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1.
Surg Neurol Int ; 13: 358, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128137

RESUMO

Background: Hemangioblastomas (HBs) typically present with benign behavior and are most commonly found in the posterior fossa. Multiple central nervous system (CNS) HBs are usually associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease, and leptomeningeal dissemination of sporadic HBs is extremely rare. A review of the literature identified 30 cases of leptomeningeal dissemination of sporadic HBs previously published in the literature. Case Description: We report the case of a patient who was diagnosed with multiple CNS HBs with aggressive progression 6 years after resection of a posterior fossa HB. He underwent multiple surgeries and died 4 years after the diagnosis of the first spinal dissemination. Conclusion: Dissemination of sporadic HBs is rare and aggressive disease evolution is usually observed. Further studies are necessary to determine the optimal therapeutic options.

2.
Eur Spine J ; 31(10): 2664-2674, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic facet dislocations in the subaxial cervical spine, also known as locked facets, are commonly associated with neurological deficits. The fear of the presence of an associated traumatic disc herniation and consequent neurological worsening usually causes a delay in the spinal realignment. This study's aim is an analysis of safety and efficacy when treating acute cervical traumatic facet dislocations using cranial-cervical traction or posterior open reduction and fixation in the presence of disc herniations. METHODS: Inclusion criteria addressed the following patient groups: (1) MRI diagnosis of traumatic cervical facet dislocations with disc herniation, (2) intervention: either cranial-cervical traction or posterior open reduction and fixation, (4) neurological outcomes after treatment, (5) adult 18 plus years of age, (6) sample sizes greater than 20 patients, (7) English language publication. The following databases and search tools were analyzed: MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Google Scholar, and the clinical trial registries (ClinicalTrials.gov), October 2021. RESULTS: Six studies were found, 2 with posterior open reduction and fixation and 4 with cranial-cervical traction, totalizing 197 patients. Neurological worsening was reported only in 1 case (0.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Traumatic disc herniation in cervical facet dislocations is not an absolute contraindication of cranial-cervical traction or posterior open reduction. Early realignment of the spine could bring more neurological benefits than waiting for an MRI or surgical discectomy. However, caution is needed in this review's data interpretation until prospective and well-designed studies are performed.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Luxações Articulares , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Neurosurg Rev ; 45(4): 2659-2669, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35596874

RESUMO

Adult cervical spine traumatic facet joint dislocations occur when excessive traumatic forces displace the vertebrae's facets, leading to loss of joint congruence. Reduction requires either cranial traction or open surgical procedures. This study aims to appraise the effects of different surgical techniques in the treatment of subaxial cervical spine acute traumatic facet blocks in adults. This study was based on a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, registered in Prospero (CRD42021279249). The PICO question was composed of adults with acute cervical spine traumatic facet dislocations submitted to anterior or posterior surgical approaches, associated or not with cranial traction for reduction. Each surgical technique was compared to the other. The primary clinical outcomes included neurological improvement or worsening and surgical success/failure rates. The anterior approach without cranial traction was efficient in reducing facet displacements. Skull traction was an efficient and immediate method to achieve spine dislocation reductions. Differences were not present among techniques regarding neurological improvement. There were no surgical failures in patients operated on via the posterior approach. The need to decompress and stabilize the cervical spine can be achieved by anterior or posterior surgical approaches, and there is no clear answer as to which initial approach is superior to the other.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Fusão Vertebral , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral , Articulação Zigapofisária , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais/lesões , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Articulação Zigapofisária/lesões , Articulação Zigapofisária/cirurgia
4.
Neurol Sci ; 43(4): 2519-2524, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is incurable, idiopathic, degenerative, and progressive, and affects about 1% of the elderly population. Multidisciplinary clinical treatment is the best and most adopted therapeutic option, while surgical treatment is used in less than 15% of those affected. In practice, there is a lack of reliable and validated scales for measuring motor impairment, and monitoring and screening for surgical indications. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an instrument for measuring parkinsonian motor impairment in candidates for neurosurgical treatment. METHOD: The development and validation methods followed published guidelines. The first part was the choice of domains that would make up the construct: cardinal signs of disease (tremor, rigidity (stiffness), posture/balance/gait, hypokinesia/akinesia, and speech), along with pain and dyskinesia. A multi-professional working group prepared an initial pilot instrument. Ten renowned specialists evaluated, judged, and suggested modifications to the instrument. The second phase was the evaluation of the content of each domain and the respective ability to classify commitment intensity. The third phase was the correction of the main flaws detected and new submission to the board. The instrument was applied to 41 candidates for neurosurgical treatment in two situations: with and without medication RESULTS: The final form received 100% agreement from the judges. Its average time for application was 8 min. It was very responsive (p = 0.001, Wilcoxon) in different situations (On-Off). CONCLUSION: TRASP-D is a valid instrument for measuring motor impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease who are candidates for neurosurgical treatment. It allows measurement in multiple domains with reliability and sensitivity.


Assuntos
Transtornos Motores , Doença de Parkinson , Idoso , Humanos , Hipocinesia/diagnóstico , Hipocinesia/etiologia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tremor
5.
Spine J ; 22(5): 756-768, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis is a relatively common pathology, and surgical treatment is an option in selected cases. The common use of anterior column support by interbody fusion (IBF) has not been adequately studied. PURPOSE: The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the functional and surgical outcomes after posterolateral fusion (PLF) and IBF for the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to identify studies analyzing the effects of IBF compared to those of instrumented PLF on degenerative spondylolisthesis. PATIENT SAMPLE: A total of 1,063 patients were included in the analysis. Of them, 470 patients were treated with PLF and 593 with IBF. OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcomes analyzed were the visual analog scale and numerical rating scale scores for back pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) score, 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (physical and mental components) score, blood loss amount, surgical time, hospital stay duration, fusion rate, lumbar lordosis, sacral slope, and postoperative complications. METHODS: A search was conducted using the MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases for studies published between January 1985 and February 2021. Both retrospective and prospective studies that compared between IBF and PLF were included. RESULTS: A total of 2,819 articles were screened, and 38 full-text articles were selected for a detailed investigation, of which 12 articles were found to match all the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. There was an improvement in the sacral slope (mean difference [MD] = 3 [95% confidence interval {CI} = 0.83-5.17]) and fusion rate (odds ratio [OR] = 0.47 [95% CI = 0.26-0.86]) in the IBF group. The incidence of neural injury was higher in the IBF group (OR = 0.28 [95% CI = 0.13-0.60]) than in the PLF group. There were no differences in the back pain scores, ODI, SF-36 score, blood loss amount, surgical time, hospital stay duration, lumbar lordosis, infection, and durotomy between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: IBF for the treatment of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis showed better results in terms of the fusion rate and sacral slope, but which did not translate into better clinical outcomes. Further randomized and prospective studies are necessary to elucidate the optimal therapeutic options.


Assuntos
Lordose , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Lordose/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Espondilolistese/etiologia , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that Chiari malformation (CM) and basilar invagination (BI) are largely due to disproportion between the content and volume of the posterior fossa. A recent study identified an increased association between brachycephaly and BI. In several types of craniosynostosis, the posterior fossa volume is smaller than normal, and this is more pronounced in coronal synostosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between CM and BI. METHODS: The cephalic index (CI) measured on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from a sample of patients with craniocervical malformation was compared with that of normal subjects. RESULTS: The average CI in the craniovertebral junction malformation (CVJM) group was significantly higher in BI patients than in normal subjects. The BI patients also had the highest CI among the whole sample of patients (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, BI patients had the highest CI among patients with CVJM and a significantly higher CI than those in the control group. Our data confirm the association between BI and brachycephaly.

7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(10): 1427-1431, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351438

RESUMO

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of the telemedicine care model implemented to treat and guide patients with COVID-19 related symptoms and indicators during the pandemic. METHODS: This is a retrospective study with data collected from the electronic records of standardized forms for assistance. As a way of evaluating the work performed, the number of consultations, types of referrals, efficiency of care, and patient satisfaction were observed. RESULTS: Between April 2 and October 15, 2020, 92 professionals attended 3,660 patients by telemedicine; out of them, 523 (14.3%) were referred to a COVID-19 attending room, 128 (3.5%) to other specialties, 123 (3.4%) to a general emergency department, and 2,886 (78.9%) were monitored via home care. Of the total number of patients, 81 (2.2%) were hospitalized, and 13 (0.35%) died. CONCLUSION: Telemedicine offered useful tools for the care, treatment, and monitoring of patients with COVID-19 during the pandemic. The service was considered by most respondents as satisfactory, resolutive, or safe.


Assuntos
Humanos , Telemedicina , COVID-19 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Endosc Int Open ; 9(8): E1214-E1221, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447867

RESUMO

Background and study aims Regardless of size, duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (dNETs) should be considered potentially malignant. A complete resection without complications is essential to increase safety procedures. The aim of this review was to describe effectiveness and possible complications of endoscopic techniques resection for resectioning dNETs in patients with tumors ≤ 20 mm in diameter. Methods An electronic bibliographic search was conducted using MEDLINE (via PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar virtual databases. The types of intervention were endoscopic mucosal resection alone (EMR) or with cap (EMR-C), with a ligation device (EMR-L), with previous elevation of the tumor (EMR-I) or with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD); argon plasm coagulation (APC), and polypectomy. The outcome measures adopted were presence of free margin associated with tumor resection, tumor recurrence, complications (bleeding and perforation), and length of the procedure. Results Ten publications were included with the result of 224 dNET resections. EMR alone and polypectomy resulted in the most significantly compromised margin. The most frequent complication was bleeding (n = 21), followed by perforation (n = 8). Recurrence occurred in 13 cases, the majority of those under EMR or EMR-I. Conclusions EMR-C or EMR-I should be preferred for resectioning of dNETs. Polypectomy should not be indicated for resection of dNETs due to the high occurrence of incomplete resections. EMR alone must be avoided due a higher frequency of compromised margin and recurrent surgery. ESD was associated with no recurrence, however, but an increased occurrence of bleeding and perforation.

9.
Surg Neurol Int ; 12: 242, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34221573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improved thoracolumbar spine trauma classification (TLSTC) systems can better help diagnose and treat thoracolumbar spine trauma (TLT). Here, we identified the types of injury (rationale and description), instability criteria, and treatment guidelines of TLSTC. METHODS: We used the PubMed/MEDLINE database to assess TLSTC according to the following variables: injury morphology, injury mechanism, spinal instability criteria, neurological status, and treatment guidelines. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies, 18 case series and three reviews were included in the study. Treatment guidelines were proposed in 16 studies. The following three major parameters were identified in TLSTC studies: injury morphology (19/21 studies), posterior ligamentous complex (PLC) disruption alone as the main spinal instability criterion (15 studies), and neurological damage (12 studies). Most classification systems neglected the severity of vertebral body comminution. CONCLUSION: We identified here the 3 main parameters for the evaluation of diagnosis and treatment of TLT: injury morphology, PLC disruption, and neurological damage. Based on our review, we may conclude that further clinical validation studies of TLSTC are warranted.

10.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 67(1): 125-130, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of withdrawal of the antiparkinsonian drug regimen administration on patients with PD and its relation to pain. METHODS: The sample included 22 men and 12 women who were candidates for neurosurgery to control motor signs and symptoms treated with L-dopa as a drug, alone or in combination with others (Cholinergic Antagonists; Dopamine Agents). All of them were examined at two different moments, with and without medication, and analyzed for painful symptoms. The Hoehn and Yahr scale was used for functional staging of the disease. Pain intensity was assessed by using the numerical verbal scale. RESULTS: The mean pain intensity among those on medication {2.17±0.39 (SE)} was significantly lower than in the abstinence group {4.2±0.59 (SE), p=0.006, Wilcoxon}, which corresponded to the increase in the total functional staging score from 93 to 111, respectively. CONCLUSION: The interruption of the administration of specific medications in patients with Parkinson's disease caused, or increased the intensity of, painful discomfort correlated with the intensity of functional impairment. This effect was also observed in women, but it was statistically relevant only for men. The results suggest that pain may be a "red flag" that points to the need for a therapeutic drug review when its presence or worsening is detected.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Antiparkinsonianos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Levodopa/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/etiologia , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(1): 125-130, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287781

RESUMO

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of withdrawal of the antiparkinsonian drug regimen administration on patients with PD and its relation to pain. METHODS: The sample included 22 men and 12 women who were candidates for neurosurgery to control motor signs and symptoms treated with L-dopa as a drug, alone or in combination with others (Cholinergic Antagonists; Dopamine Agents). All of them were examined at two different moments, with and without medication, and analyzed for painful symptoms. The Hoehn and Yahr scale was used for functional staging of the disease. Pain intensity was assessed by using the numerical verbal scale. RESULTS: The mean pain intensity among those on medication {2.17±0.39 (SE)} was significantly lower than in the abstinence group {4.2±0.59 (SE), p=0.006, Wilcoxon}, which corresponded to the increase in the total functional staging score from 93 to 111, respectively. CONCLUSION: The interruption of the administration of specific medications in patients with Parkinson's disease caused, or increased the intensity of, painful discomfort correlated with the intensity of functional impairment. This effect was also observed in women, but it was statistically relevant only for men. The results suggest that pain may be a "red flag" that points to the need for a therapeutic drug review when its presence or worsening is detected.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/etiologia , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Levodopa/efeitos adversos , Antiparkinsonianos/efeitos adversos
12.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 67(10): 1427-1431, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of the telemedicine care model implemented to treat and guide patients with COVID-19 related symptoms and indicators during the pandemic. METHODS: This is a retrospective study with data collected from the electronic records of standardized forms for assistance. As a way of evaluating the work performed, the number of consultations, types of referrals, efficiency of care, and patient satisfaction were observed. RESULTS: Between April 2 and October 15, 2020, 92 professionals attended 3,660 patients by telemedicine; out of them, 523 (14.3%) were referred to a COVID-19 attending room, 128 (3.5%) to other specialties, 123 (3.4%) to a general emergency department, and 2,886 (78.9%) were monitored via home care. Of the total number of patients, 81 (2.2%) were hospitalized, and 13 (0.35%) died. CONCLUSION: Telemedicine offered useful tools for the care, treatment, and monitoring of patients with COVID-19 during the pandemic. The service was considered by most respondents as satisfactory, resolutive, or safe.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Telemedicina , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
14.
World Neurosurg ; 138: 521-529.e2, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chiari malformation (CM) is defined as a herniation of cerebellar tonsils below the foramen magnum and is considered to be due to underdevelopment of posterior fossa (PF) bone components. There is overcrowding of neural structures, and normal cerebrospinal fluid circulation is frequently blocked. Although several publications exist of measurements of dimensions and volumes from bone components of PF in CM, there is no systematic review evaluating quantitatively these dimensions. The aim of this study was to evaluate PF dimensions and volumes in a meta-analysis. METHODS: An electronic search using PubMed and Google Scholar was done. Study eligibility criteria were defined by the PICO strategy, which selected patients and interventions. Studies comparing PF dimensions between patients with CM and normal subjects were selected. A meta-analysis of pooled data was done using statistical software. RESULTS: Data for pooled analysis were obtained from 12 studies. Data synthesis was based on small published sample sizes in the majority of studies. Key findings included smaller measurements of clivus, supraoccipital bone, and PF area dimensions in patients with CM compared with normal subjects. Brainstem and cerebellar length was not different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: This review provides evidence of smaller measurements of clivus, supraoccipital bone, and PF area dimensions in patients with CM compared with normal subjects. An implication of the key findings is that surgical treatment of CMs should consider the smaller dimensions of PF in planning.


Assuntos
Malformação de Arnold-Chiari/patologia , Cefalometria , Fossa Craniana Posterior/patologia , Osso Occipital/patologia , Malformação de Arnold-Chiari/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fossa Craniana Posterior/anatomia & histologia , Fossa Craniana Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Osso Occipital/anatomia & histologia , Osso Occipital/diagnóstico por imagem , Tamanho do Órgão , Platibasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Platibasia/patologia , Valores de Referência , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Front Oncol ; 10: 139, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32117777

RESUMO

von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHLS) is a rare, autosomal dominant genetic disease with high penetrance and variable phenotypic expression caused by variants in the VHL gene. VHLS is associated with the presence of vascular tumors, often hemangioblastoma of the central nervous system, retina, or spinal cord and, less frequently, pancreatic cystic neoplasm, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, clear cell carcinoma of the kidney, endolymphatic sac tumor, pheochromocytoma, and paraganglioma. The authors report a case of a patient with VHLS with a rare pathogenic variant in the VHL gene and with an optic nerve hemangioblastoma, a rare phenotypic expression. Case report: A 49-year-old woman was diagnosed with cystic neoplasm of the pancreas, renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney, and hemangioblastoma of the left optic nerve. The patient's family history revealed siblings with VHLS manifestations. The index case was her mother who died at age 63 of clear cell renal carcinoma. The information was obtained by consulting the patient's medical register and by interviews with the patient and her relatives. The presence of left optic nerve hemangioblastoma was suggested by CT scan of the skull and orbit. The sequencing of the VHL gene was performed in the peripheral blood by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, and the duplication and deletion research was performed using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MPLA) technique. The presence of a rare pathogenic variant c.263G> A (p.Trp88Ter) was observed in heterozygosity in the VHL gene that determined a premature stop codon. CT scan of the skull and orbits suggested the presence of HB in the optic nerve of the left eye. The results of the CT scan of the skull and orbits show thickening with tortuosity of the left optic nerve, with a small area of nodular enhancement. The right optic nerve had a conserved aspect. Conclusion: This is the fourth case described of this rare pathogenic variant of the VHL gene, according to the Human Gene Mutation Database and VHLdb database records and with an optic nerve hemangioblastoma of the optic nerve, a very rare phenotypic expression of the VHLS.

17.
World Neurosurg ; 136: 374-381.e4, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In pituitary tumors, the presence of residual tumor after transsphenoidal surgery and recurrence of the tumor after resection are frequent, and the best treatment is not well established. The effects and complications of stereotactic radiosurgery have not been extensively studied. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to reveal the effect of stereotactic radiosurgery on residual and recurrent adenomas. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature in the MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Central Database, and Google Scholar was conducted using the criteria of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. The search was structured according to the PICOT (i.e., Participants, types of Interventions, Comparator between the treatments, types of Outcome measures, and Follow-up [Time of duration]) strategy. The methodologic quality assessment (risk of bias) was performed according to the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies scale. The studies were grouped and analyzed after data extraction using the software "R". RESULTS: Twenty-six articles including 2315 patients were analyzed, with an average follow-up duration of 57.8 months and mean radiation marginal dose of 19.6 Gy. The overall tumor control rate was 95%, tumor reduction rate was 46%, and hormonal control rate was 67%. The side effects were evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: Stereotactic radiosurgery was efficient in residual or recurrence tumor control, with few side effects, and is recommended for treating residual or recurrent tumors, both secreting and nonsecreting tumors. A limitation of this study is that there were no randomized trials included in the synthesis.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Adenoma/patologia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasia Residual/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Neurol Sci ; 41(2): 249-256, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598783

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Symptomatic Chiari type I malformation (CM) is treated with posterior fossa decompression with/ without duroplasty. Few authors suggested cerebellar tonsil caudal migration due to a supposed "caudal traction" of cranial nerve structures in a so-called occult tethered cord syndrome. For these authors, filum terminale (FT) sectioning may improve CM symptoms. The objective of this review is to evaluate the effect of FT sectioning on the treatment of CM. METHODS: Using the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews, we reviewed studies to evaluate patient's outcomes with CM who underwent FT sectioning. The MINORS instrument was used for methodological quality assessment. The included studies' levels of evidence (LOE) were classified according to the Oxford Centre of Evidence-Based Medicine. RESULTS: Two studies from the same group of authors were included. We cannot assure if the cited cases in the first study were also included in their latter published study. The described results suggest that outcomes were not collected in a standardized fashion. Outcomes are described vaguely as a percentage of improvement. Case series samples were small and included not only patients with CM but also patients with scoliosis and syringomyelia. The MINORS score reported that both studies had low methodological quality. Both included studies were classified as level 4 of evidence. CONCLUSION: There is no scientific support for filum terminale sectioning in patients with CM without evidence of tethered cord. This procedure may be considered experimental and should be validated in a strict criterion of inclusion clinical trial comparing outcomes in posterior fossa decompression.


Assuntos
Malformação de Arnold-Chiari/cirurgia , Cauda Equina/cirurgia , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/cirurgia , Siringomielia/cirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Escoliose/cirurgia
20.
World Neurosurg ; 134: e783-e789, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The treatments described for spinal synovial cysts range from percutaneous puncture to arthrodesis. There is a fear of postoperative instability after surgical resection of cysts, mainly when they are associated with degenerative spondylolisthesis. The objective of the article is to address the postoperative instability and recurrence rate of the symptoms after microsurgery without fusion. METHODS: We report a consecutive series of 50 patients with lumbar synovial cysts operated on with microsurgery without arthrodesis. Functional status was assessed postoperatively by the MacNab success scale and by self-assessment using the Weiner scale, the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36), and the Oswestry scale. The presence of preoperative and postoperative instability was determined with static and dynamic lumbar spine X-rays before surgery and in the last follow-up at 2 years to evaluate the presence of spondylolisthesis before and after surgery. Facet inclination angle and stage of disc degeneration at the level of the cysts were evaluated. Disc degeneration was defined by the modified Pfirrmann grading system. RESULTS: The mean Oswestry index was 12 ± 12.6% (median 8, 0-53). Based on the MacNab scale, 98% were considered excellent and good. The Weiner scale showed that low back pain was present in 16% of patients postoperatively. There was significant improvement of leg strength and pain in 96% and 94%, respectively. Only 3 patients were reoperated on with late fusion. Total surgical resection was obtained in all cases, with a late fusion rate of only 6% and no recurrence at the operated site. CONCLUSIONS: The microsurgical treatment for synovial cysts without arthrodesis presented excellent and good results in the majority of cases. It is necessary to carry out prospective randomized studies to clarify the best therapeutic options.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Microcirurgia/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Cisto Sinovial/cirurgia , Articulação Zigapofisária/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Instabilidade Articular/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espondilolistese/complicações , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Sinovial/complicações , Cisto Sinovial/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
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