Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 15 de 15
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Plant Sci ; 291: 110336, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928684

RESUMO

Wheat grain nitrogen content displays large variations within different pearling fractions of grains because of radial gradients in the protein content. We identified how spatiotemporal mechanisms regulate this. The protein gradients emerged clearly at 19 days after anthesis, with the highest N content in aleurone and seed coat, followed by outer endosperm, whereas the lowest was in middle and inner endosperm. Laser microdissection, qRT-PCR and LC-MS were used to dissect tissue from aleurone, outer endosperm, middle endosperm, inner endosperm and transfer cells, measure gene expression and levels of free and protein-bound amino acids, respectively. The results showed that different FAA transportation pathways worked in parallel during grain filling stage while the grain protein gradient did not follow spatial expression of storage proteins. Additionally, two nitrogen (N) topdressing timings were conducted, either at the emergence of top third leaf (standard timing) or top first leaf (delayed timing), finding that delayed N topdressing enhanced both amino acids supply and protein synthesis capacity. The results provide insight into protein synthesis and amino acid transport pathways in endosperm and suggest targets for the enhancement of specialty pearled wheat with higher quality.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Endosperma/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Sementes/química , Triticum/genética , Endosperma/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Endosperma/metabolismo , Triticum/química , Triticum/metabolismo
2.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(3): 394-399, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661925

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Selective laser melting used to manufacture patient-specific 3D-printed (PSP) plates is a delicate process, which may introduce weakened areas in the plates, with risk of fracture. This in vitro study's purpose was to test the ability of PSP plates to stabilize Le Fort I osteotomies compared with manually adapted stock plates. The study's objectives were to measure the force needed to compress the osteotomy and evaluate whether the PSP plates would break during compression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This controlled in vitro study evaluated the maxillary stability using the clinical data from 7 patients. The virtually planned maxillary reposition was 3D-printed in 2 copies, and the osteotomy gap was fixated by either PSP plates or stock plates. The models were compressed until the Le Fort I osteotomy gap was eliminated. The primary outcome was the force needed to compress the model. The primary predictor variable was a comparison between PSP and stock plates. Secondary outcome measurements were the slope of elastic modulus, yield point, and force needed for 2 mm compression. Statistical testing was performed by Wilcoxon signed-rank test with significance level at P ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: The PSP plates performed better than stock plates in all outcome measurements. None of the plates broke during compression despite forces of more than 4000 N. The first point of failure in PSP plates was the first screw cranial to the osteotomy. In comparison, the first point of failure in stock plates was in the plates' bend at the osteotomy. CONCLUSION: In this in vitro setup, the Le Fort I osteotomies fixated with PSP plates were more stable than the osteotomies fixated with conventional stock plates. No adverse effects occurred during testing of PSP plates; thus, PSP plates seem to be a safe alternative to stock plates and may even be preferable.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Maxila/cirurgia , Osteotomia de Le Fort , Impressão Tridimensional , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Osteotomia de Le Fort/instrumentação , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
3.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 16(1): 63-71, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28436146

RESUMO

Zinc (Zn) is essential for all life forms, including humans. It is estimated that around two billion people are deficient in their Zn intake. Human dietary Zn intake relies heavily on plants, which in many developing countries consists mainly of cereals. The inner part of cereal grain, the endosperm, is the part that is eaten after milling but contains only a quarter of the total grain Zn. Here, we present results demonstrating that endosperm Zn content can be enhanced through expression of a transporter responsible for vacuolar Zn accumulation in cereals. The barley (Hordeum vulgare) vacuolar Zn transporter HvMTP1 was expressed under the control of the endosperm-specific D-hordein promoter. Transformed plants exhibited no significant change in growth but had higher total grain Zn concentration, as measured by ICP-OES, compared to parental controls. Compared with Zn, transformants had smaller increases in concentrations of Cu and Mn but not Fe. Staining grain cross sections with the Zn-specific stain DTZ revealed a significant enhancement of Zn accumulation in the endosperm of two of three transformed lines, a result confirmed by ICP-OES in the endosperm of dissected grain. Synchrotron X-ray fluorescence analysis of longitudinal grain sections demonstrated a redistribution of grain Zn from aleurone to endosperm. We argue that this proof-of-principle study provides the basis of a strategy for biofortification of cereal endosperm with Zn.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/genética , Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Endosperma/genética , Endosperma/metabolismo , Hordeum/genética , Hordeum/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética
4.
Dent Mater ; 33(2): 198-208, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27979378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Craniofacial bone trauma is a leading reason for surgery at most hospitals. Large pieces of destroyed or resected bone are often replaced with non-resorbable and stock implants, and these are associated with a variety of problems. This paper explores the use of a novel fatty acid/calcium phosphate suspension melt for simple additive manufacturing of ceramic tricalcium phosphate implants. METHODS: A wide variety of non-aqueous liquids were tested to determine the formulation of a storable 3D printable tricalcium phosphate suspension ink, and only fatty acid-based inks were found to work. A heated stearic acid-tricalcium phosphate suspension melt was then 3D printed, carbonized and sintered, yielding implants with controllable macroporosities. Their microstructure, compressive strength and chemical purity were analyzed with electron microscopy, mechanical testing and Raman spectroscopy, respectively. Mesenchymal stem cell culture was used to assess their osteoconductivity as defined by collagen deposition, alkaline phosphatase secretion and de-novo mineralization. RESULTS: After a rapid sintering process, the implants retained their pre-sintering shape with open pores. They possessed clinically relevant mechanical strength and were chemically pure. They supported adhesion of mesenchymal stem cells, and these were able to deposit collagen onto the implants, secrete alkaline phosphatase and further mineralize the ceramic. SIGNIFICANCE: The tricalcium phosphate/fatty acid ink described here and its 3D printing may be sufficiently simple and effective to enable rapid, on-demand and in-hospital fabrication of individualized ceramic implants that allow clinicians to use them for treatment of bone trauma.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Osso e Ossos , Cerâmica , Força Compressiva , Porcelana Dentária , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais
5.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2016 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27684894

RESUMO

Cereals are a major source of dietary energy and protein but are nutritionally poor in micronutrients. Zinc (Zn) biofortification of staple crops has been proposed as a promising strategy to combat the global challenge of human Zn-deficiency. The aim of this study was to improve the Zn content in the edible part of the barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grain by enhancing Zn translocation into the developing seeds. We demonstrate that the barley plasma membrane P-type ATPase Zn transporter, HvHMA2 is an efficient candidate for mineral biofortification of crops. Following a cisgenic approach to produce transgenic homozygous barley line over-expressing HvHMA2 in the transfer cells of the grain, resulted in a doubling of a wide range of nutrients including Zn, iron (Fe), and magnesium (Mg) in the inner endosperm. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
BMC Genomics ; 17(1): 625, 2016 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27519859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To increase the Zn level in shoots, AtHMA4 was ectopically expressed in tomato under the constitutive CaMV 35S promoter. However, the Zn concentration in the shoots of transgenic plants failed to increase at all tested Zn levels in the medium. Modification of Zn root/shoot distribution in tomato expressing 35S::AtHMA4 depended on the concentration of Zn in the medium, thus indicating involvement of unknown endogenous metal-homeostasis mechanisms. To determine these mechanisms, those metal-homeostasis genes that were expressed differently in transgenic and wild-type plants were identified by microarray and RT-qPCR analysis using laser-assisted microdissected RNA isolated from two root sectors: (epidermis + cortex and stele), and leaf sectors (upper epidermis + palisade parenchyma and lower epidermis + spongy parenchyma). RESULTS: Zn-supply-dependent modification of Zn root/shoot distribution in AtHMA4-tomato (increase at 5 µM Zn, no change at 0.5 µM Zn) involved tissue-specific, distinct from that in the wild type, expression of tomato endogenous genes. First, it is suggested that an ethylene-dependent pathway underlies the detected changes in Zn root/shoot partitioning, as it was induced in transgenic plants in a distinct way depending on Zn exposure. Upon exposure to 5 or 0.5 µM Zn, in the epidermis + cortex of the transgenics' roots the expression of the Strategy I Fe-uptake system (ethylene-dependent LeIRT1 and LeFER) was respectively lower or higher than in the wild type and was accompanied by respectively lower or higher expression of the identified ethylene genes (LeNR, LeACO4, LeACO5) and of LeChln. Second, the contribution of LeNRAMP2 expression in the stele is shown to be distinct for wild-type and transgenic plants at both Zn exposures. Ethylene was also suggested as an important factor in a pathway induced in the leaves of transgenic plants by high Zn in the apoplast, which results in the initiation of loading of the excess Zn into the mesophyll of "Zn accumulating cells". CONCLUSIONS: In transgenic tomato plants, the export activity of ectopically expressed AtHMA4 changes the cellular Zn status, which induces coordinated tissue-specific responses of endogenous ethylene-related genes and metal transporters. These changes constitute an important mechanism involved in the generation of the metal-related phenotype of transgenic tomato expressing AtHMA4.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Cádmio/metabolismo , Crioultramicrotomia , Fluoresceínas/química , Ferro/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Microscopia Confocal , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/química , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , RNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transcriptoma , Zinco/química
7.
Front Plant Sci ; 7: 776, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27375638

RESUMO

RNA circularization made by head-to-tail back-splicing events is involved in the regulation of gene expression from transcriptional to post-translational levels. By exploiting RNA-Seq data and down-stream analysis, we shed light on the importance of circular RNAs in plants. The results introduce circular RNAs as novel interactors in the regulation of gene expression in plants and imply the comprehensiveness of this regulatory pathway by identifying circular RNAs for a diverse set of genes. These genes are involved in several aspects of cellular metabolism as hormonal signaling, intracellular protein sorting, carbohydrate metabolism and cell-wall biogenesis, respiration, amino acid biosynthesis, transcription and translation, and protein ubiquitination. Additionally, these parental loci of circular RNAs, from both nuclear and mitochondrial genomes, encode for different transcript classes including protein coding transcripts, microRNA, rRNA, and long non-coding/microprotein coding RNAs. The results shed light on the mitochondrial exonic circular RNAs and imply the importance of circular RNAs for regulation of mitochondrial genes. Importantly, we introduce circular RNAs in barley and elucidate their cellular-level alterations across tissues and in response to micronutrients iron and zinc. In further support of circular RNAs' functional roles in plants, we report several cases where fluctuations of circRNAs do not correlate with the levels of their parental-loci encoded linear transcripts.

8.
PLoS One ; 10(11): e0141398, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26536247

RESUMO

In addition to the micronutrient inadequacy of staple crops for optimal human nutrition, a global downtrend in crop-quality has emerged from intensive breeding for yield. This trend will be aggravated by elevated levels of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Therefore, crop biofortification is inevitable to ensure a sustainable supply of minerals to the large part of human population who is dietary dependent on staple crops. This requires a thorough understanding of plant-mineral interactions due to the complexity of mineral homeostasis. Employing RNA sequencing, we here communicate transfer cell specific effects of excess iron and zinc during grain filling in our model crop plant barley. Responding to alterations in mineral contents, we found a long range of different genes and transcripts. Among them, it is worth to highlight the auxin and ethylene signaling factors Arfs, Abcbs, Cand1, Hps4, Hac1, Ecr1, and Ctr1, diurnal fluctuation components Sdg2, Imb1, Lip1, and PhyC, retroelements, sulfur homeostasis components Amp1, Hmt3, Eil3, and Vip1, mineral trafficking components Med16, Cnnm4, Aha2, Clpc1, and Pcbps, and vacuole organization factors Ymr155W, RabG3F, Vps4, and Cbl3. Our analysis introduces new interactors and signifies a broad spectrum of regulatory levels from chromatin remodeling to intracellular protein sorting mechanisms active in the plant mineral homeostasis. The results highlight the importance of storage proteins in metal ion toxicity-resistance and chelation. Interestingly, the protein sorting and recycling factors Exoc7, Cdc1, Sec23A, and Rab11A contributed to the response as well as the polar distributors of metal-transporters ensuring the directional flow of minerals. Alternative isoform switching was found important for plant adaptation and occurred among transcripts coding for identical proteins as well as transcripts coding for protein isoforms. We also identified differences in the alternative-isoform preference between the treatments, indicating metal-affinity shifts among isoforms of metal transporters. Most important, we found the zinc treatment to impair both photosynthesis and respiration. A wide range of transcriptional changes including stress-related genes and negative feedback loops emphasize the importance to withhold mineral contents below certain cellular levels which otherwise might lead to agronomical impeding side-effects. By illustrating new mechanisms, genes, and transcripts, this report provides a solid platform towards understanding the complex network of plant mineral homeostasis.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes de Plantas/genética , Homeostase/fisiologia , Hordeum/metabolismo , Ferro/farmacologia , Sementes/metabolismo , Zinco/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma de Planta , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Hordeum/efeitos dos fármacos , Hordeum/genética , Humanos , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/genética
9.
J Biotechnol ; 188: 100-9, 2014 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25150216

RESUMO

This report investigates for the first time the potential inter-treatment bias source of cell number for gene expression studies. Cell-number bias can affect gene expression analysis when comparing samples with unequal total cellular RNA content or with different RNA extraction efficiencies. For maximal reliability of analysis, therefore, comparisons should be performed at the cellular level. This could be accomplished using an appropriate correction method that can detect and remove the inter-treatment bias for cell-number. Based on inter-treatment variations of reference genes, we introduce an analytical approach to examine the suitability of correction methods by considering the inter-treatment bias as well as the inter-replicate variance, which allows use of the best correction method with minimum residual bias. Analyses of RNA sequencing and microarray data showed that the efficiencies of correction methods are influenced by the inter-treatment bias as well as the inter-replicate variance. Therefore, we recommend inspecting both of the bias sources in order to apply the most efficient correction method. As an alternative correction strategy, sequential application of different correction approaches is also advised.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Biotechnol Adv ; 31(8): 1292-307, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23680191

RESUMO

A wealth of information on the different aspects of iron homeostasis in plants has been obtained during the last decade. However, there is no clear road-map integrating the relationships between the various components. The principal aim of the current review is to fill this gap. In this context we discuss the lack of low affinity iron uptake mechanisms in plants, the utilization of a different uptake mechanism by graminaceous plants compared to the others, as well as the roles of riboflavin, ferritin isoforms, nitric oxide, nitrosylation, heme, aconitase, and vacuolar pH. Cross-homeostasis between elements is also considered, with a specific emphasis on the relationship between iron homeostasis and phosphorus and copper deficiencies. As the environment is a crucial parameter for modulating plant responses, we also highlight how diurnal fluctuations govern iron metabolism. Evolutionary aspects of iron homeostasis have so far attracted little attention. Looking into the past can inform us on how long-term oxygen and iron-availability fluctuations have influenced the evolution of iron uptake mechanisms. Finally, we evaluate to what extent this homeostastic road map can be used for the development of novel biofortification strategies in order to alleviate iron deficiency in human.


Assuntos
Homeostase/fisiologia , Ferro/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais , Plantas/metabolismo , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Heme/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Vacúolos/metabolismo
11.
J Biol Inorg Chem ; 18(5): 557-70, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23624806

RESUMO

We have used synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence and absorption techniques to establish both metal distribution and complexation in mature wheat grains. In planta, extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy reveals iron phytate and zinc phytate structures in aleurone cells and in modified aleurone cells in the transfer region of the grain: iron is coordinated octahedrally by six oxygen atoms and fewer than two phosphorous atoms. Zinc is coordinated tetrahedrally by four oxygen atoms and approximately 1.5 phosphorus atoms in an asymmetric coordination shell. We also present evidence of modified complexation of both metals in transgenic grain overexpressing wheat ferritin. For zinc, there is a consistent doubling of the number of complexing phosphorus atoms. Although there is some EXAFS evidence for iron phytate in ferritin-expressing grain, there is also evidence of a structure lacking phosphorus. This change may lead to an excess of phosphorus within the storage regions of grain, and in turn to the demonstrated increased association of phosphorus with zinc in ferritin-expressing grains. Derivative X-ray absorption spectra also suggest that mineral complexation in the transfer region of ferritin-expressing grains is quite different from that in wild-type grain. This may explain why the raised levels of minerals transported to the developing grain accumulate within the crease region of the transgenic grain.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Triticum/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/genética , Ferritinas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Triticum/genética
12.
PLoS One ; 7(11): e49027, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23155447

RESUMO

Heavy metal transporters belonging to the P(1B)-ATPase subfamily of P-type ATPases are key players in cellular heavy metal homeostasis. Heavy metal transporters belonging to the P(1B)-ATPase subfamily of P-type ATPases are key players in cellular heavy metal homeostasis. In this study we investigated the properties of HvHMA1, which is a barley orthologue of Arabidopsis thaliana AtHMA1 localized to the chloroplast envelope. HvHMA1 was localized to the periphery of chloroplast of leaves and in intracellular compartments of grain aleurone cells. HvHMA1 expression was significantly higher in grains compared to leaves. In leaves, HvHMA1 expression was moderately induced by Zn deficiency, but reduced by toxic levels of Zn, Cu and Cd. Isolated barley chloroplasts exported Zn and Cu when supplied with Mg-ATP and this transport was inhibited by the AtHMA1 inhibitor thapsigargin. Down-regulation of HvHMA1 by RNA interference did not have an effect on foliar Zn and Cu contents but resulted in a significant increase in grain Zn and Cu content. Heterologous expression of HvHMA1 in heavy metal-sensitive yeast strains increased their sensitivity to Zn, but also to Cu, Co, Cd, Ca, Mn, and Fe. Based on these results, we suggest that HvHMA1 is a broad-specificity exporter of metals from chloroplasts and serve as a scavenging mechanism for mobilizing plastid Zn and Cu when cells become deficient in these elements. In grains, HvHMA1 might be involved in mobilizing Zn and Cu from the aleurone cells during grain filling and germination.


Assuntos
Cobre/metabolismo , Hordeum/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Hordeum/genética
13.
J Exp Bot ; 60(4): 1333-47, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19297552

RESUMO

Nutrients destined for the developing cereal grain encounter several restricting barriers on their path towards their final storage sites in the grain. In order to identify transporters and chelating agents that may be involved in transport and deposition of zinc in the barley grain, expression profiles have been generated of four different tissue types: the transfer cells, the aleurone layer, the endosperm, and the embryo. Cells from these tissues were isolated with the 'laser capture microdissection' technology and the extracted RNA was subjected to three rounds of T7-based amplification. The amplified RNA was subsequently hybridized to Affymetrix 22K Barley GeneChips. Due to the short average length of the amplified transcripts and the positioning of numerous probe sets at locations more than 400 base pairs (bp) from the poly(A)-tail, a normalization approach was used where the probe positions were taken into account. On the basis of the expression levels of a number of metal homeostasis genes, a working model is proposed for the translocation of zinc from the phloem to the storage sites in the developing grain.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Hordeum/embriologia , Hordeum/genética , Lasers , Microdissecção , Sementes/genética , Zinco/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Biologia Computacional , Secções Congeladas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Homeostase/genética , Hordeum/citologia , Inclusão em Parafina , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sementes/citologia , Sementes/embriologia
14.
Trends Plant Sci ; 13(9): 464-73, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18701340

RESUMO

The goal of biofortification is to develop plants that have an increased content of bioavailable nutrients in their edible parts. Cereals serve as the main staple food for a large proportion of the world population but have the shortcoming, from a nutrition perspective, of being low in zinc and other essential nutrients. Major bottlenecks in plant biofortification appear to be the root-shoot barrier and--in cereals--the process of grain filling. New findings demonstrate that the root-shoot distribution of zinc is controlled mainly by heavy metal transporting P1B-ATPases and the metal tolerance protein (MTP) family. A greater understanding of zinc transport is important to improve crop quality and also to help alleviate accumulation of any toxic metals.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Xilema/metabolismo
15.
Biochim Biophys Acta ; 1699(1-2): 111-22, 2004 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15158718

RESUMO

This paper presents the cloning and biochemical characterisation of the cysteine protease Tr-cp 14 from white clover (Trifolium repens). The predicted amino acid sequence of Tr-cp 14 is 71%, 74% and 74% identical to the cysteine proteases XCP1 and XCP2 from Arabidopsis thaliana, and p48h-17 from Zinnia elegans, respectively. These cysteine proteases have previously been shown to be involved in programmed cell death during tracheary element differentiation. The precursor polypeptide of Tr-cp 14 was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified from inclusion bodies and refolded. The precursor polypeptide could be processed to its active mature form autocatalytically at pH 5.0 and had a requirement for 20 mM l-cysteine for optimal activity. Mature Tr-cp 14 showed a preference for synthetic aminomethylcoumarin substrates with either Leu or Phe in the P2 position when tested with Arg in P1. A substrate with Arg in both the P1 and P2 position was not accepted as substrate.


Assuntos
Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Trifolium/enzimologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Cisteína Endopeptidases/genética , Estabilidade Enzimática , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Raízes de Plantas/citologia , Raízes de Plantas/enzimologia , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Trifolium/citologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...