Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 184
Filtrar
1.
Chest ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of the pathways associated with airway pathophysiology in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will identify new predictive biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets. RESEARCH QUESTION: Which physiologic pathways are altered in the airways of subjects with COPD and predict exacerbations? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We applied a mass spectrometric panel of metabolomic biomarkers related to mucus hydration and inflammation to sputa from the SPIROMICS multi-center COPD study. Biomarkers elevated in sputa from subjects with COPD were evaluated for relationships to measures of COPD disease severity and their ability to predict future exacerbations. RESULTS: Sputum supernatants from 980 subjects (77 healthy non-smokers [NS], 341 smokers with preserved spirometry [SPS], and 562 COPD subjects [178 GOLD 1, 303 GOLD 2, and 81 GOLD 3]) were analyzed. Biomarkers from multiple pathways were elevated in COPD and correlated with sputum neutrophil counts. Among the most significant analytes (at FDR 0.1) were sialic acid, hypoxanthine, xanthine, methylthioadenosine, adenine, and glutathione. Sialic acid and hypoxanthine were strongly associated with measures of disease severity, and elevation of these biomarkers was associated with shorter time to exacerbation and improved prediction models of future exacerbations. INTERPRETATION: Biomarker evaluation implicated pathways involved in mucus hydration, adenosine metabolism, methionine salvage, and oxidative stress in COPD airway pathophysiology. Therapies that target these pathways may be of benefit in COPD, and a simple model adding sputum soluble phase biomarkers improves prediction of pulmonary exacerbations.

2.
Chest ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Small airways are known to be affected early in the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, traditional spirometric indices may not accurately identify small airways disease. RESEARCH QUESTION: Can FEV3/FEV6 identify early airflow abnormalities and predict future clinically important respiratory-related outcomes, including development of COPD? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included eight hundred thirty-two current and former smokers with post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ≥0.7 from the SPIROMICS cohort. Participants were classified as having a reduced pre-bronchodilator FEV3/FEV6 based on lower limit of normal (LLN) values. Repeatability analysis was performed for FEV3 and FEV6. Regression modeling was used to evaluate the relationship between baseline FEV3/FEV6 and outcome measures including functional small airways disease on thoracic imaging and respiratory exacerbations. Interval censored analysis was used to assess progression to COPD. RESULTS: FEV3/FEV6

3.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2515-2522, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511896

RESUMO

Rationale: Depression is a prevalent comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that, along with COPD, has been associated with inflammation. An association between inflammation and depression in COPD has not been validated in a large COPD cohort. Methods: Individuals from the University of Pittsburgh SCCOR cohort and the COPDGene cohort with tobacco use history and airway obstruction (FEV1/FVC <0.7) were evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), respectively. Participants completed symptom-related questionnaires and plasma IL-6 measurements. T-test, Fisher's Exact tests and logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Results: The SCCOR cohort included 220 obstructed participants: 44% female and 21.4% with elevated depressive symptoms. GOLD staging distribution was predominantly stage I and II. The COPDGene cohort included 745 obstructed participants: 44% female and 13.0% with elevated depressive symptoms. GOLD distribution was predominantly stage II and III. In the SCCOR cohort, correlation between IL-6 and depressive symptoms trended toward significance (p= 0.08). Multivariable modeling adjusted for FEV1, age, gender and medical comorbidities showed a significant association (OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.08-2.69). IL-6 was significantly associated with elevated depressive symptoms in COPDGene in both univariate (p=0.001) and multivariable modeling (OR = 1.52, 95% CI =1.13-2.04). Conclusion: Elevated plasma IL-6 levels are associated with depressive symptoms in individuals with COPD independent of airflow limitation and comorbid risk factors for depression. Our results suggest that systemic inflammation may play a significant and possibly bidirectional role in depression associated with COPD.


Assuntos
Depressão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Masculino , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia
4.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2545-2560, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511898

RESUMO

Background: Slow heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is associated with autonomic dysfunction and increased mortality. What HRR criterion at 1-minute after a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) best defines pulmonary impairment?. Study Design and Methods: A total of 5008 phase 2 COPDGene (NCT00608764) participants with smoking history were included. A total of 2127 had COPD and, of these, 385 were followed-up 5-years later. Lung surgery, transplant, bronchiectasis, atrial fibrillation, heart failure and pacemakers were exclusionary. HR was measured from pulse oximetry at end-walk and after 1-min seated recovery. A receiver operator characteristic (ROC) identified optimal HRR cut-off. Generalized linear regression determined HRR association with spirometry, chest CT, symptoms and exacerbations. Results: HRR after 6MWT (bt/min) was categorized in quintiles: ≤5 (23.0% of participants), 6-10 (20.7%), 11-15 (18.9%), 16-22 (18.5%) and ≥23 (18.9%). Compared to HRR≤5, HRR≥11 was associated with (p<0.001): lower pre-walk HR and 1-min post HR; greater end-walk HR; greater 6MWD; greater FEV1%pred; lower airway wall area and wall thickness. HRR was positively associated with FEV1%pred and negatively associated with airway wall thickness. An optimal HRR ≤10 bt/min yielded an area under the ROC curve of 0.62 (95% CI 0.58-0.66) for identifying FEV1<30%pred. HRR≥11 bt/min was the lowest HRR associated with consistently less impairment in 6MWT, spirometry and CT variables. In COPD, HRR≤10 bt/min was associated with (p<0.001): ≥2 exacerbations in the previous year (OR=1.76[1.33-2.34]); CAT≥10 (OR=1.42[1.18-1.71]); mMRC≥2 (OR=1.42[1.19-1.69]); GOLD 4 (OR=1.98[1.44-2.73]) and GOLD D (OR=1.51[1.18-1.95]). HRR≤10 bt/min was predicted COPD exacerbations at 5-year follow-up (RR=1.83[1.07-3.12], P=0.027). Conclusion: HRR≤10 bt/min after 6MWT in COPD is associated with more severe expiratory flow limitation, airway wall thickening, worse dyspnoea and quality of life, and future exacerbations, suggesting that an abnormal HRR≤10 bt/min after a 6MWT may be used in a comprehensive assessment in COPD for risk of severity, symptoms and future exacerbations.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Pulmão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Teste de Caminhada
5.
Ann Am Thorac Soc ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410883

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) have a high prevalence of depression, which is associated with increased COPD hospitalizations and readmissions. OBJECTIVES: Examine the impact of depressive symptoms compared to FEV1% on COPD morbidity. METHODS: Using longitudinal data from individuals with COPD in the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study, longitudinal growth analysis was performed to assess COPD morbidity by assessing differences in baseline 6 minute walk distance (6MWD) and patient reported outcomes (PROs) and their rate of change over time explained by depressive symptoms or lung function, as measured by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) or FEV1% respectively. PROs consisted of in person completion of St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), COPD Assessment Test (CAT), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue (FACIT-F), and Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (mMRC) measures. RESULTS: Of individuals analyzed (n=1830), 43% were females, 81% Caucasian with mean ±SD age of 65.1±8.1, and 52.7±27.5 pack-years smoking. Mean ±SD FEV1% was 60.9±23.0% and 20% had clinically significant depressive symptoms. Adjusted models showed higher HADS scores and lower FEV1% each were associated with worse PROs at baseline (p≤0.001). Depression accounted for more baseline variance in SGRQ, CAT, and FACT-F than FEV1%, explaining 30-67% of heterogeneity. While FEV1% accounted for more baseline variance in mMRC and 6MWD than depression, explaining 16-32% of heterogeneity. Depressive symptoms accounted for 3-17% variance in change over time in PROs. In contrast, FEV1% accounted for 1-4% variance over time in PROs. CONCLUSIONS: Depression is more strongly associated with many PROs at baseline and their change over time compared to FEV1%. Recognizing and incorporating the impact of depressive symptoms into individualized care may improve COPD outcomes.

6.
JCI Insight ; 6(17)2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375314

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is mainly caused by cigarette smoking and characterized by chronic inflammation in vulnerable individuals. However, it is unknown how genetic factors may shape chronic inflammation in COPD. To understand how hedgehog interacting protein, encoded by HHIP gene identified in the genome-wide association study in COPD, plays a role in inflammation, we utilized Hhip+/- mice that present persistent inflammation and emphysema upon aging similar to that observed in human COPD. By performing single-cell RNA sequencing of the whole lung from mice at different ages, we found that Hhip+/- mice developed a cytotoxic immune response with a specific increase in killer cell lectin-like receptor G1-positive CD8+ T cells with upregulated Ifnγ expression recapitulating human COPD. Hhip expression was restricted to a lung fibroblast subpopulation that had increased interaction with CD8+ T lymphocytes in Hhip+/- compared with Hhip+/+ during aging. Hhip-expressing lung fibroblasts had upregulated IL-18 pathway genes in Hhip+/- lung fibroblasts, which was sufficient to drive increased levels of IFN-γ in CD8+ T cells ex vivo. Our finding provides insight into how a common genetic variation contributes to the amplified lymphocytic inflammation in COPD.

7.
Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis ; 8(4): 528-550, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433239

RESUMO

Physical activity (PA) is of key importance for health among healthy persons and individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). PA has multiple dimensions that can be assessed and quantified objectively using activity monitors. Moreover, as shown in the published literature, variable methodologies have been used to date to quantify PA among individuals with COPD, precluding clear comparisons of outcomes across studies. The present paper aims to provide a summary of the available literature for the rationale behind using objectively measured PA and proposes a standardized methodology for assessment, including standard operating procedures for future research. The present paper, therefore, describes the concept of PA, reports on the importance of PA, summarizes the dimensions of PA, provides a standard operating procedure on how to monitor PA using objective assessments, and describes the psychometric properties of objectively measured PA. The present international task force recommends implementation of the standard operating procedure for PA data collection and reporting in the future. This should further clarify the relationship between PA and clinical outcomes, test the impact of treatment interventions on PA in individuals with COPD, and successfully propose a PA endpoint for regulatory qualification in the future.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255337, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432807

RESUMO

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of mortality in the United States; however, COPD has heterogeneous clinical phenotypes. This is the first large scale attempt which uses transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics (multi-omics) to determine whether there are molecularly defined clusters with distinct clinical phenotypes that may underlie the clinical heterogeneity. Subjects included 3,278 subjects from the COPDGene cohort with at least one of the following profiles: whole blood transcriptomes (2,650 subjects); plasma proteomes (1,013 subjects); and plasma metabolomes (1,136 subjects). 489 subjects had all three contemporaneous -omics profiles. Autoencoder embeddings were performed individually for each -omics dataset. Embeddings underwent subspace clustering using MineClus, either individually by -omics or combined, followed by recursive feature selection based on Support Vector Machines. Clusters were tested for associations with clinical variables. Optimal single -omics clustering typically resulted in two clusters. Although there was overlap for individual -omics cluster membership, each -omics cluster tended to be defined by unique molecular pathways. For example, prominent molecular features of the metabolome-based clustering included sphingomyelin, while key molecular features of the transcriptome-based clusters were related to immune and bacterial responses. We also found that when we integrated the -omics data at a later stage, we identified subtypes that varied based on age, severity of disease, in addition to diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide, and precent on atrial fibrillation. In contrast, when we integrated the -omics data at an earlier stage by treating all data sets equally, there were no clinical differences between subtypes. Similar to clinical clustering, which has revealed multiple heterogenous clinical phenotypes, we show that transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics tend to define clusters of COPD patients with different clinical characteristics. Thus, integrating these different -omics data sets affords additional insight into the molecular nature of COPD and its heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Metabolômica/métodos , Proteômica/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/classificação , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise por Conglomerados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
9.
Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis ; 8(3): 326-335, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197703

RESUMO

Secondary polycythemia has long been recognized as a consequence of chronic pulmonary disease and hypoxemia and is associated with lower mortality and fewer hospitalizations among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-prescribed long-term oxygen therapy. This study investigates the association of polycythemia with COPD severity, phenotypic features, and respiratory exacerbations in a contemporary and representative sample of individuals with COPD. Current and former smokers with COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] to forced vital capacity [FVC] ratio <70%) without a history of hematologic/oncologic disorders were selected from the SubPopulations and InteRmediate Outcomes Measures In COPD Study (SPIROMICS), a multi-center observational cohort. Participants with polycythemia (hemoglobin ≥15g/dL [females] or ≥17g/dL [males]), were compared to individuals without anemia (hemoglobin ≥12g/dL [females] or ≥13g/dL [males]). Cross-sectional outcomes including percent predicted FEV1, respiratory symptoms, quality of life, exercise tolerance, and percentage and distribution of emphysema (voxels<-950 Hounsfield units [HU] at total lung capacity) were evaluated using linear or logistic regression. Longitudinal acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) and severe AECOPD (requiring an emergency department visit or hospitalization) were assessed using zero-inflated negative binomial models. Among 1261 participants, 148 (11.7%) had polycythemia. Average follow-up was 4.2±1.7 years and did not differ by presence of polycythemia. In multivariate analysis, compared to participants with normal hemoglobin, polycythemia was associated with a reduced rate of severe AECOPD (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.57, 95% CI: 0.33-0.98), lower percent predicted FEV1, lower resting oxygen saturation, increased upper to lower lobe ratio of emphysema, and a greater degree of emphysema, though the latter was attenuated after adjusting for lung function. There were no significant differences in total AECOPD, patient-reported outcomes, or exercise tolerance. These findings suggest that polycythemia, while associated with less favorable physiologic parameters, is not independently associated with symptoms, and is associated with fewer severe exacerbations. Future studies should explore the potentially protective role of increased hemoglobin beyond the correction of anemia.

10.
ERJ Open Res ; 7(3)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322549

RESUMO

In COPD, anaemia is associated with increased morbidity, but the relationship between haemoglobin over its entire observed range and morbidity is poorly understood. Such an understanding could guide future therapeutic targeting of haemoglobin in COPD management. Leveraging the COPDGene study, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis of haemoglobin from COPD participants, examining symptoms, quality of life, functional performance, and acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). Haemoglobin was analysed both as a continuous variable and categorised into anaemia, normal haemoglobin, and polycythaemia groups. Fractional polynomial modelling was used for continuous analyses; categorical models were multivariable linear or negative binomial regressions. Covariates included demographics, comorbidities, emphysema, diffusing capacity, and airflow obstruction. From 2539 participants, 366 (14%) were identified as anaemic and 125 (5%) as polycythaemic. Compared with normal haemoglobin, anaemia was significantly associated with increased symptoms (COPD Assessment Test score: p=0.006, modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) Dyspnoea Score: p=0.001); worse quality of life (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score: p<0.001; Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-item Questionnaire (SF-36) General Health: p=0.002; SF-36 Physical Health: p<0.001), decreased functional performance (6-min walk distance (6MWD): p<0.001), and severe AECOPD (p=0.01), while polycythaemia was not. Continuous models, however, demonstrated increased morbidity at both ends of the haemoglobin distribution (p<0.01 for mMRC, SGRQ, SF-36 Physical Health, 6MWD, and severe AECOPD). Evaluating interactions, both diffusing capacity and haemoglobin were independently associated with morbidity. We present novel findings that haemoglobin derangements towards either extreme of the observed range are associated with increased morbidity in COPD. Further investigation is necessary to determine whether haemoglobin derangement drives morbidity or merely reflects systemic inflammation, and whether correcting haemoglobin towards the normal range improves morbidity.

11.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 204(5): 536-545, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971109

RESUMO

Rationale: Racial residential segregation has been associated with worse health outcomes, but the link with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) morbidity has not been established.Objectives: To investigate whether racial residential segregation is associated with COPD morbidity among urban Black adults with or at risk of COPD.Methods: Racial residential segregation was assessed using isolation index, based on 2010 decennial census and baseline address, for Black former and current smokers in the multicenter SPIROMICS (Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study), a study of adults with or at risk for COPD. We tested the association between isolation index and respiratory symptoms, physiologic outcomes, imaging parameters, and exacerbation risk among urban Black residents, adjusting for established COPD risk factors, including smoking. Additional mediation analyses were conducted for factors that could lie on the pathway between segregation and COPD outcomes, including individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status, comorbidity burden, depression/anxiety, and ambient pollution.Measurements and Main Results: Among 515 Black participants, those residing in segregated neighborhoods (i.e., isolation index ⩾0.6) had worse COPD Assessment Test score (ß = 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.7 to 4.0), dyspnea (modified Medical Research Council scale; ß = 0.29; 95% CI, 0.10 to 0.47), quality of life (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire; ß = 6.1; 95% CI, 2.3 to 9.9), and cough and sputum (ß = 0.8; 95% CI, 0.1 to 1.5); lower FEV1% predicted (ß = -7.3; 95% CI, -10.9 to -3.6); higher rate of any and severe exacerbations; and higher percentage emphysema (ß = 2.3; 95% CI, 0.7 to 3.9) and air trapping (ß = 3.8; 95% CI, 0.6 to 7.1). Adverse associations attenuated with adjustment for potential mediators but remained robust for several outcomes, including dyspnea, FEV1% predicted, percentage emphysema, and air trapping.Conclusions: Racial residential segregation was adversely associated with COPD morbidity among urban Black participants and supports the hypothesis that racial segregation plays a role in explaining health inequities affecting Black communities.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etnologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Segregação Social , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Características de Residência , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/etnologia
13.
Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis ; 8(2): 277-291, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829714

RESUMO

Introduction: Age and vitamin D levels may affect symptom burden in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We used the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS) to determine independent associations between vitamin D levels and COPD symptoms in different age strata. Methods: Serum 25-hydroxy (OH)-vitamin D levels were modeled continuously and categorically (<20 ng/ml versus ≥20 ng/ml). Stratifying by age group (middle-age: 40-64 years old and older: >65 years old), multivariable modeling was performed to identify relationships between 25-OH-vitamin D levels and the COPD Assessment Test (CAT), the modified Medical Research Council score (mMRC), the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total and subdomain scores, the Veterans' Specific Activity Questionnaire, and the 6-minute walk test distance. Results: InIn the middle-aged group, each 5 ng/ml higher 25-OH-vitamin D level was independently associated with more favorable CAT score (-0.35 [-0.67 to -0.03], P=0.03), total SGRQ (-0.91 [-1.65 to -0.17]; P=0.02), and the SGRQ subdomains (Symptoms:-1.07 [-1.96 to -0.18], P=0.02; Impact: -0.77 [-1.53 to -0.003], P=0.049; Activity: -1.07 [-1.96 to -0.18], P=0.02). These associations persisted after the addition of comorbidity score, reported vitamin D supplementation, outdoor time, or season of blood draw to models. No associations were observed between 25-OH-vitamin D levels and symptom scores in the older age group. Discussion: When controlled for clinically relevant covariates, higher 25-OH-vitamin D levels are associated with more favorable respiratory-specific symptoms and quality-of-life assessments in middle-age but not older COPD individuals. Study of the role of vitamin D supplementation in the symptom burden of younger COPD patients is needed.

14.
Genome Med ; 13(1): 66, 2021 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The large airway epithelial barrier provides one of the first lines of defense against respiratory viruses, including SARS-CoV-2 that causes COVID-19. Substantial inter-individual variability in individual disease courses is hypothesized to be partially mediated by the differential regulation of the genes that interact with the SARS-CoV-2 virus or are involved in the subsequent host response. Here, we comprehensively investigated non-genetic and genetic factors influencing COVID-19-relevant bronchial epithelial gene expression. METHODS: We analyzed RNA-sequencing data from bronchial epithelial brushings obtained from uninfected individuals. We related ACE2 gene expression to host and environmental factors in the SPIROMICS cohort of smokers with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and replicated these associations in two asthma cohorts, SARP and MAST. To identify airway biology beyond ACE2 binding that may contribute to increased susceptibility, we used gene set enrichment analyses to determine if gene expression changes indicative of a suppressed airway immune response observed early in SARS-CoV-2 infection are also observed in association with host factors. To identify host genetic variants affecting COVID-19 susceptibility in SPIROMICS, we performed expression quantitative trait (eQTL) mapping and investigated the phenotypic associations of the eQTL variants. RESULTS: We found that ACE2 expression was higher in relation to active smoking, obesity, and hypertension that are known risk factors of COVID-19 severity, while an association with interferon-related inflammation was driven by the truncated, non-binding ACE2 isoform. We discovered that expression patterns of a suppressed airway immune response to early SARS-CoV-2 infection, compared to other viruses, are similar to patterns associated with obesity, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease, which may thus contribute to a COVID-19-susceptible airway environment. eQTL mapping identified regulatory variants for genes implicated in COVID-19, some of which had pheWAS evidence for their potential role in respiratory infections. CONCLUSIONS: These data provide evidence that clinically relevant variation in the expression of COVID-19-related genes is associated with host factors, environmental exposures, and likely host genetic variation.


Assuntos
Brônquios , COVID-19/genética , Mucosa Respiratória , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Asma/genética , COVID-19/imunologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/imunologia , Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/imunologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/genética
15.
Metabolites ; 11(3)2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799786

RESUMO

Susceptibility and progression of lung disease, as well as response to treatment, often differ by sex, yet the metabolic mechanisms driving these sex-specific differences are still poorly understood. Women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have less emphysema and more small airway disease on average than men, though these differences become less pronounced with more severe airflow limitation. While small studies of targeted metabolites have identified compounds differing by sex and COPD status, the sex-specific effect of COPD on systemic metabolism has yet to be interrogated. Significant sex differences were observed in 9 of the 11 modules identified in COPDGene. Sex-specific associations by COPD status and emphysema were observed in 3 modules for each phenotype. Sex stratified individual metabolite associations with COPD demonstrated male-specific associations in sphingomyelins and female-specific associations in acyl carnitines and phosphatidylethanolamines. There was high preservation of module assignments in SPIROMICS (SubPopulations and InteRmediate Outcome Measures In COPD Study) and similar female-specific shift in acyl carnitines. Several COPD associated metabolites differed by sex. Acyl carnitines and sphingomyelins demonstrate sex-specific abundances and may represent important metabolic signatures of sex differences in COPD. Accurately characterizing the sex-specific molecular differences in COPD is vital for personalized diagnostics and therapeutics.

16.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 126, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of mechanism-driven, clinically relevant biomarkers in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mitochondrial dysfunction, a proposed disease mechanism in COPD, is associated with the release of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), but plasma cell-free mtDNA has not been previously examined prospectively for associations with clinical COPD measures. METHODS: P-mtDNA, defined as copy number of mitochondrially-encoded NADH dehydrogenase-1 (MT-ND1) gene, was measured by real-time quantitative PCR in 700 plasma samples from participants enrolled in the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS) cohort. Associations between p-mtDNA and clinical disease parameters were examined, adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, and for informative loss to follow-up. RESULTS: P-mtDNA levels were higher in participants with mild or moderate COPD, compared to smokers without airflow obstruction, and to participants with severe COPD. Baseline increased p-mtDNA levels were associated with better CAT scores in female smokers without airflow obstruction and female participants with mild or moderate COPD on 1-year follow-up, but worse 6MWD in females with severe COPD. Higher p-mtDNA levels were associated with better 6MWD in male participants with severe COPD. These associations were no longer significant after adjusting for informative loss to follow-up. CONCLUSION: In this study, p-mtDNA levels associated with baseline COPD status but not future changes in clinical COPD measures after accounting for informative loss to follow-up. To better characterize mitochondrial dysfunction as a potential COPD endotype, these results should be confirmed and validated in future studies. TRIAL REGISTRATION:  ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01969344 (SPIROMICS).


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , NADH Desidrogenase/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Idoso , DNA Mitocondrial/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , NADH Desidrogenase/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fumantes , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Teste de Caminhada
17.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 127, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) is a proposed emphysema and airflow obstruction biomarker; however, previous publications have shown inconsistent associations and only one study has investigate the association between sRAGE and emphysema. No cohorts have examined the association between sRAGE and progressive decline of lung function. There have also been no evaluation of assay compatibility, receiver operating characteristics, and little examination of the effect of genetic variability in non-white population. This manuscript addresses these deficiencies and introduces novel data from Pittsburgh COPD SCCOR and as well as novel work on airflow obstruction. A meta-analysis is used to quantify sRAGE associations with clinical phenotypes. METHODS: sRAGE was measured in four independent longitudinal cohorts on different analytic assays: COPDGene (n = 1443); SPIROMICS (n = 1623); ECLIPSE (n = 2349); Pittsburgh COPD SCCOR (n = 399). We constructed adjusted linear mixed models to determine associations of sRAGE with baseline and follow up forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) and emphysema by quantitative high-resolution CT lung density at the 15th percentile (adjusted for total lung capacity). RESULTS: Lower plasma or serum sRAGE values were associated with a COPD diagnosis (P < 0.001), reduced FEV1 (P < 0.001), and emphysema severity (P < 0.001). In an inverse-variance weighted meta-analysis, one SD lower log10-transformed sRAGE was associated with 105 ± 22 mL lower FEV1 and 4.14 ± 0.55 g/L lower adjusted lung density. After adjusting for covariates, lower sRAGE at baseline was associated with greater FEV1 decline and emphysema progression only in the ECLIPSE cohort. Non-Hispanic white subjects carrying the rs2070600 minor allele (A) and non-Hispanic African Americans carrying the rs2071288 minor allele (A) had lower sRAGE measurements compare to those with the major allele, but their emphysema-sRAGE regression slopes were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Lower blood sRAGE is associated with more severe airflow obstruction and emphysema, but associations with progression are inconsistent in the cohorts analyzed. In these cohorts, genotype influenced sRAGE measurements and strengthened variance modelling. Thus, genotype should be included in sRAGE evaluations.


Assuntos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Enfisema Pulmonar/sangue , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Enfisema Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Enfisema Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espirometria , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Capacidade Vital
19.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 7(1): 14, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547327

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is heterogeneous in development, progression, and phenotypes. Little is known about the lung microbiome, sampled by bronchoscopy, in milder COPD and its relationships to clinical features that reflect disease heterogeneity (lung function, symptom burden, and functional impairment). Using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid collected from 181 never-smokers and ever-smokers with or without COPD (GOLD 0-2) enrolled in the SubPopulations and InteRmediate Outcome Measures In COPD Study (SPIROMICS), we find that lung bacterial composition associates with several clinical features, in particular bronchodilator responsiveness, peak expiratory flow rate, and forced expiratory flow rate between 25 and 75% of FVC (FEF25-75). Measures of symptom burden (COPD Assessment Test) and functional impairment (six-minute walk distance) also associate with disparate lung microbiota composition. Drivers of these relationships include members of the Streptococcus, Prevotella, Veillonella, Staphylococcus, and Pseudomonas genera. Thus, lung microbiota differences may contribute to airway dysfunction and airway disease in milder COPD.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Pulmão/microbiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/microbiologia , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/microbiologia , Espirometria
20.
Chest ; 160(1): 94-103, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mild expiratory flow limitation may not be recognized using traditional spirometric criteria based on the ratio of FEV1/FVC. RESEARCH QUESTION: Does slow vital capacity (SVC) instead of FVC increase the sensitivity of spirometry to identify patients with early or mild obstructive lung disease? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 854 current and former smokers from the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study cohort with a postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC ≥ 0.7 and FEV1 % predicted of ≥ 80% at enrollment. We compared baseline characteristics, chest CT scan features, exacerbations, and progression to COPD (postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC, < 0.7) during the follow-up period between 734 participants with postbronchodilator FEV1/SVC of ≥ 0.7 and 120 with postbronchodilator FEV1/SVC < 0.7 at the enrollment. We performed multivariate linear and logistic regression models and negative binomial and interval-censored proportion hazards regression models adjusted for demographics and smoking exposure to examine the association of FEV1/SVC < 0.7 with those characteristics and outcomes. RESULTS: Participants with FEV1/SVC < 0.7 were older and had lower FEV1 and more emphysema than those with FEV1/SVC ≥ 0.7. In adjusted analysis, individuals with postbronchodilator FEV1/SVC < 0.7 showed a greater percentage of emphysema by 0.45% (95% CI, 0.09%-0.82%), percentage of gas trapping by 2.52% (95% CI, 0.59%-4.44%), and percentage of functional small airways disease based on parametric response mapping by 2.78% (95% CI, 0.72%-4.83%) at baseline than those with FEV1/SVC ≥ 0.7. During a median follow-up time of 1,500 days, an FEV1/SVC < 0.7 was not associated with total exacerbations (incident rate ratio [IRR], 1.61; 95% CI, 0.97-2.64), but was associated with severe exacerbations (IRR, 2.60; 95% CI, 1.04-4.89). An FEV1/SVC < 0.7 was associated with progression to COPD during a 3-year follow-up even after adjustment for demographics and smoking exposure (hazard ratio, 3.93; 95% CI, 2.71-5.72). We found similar results when we examined the association of prebronchodilator FEV1/SVC < 0.7 or FEV1/SVC less than the lower limit of normal with chest CT scan features and progression to COPD. INTERPRETATION: Low FEV1 to SVC in current and former smokers with normal spirometry results can identify individuals with CT scan features of COPD who are at risk for severe exacerbations and is associated with progression to COPD in the future. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT01969344T4; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.


Assuntos
Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Fumantes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia , Progressão da Doença , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Espirometria/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...