counterbalance the negative impact of comorbidities, while patients who were underweight when starting ruxolitinib and did not achieve a spleen response at 6 months were projected to the worse outcome. In MF patients treated with ruxolitinib, BMI and comorbidities did not influence the achievement of spleen/symptom responses, but they contributed to the early identification of patients who deserve a strict monitoring during treatment.

19.
Semin Hematol ; 55(4): 248-255, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30502854

RESUMO

Recently, the myelofibrosis secondary to PV and ET prognostic model (MYSEC-PM) was introduced to assess prognosis in myelofibrosis (MF) secondary to polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia (post-PV and post-ET MF), replacing the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) and/or Dynamic IPSS (DIPSS) that was applied for primary MF (PMF). In a cohort of 421 ruxolitinib (RUX)-treated patients (post-PV and post-ET MF: 44.2%), we evaluated the following: (1) disease phenotype, responses, and toxicity to RUX; and (2) performance of the MYSEC-PM in post-PV or post-ET MF. While the IPSS failed to correctly stratify post-PV or post-ET MF patients at diagnosis, the MYSEC-PM identified 4 risk categories projected at significantly different survival probability (P < .001). Additionally, the MYSEC-PM maintained a prognostic value in post-PV and post-ET MF also when used over time, at RUX start. Notably, the MYSEC-PM reclassified 41.8% and 13.6% of patients into a lower and higher risk category, respectively. Finally, patients at intermediate-1 risk had significantly higher spleen responses and lower hematological toxicities compared to higher risk patients. Compared to PMF, post-PV and post-ET MF presented a more hyperproliferative disease, with higher leukocyte and/or platelet count and hemoglobin levels both at diagnosis and at RUX start. Despite comparable response rates, post-PV and post-ET MF had lower rate of RUX-induced anemia and thrombocytopenia at 3 and 6 months. The study validates MYSEC-PM in post-PV and post-ET MF prognostication. Post-PV or post-ET MF represents a separate entity compared to PMF in terms of clinical manifestations and toxicity to RUX.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416055

RESUMO

Mastocytosis is a unique hematologic neoplasm with complex biology and pathology and a variable clinical course. The disease can essentially be divided into cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) and systemic mastocytosis (SM). In adults, SM is diagnosed in most cases and manifests as either indolent or advanced disease. Patients with advanced SM have an unfavorable prognosis with reduced survival. However, so far, little is known about the prevalence of various categories of SM and about prognostic factors. In an attempt to learn more about the behavior and evolution of various forms of CM and SM, the European Competence Network on Mastocytosis (ECNM) initiated a mastocytosis registry in 2012. In this article, the set up and start phase of this registry are described. Until 2018, more than 3000 patients from 12 countries and 25 centers have been enrolled. In a majority of all patients, robust follow-up data and relevant clinical end points are available. Using this data set, a series of registry projects have been launched, with the aim to validate previously identified diagnostic and prognostic variables and to identify new disease-related and patient-related parameters in various forms of mastocytosis. Moreover, the core data set of the registry will be useful to establish multiparametric scoring systems through which prognostication and individualized management of patients with mastocytosis should improve in the foreseeable future.

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