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1.
J Dent Hyg ; 92(3): 47-55, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29976793

RESUMO

Purpose: Limited data document dental hygienists' preparedness for intimate partner violence (IPV) screening and response. The aim of this study was to assess dental hygienists' readiness to screen for IPV and provide baseline information for the realization of action toward addressing IPV.Methods: The Domestic Violence Healthcare Provider Survey (DVHPS) instrument was distributed online to all members of the Texas Dental Hygienists' Association (n=1100). Four hundred fifteen emails were opened and 114 (n=114) surveys were returned for 28% response rate. This validated survey measures six scales: perceived self-efficacy, fear of offending patients, victim personality/traits, professional role resistance, perceptions of victim disobedience causing IPV, and psychiatric support. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate mean scores for each scale. Specific criteria were applied to interpret the level of readiness based on the scale scores.Results: A little more than one quarter of the respondents (28%) reported having had course content related to IPV as students in their dental hygiene program curriculum, while 27% reported completing continuing education on IPV. A significant proportion of participants, 40%, were uncertain if routine IPV screening was within their professional role. They did not perceive self-efficacy in their screening capabilities (m=3.08 with 5.0 as the strongest), however they reported possessing a strong knowledge regarding IPV victims' personality/traits and did not blame the victims (m=1.92 and 1.48 respectively with 1.0 as the strongest).Conclusion: Results confirm earlier studies indicating the need for IPV training for oral health care professionals. Specifically, there is an evident need for training to increase dental hygienists' self-efficacy regarding IPV screening. Dental hygienists play a critical role in IPV screening and should be prepared to face the challenges presented by IPV and be available to meet the needs of IPV victims through referral to the appropriate support services.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica , Higienistas Dentários/educação , Higienistas Dentários/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Programas de Rastreamento , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Autoeficácia , Texas
2.
J Dent Hyg ; 91(3): 37-46, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29118070

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to compare public perceptions of Idaho adults regarding oral cancer (OC) screening with other common cancer screenings including breast cancer (BC), prostate cancer (PC), and colon cancer (CC) screenings.Methods: This study utilized a convenience sample (N=100) of Idaho residents. A self-designed, validated interview-administered questionnaire was administered by a data collection service using computer-assisted telephone interview software to assess consumer perceptions about cancer screenings. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequencies, and Pearson's Chi-Square tests.Results: Participants were predominantly white (90%) with a mean age of 52.7 years with some post-high school education (80%) and the majority had received OC screenings (54%).The majority of participants perceived benefits of each specific cancer screening as very helpful: (a) OC screening (60%), (b) BC screening (79.2% females), (c) PC screening (63.8% males), and (d) CC screening (84%), and also reported no perceived risks regarding OC (80%), BC (60.4%), PC (66%) screening. Only 11% reported fear of finding cancer with an OC screening. The study findings supported significant associations (p<0.05) between consumer perceptions of cost and time as barriers to accessing all of the selected cancer screenings.Conclusion: This study identified associations between consumer perceptions of OC screening when compared with BC, PC, and CC. Concerns about cost and time for cancer screenings may reflect low consumer awareness regarding differences between OC and other cancer screenings. Future studies including larger samples representing more diverse populations are recommended to further explore the basis of participants' perceptions of cancer screenings and to identify ways to minimize barriers to cancer screenings.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Percepção , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Escolaridade , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Idaho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Dent Hyg ; 90(4): 217-20, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27551141

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários , Relações Interprofissionais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Redes Comunitárias , Comportamento Cooperativo , Assistência à Saúde , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Liderança , Saúde Bucal , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Prática Profissional , Pesquisa
4.
J Dent Educ ; 80(8): 975-82, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27480709

RESUMO

Faculty calibration studies for calculus detection use two different standards for examiner evaluation, yet the only therapeutic modality that can be used for nonsurgical periodontal treatment is scaling/root debridement or planing. In this study, a pretest-posttest design was used to assess the feasibility of faculty calibration for calculus detection using two accepted standards: that established by the Central Regional Dental Testing Service, Inc. (CRDTS; readily detectible calculus) and the gold standard for scaling/root debridement (root roughness). Four clinical dental hygiene faculty members out of five possible participants at Halifax Community College agreed to participate. The participants explored calculus on the 16 assigned teeth (64 surfaces) of four patients. Calculus detection scores were calculated before and after training. Kappa averages using CRDTS criteria were 0.561 at pretest and 0.631 at posttest. Kappa scores using the scaling/root debridement or planing standard were 0.152 at pretest and 0.271 at posttest. The scores indicated improvement from moderate (Kappa=0.41-0.60) to substantial agreement (Kappa=0.61-0.80) following training using the CRDTS standard. Although this result differed qualitatively and Kappas were significantly different from 0, the differences for pre- to post-Kappas for patient-rater dyads using CRDTS were not statistically significant (p=0.778). There was no difference (p=0.913) in Kappa scores pre- to post-training using the scaling/root debridement standard. Despite the small number of participants in this study, the results indicated that training to improve interrater reliability to substantial agreement was feasible using the CRDTS standard but not using the gold standard. The difference may have been due to greater difficulty in attaining agreement regarding root roughness. Future studies should include multiple training sessions with patients using the same standard for scaling/root debridement used for evaluation of students.


Assuntos
Cálculos Dentários/diagnóstico , Docentes de Odontologia , Higiene Bucal/educação , Calibragem , Docentes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Higiene Bucal/normas , Projetos Piloto
5.
J Dent Hyg ; 90(2): 75-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27105785

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/administração & dosagem , Cariostáticos/administração & dosagem , Higienistas Dentários , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/economia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Compostos de Prata
6.
J Dent Hyg ; 89(6): 353-6, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26684991

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Tomada de Decisões , Higienistas Dentários , Raspagem Dentária/métodos , Humanos , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Desbridamento Periodontal/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Dent Hyg ; 89(4): 206-9, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26304944

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser/métodos , Lasers , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Higienistas Dentários , Raspagem Dentária/métodos , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/terapia , Desbridamento Periodontal/métodos , Bolsa Periodontal/terapia
8.
J Dent Hyg ; 89(1): 6-10, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25690060

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with a Conclusion to translate the research findings into clinical application.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários/economia , Profilaxia Dentária/economia , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Doenças Periodontais/economia
9.
J Dent Hyg ; 88(5): 263-6, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25325721

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.

10.
J Dent Educ ; 78(9): 1319-30, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25179929

RESUMO

This article describes the implementation and evaluation of a dental hygiene faculty development course to enhance online teaching practices that foster a sense of community and satisfaction. The sampled population was drawn from the forty-seven U.S. dental hygiene programs that the American Dental Hygienists' Association identified as offering bachelor's degree completion or master's degree programs with 76-100 percent of coursework delivered in an online format. This requirement was applied to exclude programs using hybrid instruction (combination of online and face-to-face). Of the thirty-four faculty members who self-identified as meeting the criteria, seven agreed to participate (21 percent response rate); however, only five completed all parts of the study (a final response rate of 15 percent). A Community of Inquiry framework was the basis for the author-designed Distance Education Best Practices Survey used as a pretest and posttest to assess participants' use of and perceived importance of twenty-five best practices before and after taking the online faculty development course. Frequency of use ratings ranged from 4.0 (regularly) to 5.0 (always) on a response scale from 1.0 to 5.0. The results showed significant increases from before to after the course in participants' perceptions of the importance of four practices: activities promoting relevant, lifelong learning (p=0.03); faculty communication fostering a sense of community (p=0.04); encouraging students' self-introduction (p=0.04); and encouraging productive dialogue and respecting diverse opinions (p=0.04). The findings indicate a potential value for a faculty development course designed to enhance online teaching, sense of community, and satisfaction, even for faculty members with high self-ratings regarding best practices.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários/educação , Educação a Distância , Docentes , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Comunicação , Instrução por Computador , Tecnologia Educacional , Retroalimentação , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Sistemas On-Line , Satisfação Pessoal , Projetos Piloto , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Ensino/métodos
11.
Spec Care Dentist ; 34(4): 164-70, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25039379

RESUMO

This preintervention/postintervention pilot study examined impact of onsite support by a dental hygiene champion (DHC) on oral health and quality of life (QOL) of elderly residents in three long-term care facilities (LTCFs) in Arkansas. Oral health and oral health-related QOL were operationalized using the Oral Health Assessment Tool (OHAT) and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI), respectively. CNAs in Facility A received standardized oral health education/materials with onsite DHC support. Facility B received education/materials only. Facility C served as control. Data analyses included Wilcoxon-signed rank tests (OHAT) and repeated measures ANOVA (GOHAI) (p ≤ .05). OHAT postintervention data in Facility A showed significant improvements in three measured areas (tongue health, denture status, and oral cleanliness); in Facility B, one area (tongue health); and none in Facility C. No significant differences were found in GOHAI scores across facilities. Findings suggest that the presence of DHCs in LTCFs may positively impact the oral health of CNA-assisted residents.


Assuntos
Casas de Saúde/organização & administração , Saúde Bucal , Arkansas , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração/organização & administração , Projetos Piloto
12.
J Dent Hyg ; 88(2): 66-8, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24771770

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/normas , Higienistas Dentários , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Tomada de Decisões , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez
14.
J Dent Hyg ; 87 Suppl 1: 5-22, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24046337

RESUMO

Dental hygiene is defined as the science and practice of the recognition, treatment and prevention of oral diseases. The history of dental hygiene research is considered in the context of the development of the discipline and an emerging infrastructure. Research-related events supporting the growth and maturation of the profession are considered from the early years to the most recent. The benefits of preventive oral health services provided by dental hygienists have been supported by research, and the practice of dental hygiene has expanded as a result of research findings since its inception 100 years ago. Dental hygienists' engagement in research, however, did not begin until the 1960s as research associates or administrators, primarily with dental researchers as primary investigators. The Journal of Dental Hygiene (JDH) has provided information for dental hygiene practice since 1927, and has been the primary venue for dissemination of dental hygiene research since 1945. Graduate education in dental hygiene at the master's degree level and the work of early dental hygiene researchers led to the first conference on dental hygiene research in 1982. Over 30 years later, dental hygiene has established a meta-paradigm and defined conceptual models, built an initial infrastructure to support research endeavors and contributed much to the development of dental hygiene as a unique discipline. A doctoral degree in the discipline, continued theory-based research, initiatives to foster collaborations between dental hygiene and other researchers and enhanced capabilities to attract funding to support large scale studies are goals that must be attained through the efforts of future researchers to address the needs for additional development in the discipline of dental hygiene. Dental hygiene research supports the growing discipline and its value to society.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários/história , Pesquisa/história , Profilaxia Dentária/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/história , Estados Unidos
15.
J Dent Hyg ; 87(1): 5-9, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23433692
16.
J Dent Hyg ; 86(4): 260-4, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23168099

RESUMO

The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Consultórios Odontológicos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Adulto , Glicemia/análise , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Estatura , Peso Corporal , Higienistas Dentários , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Hepatite/diagnóstico , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Saliva/química , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde da População Urbana
17.
J Dent Hyg ; 86(3): 163-7, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22947838
18.
J Dent Hyg ; 86(3): 204-14, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22947843

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess if patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) receiving periodontal debridement for treatment of chronic periodontitis with ultrasonic or hand instrumentation experienced changes in quality of life or incidents of illness following treatment or no treatment. METHODS: The study design was a 3 group, randomized, controlled pre- and post-test experimental pilot study. Volunteers with COPD and chronic periodontitis (n=30) were recruited from physician offices or fliers and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups. Of those, 2 groups had periodontal debridement using either magnetostrictive ultrasonic instrumentation (n=10) or hand instrumentation (n=10). A control group (n=10) received no treatment. Primary outcomes, quality of life and illness were measured by the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ-A) and Illness Questionnaire, respectively. Subjects completed the questionnaires as pre-tests at baseline and as post-tests 4 weeks post-treatment/no treatment. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare groups on continuous variables (p ≤ 0.05) measured by SGRQ-A total scores and symptoms, activities and impacts subscales. Percentages, frequencies and cross tabulations were calculated for categorical data. RESULTS: SGRQ-A and Illness Questionnaire scores showed no significant differences between groups in quality of life or illness following periodontal debridement. Total SGRQ-A scores decreased slightly for all groups with no significant difference among groups (p=0.138) and no interaction (p=0.794). Cross tabulations showed no relationship between indicators of self-reported illness before and after treatment/no treatment. No adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION: Based on this small-scale study, it seems periodontal debridement for chronic periodontitis has no effect on quality of life and illness in patients with COPD, and it may be performed with ultrasonic or hand instruments without adverse events.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Periodontite Crônica/psicologia , Tosse/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Retração Gengival/terapia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/terapia , Desbridamento Periodontal/instrumentação , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Sons Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Escarro/química , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassom/instrumentação
19.
J Dent Hyg ; 86(2): 58-62, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22584442
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