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Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593288


Late and moderately preterm infants, born between 32+0/7 and 36+6/7 gestational weeks, comprise more than 80 % of all preterm infants and account for almost 40 % of all days of neonatal care. While their total number of days of care has not changed, an increasing part of their neonatal stay (from 29 % in 2011 to 41 % in 2017) is now within home care programmes. Late and moderate preterm birth is often complicated by respiratory disorders, hyperbilirubinemia, hypothermia and feeding difficulties. These infants also have an increased risk of perinatal death and neurologic complications. In the long run, they have higher risks of cognitive impairment, neuropsychiatric diagnoses and need for asthma medication. As young adults, they have a lower educational level and a lower average salary than their full-term counterparts. They also have an increased risk of long-term sick leave, disability pension and need for economic assistance from society.

Nascimento Prematuro , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Educação Especial/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Tempo de Internação , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/economia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/mortalidade , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Tempo
Acta Paediatr ; 2018 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575302


AIM: We studied the impact of maternal and pregnancy-related conditions and the effect of gestational age itself, on the health of infants born late preterm. METHODS: Singletons born in gestational weeks 34 + 0 to 41 + 6 in 1995-2013 in the southern region of Sweden were identified from a perinatal register. We found 14 030 infants born late preterm and 294 814 born at term. A hierarchical system was developed to examine the impact of pregnancy complications. The outcomes studied were as follows: neonatal death, central nervous system (CNS) or respiratory disease, infection, neonatal admission and respiratory support. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were obtained using logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Late preterm infants were at increased risk for all outcomes compared to term infants, with adjusted ORs from 13.1 (95% CI: 12.7-13.6) for neonatal admission to 2.3 (95% CI: 1.8-2.9) for infections. Late preterm birth after preterm prelabour rupture of membranes was associated with an overall lower risk compared to late preterm births due to other causes. Exposure to antepartum haemorrhage or maternal diabetes increased the risk for CNS and respiratory morbidity. CONCLUSION: Morbidity decreased in late preterm infants with increasing gestational age. Underlying conditions accounted for a substantial part of the morbidity.