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1.
Adv Colloid Interface Sci ; 277: 102109, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028074

RESUMO

Plasticisers are widely used to provide desirable mechanical properties of many polymeric materials. These small molecule additives are also known to leach from the finished products, and this not only may modify the physical properties but the distribution of these materials in the environment and in the human body can cause long-term health concerns and environmental challenges. Many of these plasticisers are esters of polyvalent acids and phthalic acid has previously been predominant but various alternatives are now being more widely explored. The eventual distribution of these compounds depends not just on solubility in aqueous media and on vapour pressure but also on their interaction with other materials, particularly lipids and amphiphiles. This review provides an overview of both the basic physical data (solubility, partition coefficients, surface tension, vapour pressure) that is available in the literature and summarises what has been learnt about the molecular interactions of various plasticisers with surfactants and lipids.

2.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 13, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the past few decades, drug delivery system (DDS) has attracted many interests because it could enhance the therapeutic effects of drugs and reduce their side effects. The advent of nanotechnology has promoted the development of nanosized DDSs, which could promote drug cellular uptake as well as prolong the half-life in blood circulation. Novel polymer micelles formed by self-assembly of amphiphilic polymers in aqueous solution have emerged as meaningful nanosystems for controlled drug release due to the reversible destabilization of hydrophobic domains under different conditions. RESULTS: The amphiphilic polymers presented here were composed of cholesterol groups end capped and poly (poly (ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate) (poly (OEGMA)) as tailed segments by the synthesis of cholesterol-based initiator, followed by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) with OEGMA monomer. FT-IR and NMR confirmed the successfully synthesis of products including initiator and polymers as well as the Mw of the polymers were from 33,233 to 89,088 g/mol and their corresponding PDI were from 1.25 to 1.55 by GPC. The average diameter of assembled polymer micelles was in hundreds nanometers demonstrated by DLS, AFM and SEM. The behavior of the amphiphilic polymers as micelles was investigated using pyrene probing to explore their critical micelle concentration (CMC) ranging from 2.53 × 10-4 to 4.33 × 10-4 mg/ml, decided by the balance between cholesterol and poly (OEGMA). Besides, the CMC of amphiphilic polymers, the quercetin (QC) feeding ratio and polarity of solvents determined the QC loading ratio maximized reaching 29.2% certified by UV spectrum, together with the corresponding size and stability changes by DLS and Zeta potential, and thermodynamic changes by TGA and DSC. More significantly, cholesterol end-capped polymer micelles were used as nanosized systems for controlled drug release, not only alleviated the cytotoxicity of QC from 8.6 to 49.9% live cells and also achieved the QC release in control under different conditions, such as the presence of cyclodextrin (CD) and change of pH in aqueous solution. CONCLUSIONS: The results observed in this study offered a strong foundation for the design of favorable polymer micelles as nanosized systems for controlled drug release, and the molecular weight adjustable amphiphilic polymer micelles held potential for use as controlled drug release system in practical application.


Assuntos
Colesterol/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Ciclodextrinas/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Camundongos , Micelas , Mioblastos/citologia , Mioblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirenos/química , Quercetina/administração & dosagem , Quercetina/química
3.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225777, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate whether a soluble polymer and aldehyde-scavenger, polyvinylalcohol-carbazate (PVAC), can inhibit hemolysis in the storage of red blood cells (RBC). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The effect of PVAC was assessed over a wide range of concentrations, using absorption spectroscopy to evaluate the level of hemolysis. Moreover, osmotic stability and aldehyde-scavenging potential of RBC were assessed after storage in PVAC. RESULTS: After test tube storage for two weeks, red blood cell hemolysis was lower with PVAC compared to controls (mean difference 23%, 95% CI 16-29%, p < 0.001). A higher level of hemolysis led to a pronounced effect with PVAC. RBC stored in PVAC improved both the binding of free aldehydes (p <0.001) and the osmotic stability (p = 0.0036). CONCLUSION: Erythrocytes stored with PVAC showed less hemolysis, which might be explained by the ability of PVACs to stabilize the cell membrane and decrease oxidative injury.

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