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1.
J Pers Med ; 11(3)2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806927

RESUMO

This study investigated the potential of salivary bacterial and protein markers for evaluating the disease status in healthy individuals or patients with gingivitis or caries. Saliva samples from caries- and gingivitis-free individuals (n = 18), patients with gingivitis (n = 17), or patients with deep caries lesions (n = 38) were collected and analyzed for 44 candidate biomarkers (cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, matrix metalloproteinases, a metallopeptidase inhibitor, proteolytic enzymes, and selected oral bacteria). The resulting data were subjected to principal component analysis and used as a training set for random forest (RF) modeling. This computational analysis revealed four biomarkers (IL-4, IL-13, IL-2-RA, and eotaxin/CCL11) to be of high importance for the correct depiction of caries in 37 of 38 patients. The RF model was then used to classify 10 subjects (five caries-/gingivitis-free and five with caries), who were followed over a period of six months. The results were compared to the clinical assessments of dental specialists, revealing a high correlation between the RF prediction and the clinical classification. Due to the superior sensitivity of the RF model, there was a divergence in the prediction of two caries and four caries-/gingivitis-free subjects. These findings suggest IL-4, IL-13, IL-2-RA, and eotaxin/CCL11 as potential salivary biomarkers for identifying noninvasive caries. Furthermore, we suggest a potential association between JAK/STAT signaling and dental caries onset and progression.

2.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 625229, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33816334

RESUMO

Physiological hormonal fluctuations exert endogenous pressures on the structure and function of the human microbiome. As such, the menstrual cycle may selectively disrupt the homeostasis of the resident oral microbiome, thus compromising oral health. Hence, the aim of the present study was to structurally and functionally profile the salivary microbiome of 103 women in reproductive age with regular menstrual cycle, while evaluating the modifying influences of hormonal contraceptives, sex hormones, diet, and smoking. Whole saliva was sampled during the menstrual, follicular, and luteal phases (n = 309) of the cycle, and the participants reported questionnaire-based data concerning their life habits and oral or systemic health. No significant differences in alpha-diversity or phase-specific clustering of the overall microbiome were observed. Nevertheless, the salivary abundances of genera Campylobacter, Haemophilus, Prevotella, and Oribacterium varied throughout the cycle, and a higher species-richness was observed during the luteal phase. While the overall community structure maintained relatively intact, its functional properties were drastically affected. In particular, 11 functional modules were differentially abundant throughout the menstrual cycle, including pentose phosphate metabolism, and biosynthesis of cobalamin and neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid. The menstrual cycle phase, but not oral contraceptive usage, was accountable for greater variations in the metabolic pathways of the salivary microbiome. Further co-risk factor analysis demonstrated that Prevotella and Veillonella were increased in current smokers, whereas high dietary sugar consumption modified the richness and diversity of the microbiome during the cycle. This is the first large study to systematically address dysbiotic variations of the oral microbiome during the course of menstrual cycle, and document the additive effect of smoking and sugar consumption as environmental risk factors. It reveals the structural resilience and functional adaptability of the oral microbiome to the endogenous hormonal pressures of the menstrual cycle, while revealing its vulnerability to the exogenous exposures of diet and smoking.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6406, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742017

RESUMO

Oral health is important not only due to the diseases emerging in the oral cavity but also due to the direct relation to systemic health. Thus, early and accurate characterization of the oral health status is of utmost importance. There are several salivary biomarkers as candidates for gingivitis and periodontitis, which are major oral health threats, affecting the gums. These need to be verified and validated for their potential use as differentiators of health, gingivitis and periodontitis status, before they are translated to chair-side for diagnostics and personalized monitoring. We aimed to measure 10 candidates using high sensitivity ELISAs in a well-controlled cohort of 127 individuals from three groups: periodontitis (60), gingivitis (31) and healthy (36). The statistical approaches included univariate statistical tests, receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) with the corresponding Area Under the Curve (AUC) and Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis. The main outcomes were that the combination of multiple biomarker assays, rather than the use of single ones, can offer a predictive accuracy of > 90% for gingivitis versus health groups; and 100% for periodontitis versus health and periodontitis versus gingivitis groups. Furthermore, ratios of biomarkers MMP-8, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were also proven to be powerful differentiating values compared to the single biomarkers.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1153: 338280, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714441

RESUMO

We present a simple and fast one-step heterogeneous immunoassay, with performance characteristics that can enable easy and versatile adaptation to miniaturized, automated point-of-care systems. This novel analytical method uses magnetic and fluorescent beads as capture and detection agents respectively. Its main feature is the measurement of the fluorescent signal in the bound-free phase for (semi-)quantitative detection of analytes. Thus, no washing is required and the workflow consists only of sample and reagent supply, incubation, separation and detection. The immunoassay concept is demonstrated with C-reactive protein (CRP), a systemic inflammation marker. CRP in only 5 µL of undiluted serum was measured in the range 20-140 mg L-1 (includes clinically relevant cut-off values). The limit of detection (LOD) was 22.1 ± 6.3 mg L-1 (incubation 15 min). A CRP certified reference material was measured on five different days. Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 4.6 ± 1.9% and 5.6% respectively. To demonstrate the compatibility of the assay concept with additional matrices and concentration ranges, three oral inflammation markers, namely matrix metalloproteinases 8 and 9 (MMP-8, MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1), were measured in saliva in the ranges 0.47-30 ng mL-1 for MMP-8 and MMP-9, and 0.69-44 ng mL-1 for TIMP-1. LODs were 0.24 ng mL-1, 0.38 ng mL-1 and 0.39 ng mL-1 respectively (incubation 20 min). Multiplexing capacity of the assay concept was also shown with these markers. The demonstrated excellent reproducibility of the results, combined with the versatility and low complexity of the introduced immunoassay concept, make it an attractive candidate for applied analytical chemistry and automated point-of-care testing.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2888, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33536478

RESUMO

The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) and peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1) are involved in the propagation of inflammatory responses. This study investigated whether serum levels of TREM-1 and PGLYRP1 correlate with periodontitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A total of 154 non-smoking participants with RA (n = 55, F/M: 41/14), Behçet´s disease (BD, n = 41, F/M: 30/11) and healthy controls (HC, n = 58, F/M: 40/18) were recruited. Serum and saliva were collected, the 28-joint disease activity score (DAS-28) was calculated and dental/periodontal measurements were recorded. Serum TREM-1 and PGLYRP1 levels were measured by ELISA and salivary bacterial DNA counts by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. TREM-1 and PGLYRP1 levels were higher in RA (166.3 ± 94.3; 155.5 ± 226.9 pg/ml) than BD (102.3 ± 42.8; 52.5 ± 26.3 pg/ml) and HCs (89.8 ± 55.7; 67.4 ± 37.3 pg/ml) (p < 0.05). In RA, periodontitis was associated with increased TREM-1 and PGLYRP1 levels (p < 0.05), yet in patients under methotrexate TREM-1 levels were lower. TREM-1 correlated with C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, DAS-28 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate, whereas PGLYRP1 positively correlated with CRP. RA patients displayed 3.5-fold higher salivary bacterial DNA counts than HCs. Increased serum TREM-1 levels correlated with PGLYRP1, CRP and DAS-28-ESR in RA patients with periodontitis.

6.
Arch Oral Biol ; 124: 105065, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556788

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: During pregnancy, mothers undergoe considerable physiological changes affecting the whole body including periodontal tissues. Susceptibility to gingival inflammation during pregnancy could be mediated by modulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate salivary and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of MMPs and TIMPs during the second and third trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. DESIGN: Saliva and GCF samples were collected from 96 pregnant women (PW) before and after giving birth. The sixty matched non-pregnant women (N-PW) were recruited as a control group and full-mouth periodontal examination was performed. The levels of MMP-8, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were determined by immunofluorometric and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS: The PW group exhibited significantly higher levels of MMP-8 and MMP-9 in their saliva than the N-PW group while corresponding salivary TIMP-1 levels were significantly lower in NPW compared to the postpartum stage. This resulted in significantly higher MMP-8/TIMP-1 and MMP-9/TIMP-1ratio in the saliva from PW before and after birth than in that from N-PW. MMP-8, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels were higher in GCF from PW and postpartum than in that from N-PW. CONCLUSIONS: MMP-8 and MMP-9 levels in saliva and GCF reflect inflammatory burden during pregnancy. They could be used for monitoring the inflammatory state of gingival tissues during pregnancy.

7.
J Periodontal Res ; 56(2): 205-218, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410172

RESUMO

"Open-ended" molecular techniques such as 16S rRNA sequencing have revealed that the oral bacteriome of subgingival plaque is more diverse than originally thought. 16S rRNA analysis has demonstrated that constituents of the overall bacterial community are qualitatively similar in health and disease, differing mainly in their relative proportions with respect to each other. Species in low abundance can also act as critical species, leading to the concept of global community dysbiosis which relates to shifts in community structure, rather than shifts in membership. Correlation analysis suggests that coordinated interactions in the community are essential for incipient dysbiosis and disease pathogenesis. The subgingival bacteriome also provides biomarkers that are useful for disease detection and management. Combined with clinical and biological parameters, these may assist clinicians in developing and implementing effective treatment strategies to restore microbial homeostasis and monitor disease. Identification of higher risk groups or poor responders to treatment using unique subgingival bacteriome signatures may also lead to early intervention.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Microbiota , Periodontite , Disbiose , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , Periodontite/genética , Periodontite/terapia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine whether serum antibodies against selected periodontal pathogens are associated with early symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development in healthy individuals at risk of developing the disease. METHODS: Within an ongoing study cohort of first-degree relatives of patients with RA (RA-FDRs), we selected four groups corresponding to specific preclinical phases of RA development (n = 201). (1) RA-FDR controls without signs and symptoms of arthritis nor RA-related autoimmunity (n = 51); (2) RA-FDRs with RA-related autoimmunity (n = 51); (3) RA-FDRs with inflammatory arthralgias without clinical arthritis (n = 51); (4) RA-FDRs who have presented at least one swollen joint ("unclassified arthritis") (n = 48). Groups were matched for smoking, age, sex and shared epitope status. The primary outcome was IgG serum levels against five selected periodontal pathogens and one commensal oral species assessed using validated-in-house ELISA assays. Associations between IgG measurements and preclinical phases of RA development were examined using Kruskal-Wallis or Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: None of the IgGs directed against individual periodontal pathogens significantly differed between the four groups of RA-FDRs. Further analyses of cumulated IgG levels into bacterial clusters representative of periodontal infections, revealed significantly higher IgG titers against periodontopathogens in anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA)-positive RA-FDRs (p = 0.015). Current smoking displayed a marked trend towards reduced IgG titers against periodontopathogens. CONCLUSION: Our results do not suggest an association between serum IgG titers against individual periodontal pathogens and specific preclinical phases of RA development. However, associations between cumulative IgG titers against periodontopathogens and the presence of ACPAs suggest a synergistic contribution of periodontopathogens to ACPA development.

9.
Periodontol 2000 ; 85(1): 46-81, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226703

RESUMO

The emergence of high-throughput technologies for the comprehensive measurement of biomolecules, also referred to as "omics" technologies, has helped us gather "big data" and characterize microbial communities. In this article, we focus on metaproteomic and metabolomic approaches that support hypothesis-driven investigations on various oral biologic samples. Proteomics reveals the working units of the oral milieu and metabolomics unveils the reactions taking place; and so these complementary techniques can unravel the functionality and underlying regulatory processes within various oral microbial communities. Current knowledge of the proteomic interplay and metabolic interactions of microorganisms within oral biofilm and salivary microbiome communities is presented and discussed, from both clinical and basic research perspectives. Communities indicative of, or from, health, caries, periodontal diseases, and endodontic lesions are represented. Challenges, future prospects, and examples of best practice are given.

10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 10: 588155, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33117738

RESUMO

Efforts to map gingival tissue proteomes and microbiomes have been hampered by lack of sufficient tissue extraction methods. The pressure cycling technology (PCT) is an emerging platform for reproducible tissue homogenisation and improved sequence retrieval coverage. Therefore, we employed PCT to characterise the proteome and microbiome profiles in healthy and diseased gingival tissue. Healthy and diseased contralateral gingival tissue samples (total n = 10) were collected from five systemically healthy individuals (51.6 ± 4.3 years) with generalised chronic periodontitis. The tissues were then lysed and digested using a Barocycler, proteins were prepared and submitted for mass spectrometric analysis and microbiome DNA for 16S rRNA profiling analysis. Overall, 1,366 human proteins were quantified (false discovery rate 0.22%), of which 69 proteins were differentially expressed (≥2 peptides and p < 0.05, 62 up, 7 down) in periodontally diseased sites, compared to healthy sites. These were primarily extracellular or vesicle-associated proteins, with functions in molecular transport. On the microbiome level, 362 species-level operational taxonomic units were identified. Of those, 14 predominant species accounted for >80% of the total relative abundance, whereas 11 proved to be significantly different between healthy and diseased sites. Among them, Treponema sp. HMT253 and Fusobacterium naviforme and were associated with disease sites and strongly interacted (r > 0.7) with 30 and 6 up-regulated proteins, respectively. Healthy-site associated strains Streptococcus vestibularis, Veillonella dispar, Selenomonas sp. HMT478 and Leptotrichia sp. HMT417 showed strong negative interactions (r < -0.7) with 31, 21, 9, and 18 up-regulated proteins, respectively. In contrast the down-regulated proteins did not show strong interactions with the regulated bacteria. The present study identified the proteomic and intra-tissue microbiome profile of human gingiva by employing a PCT-assisted workflow. This is the first report demonstrating the feasibility to analyse full proteome profiles of gingival tissues in both healthy and disease sites, while deciphering the tissue site-specific microbiome signatures.

11.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933084

RESUMO

Oral health is maintained by a healthy microbiome, which can be monitored by state-of-the art diagnostics. Therefore, this study evaluated the presence and quantity of ten oral disease-associated taxa (P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, T. denticola, F. nucleatum, C. rectus, P. intermedia, A. actinomycetemcomitans, S. mutans, S. sobrinus, oral associated Lactobacilli) in saliva and their clinical status association in 214 individuals. Upon clinical examination, study subjects were grouped into healthy, caries and periodontitis and their saliva was collected. A highly specific point-of-care compatible dual color qPCR assay was developed and used to study the above-mentioned bacteria of interest in the collected saliva. Assay performance was compared to a commercially available microbial reference test. Eight out of ten taxa that were investigated during this study were strong discriminators between the periodontitis and healthy groups: C. rectus, T. forsythia, P. gingivalis, S. mutans, F. nucleatum, T. denticola, P. intermedia and oral Lactobacilli (p < 0.05). Significant differentiation between the periodontitis and caries group microbiome was only shown for S. mutans (p < 0.05). A clear distinction between oral health and disease was enabled by the analysis of quantitative qPCR data of target taxa levels in saliva.

12.
J Clin Periodontol ; 47(11): 1304-1316, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777086

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to characterize the salivary proteome during the induction and resolution of gingival inflammation in the course of human experimental gingivitis (EG), and to cluster the proteomic profiles based on the clinically defined "slow" and "fast" response patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 unstimulated whole saliva were obtained from the EG model which was induced over 21 days (days 0, 7, 14 and 21), followed by a two-week resolution phase (day 35). Label-free quantitative proteomics using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was applied. Regulated proteins were subject to Gene Ontology enrichment analysis. RESULTS: A total of 804 human proteins were quantified by ≥ 2 peptides. Principal component analysis depicted significant differences between "fast" and "slow" responders. Despite gingival and plaque scores being similar at baseline among the two groups, "fast" responders presented with 48 proteins that were at > 4-fold higher levels than "slow" responders. These up-regulated proteins showed enrichment in "antigen presentation" and "proteolysis." CONCLUSIONS: Together, these findings highlight the utility of integrative systems-level quantitative proteomic approaches to unravel the molecular basis of "salivary proteotypes" associated with gingivitis dubbed as "fast" and "slow" responders. Hence, these differential responses may help prognosticate individual susceptibility to gingival inflammation.

13.
Transplant Proc ; 52(10): 3231-3235, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells (TREMs) and their ligand, peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP-1), have been detected in secretions from patients with inflammatory diseases, which may lead to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Here, we aimed to analyze the association between salivary concentrations of soluble (s)TREM-1 and PGLYRP-1 with death and cardiovascular disease before and after kidney transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Saliva samples from 53 patients on dialysis were collected during their regular dental evaluation before treatment and after kidney transplantation. Oral inflammatory burden was assessed from panoramic radiographs and full-mouth dental examination. Demographic data, graft function, patient survival, and history of major cardiovascular events (MACEs) were retrieved from hospital records. RESULTS: Salivary sTREM-1 before transplantation increased the odds for death and MACE. In addition, PGLYRP-1 increased the odds for MACE before transplantation. After transplantation, neither salivary sTREM-1 nor PGLYRP-1 increased the odds for death or MACE, probably because of the previous eradication of oral inflammatory foci. None of the studied biomarkers correlated with kidney transplant function. CONCLUSIONS: Salivary sTREM-1 and PGLYRP-1 before transplantation were associated with MACE and death. The utility of salivary proinflammatory biomarkers for risk stratification in kidney transplant candidates requires further investigation.

14.
J Periodontol ; 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a suspected environmental risk factor for the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, correlation mechanisms between the two pathologies remain elusive. This study examined potential correlations between detached subgingival bacteria collected in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and RA parameters. METHODS: RA patients (n = 52, F:M = 40:12), patients with Behcet's disease (BD, n = 40, F:M = 29:11) as another systemic inflammatory disease were studied along with a systemically healthy control group (HC, n = 57, F:M = 40:17). All participants were non-smokers. Full mouth periodontal parameters were recorded. RA activity was assessed using the 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS-28). Rheumatoid factors (RFs)-IgM and -IgA were measured by ELISA. GCF samples were investigated by means of fluorescent in situ hybridization for 10 different bacterial taxa. RESULTS: The taxa TM7, Synergistetes cluster B, Leptotrichia, Megasphaera, Anaeroglobus geminatus, and Tannerella forsythia displayed significantly differential abundances between the groups. Whereas abundances of Megasphaera and A. geminatus were significantly increased in the RA group, only Porphyromonas gingivalis displayed significant correlations with plaque scores, bleeding on probing, and RF-IgA. RA patients displaying RF-IgA levels >75 IU/mL exhibited five-fold more abundant P. gingivalis levels than patients below the threshold. This association with RF-IgA levels appeared even more pronounced, by six-fold more P. gingivalis (P = 0.025), in patients with a DAS-28 score >3.2, indicative of moderate/very active RA. CONCLUSIONS: Unattached GCF bacteria may mediate the association between periodontitis and RA, and monitoring the bacterial composition of GCF might inform on RA activity. The role of newly identified bacterial taxa in RA warrants further investigations.

15.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 14(3): e1900022, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32426939
16.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 14(3): e2000011, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223062

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Periodontitis is linked to a localized dysbiotic microbial shift. This trending may often not be evident due to deep taxonomic changes of low abundance organisms and lack of consideration of variations in the treatment response. By using next generation sequencing this study aims to evaluate the salivary microbiome dynamics of periodontal treatment and the implication of treatment outcome EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis are treated non-surgically and followed up for 6 months. Saliva is collected for microbiome profiling by next generation sequencing and diversity analysis, as well as quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The treatment outcome on the first follow-up is also considered. RESULTS: Clinical parameters are significantly improved following treatment, but with no accompanying relative abundance changes on the phylum, genus and species levels, or diversity indices. Distinctive differences are observed on species level when the sensitive qPCR is used. Patients responding poorly to treatment display a marginally lower microbiome profile distance from baseline, compared to those responding favorably. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Periodontal treatment does not alter the broader salivary microbiome profile, but may have selective implications on the species level. Treatment outcome can be impactful in the microbiome profile, as reduced microbiome changes may be associated with poorer clinical responses.

17.
J Periodontol ; 91(10): 1339-1347, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-threatening chronic inflammatory disease in children due to respiratory complications. Saliva could serve as a reservoir of bacterial colonization and potentially reflect systemic inflammation. This study investigated whether salivary triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1), peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1), interleukin (IL)-1ß, and calprotectin are associated with CF or reflect concomitant gingival inflammation. METHODS: Ten CF (aged 3 to 12 years) and 10 systemically healthy (SH) age- and sex-matched children (C) were enrolled in the study. Individuals with CF underwent routine laboratory determinations. Probing depth, gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded on fully erupted teeth and saliva samples collected. Salivary TREM-1, PGLYRP1, IL-1ß, and calprotectin were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Children with CF had significantly higher BOP scores (P = 0.001) and calprotectin levels (P = 0.017) compared with the C group. TREM-1, PGLYRP1, and IL-1ß could not distinguish between CF and SH but showed positive correlation with GI, PI, and BOP in both groups. Calprotectin levels positively correlated with procalcitonin (P = 0.014), thrombocyte counts (P = 0.001), mean platelet volume (P = 0.030), and with PGLYRP1 (P = 0.019) and IL-1ß (P = 0.013) in CF children. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for calprotectin (CFvsC) showed an area under the curve of 0.79 (95% CI 0.58 to 0.99, P = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: CF children presented with higher gingival inflammation scores and salivary calprotectin levels, that correlated with systemic inflammatory markers. Salivary calprotectin levels were not associated with periodontal parameters. Hence, preliminary data demonstrate that salivary calprotectin might have a chairside diagnostic potential for CF in children.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Gengivite , Biomarcadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Humanos , Inflamação , Saliva
18.
Oral Dis ; 26(5): 1045-1052, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Association was investigated between oral health before dialysis and the incidence of systemic infections during dialysis. We hypothesized that low-grade systemic inflammation caused by poor oral health associates with infectious episodes in patients on dialysis, despite earlier eradication of oral infection foci. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 117 patients (46 with peritoneal and 71 with hemodialysis) were examined and treated at predialysis stage and followed up during dialysis. Number of infection episodes and microorganisms cultured from blood and peritoneal fluid were analyzed. Number of teeth, periodontal inflammatory burden, and total dental index scores were assessed, and salivary matrix metalloproteinase 8, triggering receptor on myeloid cells 1, peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1), and interleukin-1ß were measured. RESULTS: In hemodialysis, 134 infection episodes were recorded, while peritoneal dialysis group had 77 peritonitis episodes. Culture-negative samples were 69% in hemodialysis and 23% in peritoneal dialysis group. Staphylococci were the most frequently associated microorganisms. Infections during dialysis did neither associate with oral health parameters nor associate with salivary inflammatory biomarkers, except for PGLYRP1, which associated with number of infection episodes during hemodialysis (p = .046). CONCLUSIONS: A number of infection episodes during hemodialysis were associated with salivary PGLYRP1 but not the other salivary markers or oral infection markers.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Saúde Bucal , Diálise Renal , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Infecções/complicações , Inflamação , Doenças da Boca/complicações , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos
19.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 14(3): e1900058, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026584

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To decipher the underlying immunological mechanisms in predisposition to oral microbial dysbiosis in severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Ten SCN patients (5-23 years old) and 12 healthy controls (5-22 years old) are periodontally examined and provided saliva, subgingival plaque, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples. The SCN patients received oral hygiene therapy and are re-evaluated after 6 months. Antimicrobial peptides HPN1-3 and LL-37 are assessed in saliva by ELISA. Concentration of 30 cytokines is measured in saliva and GCF by human 30-plex panel, while bacterial profiles of saliva and subgingival plaque are assessed using 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing. RESULTS: There is no significant difference in salivary HPN1-3 and LL-37 concentration between the SCN patients and controls. At baseline, clinical, immunological, and microbiological parameters of the patients are indicative of oral ecological dysbiosis. The SCN patients have significantly higher bleeding on probing (BOP)%, GCF volume, and cytokine levels, high bacterial load with low bacterial diversity in saliva. The associations between the microbiome and immunological parameters in the SCN patients differ from those in the healthy individuals. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: SCN patients have a dysregulated immune response toward commensal oral microbiota, which could be responsible for the observed clinical and microbiological signs of dysbiosis.

20.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 14(3): e1900092, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999389

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Periodontal diseases, the most common chronic inflammatory diseases in humans, do not only affect tooth-supporting tissues but also other body parts by contributing to the development of life-threatening conditions. Since currently available diagnostic methods in periodontics lack the ability to identify patients at high risk for periodontal disease progression, development of innovative, non-invasive, rapid detection methods for diagnosing periodontal diseases is needed. This study aims to assess the potential of infrared attenuated total reflection (IR-ATR) spectroscopy to detect differences in composition of saliva supernatant in non-periodontitis individuals (control) and patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis (G-AgP). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: IR-ATR is performed with a wavelength interval from 1230 to 1180 cm-1 , analyzed with a simple subtraction in absorbance data. RESULTS: Ten samples show in the analysis of variance of the two data sets a true difference (99.8%). A principal component analysis (PCA) is able to discriminate between G-AgP and control groups. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study demonstrates for the first time that IR-ATR spectroscopy is a promising tool for the analysis of saliva supernatant for the diagnosis of periodontitis, and potentially other periodontal conditions. IR-ATR spectroscopy holds the potential to be miniaturized and utilized as a non-invasive screening test.

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