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1.
Hematol Transfus Cell Ther ; 43(3): 243-248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665180

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a Mendelian disorder with a heterogeneous clinical course. The reasons for this phenotypic diversity are not entirely established, but it is known that high fetal hemoglobin levels lead to a milder course of the disease. Additionally, genetic variants in the intergenic region HBS1L-MYB promote high levels of fetal hemoglobin into adulthood. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we investigated the HMIP1 C-839A (rs9376092) polymorphism, located at the HBS1L-MYB intergenic region block 1, in SCA patients. METHOD: We analyzed 299 SCA patients followed in two reference centers in Brazil. The HMIP1 C-839A (rs9376092) genotypes were determined by allele specific polymerase chain reactions. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from patient interviews and medical records. RESULTS: The median fetal hemoglobin levels were higher in patients with the HMIP1 C-839A (rs9376092) AA genotype (CC=6.4%, CA=5.6% and AA=8.6%), but this difference did not reach significance (p=0.194). No association between HMIP1 C-839A (rs9376092) genotypes and other clinical and laboratorial features was detected (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: In summary, our data could not support the previously related association between the HMIP1 C-893A (rs9376092) polymorphism and differential fetal hemoglobin levels.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309469

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown that the loss of the FOXO3 transcriptional function is involved in the pathophysiology of some chronic erythroid disorders, including beta-thalassemia (ß-thal). Therefore, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3800231 (35-2764A > G) could contribute to alterations in its transcriptional activity, acting as a modifier of ß-thal phenotypic manifestations. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: In order to better understand the genotypic and/or allelic distributions among ß-thal patients, we evaluated 83 ß-thal heterozygous and 20 homozygous, compared to 117 individuals without hemoglobinopathies (control group). Additionally, we verified any influence of the FOXO3 polymorphism on clinical manifestations among ß-thal homozygotes. RESULTS: We obtained higher frequencies of the wild-type homozygous (AA) and the wild-type allele (A) in the ß-thal group (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.00014, respectively). The most common clinical manifestations found among ß-thal homozygotes were iron overload (90%), splenomegaly (65%) and bone complications (35%), e.g., osteopenia/osteoporosis. We observed that close to 80% of the patients presenting such manifestations had the genotype AA. However, we did not find any significant involvement of the FOXO3 polymorphism in clinical manifestation occurrences. CONCLUSION: Thus, we concluded that the SNP rs3800231 did not play a significant role as a modifier of the clinical manifestations observed in the ß-thal homozygotes studied.

3.
Genet Mol Biol ; 42(2): 436-444, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259358

RESUMO

Two allopatric populations of Brazilian diploid and tetraploid Odontophrynus americanus species complex, both from São Paulo state, had their blood hemoglobin biochemically analyzed. In addition, these specimens were cytogenetically characterized. Biochemical characterization of hemoglobin expression showed a distinct banding pattern between the allopatric specimens. Besides this, two distinct phenotypes, not linked to ploidy, sex, or age, were observed in adult animals of both populations. Phenotype A exhibits dark-colored body with small papillae, ogival-shaped jaw with reduced interpupillary distance and shorter hind limbs. Phenotype B shows yellowish-colored body with larger papillae, arch-shaped jaw with broader interpupillary distance and longer hind limbs. Intermediate phenotypes were also found. Considering the geographical isolation of both populations, differences in chromosomal secondary constrictions and distinct hemoglobins banding patterns, these data indicate that 2n and 4n populations represent cryptic species in the O. americanus species complex. The observed phenotypic diversity can be interpreted as population genetic variability. Eventually future data may indicate a probable beginning of speciation in these Brazilian frogs. Such inter- and intrapopulational differentiation/speciation process indicates that O. americanus species complex taxonomy deserves further evaluation by genomics and metabarcoding communities, also considering the pattern of hemoglobin expression, in South American frogs.

4.
J Hum Genet ; 64(3): 239-248, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30622282

RESUMO

ß-S globin haplotype (ßS haplotype) characterization in sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients is important because it assists individualized treatment. However, the patient with atypical haplotypes do not present detailed studies such as clinical and laboratory data. To understand the phenotypic expression of atypical haplotype patients in relation to typical haplotype ones, it may be necessary to assess the main clinical and laboratorial parameters and investigate transcription factors, as possible genetic modulators that can contribute to the improvement of the SCA patients' clinical condition. The study group was composed of 600 SCA Brazilian patients of both genders ranging in age from 1 to 68 years. The atypical haplotypes were the third most frequent (5.7%) with 11 patterns numerically ranked according to occurrence. We verified that patients with atypical 1 haplotype in combination with Bantu haplotype presented milder clinical outcomes in relation to Bantu/Bantu and Benin/Benin patients, according to improved values of hemoglobin and hematocrit. In clinical severity, we did not observe significant statistical differences between typical and atypical haplotype patients, and this result can be explained with reference to the action of transcription factors in ß-globin cluster. Thus, we presented the atypical haplotype relationship with SCA pathophysiology, reinforcing the hypothesis that individual genetic factors may be responsible for phenotypic diversity of the disease.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/classificação , Anemia Falciforme/genética , Hemoglobina Falciforme/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Globinas beta/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anemia Falciforme/patologia , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Haplótipos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Família Multigênica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
5.
Genet. Mol. Biol. ; 42(2): 436-444, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: but-ib16072

RESUMO

Two allopatric populations of Brazilian diploid and tetraploid Odontophrynus americanus species complex, both from São Paulo state, had their blood hemoglobin biochemically analyzed. In addition, these specimens were cytogenetically characterized. Biochemical characterization of hemoglobin expression showed a distinct banding pattern between the allopatric specimens. Besides this, two distinct phenotypes, not linked to ploidy, sex, or age, were observed in adult animals of both populations. Phenotype A exhibits dark-colored body with small papillae, ogival-shaped jaw with reduced interpupillary distance and shorter hind limbs. Phenotype B shows yellowish-colored body with larger papillae, arch-shaped jaw with broader interpupillary distance and longer hind limbs. Intermediate phenotypes were also found. Considering the geographical isolation of both populations, differences in chromosomal secondary constrictions and distinct hemoglobins banding patterns, these data indicate that 2n and 4n populations represent cryptic species in the O. americanus species complex. The observed phenotypic diversity can be interpreted as population genetic variability. Eventually future data may indicate a probable beginning of speciation in these Brazilian frogs. Such inter- and intrapopulational differentiation/speciation process indicates that O. americanus species complex taxonomy deserves further evaluation by genomics and metabarcoding communities, also considering the pattern of hemoglobin expression, in South American frogs.

6.
Genet Mol Biol, v. 42, n. 2, p. 436-444, jun. 2019
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: bud-2784

RESUMO

Two allopatric populations of Brazilian diploid and tetraploid Odontophrynus americanus species complex, both from São Paulo state, had their blood hemoglobin biochemically analyzed. In addition, these specimens were cytogenetically characterized. Biochemical characterization of hemoglobin expression showed a distinct banding pattern between the allopatric specimens. Besides this, two distinct phenotypes, not linked to ploidy, sex, or age, were observed in adult animals of both populations. Phenotype A exhibits dark-colored body with small papillae, ogival-shaped jaw with reduced interpupillary distance and shorter hind limbs. Phenotype B shows yellowish-colored body with larger papillae, arch-shaped jaw with broader interpupillary distance and longer hind limbs. Intermediate phenotypes were also found. Considering the geographical isolation of both populations, differences in chromosomal secondary constrictions and distinct hemoglobins banding patterns, these data indicate that 2n and 4n populations represent cryptic species in the O. americanus species complex. The observed phenotypic diversity can be interpreted as population genetic variability. Eventually future data may indicate a probable beginning of speciation in these Brazilian frogs. Such inter- and intrapopulational differentiation/speciation process indicates that O. americanus species complex taxonomy deserves further evaluation by genomics and metabarcoding communities, also considering the pattern of hemoglobin expression, in South American frogs.

7.
Hemoglobin ; 41(1): 12-15, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28366028

RESUMO

ß-Thalassemia (ß-thal) is a hemolytic anemia that is caused by point mutations in most cases. The Brazilian population is highly heterogeneous and knowledge of the mutations that make up the genotypic profile of individuals can contribute information about the formation of the population and clinical condition of patients. In this study, we evaluated the mutations present in homozygous ß-thal patients from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We analyzed 24 samples of peripheral blood of patients with homozygous ß-thal. To identify the mutations, we carried out allele-specific-polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and DNA sequencing. We found 11 different mutations on the ß-globin gene. Among the most frequent mutations observed were HBB: c.92 + 6T>C, followed by HBB: c.93-21G>A, HBB: c.118C>T and HBB: c.92 + 1G>A. We also identified the rare mutation HBB: c.75T>A that was reported in an individual carrying Hb S (HBB: c.20A>T)/ß-thal (HBB: c.75T>A) but not in Brazilian thalassemic patients, thus, this is the first report of this mutation in Brazilian ß-thal patients. For its multiethnic character, Brazil has different mutations that cause ß-thal and that are distributed with different frequencies according to the regions of the country. Our findings contribute to the description of the mutational profile of Brazilian thalassemic patients, showing wide heterogeneity and genetic variability.


Assuntos
Mutação , Globinas beta/genética , Talassemia beta/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Códon , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Íntrons , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Adulto Jovem , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Talassemia beta/epidemiologia , Talassemia beta/terapia
9.
PLoS One ; 11(11): e0165833, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27802331

RESUMO

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited hemolytic anemia whose pathophysiology is driven by polymerization of the hemoglobin S (Hb S), leading to hemolysis and vaso-occlusive events. Inflammation is a fundamental component in these processes and a continuous inflammatory stimulus can lead to tissue damages. Thus, pro-resolving pathways emerge in order to restore the homeostasis. For example there is the annexin A1 (ANXA1), an endogenous anti-inflammatory protein involved in reducing neutrophil-endothelial interactions, accelerating neutrophil apoptosis and stimulating macrophage efferocytosis. We investigated the expression of ANXA1 in plasma of SCD patients and its relation with anemic, hemolytic and inflammatory parameters of the disease. Three SCD genotypes were considered: the homozygous inheritance for Hb S (Hb SS) and the association between Hb S and the hemoglobin variants D-Punjab (Hb SD) and C (Hb SC). ANXA1 and proinflammatory cytokines were quantified by ELISA in plasma of SCD patients and control individuals without hemoglobinopathies. Hematological and biochemical parameters were analyzed by flow cytometry and spectrophotometer. The plasma levels of ANXA1 were about three-fold lesser in SCD patients compared to the control group, and within the SCD genotypes the most elevated levels were found in Hb SS individuals (approximately three-fold higher). Proinflammatory cytokines were higher in SCD groups than in the control individuals. Anemic and hemolytic markers were higher in Hb SS and Hb SD genotypes compared to Hb SC patients. White blood cells and platelets count were higher in Hb SS genotype and were positively correlated to ANXA1 levels. We found that ANXA1 is down-regulated and differentially expressed within the SCD genotypes. Its expression seems to depend on the inflammatory, hemolytic and vaso-occlusive characteristics of the diseased. These data may lead to new biological targets for therapeutic intervention in SCD.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/sangue , Anemia Falciforme/genética , Anexina A1/sangue , Anexina A1/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Anemia Falciforme/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Feminino , Genótipo , Hemoglobina Falciforme/genética , Hemólise , Homozigoto , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Hemoglobin ; 40(5): 356-358, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27535451

RESUMO

Phenotypic heterogeneity for sickle cell disease is associated to several genetic factors such as genotype for sickle cell disease, ß-globin gene cluster haplotypes and Hb F levels. The coinheritance of Hb S (HBB: c.20A > T) and Hb D-Punjab (HBB: c.364G > C) results in a double heterozygosity, which constitutes one of the genotypic causes of sickle cell disease. This study aimed to assess the phenotypic diversity of sickle cell disease presented by carriers of the Hb S/Hb D-Punjab genotype and the Bantu [- + - - - -] haplotype. We evaluated medical records from 12 patients with sickle cell disease whose Hb S/Hb D-Punjab genotype and Bantu haplotype were confirmed by molecular analysis. Hb S and Hb D-Punjab levels were quantified by chromatographic analysis. Mean concentrations of Hb S and Hb D-Punjab were 44.8 ± 2.3% and 43.3 ± 1.8%, respectively. Painful crises were present in eight (66.7%) patients evaluated, representing the most common clinical event. Acute chest syndrome (ACS) was the second most prevalent manifestation, occurring in two individuals (16.7%). Three patients were asymptomatic, while another two exhibited greater diversity of severe clinical manifestations. Medical records here analyzed reported a significant clinical diversity in sickle cell disease ranging from the absence of symptoms to wide phenotypic variety. The sickle cell disease genotype, Bantu haplotype and hemoglobin (Hb) levels did not influence the clinical diversity. Thus, we concluded that the phenotypic variation in sickle cell disease was present within a specific genotype for disease regardless of the ß-globin gene cluster haplotypes.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/genética , Hemoglobina Falciforme/análise , Hemoglobinas Anormais/análise , Fenótipo , Síndrome Torácica Aguda/etiologia , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Anemia Sideroblástica , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Dor/etiologia , Globinas beta/genética
11.
J Hum Genet ; 61(7): 605-11, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26961071

RESUMO

Beta S-globin gene cluster haplotypes (ß(S)-haplotypes) can modulate the response to hydroxycarbamide (HC) treatment in sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients. In Brazil, the most common haplotypes are Bantu and Benin, and both confer a poor prognosis for patients when untreated with HC. We evaluated oxidative and hemolytic biomarkers in 48 SCA patients undergoing HC treatment separated in three subgroups: Bantu/Bantu, Bantu/Benin and Benin/Benin haplotype. On the basis of reduced haptoglobin (HP) levels, patients with Bantu/Bantu haplotypes had 3.0% higher hemolysis degree when compared with those with Bantu/Benin haplotypes (P=0.01). The Benin/Benin patients had 53.6% greater lipid peroxidation index than the Bantu/Bantu patients (P=0.01) because of evaluated thiobarbituric acid reactive species levels. The Bantu/Benin subgroup had intermediate levels of hemolytic and oxidative stress markers compared with the homozygous subgroups. Through strict inclusion criteria adopted, as well as consolidated and well-described hemolytic and the oxidative parameters evaluated, we suggest a haplotype-interaction response to HC treatment mediated by a 'balance' between the genetic factors of each haplotype studied.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/genética , Anemia Falciforme/metabolismo , Haplótipos , Hemoglobina Falciforme/genética , Padrões de Herança , Estresse Oxidativo , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/diagnóstico , Anemia Falciforme/tratamento farmacológico , Antidrepanocíticos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Criança , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Hemólise , Humanos , Hidroxiureia/uso terapêutico , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Família Multigênica , Fenótipo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 32(1): 78-79, fev. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-551501

RESUMO

Variations in the phenotypic expression of heterozygous beta thalassemia reflect the formation of different populations. To better understand the profile of heterozygous beta-thalassemia of the Brazilian population, we aimed at establishing parameters to direct the diagnosis of carriers and calculate the frequency from information stored in an electronic database. Using a Data Mining tool, we evaluated information on 10,960 blood samples deposited in a relational database. Over the years, improved diagnostic technology has facilitated the elucidation of suspected beta thalassemia heterozygote cases with an average frequency of 3.5 percent of referred cases. We also found that the Brazilian beta thalassemia trait has classic increases of Hb A2 and Hb F (60 percent), mainly caused by mutations in beta zero thalassemia, especially in the southeast of the country.

13.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 32(1): 80-82, fev. 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-551511

RESUMO

As hemoglobinopatias e talassemias constituem as afecções genéticas mais comuns, apresentando-se, na maioria dos casos, em heterozigose. Diante da diversidade de hemoglobinas variantes encontrada na população brasileira, metodologias específicas e complementares para um diagnóstico laboratorial preciso, capaz de elucidar possíveis interações entre estas variantes genéticas, são necessárias. Este relato de caso descreve a interação entre hemoglobina B2 e a hemoglobina S em um indivíduo do sexo feminino, caucasoide, proveniente da região Sudeste do Brasil, identificada por meio de técnicas eletroforéticas em diferentes pH, cromatografia líquida de alta performance e PCR- RFLP. Visto que a hemoglobina B2 coelui com a hemoglobina S na análise cromatográfica e dificilmente é visualizada em eletroforese pH alcalino, devido à sua baixa concentração, justifica-se a necessidade da associação de testes laboratoriais, inclusive moleculares, na rotina do diagnóstico de hemoglobinas para a correta identificação do perfil de hemoglobinas do indivíduo e real frequência na população brasileira. Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter.


Hemoglobinopathies and thalassemias are the most common genetic diseases, and in most cases, present as heterozygous. Due to the diversity of hemoglobin variants, specific and complementary methodologies are necessary for a precise laboratorial diagnosis, able to elucidate possible interactions between genetic polymorphisms. This case report describes an interaction between hemoglobin B2 and hemoglobin S in a Caucasian woman from the southeastern region of Brazil. This interaction was identified by electrophoresis in different pHs, high performance liquid chromatography and PCR-RFLP. As hemoglobin B2 is eluted in the same window as hemoglobin S in automatic HPLC systems and is hardly seen in alkaline electrophoresis due to its low concentration, the association must be confirmed using additional laboratorial tests, including molecular biology techniques. These tests should be included in the routine practice of hemoglobinopathy diagnosis in order to correctly identify hemoglobin variants and to know the real frequency of these mutations in the Brazilian population. Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter.

14.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 32(3): 215-218, 2010. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-554903

RESUMO

Hemoglobinopathies are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders which represent a public health problem, with significant morbidity, in countries where the prevalence is high. This study aimed at identifying molecular abnormalities that might explain the laboratorial profile obtained using electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography in a group of individuals without signs or clinical symptoms of anemia. Five different mutations for beta-thalassemia were found using PCR-ASO: three cases with CD 6 (-A), one CD 39, one IVI I-6, one -87 (mutations originating in the Mediterranean region) and one IVS II-654 (mutation originating in Asia). This is the first time that the CD 6 (-A), -87 and IVS II-654 mutations have been described in the Brazilian population.


As hemoglobinopatias são um grupo de afecções genéticas que representam problema de saúde pública em muitos países em que sua incidência é alta, com significativa morbidade. Objetivamos identificar defeitos moleculares que pudessem explicar o perfil laboratorial obtido por eletroforese e HPLC com Hb F elevada, em um grupo de indivíduos adultos sem sinais ou sintomas de anemia. Encontramos cinco diferentes mutações que originam beta talassemia por PCR-ASO: três casos com CD 6 (-A), um CD 39, um IVS 1-5, um -87 todas de origem mediterrânea, e um IVS II-654 de origem asiática. As mutações CD 6 (-A), -87 e IVS II-654 foram descritas pela primeira vez na população brasileira.


Assuntos
Humanos , Talassemia beta , Hemoglobina Fetal , Biologia Molecular
16.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 32(2): 171-172, 2010. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-553477

RESUMO

A low iron level, the commonest nutritional deficiency in the world, is a public health problem in developing countries. On the other hand, an excessive amount of iron is toxic, causing several organic dysfunctions, such as diabetes, cirrhosis, endocrinopathies and heart disease. Researchers have reported an association of iron overload with beta-thalassemia. The aim of this paper was to compare the serum ferritin levels of women with the beta-thalassemia trait. The results of serologic tests of 137 women of childbearing age were analyzed; 63 had the beta-thalassemia trait and 74 had Hb AA. In the beta-thalassemia carriers, the median ferritin value was 51.90 ng/mL and in the non-carriers 31.60 ng/mL (p = 0.0052). Levels of less than 20 and above 150 ng/mL were observed in 28 percent and 3 percent of the non-carriers and in 16 percent and 11 percent of the carriers, respectively. With these results it is possible to conclude that women in the reproductive age with the beta-thalassemia trait present higher ferritin levels in the northeastern region of São Paulo State. Further studies are necessary to clarify possible genetic and/or environment factors which interfere in iron absorption.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ferritinas , Talassemia
18.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 103(7): 672-8, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18804827

RESUMO

The circumsporozoite protein (CSP) of the Plasmodium vivax infective sporozoite is considered to be a major target for the development of recombinant malaria vaccines. The Duffy blood group molecule acts as the red blood cell receptor for P. vivax. We review the frequency of P. vivax CSP variants and report their association with the Duffy blood group genotypes from Brazilian Amazon patients carrying P. vivax malaria. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 155 P. vivax-infected individuals from five Brazilian malaria-endemic areas. The P. vivax CSP variants and the Duffy blood group genotypes were assessed using PCR/RFLP. In single infections, the VK210 variant was the commonest followed by the P. vivax-like variant. The typing of P. vivax indicated that the frequency of variants among the study areas was significantly different from one to another. This is the first detection of the VK247 and P. vivax-like variant in single infections in endemic areas of Brazil. Association of the CSP P. vivax variants with the heterozygous Duffy blood group system genotype was significant for VK210 single infection. These observations provide additional data on the Plasmodium-host interactions concerning the Duffy blood group and P. vivax capability of causing human malaria.


Assuntos
Sistema do Grupo Sanguíneo Duffy/genética , Malária Vivax/sangue , Plasmodium vivax , Proteínas de Protozoários/sangue , Animais , Brasil , Feminino , Variação Genética/fisiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Proteínas de Protozoários/classificação
20.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 31(6): 471-472, 2009. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-540380

RESUMO

The most highly prevalent inherited disease in Brazil and in the world, sickle cell anemia, is considered a public health problem. Characterized by homozygosis for the hemoglobin S gene, the individual has a range of signs and symptoms that require careful treatment. The sickle cell trait is characterized by heterozygosis for the hemoglobin S gene, however the carrier does not express the disease. In the current study we aimed at verifying the presence of the sickle cell trait in 1000 blood donors of the Hematology and Hemotherapy Center of the State of Piauí (Hemopi) in the period from October 2007 to April 2008. After analysis by alkaline and acid electrophoresis, positive cases were confirmed by molecular biology. We obtained rates of 3.4 percent for hemoglobin AS and 5 percent for hemoglobin AC, with a total frequency of 3.9 percent in the total of 1,000 blood donors.


Assuntos
Humanos , Anemia Falciforme , Doadores de Sangue , Hemoglobinas
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