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1.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(1): 62-70, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705393

RESUMO

The actinobacterium Streptomyces sp. MC1 has previously shown the capacity to resist and remove Cr(VI) from liquid culture media. The aim of this work is to analyze the differential expression pattern of intracellular proteins when Streptomyces sp. MC1 is exposed to Cr(VI) in order to explain the molecular mechanisms of resistance that this microorganism possesses. For this purpose, 2D-PAGE and shotgun proteomic analyses (2D-nanoUPLC-ESI-MS/MS) were applied. The presence of Cr(VI) induced the expression of proteins involved in molecular biosynthesis and energy generation, chaperones with a key role in the repair of misfolded proteins and stress response, transcription proteins, proteins of importance in the DNA supercoiling, repair and replication, and dehydrogenases involved in oxidation-reduction processes. These dehydrogenases can be associated with the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III). The results of this study show that proteins from the groups mentioned before are important to face the stress caused by the Cr(VI) presence and help the microorganism to counteract the toxicity of the metal. The use of two proteomic approaches resulted in a larger number of peptides identified, which is also transduced in a significant number of protein ID. This decreased the potential complexity of the sample because of the protein dynamic range, as well as increased the recovery of peptides from the gel after digestion.

2.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 184: 110517, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605948

RESUMO

The development of environmental friendly new procedures for the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles is one of the main objectives of nanotechnology. Plants, algae, fungi and bacteria for the production of nanomaterials are viable alternatives due to their low cost, the absence of toxic waste production and their highly energy efficiency. It is also known that biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) show higher biocompatibility compared to the chemically-synthesized ones. In previous results, biosynthesized AgNPs were obtained from the supernatant of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and they showed a bigger antimicrobial activity against different bacterial species compared to the chemically-synthesized ones. The aim of this work was to analyze the capping of biosynthesized AgNPs using techniques such as transmission electron microscopy (TEM), infrared spectroscopy (IR), and protein identification through mass spectrometry (MS) in order to identify the compounds responsible for their formation, stability and biocompatibility. The TEM images showed that AgNPs were surrounded by an irregular coverage. The IR spectrum showed that this coverage was composed of carbohydrates and/or proteins. Different proteins were identified in the capping associated to biosynthesized AgNPs. Some proteins seem to be important for their formation (Alkyl hydroperoxide reductase and Azurin) and stabilization (Outer membrane protein OprG and Glycine zipper 2 T M domain-containing protein). The proteins identified with the capability to interact with some biomolecules can be responsible for the biocompatibility and may be responsible for the bigger antimicrobial activity than AgNPs have previously shown. These results are pioneers in the identification of proteins in the capping of biosynthesized AgNPs.

3.
Extremophiles ; 22(5): 699-711, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29705928

RESUMO

The acid mine drainage that originates in the abandoned gold mine in San Luis, Argentina, is released into La Carolina stream. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of this mine drainage on the physicochemical parameters of the area studied and on both prokaryotic and eukaryotic community structure. In addition, specific relationships between microbial taxonomic groups and physicochemical parameters were established. The drainage that flows into La Carolina stream acidifies the stream and increases its sulfate, Zn, Cd and Te concentrations. Microbial analysis showed that prokaryotic community structure is mainly affected by pH values. Actinobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria were abundant in samples characterized by low pH values, while Nitrospirae, Chloroflexi, Deltaproteobacteria, Thaumarchaeota and Euryarchaeota were associated with high concentrations of heavy metals. Otherwise, Alphaproteobacteria was present in samples taken in sunlit areas. Regarding eukaryotic community structure, the sunlight had the greatest impact. Inside the mine, in the absence of light, fungi and protists members were the most abundant microorganisms, while those samples taken in the presence of light displayed algae (green algae and diatoms) as the most abundant ones. After receiving the mine drainage, the stream showed a decrease in the diatom abundance and green algae predominated.


Assuntos
Ambientes Extremos , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Microbiota , Ácidos/análise , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Diatomáceas/isolamento & purificação , Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Ouro/análise , Metagenoma , Metais Pesados/análise , Mineração
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