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1.
s.l; Fundación Programa de Investigación y Estudios Estratégicos;Latinoamericanos (Pinves); ago 2020. 211 p. graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1117643

RESUMO

El conjunto de ensayos que componen este libro han sido hechos en plena pandemia y procuran aportar a la memoria histórica latinoamericana y caribeña, además de ser un documento elaborado únicamente por mujeres, cuya sensibilidad y capacidad intelectual se unen con el fin de alertar a las lectoras y los lectores acerca de la peligrosidad del asedio contra la Revolución bolivariana, que pone en riesgo, sin duda alguna, la paz de toda la humanidad(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Venezuela , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Memória
2.
Genet Med ; 22(8): 1338-1347, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424177

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Genitopatellar syndrome and Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson syndrome are caused by variants in the KAT6B gene and are part of a broad clinical spectrum called KAT6B disorders, whose variable expressivity is increasingly being recognized. METHODS: We herein present the phenotypes of 32 previously unreported individuals with a molecularly confirmed diagnosis of a KAT6B disorder, report 24 new pathogenic KAT6B variants, and review phenotypic information available on all published individuals with this condition. We also suggest a classification of clinical subtypes within the KAT6B disorder spectrum. RESULTS: We demonstrate that cerebral anomalies, optic nerve hypoplasia, neurobehavioral difficulties, and distal limb anomalies other than long thumbs and great toes, such as polydactyly, are more frequently observed than initially reported. Intestinal malrotation and its serious consequences can be present in affected individuals. Additionally, we identified four children with Pierre Robin sequence, four individuals who had increased nuchal translucency/cystic hygroma prenatally, and two fetuses with severe renal anomalies leading to renal failure. We also report an individual in which a pathogenic variant was inherited from a mildly affected parent. CONCLUSION: Our work provides a comprehensive review and expansion of the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of KAT6B disorders that will assist clinicians in the assessment, counseling, and management of affected individuals.


Assuntos
Blefarofimose , Deficiência Intelectual , Blefarofimose/genética , Éxons , Histona Acetiltransferases/genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação
5.
Arch. venez. pueric. pediatr ; 79(4): 127-131, dic. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-838652

RESUMO

La enfermedad de Gaucher es un trastorno de herencia autosómica recesiva y la enfermedad de depósito lisosomal más frecuente causada por deficiencia de la actividad enzimática de la β-Glucosidasa. Objetivo: establecer valores de referencia de actividad enzimática lisosomal de β-glucosidasa y quitotriosidasa en lactantes en población Venezolana. Método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo y transversal en 98 lactantes sanos con edades comprendidas entre 1 mes y 24 meses, de ambos sexos (48 femeninos y 50 masculinos). La actividad enzimática de β-glucosidasa y quitotriosidasa fue determinada en gotas de sangre seca (siglas en inglés, DBS) siguiendo el protocolo propuesto por Chamoles y col. El análisis estadístico de los datos se realizó con el programa estadístico SPSS Statistics 17.0 para Windows. Resultados: El rango de actividad enzimática para la β-Glucosidasa obtenido en esta investigación fue 2,3 - 12 nmol/ml/h, con una media de 6,7 ± 2,5 y para la Quitotriosidasa 0 - 44,2 nmol/ml/h con una media de 18,4 ± 10,4 nmol/ml/h, utilizando discos de papel de filtro de 3mm de diámetro con sangre seca (aproximadamente 3,6 μl de sangre). Conclusión: Los valores de referencia de actividad enzimática lisosomal en DBS para β-glucosidasa y quitotriosidasa son establecidos por vez primera en lactantes sanos venezolanos; no obstante, estos resultados difieren con los reportados en estudios internacionales, recomendándose la determinación de valores de referencias autóctonos en diferentes grupos etarios.


Gaucher´s Disease is an autosomal recessive disorder and the most common lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of β-glucosidase enzyme activity. Objetive: to establish reference values for lysosomal enzyme activity of β-glucosidase and chitotriosidase in Venezuelan infants. Methods:A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 98 healthy infants with ages ranging from 1 month to 24 months (48 females and 50 males). Enzymatic activity of β-glucosidase and chitotriosidase were determined in dried blood spots (DBS) following the protocol by Chamoles et al. Statistical analysis of data was performed with software SPSS 17.0 for Windows Statistics. Results: The range of enzymatic activity for β-glucosidase was 2.3 to 12 nmol/ml/h, with an average of 6.7 ± 2.5. Chitotriosidase activity was from 0 to 44.2 nmol/ml/h with an average of 18.4 ± 10.4 using 3mm diameter discs of filter paper with dried blood (approximately 3.6 μl of blood). Conclusions: The reference values of lysosomal enzyme activity in DBS for β-Glucosidase and quitotriosidase were established for the first time in healthy Venezuelan infants; however, these results differ from those reported in international studies, for which reason autochthonous reference values should be determined in different age groups.

6.
Rev. obstet. ginecol. Venezuela ; 76(1): 53-59, mar. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-788163

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar la mutación ΔF508 en pacientes con íleo meconial. Ambiente: En el Instituto de Investigaciones Genéticas de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo. Métodos: Se estudiaron diez pacientes con ileo meconial. La detección de la mutación ΔF508 se realizó a partir de amplificación por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa de un segmento del gen de fibrosis quística de 98 pares de bases que contiene el codón que codifica a la fenilalanina en la posición 508 y el cual está ausente en los que tienen la mutación. Resultados: Se detectó la mutación ΔF508 en ambos alelos del gen de la fibrosis quística en tres pacientes, en un solo alelo en cinco y en dos no se identificó el alelo ΔF508 en su patrón molecular. Conclusión: El íleo meconial fue el marcador que sugirió el diagnóstico de fibrosis quística y permitió el asesoramiento genético de las familias al confirmar la presencia de la mutación ΔF508.


Objective: To perform ΔF508 mutation in patients with meconium ileus. Setting: In the Genetic Research Institute of the Faculty of Medicine. University of Zulia. Maracaibo. Methods: We studied 10 patients with meconium ileus. Detection of the mutation was performed from the amplification of a 98 pair of bases cystic fibrosis gene segment which contains the codon that encodes fenilalanine in the 508 position by polymerase chain reaction. This amplified product is absent in those who have the mutation. Results: The ΔF508 mutation was detected in both alleles of the cystic fibrosis gene in 3 patients, 5 were heterozygous for this mutation and in two patients were undetectable. Conclusion: Meconium ileus was the marker that suggested the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis and allowed the genetic counseling in this family to confirm the presence of the ΔF508 mutation.

7.
Invest Clin ; 56(3): 284-95, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26710543

RESUMO

Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common congenital anomalies of the central nervous system, with a multifactorial pattern of inheritance, presumably involving the interaction of several genetic and environmental factors. The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene 677C>T polymorphism has been implicated as a risk factor for NTD. The main objective of this research was to investigate the association of the 677C>T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene as a genetic risk factor for NTD. Molecular analysis was performed in DNA samples from 52 mothers with antecedent of NTD offspring and from 119 healthy control mothers. Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction, a 198 bases pairs fragment was digested with the restriction enzyme Hinfi. 677T MTHFR allele frequencies for the problem and the control groups were 51.92% and 34.45%, respectively, and 677C MTHFR allele frequencies were 48.08% and 65.55%, respectively. There were significant differences in allele (p: 0.002) and genotype (p: 0.007) frequencies between these two groups. The odds ratio (OR) to the TT genotype vs. the CC genotype was estimated as OR: 4.9 [95% CI: 1,347-6.416] p: 0.002; CT+TT vs. CC: OR: 2.9 [95% CI: 1.347-6.416] p: 0.005; TT vs. CT+CC: OR: 2.675 [95% CI: 1,111-6.441] p: 0.024. The data presented in this study support the relationship between MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism and risk in mothers with antecedent of NTD offspring.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Genético , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 41(12): 1891-8, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26369382

RESUMO

AIM: The objective of this study was to determine the ability of biochemical analytes to identify adverse outcomes in pregnancies with Turner syndrome. METHODS: Maternal serum and amniotic fluid (AF) marker concentrations were measured in 73 singleton pregnancies with Turner syndrome (10-22 weeks of gestation). Fetal Turner syndrome was definitively established by cytogenetic analysis. Two subgroups, fetuses with hydrops fetalis versus fetuses with cystic hygroma, were compared. Receiver operating characteristic curves and relative risk were established for a cut-off multiples of the median ≥3.5 for ß-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or AF alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). RESULTS: Forty-nine (67%) of 73 pregnant women had an abnormal maternal serum. While levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A and free ß-subunit (fß)-hCG were not different to those of the control group, AFP, unconjugated estriol and ß-hCG concentrations were significantly different in the study group (P < 0.05), when compared to those of unaffected pregnancies. Levels of ß-hCG in pregnancies with hydrops fetalis were significantly higher than in those with cystic hygroma (P <0.0001), as were AF-AFP concentrations (P <0.0015). In addition, abnormalities in both maternal serum ß-hCG and AF-AFP predicted fetal death. The relative risk of adverse obstetric outcome was 10.667 (P = 0.0004; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.554-73.203) for ß-hCG and 2.19 (P = 0.0256; 95% CI: 1.001 to 4.779), for AF-AFP. CONCLUSION: Maternal serum ß-hCG and AF-AFP levels may preferentially identify those Turner syndrome pregnancies with the highest risk of fetal death.


Assuntos
Líquido Amniótico/química , Gonadotropina Coriônica Humana Subunidade beta/sangue , Doenças Fetais , Síndrome de Turner/complicações , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Curva ROC
9.
Invest. clín ; 56(3): 284-295, sep. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-841086

RESUMO

Los defectos del tubo neural (DTN) son las alteraciones congénitas más frecuentes del sistema nervioso central. El mecanismo de transmisión hereditario de los DTN aislados es multifactorial, se debe a la interacción de factores ambientales y genéticos. El polimorfismo 677C>T del gen de la metilentetrahidrofolato reductasa (MTHFR) ha sido implicado como factor de riesgo para DTN. El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar la asociación del polimorfismo 677C>T del gen de la MTHFR como factor de riesgo en los DTN. Se analizaron muestras de ADN de 52 madres con antecedente de al menos un hijo con DTN y de 119 madres controles. A través de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa se amplificó un fragmento de 198 pb, el cual se sometió a digestión con la enzima HinfI. La frecuencia alélica de la MTHFR en los grupos problema y control fue de 51,92% y 34,45%; para el alelo T y 48,08% y 65,55%; para el C respectivamente. Se encontró diferencia significativa entre las frecuencias del alelo T y del alelo C (p: 0,002), así como entre las frecuencias genotípicas (p: 0,007) al ser comparadas en ambos grupos. El odds ratio (OR) para el genotipo TT vs CC se estimó como OR: 4,9 [IC 95%: 1,347-6,416] p: 0,002; CT+TT vs CC: OR: 2,9 [IC 95%: 1,347-6,416] p: 0,005; TT vs CT+CC: OR: 2,675 [IC 95%: 1,111-6,441] p: 0,024. Los presentes datos aportan una asociación significativa entre el polimorfismo 677C>T de la MTHFR y riesgo aumentado en las madres con antecedente de hijos con DTN.


Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common congenital anomalies of the central nervous system, with a multifactorial pattern of inheritance, presumably involving the interaction of several genetic and environmental factors. The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene 677C>T polymorphism has been implicated as a risk factor for NTD. The main objective of this research was to investigate the association of the 677C>T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene as a genetic risk factor for NTD. Molecular analysis was performed in DNA samples from 52 mothers with antecedent of NTD offspring and from 119 healthy control mothers. Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction, a 198 bases pairs fragment was digested with the restriction enzyme HinfI. 677T MTHFR allele frequencies for the problem and the control groups were 51.92% and 34.45%, respectively, and 677C MTHFR allele frequencies were 48.08% and 65.55%, respectively. There were significant differences in allele (p: 0.002) and genotype (p: 0.007) frequencies between these two groups. The odds ratio (OR) to the TT genotype vs the CC genotype was estimated as OR: 4.9 [95% CI: 1,347-6.416] p: 0.002; CT+TT vs CC: OR: 2.9 [95% CI: 1.347-6.416] p: 0.005; TT vs CT+CC: OR: 2.675 [95% CI: 1,111-6.441] p: 0.024. The data presented in this study support the relationship between MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism and risk in mothers with antecedent of NTD offspring.

10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(2): e109-e112, abr. 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: lil-750456

RESUMO

Las formas hereditarias de exostosis múltiple, actualmente denominada EXT1 / EXT2-CDG dentro de los desórdenes congénitos de la glicosilación, son los tumores óseos benignos más comunes y se caracterizan por la formación de lesiones óseas cubiertas de cartílago, localizadas en yuxtaposición a epífisis de huesos largos, aunque, en los casos graves, pueden presentar una amplia distribución. El inicio es variable desde los 2-3 años hasta los 13-15 y presenta una incidencia estimada que va de 1/18 000 a 1/50 000 casos en los países europeos. Se presenta el caso de un doble alelo mutante en el gen EXT1 no informado previamente en una adolescente y su familia con exostosis múltiple hereditaria.


Hereditary forms of multiple exostoses, now called EXT1/EXT2-CDG within Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation, are the most common benign bone tumors in humans and clinical description consists of the formation of several cartilage-capped bone tumors, usually benign and localized in the juxta-epiphyseal region of long bones, although wide body dissemination in severe cases is not uncommon. Onset of the Alelo doble mutante en el gen EXT1 no informado previamente en una adolescente con exostosis múltiple hereditariaDouble mutant alleles in the EXT1 gene not previously reported in a teenager with hereditary multiple exostosesdisease is variable ranging from 2-3 years up to 13-15 years with an estimated incidence ranging from 1/18 000 to 1/50 000 cases in European countries. We present a double mutant alleles in the EXT1 gene not previously reported in a teenager and her family with hereditary multiple exostoses


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Pediatria , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária , Adolescente
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(2): e109-e112, abr. 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-134142

RESUMO

Las formas hereditarias de exostosis múltiple, actualmente denominada EXT1 / EXT2-CDG dentro de los desórdenes congénitos de la glicosilación, son los tumores óseos benignos más comunes y se caracterizan por la formación de lesiones óseas cubiertas de cartílago, localizadas en yuxtaposición a epífisis de huesos largos, aunque, en los casos graves, pueden presentar una amplia distribución. El inicio es variable desde los 2-3 años hasta los 13-15 y presenta una incidencia estimada que va de 1/18 000 a 1/50 000 casos en los países europeos. Se presenta el caso de un doble alelo mutante en el gen EXT1 no informado previamente en una adolescente y su familia con exostosis múltiple hereditaria.(AU)

12.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 113(2): e109-12, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25727835

RESUMO

Hereditary forms of multiple exostoses, now called EXT1/EXT2-CDG within Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation, are the most common benign bone tumors in humans and clinical description consists of the formation of several cartilage-capped bone tumors, usually benign and localized in the juxta-epiphyseal region of long bones, although wide body dissemination in severe cases is not uncommon. Onset of the disease is variable ranging from 2-3 years up to 13-15 years with an estimated incidence ranging from 1/18,000 to 1/50,000 cases in European countries. We present a double mutant alleles in the EXT1 gene not previously reported in a teenager and her family with hereditary multiple exostoses.


Assuntos
Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/genética , Mutação , N-Acetilglucosaminiltransferases/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Feminino , Humanos
13.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 113(1): e10-3, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25622169

RESUMO

Metatropic dysplasia is a skeletal disorder with clinical heterogeneity, characterized by craniofacial dysmorphy including frontal bossing and midface hypoplasia, short trunk,progressive kyphoscoliosis and shortened limbs. The TRPV4 gene is located on 12q24.11, coding a cation channel with nonselective permeability to calcium; it is expressed and involved in many physiological processes through responses to different stimuli. Over 50 mutations in TRPV4 have been described. We present a seven months old girl with heterozygous mutation c.1811_1812delinsAT; p.I604N in intron 11 not previously reported in the TRPV4 gene and with clinical findings compatible with metatropic dysplasia.


Assuntos
Nanismo/genética , Mutação , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Fenótipo
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(1): e10-e13, ene. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: lil-734295

RESUMO

La displasia metatrópica es una alteración esquelética con heterogeneidad clínica, caracterizada por dismorfias craneofaciales, que incluyen prominencia frontal e hipoplasia medio facial, tronco corto con cifoescoliosis progresiva y acortamiento de las extremidades. El gen TRPV4 se localiza en 12q24.11; codifica a un canal de catión con permeabilidad no selectiva al calcio, el cual se expresa y participa en muchos procesos fisiológicos en respuesta a diversos estímulos. Más de 50 mutaciones en TRPV4 han sido descritas. Se presenta el caso de una niña de 7 meses de edad con mutación heterocigota c.1811_1812delinsAT; p.I604N en el intrón 11 no informada previamente en el gen TRPV4 y con hallazgos clínicos compatibles con displasia metatrópica.


Metatropic dysplasia is a skeletal disorder with clinical heterogeneity, characterized by craniofacial dysmorphy including frontal bossing and midface hypoplasia, short trunk, progressive kyphoscoliosis and shortened limbs. The TRPV4 gene is located on 12q24.11, coding a cation channel with non-selective permeability to calcium; it is expressed and involved in many physiological processes through responses to different stimuli. Over 50 mutations in TRPV4 have been described. We present a seven months old girl with heterozygous mutation c.1811_1812delinsAT; p.I604N in intron 11 not previously reported in the TRPV4 gene and with clinical findings compatible with metatropic dysplasia


Assuntos
Feminino , Lactente , Pediatria , Anormalidades Craniofaciais , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas , Mutação
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(1): e10-e13, ene. 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-132036

RESUMO

La displasia metatrópica es una alteración esquelética con heterogeneidad clínica, caracterizada por dismorfias craneofaciales, que incluyen prominencia frontal e hipoplasia medio facial, tronco corto con cifoescoliosis progresiva y acortamiento de las extremidades. El gen TRPV4 se localiza en 12q24.11; codifica a un canal de catión con permeabilidad no selectiva al calcio, el cual se expresa y participa en muchos procesos fisiológicos en respuesta a diversos estímulos. Más de 50 mutaciones en TRPV4 han sido descritas. Se presenta el caso de una niña de 7 meses de edad con mutación heterocigota c.1811_1812delinsAT; p.I604N en el intrón 11 no informada previamente en el gen TRPV4 y con hallazgos clínicos compatibles con displasia metatrópica.(AU)

16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(1): e10-e13, ene. 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-134178

RESUMO

La displasia metatrópica es una alteración esquelética con heterogeneidad clínica, caracterizada por dismorfias craneofaciales, que incluyen prominencia frontal e hipoplasia medio facial, tronco corto con cifoescoliosis progresiva y acortamiento de las extremidades. El gen TRPV4 se localiza en 12q24.11; codifica a un canal de catión con permeabilidad no selectiva al calcio, el cual se expresa y participa en muchos procesos fisiológicos en respuesta a diversos estímulos. Más de 50 mutaciones en TRPV4 han sido descritas. Se presenta el caso de una niña de 7 meses de edad con mutación heterocigota c.1811_1812delinsAT; p.I604N en el intrón 11 no informada previamente en el gen TRPV4 y con hallazgos clínicos compatibles con displasia metatrópica.(AU)

18.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 113(1): e10-3, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-133777

RESUMO

Metatropic dysplasia is a skeletal disorder with clinical heterogeneity, characterized by craniofacial dysmorphy including frontal bossing and midface hypoplasia, short trunk,progressive kyphoscoliosis and shortened limbs. The TRPV4 gene is located on 12q24.11, coding a cation channel with nonselective permeability to calcium; it is expressed and involved in many physiological processes through responses to different stimuli. Over 50 mutations in TRPV4 have been described. We present a seven months old girl with heterozygous mutation c.1811_1812delinsAT; p.I604N in intron 11 not previously reported in the TRPV4 gene and with clinical findings compatible with metatropic dysplasia.

19.
Rev. obstet. ginecol. Venezuela ; 74(3): 210-216, sep. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-740395

RESUMO

Presentamos paciente de 33 años, II gesta, I aborto, con enfermedad de Gaucher tipo I, diagnosticado hace 28 años. Recibió terapia de reemplazo enzimático. A las 38 semanas de gestación se realizó cesárea obteniendo recién nacido femenino. En el Instituto de Investigaciones Genéticas de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo. Se analizaron 6 muestras de ácido desoxirribonucleico, correspondientes a afectada, hija y madre de afectada y 3 controles. En esta paciente no hubo complicaciones durante el embarazo, la recién nacida no presentó defectos congénitos, puerperio complicado con anemia y trombocitopenia. La asignación de genotipos permitió adecuado asesoramiento genético.


We present a 33 year-old female. Gravida II, abortion I, with type I Gaucher disease diagnosed 28 years before, receiving treatment with enzyme replacement therapy during pregnancy. At 38 weeks gestation a female infant was delivered by cesarean section. In Genetic Research Institute of the Faculty of Medicine. University of Zulia. Maracaibo. 6 samples of desoxyribonucleic acid corresponding to affected, daughter and mother of affected, and 3 controls were analyzed. In this pacient there was no complications during pregnancy, there were no malformations at birth, post partum with anemia and thrombocytopenia. The assignment of genotypes allowing adequate genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Anormalidades Congênitas , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , DNA , Doença de Gaucher/diagnóstico , Doença de Gaucher , Glucosilceramidase/deficiência , Patologia Molecular , Trombocitopenia , Técnicas de Genotipagem/instrumentação , Terapia de Reposição de Enzimas , Genótipo , Complicações na Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
20.
Pediátr. Panamá ; 43(1): 18-22, Abril 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-848817

RESUMO

El síndrome de Down es una entidad clínica-genética que se asocia frecuentemente con cardiopatías congénitas entre 40-60% y corresponde un aspecto importante en su evolución. Objetivo: Describir los diferentes tipos de alteraciones cardiacas presentes en los pacientes con síndrome de Down, evaluados en la Unidad de Genética Médica de la Universidad de Los Andes y compararla con estudios similares. Pacientes y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo desde enero de 2009 a diciembre de 2012 en 100 pacientes con síndrome de Down con estudio citogenético y de ecocardiografía. Resultados: Las cardiopatías congénitas se presentaron en 63% de los pacientes. La comunicación interventricular fue la lesión simple aislada más frecuente con 14 casos y la alteración cardiaca compleja aislada más frecuente fue el canal auriculoventricular completo en cuatro casos. Conclusiones: Las malformaciones cardíacas congénitas se presentan en una frecuencia importante en la población con síndrome de Down, los diversos tipos varían en diferentes etnias y en períodos diferentes en el mismo país. Se debe enfatizar la realización del diagnóstico precoz para evitar las complicaciones que se pueden exhibir de forma más rápida y graves en los individuos con esta entidad genética.


Down syndrome is a clinical-genetic entity that is often associated with congenital heart disease between 40-60% and has an important aspect in its evolution. Objective: Describe the different types of cardiac alterations present in patients with Down syndrome, evaluated at the Medical Genetics Unit of the University of Los Andes and compared with similar studies. Patients and methods: A descriptive and observational study was conducted from January 2009 to December 2012 with 100 patients with Down syndrome with cytogenetics study and echocardiography. Results: Congenital heart disease occurred in 63% of patients. The ventricular septal defect was the most frequent isolated single lesion with 14 cases and the complex cardiac dysfunction was the most frequent isolated complete atrioventricular canal in four cases. Conclusions: Congenital heart defects are present in a significant frequency in the population with Down syndrome, various types vary in different ethnic groups and in di erent periods in the same country. It should be emphasized the realization of early diagnosis to prevent complications that can be displayed in a more rapid and severe in individuals with this genetic entity.

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