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Inorg Chem ; 57(11): 6491-6502, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745653


The first-row transition-metal(II) dithiolates M(SAriPr4)2 [AriPr4 = C6H3-2,6-(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)2; M = Cr (1), Mn (3), Fe (4), Co (5), Ni (6), and Zn (7)] and Cr(SArMe6)2 [2; ArMe6 = C6H3-2,6-(C6H2-2,4,6-Me3)2] and the ligand-transfer reagent (NaSAriPr4)2 (8) are described. In contrast to their M(SAriPr6)2 (M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Zn; AriPr6 = C6H3-2,6-(C6H2-2,4,6-iPr3)2) congeners, which differ from 1 and 3-6 in having p-isopropyl groups on the flanking aryl rings of the terphenyl substituents, compounds 1 and 4-6 display highly bent coordination geometries with S-M-S angles of 109.802(2)° (1), 120.2828(3)° (4), 91.730(3)° (5), and 92.68(2)° (6) as well as relatively close metal-flanking aryl ring η6 interactions with metal-centroid distances of 2.11477(6) Å (1), 1.97188(3) Å (2), 2.15269(6) Å (4), 1.62058(9) Å (5), and 1.724(8) Å (6). However, the d5 (Mn) and d10 (Zn) complexes 3 and 7 display linear or near-linear coordination with no close metal-ligand distances. The nonlinear geometries of 1 and 4-6 also contrast with those of their AriPr4-substituted alkoxo and amido congeners, which have strictly linear coordination. Complexes 1-7 were synthesized by the reaction of the lithium or sodium thiolate salt with the metal dihalide or, in the case of 3, by the reaction of the thiol with the amido complex Mn[N(SiMe3)2]2. All compounds were characterized by electronic spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, and magnetic measurements using Evans' method and SQUID magnetometry. It was concluded that, despite the large bulk of the AriPr4 substituents, the absence of p-isopropyl groups on the flanking rings of the ligand permits close secondary metal-flanking ring distances. The compounds are characterized by more intense colors and display magnetic moments that are generally lower than the spin-only values, in agreement with the covalent character of the close metal-flanking ring η6 interactions.

Inorg Chem ; 52(24): 14216-23, 2013 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24266522


The titanium bisamido complex Ti{N(H)Ar(iPr6)}2 (Ar(iPr6) = C6H3-2,6-(C6H2-2,4,6-(i)Pr3)2 (2), along with its three-coordinate titanium(III) precursor, TiCl{N(H)Ar(iPr6)}2 (1), have been synthesized and characterized. Compound 1 was obtained via the stoichiometric reaction of LiN(H)Ar(iPr6) with the Ti(III) complex TiCl3·2NMe3 in trimethylamine. Reduction of 1 with 1 equiv of KC8 afforded Ti{N(H)Ar(iPr6)}2 (2) in moderate yield. Both 1 and 2 were characterized by X-ray crystallography, NMR, and IR spectroscopy, magnetic studies, and by density functional theory (DFT) computations. The precursor 1 has quasi-four-coordinate coordination at the titanium atom, with bonding to two amido nitrogens and a chlorine as well as a secondary interaction to a flanking aryl ring of a terphenyl substituent. Compound 2 displays a very distorted four-coordinate metal environment in which the titanium atom is bound to two amido nitrogens and to two carbons from a terphenyl aryl ring. This structure is in sharp contrast to the expected two-coordinate linear structure that was observed in its first row metal (V-Ni) analogues. Magnetic studies confirm a d(1) electron configuration for 1 but indicate that Ti{N(H)Ar(iPr6)}2 (2) is diamagnetic at ambient temperature consistent with the oxidation of titanium to Ti(IV). The different structure of 2 is attributed to the high reducing tendency of the Ti(II) in comparison to the other metals.

J Am Chem Soc ; 135(29): 10720-8, 2013 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23782062


The synthesis and characterization of the first stable two-coordinate vanadium complexes are described. The vanadium(II) primary amido derivative V{N(H)Ar(iPr6)}2 [Ar(iPr6) = C6H3-2,6-(C6H2-2,4,6-iPr3)2] (1) was synthesized via the reaction of LiN(H)Ar(iPr6) with the V(III) complex VCl3·2NMe3 or the V(II) salt [V2Cl3(THF)6](+)I(-) in a 2:1 and 4:1 stoichiometry, respectively. Reaction of the less crowded LiN(H)Ar(Me6) with [V2Cl3(THF)6](+)I(-) afforded V{N(H)Ar(Me6)}2 [Ar(Me6) = C6H3-2,6-(C6H2-2,4,6-Me3)2] (2), which has a nonlinear [N-V-N = 123.47(9)°] vanadium coordination. Magnetometry studies showed that V{N(H)Ar(iPr6)}2 and V{N(H)Ar(Me6)}2 have ambient temperature magnetic moments of 3.41 and 2.77 µB, respectively, which are consistent with a high-spin d(3) electron configuration. These values suggest a significant spin orbital angular momentum contribution that leads to a magnetic moment that is lower than their spin-only value of 3.87 µB. DFT calculations showed that the major absorptions in their UV-vis spectra were due to ligand to metal charge transfer transitions. Exposure of the reaction mixture for 2 to dry O2 resulted in the formation of the diamagnetic V(V) oxocluster [V{N(H)Ar(Me6)}2]2(µ-O-Li-O)2 (3).

J Am Chem Soc ; 135(5): 1952-60, 2013 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23343001


The mechanism of the reaction of olefins and hydrogen with dimetallenes ArMMAr (Ar = aromatic group; M = Al or Ga) was studied by density functional theory calculations and experimental methods. The digallenes, for which the most experimental data are available, are extensively dissociated to gallanediyl monomers, :GaAr, in hydrocarbon solution, but the calculations and experimental data showed also that they react with simple olefins, such as ethylene, as intact ArGaGaAr dimers via stepwise [2 + 2 + 2] cycloadditions due to their considerably lower activation barriers vis-à-vis the gallanediyl monomers, :GaAr. This pathway was preferred over the [2 + 2] cycloaddition of olefin to monomeric :GaAr to form a gallacyclopropane ring with subsequent dimerization to yield the 1,2-digallacyclobutane intermediate and, subsequently, the 1,4-digallacyclohexane product. The calculations showed also that the addition of H(2) to digallene proceeds by a different mechanism involving the initial addition of one equivalent of H(2) to form a 1,2-dihydride intermediate. This reacts with a second equivalent of H(2) to give two ArGaH(2) fragments which recombine to give the observed product with terminal and bridging H-atoms, Ar(H)Ga(µ-H)(2)Ga(H)Ar. The computations agree with the experimental observation that the :GaAr(iPr(8)) (Ar(iPr(8)) = C(6)H-2,6-(C(6)H(3)-2,4,6-(i)Pr(3))(2)-3,5-(i)Pr(2)), which does not associate even in the solid state, does not react with ethylene or hydrogen. Calculations on the reaction of propene with ArAlAlAr show that, in contrast to the digallenes, addition involves an open-shell transition state consistent with the higher singlet diradical character of dialuminenes.

Alcenos/química , Alumínio/química , Ciclobutanos/síntese química , Gálio/química , Hidrogênio/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Ciclização , Ciclobutanos/química , Teoria Quântica
Inorg Chem ; 51(5): 3212-9, 2012 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22356657


The synthesis and characterization of the mononuclear chromium(II) terphenyl substituted primary amido-complexes Cr{N(H)Ar(Pr(i)(6))}(2) (Ar(Pr(i)(6)) = C(6)H(3)-2,6-(C(6)H(2)-2,4,6-(i)Pr(3))(2) (1), Cr{N(H)Ar(Pr(i)(4))}(2) (Ar(Pr(i)(4)) = C(6)H(3)-2,6-(C(6)H(3)-2,6-(i)Pr(2))(2) (2), Cr{N(H)Ar(Me(6))}(2) (Ar(Me(6)) = C(6)H(3)-2,6-(C(6)H(2)-2,4,6-Me(3))(2) (4), and the Lewis base adduct Cr{N(H)Ar(Me(6))}(2)(THF) (3) are described. Reaction of the terphenyl primary amido lithium derivatives Li{N(H)Ar(Pr(i)(6))} and Li{N(H)Ar(Pr(i)(4))} with CrCl(2)(THF)(2) in a 2:1 ratio afforded complexes 1 and 2, which are extremely rare examples of two coordinate chromium and the first stable chromium amides to have linear coordinated high-spin Cr(2+). The reaction of the less crowded terphenyl primary amido lithium salt Li{N(H)Ar(Me(6))} with CrCl(2)(THF)(2) gave the tetrahydrofuran (THF) complex 3, which has a distorted T-shaped metal coordination. Desolvation of 3 at about 70 °C gave 4 which has a formally two-coordinate chromous ion with a very strongly bent core geometry (N-Cr-N= 121.49(13)°) with secondary Cr--C(aryl ring) interactions of 2.338(4) Å to the ligand. Magnetometry studies showed that the two linear chromium species 1 and 2 have ambient temperature magnetic moments of about 4.20 µ(B) and 4.33 µ(B) which are lower than the spin-only value of 4.90 µ(B) typically observed for six coordinate Cr(2+). The bent complex 4 has a similar room temperature magnetic moment of about 4.36 µ(B). These studies suggest that the two-coordinate chromium complexes have significant spin-orbit coupling effects which lead to moments lower than the spin only value of 4.90 µ(B) because λ (the spin orbit coupling parameter) is positive. The three-coordinated complex 3 had a magnetic moment of 3.79 µ(B).