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1.
Neurocase ; : 1-6, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771445

RESUMO

Huntington's disease (HD) is a devastating illness, associated with progressive motor, behavioral and cognitive dysfunctions. However, some studies emphasized that social cognition impairment could occur prior to the onset of these other symptoms. Here, we report the case of a 47 years old patient with early manifest HD, whose complaint was mainly related to the behavioral sphere. He exhibited a significant impairment of Theory of Mind abilities as well as behavioral, and discrete motor symptoms without noticeable cognitive decline. This case study suggests that social cognition impairments and behavioral changes could be in some cases a feature of the disease and may represent a major disability, in early stages of manifest HD.

2.
Genet Med ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders. We sought to delineate the clinical, molecular, and neuroimaging spectrum of a novel neurodevelopmental disorder caused by variants in the zinc finger protein 292 gene (ZNF292). METHODS: We ascertained a cohort of 28 families with ID due to putatively pathogenic ZNF292 variants that were identified via targeted and exome sequencing. Available data were analyzed to characterize the canonical phenotype and examine genotype-phenotype relationships. RESULTS: Probands presented with ID as well as a spectrum of neurodevelopmental features including ASD, among others. All ZNF292 variants were de novo, except in one family with dominant inheritance. ZNF292 encodes a highly conserved zinc finger protein that acts as a transcription factor and is highly expressed in the developing human brain supporting its critical role in neurodevelopment. CONCLUSION: De novo and dominantly inherited variants in ZNF292 are associated with a range of neurodevelopmental features including ID and ASD. The clinical spectrum is broad, and most individuals present with mild to moderate ID with or without other syndromic features. Our results suggest that variants in ZNF292 are likely a recurrent cause of a neurodevelopmental disorder manifesting as ID with or without ASD.

3.
Exp Neurol ; 323: 113069, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655048

RESUMO

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a common inherited peripheral neuropathy. The CMT2K axonal form is associated with GDAP1 dominant mutations, which according to the affected domain cause a gradient of severity. Indeed, the p.C240Y mutation, located within GDAP1 glutathione S-transferase (GST) domain and associated to a mitochondrial complex I defect, is related to a faster disease progression, compared to other mutations, such as the p.R120W located outside the GST domain. Here, we analysed the pathophysiology of six CMT2K fibroblast cell lines, carrying either the p.C240Y or p.R120W mutations. We show that complex I deficiency leads to a redox potential alteration and a significant reduction of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression, a major deacetylase sensitive to the cellular redox state, and NRF1 the downstream target of SIRT1. In addition, we disclosed that the p.C240Y mutation is associated with a greater mitochondrial oxidative stress than the p.R120W mutation. Moreover, complex I activity is further restored in CMT2K mutant cell lines exposed to resveratrol. Together, these results suggest that the reduction of oxidative stress may constitute a promising therapeutic strategy for CMT2K.

4.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-4, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510824

RESUMO

Desbuquois dysplasia is a very severe and sometimes lethal form of osteochondrodysplasia characterized by prenatal onset of severe micromelic short stature, joint laxity with multiple joint dislocations, specific radiographic features, and facial dysmorphism. Here, we report a case for which whole exome sequencing allowed early prenatal diagnosis of Desbuquois dysplasia before the detection of characteristic ultrasound signs of the disease.

5.
Prog Neurobiol ; : 101698, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557505

RESUMO

The development of personalized medicine according to gender calls for the integration of sexual dimorphism in pre-clinical models of diseases. Although sexual dimorphism in the brain of the mouse has been the subject of several behavioral, neuroimaging and experimental studies, very few have characterized the bases of sexual dimorphism in the brain on the omics scale. In particular, physiological variations in metabolomic and lipidomic terms related to gender have not been mapped in the brain. We carried out a metabolomic analysis, targeting 188 metabolites representative of various cellular structures and metabolisms, in three brain regions: frontal cortex, brain stem and cerebellum, in 3-month-old C57BL-6 J male (n = 20) vs. female (n = 20) mice. Our results demonstrate the existence of sexual dimorphism in the whole brain as well as in separate brain regions. Half of the 129 accurately measured metabolites were involved in the sexual dimorphism of the murine brain, but only 8% of those (hydroxyproline, creatinine, hexoses, tryptophan, threonine and lysoPC.a.C18.2) were involved in common in the three cerebral regions, while 71%, including phosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylcholines, sphingomyelins, acylcarnitines, amino acids, biogenic amines, and polyamines, were specific to only one region of the brain, underscoring the highly regional specificity of cerebral sexual dimorphism in mice.

6.
Clin Genet ; 96(4): 354-358, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290144

RESUMO

TTI2 (MIM 614126) has been described as responsible for autosomal recessive intellectual disability (ID; MRT39, MIM:615541) in only two inbred families. Here, we give an account of two individuals from two unrelated outbred families harbouring compound heterozygous TTI2 pathogenic variants. Together with severe ID, progressive microcephaly, scoliosis and sleeping disorder are the most striking features in the two individuals concerned. TTI2, together with TTI1 and TELO2, encode proteins that constitute the triple T heterotrimeric complex. This TTT complex interacts with the HSP90 and R2TP to form a super-complex that has a chaperone function stabilising and maturing a number of kinases, such as ataxia-telangiectasia mutated and mechanistic target of rapamycin, which are key regulators of cell proliferation and genome maintenance. Pathogenic variants in TTI2 logically result in a phenotype close to that caused by TELO2 variants.

7.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(7): 2509-2514, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185090

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the plasma concentration of nicotinamide in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: Plasma of 34 POAG individuals was compared to that of 30 age- and sex-matched controls using a semiquantitative method based on liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry. Subsequently, an independent quantitative method, based on liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, was used to assess nicotinamide concentration in the plasma from the same initial cohort and from a replicative cohort of 20 POAG individuals and 15 controls. Results: Using the semiquantitative method, the plasma nicotinamide concentration was significantly lower in the initial cohort of POAG individuals compared to controls and further confirmed in the same cohort, using the targeted quantitative method, with mean concentrations of 0.14 µM (median: 0.12 µM; range, 0.06-0.28 µM) in the POAG group (-30%; P = 0.022) and 0.19 µM (median: 0.18 µM; range, 0.08-0.47 µM) in the control group. The quantitative dosage also disclosed a significantly lower plasma nicotinamide concentration (-33%; P = 0.011) in the replicative cohort with mean concentrations of 0.14 µM (median: 0.14 µM; range, 0.09-0.25 µM) in the POAG group, and 0.19 µM (median: 0.21 µM; range, 0.09-0.26 µM) in the control group. Conclusions: Glaucoma is associated with lower plasmatic nicotinamide levels, compared to controls, suggesting that nicotinamide supplementation might become a future therapeutic strategy. Further studies are needed, in larger cohorts, to confirm these preliminary findings.

8.
Genet Med ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239556

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pathogenic variants in the chromatin organizer CTCF were previously reported in seven individuals with a neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD). METHODS: Through international collaboration we collected data from 39 subjects with variants in CTCF. We performed transcriptome analysis on RNA from blood samples and utilized Drosophila melanogaster to investigate the impact of Ctcf dosage alteration on nervous system development and function. RESULTS: The individuals in our cohort carried 2 deletions, 8 likely gene-disruptive, 2 splice-site, and 20 different missense variants, most of them de novo. Two cases were familial. The associated phenotype was of variable severity extending from mild developmental delay or normal IQ to severe intellectual disability. Feeding difficulties and behavioral abnormalities were common, and variable other findings including growth restriction and cardiac defects were observed. RNA-sequencing in five individuals identified 3828 deregulated genes enriched for known NDD genes and biological processes such as transcriptional regulation. Ctcf dosage alteration in Drosophila resulted in impaired gross neurological functioning and learning and memory deficits. CONCLUSION: We significantly broaden the mutational and clinical spectrum of CTCF-associated NDDs. Our data shed light onto the functional role of CTCF by identifying deregulated genes and show that Ctcf alterations result in nervous system defects in Drosophila.

9.
J Proteome Res ; 18(7): 2779-2790, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199663

RESUMO

OPA1 is a dynamin GTPase implicated in mitochondrial membrane fusion. Despite its involvement in lipid remodeling, the function of OPA1 has never been analyzed by whole-cell lipidomics. We used a nontargeted, reversed-phase lipidomics approach, validated for cell cultures, to investigate OPA1-inactivated mouse embryonic fibroblasts ( Opa1 -/- MEFs). This led to the identification of a wide range of 14 different lipid subclasses comprising 212 accurately detected lipids. Multivariate and univariate statistical analyses were then carried out to assess the differences between the Opa1 -/- and Opa1 +/+ genotypes. Of the 212 lipids identified, 69 were found to discriminate between Opa1 -/- MEFs and Opa1 +/+ MEFs. Among these lipids, 34 were triglycerides, all of which were at higher levels in Opa1 -/- MEFs with fold changes ranging from 3.60 to 17.93. Cell imaging with labeled fatty acids revealed a sharp alteration of the fatty acid flux with a reduced mitochondrial uptake. The other 35 discriminating lipids included phosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylethanolamine, and sphingomyelins, mainly involved in membrane remodeling, and ceramides, gangliosides, and phosphatidylinositols, mainly involved in apoptotic cell signaling. Our results show that the inactivation of OPA1 severely affects the mitochondrial uptake of fatty acids and lipids through membrane remodeling and apoptotic cell signaling.

10.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1865(9): 2475-2489, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121247

RESUMO

Due to its pivotal role in NADH oxidation and ATP synthesis, mitochondrial complex I (CI) emerged as a crucial regulator of cellular metabolism. A functional CI relies on the sequential assembly of nuclear- and mtDNA-encoded subunits; however, whether CI assembly status is involved in the metabolic adaptations in CI deficiency still remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the relationship between CI functions, its structure and the cellular metabolism in 29 patient fibroblasts representative of most CI mitochondrial diseases. Our results show that, contrary to the generally accepted view, a complex I deficiency does not necessarily lead to a glycolytic switch, i.e. the so-called Warburg effect, but that this particular metabolic adaptation is a feature of CI assembly defect. By contrast, a CI functional defect without disassembly induces a higher catabolism to sustain the oxidative metabolism. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that reactive oxygen species overproduction by CI assembly intermediates and subsequent AMPK-dependent Pyruvate Dehydrogenase inactivation are key players of this metabolic reprogramming. Thus, this study provides a two-way-model of metabolic responses to CI deficiencies that are central not only in defining therapeutic strategies for mitochondrial diseases, but also in all pathophysiological conditions involving a CI deficiency.

11.
Hum Mutat ; 40(7): 839-841, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30977936

RESUMO

The pLI score reflects the tolerance of a given gene to the loss of function on the basis of the number of protein truncating variants, that is, the frameshift, splice donor, splice acceptor, and stop-gain variants referenced for this gene in control databases weighted by the size of the gene and the sequencing coverage. It is frequently used to prioritize candidate genes when analyzing whole exome or whole genome data. We list here the main pitfalls to consider before using this score. Concrete illustrations are given for each of these pitfalls.

12.
Hum Mutat ; 40(6): 765-787, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825406

RESUMO

Inherited retinal disorders (IRD) represent clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases. To date, pathogenic variants have been identified in ~260 genes. Albeit that many genes are implicated in IRD, for 30-50% of the cases, the gene defect is unknown. These cases may be explained by novel gene defects, by overlooked structural variants, by variants in intronic, promoter or more distant regulatory regions, and represent synonymous variants of known genes contributing to the dysfunction of the respective proteins. Patients with one subgroup of IRD, namely incomplete congenital stationary night blindness (icCSNB), show a very specific phenotype. The major cause of this condition is the presence of a hemizygous pathogenic variant in CACNA1F. A comprehensive study applying direct Sanger sequencing of the gene-coding regions, exome and genome sequencing applied to a large cohort of patients with a clinical diagnosis of icCSNB revealed indeed that seven of the 189 CACNA1F-related cases have intronic and synonymous disease-causing variants leading to missplicing as validated by minigene approaches. These findings highlight that gene-locus sequencing may be a very efficient method in detecting disease-causing variants in clinically well-characterized patients with a diagnosis of IRD, like icCSNB.

13.
J Proteome Res ; 18(3): 1307-1315, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30701980

RESUMO

We compared the metabolomic profile of aqueous humor from patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG; n = 26) with that of a group of age- and sex-matched non-POAG controls (n = 26), all participants undergoing cataract surgery. Supervised paired partial least-squares discriminant analysis showed good predictive performance for test sets with a median area under the receiver operating characteristic of 0.89 and a p-value of 0.0087. Twenty-three metabolites allowed discrimination between the two groups. Univariate analysis after the Benjamini-Hochberg correction showed significant differences for 13 of these metabolites. The POAG metabolomic signature indicated reduced concentrations of taurine and spermine and increased concentrations of creatinine, carnitine, three short-chain acylcarnitines, 7 amino acids (glutamine, glycine, alanine, leucine, isoleucine, hydroxyl-proline, and acetyl-ornithine), 7 phosphatidylcholines, one lysophosphatidylcholine, and one sphingomyelin. This suggests an alteration of metabolites involved in osmoprotection (taurine and creatinine), neuroprotection (spermine, taurine, and carnitine), amino acid metabolism (7 amino acids and three acylcarnitines), and the remodeling of cell membranes drained by the aqueous humor (hydroxyproline and phospholipids). Five of these metabolic alterations, already reported in POAG plasma, concern spermine, C3 and C4 acylcarnitines, PC aa 34:2, and PC aa 36:4, thus highlighting their importance in the pathogenesis of glaucoma.

14.
Genet Med ; 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30393377

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Accurate detection of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations is essential for the diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases. The development of high-throughput sequencing technologies has enhanced the detection sensitivity of mtDNA pathogenic variants, but the detection of mtDNA rearrangements, especially multiple deletions, is still poorly processed. Here, we present eKLIPse, a sensitive and specific tool allowing the detection and quantification of large mtDNA rearrangements from single and paired-end sequencing data. METHODS: The methodology was first validated using a set of simulated data to assess the detection sensitivity and specificity, and second with a series of sequencing data from mitochondrial disease patients carrying either single or multiple deletions, related to pathogenic variants in nuclear genes involved in mtDNA maintenance. RESULTS: eKLIPse provides the precise breakpoint positions and the cumulated percentage of mtDNA rearrangements at a given gene location with a detection sensitivity lower than 0.5% mutant. eKLIPse software is available either as a script to be integrated in a bioinformatics pipeline, or as user-friendly graphical interface to visualize the results through a Circos representation ( https://github.com/dooguypapua/eKLIPse ). CONCLUSION: Thus, eKLIPse represents a useful resource to study the causes and consequences of mtDNA rearrangements, for further genotype/phenotype correlations in mitochondrial disorders.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30383237

RESUMO

Issue: To report a homozygous pathogenic variant in PCSK1 in a boy affected with proprotein convertase 1/3 (PC1/3) deficiency. Case description and literature review: A male infant born to consanguineous Turkish parents presented in the first week of life with transient central diabetes insipidus, watery diarrhea, micropenis due to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and GH deficiency, and transient asymptomatic hypoglycemia. Further endocrine defects gradually appeared, including central hypothyroidism and mild central hypocortisolism (at 1 yr), central diabetes insipidus that reappeared progressively (at 2.5 yr), and obesity (at 2 yr). Whole exome sequencing revealed a homozygous nonsense pathogenic variant (NM_000439.4) c. 595 C>T in exon 5 of PCSK1, not yet reported in cases of proprotein convertase 1/3 (PC1/3) deficiency. To date, 26 cases of PC1/3 deficiency have been reported in the literature. All individuals had early and severe malabsorptive diarrhea and 83% had polyuria-polydipsia syndrome (before 5 yr). Most (79%) had early-onset obesity. Various endocrine disorders were present, including growth hormone deficiency (44%), mild central hypothyroidism (56%), central hypogonadism (44%), central hypocortisolism (57%), and postprandial hypoglycemia (52%). When described (n=15), proinsulin levels were consistently high: between 8 and 154 times the upper limit of normal (mean 74). Conclusion: We described a homozygous nonsense pathogenic variant (NM_000439.4) c. 595 C>T in exon 5 of PCSK1 in a boy with congenital proprotein convertase 1/3 deficiency. Elevated proinsulin could be useful in the diagnosis of this condition.

16.
Clin Chim Acta ; 488: 104-110, 2018 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30395865

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mitochondrial diseases are a group of disorders caused mainly by the impairment of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation process, due to mutations either in the mitochondrial or nuclear genome. Among them, the mitochondrial neuro-gastrointestinal encephalo-myopathy (MNGIE) syndrome affects adolescents or young adults, and is mostly caused by TYMP mutations encoding a cytosolic thymidine phosphorylase (TP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study reports the molecular investigation by next-generation re-sequencing of 281 nuclear genes, encoding mitochondrial proteins, of consanguineous family including two individuals with MNGIE syndrome associated to optic atrophy. Bioinformatic analysis was also performed in addition to mtDNA deletion screening and mtDNA copy number quantification in blood of the two patients which were carried out by solf clipping program and qPCR respectively. RESULTS: Next-generation re-sequencing revealed a novel homozygous c.2391G > T POLG mutation (p.M797I) co-occurring with the hypomorphic c.1311A > G OPA1 variant (p.I437M). Analysis of the mitochondrial genome in the two patients disclosed mtDNA depletion in blood, but no deletion. Bio-informatics investigations supported the pathogenicity of the novel POLG mutation that is located in the C-terminal subdomain and might change POLG 3D structure, stability and function. CONCLUSION: The novel homozygous p.M797I POLG mutation is responsible for MNGIE combined to optic atrophy and mtDNA depletion in the two patients.

17.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472488

RESUMO

The SPECC1L protein plays a role in adherens junctions involved in cell adhesion, actin cytoskeleton organization, microtubule stabilization, spindle organization and cytokinesis. It modulates PI3K-AKT signaling and controls cranial neural crest cell delamination during facial morphogenesis. SPECC1L causative variants were first identified in individuals with oblique facial clefts. Recently, causative variants in SPECC1L were reported in a pedigree reported in 1988 as atypical Opitz GBBB syndrome. Six families with SPECC1L variants have been reported thus far. We report here eight further pedigrees with SPECC1L variants, including a three-generation family, and a further individual of a previously published family. We discuss the nosology of Teebi and GBBB, and the syndromes related to SPECC1L variants. Although the phenotype of individuals with SPECC1L mutations shows overlap with Opitz syndrome in its craniofacial anomalies, the canonical laryngeal malformations and male genital anomalies are not observed. Instead, individuals with SPECCL1 variants have branchial fistulae, omphalocele, diaphragmatic hernias, and uterus didelphis. We also point to the clinical overlap of SPECC1L syndrome with mild Baraitser-Winter craniofrontofacial syndrome: they share similar dysmorphic features (wide, short nose with a large tip, cleft lip and palate, blepharoptosis, retrognathia, and craniosynostosis), although intellectual disability, neuronal migration defect, and muscular problems remain largely specific to Baraitser-Winter syndrome. In conclusion, we suggest that patients with pathogenic variants in SPECC1L should not be described as "dominant (or type 2) Opitz GBBB syndrome", and instead should be referred to as "SPECC1L syndrome" as both disorders show distinctive, non overlapping developmental anomalies beyond facial communalities.

18.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472657

RESUMO

AIM: Oculocutaneous albinism type 1 (OCA1) is due to TYR mutations. c.1205G>A/p.Arg402Gln (R402Q) is a thermosensitive variant of the TYR gene that has been reported to be responsible for mild forms of OCA1. The aim of our study was to define the phenotype associated with this variant. METHODS: In our retrospective series, among 268 patients diagnosed with OCA1, 122 (45.5%) harboured one pathogenic variant of TYR, and the R402Q variant ensured to be in trans by segregation analysis in 69 patients (25.7%), constituting the 'R402Q-OCA1' group. 146 patients harboured two pathogenic variants of the TYR gene other than R402Q. Clinical records were available for 119 of them, constituting the 'Classical-OCA1' group. RESULTS: Most R402Q-OCA1 patients presented with white or yellow-white hair at birth (71.43%), blond hair later (46.97%), a light phototype but with residual pigmentation (69.64%), and blue eyes (76.56%). Their pigmentation was significantly higher than in the classical-OCA1 group. All patients from the R402Q-OCA1 group presented with ocular features of albinism. However the prevalence of photophobia (78.13%) and iris transillumination (83.87%) and the severity scores of iris transillumination, retinal hypopigmentation and foveal hypoplasia were lower in the R402Q-OCA1 group. Visual acuity was higher in the R402Q-OCA1 group (0.38±0.21 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution vs 0.76±0.24). Investigations concerning a possible additive effect of the c.575C>A/p.Ser192 (S192Y) variant of TYR in cis with R402Q, suggested by others, showed no significant impact on the phenotype. CONCLUSION: The R402Q variant leads to variable but generally mild forms of albinism whose less typical presentation may lead to underdiagnosis.

19.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 59(11): 4355-4361, 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193307

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine the plasma metabolomic signature of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: We compared the metabolomic profiles of plasma from individuals with POAG (n = 36) with age- and sex-matched controls with cataract (n = 27). A targeted metabolomics study was performed using the standardized p180 Biocrates Absolute IDQ p180 kit with a QTRAP 5500 mass spectrometer. Multivariate analyses were performed using principal component analysis (PCA) and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method. Results: Among the 151 metabolites accurately measured, combined univariate and multivariate analyses revealed 18 discriminant metabolites belonging to the carbohydrate, acyl-carnitine, phosphatidylcholine, amino acids, and polyamine families. The metabolomic signature of POAG points to three closely interdependent pathophysiologic conditions; that is, defective mitochondrial oxidation of energetic substrates, altered metabolism resembling that observed in senescence, and a deficiency in spermidine and spermine, both polyamines being involved in the protection of retinal ganglion cells. Conclusions: Our results highlight a systemic and age-related mitochondrial defect in the pathogenesis of POAG.

20.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11528, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30068998

RESUMO

OPA1 (Optic Atrophy 1) is a multi-isoform dynamin GTPase involved in the regulation of mitochondrial fusion and organization of the cristae structure of the mitochondrial inner membrane. Pathogenic OPA1 variants lead to a large spectrum of disorders associated with visual impairment due to optic nerve neuropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolomic consequences of complete OPA1 disruption in Opa1-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) compared to their Opa1+/+ counterparts. Our non-targeted metabolomics approach revealed significant modifications of the concentration of several mitochondrial substrates, i.e. a decrease of aspartate, glutamate and α-ketoglutaric acid, and an increase of asparagine, glutamine and adenosine-5'-monophosphate, all related to aspartate metabolism. The signature further highlighted the altered metabolism of nucleotides and NAD together with deficient mitochondrial bioenergetics, reflected by the decrease of creatine/creatine phosphate and pantothenic acid, and the increase in pyruvate and glutathione. Interestingly, we recently reported significant variations of five of these molecules, including aspartate and glutamate, in the plasma of individuals carrying pathogenic OPA1 variants. Our findings show that the disruption of OPA1 leads to a remodelling of bioenergetic pathways with the central role being played by aspartate and related metabolites.

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