Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 121
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Lasers Med Sci ; 35(5): 1185-1191, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970563

RESUMO

The aim of this controlled randomized double-blinded clinical trial was to evaluate the use of a CO2 laser with or without topical application of acidulated fluorides in the prevention of dental caries in partially erupted first permanent molars. We selected 61 healthy children at high risk of caries, all between 6 and 8 (7.1 ± 0.8) years of age and with 4 partially erupted first permanent molars. A CO2 laser device emitting at 10.6 µm was used (0.5 W, 0.05 mJ per pulse, 10 kHz). Each first molar in an individual was randomly assigned to one treatment: (L) CO2 laser (0.066 J/cm2); (FL) 1.23% acidulated fluoride gel and CO2 laser (0.066 J/cm2); (V) 5% fluoride varnish, or (S) sealant (control). Patients were followed-up at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after treatment, through direct visual examination and by an operator blinded to the treatments (kappa ≥ 0.70). The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS-II) index was used to assess the soundness of tooth structure or the presence of white spot lesions, cavitated enamel, and/or dentin lesions. The Yildiz Visual Index was used to evaluate sealant retention. Results were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and the hazard ratio of the treatments was estimated using shared frailty models with a gamma distribution, which considered the patient as a cluster. There were no significant differences among treatments compared to sealants. After 18 months, the use of a CO2 laser with or without acidulated fluorides was shown to be effective in preventing caries on the occlusal surface of partially erupted permanent first molars in children at high risk for caries.

2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to longitudinally evaluate, after a 4-year period, the clinical longevity of composite resin restoration compared to the baseline, after selective caries removal in permanent molars using Er:YAG laser or bur preparation with biomodification of dentin with the use of chlorhexidine. METHODS: Selective caries removal was performed on 80 teeth of 20 individuals who each had at least four active carious lesions. These lesions, located on occlusal surfaces of permanent molar counterparts, were removed using (i) Er:YAG laser biomodified with chlorhexidine, (ii) Er:YAG laser and application of deionized water, (iii) bur preparation biomodified with chlorhexidine, and (iv) bur preparation and application of deionized water. At the end of 4 years, 64 of the 80 restorations were evaluated in 16 individuals (n = 16). The restorations were evaluated, both clinically and photographically, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and pulp vitality analysis. The experimental data were statistically evaluated by kappa, Fisher's, and chi-square tests, with a significance level of 5%. The Kaplan-Meier test and the Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the survival of the restorations. RESULTS: After 4 years of follow-up, there was a statistically significant difference in marginal discoloration criteria for all of the groups evaluated. For marginal adaptation criteria, there was a statistically significant difference for the Er:YAG laser group biomodified with chlorhexine (p = 0.050). For clinical and radiographic evaluation of pulp vitality, there were no statistically significant differences among the groups (p = 0.806). CONCLUSION: Er:YAG laser can be used for selective caries removal, regardless of dentin biomodification with chlorhexidine or application of deionized water, once it produced promising results in composite resin restorations after 4 years of follow-up, according to the criteria evaluated. The selective caries removal using Er:YAG laser or bur and the biomodification of dentin with the use of chlorhexidine did not influence the survival of composite resin restorations after the 4-year follow-up period. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Composite resin restorations applied after selective caries removal using Er:YAG laser or burs, regardless of dentin biomodification with the use of chlorhexidine or application of deionized water, showed adequate clinical behavior after 4 years of follow-up.

3.
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 86(3): 158-163, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645258

RESUMO

Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a genetic condition characterized by abnormal development of two or more structures of the ectoderm, such as skin, hair, nails, teeth, or sweat glands. The most common dental anomalies are oligodontia and anodontia but taurodontism has also been described. These patients present a decrease of alveolar bone volume and alveolar ridge tapering due to congenitally missing teeth. The purpose of this report is to describe the case of a six-year-old girl diagnosed with HED who presented with conical teeth, taurodontic molars, and multiple agenesis that decreased the patient's self-esteem and social interactions. The proposed treatment was to accomplish an oral rehabilitation that was functional, provided the patient with the ability for correct mastication, good esthetics, and comfort, using restorations and devices that did not interfere with the child's orofacial growth and development. (J Dent Child 2019;86(3):158-63).


Assuntos
Anodontia , Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1 , Displasia Ectodérmica , Anormalidades Dentárias , Criança , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos
4.
J Lasers Med Sci ; 10(2): 108-116, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31360379

RESUMO

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the child's salivary cortisol levels, clinical performance and marginal adaptation of restorations after selective removal of necrotic dentin in primary teeth using Er: YAG laser irradiation. Methods: A double-blind clinical study was performed in children at 7-10 years. Children who had at least 2 teeth with carious lesions involving the occlusal and proximal surfaces of primary molars counterparts were selected. Removal of necrotic dentin was performed by 2 methods: Er: YAG laser irradiation and bur-preparation. Cortisol levels (n =24) was evaluated by ELISA. Clinical analysis (n =20) was performed after the restorations polish, 6 and 12 months after restorative procedure using United States Public Health Service (USPHS) method and photographs. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to analyz the marginal gap formation (n =20). The analysis of the data was performed by 95% confidence interval, Shapiro-Wilk test, Friedman and Wilcoxon post hoc tests (α =5%). Results: Cortisol levels were higher during selective removal of necrotic dentin, regardless of the method used (P>0.05). After 12 months, there was no evidence of the difference in the restorations performed on cavities prepared by both methods. SEM analysis revealed that the laser-irradiated teeth showed 10% of gaps in the full extent of restoration. For bur-prepared teeth, 20% of gaps were found at the cavosurface margin. Conclusion: The salivary cortisol levels on children that received Er: YAG laser irradiation for removal the necrotic dentin was similar to the control group. Class II restorations evaluated after 1 year period did not suffer interference by the use of Er: YAG laser irradiation.

5.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 27: 455-461, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is still no systematized evidence in the literature regarding the combination of curcumin to improve the effects of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on complex oral biofilms. Therefore, the objective of this review was to systematically assess the antimicrobial effect of curcumin-mediated aPDT on the vitality of biofilms of microorganisms Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans. METHODS: The addressed focused question was: "What are the effects of curcumin-mediated antimicrobial therapy on the biofilm viability of Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans in vitro models?" A literature search was conducted in the electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Bireme up to April 2019. In vitro studies evaluating the effect of curcumin-mediated antimicrobial photodynamic therapy on S. mutans and C. albicans biofilms were included. RESULTS: From 95 citations, 11 full-text articles were screened and 6 studies were included in this review. Because of the heterogeneity observed in the studies selected, meta-analysis was not possible. CONCLUSIONS: The in vitro studies indicate the potential use of curcumin-mediated aPDT to inactivate microorganisms; Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans. This survey should be viewed as a starting point for further examinations using standardized parameters to enhance outcomes.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Curcumina/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 124-130, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The literature presents many studies regarding photodynamic antimicrobial therapy (aPDT). However, the great variety of protocols to be used can directly influence its effectiveness in reducing microorganisms. The aim of this randomized split-mouth clinical study was to evaluate the effect of aPDT in the reduction of Streptococcus mutans and their effect on restorations performed. METHODS: Twenty children between 6 and 8 years old with active caries and dentin cavitation, located on the occlusal surface of homologous primary molars were included. The selective removal of carious tissue was performed in both molars, than one was subsequently restored and the other received aPDT treatment on the affected dentin with low intensity laser (InGaAlP) associated to 0.005% methylene blue photosensitizer before restoration. Dentin collections were performed only in the tooth submitted to aPDT in three moments: before and after selective caries removal and after application of aPDT. The restorations were analyzed after polishing and after 6 months using United States Public Health Service (USPHS) method. Data were analyzed using ANOVA with repeated measures and Bonferroni post-hoc test with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction on the amount of microorganisms after selective caries removal (p = 0.04) and also after the application of aPDT (p = 0.01). The reduction of S. mutans CFU was of 76.4% after caries removal, but associated with aPDT was 92.6%. After 6 months of clinical evaluation, no difference between groups was found for retention, marginal adaptation, color, marginal discoloration, and secondary caries. CONCLUSIONS: aPDT can be used as an additional treatment against cariogenic microorganisms after selective caries removal without compromising composite resin restorations.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Criança , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Propriedades de Superfície , Dente Decíduo
7.
Microsc Res Tech ; 81(9): 1077-1083, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30351522

RESUMO

This study evaluates, in situ, the effect of an anti-asthmatic medicine on the enamel and dentin of primary teeth. Twenty-eight specimens of enamel and dentin were prepared, selected, sterilized, and stored. Microhardness, microscopic morphology, and initial surface roughness were evaluated. Fourteen volunteers wore palatal devices containing two dentin specimens and two enamel specimens. Volunteers underwent surface treatment three times a day for 5 days, with the dripping of 5 ml of salbutamol sulfate for 1 min, only on specimens from one side of the device. At the end of the experiment the microscopic morphology, roughness, surface loss, and microhardness were ascertained. For enamel surfaces exposed to the medicine, erosion was observed in the microscopy images, along with a significant increase in roughness (p = .0325) and tissue loss (p = .03251) and a significant decrease in microhardness (p = .0325). For the dentin surfaces, erosion was observed in the microscopy images, but there was no significant increase in roughness (p = .593) or tissue loss (p = .285) nor any decrease in microhardness (p = .1088). In conclusion, the salbutamol sulfate had an in situ erosive effect on primary teeth enamel and this effect was observed morphologically on primary dentin. RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS: Asthma is considered a global health problem, and its prevalence has increased in many countries, especially among children, as well as dental erosion. This study has clinical relevance because provides data on the erosive effect of a commonly prescribed anti asthmatic drug on deciduous teeth.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dente Decíduo/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0197989, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of LLL (Low level laser therapy) in auriculotherapy points for pain reduction following lower third molar extractions. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, single-blinded study. METHODS: Eighty-four bilateral, symmetrical third molar surgeries were performed in 42 healthy patients using a split-mouth design. In the immediate postoperative period, each side was randomly treated in a single-blind method with an LLL at the auriculotherapy points or simulation of its use (contralateral side) over a 21-day interval. This protocol was repeated 24 and 48 hours after surgery. All patients used the same analgesic (paracetamol) but only in case of pain. The primary variable was postoperative pain according to the visual analogue scale, and the secondary variables were mouth opening, edema, local temperature, dysphagia, and the presence of infection (systemic temperature, lymphadenopathy). These variables were evaluated at baseline and at 24 hours, 48 hours and seven days after surgery. Adverse effects were recorded and reported. RESULTS: There was no difference between the groups in relation to any of the evaluated parameters (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: For this experimental model, application of a low-intensity laser at auriculotherapy points did not prevent postoperative pain following lower third molar surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; the registration number is NCT02657174 and the Unique Protocol ID number is 1.100.869. (https://register.clinicaltrials.gov/prs/app/template/EditRecord.vm?epmode=View&listmode=Edit&uid=U0002BEY&ts=11&sid=S0006026&cx=6g4wff).


Assuntos
Auriculoterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método Simples-Cego
9.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 26: e20170029, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29742259

RESUMO

Literature has reported positive results regarding the use of lasers in the control of erosive lesions; however, evaluating whether they are effective in the control of the progression of erosive/abrasive lesions is important. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Er:YAG laser irradiation in controlling the progression of erosion associated with abrasive lesions in enamel. Material and methods Bovine incisors were sectioned, flattened and polished. Forty-eight enamel slabs were subjected to treatment in an intraoral phase. Twelve volunteers used an intraoral appliance containing one slab that was irradiated with an Er:YAG laser (5.2 J/cm2, 85 mJ, 2 Hz) and another non-irradiated slab on each side of the appliance, during one phase of 5 d, under a split-mouth design. Devices were subjected to erosive challenges (1% citric acid, 5 min, 3 times a day) and abrasive challenges one h after (brushing force of 1.5 N for 15 s) randomly and independently on each side of the device. Measurements of enamel loss were performed via 3D optical profilometry (µm). We analyzed data using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests and morphological characteristics via scanning electron microscopy. Results Following erosive and abrasive challenges, the group that was irradiated with the Er:YAG laser presented less loss of structure than the non-irradiated group. The group that underwent erosion and irradiation did not exhibit a significant difference from the non-irradiated group. Conclusion Irradiation with the Er:YAG laser did not control the loss of structure of enamel subjected to erosion but did control abrasion after erosion.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Abrasão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Animais , Bovinos , Ácido Cítrico/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Testes de Dureza , Imageamento Tridimensional , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos da radiação
10.
Microsc Res Tech ; 81(5): 509-514, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29430843

RESUMO

The chemical compositions (organic and inorganic contents) and mechanical behaviors of the dentin of permanent and deciduous teeth were analyzed and compared using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (µ-EDXRF) Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman) and a microhardness test (HD). Healthy fresh human primary and permanent molars (n = 10) were selected, The buccal surfaces facing upwards were stabilized in an acrylic plate, flattened, polished, and submitted to the µ-EDXRF, FT-Raman, and HD analysis. The results of the analysis were subjected to ANOVAs and Mann-Whitney U/Student's t multiple comparisons tests. The data showed similar values for the dentin of the primary and permanent teeth in P content, organic content (amide I peak), inorganic content ( PO43- - 430 and 590), and microhardness, Nevertheless, Ca content and Ca/P weight ratio were higher, and the CO32- peak was lower in the dentin of the permanent teeth compared to primary teeth. It be concluded that despite permanent teeth showed more Ca element, both substrates showed similar behavior of chemical and physical properties.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Dente Decíduo/química , Análise de Variância , Esmalte Dentário/química , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Espectrometria por Raios X
11.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 21: 363-366, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29408292

RESUMO

To evaluate the effect of aPDT on S. mutans and C. albicans present in the dental biofilm, using methylene blue as a photosensitizer in different pre-irradiation times. The searches were made on Pubmed, Web of Science, Bireme, Scopus and Cochrane Library, and were complemented by screening the references of selected articles in the attempt to find any article that did not appear in the database search. The searches were performed by two researchers and limited to studies involving human subjects published in the English language. Inclusion criteria included in vitro studies with aPDT; studies that used methylene blue as a photosensitizer; studies that used low power laser; studies that evaluated S. mutans or C. albicans. Studies published in a non-English language, patents, in vivo or in situ studies; case reports, serial case, reviews and animal studies were not included. Studies published before 1996 were also not included. Initially, the search resulted in 68 published studies. 16 records were excluded because they were duplicated. The analysis of titles and abstracts resulted in the exclusion of 48 of the published studies, resulting in 4 studies included in the systematic review. The aPDT was effective in three of the four papers selected for the systematic review and the pre-irradiation time used was 5 or 15 min. This therapy had satisfactory results in both C. albicans and S. mutans when using methylene blue as a photosensitizer.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Odontologia , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Am J Dent ; 31(6): 279-284, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658372

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate, in vitro, mechanical, chemical and antimicrobial properties of Embrace Wetbond bisphenol A (BPA)-free pit-and-fissure sealant. METHODS: For the shear bond strength and microleakage tests, 135 healthy third molars were randomly divided into six groups, according to sealant [Fluroshield (FS) and Embrace Wetbond (EWB)] and contamination conditions (no contamination, contamination with saliva and contamination with water). In addition, EWB sealant was subjected to the following analyses: fluoride release using direct potentiometry, antimicrobial activity using the agar well diffusion method and quantification of BPA using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, Tukey's post-test, Dunn's post-test and Bonferroni post-test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: For shear bond strength, there was a statistically significant difference among the groups (P< 0.05), and FS presented the best results. Analysis of the microleakage results showed statistically significant differences among the groups (P< 0.05), except for EWB non-contaminated, contaminated with saliva, and contaminated with water (P> 0.05). FS without contamination presented the lowest microleakage of all groups (P< 0.05), followed by FS contaminated with saliva, and three groups in which EWB was used under different conditions. FS contaminated with water presented the highest microleakage (P< 0.05). EWB showed higher fluoride release in water and artificial saliva on the first day (P< 0.05). EWB had greater antimicrobial activity than FS. BPA and Bis-GMA were not detected in EWB. When used according to the manufacturer's instructions (i.e., under conditions of moisture contamination), EWB showed high fluoride release, high antimicrobial activity, no release of BPA or Bis-GMA and shear bond strength close to the minimum acceptable value. However, this sealant presented statistically significantly more microleakage than the other tested materials. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Knowing the adverse effects of BPA in the body, the present study has clinical relevance since it demonstrates some mechanical, chemical and antimicrobial properties of a BPA-free pit-and-fissure sealant.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Infiltração Dentária , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Teste de Materiais , Fenóis
13.
Lasers Med Sci ; 33(1): 67-73, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28963589

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in vitro, the effect of different pre-irradiation times of the photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy in biofilms formed by Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans, through the evaluation of the microbial load. The factors under study were as follows: times of pre-irradiation of the photosensitizer in three levels (1, 2, or 5 min). For the control of the cariogenic dental biofilm with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT), methylene blue (0.01%) was used in association with the diode laser (InGaAlP) with a wavelength of 660 nm. Chlorhexidine digluconate (0.12% CHX) and saline were used as positive and negative controls, respectively. The study design was carried out in complete and randomized blocks. The sample consisted of 15 S. mutans biofilms cultures, randomly divided into five groups and 15 C. albicans cultures, also divided into five groups. The experiment was performed in triplicate (n = 3) and the response variables were obtained through quantitative analysis of bacterial viability, expressed in colony-forming units (CFU) per square millimeter of the specimen area. The data were analyzed with the aid of the ANOVA one-way test and Tukey's post-test. All analyses were performed using the Graph Pad Prism 4.0 program, with a significance level of 5%. For the S. mutans group, only the saline solution presented a statistically significant difference when compared to the other treatments (p < 0.05), that is, the treatment with aPDT, irrespective of the irradiation time applied, was similar to the treatment with CHX and both were more effective in reducing cariogenic biofilm compared to saline. For the group of C. albicans, there was no statistical difference between the groups (p > 0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that the treatment with aPDT reduced the number of CFUs of S. mutans in a similar way to CHX, independently of the pre-irradiation time applied. No effect of this therapy or of the different pre-irradiation times on the C. albicans biofilm could be observed. In this way, the pre-irradiation time of 1 min can be used to reduce the microbial load of S. mutans.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Lasers Semicondutores , Fotoquimioterapia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida albicans/efeitos da radiação , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Humanos , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos da radiação , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus mutans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos da radiação , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170029, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-893704

RESUMO

Abstract Literature has reported positive results regarding the use of lasers in the control of erosive lesions; however, evaluating whether they are effective in the control of the progression of erosive/abrasive lesions is important. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Er:YAG laser irradiation in controlling the progression of erosion associated with abrasive lesions in enamel. Material and methods Bovine incisors were sectioned, flattened and polished. Forty-eight enamel slabs were subjected to treatment in an intraoral phase. Twelve volunteers used an intraoral appliance containing one slab that was irradiated with an Er:YAG laser (5.2 J/cm2, 85 mJ, 2 Hz) and another non-irradiated slab on each side of the appliance, during one phase of 5 d, under a split-mouth design. Devices were subjected to erosive challenges (1% citric acid, 5 min, 3 times a day) and abrasive challenges one h after (brushing force of 1.5 N for 15 s) randomly and independently on each side of the device. Measurements of enamel loss were performed via 3D optical profilometry (μm). We analyzed data using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests and morphological characteristics via scanning electron microscopy. Results Following erosive and abrasive challenges, the group that was irradiated with the Er:YAG laser presented less loss of structure than the non-irradiated group. The group that underwent erosion and irradiation did not exhibit a significant difference from the non-irradiated group. Conclusion Irradiation with the Er:YAG laser did not control the loss of structure of enamel subjected to erosion but did control abrasion after erosion.

15.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 20: 234-237, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29101088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the use of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) to control biofilm but its efficacy depends on several factors, such as biofilm model used. This study aims to examine whether exposure to diode laser combined with methylene blue affects the bacterial viability and polysaccharide content in a Streptococcus mutans cariogenic biofilm model, which simulated 'feast-famine' episodes of exposure to sucrose that occur in the oral cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: S. mutans biofilms were formed on acrylic resin discs and exposed to a 10% sucrose solution for 1min, eight times/day. After growing for 48h, the biofilms were submitted to the following treatments, twice daily (n=4): (i) 0.9% NaCl (NaCl) as the negative control; (ii) 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) as the positive antibacterial control; (iii) diode laser combined with methylene blue, using an energy density of 320J/cm2 (aPDT). After 120h of growth, the biofilm formed on each disc was collected to determine the viable bacterial counts and concentration of insoluble exopolysaccharides (IEPS) and intracellular polysaccharides (IPS). RESULTS: Bacterial counts in the biofilms formed differed among the treatments. Compared with NaCl, aPDT significantly destabilized biofilm (p<0.0001). aPDT and CHX equally lowered the concentration of IEPS and IPS in biofilms. CONCLUSION: Under the experimental conditions assessed, our findings indicate that a twice-daily treatment with diode laser combined with methylene blue effectively decreased bacterial viability and the intra- and extracellular polysaccharide concentration in biofilms of S. mutans, a cariogenic bacterium.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Bacteriana , Lasers Semicondutores , Viabilidade Microbiana , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/metabolismo
16.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 22(2): 55-60, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28658356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to assess in vitro the influence of the CO2 laser and of the type of ceramic bracket on the shear bond strength (SBS) to enamel. METHODS: : A total of 60 enamel test surfaces were obtained from bovine incisors and randomly assigned to two groups, according to the ceramic bracket used: Allure (A); Transcend (T). Each group was divided into 2 subgroups (n = 15): L, laser (10W, 3s); C, no laser, or control. Twenty-four hours after the bonding protocol using Transbond XT, SBS was tested at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min in a universal testing machine. After debonding, the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was evaluated at 10 x magnification and compared among the groups. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Tukey's, Mann-Whitney's and Kruskal-Wallis tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: : Mean SBS in MPa were: AL = 0.88 ± 0.84; AC = 12.22 ± 3.45; TL = 12.10 ± 5.11; TC = 17.71 ± 6.16. ARI analysis showed that 73% of the specimens presented the entire adhesive remaining on the tooth surfaces (score 3). TC group presented significantly higher SBS than the other groups. The lased specimens showed significantly lower bond strength than the non-lased groups for both tested brackets. CONCLUSION: : CO2 laser irradiation decreased SBS values of the polycrystalline ceramic brackets, mainly Allure.


Assuntos
Cerâmica/efeitos da radiação , Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Gás/efeitos adversos , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Resistência ao Cisalhamento/efeitos da radiação , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Incisivo , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/efeitos da radiação , Estresse Mecânico
17.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 41(3): 167-172, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28422595

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to answer the focused question: Does the application of phosphoric acid, Er:YAG laser and air abrasion enamel conditioning methods previous to the oclusal sealant application in human permanent molars influence the microleakage? STUDY DESIGN: A literature research was carried out in the Pubmed Medline, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane databases using with the MeSH terms and keyword search strategy. A supplemental hand search of the references of retrieved articles was also performed. Inclusion criteria comprised ex vivo studies (extracted teeth) with permanent human teeth that used chemical (phosphoric acid) or mechanical (Er:YAG laser and air abrasion) conditioning methods previous the sealant application. The studies should evaluate microleakage as an outcome. Meta-analysis pooled plot were obtained comparing the microleakage after pre-treatment with phosphoric acid, Er:YAG and air abrasion enamel conditioning for sealant application using RevMan software. RESULTS: The search resulted in 164 articles, 55 records were excluded because they were duplicated. The analysis of titles and abstracts resulted in the exclusion of 105 studies. Four studies were included in the systematic review and the meta-analysis. According to the risk of bias evaluation, the four studies were considered low risk of bias. The meta-analysis showed that phosphoric acid had lower microleakage than Er:YAG laser (p < 0.001) and air abrasion (p < 0.001), with heterogeinity of I2 = 0% and I2 = 71%, respectively. It was not found statistical difference when compared phosphoric acid and phosphoric acid combined with Er:YAG laser and air abrasion (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The evidence supports that the pretreatment with phosphoric acid leads lower microleakage in oclusal sealants than Er:YAG laser and air abrasion.


Assuntos
Infiltração Dentária/prevenção & controle , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Abrasão Dental por Ar , Materiais Dentários , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Ácidos Fosfóricos
18.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 55-60, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-840225

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess in vitro the influence of the CO2 laser and of the type of ceramic bracket on the shear bond strength (SBS) to enamel. METHODS: A total of 60 enamel test surfaces were obtained from bovine incisors and randomly assigned to two groups, according to the ceramic bracket used: Allure (A); Transcend (T). Each group was divided into 2 subgroups (n = 15): L, laser (10W, 3s); C, no laser, or control. Twenty-four hours after the bonding protocol using Transbond XT, SBS was tested at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min in a universal testing machine. After debonding, the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was evaluated at 10 x magnification and compared among the groups. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Tukey’s, Mann-Whitney’s and Kruskal-Wallis tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Mean SBS in MPa were: AL = 0.88 ± 0.84; AC = 12.22 ± 3.45; TL = 12.10 ± 5.11; TC = 17.71 ± 6.16. ARI analysis showed that 73% of the specimens presented the entire adhesive remaining on the tooth surfaces (score 3). TC group presented significantly higher SBS than the other groups. The lased specimens showed significantly lower bond strength than the non-lased groups for both tested brackets. CONCLUSION: CO2 laser irradiation decreased SBS values of the polycrystalline ceramic brackets, mainly Allure.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro a influência do laser de CO2 sobre a resistência ao cisalhamento da colagem (RCC) no esmalte dentário, usando diferentes tipos de braquetes cerâmicos. MÉTODOS: no total, 60 superfícies de esmalte de incisivos bovinos foram obtidas e aleatoriamente divididas em dois grupos, de acordo com o braquete cerâmico utilizado: Allure (A) e Transcend (T). Cada grupo foi dividido em dois subgrupos (n = 15): L, laser (10W, 3s); C, sem laser, ou controle. Vinte e quatro horas após a colagem dos braquetes com o sistema Transbond XT, foi realizado o teste de resistência ao cisalhamento, com velocidade de 0,5 mm/min, em máquina universal de ensaios mecânicos. Após a descolagem, o Índice de Remanescente de Adesivo (IRA) foi avaliado com aumento de 10X e comparado entre os grupos. Os dados foram analisados pelo ANOVA one-way, testes de Tukey’s, Mann-Whitney’s e Kruskal-Wallis (α = 0,05). RESULTADOS: as médias da RCC em MPa foram: AL = 0,88 ± 0,84; AC = 12,22 ± 3,45; TL = 12,10 ± 5,11; TC = 17,71 ± 6,16. A análise do IRA mostrou que 73% dos corpos de prova apresentaram todo o compósito remanescente aderido à superfície do esmalte (escore 3). O grupo TC apresentou valor significativamente maior de RCC do que os outros grupos. Os corpos de prova dos grupos com laser obtiveram valores adesivos significativamente menores do que os corpos de prova dos grupos sem laser, com ambos os tipos de braquetes. CONCLUSÃO: a irradiação com laser de CO2 diminuiu os valores de RCC dos braquetes policristalinos testados, principalmente do Allure.

19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 21(4): 1231-1241, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27376544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate longitudinally the composite restorations, performed in cavities prepared by Er:YAG or conventional bur, and dentin re-wetting with water or chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty individuals with four active caries with cavitation reaching the dentin located on the occlusal surface of molars counterparts are selected. The teeth of each individual were randomly assigned into four groups: (I) Er:YAG laser (260 mJ/4 Hz) re-wetting with chlorhexidine, (II) Er:YAG laser (260 mJ/4 Hz) re-wetting with deionized water, (III) conventional method re-wetting with chlorhexidine, and (IV) conventional method re-wetting with deionized water. The teeth were isolated, prepared cavities, phosphoric acid etching, and re-wetting according to previously assigned method. Restoration was performed employing the Single Bond 2 and Z350XT resin. Clinical follow-up was held after the polishing of the restoration (baseline) and 6 and 12 months of the making of the restoration using the modified USPHS criteria. The restorations were qualitatively analyzed by means of photographs. In the evaluation period, replicas of the restorations were analyzed by SEM. Data were analyzed by statistics using chi-square test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: After 12 months of clinical evaluation, groups prepared with laser and re-wetting with chlorhexidine and water showed the lowest marginal staining value. There was no statistical difference between the groups for other factors. SEM analysis revealed that a non-expressive amount of restorations showed gaps and irregularities of tooth-restoration interface after 6 and 12 months compared to the baseline. CONCLUSION: The restorations performed in laser-prepared cavities, regardless of the re-wetting, presented the best clinical performance over the evaluated period. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Laser-prepared teeth, regardless of re-wetting, showed greater resistance to marginal discoloration.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Criança , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Cimentos Dentários , Feminino , Humanos , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Resultado do Tratamento , Água , Molhabilidade
20.
J Altern Complement Med ; 23(2): 126-134, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27585312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic pain disorder that is difficult to diagnose and refractory to treatment; it is more prevalent in pre- and postmenopausal women. Acupuncture and auriculotherapy have been suggested as options for the treatment of pain because they promote analgesia and allow for the reduction of symptoms with lower doses of drugs; this leads to greater patient compliance with treatment and has a positive effect on quality of life. Clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of BMS are scarce in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of combined acupuncture and auriculotherapy on pain management and quality of life in patients with BMS. METHODS: Sixty patients with BMS were subjected to a thorough differential diagnosis. Of these, 12 met the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate. Eight patients completed treatment with acupuncture and auriculotherapy using a previously established protocol. The outcome variables were analyzed before and after treatment: pain/burning (visual analog scale; VAS), salivary flow (unstimulated sialometry), and quality of life (Short-Form Oral Health Impact Profile [OHIP-14]). Two-year follow-up was carried out by assessing VAS and OHIP-14. RESULTS: The intensity of pain/burning decreased significantly after the first treatment sessions, as shown by low values on the VAS (0-2) and a subjective indicator of quality of life (mean = 5.37 ± 3.50). There was no relationship between salivary flow and the intensity of pain/burning. At 2-year follow-up, no statistically significant difference was observed for VAS, but improvement on OHIP-14 was seen. CONCLUSIONS: Combined acupuncture/auriculotherapy was effective in reducing the intensity of burning and improving quality of life. There was no relationship between salivary flow and the intensity of burning mouth. Patients' status improved after acupuncture and auriculotherapy at 2-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Auriculoterapia , Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/terapia , Idoso , Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Saliva/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA