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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15314, 2024 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961104

RESUMO

This work examines the capacity of Naringin and Rutin to influence the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway by investigating their interactions with key DDR proteins, including PARP-1, ATM, ATR, CHK1, and WEE1. Through a combination of in silico molecular docking and in vitro evaluations, we investigated the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of these compounds on MDA-MB-231 cells, comparing them to normal human fibroblast cells (2DD) and quiescent fibroblast cells (QFC). The research found that Naringin and Rutin had strong affinities for DDR pathway proteins, indicating their capacity to specifically regulate DDR pathways in cancer cells. Both compounds exhibited preferential cytotoxicity towards cancer cells while preserving the vitality of normal 2DD fibroblast cells, as demonstrated by cytotoxicity experiments conducted at a dose of 10 µM. The comet experiments performed particularly on QFC cells provide valuable information on the genotoxic impact of Naringin and Rutin, highlighting the targeted initiation of DNA damage in cancer cells. The need to use precise cell models to appropriately evaluate toxicity and genotoxicity is emphasized by this discrepancy. In addition, ADMET and drug-likeness investigations have emphasized the pharmacological potential of these compounds; however, they have also pointed out the necessity for optimization to improve their therapeutic profiles. The antioxidant capabilities of Naringin and Rutin were assessed using DPPH and free radical scavenging assays at a concentration of 10 µM. The results confirmed that both compounds have a role in reducing oxidative stress, hence enhancing their anticancer effects. Overall, Naringin and Rutin show potential as medicines for modulating the DDR in cancer treatment. They exhibit selective toxicity towards cancer cells while sparing normal cells and possess strong antioxidant properties. This analysis enhances our understanding of the therapeutic uses of natural chemicals in cancer treatment, supporting the need for more research on their mechanisms of action and clinical effectiveness.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Neoplasias da Mama , Dano ao DNA , Flavanonas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo , Rutina , Humanos , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Rutina/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15657, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38977726

RESUMO

Understanding the distribution of the plant species of an unexplored area is the utmost need of the present-day. In order to collect vegetation data, Quadrat method was used having size of 1 m2. The composite soil samples from each site were tested for various edaphic properties. PC-ORD v.5 was used for the classification of the vegetation while CANOCO v.5.1 was used for ordination of the data and to find out the complex relationship between plants and environment. Survey was conducted during summer season and a total of 216 herbaceous species were recorded from forty different sites of District Kohat, Pakistan. Cluster Analysis (CA) and Two-Way Cluster Analysis (TWCA) classified the vegetation of forty sites into six major plant groups i.e., 1. Paspalum paspalodes, Alternanthera sessilis, Typha domingensis, 2. Cynodon dactylon, Parthenium hysterophorus, Brachiaria ramosa, 3. Cynodon dactylon, Eragrostis minor, Cymbopogon jwarancusa, 4. Cymbopogon jwarancusa, Aristida adscensionis, Boerhavia procumbens, 5. Cymbopogon jwarancusa, Aristida adscensionis, Pennisetum orientale and 6. Heteropogon contortus, Bothriochloa ischaemum, Chrysopogon serrulatus. They were named after the dominant species based on their Importance Value (IV). The detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) analysis further confirmed the vegetation classification. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) indicated that the species distribution in the area was strongly affected by various environmental factors including status, soil characteristics, topography and altitude.


Assuntos
Plantas , Estações do Ano , Paquistão , Plantas/classificação , Análise Multivariada , Solo/química , Análise por Conglomerados , Ecossistema , Biodiversidade , Clima Tropical
3.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 53: 101069, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39025548

RESUMO

Fort Munro is a hill station in Southern Punjab the residents of whom are heavily dependent upon livestock for their living but ticks are a big treat for the livestock. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the tick infestation among the small ruminants of Fort Munro. Ticks (N = 273) were collected from 333 animals (165 goats and 168 sheep) during August and September 2022. Two tick genera Hyalomma and Rhipicephalus were identified. Rhipicephalus was most abundant tick genera (78.02%) followed by Hyalomma (21.98%).Tick distribution significantly varied with the host: Rhipicephalus ticks were more frequently infesting goats while Hyalomma were more common on sheep. For both hosts, tick infestation varied with the sampling sites and male animals were significantly more infested than females. Five tick species were infesting goats with the following relative abundance: Rhipicephalus (R.) senegalensis (39.20%) > R. sanguineus (36.8%) > R. appendiculatus (10.40%) > R. turanicus (8%) > R. guilhoni (5.6%). Rhipicephalus senegalensis (41.22%) was also the most common tick species infesting sheep followed by Hyalomma (H.) marginatum (29.73%), R. guilhoni (18.24%), H. dromedarii (5.41%) and H. impeltatum (5.41%). Male ticks very more abundantly on both goats and sheep than female. Distribution of Hyalomma species also varied between the sampling sites. In conclusion, we are reporting the infestation of 3 Hyalomma and 5 Rhipicephalus in small ruminants of Fort Munro. The data generated through this study will help in developing appropriate tick control in the study area and will add to the existing knowledge regarding tick species that are infesting the small ruminants of Pakistan.


Assuntos
Doenças das Cabras , Cabras , Ixodidae , Doenças dos Ovinos , Infestações por Carrapato , Animais , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária , Infestações por Carrapato/epidemiologia , Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia , Doenças das Cabras/parasitologia , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia , Feminino , Prevalência , Masculino , Ixodidae/classificação , Ixodidae/fisiologia , Rhipicephalus/fisiologia
4.
ChemistryOpen ; : e202300198, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39031747

RESUMO

In the present work, phytoconstituents from Citrus limon are computationally tested against SARS-CoV-2 target protein such as Mpro - (5R82.pdb), Spike - (6YZ5.pdb) &RdRp - (7BTF.pdb) for COVID-19. Docking was done by glide model, QikProp was performed by in silico ADMET screening & Prime MM-GB/SA modules were used to define binding energy. When compared with approved COVID-19 drugs such as Remdesivir, Ritonavir, Lopinavir, and Hydroxychloroquine, plant-based constituents such as Quercetin, Rutoside, Naringin, Eriocitrin, and Hesperidin. bind with significant G-scores to the active SARS-CoV-2 place. The constituents Rutoside and Eriocitrin were studied in each MD simulation in 100 ns against 3 proteins 5R82.pdb, 6YZ5.pdb and 7BTF.pdb.We performed an assay with significant natural compounds from contacts and in silico results (Rutin, Eriocitrin, Naringin, Hesperidin) using 3CL protease assay kit (B.11529 Omicron variant). This kit contained 3CL inhibitor GC376 as Control. The IC50 value of the test compound was found to be Rutin -17.50 µM, Eriocitrin-37.91 µM, Naringin-39.58 µM, Hesperidine-140.20 µM, the standard inhibitory concentration of GC376 was 38.64 µM. The phytoconstituents showed important interactions with SARS-CoV-2 targets, and potential modifications could be beneficial for future development.

6.
Nutrients ; 16(13)2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38999866

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vitamin D status and determine the factors influencing it in the Drâa-Tafilalet community (southeastern Morocco). Sociodemographic factors, health, cognitive status, sun exposure, and nutritional conditions were examined to help us understand their association with vitamin D status. Vitamin D data were gathered through laboratory testing, while demographic and health information was collected through interviews with participants in 2023. The study involved 100 participants aged 60 and above, most of whom were women (85%) rather than men (15%). The majority of participants were Arabs (90%), with a minority being Amazigh (10%). The average vitamin D level was 31.83 ± 10.55 ng/mL, varying based on participants' age, education, and gender. Sun-exposed individuals exhibited significantly higher mean vitamin D levels (33.56 ± 11.99 ng/mL) compared to those with limited sun exposure (28.97 ± 9.28 ng/mL). Moreover, the time spent outdoors, seasonal changes, and the duration of sun exposure affected the levels of vitamin D. These findings depict the vitamin D status of the elderly population of Drâa-Tafilalet, recognized as one of Morocco's poorest regions, shedding light on the significant influencers. Nonetheless, additional research is necessary to explore the correlation between dietary habits, sunlight exposure, and vitamin D levels in both young and elderly populations.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Vitamina D , Humanos , Marrocos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vitamina D/sangue , Idoso , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Luz Solar , Fatores Sociodemográficos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Nível de Saúde , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
7.
BMC Biotechnol ; 24(1): 49, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39010004

RESUMO

This study used conservative one variable-at-a-time study and statistical surface response methods to increase the yields of an extracellular thermostable protease secreted by a newly identified thermophilic Bacillus subtilis BSP strain. Using conventional optimization techniques, physical parameters in submerged fermentation were adjusted at the shake flask level to reach 184 U/mL. These physicochemical parameters were further optimized by statistical surface response methodology using Box Behnken design, and the protease yield increased to 295 U/mL. The protease was purified and characterized biochemically. Both Ca2+ and Fe2+ increased the activity of the 36 kDa protease enzyme. Based on its strong inhibition by ethylenediaminetetracetate (EDTA), the enzyme was confirmed to be a metalloprotease. The protease was also resistant to various organic solvents (benzene, ethanol, methanol), surfactants (Triton X-100), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Tween 20, Tween-80 and oxidants hydrogen per oxide (H2O2). Characteristics, such as tolerance to high SDS and H2O2 concentrations, indicate that this protease has potential applications in the pharmaceutical and detergent industries.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis , Estabilidade Enzimática , Bacillus subtilis/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Fermentação , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Solventes/química , Temperatura
8.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 2943-2955, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011342

RESUMO

Introduction: New Delhi Metallo-ß-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (NDM-1-KP) sequence type (ST) 147 poses a significant threat in clinical settings due to its evolution into two distinct directions: hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance. Hypervirulence results from a range of virulence factors, while carbapenem resistance stems from complex biological mechanisms. The NDM-1-KP ST147 clone has emerged as a recent addition to the family of successful clones within the species. Methods: In this study, we successfully synthesized 5-bromo-N-alkylthiophene-2-sulfonamides (3a-c) by reacting 5-bromothiophene-2-sulfonamide (1) with various alkyl bromides (2) using LiH. We also synthesized a series of compounds (4a-g) from compound (3b) using the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction with fair to good yields (56-72%). Further, we screened the synthesized molecules against clinically isolated New Delhi Metallo-ß-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST147. Subsequently, we conducted in-silico tests on compound 3b against a protein extracted from NDM-KP ST147 with PDB ID: 5N5I. Results: The compound (3b) with favourable drug candidate status, MIC of 0.39 µg/mL, and MBC of 0.78 µg/mL. This low molecular weight compound exhibited the highest potency against the resistant bacterial strains. The in-silico tests revealed that the compound 3b against a protein extracted from NDM-KP ST147 with PDB ID: 5N5I demonstrated H-bond and hydrophobic interactions. Conclusion: The 5-bromo-N-alkylthiophene-2-sulfonamides displayed antibacterial efficacy against New Delhi Metallo-ß-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST147. After the in-vivo trial, this substance might offer an alternative therapeutic option.

10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13416, 2024 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862670

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess the drinking water quality in the selected urban areas of Lahore and to comprehend the public health status by addressing the basic drinking water quality parameters. Total 50 tap water samples were collected from groundwater in the two selected areas of district Lahore i.e., Gulshan-e-Ravi (site 1) and Samanabad (site 2). Water samples were analyzed in the laboratory to elucidate physico-chemical parameters including pH, turbidity, temperature, total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), dissolved oxygen (DO), total hardness, magnesium hardness, and calcium hardness. These physico-chemical parameters were used to examine the Water Quality Index (WQI) and Synthetic Pollution Index (SPI) in order to characterize the water quality. Results of th selected physico-chemical parameters were compared with World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines to determine the quality of drinking water. A GIS-based approach was used for mapping water quality, WQI, and SPI. Results of the present study revealed that the average value of temperature, pH, and DO of both study sites were within the WHO guidelines of 23.5 °C, 7.7, and 6.9 mg/L, respectively. The TDS level of site 1 was 192.56 mg/L (within WHO guidelines) and whereas, in site 2 it was found 612.84 mg/L (higher than WHO guidelines), respectively. Calcium hardness of site 1 and site 2 was observed within the range from 25.04 to 65.732 mg/L but, magnesium hardness values were higher than WHO guidelines. The major reason for poor water quality is old, worn-out water supply pipelines and improper waste disposal in the selected areas. The average WQI was found as 59.66 for site 1 and 77.30 for site 2. Results showed that the quality of the water was classified as "poor" for site 1 and "very poor " for site 2. There is a need to address the problem of poor water quality and also raise the public awareness about the quality of drinking water and its associated health impacts.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Monitoramento Ambiental , Qualidade da Água , Água Potável/análise , Água Potável/química , Paquistão , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Cidades , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Água Subterrânea/análise , Água Subterrânea/química , Humanos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluição da Água/análise , Abastecimento de Água/normas
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oleogelation is an efficient and emerging approach for obtaining biocompatible and biodegradable elastic semisolid crystals to be used in various cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulations. Recently, drug incorporation in oil structuring has been a promising strategy under consideration due to the effectiveness of this method. Plant oils have very beneficial characteristics for skin care and wound healing due to the presence of certain antioxidants. METHODS: In this study, the oleogels of Moringa oleifera seed oil with natural polysaccharides, including pectin, chitosan, and xanthan gum, were prepared using the emulsion template method. Moringa oil was selected because it can hydrate and moisturize the skin and has great antioxidant activity. Also, the natural polysaccharides, i.e., pectin and chitosan, exhibited good gelling properties. Allantoin, which is a wound healer and eucalyptus leaf oil with antioxidant potential, was incorporated into the emulsion-based-oleogels to enhance the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the oleogels. RESULTS: Allantoin and eucalyptus-loaded oleogels exhibited good antibacterial activity against E. coli. The FTIR spectra of moringa-based oleogels in the range between 3226-3422 cm-1 indicate the presence of hydrogen bonding in oleogels. CONCLUSION: The antioxidant potential of allantoin and eucalyptus-containing oleogel was maximized, and an IC50 value of 0.9719 µM was found. Maximum release of allantoin from oleogel was observed in the first hour.

12.
Bioresour Bioprocess ; 11(1): 58, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849710

RESUMO

The global scientific community is deeply concerned about the deterioration of water quality resulting from the release of industrial effluents. This issue is of utmost importance as it serves to safeguard the environment and combat water pollution. The objective of this work is to elaborate a biomaterial of vegetable origin, based on the twigs of Aleppo pine, and to use it as an abundant and less expensive material for the treatment of wastewater. For this reason, the twigs were treated physically to get the powder called biomaterial FPA (Aleppo pine fiber), which was characterized by physicochemical, and spectroscopic analyses namely scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The crystallinity index of FPA was evaluated by the peak height method. The findings indicate that the FPA powder has an acidic nature, exhibiting a porous structure that promotes the adsorption and binding of molecules. Additionally, it has a zero charge point of 5.8 and a specific surface area of 384 m2.g-1. It is primarily composed of hydroxyl, carboxyl, and amine functional groups, along with mineral compounds and organic compounds, including cellulose and other mineral elements such as Ca, Mg, Fe, Na, P, Al, K, Ni, and Mo. Combining these characteristics, FPA biomaterial has considerable potential for use as an effective adsorbent biomaterial for various wastewater pollutants. Its abundance and relatively low cost make it an attractive solution to the growing challenges of water pollution worldwide.

13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 490, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825718

RESUMO

The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the potential of promising summer maize genotypes and optimal stage of harvesting these genotypes for ensiling in terms of dry matter (DM), starch, and crude protein (CP) yields, silage fermentation quality, nutrients profile, total digestible nutrients, metabolizable energy (ME) content, Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System (CNCPS) carbohydrate (CHO) subfractions composition, in vitro DM digestibility (DMD) and in situ starch degradation characteristics. Six maize genotypes were chosen for the study: DK9108 from Monsanto, P30Y87, P3939 from Pioneer, QPM-300 (quality protein maize) and W94 from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), and a local cultivar, Afgoii, from the Cereal Research Institute (Persabaq, KP). A total of 72 plots (8 m × 10 m) were blocked in three replicate fields, and within each field, each genotype was sown in four replicate plots according to a randomized complete block design. For the data analysis, the Proc-Mixed procedure of Statistical Analysis System with repeated measure analysis of variance was used. The DM yield was strongly influenced (P < 0.001) by maize genotypes, varying from 12.6 to 17.0 tons/ha. Except for total CHO and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), the contents of all measured chemical components varied (P < 0.001) among the genotypes. Further comparison revealed that, genotype P3939 had a higher (P < 0.05) content of CP (7.27 vs. 6.92%), starch (36.7 vs. 27.9%), DMD (65.4 vs. 60.0%), ME (2.51 vs. 2.30 Mcal/kg) and lactic acid (5.32 vs. 4.83%) and lowest content of NDF (37.3 vs. 43.1%), pH (3.7 vs. 4.10) compared to the local cultivar (Afgoii). Advancement of post-flowering maturity from 25 to 35% DM (23 to 41 days after flowering (DAF)) increased (P < 0.05) the DM yield (10.4 to 17.8 tons/ha), starch content (29.1 to 35.0%), DMD (65.3 to 67.3%) and ME (2.34 to 2.47 Mcal/kg), and decreased (P < 0.001) the contents of CP (7.42-6.73%), NDF (48.8-38.5%), pH (4.10 to 3.60), NH3-N (8.93-7.80%N) and effective degradability of starch (95.4 to 89.4). Results showed that for higher yields and silage nutritional and fermentation quality, maize crops should be harvested at whole crop DM content of 30-35% (34 to 41 DAF). It was further concluded that genotype P3939 is the most suitable summer maize genotype for silage production in terms of yields and silage nutritional and fermentation quality under the hot environmental conditions of the tropics.


Assuntos
Silagem , Zea mays , Zea mays/genética , Genótipo , Clima Tropical , Fermentação , Amido , Carboidratos , Proteínas de Plantas , Paquistão , Agricultura
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12925, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839856

RESUMO

Waste glass is hugely present in Morocco, and can be recycled for many geotechnical purposes, including road construction. In contrast, earthworks often produce significant amounts of clay waste that lack the necessary technical criteria for use as barriers. The present work aimed to study the influence of the addition of glass waste on the evolution of the mechanical characteristics of clays stabilized with crushed glass (particles less than 63 µm). The work consists of carrying out CBR, Proctor, and shear tests on natural clay taken as a reference and mixtures (clay-crushed glass) at different percentages. Results showed that the addition of glass to clay decreases the swelling and compaction indices along with modifying the intrinsic characteristics of the clay.

15.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 190: 114816, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880465

RESUMO

Imidacloprid (IMI) is one of the top-notch insecticides that adversely affects the body organs including the liver. Malvidin (MAL) is a natural flavonoid which exhibits a wide range of pharmacological properties. This research was designed to evaluate the protective ability of MAL to counteract IMI instigated liver toxicity in rats. Thirty-two rats were divided into four groups including control, IMI (5mg/kg), IMI (5mg/kg) + MAL (10mg/kg) and MAL (10mg/kg) alone treated group. The recommended dosages were administrated through oral gavage for 4 weeks. It was revealed that IMI intoxication disrupted the PI3K/AKT and Nrf-2/Keap-1 pathway. Furthermore, the activities of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), heme-oxygenase-1 (OH-1) and glutathione reductase (GSR) were reduced while upregulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels after IMI treatment. Moreover, IMI poisoning increased the levels of ALT (Alanine aminotransferase), AST (Aspartate transaminase), and ALP (Alkaline phosphatase) while reducing the levels of total proteins and albumin in hepatic tissues of rats. Besides, IMI administration escalated the expressions of Bcl-2-associated protein x (Bax) and cysteine-aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3) while downregulating the expressions of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). Similarly, IMI intoxication, increased the levels of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and the activity of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Furthermore, IMI disrupted the normal architecture of hepatic tissues. However, MAL treatment remarkably protected the liver tissues via regulating abovementioned disruptions.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Imidazóis , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch , Fígado , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , NF-kappa B , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Animais , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Masculino , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Antocianinas/farmacologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Ratos Wistar
16.
Bioresour Bioprocess ; 11(1): 62, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926327

RESUMO

Currently, several studies have demonstrated the benefits of medicinal plants in managing type 2 diabetes. In this work, we evaluated the beneficial effects of the polyphenolic extract (PESB) from Salvia blancoana subsp. mesatlantica in the management of hypercaloric-feeding and small-dose alloxan-brought type 2 diabetes in rats. We analyzed the chemical constituents of the extract, including flavones and flavonols content, to understand its biological action. The antioxidant activities were evaluated by total antioxidant action, scavenging effect of the free radical DPPH, and reducing power. The obtained results showed that the value of TFC was estimated at 31.90 ± 0.34 mgEQ/g in the PESB extract. The total antioxidant capacity was estimated at 593.51 ± 4.09 mg (EAA)/g, the value of DPPH IC50 was 7.3 ± 0.00 µg/mL, and the value of EC50 of reducing power was estimated at 6.43 ± 0.01 µg/mL. In total, 14 phenolic compounds were identified and the naringin was the most dominant (63.19%) while the vanillin was the less recorded (0.10%). Serum glucose decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in rats given PESB (100 mg/kg) after four weeks. Glibenclamide (GLB) and PESB reduced HbA1c and increased plasma insulin in diabetic rats, restoring HOMA-ß and HOMA-IR levels to near-normal. Additionally, diabetic rats treated with GLB or PESB showed statistically equivalent results to those of non-diabetic rats regarding hepatic enzymes, renal and lipid markers, as well as cardiovascular indices. The weight loss was significantly lower in diabetic rats receiving a dose of PESB (100 mg/kg), and GLB compared to corresponding untreated diabetic rats (p < 0.01). PESB and GLB showed a prominent protective function in the pancreas, liver, and kidney tissues. This investigation demonstrates the capacity of extracts from leaves of S. blancoana subsp. mesatlantica to manage diabetes mellitus due to their richness in a wide range of bioactive compounds. Therefore, more investigations are required to estimate the safety of the plant use.

17.
Food Sci Nutr ; 12(6): 4248-4258, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873451

RESUMO

This research investigates citric acid (CA) synthesis using the indigenous strain Aspergillus niger ASP26, which was isolated from date by-products. The study initially involved isolating fungi capable of CA production and identifying the most potent strain based on its characteristic enzymatic activity. A. niger ASP26 was acknowledged in a previous study for its remarkable ability to produce extracellular enzymes, such as cellulase and amylase, which enable it to degrade organic materials effectively. After the identification phase, these isolates were screened for CA production using a modified Czapek-Dox medium. The research identified significant factors affecting CA production in submerged fermentation, including pH, carbon source, inoculum size, and fermentation time. Optimal conditions were determined for A. niger ASP26, resulting in a maximum CA yield of 16.89 g/L. These conditions included a 2.5% spore suspension at 2 × 107 spores/mL, an initial glucose concentration of 125 g/L, and incubation at 30°C for 144 h. Notably, A. niger ASP26 demonstrated the ability to produce CA under stress conditions as well. Citric acid is essential for various biological processes, such as cellular respiration, and is naturally present in citrus fruits. It also serves as a preservative and flavor enhancer in processed foods and beverages. The ability of A. niger ASP26 to produce CA from agricultural residues positions it as a viable candidate for sustainable CA production, harnessing the value from organic waste materials.

18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13130, 2024 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849372

RESUMO

Dengue virus is a single positive-strand RNA virus that is composed of three structural proteins including capsid, envelope, and precursor membrane while seven non-structural proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3A, NS3B, NS4, and NS5). Dengue is a viral infection caused by the dengue virus (DENV). DENV infections are asymptomatic or produce only mild illness. However, DENV can occasionally cause more severe cases and even death. There is no specific treatment for dengue virus infections. Therapeutic peptides have several important advantages over proteins or antibodies: they are small in size, easy to synthesize, and have the ability to penetrate the cell membranes. They also have high activity, specificity, affinity, and less toxicity. Based on the known peptide inhibitor, the current study designs peptide inhibitors for dengue virus envelope protein using an alanine and residue scanning technique. By replacing I21 with Q21, L14 with H14, and V28 with K28, the binding affinity of the peptide inhibitors was increased. The newly designed peptide inhibitors with single residue mutation improved the binding affinity of the peptide inhibitors. The inhibitory capability of the new promising peptide inhibitors was further confirmed by the utilization of MD simulation and free binding energy calculations. The molecular dynamics simulation demonstrated that the newly engineered peptide inhibitors exhibited greater stability compared to the wild-type peptide inhibitors. According to the binding free energies MM(GB)SA of these developed peptides, the first peptide inhibitor was the most effective against the dengue virus envelope protein. All peptide derivatives had higher binding affinities for the envelope protein and have the potential to treat dengue virus-associated infections. In this study, new peptide inhibitors were developed for the dengue virus envelope protein based on the already reported peptide inhibitor.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Vírus da Dengue , Dengue , Peptídeos , Vírus da Dengue/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Dengue/tratamento farmacológico , Dengue/virologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Desenho de Fármacos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/química , Simulação por Computador , Ligação Proteica
19.
J Mol Graph Model ; 131: 108785, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38820705

RESUMO

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are substances that can disrupt the normal functioning of hormones.Using aptamers, which are biological recognition elements, biosensors can quickly and accurately detect EDCs in environmental samples. However, the elucidation of aptamer structures by conventional methods is highly challenging due to their complexity. This has led to the development of three-dimensional aptamer structures based on different models and techniques. To do this, we developed a way to predict the 3D structures of the SS DNA needed for this sequence by starting with an aptamer sequence that has biosensor properties specific to bisphenol-A (BPA), one of the chemicals found in water samples that can interfere with hormones. In addition, we will elucidate the intermolecular mechanisms and binding affinity between aptamers and endocrine disruptors using bioinformatics techniques such as molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation, and binding energies. The outcomes of our study are to compare modeling programs and force fields to see how reliable they are and how well they agree with results found in the existing literature, to understand the intermolecular mechanisms and affinity of aptamer-based biosensors, and to find a new way to make aptamers that takes less time and costs less.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Biologia Computacional , Disruptores Endócrinos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Fenóis , Disruptores Endócrinos/química , Disruptores Endócrinos/análise , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/análise , Compostos Benzidrílicos/química , Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise
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