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1.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This investigation evaluated the effect of two sintering modes of a translucent zirconia (Y-TZP) on its surface roughness, topography, phase-transformation (t → m), translucency and biaxial flexure fatigue strength. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To do so, 50 Y-TZP discs (Ø = 15 mm; thickness = 1.2 mm; IPS e.max ZirCAD LT) were prepared and divided into two groups: Standard mode (SM) and Fast mode (FM). Staircase fatigue testing was performed (piston-on-three balls set-up, ISO 6872:2015), as well as surface roughness, profilometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM-FEG), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), phase transformation (t → m) using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), translucency parameter analysis (TP and TP00 ) and fractography. RESULTS: The results showed no statistical significant differences for roughness parameters (p > 0.05, SM: Ra = 0.13 ± 0.02, Rz = 1.21 ± 0.26 and RSm = 24.91 ± 2.19; FM: Ra = 0.14 ± 0.03, Rz = 1.32 ± 0.25 and RSm = 24.68 ± 2.16) or flexural fatigue strength (SM: 512 (464-560) MPa; FM: 542 (472-611) MPa) between the groups. In addition, similarity in surface morphological features (SEM and profilometry), composition and phases (EDX and XRD) was observed between the firing protocols. Fractography showed that the failure origin occurred on the tensile side. Sintering mode did not affect the TP (F = 0.001, p = 0.97) and TP00 (F = 0.12, p = 0.72). CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, the fast-sintering mode is suggested as a viable alternative to the standard mode since it does not influence the evaluated surface morphology, microstructure, fatigue strength and translucency of a translucent monolithic zirconia. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The fast sintering mode is a viable alternative for zirconia without compromising its topography, microstructure, mechanical performance or translucency.

2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of four different finishing procedures on the fatigue strength of a fully stabilized zirconia (5Y-FSZ) material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Disc-shaped specimens of a 5Y-FSZ (Katana UTML, Kuraray Noritake) were made (ISO 6872-2015), grinded with 600- and 1200-grit silicon carbide paper, sintered as recommended, and randomly assigned into four groups according to the finishing technique: C (control, as-sintered), P (polished with polishing rubbers), G (glaze application - powder/liquid technique), and PG (polished with polishing rubbers + glaze application - powder/liquid). Then fatigue strength (staircase method), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses were performed. RESULTS: The C group presented the lowest fatigue strength, while the PG group presented the highest. The P and G groups presented intermediate behavior, presenting similar statistical results. XRD showed similar crystalline phase patterns for all groups. SEM images revealed some changes in the zirconia surface, with the P group presenting some scratches on the surface, while the scratches in the PG group were filled with the glaze material. CONCLUSION: None of the techniques analyzed in this study impaired the fatigue strength of fully stabilized zirconia. Importantly, the polishing rubbers combined with glaze application (PG group) improved its fatigue strength. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The polishing rubbers followed by glaze application improve the fatigue strength in ultra-translucent zirconia.

3.
J Adhes Dent ; 24(1): 147-154, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416442

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the interfacial fracture energy (IFE) and stress distribution of Brazil-nut-shaped specimens made of translucent zirconia and resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three types of translucent zirconia were used: 3Y-TZP (high, Vita YZ HT), 4Y-TZP (super, Vita YZ ST), and 5Y-TZP (extra, Vita YZ XT). The adhesive surfaces were air abraded and 10-MDP-based resin cement was used. The cemented Brazil-nut-shaped specimens, with an elliptical defect in the center (as in real Brazil nuts), were thermally aged (5°C-55°C; 40,000 cycles). The IFE test was conducted with a piston to apply compression on the specimen, while the adhesive interface was positioned at four different angles (0, 10, 20, and 30 degrees) to measure the IFE during tensile, shear, and mixed failure modes. All adhesive interfaces were observed to determine failure patterns. The finite element analysis (FEA) was used to calculate tensile and shear stress distributions according to inclinations. Statistical analysis was conducted using the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-hoc tests (95%), as well as the Mann-Whitney test (95%) was applied to compare each group regarding the aging factor. RESULTS: According to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-hoc tests, there were no statistically significant differences between non-aged (p > 0.05) and aged materials (p > 0.05). However, there was a significant difference between aged and non-aged materials for all inclinations (p < 0.05) (Mann-Whitney test). According to the FEA, the compressive loading of Brazil-nut-shaped specimens at different angles showed a predominance of tensile stress at 0 degrees and shear stress at 30 degrees. CONCLUSION: The IFE under predominantly shear stresses is higher than when specimens are subjected only to tensile stresses, which allows the interpretation that failures in the oral environmental will probably occur preferentially under tensile stresses, because less energy is needed. All translucent zirconia bonded to resin cement has similar IFE, and thermal aging negatively affects these bonding interfaces.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
4.
Eur J Dent ; 2022 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35114726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate, by means of a fatigue life test, different ceramic materials used in palatal veneers to restore the canine guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five standardized anatomical preparations were made in extracted healthy human canines with 1.2 uniform thickness. Samples were scanned, restorations were designed and milled in polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN, Vita Enamic), zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS, Vita Suprinity), and high translucent yttrium oxide-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (YZHT, Vita YZHT). Dental preparations were etched, restorations were processed according to the manufacturers' recommendations, and adhesively cemented. Then, three samples of each group were tested with load-to-fracture to determine the fatigue parameters. In addition, the palatal veneers stresses were evaluated using numerical models through finite element analysis. RESULTS: The mean of the monotonic test for PICN, ZLS, and YZHT was 674.18 N, 560.5 N, and 918.98 N, respectively. The StepWise test was performed until specimen fracture or until suspension of the test after 1.2 × 106 cycles. Regarding survival, using the Kaplan-Meier method, PICN presented results for the mean and median of 245.21 N and 225 N, respectively; ZLS had an average of 175.76 N and a median of 168 N, and YZHT with an average of 383.30 N and a median of 366 N. Regarding the Weibull method, PICN showed results of 5.43 ß and 264 η for form and scale, respectively; ZLS had 36.14 ß for form and 380.67 η for scale; and YZHT presented 4.95 ß for form and 417.38 η for scale. The highest stress value was calculated for YZHT, ZLS, and PICN, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to conclude that all tested materials have the possibility of being used for rehabilitation of upper canines' palatal surface.

5.
Dent J (Basel) ; 10(1)2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35049610

RESUMO

This study evaluated the influence of distal implants angulation and framework material in the stress concentration of an All-on-4 full-arch prosthesis. A full-arch implant-supported prosthesis 3D model was created with different distal implant angulations and cantilever arms (30° with 10-mm cantilever; 45° with 10-mm cantilever and 45° with 6-mm cantilever) and framework materials (Cobalt-chrome [CoCr alloy], Yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal [Y-TZP] and polyetheretherketone [PEEK]). Each solid was imported to computer-aided engineering software, and tetrahedral elements formed the mesh. Material properties were assigned to each solid with isotropic and homogeneous behavior. The contacts were considered bonded. A vertical load of 200 N was applied in the distal region of the cantilever arm, and stress was evaluated in Von Misses (σVM) for prosthesis components and the Maximum (σMAX) and Minimum (σMIN) Principal Stresses for the bone. Distal implants angled in 45° with a 10-mm cantilever arm showed the highest stress concentration for all structures with higher stress magnitudes when the PEEK framework was considered. However, distal implants angled in 45° with a 6-mm cantilever arm showed promising mechanical responses with the lowest stress peaks. For the All-on-4 concept, a 45° distal implants angulation is only beneficial if it is possible to reduce the cantilever's length; otherwise, the use of 30° should be considered. Comparing with PEEK, the YTZP and CoCr concentrated stress in the framework structure, reducing the stress in the prosthetic screw.

6.
Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin ; 25(3): 239-246, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559574

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the biomechanical behavior, stress distributions and bone microstrain of fixed partial dentures (FPD) with ceramic abutments supported on monotype zirconia implants, titanium implants and two-piece zirconia implants, using finite element analysis. A three-dimensional model of the jaw was simulated containing 1.0 mm thick cortical bone and cancellous bone tissue. A FPD and implant models (4.1 x 10 mm) were modeled containing a cement-retained implant abutment. These models were replicated in three groups with similar geometries: Titanium Implant and Zirconia Abutment (Ti-Zr); Zirconia Implant and Zirconia Abutment (Zr-Zr) and Monotype Zirconia Implant (Zr-S). An axial load of 300 N was applied to the center of the first premolar. The microstrain (µÎµ) and the Von-Mises stress (MPa) were assumed as failures criteria. For the three groups, a higher stress concentration was observed in the region of FPD connectors. The Ti-Zr group showed a higher stress concentration in the prosthesis and implant when compared to the other groups. However, the smaller elastic modulus of the titanium implant, in relation to the zirconia, provided a lower stress in the abutment and in the prosthetic screw. The monotype implant system allowed a more homogeneous stress distribution and its strain were predominantly located in the cervical region of the peri-implant bone tissue. Monotype or two-piece zirconia implants can be used for rehabilitation with FPD. However, the absence of separation between implant and abutment in the monotype system avoids the stress concentration in the prosthetic screw and reduced the peri-implant bone strain.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Dente Suporte , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Prótese Parcial Fixa , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Estresse Mecânico , Titânio , Zircônio
7.
Braz Dent J ; 32(3): 44-55, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755789

RESUMO

In the RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), veneering ceramic and framework are fabricated by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and then cemented to obtain the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the thickness of veneering ceramic manufactured by the RLT technique on the fracture resistance (FR) of bilayer crowns with zirconia frameworks. Twenty zirconia frameworks and twenty feldspathic posterior crowns with two different veneering ceramic occlusal thicknesses (1mm=TF1; 2mm=TF2) were manufactured using CAD/CAM system. The specimens were luted to an epoxy resin abutment with resin cement and mechanically cycled (200N and 4.5×105 Pa, 37°C, 2×106 cycles, 3Hz). The FR test was performed (10kN, 0.5mm/min), and the specimens were analyzed in a stereomicroscope. For the stress analysis (finite element analysis, FEA), a 10kN load was equal to the in vitro test, and the principal stress was evaluated. The FR data were analyzed by Student's t-test and Weibull's analysis. The thickness influenced the FR of bilayer crowns. The FR was higher in the TF2 than in the TF1 group. The TF2 group presented the highest characteristic strength compared to the group TF1. The predominant type of failure was delamination. The FEA showed higher stress concentrations below the loading application point at the veneering cement interface in the 1-mm-thick model. The bilayer crowns manufactured using the approach of 2mm of veneering ceramic promoted higher FR compared to the group with 1mm veneering ceramic. Also, the FEA showed that the veneer ceramic thickness has an effect on stress distribution in zirconia-based bilayer crowns.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Tecnologia , Zircônio
8.
Braz Dent J ; 32(2): 53-63, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614061

RESUMO

The present study was a prospective, controlled, randomized, clinical short-term trial aiming to evaluate the clinical performance of adhesively luted, lithium disilicate and feldspathic glass-ceramics onlays over a period up to 2 years. A total of 11 patients (7 female, 4 male; age range: 18-60 years, mean age: 39 years) were selected for this study. Each patient received a maximum of two restorations per group in a split-mouth-design. LD: Eleven onlays, performed with lithium disilicate-based ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), and FP: Eleven onlays, performed with feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II, Vita Zanhfabrik, Bad Säckingen). Recalls were performed at 2 weeks (baseline = R1), 1 year (R2) and 2 years (R3) after the cementation by three calibrated blinded independent investigators using mirrors, magnifying eyeglasses, probes and bitewing radiographs. The postoperative sensitivity, secondary caries, marginal integrity, marginal discoloration, color match, surface roughness, tooth integrity, and restoration integrity were evaluated. The Friedman test was used to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in time-to-time comparison of the parameters in the ceramics restorations. A total of 95.4% of the restorations were clinically acceptable at the 2-year recall, without a difference for any evaluation parameter for both ceramic materials. Based on the 2-year data, the CAD-CAM onlays manufactured with feldspathic and lithium-disilicate based ceramics showed similar clinical performance.


Assuntos
Restaurações Intracoronárias , Boca , Adolescente , Adulto , Porcelana Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(5): 429-435, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549926

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Using the microshear bond strength (µSBS) test, this study investigated the bond strength between a hybrid ceramic and the extrinsic characterization layer after different ceramic surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hybrid ceramic blocks (Vita Enamic, Vita Zahnfabrik) were sectioned and randomly divided into 4 groups (N = 120) according to the surface treatment and aging (n = 15): P: polishing; E: acid etching with HF; A: aluminum oxide blasting; S: self-etching ceramic primer. The specimens were silanized, then cylinders of light-curing characterization material (Vita Enamic Stain, 1.6 mm diameter x 2 mm height) were fabricated, followed by glazing. The specimens were subsequently immersed in distilled water for 24 h and subjected to the µSBS test using a universal testing machine (load cell 0.5 mm/min, 50 kgf) or tested after thermocycling for 10,000 cycles in water (5°C-55°C). After treatment, the specimen surfaces were analyzed using SEM, with failure types defined as adhesive, predominantly adhesive, or cohesive. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The most frequent failure type was predominantly adhesive between ceramic and the characterization layer. There were statistically significant differences between the surface treatments (p < 0.05). Thermocycling did not lead to statistically signifcant different results (p > 0.05). For groups P and A, a sharp decrease in SBS was observed. CONCLUSION: The absence of surface treatment drastically reduced the microshear bond strength between the ceramic and the characterization layer. Conditioning with 5% hydrofluoric acid for 60 s is the most suitable treatment for adhesion of the characterization layer to hybrid ceramic.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
10.
Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr ; 14(3): 254-260, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a lack of data regarding the influence of different laminates for mouthguard reinforcement in the mechanical response during an impact in the orofacial region. The aim of this study was to verify the influence of the laminate framework on the stresses and strains of the anterior teeth and displacement of ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) custom-made mouthguards during a simulated impact. The null hypotheses was that the different laminates reinforcement would present the similar effect in maxillary structures, regardless the elastic modulus. METHODS: A finite element model of human maxillary central incisors with an antagonist contact was used. A linear quasi-static analysis was used to simulate the force exerted during an impact. A total of 5 different layers were simulated inside the mouthguard at the labial portion according to the Elastic Modulus 1 MPa (Extremely flexible), 9 GPa (Low modulus reinforcement), 18 GPa (Without reinforcement), 50 GPa (Flexible alloy), 100 GPa (Titanium alloy) and 200 GPa (Hard material). The results were evaluated by means of Maximum Principal Stress (in the tooth and bone), Microstrain (periodontal ligament) and Displacement (mouthguard) criteria. RESULTS: The elastic modulus of the material inside the MG influenced the stress distribution on the enamel buccal face. However, it did not affect the bone tissue stress, periodontal ligament strain or root dentin tissue stress. Conclusion: The use of reinforcement inside the custom-made mouthguard can modify the stress generated in the enamel buccal surface without improvement to the root dentin, periodontal ligament or bone tissue.

11.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 44-55, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1345505

RESUMO

Abstract In the RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), veneering ceramic and framework are fabricated by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and then cemented to obtain the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the thickness of veneering ceramic manufactured by the RLT technique on the fracture resistance (FR) of bilayer crowns with zirconia frameworks. Twenty zirconia frameworks and twenty feldspathic posterior crowns with two different veneering ceramic occlusal thicknesses (1mm=TF1; 2mm=TF2) were manufactured using CAD/CAM system. The specimens were luted to an epoxy resin abutment with resin cement and mechanically cycled (200N and 4.5×105 Pa, 37°C, 2×106 cycles, 3Hz). The FR test was performed (10kN, 0.5mm/min), and the specimens were analyzed in a stereomicroscope. For the stress analysis (finite element analysis, FEA), a 10kN load was equal to the in vitro test, and the principal stress was evaluated. The FR data were analyzed by Student's t-test and Weibull's analysis. The thickness influenced the FR of bilayer crowns. The FR was higher in the TF2 than in the TF1 group. The TF2 group presented the highest characteristic strength compared to the group TF1. The predominant type of failure was delamination. The FEA showed higher stress concentrations below the loading application point at the veneering cement interface in the 1-mm-thick model. The bilayer crowns manufactured using the approach of 2mm of veneering ceramic promoted higher FR compared to the group with 1mm veneering ceramic. Also, the FEA showed that the veneer ceramic thickness has an effect on stress distribution in zirconia-based bilayer crowns.


Resumo Na RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), a cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura são fabricados pelo Computer-Aided Design / Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD / CAM) e cimentados para obter a restauração. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da espessura da cerâmica de cobertura fabricada pela técnica RLT na resistência à fratura (RF) de coroas bilaminadas com infraestrutura de zircônia. Vinte infraestruturas de zircônia e vinte coroas posteriores feldspáticas com duas espessuras oclusais da cerâmica de cobertura (1mm = TF1; 2mm = TF2) foram fabricadas usando o sistema CAD / CAM. Os espécimes foram cimentados em preparos de resina epóxi com cimento resinoso dual e ciclados mecanicamente (200N e 4,5×105 Pa, 37° C, 2×106 ciclos, 3Hz). O teste de RF foi realizado (10kN, 0,5mm / min) e, posteriormente, os espécimes foram analisados em estereomicroscópio. Para a análise de tensão (análise de elementos finitos, FEA), uma carga de 10kN foi aplicada igual ao teste in vitro, e a tensão principal foi avaliada. Os dados de RF foram analisados pelo teste t de Student e análise de Weibull. A espessura mostrou forte influência na RF das coroas bilaminadas. A RF foi maior em TF2 do que no grupo TF1. O grupo TF2 apresentou a maior resistência característica em relação ao grupo TF1. O tipo de falha predominante foi a delaminação. O FEA mostrou maiores concentrações de tensões abaixo do ponto de aplicação da carga, na interface cimento e cerâmica de cobertura no modelo de coroa de 1 mm de espessura. As coroas de bilaminadas confeccionadas com 2 mm de cerâmica de cobertura promoveram maior RF em comparação ao grupo com cerâmica de cobertura de 1 mm. Além disso, a FEA mostrou que a espessura da cerâmica de cobertura tem um efeito na distribuição de tensões em coroas bilaminadas à base de zircônia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Porcelana Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Tecnologia , Zircônio , Teste de Materiais , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Coroas , Análise do Estresse Dentário
12.
Eur Endod J ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are no reports in the literature on whether FGP geometry influences the bond strength of the endodontically restored tooth. This study aimed to determine the stress distribution and the pull-out bond strength of different FGP geometries, before and after chewing loads simulation. METHODS: One hundred and twenty root analogues were prepared and randomly distributed in six groups according to the post geometry. Half of the specimens were aged in water at 37 °C using a mechanical fatigue machine (84 N, 2 bar, 45°, 106 cycles, 4 Hz); while the remaining specimens were immediately submitted to the pull-out bond strength test. The specimens were tested in a universal testing machine and the bond strength in MPa was calculated. To assess the stress concentration, the finite element method was used simulating the same post geometries that were used in the in vitro test. RESULTS: Two-way ANOVA (95%) showed no influence of post geometry on the bond strength (P=0.055) while fatigue cycling was statistical significant to reduce the bond strength values (P=0.000). The factors interaction was significant (P=0.019); however, TUKEY test (5%) showed no significant difference between post geometries after mechanical cycling. The tensile stress result showed critical areas in the post's cervical region regardless of the design. CONCLUSION: The FGP geometry does not affect the root stress distribution and the long-term bond strength. However, FGP that allow a reduced cement layer thickness can improve the immediate pull-out bond strength value.

13.
J Prosthet Dent ; 125(4): 691.e1-691.e7, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820617

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The extrinsic characterization with pigments and glaze application on the surface of ceramic restorations promotes individualization and esthetics. However, whether this characterization is resistant to toothbrushing abrasive wear is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the abrasive wear resistance of characterized and glazed resin-modified ceramic with different surface treatments before characterization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty rectangular specimens (10×8×6 mm) were precision cut from Vita Enamic and randomly divided in 4 groups as per the surface treatment before the characterization technique. These groups included the following: no additional treatment or polishing only, acid etching, airborne-particle abrasion, and self-etching silanization. For each surface treatment, 2 subgroups were created considering the presence or absence of the glaze layer after shade characterization, totaling 8 groups (n=10). The specimens were submitted to toothbrushing simulation (150 000 cycles, 2.45-N, 180 strokes per minute) with a soft and straight toothbrush and a solution of toothpaste and distilled water (250 g/L). After each 50 000 cycles, the wear of the characterized surface was measured by using a contact profilometer in µm which was equivalent to 5, 10, and 15 years of simulated toothbrushing. The rates were analyzed by using 3-way ANOVA and the post hoc Tukey test (α=.05). Scanning electron microscopy analysis was performed to access the surface profile between the evaluated periods. RESULTS: The mean wear rate (Rz) of the characterized surface was affected by the isolated factors, including surface treatment, glaze, and time (P<.001), with no interactive effects noted. A higher mean value of Rz was observed for polishing only (12.9 ±4.4 µm), followed by airborne-particle abrasion (10.2 ±4.5 µm), acid etching (9.4 ±2.4 µm), and then self-etching silanization (7.6 ±2.9 µm). Mean wear rate was also increased by the glaze (11.1 ±4.7 µm) compared with its absence (9 ±3.2 µm) and by the length of time, with 15 years (11.3 ±4.5 µm) followed by 10 years (9.8 ±4.0 µm) and 5 years (9 ±3.6 µm). The scanning electron microscopy images showed similar worn surfaces for each subgroup, glaze removal after 150 000 cycles, and surface homogeneity in function of time. CONCLUSIONS: Self-etching silanization was found to be the treatment suitable for reducing the wear of characterized resin-modified ceramic during prolonged brushing of more than 5 years. Glaze application did not protect the characterization from surface wear, regardless of the ceramic surface treatment performed on the specimens.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Escovação Dentária , Cerâmica , Estética Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 53-63, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1339327

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was a prospective, controlled, randomized, clinical short-term trial aiming to evaluate the clinical performance of adhesively luted, lithium disilicate and feldspathic glass-ceramics onlays over a period up to 2 years. A total of 11 patients (7 female, 4 male; age range: 18-60 years, mean age: 39 years) were selected for this study. Each patient received a maximum of two restorations per group in a split-mouth-design. LD: Eleven onlays, performed with lithium disilicate-based ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), and FP: Eleven onlays, performed with feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II, Vita Zanhfabrik, Bad Säckingen). Recalls were performed at 2 weeks (baseline = R1), 1 year (R2) and 2 years (R3) after the cementation by three calibrated blinded independent investigators using mirrors, magnifying eyeglasses, probes and bitewing radiographs. The postoperative sensitivity, secondary caries, marginal integrity, marginal discoloration, color match, surface roughness, tooth integrity, and restoration integrity were evaluated. The Friedman test was used to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in time-to-time comparison of the parameters in the ceramics restorations. A total of 95.4% of the restorations were clinically acceptable at the 2-year recall, without a difference for any evaluation parameter for both ceramic materials. Based on the 2-year data, the CAD-CAM onlays manufactured with feldspathic and lithium-disilicate based ceramics showed similar clinical performance.


Resumo O presente estudo é um estudo clínico prospectivo, controlado, randomizado e de longo curto prazo, com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho clínico de restauraç ões adesivas cerâmica vítrea reforçada com dissilicato de lítio e cerâmica feldspática por um período de até 2 anos. Um total de 11 pacientes (7 mulheres, 4 homens; faixa etária: 18-60 anos, idade média: 39 anos) foram inseridas para este estudo. Cada paciente recebeu duas restaurações por grupo em um delineamento de boca dividida. LD: Onze onlays, realizados com cerâmica à base de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein); e FP: Onze onlays, realizados com cerâmica feldspática (Vita Mark II, Vita Zanhfabrik, Bad Säckingen). Os retornos foram realizados em 2 semanas (linha de base = R1), 1 ano (R2) e 2 anos (R3) após a cimentação, por três investigadores independentes, cegos e calibrados, usando espelhos, óculos de aumento, sondas e radiografias interproximais. Foram avaliadas a sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie secundária, integridade marginal, descoloração marginal, correspondência de cores, rugosidade da superfície, integridade dentária e integridade da restauração. O teste de Friedman (95%) foi utilizado para determinar se havia uma diferença estatisticamente significante na comparação periódica dos parâmetros nas restaurações cerâmicas. Um total de 95,4% das restaurações estava clinicamente aceitável no retorno de 2 anos, sem diferença para qualquer parâmetro de avaliação para ambos os materiais cerâmicos. Com base nos dados de 2 anos, as restaurações CAD-CAM fabricados com cerâmica feldspática e à base de dissilicato de lítio apresentaram desempenho clínico semelhante.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Restaurações Intracoronárias , Boca , Estudos Prospectivos , Porcelana Dentária
15.
Dent Med Probl ; 58(1): 69-74, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The choice between 2 or 3 implants to support a 3-unit implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) still generates doubt in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate stress distribution in 3-unit implant-supported FDPs according to the implant number and load direction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A numerical simulation was performed to analyze stress and strain according to the implant number (2 or 3) and load direction (axial or oblique). A model of a jaw was created by means of the modeling software Rhinoceros, v. 5.0 SR8. External hexagon implants, micro-conical abutments and screws were also modeled. The final geometries were exported to the computer-aided engineering (CAE) software Ansys, v. 17.2, and all materials were considered homogeneous, isotropic and elastic. Different load directions were applied for each model (300 N) at the center of the prosthesis. RESULTS: The von Mises stress and strain values were obtained for the titanium structures and the bone, respectively. The implant number influenced the prosthesis biomechanics, with higher stress and strain concentrations when 2 implants were simulated. The oblique load also affected the mechanical response, showing higher stress and strain in comparison with the axial load, regardless of the implant number. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that for a 3-unit implant-supported FDP, a greater number of implants associated with axial loads can result in a better mechanical response during chewing.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Simulação por Computador , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Estresse Mecânico
16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of interim restorative materials (acrylic resin (AR), resin composite (RC) or polyetheretherketone (PEEK) for dental computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)) on the stress distribution of a posterior three-unit fixed partial denture. METHODS: The abutment teeth (first molar and first premolar) were modeled using the BioCAD protocol containing 1.5 mm of axial reduction and converging axial walls. A static structural analysis was performed in the computer-aided engineering software, and the Maximum Principal Stress criterion was used to analyze the prosthesis and the cement layers of both abutment teeth. The materials were considered isotropic, linearly elastic, homogeneous and with bonded contacts. An axial load (600 N) was applied to the occlusal surface of the second premolar. RESULTS: Regardless of the restorative material, the region of the prosthetic connectors showed the highest tensile stress magnitude. The highest stress peak was observed with the use of RC (129 MPa) compared to PEEK and AR. For the cement layers, RC showed the lowest values in the occlusal region (7 MPa) and the highest values for the cervical margin (14 MPa) compared to PEEK (21 and 12 MPa) and AR (21 and 13 MPa). CONCLUSIONS: Different interim restorative materials for posterior fixed partial dentures present different biomechanical behavior. The use of resin composite can attenuate the stress magnitude on the cement layer, and the use of acrylic resin can attenuate the stress magnitude on the connector region.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528455

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cleaning and surface treatment techniques in the repair of aged and contaminated yttrium oxide-stabilized tetragonal polycrystalline zirconia (Y-TZP). From a total of 80 specimens of Y-TZP, 60 were subjected to aging simulation in a buccal environment with degradation in an autoclave for 24 hours (127°C/1.5 bar) and contaminated with Streptococcus mutans. The surfaces were cleaned with a triple syringe (air/water jet; n = 20) or isopropyl alcohol (n = 20), or by prophylaxis (n = 20) with pumice and water. The remaining 20 specimens comprised the control group. All specimens were then treated with silicatization (n = 10 per group) or adhesive (n = 10 per group) and repaired with composite resin. Analyses of shear strength, failure mode, and roughness were performed by electron microscopy. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t test (α = .05). Statistical significance was set at P < .05. Two-way ANOVA was significant for aging and surface treatments (P = .049), but was not significant for surface cleaning (P = .05). ANOVA results were statistically significant for surface treatments (P < .0001), with higher resistance for the silicatization groups. The failure mode was mostly adhesive for all specimens. The roughness was not significant for aging and control groups (P > .05). Triple-syringe and prophylaxis cleansing followed by silicatization was the most efficient treatment for the repair of aged and contaminated Y-TZP. There is reduced repair efficiency with the aging of Y-TZP.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Idoso , Protocolos Clínicos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Ítrio , Zircônio
18.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(3)2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572533

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution in an endocrown restoration according to different provisional restorative materials. An endodontically treated maxillary molar model was selected for conducting the finite element analysis (FEA), with a determined amount of dental remnant of 1.5 mm. The model was imported to the analysis software (ANSYS 19.2, ANSYS Inc., Houston, TX, USA) in STEP format. All contacts were considered perfectly bonded. The mechanical properties of each structure were considered isotropic, linear, elastic, and homogeneous. Three different provisional restorative materials were simulated (acrylic resin, bis-acrylic resin, and resin composite). An axial load (300 N) was applied at the occlusal surface in the center of the restoration. Results were determined by colorimetric stress maps of maximum principal stress, maximum shear stress, and total deformation. The different materials influenced the stress distribution for all structures; the higher the material's elastic modulus, the lower the stress magnitude on the cement layer. In the present study, all provisional restorative materials showed similar stress patterns in the endocrown and on the cement layer however, with different magnitude. Based on this study limitation, the use of resin composite to manufacture provisional endocrowns is suggested as a promising material to reduce the stresses in the cement layer and in the dental tissue surfaces.

19.
J Prosthodont ; 30(4): 335-344, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856743

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess stress distribution in full-crowns with a composite buildup and endocrowns under axial or oblique loads, both with different ferrules (1 or 2 mm) and ceramic materials (glass ceramic or hybrid ceramic). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen models were analyzed with finite element analysis. No-separation contacts were considered between restoration/resin cement and resin cement/tooth. The contact between the fixation cylinder and the root was considered perfectly bonded. The axial load was applied to the occlusal surface and the oblique load was applied to the buccal cusp. The resulting tensile stresses were shown for the crown, the cement layer and the tooth. RESULTS: Almost all factors influenced the stress distribution significantly in the crown and the cement layer, as well as the tooth. The only exception was found under oblique loading by the restoration material and the type of crown that were of no significant influence on the stress distribution in the tooth. CONCLUSIONS: Under axial load, the endocrown showed the least tensile stresses in the tooth, but under oblique loads, the full-crown showed less tensile stresses than the endocrown. With the hybrid ceramic material, lower stresses were found in the crown, but higher stresses were present in the cement layer. The 2 mm ferrule is beneficial for reducing the resulting tensile stresses in all modalities.


Assuntos
Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Materiais Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Teste de Materiais
20.
Dent Mater ; 37(3): e140-e150, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased use of monolithic crowns, their performance has yet to be determined when the minimal tooth preparation (MTP) principle is considered. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of MTP on the mechanical behavior, reliability and translucency of posterior monolithic ceramic crowns. METHODS: Dentin analogues were machined using two preparation designs (0.5 or 1 mm reduction) to receive first molar crowns in order to evaluate the monolithic crown performance. Next, 126 crowns were divided (21/g) according to the material (High translucent zirconia - YZHT, Zirconia reinforced lithium silicate - ZLS and Hybrid ceramic - HC) and thickness (0.5 or 1 mm). Tensile stress concentration was calculated using the finite element method. The crowns were adhesivelly cemented and step stress fatigued to calculate reliability for missions at 600 and 1000 N. Translucency was analyzed in 10 discs of each material and thickness. RESULTS: Higher stress concentration was found in thinner crowns and those with higher elastic modulus. YZHT crowns were suspended when fatigue reached 1500 N load, thus 1-parameter Weibull was used to analyze the data. Reliability was only affected by thickness at 1000 N. ZLS.5 showed lower survival than HC.5, which was similar to the groups that presented 100% survival. YZHT showed the highest strength and data scattering. ZLS1 (22.3 ± 1.4) presented higher translucency than HC1 (19.2 ± 0.6) and YZHT1 (12.0 ± 2.9), whereas ZLS.5 and HC.5 were similar to each other (26.5 ± 2.3, 26.7 ± 2.2) and superior to YZHT.5 (12.7 ± 1.2). SIGNIFICANCE: HC.5 combined high reliability and translucency with low stress concentration, yielding better crown performance and tooth preservation.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Preparo do Dente , Zircônio
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