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1.
Trials ; 22(1): 794, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different approaches have been used by dentists to base their decision. Among them, there are the aesthetical issues that may lead to more interventionist approaches. Indeed, using a more interventionist strategy (the World Dental Federation - FDI), more replacements tend to be indicated than using a minimally invasive one (based on the Caries Around Restorations and Sealants-CARS). Since the resources related to the long-term health effects of these strategies have not been explored, the economic impact of using the less-invasive strategy is still uncertain. Thus, this health economic analysis plan aims to describe methodologic approaches for conducting a trial-based economic evaluation that aims to assess whether a minimally invasive strategy is more efficient in allocating resources than the conventional strategy for managing restorations in primary teeth and extrapolating these findings to a longer time horizon. METHODS: A trial-based economic evaluation will be conducted, including three cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) and one cost-utility analysis (CUA). These analyses will be based on the main trial (CARDEC-03/ NCT03520309 ), in which children aged 3 to 10 were included and randomized to one of the diagnostic strategies (based on FDI or CARS). An examiner will assess children's restorations using the randomized strategy, and treatment will be recommended according to the same criteria. The time horizon for this study is 2 years, and we will adopt the societal perspective. The average costs per child for 24 months will be calculated. Three different cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) will be performed. For CEAs, the effects will be the number of operative interventions (primary CEA analysis), the time to these new interventions, the percentage of patients who did not need new interventions in the follow-up, and changes in children's oral health-related quality of life (secondary analyses). For CUA, the effect will be tooth-related quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Intention-to-treat analyses will be conducted. Finally, we will assess the difference when using the minimally invasive strategy for each health effect (∆effect) compared to the conventional strategy (based on FDI) as the reference strategy. The same will be calculated for related costs (∆cost). The discount rate of 5% will be applied for costs and effects. We will perform deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses to handle uncertainties. The net benefit will be calculated, and acceptability curves plotted using different willingness-to-pay thresholds. Using Markov models, a longer-term economic evaluation will be carried out with trial results extrapolated over a primary tooth lifetime horizon. DISCUSSION: The main trial is ongoing, and data collection is still not finished. Therefore, economic evaluation has not commenced. We hypothesize that conventional strategy will be associated with more need for replacements of restorations in primary molars. These replacements may lead to more reinterventions, leading to higher costs after 2 years. The health effects will be a crucial aspect to take into account when deciding whether the minimally invasive strategy will be more efficient in allocating resources than the conventional strategy when considering the management of restorations in primary teeth. Finally, patients/parents preferences and consequent utility values may also influence this final conclusion about the economic aspects of implementing the minimally invasive approach for managing restorations in clinical practice. Therefore, these trial-based economic evaluations may bring actual evidence of the economic impact of such interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03520309 . Registered May 9, 2018. Economic evaluations (the focus of this plan) are not initiated at the moment.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Dente Decíduo , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Dente Molar , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
2.
Aust Dent J ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are potential barriers to using the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) approach in conventional dental offices, as many professionals assume that it is only used for field conditions. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the survival data of ART restorations in permanent and primary teeth when performed in and out of the conventional environment. METHODS: Searches were performed on PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Open Grey databases up to April 2020. Studies that evaluated ART restorations were prospective and had survival rate data were included. The risk of bias was evaluated by Rob 2.0 and ROBINS-I tools. Meta-analyses were carried out considering as outcome the survival rate of primary and permanent teeth. Subgroups analysis was performed for setting and type of cavity (occlusal or multi-surface). RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. For primary teeth, in general, the overall percentage of survival rate was not influenced by setting, ranging up to 71% in 12 months to 65% in 36 months. Similarly, for permanent teeth, the overall percentage of survival rate was not influenced by setting, ranging up to 96% in 12 months to 61% in 36 months. CONCLUSION: ART is a feasible approach for field settings as well as conventional dental offices. PROSPERO: CRD42020184680.

3.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 371, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glass ionomer cements (GIC) have been considered the top option to restore primary teeth by dentists. The most common supply forms are hand mixed and encapsulated GIC. There is a lack of information about the impact of different GIC supply forms on restoration survival. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial compared the survival rate of occlusal and occlusoproximal restorations in primary molars using two glass ionomer cements versions: hand-mixed (H/M) and encapsulated (ENC) after 24 months. Children aged 3-10 years who presented dentin caries lesions in primary molars were selected at School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Brazil. They were randomly assigned to groups: H /M (Fuji IX®, GC Europe) or ENC (Equia Fill®, GC Europe). The occurrence of restoration failure was evaluated by two blinded and calibrated examiners. The analyses were performed in Stata 13 (StataCorp, USA). To evaluate the primary outcome (restoration survival), we  performed a survival analysis. Additionally an intention to treat (ITT) analysis were done at 24 months of follow-up. Cox Regression with shared frailty was performed to assess association between restoration failure and independent variables (α = 5%). RESULTS: A total of 324 restorations were performed in 145 children. The survival for H/M group was 58.2% and 60.1% for ENC, with no difference (p = 0.738). Occlusoproximal restorations had lower survival rate when compared to occlusal ones (HR = 3.83; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate in primary molars is not influenced by the different supply forms of GIC. Also, occlusoproximal restorations present reduced performances when compared to occlusal cavities. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This randomized clinical trial was registered on ClinicalTrials.Gov on 10/15/2014 under protocol (NCT02274142).


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Cárie Dentária , Brasil , Criança , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Europa (Continente) , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Dente Molar , Taxa de Sobrevida , Dente Decíduo
4.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-8, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the best available approach to avoid initial caries lesions progression in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search was performed in MEDLINE/Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase and CENTRAL databases until March 2021. Studies compared treatment options to avoid the initial caries lesion progression with at least 12 months of follow-up were included. Network meta-analyses were conducted considering the non-progression of caries lesions as an outcome. RESULTS: Potentially eligible studies were screened (n = 2820) and eleven were included. Six studies evaluated the use of fluoride varnish, resin infiltration, sealing, and toothbrushing/flossing on proximal initial caries lesions. When considering occlusal surfaces, only two studies evaluating the ozone gas, fluoride varnish, resin infiltration, and sealants were included. For buccal/lingual surfaces, three studies evaluating toothbrushing, CPP-ACP paste, fluoride varnish, and resin infiltration were included. For all types of surfaces, the resin infiltration showed the best probability to avoid the progression of initial caries lesions. CONCLUSION: The limited number of included studies, most with a high risk of bias and lack of hard outcomes, such as frank cavitation, makes it not feasible to recommend a specific management approach for initial caries lesion control in primary teeth with a high certainty of evidence. PROSPERO: #CRD42016037781.

5.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 255, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the clinical parameters' predictive power related to caries lesion associated with their progression. This study assessed the predictive validity and proposed simplified models to predict short-term caries progression using clinical parameters related to caries lesion activity status. METHODS: The occlusal surfaces of primary molars, presenting no frank cavitation, were examined according to the following clinical predictors: colour, luster, cavitation, texture, and clinical depth. After one year, children were re-evaluated using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System to assess caries lesion progression. Progression was set as the outcome to be predicted. Univariate multilevel Poisson models were fitted to test each of the independent variables (clinical features) as predictors of short-term caries progression. The multimodel inference was made based on the Akaike Information Criteria and C statistic. Afterwards, plausible interactions among some of the variables were tested in the models to evaluate the benefit of combining these variables when assessing caries lesions. RESULTS: 205 children (750 surfaces) presented no frank cavitations at the baseline. After one year, 147 children were reassessed (70%). Finally, 128 children (733 surfaces) presented complete baseline data and had included primary teeth to be reassessed. Approximately 9% of the reassessed surfaces showed caries progression. Among the univariate models created with each one of these variables, the model containing the surface integrity as a predictor had the lowest AIC (364.5). Univariate predictive models tended to present better goodness-of-fit (AICs < 388) and discrimination (C:0.959-0.966) than those combining parameters (AIC:365-393, C:0.958-0.961). When only non-cavitated surfaces were considered, roughness compounded the model that better predicted the lesions' progression (AIC = 217.7, C:0.91). CONCLUSIONS: Univariate model fitted considering the presence of cavitation show the best predictive goodness-of-fit and discrimination. For non-cavitated lesions, the simplest way to predict those lesions that tend to progress is by assessing enamel roughness. In general, the evaluation of other conjoint parameters seems unnecessary for all non-frankly cavitated lesions.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Testes de Atividade de Cárie Dentária , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
6.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(3): 216-224, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the performance of different methods for detecting carious lesions in permanent and primary teeth, considering all types of tooth surface. METHODS: Two reviewers searched PubMed, Embase, Scopus and other sources up to November 2020 to identify published and nonpublished studies in English. We focused on three caries detection methods: visual inspection (VI), radiographic (RX) and fluorescence-based (LF). We included studies investigating at least one of these methods which (a) assessed the accuracy of the method in detecting caries lesions; (b) considered occlusal, proximal or free smooth surfaces in primary or permanent teeth; (c) used a reference standard other than one of the three methods; and (d) reported data on sample size and accuracy. Multilevel analyses, meta-regressions and comparisons of bivariate summary receiver operating characteristics curves were undertaken. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty manuscripts from 14 129 articles initially identified met the inclusion criteria. VI was better than RX on occlusal surfaces at all caries lesion thresholds and proximal surfaces of permanent teeth only at all lesion thresholds in laboratory setting. LF was slightly better than VI for advanced lesions on occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth in the clinical setting and for all lesions on proximal surfaces of permanent teeth in the laboratory setting. Still, LF was worse than VI for advanced occlusal lesions in permanent teeth in the laboratory setting. Although LF showed slightly better performance than VI with advanced lesions, the latter had significantly higher specificity than other methods in all settings. CONCLUSION: Visual caries detection alone is adequate for most patients in daily clinical practice regardless of tooth type or surface.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Dente Decíduo
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 317, 2020 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The assessment of restored teeth in dentistry remains a challenge, mainly related to the detection of caries around restorations. There is a diversity of clinical criteria available to assess the caries lesions, resulting in differences in the dentists' diagnosis and treatment decisions. In addition, there is a lack of evidence regarding the best criteria to detect caries lesions around the restorations. Thus, the present protocol aims to evaluate the effect of using 2 visual criteria to assess restored teeth on the outcomes related to oral health in adults. METHODS: The design protocol of the Caries Cognition and Identification in Adults trial correspond to a triple-blind randomized, controlled clinical trial with parallel-groups. Two groups will be compared: patients who will receive the diagnosis and treatment decision according to FDI (World Dental Federation) criteria-FDI group; and patients who will receive diagnosis and treatment decision according to the "Caries Associated with Restorations or Sealants" criteria defined by the International Caries Classification and Management System (ICCMS group). The participants will be followed up after 6, 12, 18, 24, and 60 months, and the restoration failure will be the primary outcome. The analysis will be conducted through Cox regression with shared frailty. The impact of oral health on quality of life and the cost-effectiveness of the methods used will be the secondary outcomes. Two-tailed analyzes will be used, considering a level of significance of 5%. DISCUSSION: This is the first clinical trial to assess the effect of using two visual methods to detect caries lesions around restorations on the outcomes related to oral health in adults. The findings of this study will define what is the best diagnostic strategy for the assessment of caries around restorations in permanent teeth. Trial registration NCT03108586 (registered 11 April 2017).


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Cognição , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 34 Suppl 2: e076, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785484

RESUMO

Economic evaluations in Dentistry have been increasing in recent years. They are a relevant contribution if an economic issue exists. Knowing if a new intervention is an efficient way of allocating available (and scarce) resources (the concept of opportunity costs), a well-designed economic evaluation may be helpful. One option is to conduct a trial-based economic analysis, which extracts a considerable board of information from a trial. This approach produces a more controlled result since many sources of variations might be reduced. On the other hand, some aspects could not be predicted directly from the trial or even extrapolated. Thus, combining model-based analysis may be an idea. In this paper, we intended to discuss important aspects to be considered by researchers in further economic evaluations. This paper will be systematically divided into sessions related to the study design as time horizon and perspective, health effects, costs, and data analysis. In the end, we expect the reader could be able to plan a trial-based economic evaluation, which should be a careful, meticulous, quite laborious and especially transparent process.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Análise Custo-Benefício
9.
J Dent ; 101: 103446, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 2-year survival rate and the cost-effectiveness of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) using three different glass ionomer cements (GICs) for restoring occlusal dentin caries lesions in primary molars. METHODS: One hundred and fifty (150) 4-8-year-old children were selected, randomly allocated and treated in school tables according to the restorative material: Fuji IX Gold Label (GC Corp), Vitro Molar (nova DFL) and Maxxion R (FGM), the latter two being low-cost brands. Materials and professionals' costs were considered to analyse baseline total cost, and from this the cumulative cost of each treatment was calculated. Restoration assessments were performed after 2, 6, 12 and 24 months by an independent calibrated examiner. Restoration survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression was used to test association with clinical factors. Bootstrap regression (1,000 replications) compared material´s cost over time and Monte-Carlo simulation was used to build cost-effectiveness scatter plots. RESULTS: The overall survival rate of occlusal ART restorations after 2 years was 53% (Fuji IX = 72.7%; Vitro Molar = 46.5%; Maxxion R = 39.6%). Restorations performed with Vitro Molar and Maxxion R were more likely to fail when compared to Fuji IX. At baseline, Fuji IX was the more expensive option (p < 0.001), however, considering the simulation of accumulated cost caused by failures until 2-year evaluation, no difference was found between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: After 2 years' follow up, restorations performed with Fuji IX proved to be superior in terms of survival, with a similar overall cost, when compared to low-cost glass ionomers cements (Vitro Molar and Maxxion R).


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Custos e Análise de Custo , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Humanos , Dente Molar , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
J Dent ; 101: 103421, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study is nested in a randomized clinical trial. It was designed to evaluate the influence of using two different clinical criteria to assess caries lesion around restorations on the decision to replace restorations in primary posterior teeth. Variables that might influence this decision were also considered. METHODS: One trained and calibrated examiner assessed 550 restorations of 160 children (3-10 years old). Children were randomized to have their restorations evaluated and subsequently treated according to World Dental Federation (FDI) or Caries Associated with Restorations and Sealants (CARS) criteria. After reaching the treatment decision, the same examiner performed another evaluation using the other criteria. Spearman's correlation coefficients and 95 % confidence intervals (95 %CI) between the scores obtained with both criteria and respective treatment decisions were calculated. Poisson multilevel regression analysis were performed between the exploratory variables related to children, restored tooth and restoration assessment; the outcome variables were decisions related to restoration replacement, any operative intervention and presence of secondary caries. RESULTS: The strongest correlation observed between the methods was for recurrence of caries. A total of 94 restorations (17.1 %) were indicated for replacement with FDI criteria and 30 (5.5 %) were indicated for replacement with CARS. Besides the diagnostic method used, number of decayed teeth and restorations with two and three restored surfaces were associated with the decision of replacement and presence of recurrent caries lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The decision to replace posterior restorations in primary teeth is influenced by the criteria used for the restorations assessment and also by the children's caries experience and multisurface restorations. The restoration material did not influence the decision of restorations replacement. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The decision to replace posterior restoration in primary teeth is strongly related to the evaluation method and not only by patients' risk factors.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resinas Compostas , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Materiais Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
11.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234122, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559191

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess changes in epidemiological estimates and treatment needed when initial caries lesions are included in a population-based survey of preschool children. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a Brazilian municipality, collecting data of preschool children in 16 health centers. Caries detection used the merged codes (epi-codes) for ICDAS/ICCMS. An option for treatment, according to ICCMS, was chosen during the examination. Caries experience (dmft/dmfs) and prevalence were estimated considering three thresholds (A- initial, moderate, and severe lesions, B- only moderate and severe lesions and C- severe lesions). Incremental need for non-operative care was also verified. The sample consisted of 663 children aged 2-4 years (response rate of 99.85%). Including initial lesions, a 2-fold increase in dmft was observed (A: 3.36, B: 1.02, p<0.001). With the inclusion, the caries prevalence increased to 75% compared to threshold B only (28%). The majority (76%) of children who required any intervention (56%) should be scheduled for non-operative care. We suggest that including initial caries lesions in an epidemiological survey may significantly impact assessment of population caries experience.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/patologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
JMIR Med Educ ; 6(1): e14140, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the last decade, 3D virtual models have been used for educational purposes in the health sciences, specifically for teaching human anatomy and pathology. These models provide an opportunity to didactically visualize key spatial relations that can be poorly understood when taught by traditional educational approaches. Caries lesion detection is a crucial process in dentistry that has been reported to be difficult to learn. One especially difficult aspect is linking clinical characteristics of the different severity stages with their histological features, which is fundamental for treatment decision-making. OBJECTIVE: This project was designed to develop a virtual 3D digital model of caries lesion formation and progression to aid the detection of lesions at different severity stages as a potential complement to traditional lectures. METHODS: Pedagogical planning, including identification of objectives, exploration of the degree of difficulty of caries diagnosis-associated topics perceived by dental students and lecturers, review of the literature regarding key concepts, and consultation of experts, was performed prior to constructing the model. An educational script strategy was created based on the topics to be addressed (dental tissues, biofilm stagnation areas, the demineralization process, caries lesion progression on occlusal surfaces, clinical characteristics related to different stages of caries progression, and histological correlations). Virtual 3D models were developed using the Virtual Man Project and refined using multiple 3D software applications. In the next phase, computer graphic modelling and previsualization were executed. After that, the video was revised and edited based on suggestions. Finally, explanatory subtitles were generated, the models were textured and rendered, and voiceovers in 3 languages were implemented. RESULTS: We developed a 6-minute virtual 3D dynamic video in 3 languages (English, Spanish, and Brazilian Portuguese) intended for dentists and dental students to support teaching and learning of caries lesion detection. The videos were made available on YouTube; to date, they have received more than 100,000 views. CONCLUSIONS: Complementary pedagogical tools are valuable to support cariology education. This tool will be further tested in terms of utility and usability as well as user satisfaction in achieving the proposed objectives in specific contexts.

13.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(1): e106-e116, ene. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a potentially malignant disorder of the lip, characterized by epithelial and connective tissue alterations caused by chronic exposure to ultraviolet radiation. In the past decades, diverse studies have been conducted in lip carcinogenesis and many biomarkers have been identified in lip lesions, yet there is no scientific evidence that determines its usefulness in the clinical setting or in histopathological routine. Therefore, we conducted the first systematic review in this field to summarize the results of published studies on immunohistochemical biomarkers in lip carcinogenesis, to evaluate if there is a marker than can distinguish the different histological grades of AC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective studies that investigated immunohistochemical biomarkers in AC defined on standardised histological assessment were gathered from five databases and evaluated. Each study was quali-tatively evaluated using the Critical Appraisal Tools from SUMARI. RESULTS: The proliferation marker Ki-67 was the most studied biomarker and we observed, through meta-analysis, that it was differently expressed between AC and lip cancer, but not in AC subgroups. Most articles had a high risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the literature lacks quality follow up studies in actinic cheilitis. Multi-centre cohort studies, with patients stratified by treatment type and the use of image analysis software, could be the solution to further address the issues of investigating potentially malignant lesions and help change clinical practice, in terms of individualizing patients' treatment and prognosis prediction


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Queilite/patologia , Carcinogênese/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias Labiais/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Fatores de Risco
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34(supl.2): e076, 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132732

RESUMO

Abstract Economic evaluations in Dentistry have been increasing in recent years. They are a relevant contribution if an economic issue exists. Knowing if a new intervention is an efficient way of allocating available (and scarce) resources (the concept of opportunity costs), a well-designed economic evaluation may be helpful. One option is to conduct a trial-based economic analysis, which extracts a considerable board of information from a trial. This approach produces a more controlled result since many sources of variations might be reduced. On the other hand, some aspects could not be predicted directly from the trial or even extrapolated. Thus, combining model-based analysis may be an idea. In this paper, we intended to discuss important aspects to be considered by researchers in further economic evaluations. This paper will be systematically divided into sessions related to the study design as time horizon and perspective, health effects, costs, and data analysis. In the end, we expect the reader could be able to plan a trial-based economic evaluation, which should be a careful, meticulous, quite laborious and especially transparent process.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Análise Custo-Benefício
15.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1101281

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To assess the reproducibility of two clinical criteria for the evaluation of restorations in primary teeth and the impact on treatment decision. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed selecting 71 resin-based composite restorations placed in primary molars of children who had sought dental treatment at a dental school. Two trained examiners evaluated independently the restorations using modified FDI and USPHS criteria. All restorations were assessed separately with each system in random order to avoid memory bias. Kappa statistics were used to determine inter-examiner reliability considering each parameter of both criteria and score final about treatment decision. McNemar test was used to compare the treatment decision with two criteria. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: Kappa values ranged from 0.28 to 0.93 with USPHS and 0.28 to 0.88 with FDI, considering each parameter separately. Inter-examiner agreement for treatment decision was excellent for both criteria (Kappa: 0.85-0.90). For clinical decision-making, no difference between criteria was found, irrespective of examiner. Conclusion: Low inter-examiner agreement for evaluation of each parameter of USPHS and FDI criteria does not reflect on reproducibility for treatment decision. Both criteria may be suitable for evaluation of composite restorations in primary teeth.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Dente Decíduo , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Dente Molar , Faculdades de Odontologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico
16.
F1000Res ; 9: 650, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33520191

RESUMO

Introduction: The detection of caries lesions around restoration can be challenging. Therefore, the use of some criteria has been proposed in order to give more objectivity to the diagnosis process. Two of them are the International Dental Federation (FDI) and the Caries Associated with Restorations and Sealants (CARS) criteria. Both methods have a different approach to caries, and it is not possible to know which one of them is the best to use in clinical practice to assess restorations in children. Thus, the present protocol aims to evaluate the effect of the use of the FDI and CARS criteria in the assessment of caries lesions around restorations in primary teeth on outcomes related to oral health in children and costs resulting from the assessments. Methods and analysis: A total of 626 restorations of children from three to 10 years were randomly assessed and are being treated following the FDI criteria (FDI group) or CARS criteria (CARS group). Participants will be followed-up after six, 12, 18, and 24 months. The primary outcome will be the need for a new intervention in the evaluated restorations. This outcome consists of several components, and each of these events will be analyzed separately as secondary outcomes. The changes in children's oral health-related quality of life and the cost of the restoration dental treatments will also be analyzed as secondary outcomes. The methods will be compared using the Cox regression model with shared frailty. A significance level of 5% will be adopted for all statistical analyses. Discussion: This will be the first randomized clinical study carried out regarding the detection of caries lesions around restorations in primary teeth. Trial registration: The study underwent registration in Clinicaltrials.gov ( NCT03520309) on 9 May 2018.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dente Decíduo , Criança , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 245, 2019 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smoking is a major risk factor for periodontitis and tooth loss. Smoking cessation has a positive impact in periodontal treatment. However, so far, no systematic review has evaluated the effect of smoking cessation on tooth loss. Therefore, this review aimed to evaluate if smoking cessation reduces the risk of tooth loss. METHODS: Observational (cross-sectional and longitudinal) studies that investigated the association between smoking cessation and tooth loss were included. MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS databases were searched for articles published up to November 2018. Pooled results for subgroups of current and former smokers were compared in meta-analysis. Meta-regression was used to test the influence of smoking status on estimates and explore the heterogeneity. RESULTS: Of 230 potentially relevant publications, 21 studies were included in the qualitative review and 12 in the quantitative analysis. Meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies did not show any differences between former and current smokers in the chance of losing 1 or more teeth (OR = 1.00; 95% CI = 0.80 to 1.24, I2 = 80%), losing more than 8 teeth (OR = 1.02; 95% CI = 0.78 to 1.32, I2 = 0%) or being edentulous (OR = 1.37; 95% CI = 0.94 to 1.99, I2 = 98%). Meta-analysis from longitudinal studies showed that, when compared to never smokers, former smokers presented no increased risk of tooth loss (RR = 1.15; 95% CI = 0.98 to 1.35, I2 = 76%), while current smokers presented an increased risk of tooth loss (RR = 2.60; 95% CI = 2.29 to 2.96, I2 = 61%). Meta-regression showed that, among former smokers, the time of cessation was the variable that better explained heterogeneity (approximately 60%). CONCLUSIONS: Risk for tooth loss in former smokers is comparable to that of never smokers. Moreover, former smokers have a reduced risk of tooth loss, when compared to current smokers.


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Perda de Dente/etiologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Fatores de Risco
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 184, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of population-based surveys on oral health conditions in Ecuador. Thus, the aim of this study was to conduct an epidemiological survey with a representative sample of children aged 12 years from public schools of Quito, Ecuador. The aim of this initial report was to describe the methodology used in the survey, as well to present results regarding calibration procedures and prevalence of oral-health related outcomes. METHODS: We invited 33 public schools' coordinators from the urban area of Quito, and 1100 children (12 years old) to take part in this study. Six trained and calibrated examiners conducted clinical examinations using oral mirrors and ball-ended probes to assess: dental caries, traumatic dental injuries, malocclusion, gingival bleeding, presence of calculus and fluorosis. Children also responded a questionnaire on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). Individual sociodemographic data was collected through a questionnaire sent to parents. Moreover, some contextual data on school environment (infrastructure conditions, promotion of health practices and negative episodes) were also evaluated. Prevalence values, crude and weighted by sampling weights, and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Nine hundred and ninety-eight children from 31 schools were examined from March to May 2017. The adjusted prevalence values (95%CI) for the six outcomes evaluated were: dental caries = 60.3% (55.3 to 65.0%); traumatic dental injuries = 20.7% (17.2 to 24.8%); dental fluorosis = 63.7% (58.5 to 68.5%); gingival bleeding = 92.0% (87.1 to 95.2%); presence of calculus = 69.9 (60.5 to 77.9%); and malocclusion = 25.8% (21.8 to 30.3%). Adjusted mean of number of decayed, missed or filled permanent teeth (DMF-T) was 1.61 (1.37 to 1.84). Results on OHRQoL and other contextual variables will be reported in other articles. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of the majority of oral health problems in 12-year-old children from public schools in Quito-Ecuador was compatible with those observed in other similar cities. However, periodontal health and fluorosis seem to be highly prevalent in children from Quito.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Equador/epidemiologia , Humanos , População , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 47(2): 142-152, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30506750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the severity of dental caries in South American Indigenous peoples. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted regarding the severity of dental caries in South American Indigenous peoples using the following electronic databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, SCOPUS, SciELO, LILACS and grey literature up to March 2018. Literature search was conducted up to March 2018. No restrictions on language or year of publication were applied. Descriptive analysis and meta-analysis of studies were performed to determine mean dmft/DMFT index (decayed, missing and filled teeth) and temporal trends for selected age brackets. RESULTS: The search strategy retrieved 698 studies, of which 70 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility and 28 were included in the qualitative analysis. Finally, 18 papers were included in the meta-analysis. Publication year ranged from 1964 to 2018. Mean dmft for 5-year-old children was 5.73 (95% CI 4.67-6.79), and mean DMFT for 12-year-olds was 3.14 (95% CI 1.88-4.40). Estimated DMFT for 15-19 years, 35-44 years and 65-74 years was 5.53 (95% CI 2.97-8.09), 19.41 (95% CI 11.88-26.93) and 28.19 (24.83-31.55), respectively. DMFT was higher than that reported in general population surveys in Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Venezuela for all age brackets with available data. Heterogeneity was observed in all age brackets, ranging from 79.7 to 99.7%. CONCLUSION: Dental caries remains a significant public health problem for South American Indigenous peoples. Prevention and treatment strategies that consider cultural specificities are needed.


Assuntos
Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária , Grupos Populacionais , Assistência Odontológica , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , América do Sul/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0208437, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30521577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of studies evaluating patient reported outcome measures (PROs), there is no clearness regarding which restorative treatment offers major benefits based on the pediatric patient perspective. AIM: To compare different restorative techniques in pediatric dentistry regarding patient-reported outcomes. DESIGN: Literature searching was carried out on prospective studies indexed in PubMed, Scopus and OpenGrey. A Mixed Treatment Comparisons (MTC) meta-analysis was undertaken considering the results from reviewed studies. Anxiety, pain and quality of life were extracted as mean with standard deviation, percentage of pain, and mean difference of scores with standard deviation, respectively. For direct comparisons, data were combined using a random-effect model. Heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 statistic. For indirect comparisons, fixed and random effects were chosen through comparison of competing models based on the Deviance Information Criteria (DIC). The expected efficacy ranking based on the posterior probabilities of all treatment rankings was also calculated. RESULTS: An initial search resulted in 4,322 articles, of which 17 were finally selected. Due to unavailability of data, only pain, anxiety and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) were statistically analyzed. The difference in means (95% CI) of anxiety between treatments using only hand instruments with or without chemomechanical agents were -5.35 (-6.42 to -4.20) and -5.79 (-7.77 to -3.79) respectively when compared to conventional treatment using rotary instruments and/or local anesthesia. Regarding pain, there was a trend for treatments without rotary instruments and local anesthesia to be less frequently reported as painful. No statistical difference was found intragroup nor among treatments for OHRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety and pain are directly related with more invasive restorative treatments. On the other hand, quality of life is not improved regardless of the restorative technique used. Further well-designed prospective studies regarding PROs in children are still necessary.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Dor/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Criança , Assistência Odontológica/instrumentação , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/instrumentação , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Dor/etiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida
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