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1.
Oncotarget ; 8(4): 6994-7002, 2017 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28052002

RESUMO

Cardiotoxicity is associated with the chronic use of doxorubicin leading to cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Identification of cardiotoxicity-specific miRNA biomarkers could provide clinicians with a valuable prognostic tool. The aim of the study was to evaluate circulating levels of miRNAs in breast cancer patients receiving doxorubicin treatment and to correlate with cardiac function. This is an ancillary study from "Carvedilol Effect on Chemotherapy-induced Cardiotoxicity" (CECCY trial), which included 56 female patients (49.9±3.3 years of age) from the placebo arm. Enrolled patients were treated with doxorubicin followed by taxanes. cTnI, LVEF, and miRNAs were measured periodically. Circulating levels of miR-1, -133b, -146a, and -423-5p increased during the treatment whereas miR-208a and -208b were undetectable. cTnI increased from 6.6±0.3 to 46.7±5.5 pg/mL (p<0.001), while overall LVEF tended to decrease from 65.3±0.5 to 63.8±0.9 (p=0.053) over 12 months. Ten patients (17.9%) developed cardiotoxicity showing a decrease in LVEF from 67.2±1.0 to 58.8±2.7 (p=0.005). miR-1 was associated with changes in LVEF (r=-0.531, p<0.001). In a ROC curve analysis miR-1 showed an AUC greater than cTnI to discriminate between patients who did and did not develop cardiotoxicity (AUC = 0.851 and 0.544, p= 0.0016). Our data suggest that circulating miR-1 might be a potential new biomarker of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/genética , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , MicroRNAs/sangue , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Carbazóis , Cardiotoxicidade/sangue , Cardiotoxicidade/fisiopatologia , Carvedilol , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Propanolaminas , Curva ROC , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Troponina C/metabolismo , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
J Clin Nurs ; 19(3-4): 440-6, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20500284

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical profile of patients included in a clinical trial of autologous bone marrow cells as an adjunctive therapy to coronary artery bypass grafting with that of patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass grafting. BACKGROUND: The therapeutic potential of autologous bone marrow cells has been explored in the treatment of severe coronary artery disease. There are few data regarding the clinical and socio-economic profile of patients included in clinical trials using bone marrow cell. DESIGN: Case-control study. METHOD: Sixty-seven patients (61 SD 9) years, 82% men) with multivessel coronary artery disease were divided into two groups: patients in the bone marrow cell group (n = 34) underwent incomplete coronary artery bypass grafting + intramyocardial injection of autologous bone marrow cells (lymphomonocytic fraction -2.0 (SD 0.2 x 10(8)) cells/patient) in the ischaemic, non-revascularised myocardium, whereas patients in the coronary artery bypass grafting group (n = 33) underwent routine bypass surgery. Demographics, socio-economic status, clinical and echocardiographic data were collected. Statistical analysis included the Fisher's exact test (categorical variables) and the Student's t-test (continuous variables). RESULTS: There were no significant differences between groups regarding age, gender, BMI, heart rate, blood pressure and echo data. There was a greater prevalence of obesity (65 vs. 33%; OR = 3.7 [1.3-10.1]), of previous myocardial infarction (68 vs. 39%; OR = 3.2 [1.2-8.8]) and prior revascularisation procedures (59 vs. 24%; OR = 4.5 [1.6-12.7]) in the autologous bone marrow cells group and of smokers in the coronary artery bypass grafting group (51 vs. 23%; OR = 3.5 [1.2-10.4]). CONCLUSIONS: Patients included in this clinical trial of autologous bone marrow cells for severe coronary artery disease presented a greater prevalence of myocardial revascularisation procedures, indicating a more severe clinical presentation of the disease. Fewer smokers in this group could be attributable to life style changes after previous cardiovascular events and/or interventions. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The knowledge of the clinical profile of patients included in cell therapy trials may help researchers in the identification of patients that may be enroled in future clinical trials of this new therapeutic strategy.


Assuntos
Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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