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1.
Am J Hematol ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489694

RESUMO

Rituximab is a second-line option in adults with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), but the estimated 5-year response rate, only based on pooled retrospective data, is about 20%, and no studies have focused on long-term safety. We conducted a prospective multicenter registry of 248 adults with ITP treated with rituximab with 5 years of follow-up to assess its long-term safety and efficacy. The median follow-up was 68.4 [53.7-78.5] months. The incidence of severe infections was only 2/100 patient-years. Profound hypogammaglobulinemia (<5 g/L) developed in 5 patients at 15 to 31 months after the last rituximab infusion. In total, 25 patients died at a median age of 80 [69.5-83.9] years, corresponding to a mortality rate of 2.3/100 patient-years. Only 3 deaths related to infection that occurred 12 to 14 months after rituximab infusions could be due in part to rituximab. At 60 months of follow-up, 73 (29.4%) patients had a sustained response. On univariate and multivariate analysis, the only factor significantly associated with sustained response was a previous transient response to corticosteroids (p=0.022). Overall, 24 patients with an initial response and then relapse received retreatment with rituximab, which gave a response in 92%, with a higher duration of response in 54%. As a result of its safety profile and its sustained response rate, rituximab remains an important option in the current therapeutic armamentarium for adult ITP. Retreatment could be an effective and safe option. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2018787366, 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260758

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in elderly patients has a poor prognosis. In an attempt to improve outcome for these patients, the prospective open-label phase III LAM-SA 2007 (Adding Lomustine to Chemotherapy in Older Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML), and Allogeneic Transplantation for Patients From 60 to 65 Years Old) trial randomly assigned patients to a standard induction regimen with lomustine added or to a consolidation regimen with cytarabine and idarubicin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adults age 60 years or older with previously untreated AML who were fit to receive intensive chemotherapy and who were without unfavorable cytogenetics received standard chemotherapy with lomustine (idarubicin, cytarabine, and lomustine [ICL]) or without (idarubicin and cytarabine [IC]). The primary objective of the study was overall survival (OS); secondary objectives were response rate, cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), event-free survival (EFS), and safety. RESULTS: From February 2008 to December 2011, 459 patients were enrolled. Comparing patients in the IC and ICL arms, complete response or complete response with incomplete recovery was achieved in 74.9% versus 84.7% ( P = .01). The proportional hazards assumption was rejected for OS ( P = .02), which led us to consider two separate time intervals: during and after induction. There was no significant difference between the two arms during induction, although induction deaths were 3.7% versus 7.7%, respectively ( P = .11). However, significantly better results were observed after induction with an improved 2-year OS of 56% in the ICL arm versus 48% in the IC arm ( P = .02). At 2 years, EFS was improved at 41% in the ICL arm versus 26% in the IC arm ( P = .01). The CIR at 2 years was 41.2% in the ICL arm versus 60.9% in the IC arm ( P = .003). Grade 3 and 4 toxicities, mostly hematologic, were significantly higher in the ICL arm ( P = .04), and fewer patients required a second treatment after ICL. CONCLUSION: Adding lomustine to standard chemotherapy significantly improved the outcome of elderly patients with AML.

3.
Hematol Oncol ; 2018 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30105853

RESUMO

Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of developing acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML). The outcome of AML patients could thus be dependent on their nutritional status that can be evaluated by the simple measurement of serum albumin (SA) and body mass index (BMI). These two parameters could have a value as prognostic factors to guide patients' management. We evaluated the association between SA levels, BMI, and survival, evaluated as overall survival (OS) and event-free survival. Furthermore, we investigated the association between BMI, SA, and other prognostic factors of interest in AML. This retrospective single-center study included 159 patients diagnosed with AML at Nancy Hospital between 2005 and 2013, treated with aracytine and anthracycline. Forty-four percent of patients presented with normal weight while 56% were obese/overweight. Serum albumin levels were <30 g/L for 49 patients, and ≥30 g/L for 110. Thirty-four patients with low SA levels were also obese. Favourable OS was associated with SA levels ≥30 g/L (HR = 0.467; 95% CI 0.230-0.946; P = .034) but was not impacted by the BMI. Serum albumin levels appear to be an independent prognostic factor in AML and a better parameter than BMI for evaluating the nutritional status of patients at diagnosis.

4.
J Clin Oncol ; 36(24): 2514-2523, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863974

RESUMO

Purpose To evaluate randomly the role of hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide (hyper-C) dose intensification in adults with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with a pediatric-inspired protocol and to determine the upper age limit for treatment tolerability in this context. Patients and Methods A total of 787 evaluable patients (B/T lineage, 525 and 262, respectively; median age, 36.1 years) were randomly assigned to receive a standard dose of cyclophosphamide or hyper-C during first induction and late intensification. Compliance with chemotherapy was assessed by median doses actually received during each treatment phase by patients potentially exposed to the full planned doses. Results Overall complete remission (CR) rate was 91.9%. With a median follow-up of 5.2 years, the 5-year rate of event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) was 52.2% (95% CI, 48.5% to 55.7%) and 58.5% (95% CI, 54.8% to 61.9%), respectively. Randomization to the hyper-C arm did not increase the CR rate or prolong EFS or OS. As a result of worse treatment tolerance, advanced age continuously affected CR rate, EFS, and OS, with 55 years as the best age cutoff. At 5 years, EFS was 55.7% (95% CI, 51.8% to 59.4%) for patients younger than 55 years of age versus 25.8% (95% CI, 19.9% to 35.6%) in older patients (hazard ratio, 2.16; P < .001). Patients ≥ 55 years of age, in whom a lower compliance to the whole planned chemotherapy was observed, benefited significantly from hyper-C, whereas younger patients did not. Conclusion No significant benefit was associated with the introduction of a hyper-C sequence into a frontline pediatric-like adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia therapy. Overall, tolerability of an intensive pediatric-derived treatment was poor in patients ≥ 55 years of age.

5.
Eur J Haematol ; 98(5): 443-449, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28122150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Anthracyclines and cytarabine are cornerstones for intensive chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The goals of this study were to comprehensively assess deviations from theoretical doses and the impact of body-surface area (BSA) on patients' characteristics, physicians' strategy, dose adjustment, and clinical outcome. METHODS: The GOELAMS 2001 phase III trial included 823 AML patients below 60 years of age. In the course of treatment, anthropomorphic parameters and chemotherapy doses were prospectively registered. RESULTS: Very high BSA (≥2.15 m2 ) was the factor most significantly associated with the physician's decision to reduce chemotherapy doses during induction and postremission therapy. Despite similar AML characteristics and therapeutic strategies, the very high BSA group exhibited a significantly worse survival (5-years OS of 27%) compared to the low (BSA≤1.5 m2 ), intermediate (1.5 m2

Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Superfície Corporal , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Blood ; 128(6): 774-82, 2016 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27121472

RESUMO

Prognosis of Philadelphia-positive (Ph(+)) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the elderly has improved during the imatinib era. We investigated dasatinib, another potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in combination with low-intensity chemotherapy. Patients older than age 55 years were included in the European Working Group on Adult ALL (EWALL) study number 01 for Ph(+) ALL (EWALL-PH-01 international study) and were treated with dasatinib 140 mg/day (100 mg/day over 70 years) with intrathecal chemotherapy, vincristine, and dexamethasone during induction. Patients in complete remission continued consolidation with dasatinib, sequentially with cytarabine, asparaginase, and methotrexate for 6 months. Maintenance therapy was dasatinib and vincristine/dexamethasone reinductions for 18 months followed by dasatinib until relapse or death. Seventy-one patients with a median age of 69 years were enrolled; 77% had a high comorbidity score. Complete remission rate was 96% and 65% of patients achieved a 3-log reduction in BCR-ABL1 transcript levels during consolidation. Only 7 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. At 5 years, overall survival was 36% and up to 45% taking into account deaths unrelated to disease or treatment as competitors. Thirty-six patients relapsed, 24 were tested for mutation by Sanger sequencing, and 75% were T315I-positive. BCR-ABL1(T315I) was tested by allele-specific oligonucleotide reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 43 patients and detection was associated with short-term relapses. Ten patients (23%) were positive before any therapy and 8 relapsed, all with this mutation. In conclusion, dasatinib combined with low-intensity chemotherapy was well-tolerated and gave long-term survival in 36% of elderly patients with Ph(+) ALL. Monitoring of BCR-ABL1(T315I) from diagnosis identified patients with at high risk of early relapse and may help to personalize therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Cromossomo Filadélfia/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos
7.
Am J Hematol ; 90(11): 986-91, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26214580

RESUMO

Central nervous system (CNS) thrombotic events are a well-known complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) induction therapy, especially with treatments including l-asparaginase (l-ASP). Data on risk factors and clinical evolution is still lacking in adult patients. We report on the clinical evolution of 22 CNS venous thrombosis cases occurring in 708 adults treated for ALL or lymphoblastic lymphoma (LL) with the Group for Research on Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GRAALL)-induction protocol, which included eight L-ASP (6,000 IU/m(2) ) infusions. The prevalence of CNS thrombosis was 3.1%. CNS thrombosis occurred after a median of 18 days (range: 11-31) when patients had received a median of three l-ASP injections (range: 2-7). Patients with CNS thrombosis exhibited a median antithrombin (AT) nadir of 47.5% (range: 36-67%) at Day 17 (range: D3-D28), and 95% of them exhibited AT levels lower than 60%. There were no evident increase in hereditary thrombotic risk factors prevalence, and thrombosis occurred despite heparin prophylaxis which was performed in 90% of patients. Acquired AT deficiency was frequently detected in patients with l-ASP-based therapy, and patients with CNS thrombosis received AT prophylaxis (45%) less frequently than patients without CNS thrombosis (83%), P = 0.0002). CNS thrombosis was lethal in 5% of patients, while 20% had persistent sequelae. One patient received all planned l-ASP infusions without recurrence of CNS thrombotic whereas l-ASP injections were discontinued in 20 patients during the management of thrombosis without a significant impact on overall survival (P = 0.4).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Antitrombinas/sangue , Veias Cerebrais/efeitos dos fármacos , Veias Cerebrais/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade , Trombose Venosa/patologia
8.
Am J Hematol ; 90(9): 811-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26094614

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The GRASPALL/GRAALL-SA2-2008 Phase II trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of L-asparaginase encapsulated within erythrocytes (GRASPA®) in patients ≥ 55 years with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia. FINDINGS: Thirty patients received escalating doses of GRASPA® on Day 3 and 6 of induction Phases 1 and 2. The primary efficacy endpoint was asparagine depletion < 2 µmol/L for at least 7 days. This was reached in 85 and 71% of patients with 100 and 150 IU/kg respectively but not with 50 IU/kg. Grade 3/4 infection, hypertransaminasemia, hyperbilirubinemia and deep vein thrombosis occurred in 77, 20, 7, and 7% of patients, respectively. No allergic reaction or clinical pancreatitis was observed despite 17% of Grade 3/4 lipase elevation. Anti-asparaginase antibodies were detected in 50% of patients and related to a reduction in the duration of asparagine depletion during induction Phase 2 without decrease of encapsulated L-asparaginase activity. Complete remission rate was 70%. With a median follow-up of 42 months, median overall survival was 15.8 and 9.7 months, in the 100 and 150 IU/kg cohorts respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of GRASPA®, especially at the 100 IU/kg dose level, is feasible in elderly patients without excessive toxicity and associated with durable asparagine depletion. (clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT01523782).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Asparagina/metabolismo , Portadores de Fármacos , Composição de Medicamentos , Eritrócitos/química , Eritrócitos/citologia , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/mortalidade , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/patologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/mortalidade , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/complicações , Micoses/mortalidade , Micoses/patologia , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida
9.
Haematologica ; 100(6): 780-5, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25715404

RESUMO

Core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia is a favorable acute myeloid leukemia subset cytogenetically defined by t(8;21) or inv(16)/t(16;16) rearrangements, disrupting RUNX1 (previously CBFA/AML1) or CBFB transcription factor functions. The receptor tyrosine kinase KIT is expressed in the vast majority of these acute myeloid leukemias and frequent activating KIT gene mutations have been associated with a higher risk of relapse. This phase II study aimed to evaluate dasatinib as maintenance therapy in patients with core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia in first hematologic complete remission, but at higher risk of relapse due to molecular disease persistence or recurrence. A total of 26 patients aged 18-60 years old previously included in the CBF-2006 trial were eligible to receive dasatinib 140 mg daily if they had a poor initial molecular response (n=18) or a molecular recurrence (n=8). The tolerance of dasatinib as maintenance therapy was satisfactory. The 2-year disease-free survival in this high-risk population of patients was 25.7%. All but one patient with molecular recurrence presented subsequent hematologic relapse. Patients with slow initial molecular response had a similar disease-free survival when treated with dasatinib (40.2% at 2 years) or without any maintenance (50.0% at 2 years). The disappearance of KIT gene mutations at relapse suggests that clonal devolution may in part explain the absence of efficacy observed with single-agent dasatinib in these patients (n. EudraCT: 2006-006555-12).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Ligação ao Core , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
10.
Blood ; 124(22): 3228-36, 2014 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25293768

RESUMO

We conducted a prospective multicenter registry of 248 adult patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) treated with rituximab to assess safety. We also assessed response and predictive factors of sustained response. In total, 173 patients received 4 infusions of 375 mg/m(2) and 72 received 2 fixed 1-g infusions 2 weeks apart. The choice of the rituximab regimen was based on the physician's preference and not patient characteristics. Overall, 38 patients showed minor intolerance to rituximab infusions; infusions had to be stopped for only 3 patients. Seven showed infection (n = 11 cases), with an incidence of 2.3 infections/100 patient-years. Three patients died of infection 12 to 14 months after rituximab infusions, but the role of rituximab was questionable. In total, 152 patients (61%) showed an overall initial response (platelet count ≥30 × 10(9)/L and ≥2 baseline value). At a median follow-up of 24 months, 96 patients (39%) showed a lasting response. On multivariate analysis, the probability of sustained response at 1 year was significantly associated with ITP duration <1 year (P = .02) and previous transient complete response to corticosteroids (P = .05). The pattern of response was similar with the 2 rituximab regimens. With its benefit/risk ratio, rituximab used off-label may remain a valid option for treating persistent or chronic ITP in adults. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NC1101295.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Causas de Morte , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/epidemiologia , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Clin Oncol ; 31(34): 4333-42, 2013 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24166518

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Group for Research in Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GRAALL) recently reported a significantly better outcome in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) harboring NOTCH1 and/or FBXW7 (N/F) mutations compared with unmutated T-ALL. Despite this, one third of patients with N/F-mutated T-ALL experienced relapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a series of 212 adult T-ALLs included in the multicenter randomized GRAALL-2003 and -2005 trials, we searched for additional N/K-RAS mutations and PTEN defects (mutations and gene deletion). RESULTS: N/F mutations were identified in 143 (67%) of 212 patients, and lack of N/F mutation was confirmed to be associated with a poor prognosis. K-RAS, N-RAS, and PTEN mutations/deletions were identified in three (1.6%) of 191, 17 (8.9%) of 191, and 21 (12%) of 175 patients, respectively. The favorable prognostic significance of N/F mutations was restricted to patients without RAS/PTEN abnormalities. These observations led us to propose a new T-ALL oncogenetic classifier defining low-risk patients as those with N/F mutation but no RAS/PTEN mutation (97 of 189 patients; 51%) and all other patients (49%; including 13% with N/F and RAS/PTEN mutations) as high-risk patients. In multivariable analysis, this oncogenetic classifier remained the only significant prognostic covariate (event-free survival: hazard ratio [HR], 3.2; 95% CI, 1.9 to 5.15; P < .001; and overall survival: HR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.9 to 5.6; P < .001). CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that the presence of N/F mutations in the absence of RAS or PTEN abnormalities predicts good outcome in almost 50% of adult T-ALL. Conversely, the absence of N/F or presence of RAS/PTEN alterations identifies the remaining cohort of patients with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Proteínas F-Box/genética , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Deleção de Genes , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Proteínas ras/genética , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Proteína 7 com Repetições F-Box-WD , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Fenótipo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/classificação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras) , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Br J Haematol ; 162(4): 489-97, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23772757

RESUMO

In tumour lysis syndrome (TLS), metabolic alterations caused by the destruction of malignant cells manifest as laboratory abnormalities with (clinical TLS) or without (laboratory TLS) organ dysfunction. This prospective multicentre cohort study included 153 consecutive patients with malignancies at high risk for TLS (median age 54 years (interquartile range, 38-66). Underlying malignancies were acute leukaemia (58%), aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (29.5%), and Burkitt leukaemia/lymphoma (12.5%). Laboratory TLS developed in 17 (11.1%) patients and clinical TLS with acute kidney injury (AKI) in 30 (19.6%) patients. After adjustment for confounders, admission phosphates level (odds ratio [OR] per mmol/l, 5.3; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.5-18.3), lactic dehydrogenase (OR per x normal, 1.1; 95%CI, 1.005-1.25), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (OR, 4.1; 95%CI, 1.4-12.3) were associated with clinical TLS; and TLS was associated with day-90 mortality (OR, 2.45; 95%CI, 1.09-5.50; P = 0.03). In this study, TLS occurred in 30.7% of high-risk patients. One third of all patients experienced AKI, for which TLS was an independent risk factor. TLS was associated with increased mortality, indicating a need for interventional studies aimed at decreasing early TLS-related deaths in this setting.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperfosfatemia/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Lise Tumoral/epidemiologia , Urato Oxidase/uso terapêutico , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Alopurinol/administração & dosagem , Alopurinol/uso terapêutico , Bicarbonatos/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hidratação , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Humanos , Hiperfosfatemia/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Terapia de Substituição Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Carga Tumoral , Síndrome de Lise Tumoral/sangue , Síndrome de Lise Tumoral/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Lise Tumoral/etiologia , Urato Oxidase/administração & dosagem
13.
Am J Hematol ; 87(12): 1052-6, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22911473

RESUMO

The choice of postremission therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients is now based on the blasts' cytogenetic and molecular profile. However, the potential benefit of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) according to the NPM1/FLT3-ITD status has been poorly studied in AML patients with a normal karyotype (NK). Therefore, we evaluated the NPM1/FLT3-ITD molecular status in 135 NK-AML patients treated by allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT), auto-HSCT, or chemotherapy as consolidation therapy within the GOELAMS LAM-2001 trial. In univariate analyzes, 4-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly higher for NPM1+/FLT3-ITD- patients compared with patients presenting another molecular profile (61 vs. 43% and 72 vs. 48%, P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively). In the NPM1+/FLT3-ITD- subgroup, there was no benefit for allo-HSCT or auto-HSCT vs. chemotherapy (4-year LFS: 71, 56, and 60%; 4-year OS: 73, 71, and 60%, respectively; P = NS). For patients with other NPM1/FLT3-ITD molecular profiles, allo-HSCT was found to be the best consolidation therapy, whereas auto-HSCT was associated with a better outcome when compared with chemotherapy (allo-HSCT-, auto-HSCT-, and chemotherapy-related 4-year LFS: 68, 44, and 36%, P = 0.004; 4-year OS: 68, 52, and 29%, respectively, P = 0.02). Our study indicates that allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT provide similar outcomes compared with chemotherapy as consolidation for NPM1+/FLT3-ITD- NK-AML patients. For NK-AML patients with an adverse molecular profile, auto-HSCT could represent an alternative therapeutic approach when no human leukocyte antigen-matched allogeneic donor is available.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/cirurgia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Citogenética , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/metabolismo
14.
Haematologica ; 96(2): 245-52, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20971822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the elderly is poor. The GRAALL-SA1 phase II, randomized trial compared the efficacy and toxicity of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin versus continuous-infusion doxorubicin in patients 55 years or older with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty patients received either continuous-infusion doxorubicin (12 mg/m(2)/day) and continuous-infusion vincristine (0.4 mg/day) on days 1-4 or pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (40 mg/m(2)) and standard vincristine (2 mg) on day 1, accompanied by dexamethasone, followed at day 28 by a second cycle, reinforced by cyclophosphamide. End-points were safety, outcome and prognostic factors. RESULTS: Myelosuppression was reduced in the pegylated liposomal doxorubicin arm with shorter severe neutropenia (P=0.05), shorter severe thrombocytopenia (P=0.03), and fewer red blood cell transfusions (P=0.04). Grade 3/4 infections and Gram-negative bacteremia were reduced in the pegylated liposomal doxorubicin arm (P=0.04 and P=0.02, respectively). There was a trend towards fewer cardiac events among the patients who received pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (1/29 versus 6/31). The complete remission rate was 82% and, with a median follow-up of 4 years, median event-free survival and overall survival were 9 and 10 months, respectively. Despite the better tolerance of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, no differences in survival were observed between the two arms, due to trends towards more induction refractoriness (17 versus 3%, P=0.10) and a higher cumulative incidence of relapse (52% versus 32% at 2 years, P=0.20) in the pegylated liposomal doxorubicin arm. CONCLUSIONS: With the drug schedules used in this study, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin did not improve the outcome of elderly patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia despite reduced toxicities.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Lipossomos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
15.
Haematologica ; 94(12): 1691-7, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19850901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although widely recommended, cryopreservation of sperm is sometimes not performed for patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma because of presumed poor sperm quality related to the disease. We investigated sperm quality and factors determining it in untreated patients with early stage Hodgkin's lymphoma. DESIGN AND METHODS: Of 2362 males who participated in EORTC H6-H9 trials, 474 (20%) had data available. Sperm quality was defined according to World Health Organization guidelines. Determining factors were studied by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The median sperm concentration was 40x10(6)/mL (range, 0-345x10(6)/mL) and the median motility 50% (range, 0-90%). Sperm quality was good (concentration >or=20x10(6)/mL and motility >or=50%), intermediate (concentration >or=5x10(6)/mL) and poor (concentration <5x10(6)/mL but >0) in 41%, 49% and 7% of patients, respectively. Three percent of the patients were azoospermic. No relation was found between sperm quality and age or clinical stage of the Hodgkin's lymphoma, but B-symptoms and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate predicted poor sperm quality. The odds ratios for the association of poor sperm quality with the variables examined were: presence of B-symptoms, 2.77 (95% CI, 1.50-5.12; p=0.001); erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 50 mm/h or greater, 2.35 (95% CI, 1.24-4.43; p=0.009); fever, 3.22 (95% CI, 1.41-7.33; p=0.005), and night sweats, 3.78 (95% CI, 1.97-7.26; p<0.001). There was no relation between sperm quality and pre-treatment follicle stimulating hormone level. CONCLUSIONS: In this large study of males with Hodgkin's lymphoma, 90% had good or intermediate sperm quality. Three percent were azoospermic. There was an association between sperm quality and the presence or absence of B-symptoms, in particular fever and night sweats. With modern fertilization techniques, in most patients with early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma sperm quality before treatment is good enough for future fatherhood.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Azoospermia/complicações , Azoospermia/metabolismo , Azoospermia/patologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Febre/complicações , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/complicações , Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Espermatozoides/patologia , Perda de Peso , Adulto Jovem
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