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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207201

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid ferroelectrics are an exciting class of molecular materials with promising applications in the area of energy and electronics. The synthesis, ferroelectric and piezoelectric energy harvesting behavior of a 3d metal ion-containing A4 BX6 type organic-inorganic hybrid salt [Ph3 MeP]4 [Ni(NCS)6 ] (1) is now presented. P-E hysteresis loop studies on 1 show a remnant ferroelectric polarization value of 18.71 µC cm-2 , at room temperature. Composite thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) devices with 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt % compositions of 1 were prepared and employed for piezoelectric energy harvesting studies. A maximum output voltage of 19.29 V and a calculated power density value of 2.51 mW cm-3 were observed for the 15 wt % 1-TPU device. The capacitor charging experiments on the 15 wt % 1-TPU composite device shows an excellent energy storage performance with the highest stored energies and measured charges of 198.8 µJ and 600 µC, respectively.

2.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916272

RESUMO

The design of porous materials for the recognition of multiple hydrocarbons is highly desirable for the energy-efficient separation and recognition of chemical feedstock. Herein, three new iso-structural porous discrete metal-organic cages of formula {[Pd3 (NiPr)3 PO]4 (R-AN)6 } (R-AN=anilate linkers) for the selective recognition of substituted aromatic hydrocarbons are reported. The tetrahedral cages 1, 2, and 3 containing anilate, chloranilate, and bromanilate linkers exhibited selective encapsulation of mesitylene, o-xylene, and p-xylene, respectively, over other analogous aromatic hydrocarbons. These selective encapsulations were driven by the variations in the portal diameters present at each of these cages and their interactions with the hydrocarbon guests. These observations are supported by mass spectrometry, NMR studies, and theoretical binding-energy calculations.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 58(22): 15017-15020, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674775

RESUMO

The separation of enantiomers is of considerable importance in the preparation of the compounds of biological interests, catalysis, and drug development. Here, we report a novel enantioseparation of styrene epoxides (SOs) resolved in the presence of a pair of enantio-enriched tetrahedral cages. Chiral neutral cages of formula [(Pd3X*)4(C6O4Cl2)6] ([X*]3- = RRR- or SSS-[PO(N(*CH(CH3)Ph)3]3-) are constructed from Pd3 building units supported by tris(imido)phosphate trianions and chloranilate linkers. These cages exhibit considerable enantioselective separation capabilities toward a series of styrene epoxides via a crystallization inclusion method. A highest enantiomeric excess (ee) value of up to 80% is achieved for the (R)-4-fluorostyrene oxide.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(87): 13156-13159, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617513

RESUMO

A self-assembled M6L8 type cage-connected 1D-coordination network of formula {[Ni6(MeSi(3py)3)8Cl9(H2O)2]Cl3·16H2O}∞ (1) was obtained from a 3-pyridyl substituted silane ligand MeSi(3py)3. This complex shows significantly high performance for the electrocatalytic and photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in water. A maximum turnover number (TON) of 2824 has been observed for photocatalytic HER after 69 h.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(65): 9610-9613, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317974

RESUMO

Traditionally, lead and heavy metal containing inorganic oxides dominate the area of ferroelectricity. Although, recently, lightweight non-toxic organic ferroelectrics have emerged as excellent alternatives, achieving higher temperature up to which the ferroelectric phase can persist has remained a challenge. Moreover, only a few of those are single-component molecular ferroelectrics and were discovered upon revisiting their crystal structures. Here we report a novel phenanthroimidazole derivative, which not only displays notable spontaneous and highly stable remnant polarizations with a low coercive field but also retains its ferroelectric phase up to a record-high temperature of ∼521 K. Subsequently, the crystal undergoes phase transition to form non-polar and centrosymmetric polymorphs, the first study of its kind in a single-component ferroelectric crystal. Moreover, the compound exhibits a significantly high thermal stability. Given the excellent figures-of-merit for ferroelectricity, this material is likely to find potential applications in microelectronic devices pertaining to non-volatile memory.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 48(21): 7331-7336, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30839960

RESUMO

Molecular ferroelectric materials are an exciting class of materials for potential applications in energy and electronics. Herein, we report examples of hydrogen-bonded binary salts of diphenyl diisopropylamino phosphonium halides [Ph2(iPrNH)2P]·X [DPDP·X, X = Cl, Br, I] which show dielectric, piezoelectric and NLO properties and some potentially ferroelectric attributes at room temperature. The phosphonium bromide salt was prepared by bromination of the phosphine precursor Ph2PCl and its subsequent treatment with isopropyl amine. The chloride and iodide salts were synthesized by the halogen exchange reaction of the bromide salt. The variable temperature single crystal X-ray analysis indicates the retention of the polar non-centrosymmetric phase of these materials for a wide range of temperatures from 100 to 400 K and above. All these assemblies were shown to exhibit 1D H-bonded chain structures along the crystallographic b-axis. The P-E loop measurements of these salts gave curves similar to those of non-linear leaky dielectric materials. However, the vertical piezoresponse force microscopy (V-PFM) analyses showed the existence of polarizable domain inversions indicating the possibility of ferroelectric behaviour in these materials. The temperature dependent dielectric measurements on these salts support the absence of phase transition temperatures in these assemblies. Also, bias-dependent PFM studies reveal their piezoelectric nature as the obtained converse piezoelectric coefficients are consistent with the d33 values obtained by the direct quasi-static methods.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 47(41): 14411-14415, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30256354

RESUMO

Herein we report two different reactivity modes of lithium(aryl)(boryl)amide, 4, when it is reacted with chlorosilanes such as SiCl4 and MeSiHCl2, and chlorophosphine, Ph2PCl. Thus, the reaction of lithium(aryl)(boryl)amide, 4, with MeSiHCl2 leads exclusively to an N-substitution product, 6. On the other hand, the reaction of 4 with SiCl4 and Ph2PCl proceeds completely differently affording exclusively p-aryl-C-substitution products, 5 and 7, respectively.

8.
Chemistry ; 24(55): 14639-14643, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30063810

RESUMO

Designing molecular crystals with switchable dipoles for ferroelectric applications is challenging and often serendipitous. Herein, we show a systematic approach toward hierarchical 1D, 2D and 3D frameworks that are assembled through successive linkage of metal-organic cages [Cu6 (H2 O)12 (TPTA)8 ]12+ with chloride ions. Their ferroelectric properties are due to the displacement of channel-bound nitrate counterions and solvated water molecules relative to the framework of cages. Ferroelectric measurements of crystals of discrete and 1D-framework assemblies showed axial ferroelectric anisotropy with high remnant polarisation. Both, the reversible formation of cage-connected networks and the observation of ferroelectric anisotropic behaviour are rare among metal-ligand cage assemblies.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(29): 9054-9058, 2018 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29851252

RESUMO

A new binary organic salt diphenyl diisopropylamino phosphonium hexaflurophosphate (DPDP⋅PF6 ) was shown to exhibit a good ferroelectric response and employed for mechanical energy harvesting application. The phosphonium salt crystallizes in the monoclinic noncentrosymmetric space group Cc and exhibits an H-bonded 1D chain structure due to N-H⋅⋅⋅F interactions. Ferroelectric measurements on the single crystals of DPDP⋅PF6 gave a well-saturated rectangular hysteresis loop with a remnant (Pr ) polarization value of 6 µC cm-2 . Further, composite devices based on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) films for various weight percentages (3, 5, 7, 10 and 20 wt %) of DPDP⋅PF6 were prepared and examined for power generation by using an impact test setup. A maximum output peak-to-peak voltage (VPP ) of 8.5 V and an output peak-to-peak current (IPP ) of 0.5 µA was obtained for the non-poled composite film with 10 wt % of DPDP⋅PF6 . These results show the efficacy of organic ferroelectric substances as potential micropower generators.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(15): 1873-1876, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29389000

RESUMO

Charge-neutral chiral hosts are attractive due to their ability to recognize a wide range of guest functionalities and support enantioselective processes. However, reports on such charge-neutral cages are very scarce in the literature. Here, we report an enantiomeric pair of tetrahedral Pd(ii) cages built from chiral tris(imido)phosphate trianions and oxalate linkers, which exhibit enantioselective separation capabilities for epichlorohydrin, ß-butyrolactone, and 3-methyl- and 3-ethyl cyclopentanone.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 56(21): 13286-13292, 2017 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29043789

RESUMO

The octahedral cage assembly [CoII6L18Cl6(H2O)6]Cl6 has been synthesized in a single-step reaction by using a polypyridyl-functionalized tripodal silane ligand. The electrochemical behavior of the cage in water exhibits the pH dependence of potential as well as catalytic current indicating the possible involvement of proton-coupled electron transfer in H2 evolution. Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution from an aqueous buffered solution gave a turnover frequency of 16 h-1. Further, this cage assembly has been explored as a photocatalyst (blue light irradiation λ 469 nm) for the evolution of H2 from water in the presence of Ru(bpy)32+ as a photosensitizer and ascorbic acid as a sacrificial electron donor. This catalytic reaction is found to be pseudo first order with a turnover frequency of 20.50 h-1.

12.
Chemistry ; 23(72): 18296-18302, 2017 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29076576

RESUMO

Structural transformations of supramolecular assemblies play an important role in the synthesis of complex metal-organic materials. Nonetheless, often little is known of the assembly pathways that lead to the final product. This work describes the conversion of cubic metal-organic polyhedra to connected-cage networks of varying topologies. The neutral cubic cage assembly of formula {Pd3 [PO(NiPr)3 ]}8 (PZDC)12 has been synthesized from {Pd3 [(NiPr)3 PO](OAc)2 (OH)}2 ⋅2 (CH3 )2 SO and 2,5-pyrazenedicarboxilic acid (PZDC-2H). This 42-component self-assembly is the largest known among the neutral cages with PdII ions. The cage contains twenty-four vacant carboxylate O-sites at the PZDC ligands that are available for further coordination. Post-assembly reactions of the cubic cage with FeII and ZnII ions produced cage-connected networks of dia and qtz topologies, respectively. During these reactions, the discrete cubic cage transforms into a network of tetrahedral cages that are bridged by the 3D metal ions. The robustness of the [Pd3 {[PO(NiPr)3 }]3+ molecular building units made it possible to map the post-assembly reactions in detail, which revealed a variety of intermediate 1D and 2D cage networks. Such step-by-step mapping of the transformation of discrete cages to cage-connected frameworks is unprecedented in the chemistry of coordination driven assemblies.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 56(19): 11762-11767, 2017 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28933539

RESUMO

A novel three-dimensional coordination network 1 in a new 4,5,6-connected topology (4,5,6T115) built from linear CuII4Cl3(H2O)2 clusters and tetrahedral tetrakis(3-pyridyl)vinylsilane ligands is reported. Utilizing a similar tetrahedral ligand, tetrakis(3-pyridyl)ethylsilane, a different framework 2 having CuII2Cl(H2O)2 clusters is obtained in tcs topology. The activated sample of 1 shows an excellent and reversible uptake of I2 in solid as well as in solution phases owing to the presence of uncoordinated chloride ions and electron rich vinylic groups in it. The I2 uptake studies on the anion-exchanged samples, of bromide, iodide, and nitrate ions, show a progressive decrease in the adsorption capacity with the sample containing uncoordinated Cl- ion showing a maximum uptake of 48.5% and the one with the NO3- ions exhibiting the lowest uptake of 24.0%. These observations suggest that the halide counterions interact better with I2 in comparison with nitrate ions and the better I2 uptake in the presence of Cl- ions over the other two halides is due to its smaller size that offers a larger surface area for adsorption. Also, both these compounds were shown to be useful catalysts for the solvent-free syntheses of bis(indolyl)methanes via Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(61): 8592-8595, 2017 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28718477

RESUMO

A facile, straightforward synthesis of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-stabilized 1-hydrosilaimine starting from a silicon(iv)-precursor is reported. It has been employed for the addition of an O-H bond of water under ambient conditions without any additional catalyst.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 55(6): 3098-104, 2016 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26958986

RESUMO

Synthesis of new cyclotetrasiloxane scaffolds containing peripherally functionalized 3-pyridyl moieties, [MeSiO(CH═CH(3)Py)]4 (L(1)) and [MeSiO(CH2CH2(3)Py)]4 (L(2)), and their reactivity studies with certain d(10) metal ions are reported. The ligand L(1) is obtained by the Heck-coupling reaction of tetramethyl tetravinyl tetrasiloxane (D4(vi)) and 3-bromopyridine in the presence of the Pd(0) catalysts. The as-synthesized ligand L(1) shows the presence of three stereoisomers, cis-trans-cis (L(1A)), cis-cis-trans (L(1B)), and all-trans (L(1C)), which are quantitatively separated by column chromatography. Subsequent reduction of L(1A), L(1B), and L(1C) with triethylsilane in the presence of catalytic amounts of Pd/C leads to the formation of the ligands L(2A), L(2B), and L(2C) with retention of stereochemistry due to the precursor moieties. Treatment of ZnI2 with L(1A) gives a one-dimensional coordination framework [(L(1A))4(ZnI2)2]∞, 1. These 1D-chains are further connected by π-π stacking interactions between the pyridyl groups of the adjacent chains leading to the formation of a three-dimensional network with the topology of a PtS net. The reaction of silver nitrate with ligand L(1B) gives a chain like one-dimensional cationic coordination polymer {[(L(1B))4Ag2]·2NO3·H2O·CH3OH }∞, 2, consisting of two different kinds of 32-membered macrocycles. Treatment of the all-trans ligand L(2C) with copper(I) iodide salt results in the formation of a cubane-type Cu4I4 cluster MOF [(L(2C))4Cu4I4]∞, 3, in a two-dimensional 4-connected uninodal sql/Shubnikov tetragonal plane net topology represented by the Schläfli symbol {4(4).6(2)}. This MOF displays a thermochromic luminescence behavior due to Cu4I4 clusters showing an orange emission at 298 K and a blue emission at 77 K.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 54(7): 3196-202, 2015 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25781912

RESUMO

A charge-neutral tetrahedral [(Pd3X)4L6] cage assembly built from a trinuclear polyhedral building unit (PBU), [Pd3X](3+), cis-blocked with an imido P(V) ligand, [(N(i)Pr)3PO](3-) (X(3-)), and oxalate dianions (L(2-)) is reported. Use of benzoate or ferrocene dicarboxylate anions, which do not offer wide-angle chelation as that of oxalate dianions, leads to smaller prismatic clusters instead of polyhedral cage assemblies. The porosity of the tetrahedral cage assembly was determined by gas adsorption studies, which show a higher uptake capacity for CO2 over N2 and H2. The tetrahedral cage was shown to encapsulate a wide range of neutral guest solvents from polar to nonpolar such as dimethyl sulfoxide, benzene, dichloromethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and cyclopentane as observed by mass spectral and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The (1)H two-dimensional diffusion ordered spectroscopy NMR analysis shows that the host and guest molecules exhibit similar diffusion coefficients in all the studied host-guest systems. Further, the tetrahedral cage shows selective binding of benzene, CCl4, and cyclopentane among other solvents from their categories as evidenced from mass spectral analysis. A preliminary density functional theory analysis gave a highest binding energy for benzene among the other solvents that were structurally shown to be encapsulated at the intrinsic cavity of the tetrahedral cage.


Assuntos
Modelos Moleculares , Paládio/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
17.
Inorg Chem ; 54(4): 1337-45, 2015 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25602737

RESUMO

Two isostructural metal-organic framework (MOF) materials, namely, {[MeSi((3)Py)3]6(Cu6I6)}n (1) and {[ MeSi((3)Qy)3]6(Cu6I6)}n (2), featuring Cu6I6 clusters were synthesized from tridentate arylsilane ligands of the type MeSi((3)Py)3 ((3)Py = 3-pyridyl) and MeSi((3)Qy)3 ((3)Qy = 3-quinolyl), respectively. While the MOF 1 displays the usual thermochromism associated with traditional Cu4I4Py4 clusters, the MOF 2 shows (3)XLCT/(3)MLCT emission due to the Cu6I6 cluster core at both 298 and 77 K, albeit with some marginal variations in its emission wavelengths. Interestingly, an unusual reversal in the mechanochromic luminescent behavior was observed for these isostructural MOFs at 298 K wherein a pronounced blue-shifted high energy emission for 1 (from orange to yellowish-orange) and a red-shifted low-energy emission for 2 (from green to orange) were obtained upon grinding these samples. This is primarily due to the variations in their cuprophilic interactions as 1 displays shorter Cu···Cu distances (2.745(1) Å) in comparison with those present in 2 (3.148(0) Å). As a result, the ground sample of 2 exhibits a prominent red shift in luminescence owing to the reduction of its Cu···Cu distances to an unknown value closer to the sum of van der Waals radii between two Cu(I) atoms (2.80 Å). However, the blue-shifted emission in 1 is presumably attributed to the rise in its lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy levels caused by changes in the secondary packing forces. Furthermore, the absorption and emission characteristics of 1 and 2 were substantiated by time-dependent density functional theory calculations on their discrete-model compounds. In addition, the syntheses, reactivity studies, and photophysical properties of two one-dimensional MOFs, namely, {[MeSi((3)Qy)3]2(Cu2I2)}n (3) and {[MeSi((3)Qy)3](CuI)}n (4), having dimeric Cu2I2 and monomeric CuI moieties, respectively, were examined.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 43(22): 8166-9, 2014 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24760039

RESUMO

By employing a tridentate thiophosphoramide ligand, [(NHAQ)3P[double bond, length as m-dash]S] (AQ = 3-quinolinyl), a cationic MOF, {[Cu6I5(L(1))2](OH)·3DMF·2.5MeOH}n, was synthesized. Photo-physical studies on the 2D-MOF showed an unusual thermochromic behaviour emitting a blue fluorescence at 298 K due to the AQ chromophore and an orange-yellow phosphorescence at 77 K due to the [Cu6I5](+) unit.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Iodetos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Fosforamidas/química , Termodinâmica , Cátions , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Fotoquímica
19.
Dalton Trans ; 42(30): 10964-70, 2013 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23793097

RESUMO

Two polymorphic 2D-coordination polymers of composition [ZnL(HCO2)]∞ were synthesized from an in situ generated ligand [PO2(NH(4)Py)2](-) (L(-)). The ligand L(-) was generated by a facile metal-assisted P-N bond hydrolysis reaction from the corresponding phosphonium salt 1, [P(NH(4)Py)4]Cl, or from the neutral phosphoric triamide 2, [PO(NH(4)Py)3]. The de-solvated sample of the polymer [ZnL(HCO2)]∞ features polar micropores and shows a type I isotherm for CO2 sorption whereas a type II behaviour was observed for N2. The vapour sorption isotherm of the de-solvated sample of [ZnL(HCO2)]∞ shows preferential adsorption of water vapour over aliphatic alcohols.


Assuntos
Amidas/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Fosfatos/química , Polímeros/química , Piridinas/química , Água/química , Zinco/química , Álcoois/química , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares
20.
Inorg Chem ; 52(13): 7608-14, 2013 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23750700

RESUMO

Employing Pd(OAc)2, a facile deprotonation route to access the highly basic tris(alkylimido)phosphate trianions, [(RN)3PO](3-) (R = (t)Bu, (c)Hex, or (i)Pr), analogous to the orthophosphate (PO4(3-)) ion in polar and in protic solvents has been achieved. Trinuclear and prismatic Pd(II) clusters of these imido trianions having the formula {Pd3[(NR)3PO](OAc)3}n (n = 1 or 2) or as mixed-bridged clusters of the type {Pd3[(N(i)Pr)3PO](OAc)2(OR')}2 (R' = Me or H) were isolated exclusively in all these reactions in which the trianionic species acts as a tripodal chelating ligand to the trinuclear Pd3 unit. Reactivity studies aiming at the Pd(II) atoms in these clusters with nucleophilic reagents, such as primary amines (R″NH2), have led to a new trimeric cluster with the formula {Pd3[(NR)3PO](OAc)3(R″NH2)3} in which the tripodal coordination of the Pd-Nimido moieties remained unaffected, exemplifying the robustness of the Pd3 unit in all these clusters. We have also shown the catalytic activity of these Pd(II) complexes in Mizoroki-Heck type coupling reactions in the presence of Cu(OAc)2.

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