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1.
Wellcome Open Res ; 3: 46, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29900417

RESUMO

Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndrome (TBRS; OMIM 615879), also known as the DNMT3A-overgrowth syndrome, is an overgrowth intellectual disability syndrome first described in 2014 with a report of 13 individuals with constitutive heterozygous DNMT3A variants. Here we have undertaken a detailed clinical study of 55 individuals with de novoDNMT3A variants, including the 13 previously reported individuals. An intellectual disability and overgrowth were reported in >80% of individuals with TBRS and were designated major clinical associations. Additional frequent clinical associations (reported in 20-80% individuals) included an evolving facial appearance with low-set, heavy, horizontal eyebrows and prominent upper central incisors; joint hypermobility (74%); obesity (weight ³2SD, 67%); hypotonia (54%); behavioural/psychiatric issues (most frequently autistic spectrum disorder, 51%); kyphoscoliosis (33%) and afebrile seizures (22%). One individual was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia in teenage years. Based upon the results from this study, we present our current management for individuals with TBRS.

2.
Am J Med Genet A ; 143A(3): 258-64, 2007 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17236192

RESUMO

A series of 44 unrelated patients in whom COL2A1 screening demonstrated normal results but whose phenotype was nevertheless highly suggestive of either Stickler syndrome (with ocular involvement) or Marshall syndrome were investigated for mutations in the COL11A1 gene. Heterozygous COL11A1 mutations were found in 10 individuals. A splice site alteration (involving introns 47-55) was present in seven cases, with one in intron 50 (c.3816 + 1G > A) occurring in three patients. Two patients had a different deletion, and a missense mutation (Gly1471Asp) was observed in one case. In 4/10 patients the phenotype was classified as Marshall syndrome because of early-onset severe hearing loss and characteristic facial features. These four patients were all heterozygous for a splice site mutation in intron 50. One of these cases had a type 1 vitreous anomaly despite the presence of a COL11A1 mutation. The remaining 6/10 patients had an overlapping Marshall-Stickler phenotype with less pronounced facial features. None of these had a mutation in the hot spot region of intron 50.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo XI/genética , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Fenótipo
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