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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(3): 3760-3771, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645837

RESUMO

Reaching the corneal endothelium through the topical administration of therapeutic drugs remains a challenge in ophthalmology. Besides, endothelial cells are not able to regenerate, and diseases at this site can lead to corneal blindness. Targeting the corneal endothelium implies efficient penetration through the three corneal layers, which still remains difficult for small molecules. Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have demonstrated great potential for ocular nanomedicine. This study focuses on the corneal penetration abilities of differently charged CQDs and their use as permeation enhancers for drugs. Excised whole bovine eyes were used as an ex vivo model to investigate corneal penetration of CQDs derived from glucosamine using ß-alanine, ethylenediamine, or spermidine as a passivation agent. It was found that negatively charged CQDs have limited corneal penetration ability, while positively charged CQDs derived from glucosamine hydrochloride and spermidine (CQD-S) penetrate the entire corneal epithelium all the way down to the endothelium. CQD-S were shown to enhance the penetration of FITC-dextran 150 kDa, suggesting that they could be used as efficient penetration enhancers for therapeutic delivery to the corneal endothelium.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Bovinos , Espermidina , Carbono , Células Endoteliais , Córnea
2.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 415(5): 899-911, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544030

RESUMO

In this work, a novel, sensitive, and rapid electrochemical biosensor was employed to detect lysozyme (Lys) using a double receptor of molecular imprinted polymer (MIP)-aptamer. First, a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with a nanocomposite consisting of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs), and chitosan. Subsequently, aptamer (Apt)-Lys complex was immobilized on MWCNTs-N-CQDs-chitosan/GCE via binding between carboxyl groups present in the nanocomposite and the terminal amine groups of the aptamer. Following that, methylene blue monomer was electrochemically polymerized around the Apt-Lys complex on the MWCNTs-N-CQDs-chitosan/GCE surface. Finally, after the template removal, the remaining cavities along with the aptamers created a new hybrid receptor of MIP-aptamer. The MWCNTs-N-CQDs-chitosan nanocomposite could provide large amounts of carboxyl groups for binding to amino-functionalized aptamers, considerable electrical conductivity, and a high surface-to-volume ratio. These beneficial features facilitated the Apt-Lys complex immobilization and gave improved electrochemical signal. The obtained MIP-aptamer hybrid receptor allowed lysozyme determination even at concentrations as low as 4.26 fM within the functional range of 1 fM to 100 nM.

3.
Life (Basel) ; 12(12)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In addition to their great optical properties, nanodiamonds (NDs) have recently proved useful for two-photon-excited photodynamic therapy (TPE-PDT) applications. Indeed, they are able to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) directly upon two-photon excitation but not with one-photon excitation; Methods: Fluorescent NDs (FNDs) with a 100 nm diameter and detonation NDs (DNDs) of 30 nm were compared. In order to use the gems for cancer-cell theranostics, they were encapsulated in a bis(triethoxysilyl)ethylene-based (ENE) periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) shell, and the surface of the formed nanoparticles (NPs) was modified by the direct grafting of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and amino groups using PEG-hexyltriethoxysilane and aminoundecyltriethoxysilane during the sol-gel process. The NPs' phototoxicity and interaction with MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were evaluated afterwards; Results: Transmission electronic microscopy images showed the formation of core-shell NPs. Infrared spectra and zeta-potential measurements confirmed the grafting of PEG and NH2 groups. The encapsulation of the NDs allowed for the imaging of cancer cells with NDs and for the performance of TPE-PDT of MDA-MB-231 cancer cells with significant mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Multifunctional ND@PMO core-shell nanosystems were successfully prepared. The NPs demonstrated high biocompatibility and TPE-PDT efficiency in vitro in the cancer cell model. Such systems hold good potential for two-photon-excited PDT applications.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1235: 340493, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368835

RESUMO

This report describes, for the first time, the coupling of UV-visible spectroscopy with multivariate curve resolution-alternative least-squares (MCR-ALS) algorithm to study peroxidase-like catalytic reaction of polyethylene glycol-functionalized poly (N-phenyl glycine) (PNPG-PEG) as an efficient and intrinsic peroxidase mimic activity (PMA) class of conducting organic polymer for selective detection of dopamine (DA) in the PNPG-PEG + TMB + H2O2 reaction system. PNPG-PEG was produced by means of a chemical route using ammonium persulphate (APS) as an oxidant agent of N-phenyl glycine monomer. The chemical composition, morphology, and thermal behavior of PNPG-PEG were examined by various instrumental techniques. PNPG-PEG exhibited significant peroxidase-mimic activity to catalyze the oxidation 3,3',5,5'- tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) substrate to oxidized TMB (oxTMB). The qualitative and quantitative determination of the oxidized TMB can easily be detected by the naked-eye and the recorded UV-vis absorbance spectra at 652 nm, respectively. Owing to the superior peroxidase-mimic activity of PNPG-PEG, the colorimetric detection of dopamine was successfully achieved at pH 4.0. Under optimal conditions, acceptable linear dependency was recorded in the concentration range of 5.1-125.0 µM, with a limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) equal to 4.6 µM and 13.8 µM (S/N = 3), respectively. Furthermore, this colorimetric assay was successfully used for quantitative analysis of dopamine in fetal bovine serum (FBS) and horse serum (HS) samples with recoveries in the range of 97-105% and 100-122%, respectively. After resolving the bilinear data matrix using MCR-ALS, three chemical components were found for different concentrations and pure spectral profiles. Based on the resolved profiles, the presence of free, slightly penetrated, and majorly penetrated TMB molecules entering the polymeric structure can be easily detected using MCR-ALS as an available statical method without any complex separation instruments. This peroxidase mimetic nanozyme as a visual, simple, low-cost, sensitive, and reproducible colorimetric platform can provide great potential applications in the monitoring and diagnosis of dopamine-related diseases.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Dopamina , Cavalos , Animais , Colorimetria/métodos , Dopamina/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Polietilenoglicóis , Peroxidase/química , Glicina , Peroxidases/química
5.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396732

RESUMO

Since the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the potential of exhaled breath (EB) to provide valuable information and insight into the health status of a person has been revisited. Mass spectrometry (MS) has gained increasing attention as a powerful analytical tool for clinical diagnostics of exhaled breath aerosols (EBA) and exhaled breath condensates (EBC) due to its high sensitivity and specificity. Although MS will continue to play an important role in biomarker discovery in EB, its use in clinical setting is rather limited. EB analysis is moving toward online sampling with portable, room temperature operable, and inexpensive point-of-care devices capable of real-time measurements. This transition is happening due to the availability of highly performing biosensors and the use of wearable EB collection tools, mostly in the form of face masks. This feature article will outline the last developments in the field, notably the novel ways of EBA and EBC collection and the analytical aspects of the collected samples. The inherit non-invasive character of the sample collection approach might open new doors for efficient ways for a fast, non-invasive, and better diagnosis.

6.
RSC Adv ; 12(46): 29627-29639, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321093

RESUMO

1,3,4-Thiadiazole molecules (1-4) were synthesized by the reaction of phenylthiosemicarbazide and methoxy cinnamic acid molecules in the presence of phosphorus oxychloride, and characterized with UV, FT-IR, 13C-NMR, and 1H-NMR methods. DFT calculations (b3lyp/6-311++G(d,p)) were performed to investigate the structures' geometry and physiochemical properties. Their antibacterial activity was screened for various bacteria strains such as Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli ATCC 13048, Salmonella kentucky, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus and Gram positive such as Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus durans, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus hominis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, alfa Streptococcus haemolyticus, Enterococcus faecium and found to have an inhibitory effect on Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus hominis, while molecules 1, 3 and 4 had an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus epidermidis and alpha Streptococcus haemolyticus. The experimental results were supported by the docking study using the Kinase ThiM from Klebsiella pneumoniae. All the investigated compounds showed an inhibitory effect for the Staphylococcus epidermidis protein. In addition, the mechanism of the 1-4 molecule interaction with calf thymus-DNA (CT-DNA) was investigated by UV-vis spectroscopic methods.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(42): 47595-47604, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240319

RESUMO

Herein, hybrid micro-supercapacitors (MSCs), consisting of positive CoNi layer double hydroxides (LDHs) decorated on carbon nanotubes (CoNi LDHs@CNTs) and negative CNT electrodes, were assembled by facile drop-coated and electrodeposition methods. The as-fabricated MSCs were optimized in view of electrochemical performance, and the CoNi LDHs-2@CNTs//CNT MSC exhibited a favorable performance and was thus chosen to be the candidate for MSC device package. The packaged CoNi LDHs-2@CNTs//CNT MSC demonstrated a large areal capacitance of 11.0 mF·cm-2 at a current density of 0.08 mA·cm-2, a good rate performance (56% areal capacitance retained at a higher current density of 0.4 mA·cm-2), and a favorable cycling stability and reversibility (92% of the original areal capacitance was retained after 5000 cycles). Furthermore, the MSC device recorded an energy density of 1.5 µWh·cm-2 at a power density of 42.5 µW·cm-2 and was successfully applied for the storage of energy supplied by solar cells to operate a red light-emitting diode. All these findings demonstrated the promising practical energy storage application of the as-fabricated hybrid MSC devices in the construction of sunlight-powered energy storage systems.

8.
Nanoscale ; 14(39): 14683-14694, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36165351

RESUMO

Pancreatic islet amyloid deposition is a pathological hallmark of Type 2 diabetes (T2D), contributing to reduced functional ß-cell mass. Islet amyloids result not only from the aggregation and fibrillation of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP), but also from beta-amyloid 42 (Aß42), the key amyloidogenic peptide linked to Alzheimer's disease. Importantly, Aß42 and hIAPP aggregates (IAPP:Aß42) can interact with each other and form some harmful heterocomplex fibrils. While it is well-documented that hIAPP aggregation occurs only when islets are exposed to a diabetic environment, including hyperglycemia and/or elevated concentrations of saturated fatty acids (SFAs), it remains unclear if hIAPP and IAPP:Aß42 heteromer fibrillations are directly or indirectly triggered by this environment. In this study, we show the interplay between high glucose concentrations and palmitate as the SFA in the aggregation of hIAPP. In addition, we outline that the interaction of hIAPP and Aß42 leads to the formation of complex protein aggregates, which are toxic to ß-cells. Carbon nanocolloids in the form of positively charged carbon quantum dots (CQD-pos) efficiently prevent single amyloid aggregation and the formation of IAPP:Aß42 heterocomplexes. We provide clear evidence with this study that the diabetogenic environment of islets could directly contribute to the formation of homomeric and heteromeric amyloid aggregates and fibrils in T2D. We also propose carbon nanocolloids as biocompatible nanomaterials for developing innovative therapeutic strategies that prevent the decline of functional ß-cell mass.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Pontos Quânticos , Amiloide/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas , Carbono , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos , Glucose , Humanos , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/química , Palmitatos , Agregados Proteicos , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(39): 45013-45024, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36149819

RESUMO

Transportation of bubbles in liquids in a controlled fashion is a challenging task and an important subject in numerous industrial processes, including elimination of corrosive gas bubbles in fluid transportation pipes, water electrolysis, reactions between gases, heat transfer, etc. Using superaerophilic surfaces represents a promising solution for bubble movement in a programmed way. Here, a novel and low-cost method is introduced for the preparation of Janus-faced carbon cloth (Janus-CC) using poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) coating and then burning one side of the carbon cloth/PDMS on an alcoholic burner. The results show that the superhydrophobic face behaves as a superaerophilic surface, while the superhydrophilic side is aerophobic underwater. Subsequently, the Janus-CC is applied for pumpless transport of underwater gas bubbles even under harsh conditions. The movement of gas bubbles on the surface of the Janus-CC is interpreted based on the formed gaseous film on the aerophilic side of the Janus-CC. Various applications of the prepared Janus-CC for underwater bubble transportation, such as underwater gas distributor, gas collector membrane, gas transport for chemical reactions, unidirectional gas membrane, and elimination of gas bubbles in transport pipe, are presented.

10.
Molecules ; 27(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080500

RESUMO

Novel cyano-benzylidene xanthene derivatives were synthesized using one-pot and condensation reactions. A diprotic Brønsted acid (i.e., oxalic acid) was used as an effective catalyst for the promotion of the synthesis process of the new starting xanthene-aldehyde compound. Different xanthene concentrations (ca. 0.1-2.0 mM) were applied as corrosion inhibitors to control the alkaline uniform corrosion of aluminum. Measurements were conducted in 1.0 M NaOH solution using Tafel extrapolation and linear polarization resistance (LPR) methods. The investigated xanthenes acted as mixed-type inhibitors that primarily affect the anodic process. Their inhibition efficiency values were enhanced with inhibitor concentration, and varied according to their chemical structures. At a concentration of 2.0 mM, the best-performing studied xanthene derivative recorded maximum inhibition efficiency values of 98.9% (calculated via the Tafel extrapolation method) and 98.4% (estimated via the LPR method). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to examine the morphology of the corroded and inhibited aluminum surfaces, revealing strong inhibitory action of each studied compound. High-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) profiles validated the inhibitor compounds' adsorption on the Al surface. Density functional theory (DFT) and Monte Carlo simulations were applied to investigate the distinction of the anticorrosive behavior among the studied xanthenes toward the Al (111) surface. The non-planarity of xanthenes and the presence of the nitrile group were the key players in the adsorption process. A match between the experimental and theoretical findings was evidenced.


Assuntos
Alumínio , Xantenos , Ácidos/química , Adsorção , Alumínio/química , Corrosão , Xantenos/química
11.
Acc Chem Res ; 55(20): 2869-2881, 2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174237

RESUMO

ConspectusNanotechnology is revolutionizing human medicine. Nanoparticles (NPs) are currently used for treating various cancers, for developing vaccines, and for imaging, and other promises offered by NPs might come true soon. Due to the interplay between NPs and proteins, there is more and more evidence supporting the role of NPs for treating amyloid-based diseases. NPs can induce some conformational changes of the adsorbed protein molecules via various molecular interactions, leading to inhibition of aggregation and fibrillation of several and different amyloid proteins. Though an in depth understanding of such interactions between NPs and amyloid structures is still lacking, the inhibition of protein aggregation by NPs represents a new generation of innovative and effective medicines to combat metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). Here, we lay out advances made in the field of T2D notably for optimizing protein aggregation inhibition strategies. This Account covers discussions about the current understanding of ß-cells, the insulin producing cells within the pancreas, under diabetic conditions, notably increased glucose and fatty acid levels, and the implication of these conditions on the formation of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) amylin oligomers and aggregates. Owing to the great potential of carbon nanostructures to interfere with protein aggregation, an important part of this Account will be devoted to the state of the art of therapeutic options in the form of emerging nanomaterials-based amyloidosis inhibitors. Our group has recently made some substantial progress in this regard by investigating the impact of glucose and fatty acid concentrations on hIAPP aggregation and ß-cell toxicity. Furthermore, the great potential of carbon nanocolloids in reversing hIAPP aggregation under diabetic conditions will be highlighted as the approach has been validated on ß-cell cultures from rats. We hope that this Account will evoke new ideas and concepts in this regard. We give some lead references below on pancreatic ß-cell aspects and carbon quantum dots for managing diabetics and nanomedicine related aspects, a topic of interest in our laboratory.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insulinas , Nanopartículas , Amiloide/química , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas , Animais , Carbono , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos , Glucose , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulinas/uso terapêutico , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/química , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/uso terapêutico , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Agregados Proteicos , Ratos
12.
Nanoscale ; 14(34): 12247-12256, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36000238

RESUMO

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors play an important role in the development of anti-hypertension approaches, with ramipril being one of the most widely used ACE inhibitor prodrugs orally administered once or twice a day. Due to its low bioavailability, large amounts have to be administered to obtain a therapeutic effect. In this work, we propose a ramipril loaded pharmaceutical formulation in contact with an electrothermal actuator based on a gold nanohole array as an efficient approach to increase the transdermal ramipril flux. Using rats as an in vivo model, the effect on the systolic and diastolic blood pressure is evaluated, showing that under optimized conditions the blood pressure could be regulated. Heat activation resulted in total drug delivery out of a bandage loaded with 1 mg ramipril, revealing a flux of 50.9 ± 2.8 µg cm-2 h-1. Importantly, heat-based transdermal dispensing allowed efficient and rapid delivery of ramipril in spontaneously hypertensive rats, with its active form (ramiprilat) detected in blood as early as 5 minutes after delivery onset, accompanied by significant decrease in blood pressure.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Ramipril , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Temperatura Alta , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Ramipril/farmacologia , Ratos
13.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(7)2022 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35884352

RESUMO

The ongoing highly contagious Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), underlines the fundamental position of diagnostic testing in outbreak control by allowing a distinction of the infected from the non-infected people. Diagnosis of COVID-19 remains largely based on reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), identifying the genetic material of the virus. Molecular testing approaches have been largely proposed in addition to infectivity testing of patients via sensing the presence of viral particles of SARS-CoV-2 specific structural proteins, such as the spike glycoproteins (S1, S2) and the nucleocapsid (N) protein. While the S1 protein remains the main target for neutralizing antibody treatment upon infection and the focus of vaccine and therapeutic design, it has also become a major target for the development of point-of care testing (POCT) devices. This review will focus on the possibility of surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based sensing platforms to convert the receptor-binding event of SARS-CoV-2 viral particles into measurable signals. The state-of-the-art SPR-based SARS-CoV-2 sensing devices will be provided, and highlights about the applicability of plasmonic sensors as POCT for virus particle as well as viral protein sensing will be discussed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Humanos , Pandemias , Vírion
14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 626: 608-618, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35810700

RESUMO

Development of reliable sensing strategy combining surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS) is of significant interest to distinguish cysteine enantiomers in body fluid for understanding their physiological roles and toxicity hazards. In this work, a SERS/SALDI-MS dual-mode sensing platform of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) decorated holey carbon nitride (hg-C3N4) was fabricated for sensitive detecting cysteine. The designed Au@hg-C3N4 matrix featured a uniform distribution of Au NPs with the help of anchoring effect of hg-C3N4 holey structure, which was conducive to produce highly repeatable signals. Moreover, the combination of Au NPs and holey g-C3N4 endowed this matrix with superior enrichment capacity, enhanced charge transfer and strong UV absorption. These merits allowed the matrix to acquire high sensitivity and enhanced reproducibility for l-cysteine by means of SERS/SALDI-MS. Likewise, reliable detection of l-cysteine and efficient recognition of d-cysteine in human serum jointly revealed its prospect for detecting cysteine enantiomers in body fluids. This work offers a reliable SERS/SALDI-MS strategy for determining L/D-cysteine enantiomers, and the designed Au@hg-C3N4 matrix becomes a potential application candidate for selective detection of bio-enantiomers.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Cisteína , Ouro/química , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos
15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(50): 75870-75882, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661310

RESUMO

Graphene oxide (GO) features distinctive physical and chemical characteristics; therefore, it has been intensively investigated in environmental remediation as a promising material for clean-up of soil contamination and water purification and used as immobilization material. Plastic is a widespread pollutant, and its breakdown products such as nanoplastics (NPs) should be evaluated for potential harmful effects. This study is aimed to evaluate the influence of GO on the toxicity of polystyrene (PS) NPs to the marine microalgae Picochlorum sp. over a period of 4 weeks. The capability of GO to reduce the toxic effects of PS NPs was assessed through investigating exposure sequence of GO in the presence of 20 nm diameter-sized polystyrene NPs. This was accomplished through five test groups: microalgae pre-exposed to GO prior to incubation with PS NPs, microalgae post-exposed to GO after incubation with PS NPs, microalgae simultaneously exposed to GO and PS NPs, and individual exposure of microalgae to either GO or PS NPs. Cytotoxicity assay results demonstrated that microalgae pre-exposed to GO prior to incubation with PS NPs showed an increased viability and chlorophyll a content. The pre-exposure to GO has reduced the growth inhibition rate (IR) from 50%, for microalgae simultaneously exposed to GO and PS NPs, to 26%, for microalgae pre-exposed to GO. Moreover, the lowest level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was recorded for microalgae exposed to GO only and microalgae pre-exposed to GO. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations revealed some morphological changes of both algae and their extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) upon GO and PS NPs exposure combinations. The sequence of GO exposure to aquatic microorganisms might affect the level of harm caused by the PS NPs. Therefore, application of GO as part of an immobilization material and in the removal of pollutants from water should be carefully investigated using different pollutants and aquatic organisms.


Assuntos
Clorófitas , Microalgas , Nanopartículas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Clorofila A , Grafite , Microalgas/metabolismo , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Nanopartículas/química , Plásticos , Poliestirenos/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/farmacologia , Solo , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(12)2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35743115

RESUMO

In the fight against prostate cancer (PCa), TRPM8 is one of the most promising clinical targets. Indeed, several studies have highlighted that TRPM8 involvement is key in PCa progression because of its impact on cell proliferation, viability, and migration. However, data from the literature are somewhat contradictory regarding the precise role of TRPM8 in prostatic carcinogenesis and are mostly based on in vitro studies. The purpose of this study was to clarify the role played by TRPM8 in PCa progression. We used a prostate orthotopic xenograft mouse model to show that TRPM8 overexpression dramatically limited tumor growth and metastasis dissemination in vivo. Mechanistically, our in vitro data revealed that TRPM8 inhibited tumor growth by affecting the cell proliferation and clonogenic properties of PCa cells. Moreover, TRPM8 impacted metastatic dissemination mainly by impairing cytoskeleton dynamics and focal adhesion formation through the inhibition of the Cdc42, Rac1, ERK, and FAK pathways. Lastly, we proved the in vivo efficiency of a new tool based on lipid nanocapsules containing WS12 in limiting the TRPM8-positive cells' dissemination at metastatic sites. Our work strongly supports the protective role of TRPM8 on PCa progression, providing new insights into the potential application of TRPM8 as a therapeutic target in PCa treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Canais de Cátion TRPM , Animais , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPM/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPM/metabolismo
17.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 15(6)2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745601

RESUMO

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics has become a major public health problem worldwide, with the yearly number of deaths exceeding 700,000. To face this well-acknowledged threat, new molecules and therapeutic methods are considered. In this context, the application of nanotechnology to fight bacterial infection represents a viable approach and has experienced tremendous developments in the last decades. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is responsible for severe diarrhea, notably in the breeding sector, and especially in pig farming. The resulting infection (named colibacillosis) occurs in young piglets and could lead to important economic losses. Here, we report the design of several new formulations based on colistin loaded on alginate nanoparticles (Alg NPs) in the absence, but also in the presence, of small molecules, such as components of essential oils, polyamines, and lactic acid. These new formulations, which are made by concomitantly binding colistin and small molecules to Alg NPs, were successfully tested against E. coli 184, a strain resistant to colistin. When colistin was associated with Alg NPs, the minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) decreased from 8 to 1 µg/mL. It is notable that when menthol or lactic acid was co-loaded with colistin on Alg NPs, the MIC of colistin drastically decreased, reaching 0.31 or 0.62 µg/mL, respectively. These novel bactericidal formulations, whose innocuity towards eukaryotic HT-29 cells was established in vitro, are presumed to permeabilize the bacterial membrane and provoke the leakage of intracellular proteins. Our findings revealed the potentiating effect of the Alg NPs on colistin, but also of the small molecules mentioned above. Such ecological and economical formulations are easy to produce and could be proposed, after confirmation by in vivo and toxicology tests, as therapeutic strategies to replace fading antibiotics.

18.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(6)2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35740193

RESUMO

Dermaseptin B2 (DRS-B2) is an antimicrobial peptide secreted by Phyllomedusa bicolor, which is an Amazonian tree frog. Here, we show that the adsorption of DRS-B2 on alginate nanoparticles (Alg NPs) results in a formulation (Alg NPs + DRS-B2) with a remarkable antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 and E. coli 184 strains, which are sensitive and resistant, respectively, to colistin. The antibacterial activity, obtained with this new formulation, is higher than that obtained with DRS-B2 alone. Of note, the addition of lactic acid or menthol to this new formulation augments its antibacterial activity against the aforementioned Gram-negative bacilli. The safety of DRS-B2, and also that of the new formulation supplemented or not with a small molecule such as lactic acid or menthol has been proven on the human erythrocytes and the eukaryotic cell line types HT29 (human) and IPEC-1 (animal). Similarly, their stability was determined under the conditions mimicking the gastrointestinal tract with different conditions: pH, temperature, and the presence of digestive enzymes. Based on all the obtained data, we assume that these new formulations are promising and could be suggested, after in vivo approval and completing regulation aspects, as alternatives to antibiotics to fight infections caused by Gram-negative bacilli such as E. coli.

20.
Biomater Adv ; 134: 112697, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35581073

RESUMO

The widespread of bacterial infections including biofilms drives the never-ending quest for new antimicrobial agents. Among the great variety of nanomaterials, carbon dots (CDs) are the most promising antibacterial material, but still require the adjustment of their surface properties for enhanced activity. In this contribution, we report a facile functionalization method of carbon dots (CDs) by tetraalkylammonium moieties using diazonium chemistry to improve their antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. CDs were modified by novel diazonium salts bearing tetraalkylammonium moieties (TAA) with different alkyl chains (C2, C4, C9, C12) for the optimization of antibacterial activity. Variation of the alkyl chain allows to reach the significant antibacterial effect for CDs-C9 towards Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) (MIC = 3.09 ± 1.10 µg mL-1) and Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli) (MIC = 7.93 ± 0.17 µg mL-1) bacteria. The antibacterial mechanism of CDs-C9 is ascribed to the balance between the positive charge and hydrophobicity of the alkyl chains. TAA moieties are responsible for enhanced adherence on the bacterial cell membrane, its penetration and disturbance of physiological metabolism. CDs-C9 were not effective in the generation of reactive oxygen species excluding the oxidative damage mechanism. In addition, CDs-C9 effectively promoted the antibiofilm treatment of S. aureus and E. coli biofilms outperforming previously-reported CDs in terms of treatment duration and minimal inhibitory concentration. The good biocompatibility of CDs-C9 was demonstrated on mouse fibroblast (NIH/3T3), HeLa and U-87 MG cell lines for concentrations up to 256 µg mL-1. Collectively, our work highlights the correlation between the surface chemistry of CDs and their antimicrobial performance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carbono/química , Escherichia coli , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Staphylococcus aureus
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