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1.
Thyroid ; 32(3): 263-272, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018816

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of thyroid disease is generally increasing, and it is subject to major geographic variability, between and within countries. Moreover, the incidence rates and the proportion of overdiagnosis for thyroid cancer in Italy are among the highest worldwide. This study aimed to estimate population-based frequency and trends of thyroidectomies in Italy by type of surgical procedure (total/partial), indication (tumors/other conditions), sex, age, and geographical region. Materials and Methods: Age-standardized rates (ASRs) of thyroidectomies were estimated from 2001 to 2018 using the national hospital discharges database. Results: In Italy, ASRs of thyroidectomies were nearly 100 per 100,000 women in 2002-2004 and decreased to 71 per 100,000 women in 2018. No corresponding variation was shown in men (ASR 27 per 100,000 men) in the overall period. A more than twofold difference between Italian regions emerged in both sexes. The proportion of total thyroidectomies (on the sum of total and partial thyroidectomies) in the examined period increased from 78% to 86% in women and from 72% to 81% in men. Thyroidectomies for goiter and nonmalignant conditions decreased consistently throughout the period (from 81 per 100,000 women in 2002 to 49 in 2018 and from 22 to 16 per 100,000 men), while thyroidectomies for tumors increased until 2013-2014 up to 24 per 100,000 women (9 per 100,000 men) and remained essentially stable thereafter. Conclusions: The decrease in thyroidectomies for nonmalignant diseases since early 2000s in Italy may derive from the decrease of goiter prevalence, possibly as a consequence of the reduction of iodine deficiency and the adoption of conservative treatments. In a context of overdiagnosis of thyroid cancer, recent trends have suggested a decline in the diagnostic pressure with a decrease in geographic difference. Our results showed the need and also the possibility to implement more conservative surgical approaches to thyroid diseases, as recommended by international guidelines.


Assuntos
Bócio , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/métodos
2.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 36(5): 391-396, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769088

RESUMO

Background: The retrospective studies that have so far described the outcomes of the sequential use of life-prolonging agents (LPAs) did not include metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients who received radium-223 (223Ra) as part of their treatment. Consequently, it is not known whether including 223Ra in the therapeutic sequence has an impact on cumulative survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate this impact by comparing the cumulative overall survival (OS) in two series of mCRPC patients sequentially treated with two or three LPAs after first-line docetaxel (DOC), including 223Ra and not. Materials and Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of mCRPC patients with bone involvement alone who received two or three LPAs (including 223Ra) after first-line DOC. The control group was a contemporary series of mCRPC patients with bone involvement alone treated with sequences of two or three LPAs other than 223Ra after first-line DOC. Results: Median cumulative OS was 40.6 months in the 223Ra group of 78 patients and 36.2 months in the non-223Ra group of 186 patients (p = 0.08). OS outcomes were significantly influenced by the number of treatment lines, and baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) and prostate-specific antigen levels. Conclusions: To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study designed to evaluate the impact of introducing 223Ra in the treatment sequences for mCRPC patients, and the results show that its use does not negatively affect cumulative OS.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/terapia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Rádio (Elemento)/uso terapêutico , Acetato de Abiraterona/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Terapia Combinada , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitrilas/administração & dosagem , Feniltioidantoína/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Taxoides/administração & dosagem
3.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e041252, 2021 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782017

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Assessment of response to therapy in paediatric patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT has become a powerful tool for the discrimination of responders from non-responders. The addition of volumetric and texture analyses can be regarded as a valuable help for disease prognostication and biological characterisation. Based on these premises, the Hodgkin Lymphoma Study Group of the Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica (AIEOP) has designed a prospective evaluation of volumetric and texture analysis in the Italian cohort of patients enrolled in the EuroNet-PHL-C2. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The primary objective is to compare volumetric assessment in patiens with HL at baseline and during the course of therapy with standard visual and semiquantitative analyses. The secondary objective is to identify the impact of volumetric and texture analysis on bulky masses. The tertiary objective is to determine the additional value of multiparametric assessment in patients having a partial response on morphological imaging.The overall cohort of the study is expected to be round 400-500 patients, with approximately half presenting with bulky masses. All PET scans of the Italian cohort will be analysed for volumetric assessment, comprising metabolic tumour volume and total lesion glycolysis at baseline and during the course of therapy. A dedicated software will delineate semiautomatically contours using different threshold methods, and the impact of each segmentation techniques will be evaluated. Bulky will be defined on contiguous lymph node masses ≥200 mL on CT/MRI. All bulky masses will be outlined and analysed by the same software to provide textural features. Morphological assessment will be based on RECIL 2017 for response definition. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The current study has been ethically approved (AIFA/SC/P/27087 approved 09/03/2018; EudraCT 2012-004053-88, EM-04). The results of the different analyses performed during and after study completion the will be actively disseminated through peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations, social media, print media and internet.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin , Criança , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Itália , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
4.
Tumori ; 107(6): 489-497, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment for locally advanced differentiated thyroid cancer is surgery followed by radioiodine while the role of adjuvant external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) is debated. METHODS: The panel of the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology developed a clinical recommendation on the addition of EBRT to radioiodine after surgery for locally advanced differentiated thyroid cancer by using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology and the Evidence to Decision framework. A systematic review with meta-analysis about this topic was conducted with a focus on outcome of benefits and toxicity. RESULTS: Locoregional control was improved by EBRT while no considerable toxicity impact was reported. CONCLUSION: The panel judged uncertain the benefit/harms balance; final recommendation was conditional both for EBRT + radioiodine and radioiodine alone in the adjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/radioterapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/administração & dosagem , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 48(9): 2871-2882, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560453

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the presence and pattern of incidental interstitial lung alterations suspicious of COVID-19 on fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) ([18F]FDG PET/CT) in asymptomatic oncological patients during the period of active COVID-19 in a country with high prevalence of the virus. METHODS: This is a multi-center retrospective observational study involving 59 Italian centers. We retrospectively reviewed the prevalence of interstitial pneumonia detected during the COVID period (between March 16 and 27, 2020) and compared to a pre-COVID period (January-February 2020) and a control time (in 2019). The diagnosis of interstitial pneumonia was done considering lung alterations of CT of PET. RESULTS: Overall, [18F]FDG PET/CT was performed on 4008 patients in the COVID period, 19,267 in the pre-COVID period, and 5513 in the control period. The rate of interstitial pneumonia suspicious for COVID-19 was significantly higher during the COVID period (7.1%) compared with that found in the pre-COVID (5.35%) and control periods (5.15%) (p < 0.001). Instead, no significant difference among pre-COVID and control periods was present. The prevalence of interstitial pneumonia detected at PET/CT was directly associated with geographic virus diffusion, with the higher rate in Northern Italy. Among 284 interstitial pneumonia detected during COVID period, 169 (59%) were FDG-avid (average SUVmax of 4.1). CONCLUSIONS: A significant increase of interstitial pneumonia incidentally detected with [18F]FDG PET/CT has been demonstrated during the COVID-19 pandemic. A majority of interstitial pneumonia were FDG-avid. Our results underlined the importance of paying attention to incidental CT findings of pneumonia detected at PET/CT, and these reports might help to recognize early COVID-19 cases guiding the subsequent management.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Itália , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Future Oncol ; 17(7): 807-815, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508980

RESUMO

Background: Radium 223 (RA223) is currently administered as part of a therapeutic sequence with the other life-prolonging agents (LPAs) for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Patients & methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients who had received at least three LPAs including RA223. Results: Median overall survival (OS) from the start of first-line treatment was 39.8 months, with the patients who completed all six planned courses of RA223 having a longer OS than those who did not (53.2 vs 29.5 months; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Our study confirms the activity of RA223 regardless of the treatment line in which it is administered and suggests that patient selection plays a central role in maximizing this activity.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/terapia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Rádio (Elemento)/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Seleção de Pacientes , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Vasc Access ; 22(5): 849-851, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605409

RESUMO

Reliable venous access should be part of the clinical-therapeutic path of all cancer patients. A correct preliminary ultrasound evaluation of the patient's veins and the choice of the suitable vein are the fundamental requirements to guarantee a stable and long-lasting venous access.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Veias , Humanos , Ultrassonografia , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(8): 594-603, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558711

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The primary aim of this multicenter retrospective analysis is to examine the role of F-choline PET/CT as a diagnostic tool for staging and restaging prostate cancer (PCa) in a large population in the light of 10 years of clinical experience. A secondary aim of the study is to produce data on the predictors of a positive F-choline PET/CT result in the setting of PCa primaries and biochemical recurrences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study is based on data collected by 9 Italian nuclear medicine departments. Between October 2008 and September 2019, 3343 men underwent F-choline PET/CT scans before receiving definitive treatments for a primary PCa or biochemical recurrence. Inclusion criteria were (1) histologically proven PCa (on surgical specimens or prostate biopsies from patients not treated surgically) and (2) availability of clinical and pathological data, including serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level at the time of PET/CT scanning. RESULTS: F-choline PET/CT was performed in 545 cases (16.4%) for cancer staging and in 2798 (83.6%) for restaging purposes, and the result was positive in 540 (99.1%) for the former and 1993 (71.2%) for the latter. A positive PET/CT result was always associated with a high Gleason score (>7) and high PSA levels (P < 0.01). The percentage of patients with a PSA threshold less than 1.0 ng/mL for performing PET/CT was higher in the years 2014 to 2019 (n = 341, 25% of cases) than during the previous period (n = 148, 16%; in 2008-2013). When used for staging purposes, receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that PSA levels of 9.2, 16.4, and 16.6 ng/mL were the optimal cutoffs for distinguishing between positive and negative PET/CT findings for local disease, lymph node involvement, and metastasis, respectively. In the restaging setting, a PSA level of 1.27 ng/mL was the optimal cutoff for distinguishing between a positive and negative PET/CT scan. CONCLUSIONS: F-choline PET/CT can help identify early recurrences, even in the case of low PSA levels (<1 ng/mL). Our data suggest that important improvements have been made in the interpretation of F-choline images and in patient selection in the last 5 years.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(11): 2633-2638, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249345

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the fracture risk and survival outcomes in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who received sequentially abiraterone acetate (AA) and radium 223 [223Ra]RaCl2 in the daily clinical practice. MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of mCRPC patients who received [223Ra]RaCl2 immediately after progressing during an AA treatment line in everyday clinical practice. RESULTS: We reviewed data of a consecutive series of 94 mCRPC patients. Most of the patients (85.1%) received [223Ra]RaCl2 as second- or third-line treatment. [223Ra]RaCl2 treatment was well-tolerated; there were only four cases of grade 3 anaemia, two cases of grade 3 leukopenia and one case of grade 3 neutropenia. The overall fracture rate is 2.1%; one fracture was recorded during the course of [223Ra]RaCl2 treatment, and one was recorded 1 month after its end. The fractures both occurred at metastatic sites. Median OS from [223Ra]RaCl2 start was more than 14 months regardless of the treatment line when [223Ra]RaCl2 was administered. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study show that the treatment with [223Ra]RaCl2 immediately after AA was active and safe with a very low risk of a fracture. Thus, the present observational report makes a valuable contribution to the current debate concerning the risks and benefits of including [223Ra]RaCl2 in the therapeutic algorithm.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Rádio (Elemento) , Acetato de Abiraterona/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Rádio (Elemento)/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 36, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32116712

RESUMO

The standard of care for the first-line treatment of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is represented by imatinib, which is given daily at a standard dosage until tumor progression. Resistance to imatinib commonly occurs through the clonal selection of genetic mutations in the tumor DNA, and an increase in imatinib dosage was demonstrated to be efficacious to overcome imatinib resistance. Wild-type GISTs, which do not display KIT or platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) mutations, are usually primarily insensitive to imatinib and tend to rapidly relapse in course of treatment. Here we report the case of a 53-year-old male patient with gastric GIST who primarily did not respond to imatinib and that, despite the administration of an increased imatinib dose, led to patient death. By using a deep next-generation sequencing barcode-aware approach, we analyzed a panel of actionable cancer-related genes in the patient cfDNA to investigate somatic changes responsible for imatinib resistance. We identified, in two serial circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) samples, a sharp increase in the allele frequency of a never described TP53 mutation (c.560-7_560-2delCTCTTAinsT) located in a splice acceptor site and responsible for a protein loss of function. The same TP53 mutation was retrospectively identified in the primary tumor by digital droplet PCR at a subclonal frequency (0.1%). The mutation was detected at a very high allelic frequency (99%) in the metastatic hepatic lesion, suggesting a rapid clonal selection of the mutation during tumor progression. Imatinib plasma concentration at steady state was above the threshold of 760 ng/ml reported in the literature for the minimum efficacious concentration. The de novo TP53 (c.560-7_560-2delCTCTTAinsT) mutation was in silico predicted to be associated with an aberrant RNA splicing and with an aggressive phenotype which might have contributed to a rapid disease spread despite the administration of an increased imatinib dosage. This result underlies the need of a better investigation upon the role of TP53 in the pathogenesis of GISTs and sustains the use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in cfDNA for the identification of novel genetic markers in wild-type GISTs.

12.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 46(1): 97-106, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219963

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We present the results of an investigation of the role of FDG PET in response evaluation of bulky masses in paediatric patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) enrolled in the Italian AIEOP-LH2004 trial. METHODS: We analysed data derived from 703 patients (388 male, 315 female; mean age 13 years) with HL and enrolled in 41 different Italian centres from March 2004 to September 2012, all treated with the AIEOP-LH2004 protocol. The cohort comprised 309 patients with a bulky mass, of whom 263 were evaluated with FDG PET at baseline and after four cycles of chemotherapy. Responses were determined according to combined functional and morphological criteria. Patients were followed up for a mean period of 43 months and for each child we calculated time-to-progression (TTP) and relapse rates considering clinical monitoring, and instrumental and histological data as the reference standard. Statistical analyses were performed for FDG PET and morphological responses with respect to TTP. Multivariate analysis was used to define independent predictive factors. RESULTS: Overall, response evaluation revealed 238 PET-negative patients (90.5%) and 25 PET-positive patients (9.5%), with a significant difference in TTP between these groups (mean TTP: 32.67 months for negative scans, 23.8 months for positive scans; p < 0.0001, log-rank test). In the same cohort, computed tomography showed a complete response (CR) in 85 patients (32.3%), progressive disease (PD) in 6 patients (2.3%), and a partial response (PR) in 165 patients (62.7%), with a significant difference in TTP between patients with CR and patients with PD (31.1 months and 7.9 months, respectively; p < 0.001, log-rank test). Similarly, there was a significant difference in relapse rates between PET-positive and PET-negative patients (p = 0000). In patients with PR, there was also a significant difference in TTP between PET-positive and PET-negative patients (24.6 months and 34.9 months, respectively; p < 0.0001). In the multivariate analysis with correction for multiple testing, only the PET result was an independent predictive factor in both the entire cohort of patients and the subgroup showing PR on CT (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: After four cycles of chemotherapy, FDG PET response assessment in paediatric HL patients with a bulky mass is a good predictor of TTP and disease outcome. Moreover, in patients with a PR on CT, PET was able to differentiate those with a longer TTP. In paediatric HL patients with a bulky mass and in patients with a PR on CT, response on FDG PET was an independent predictive factor.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/normas , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 17(1): e187-e194, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30448106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radium 223 was introduced for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer based on the results of a randomized controlled trial showing risk reduction for death and skeletal events. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of patients receiving radium 223 in a real-world setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis in the Triveneto region of Italy. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-eight patients received radium 223 in our region. After a median follow-up of 9.5 months, 75 patients died. The median overall survival (OS) was 14.2 months, and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.2 months. Seventy-one (45%) patients achieved progression as best response. Thirty-seven (23%) patients stopped the treatment early because of progression. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was prognostic for OS (18.4 vs. 12.3 vs. 7.5 months; 0 vs. 1, P = .0062; 0 vs. 2, P = .0002), whereas previous prostatectomy or docetaxel exposure were not. A neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio ≥ 3 significantly impacted OS (18.1 vs. 9.7 months; P < .001) and slightly impacted PFS (6.6 vs. 5.6 months; P = .05). Patients with a baseline alkaline phosphatase (ALP) value ≥ 220 U/L had worse OS and PFS (24.1 vs. 10.5 months; 7.2 vs. 5.5 months; P < .001). Patients with changes in ALP value achieved better OS (P = .029) and PFS (P = .002). There was no difference according to the line of therapy (0 vs. ≥ 1; P = .490). The main grade 3/4 toxicities were anemia, asthenia, and thrombocytopenia. CONCLUSION: This large real-world report confirms comparable OS and PFS data when compared with the pivotal study, as well as the predictive role of ALP and neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio. The definition of the optimal position of radium 223 in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer has still to be defined.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Rádio (Elemento)/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Itália , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Hormones (Athens) ; 17(4): 593, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515667

RESUMO

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The title of this article was rendered incorrectly; the correct title is as follows: Unusual presentation of recurrent papillary thyroid microcarcinoma with neck muscles and skin dissemination.

16.
Tumori ; 104(2): 128-136, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29714668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radium-223 (223Ra) chloride, an alpha emitter, has been shown to improve overall survival (OS) and pain control, and to delay skeletal-related events, in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and bone metastases. Our retrospective observational study presents the first Italian experience on the efficacy and safety of 223Ra therapy in routine clinical practice. METHODS: A total of 83 patients with metastatic CRPC were treated with 223Ra at 3 Italian centers between August 2013 and August 2016. 223Ra-chloride (55 kBq/kg) was administered every 4 weeks for a total of 6 cycles. Primary endpoints were OS and progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included toxicity, pain evaluation using numeric rating scale (NRS), symptomatic skeletal-related events and biomarkers response. RESULTS: Patients had a median age of 75 (range 53-89) years. The majority of men showed a Gleason score of 7, 8, or 9. Forty-one patients completed 6 treatment cycles; 33 stopped treatment before completing 6 cycles. Nine were still receiving therapy at the time of data collection. At the end of therapy, NRS pain scores significantly improved ( p < .000001). OS was a mean of 10.1 months, while median OS had not been attained. According to Kaplan-Meier estimation, OS and PFS were 17.5 and 7.7 months, respectively. There was a significant correlation between OS and PFS with the number of 223Ra cycles; patients receiving all 6 cycles experienced the major benefit from the therapy. 223Ra was well-tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: 223Ra alpha therapy is an important therapeutic option for men with CRPC and symptomatic skeletal metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Cloretos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Rádio (Elemento)/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Itália , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 18(6): e267-e273, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29739722

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The present study investigated the utility of fluorine-18 (18F) fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in assessing bone marrow involvement (BMI) compared with bone marrow biopsy (BMB) in newly diagnosed pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 224 pediatric patients with HL underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT at staging. BMB or follow-up imaging was used as the standard of reference for the evaluation of BMI. RESULTS: 18F-FDG PET/CT was negative for BMI in 193 cases. Of the 193 patients, the findings for 16 were originally reported as doubtful and later interpreted as negative for BMI, with negative findings on follow-up imaging and BMB. At BMB, 1 of the 16 patients (6.25%) had BMI. Of the 193 patients, 192 (99.48%) had negative BMB findings. Thus, the 18F-FDG PET/CT findings were truly negative for 192 patients and falsely negative for 1 patient for BMI. CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG PET/CT showed high diagnostic performance in the evaluation of BMI in pediatric HL. Thus, BMB should be ideally reserved for patients presenting with doubtful 18F-FDG PET/CT findings for BMI.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Adolescente , Biópsia/métodos , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/administração & dosagem , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Ílio , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Clin Nucl Med ; 43(1): e25-e26, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29189371

RESUMO

The criterion standard of treatment of an adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenoma is complete surgical excision. However, ectopic location of these adenomas is an extremely rare condition, which may affect the diagnosis and treatment success. We report a case of a 49-year-old man who was referred to our institution with persistent hypercortisolemia after an unsuccessful attempt of surgical resection. F-choline PET/CT revealed increased radiopharmaceutical uptake in a nodule localized in the left maxillary sinus, which was proved at histology to be an ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma staining positive for ACTH. Imaging with F-FDG PET/CT and Ga-DOTA-NOC PET/CT was not diagnostic.


Assuntos
Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de ACT/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Colina/análogos & derivados , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de ACT/cirurgia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Hormones (Athens) ; 16(3): 322-327, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29278520

RESUMO

Struma ovarii (SO), a rare tumor containing at least 50% of thyroid tissue, represents approximately 5% of all ovarian teratomas; its malignant transformation rate is reported to occur in up to 10% of cases and metastases occur in about 5-6% of them. We describe a 36-year old woman who underwent laparoscopic left annessectomy two years earlier because of an ovarian cyst. Follow-up imaging revealed a right adnexal mass, ascitis and peritoneal nodes that were diagnosed as comprising a malignant SO with peritoneal secondary localizations at histopathology performed after intervention. Restaging with 18F-FDG-PET/CT scan, abdominal CT and ultrasonography showed abnormalities in the perihepatic region and presacral space and left hypochondrium localizations. The patient underwent thyroidectomy, hepatic nodulectomy and cytoreductive peritonectomy: histopathological examination did not show any malignant disease in the thyroid and confirmed the presence of peritoneal localizations due to malignant SO; molecular analysis detected NRAS Q61K mutation in exon 3, whereas no mutations were identified on the BRAF gene. The patient underwent radioiodine treatment: serum Tg was decreased at first follow-up after three months of 131I-therapy. We believe that our case raises some interesting considerations. First, pathologists should be aware of this entity and should check for the presence of point mutations suggesting an aggressive disease behavior, which could be beneficial for an optimal therapeutic approach. Second, although most of the knowledge in this field comes from case reports, efforts should be made to standardize the management of patients affected by malignant SO, including use of practice guidelines.


Assuntos
GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Estruma Ovariano/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/radioterapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estruma Ovariano/diagnóstico por imagem , Estruma Ovariano/patologia , Estruma Ovariano/radioterapia , Resultado do Tratamento
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