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1.
Artigo em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53287

RESUMO

[RESUMO]. • Cerca de ¼ dos adultos têm hipertensão arterial, que é o fator de risco isolado mais importante para morte (incluídas as mortes por cardiopatia e acidente vascular cerebral). • Existem políticas eficazes que poderiam facilitar escolhas pessoais saudáveis para evitar a elevação da pressão arterial e, se plenamente implementadas, podem prevenir a ocorrência da hipertensão arterial. • É fácil rastrear e tratar a hipertensão, MAS somente cerca de 50% dos adultos hipertensos estão cientes de sua condição, e apenas cerca de 1 em cada 7 é tratado adequadamente. • A prevenção e controle da hipertensão é o principal mecanismo de prevenção e controle das doenças não transmissíveis e um modelo para outros riscos de doenças não transmissíveis. • Tratamentos eficazes com mudanças de estilo de vida e medicamentos poderiam prevenir e controlar a hipertensão arterial na maioria das pessoas se aplicados sistematicamente à população; as intervenções simples são viáveis em todos os ambientes e podem melhorar a atenção primária. • É necessária a ação continuada e urgente a fim de obter mudanças efetivas nas políticas públicas e no sistema de saúde para prevenir e controlar a hipertensão arterial.


[ABSTRACT]. • About 1/4th of adults have high blood pressure which is the single most important risk for death (including heart disease and stroke). • There are effective policies that could facilitate people making healthy choices to prevent raised blood pressure, and if fully implemented, could largely prevent hypertension from occurring. • Hypertension is easy to screen and treat for BUT only about 50% of adults with hypertension are aware of their condition and only about 1 in 7 is adequately treated. • Preventing and controlling high blood pressure is the major mechanism for NCD prevention and control and a model for other NCD risks. • Effective lifestyle and drug treatments could prevent and control hypertension in most individuals if systematically applied to the population, simple interventions are feasible in all settings, and can be used to enhance primary care. • Urgent sustained action is needed is needed for effective public policies and health system changes to prevent and control hypertension.


[RESUMEN]. • Cerca de una cuarta parte de los adultos tienen hipertensión, el principal factor de riesgo de muerte (inclusive la causada por cardiopatía y accidente cerebrovascular). • Existen políticas eficaces que podrían ayudar a las personas a elegir opciones saludables para prevenir el aumento de la presión arterial; si se las aplicara plenamente, se podría evitar en gran medida el desarrollo de hipertensión. • La hipertensión es fácil de detectar y tratar, PERO solo alrededor de 50% de los adultos que presentan dicha afección son conscientes de su situación y solamente 1 de cada 7 de ellos recibe el tratamiento adecuado. • La prevención y el control de la hipertensión es el mecanismo principal para prevenir y controlar las enfermedades no transmisibles y un modelo para evitar otros riesgos de presentar dichas enfermedades. • La adopción de un modo de vida saludable y el tratamiento farmacológico efectivo podrían prevenir y controlar la hipertensión en la mayoría de las personas si se implementaran de manera sistemática en la población; en todos los entornos es posible aplicar intervenciones sencillas, que pueden usarse para mejorar la atención primaria. • Es urgente adoptar medidas sostenidas para introducir cambios eficaces en las políticas públicas y los sistemas de salud pública con miras a prevenir y controlar la hipertensión.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Saúde Global , Dieta Hipossódica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hipertensão , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Saúde Global , Dieta Hipossódica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hipertensão , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Saúde Global , Dieta Hipossódica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral
2.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53286

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. • Cerca de una cuarta parte de los adultos tienen hipertensión, el principal factor de riesgo de muerte (inclusive la causada por cardiopatía y accidente cerebrovascular). • Existen políticas eficaces que podrían ayudar a las personas a elegir opciones saludables para prevenir el aumento de la presión arterial; si se las aplicara plenamente, se podría evitar en gran medida el desarrollo de hipertensión. • La hipertensión es fácil de detectar y tratar, PERO solo alrededor de 50% de los adultos que presentan dicha afección son conscientes de su situación y solamente 1 de cada 7 de ellos recibe el tratamiento adecuado. • La prevención y el control de la hipertensión es el mecanismo principal para prevenir y controlar las enfermedades no transmisibles y un modelo para evitar otros riesgos de presentar dichas enfermedades. • La adopción de un modo de vida saludable y el tratamiento farmacológico efectivo podrían prevenir y controlar la hipertensión en la mayoría de las personas si se implementaran de manera sistemática en la población; en todos los entornos es posible aplicar intervenciones sencillas, que pueden usarse para mejorar la atención primaria. • Es urgente adoptar medidas sostenidas para introducir cambios eficaces en las políticas públicas y los sistemas de salud pública con miras a prevenir y controlar la hipertensión.


[ABSTRACT]. • About 1/4th of adults have high blood pressure which is the single most important risk for death (including heart disease and stroke). • There are effective policies that could facilitate people making healthy choices to prevent raised blood pressure, and if fully implemented, could largely prevent hypertension from occurring. • Hypertension is easy to screen and treat for BUT only about 50% of adults with hypertension are aware of their condition and only about 1 in 7 is adequately treated. • Preventing and controlling high blood pressure is the major mechanism for NCD prevention and control and a model for other NCD risks. • Effective lifestyle and drug treatments could prevent and control hypertension in most individuals if systematically applied to the population, simple interventions are feasible in all settings, and can be used to enhance primary care. • Urgent sustained action is needed is needed for effective public policies and health system changes to prevent and control hypertension.


[RESUMO]. • Cerca de ¼ dos adultos têm hipertensão arterial, que é o fator de risco isolado mais importante para morte (incluídas as mortes por cardiopatia e acidente vascular cerebral). • Existem políticas eficazes que poderiam facilitar escolhas pessoais saudáveis para evitar a elevação da pressão arterial e, se plenamente implementadas, podem prevenir a ocorrência da hipertensão arterial. • É fácil rastrear e tratar a hipertensão, MAS somente cerca de 50% dos adultos hipertensos estão cientes de sua condição, e apenas cerca de 1 em cada 7 é tratado adequadamente. • A prevenção e controle da hipertensão é o principal mecanismo de prevenção e controle das doenças não transmissíveis e um modelo para outros riscos de doenças não transmissíveis. • Tratamentos eficazes com mudanças de estilo de vida e medicamentos poderiam prevenir e controlar a hipertensão arterial na maioria das pessoas se aplicados sistematicamente à população; as intervenções simples são viáveis em todos os ambientes e podem melhorar a atenção primária. • É necessária a ação continuada e urgente a fim de obter mudanças efetivas nas políticas públicas e no sistema de saúde para prevenir e controlar a hipertensão arterial.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Saúde Global , Dieta Hipossódica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hipertensão , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Saúde Global , Dieta Hipossódica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hipertensão , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Saúde Global , Dieta Hipossódica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral
3.
Pituitary ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098037

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluated the metabolic profiles and vascular properties in congenital growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) and its replacement in adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted in a single tertiary center for pituitary diseases. Eighty-one adult subjects were divided into three groups: (1) 29 GHD patients with daily subcutaneous GH replacement therapy (GHRT) during adulthood; (2) 20 GHD patients without GHRT during adulthood and (3) 32 controls. Only patients with adequate adherence to others pituitary hormone deficiencies were included. Anthropometric parameters, body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, metabolic profiles and vascular properties (carotid intima media thickness, pulse wave velocity and flow-mediated dilation) were compared among the groups. RESULTS: Waist-to-height ratio (WHR), body fat percentages and fat mass index (FMI) were lower in patients with GHRT than patients without GHRT during adulthood (0.49 ± 0.06 vs. 0.53 ± 0.06 p = 0.026, 30 ± 10 vs. 40 ± 11 p = 0.003 and 7.3 ± 4 vs. 10 ± 3.5 p = 0.041, respectively). In addition, association between longer GHRT and lower body fat percentage was observed (r = - 0.326, p = 0.04). We found higher triglyceride (113.5 ± 62 vs. 78 ± 36, p = 0.025) and lower HDL cholesterol (51 ± 17 vs. 66 ± 23, p = 0.029) levels in patients without GHRT during adulthood in comparison to controls. No statistical differences were observed for vascular properties among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: No differences in vascular properties were observed in congenital GHD adult patients with or without GHRT despite patients without GHRT had an unfavorable body composition. GHRT currently remains an individualized decision in adults with GHD and these findings bring new insight into the treatment and follow-up of these patients.

4.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 22(11): 2114-2120, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966689

RESUMO

Cerebral autoregulation (AR) keeps cerebral blood flow constant despite fluctuations in systemic arterial pressure. The final common AR pathway is made up of vasomotor adjustments of cerebrovascular resistance mediated by arterioles. Structural and functional changes in the arteriolar wall arise with age and systemic arterial hypertension. This study evaluated whether AR is impaired in hypertensive patients and whether this impairment differs with disease control. Three groups of patients were prospectively compared: hypertensive patients under treatment with systolic blood pressure (SBP) <140 and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) <90 mm Hg (n = 54), hypertensive patients under treatment with SBP > 140 or DBP > 90 mm Hg (n = 31), and normotensive volunteers (n = 30). Simultaneous measurements of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and BP were obtained by digital plethysmography and transcranial Doppler, and the AR index (ARI) was defined according to the step response to spontaneous fluctuations in BP. Compared to the uncontrolled hypertension, the normotensive individuals were younger (age 43.42 ± 11.14, P < .05) and had a lower resistance-area product (1.17 ± 0.24, P < .05), although age and greater arteriolar stiffness did not affect the CBFV mean of hypertensive patients, whether controlled or uncontrolled (62.85 × 58.49 × 58.30 cm/s, P = .29), most likely because their ARIs were not compromised (5.54 × 5.91 × 5.88, P = .6). Hypertensive patients under treatment, regardless of their BP control, have intact AR capacity.

5.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 78(7): 412-418, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system changes associated to systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) are progressive and may cause negative effects on cognitive performance. The objective of this study was to investigate the relation between SAH and the components of executive functions (EF), inhibitory control (IC), updating and shifting, comparing a control group (without SAH) to patients with SAH, in two levels of severity. METHODS: The protocol included the following tests to evaluate EF components: T.O.V.A. Test (IC), Backward Digit Span from Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III), Phonemic and Semantic Verbal Fluency (updating), and Trail Making Test Part B (shifting). RESULTS: A total of 204 participants was included: 56 from the Control Group (CG), 87 SAH stage 1, and 61 SAH stage 2. The groups were not different for age (52.37±12.29) and education (10.98±4.06). As to controlled blood pressure (BP), duration of hypertension treatment and number of drugs, the SAH 2 group had a worse BP control, longer duration of hypertension treatment and use of more drugs when compared to the SAH 1. The findings revealed that patients with more severe hypertension presented worse performance in updating (Backward Digit Span, phonemic and semantics VF) and shifting (Trail Making Test Part B). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that patients with SAH have a significant impairment in EF, more specifically in updating and shifting. Besides that, such damage may be directly proportional to the severity of SAH. It is suggested that future studies include neuroimaging exams to exclude possible cerebrovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Cognição/fisiologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Teste de Sequência Alfanumérica
6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(7): 412-418, July 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131724

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Central nervous system changes associated to systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) are progressive and may cause negative effects on cognitive performance. The objective of this study was to investigate the relation between SAH and the components of executive functions (EF), inhibitory control (IC), updating and shifting, comparing a control group (without SAH) to patients with SAH, in two levels of severity. Methods: The protocol included the following tests to evaluate EF components: T.O.V.A. Test (IC), Backward Digit Span from Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III), Phonemic and Semantic Verbal Fluency (updating), and Trail Making Test Part B (shifting). Results: A total of 204 participants was included: 56 from the Control Group (CG), 87 SAH stage 1, and 61 SAH stage 2. The groups were not different for age (52.37±12.29) and education (10.98±4.06). As to controlled blood pressure (BP), duration of hypertension treatment and number of drugs, the SAH 2 group had a worse BP control, longer duration of hypertension treatment and use of more drugs when compared to the SAH 1. The findings revealed that patients with more severe hypertension presented worse performance in updating (Backward Digit Span, phonemic and semantics VF) and shifting (Trail Making Test Part B). Conclusion: The results suggest that patients with SAH have a significant impairment in EF, more specifically in updating and shifting. Besides that, such damage may be directly proportional to the severity of SAH. It is suggested that future studies include neuroimaging exams to exclude possible cerebrovascular diseases.


RESUMO Introdução: As alterações do sistema nervoso central associadas à hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) são progressivas e podem ocasionar efeitos negativos no desempenho cognitivo. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a relação entre a HAS e os componentes das funções executivas (FE), controle inibitório (CI), atualização e alternância, comparando um grupo controle (sem HAS) a pacientes com HAS, em dois níveis de gravidade. Métodos: O protocolo incluiu os seguintes testes para avaliar os componentes das FE: T.O.V.A. Test (CI), Dígitos Ordem Indireta da Escala de Inteligência Wechsler para Adultos (Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale - WAIS-III), Fluência Verbal fonêmica e semântica (atualização) e Teste de Trilhas parte B (alternância). Resultados: Foram incluídos 204 participantes, sendo 56 do Grupo Controle (GC), 87 HAS estágio 1 (HAS 1) e 61 de HAS estágio 2 (HAS 2). Os grupos não foram diferentes em relação à idade (52,37±12,29) e escolaridade (10,98±4,06). Em relação à pressão arterial (PA) controlada, tempo de tratamento da HAS e número de medicações, o grupo HAS 2 apresentou pior controle de PA, mais tempo de tratamento da HAS e uso de maior número de medicações quando comparado ao grupo HAS 1. Os achados revelaram que os pacientes com HAS em estágio mais grave apresentaram pior desempenho nos testes de alternância (Teste de Trilhas parte B) e atualização (Dígitos Ordem Indireta, FV fonêmica e semântica). Conclusão: Esses resultados sugerem que pacientes com a HAS possuem prejuízo significativo em FE, especificamente em alternância e atualização, e que esse prejuízo pode ser diretamente proporcional à gravidade da HAS. Sugere-se que, em estudos futuros, incluam-se exames de neuroimagem com o objetivo de excluir possíveis doenças cerebrovasculares.

9.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Patients with systemic autoimmune myopathies (SAMs) have high prevalence of dyslipidemia and, consequently, possible endothelial dysfunction and vascular stiffness. Our objective was to evaluate the possible benefits on endothelial function and vascular stiffness, as well as adverse effects of atorvastatin in SAMs. METHODS: A pilot longitudinal, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted. Twenty-four of 242 patients were randomized at a 2:1 ratio to receive atorvastatin (20 mg/d) or placebo for a period of 12 weeks. Demographic data, comorbidities, and clinical and laboratory parameters, as well as endothelial function and arterial stiffness, were evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 24 randomized patients, 4 patients were excluded, with remaining 20 patients (14 in the atorvastatin group and 6 in the placebo group). The mean age of the patients was 49.0 years, and 75% of the patients were female. At baseline, the demographic data, disease status, treatment, cardiovascular comorbidities, and risk factors were comparable between the atorvastatin and placebo groups. After 12 weeks of follow-up of atorvastatin therapy, no improvements were observed for endothelial function and arterial stiffness in either group (p > 0.05). As expected, a significant reduction in total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels was observed. During the study, no clinical intercurrences or disease relapses were observed in either group. CONCLUSIONS: The atorvastatin drug attenuated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol without worsening clinical outcomes in SAMs. No change was observed for endothelial function and arterial stiffness. Additional studies, with long-term follow-up time and different atorvastatin dosage, are needed to corroborate the results of this study.

10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(6): 1082-1083, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800683

Assuntos
Artérias , Tontura , Humanos , Postura
13.
In. Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda M; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira. Tratado de Cardiologia: SOCESP / Cardiology Treaty: SOCESP. São Paulo, Manole, 4ª; 2019. p.506-517.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009121
16.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(3)jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-916417

RESUMO

As situações clínicas de aumento súbito da pressão arterial (PA) que caracterizam as crises hipertensivas são comuns na prática clínica, principalmente nas consultas realiza-das no pronto atendimento, portanto, o diagnóstico adequado é essencial para o melhor tratamento e desfecho clínico. A crise hipertensiva é definida pelo aumento súbito na PA (≥180 /120 mmHg) e a necessidade da redução agressiva da PA depende da gravidade da situação clinica associada. A presença de lesões novas ou progressivas em órgãos-alvo e risco iminente de morte definem as emergências hipertensivas que requerem tratamento imediato visando a rápida redução da pressão arterial, porém, não, necessariamente, a níveis normais. Na maioria dos casos, a velocidade do aumento da PA é mais importante que o nível real da PA, portanto, é fundamental que haja avaliação clínica para o diagnóstico preciso dessas condições clínicas, as quais incluem encefalopatia hipertensiva, síndromes coronarianas agudas, edema agudo dos pulmões, acidente vascular cerebral, dissecção de aorta e eclampsia. As metas para diminuição da PA para as emergências hipertensivas, de acordo com o órgão-alvo envolvido, são revisadas pelas atuais diretrizes brasileiras e ame-ricanas de hipertensão. O tratamento das emergências hipertensivas inclui vasodilatadores de ação direta e bloqueadores adrenérgicos já consagrados, entretanto, evidências recentes mostram o benefício do uso de novos fármacos ainda não disponíveis em nosso meio


The clinical conditions of an acute rise in blood pressure (BP) that characterize hyperten-sive crises are common in clinical practice, particularly in consultations that take place in the emergency room. Therefore the correct diagnosis is important for the best treatment and clinical outcome. Hypertensive crisis is defined as a sudden rise in BP (≥ 180/120 mmHg), and the need for aggressive reduction of BP depends on the severity of the associated clinical situation. The presence of new or progressive target organ injury and imminent risk of death define hypertensive emergencies requiring immediate treatment aimed at rapid reduction of blood pressure, not ne-cessarily to normal levels. In most cases, the speed of the rise in BP is more important than the actual level of BP, and clinical evaluation is essential for the accurate diagnosis of these clinical conditions, which include hypertensive encephalopathy, acute coronary syndromes, pulmonary edema, stroke, aortic dissection, and eclampsia. The goals of BP reduction for hypertensive emergencies, according to the target organ involved, have been reviewed by the current Brazi-lian and American guidelines on hypertension. Treatment of hypertensive emergencies includes direct action vasodilators and adrenergic blockers, which are already well established, but recent evidence shows the benefit of the use of new drugs, not yet available in Brazil


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Aorta , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Clonidina/uso terapêutico , Dissecação/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Guias como Assunto/normas , Nitroprussiato/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Órgãos-Alvo , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 110(5): 430-437, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MSyn) in vegetarians (VEG) despite the inconclusive evidence from others. OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between diet and other lifestyle characteristics and the prevalence of MSyn, cardiovascular risk factors (CRF), and Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in apparently healthy VEG and omnivorous (OMN) men. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 88 apparently healthy men ≥ 35 years, 44 VEG and 44 OMN, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP) and FRS. To test the association between lifestyle and MSyn, Student t test, chi-square test, and multiple logistic regression model were used. A significance level of 5% was considered in all statistical analyses. RESULTS: Several CRF were significantly lower in VEG than in OMN: body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, apolipoprotein b, glucose, and glycated hemoglobin (all p < 0.05). The FRS mean was lower in VEG than in OMN (2.98 ± 3.7 vs 4.82 ± 4.8, p = 0.029). The percentage of individuals with MSyn was higher among OMN than among VEG (52.3 vs.15.9%) (p < 0.001). The OMN diet was associated with MSyn (OR: 6.28 95%CI 2.11-18.71) and alterations in most MSyn components in the multiple regression model independently of caloric intake, age and physical activity. CONCLUSION: The VEG diet was associated with lower CRF, FRS and percentage of individuals with MSyn.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Vegetarianos , Adulto , Antropometria , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Colesterol , LDL-Colesterol , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Vegetariana , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 18(1): 123, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29921220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidences suggest that central hemodynamics indexes are independent predictors of future cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Multiple factors have been pointed to have potential influence on central aortic function: height, heart rate, left ventricular ejection duration and blood pressure level. Data related to the influence of gender and postmenopausal status on aortic waveform reflection is scarce. We aim to evaluate the impact of gender and menopause on central blood pressure of hypertensive patients. METHODS: In a cross sectional study 122 hypertensive patients (52 men and 70 women) were studied. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure (BP) levels ≥140/90 mmHg or use of antihypertensive drugs. Central arterial pressure, augmentation index (AIx) and augmentation index normalized to 75 bpm (AIx75) were obtained using applanation tonometry. Menopause and postmenopause history were accessed by a direct series of questions. Postmenopause was defined as at least one year since last menstruation. Patients were paired by age, gender and menopausal status, and the data were compared considering gender and menopausal status. RESULTS: Height and weight were significantly lower in women than in men at the same age. Conversely, AIx (32.7 ± 9.8% vs. 20.1 ± 11.7%, p < 0.01), AIx75 (29.6 ± 6.7% vs. 18.3 ± 9.4%, p < 0.01) and central systolic blood pressure (136 ± 30 vs. 125 ± 23 mmHg, p = 0.03) were higher in women than men. The menopausal women (mean age of menopause = 48 years) had the worst indexes of aortic wave reflection, compared to men at the same age and younger women. CONCLUSION: Hypertensive women had both higher reflected aortic pressure waveform and central blood pressure indexes than hypertensive men, and these findings were worsened by the menopausal status.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Menopausa , Rigidez Vascular , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(5): 430-437, May 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-950148

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Recent studies have shown a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MSyn) in vegetarians (VEG) despite the inconclusive evidence from others. Objective: To verify the association between diet and other lifestyle characteristics and the prevalence of MSyn, cardiovascular risk factors (CRF), and Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in apparently healthy VEG and omnivorous (OMN) men. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 88 apparently healthy men ≥ 35 years, 44 VEG and 44 OMN, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP) and FRS. To test the association between lifestyle and MSyn, Student t test, chi-square test, and multiple logistic regression model were used. A significance level of 5% was considered in all statistical analyses. Results: Several CRF were significantly lower in VEG than in OMN: body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, apolipoprotein b, glucose, and glycated hemoglobin (all p < 0.05). The FRS mean was lower in VEG than in OMN (2.98 ± 3.7 vs 4.82 ± 4.8, p = 0.029). The percentage of individuals with MSyn was higher among OMN than among VEG (52.3 vs.15.9%) (p < 0.001). The OMN diet was associated with MSyn (OR: 6.28 95%CI 2.11-18.71) and alterations in most MSyn components in the multiple regression model independently of caloric intake, age and physical activity. Conclusion: The VEG diet was associated with lower CRF, FRS and percentage of individuals with MSyn.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos recentes mostraram menor prevalência de Síndrome Metabólica (SM) em vegetarianos (VEG), apesar de evidências inconclusivas de outros. Objetivo: Verificar associação entre dieta e características do estilo de vida e a prevalência de SM, fatores de risco cardiovascular (FRCV) e Escore de Framingham (EF) em homens VEG e onívoros (ONI) aparentemente saudáveis. Métodos: Neste estudo transversal, 88 homens aparentemente saudáveis ≥ 35 anos, VEG (n = 44) e ONI (n = 44), foram avaliados quanto a dados antropométricos, pressão arterial, lípides plasmáticos, glicemia, proteína C reativa e EF. Para testar associação entre estilo de vida e SM, o teste t de Student, o teste qui-quadrado e a regressão logística múltipla foram utilizados. Foi considerado nível de significância de 5% em todas as análises estatísticas. Resultados: Os níveis dos FRCV avaliados foram menores nos VEG do que nos ONI: índice de massa corporal, pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica, colesterol total, LDL-colesterol, apolipoproteína b, glicemia e hemoglobina glicada (p < 0,05). O EF foi menor nos VEG do que nos ONI (2,98 ± 3,7 vs. 4,82 ± 4,8; p = 0,029). A porcentagem de indivíduos com SM foi maior entre ONI do que entre VEG (52,3 vs.15,9%) (p < 0,001). A dieta ONI foi associada com a SM (OR: 6,28 IC95% 2,11-18,71) e alterações na maioria dos componentes da SM no modelo de regressão logística múltipla, independentemente de ingestão calórica, idade e atividade física. Conclusão: A dieta VEG foi associada com menores taxas de FRC e menores EF e porcentagem de indivíduos com SM.

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