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1.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(4): 309-317, out.-dez. 2019. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023941

RESUMO

As neoplasias cardíacas são divididas em primárias e secundárias. As secundárias são 20 a 40 vezes mais comuns do que as primárias. Embora raras, as neoplasias cardíacas primárias podem ser benignas e malignas, sendo as benignas responsáveis por 75% dos casos. Os principais objetivos da imagem cardiovascular são definir a morfologia e etiologia do tumor, identificar potenciais complicações e auxiliar na definição de tratamento. Para o diagnóstico de neoplasias cardíacas, a tomografia por emissão de pósitrons acoplada à tomografia computadorizada (PET-TC) com a fluordesoxiglicose-F18 (18F-FDG) é uma técnica ainda pouco utilizada, principalmente nos tumores cardíacos primários. Entretanto, ela pode ajudar na diferenciação entre tumores malignos e benignos e, assim, evitar biópsias cardíacas e tratamentos invasivos desnecessários. Para esta revisão, realizamos pesquisa na base de dados PubMed, considerando as publicações sobre o tema nos últimos 10 anos. A PET-TC 18F-FDG é um exame útil para diferenciar massas cardíacas benignas das malignas, de acordo com o maior grau de metabolismo glicolítico encontrado nas neoplasias malignas. Além do mais, nos tumores malignos, a PET-TC 18F-FDG tem papel central no estadiamento da doença e pode ajudar na avaliação de resposta ao tratamento


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Sarcoma , Glicemia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Linfoma
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 188-194, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019397

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Left ventricular global longitudinal strain value (GLS) can predict functional capacity in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) heart failure (HF) and to assess prognosis in reduced LVEF HF. Objetive: Correlate GLS with parameters of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET) and to assess if they could predict systolic HF patients that are more appropriated to be referred to heart transplantation according to CPET criteria. Methods: Systolic HF patients with LVEF < 45%, NYHA functional class II and III, underwent prospectively CPET and echocardiography with strain analysis. LVEF and GLS were correlated with the following CPET variables: maxVO2, VE/VCO2 slope, heart rate reduction during the first minute of recovery (HRR) and time needed to reduce maxVO2 in 50% after physical exercise (T1/2VO2). ROC curve analysis of GLS to predict VO2 < 14 mL/kg/min and VE/VCO2 slope > 35 (heart transplantation's criteria) was performed. Results: Twenty six patients were selected (age, 47 ± 12 years, 58% men, mean LVEF = 28 ± 8%). LVEF correlated only with maxVO2 and T1/2VO2. GLS correlated to all CPET variables (maxVO2: r = 0.671, p = 0.001; VE/VCO2 slope: r = -0.513, p = 0.007; HRR: r = 0.466, p = 0.016, and T1/2VO2: r = -0.696, p = 0.001). GLS area under the ROC curve to predict heart transplantation's criteria was 0.88 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 83%) for a cut-off value of -5.7%, p = 0.03. Conclusion: GLS was significantly associated with all functional CPET parameters. It could classify HF patients according to the functional capacity and may stratify which patients have a poor prognosis and therefore to deserve more differentiated treatment, such as heart transplantation.


Resumo Fundamento: O strain longitudinal global (SLG) é capaz de predizer a capacidade funcional dos pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) preservada, e avaliar o prognóstico na IC com FEVE reduzida. Objetivo: Correlacionar o SLG com parâmetros do teste de exercício cardiopulmonar (TECP), e avaliar se o SLG seria capaz de predizer quais pacientes com IC sistólica deveriam ser encaminhados ao transplante cardíaco de acordo com os critérios do TECP. Métodos: Os pacientes com IC sistólica com FEVE <45%, classe funcional NYHA II e III, submeteram-se prospectivamente ao TECP e à ecocardiografia com análise do strain. A FEVE e o SLG foram correlacionados com as seguintes variáveis do TECP: maxVO2, inclinação de VE/VCO2, redução da frequência cardíaca durante o primeiro minuto de recuperação (RFC), e tempo necessário para a redução do maxVO2 em 50% após o exercício físico (T1/2VO2). Foi realizada análise da curva ROC do SLG em predizer um VO2 < 14 mL/kg/min e uma inclinação de VE/VCO2 > 35 (critérios para transplante cardíaco). O nível de significância adotado na análise estatística foi de p < 0,05. Resultados: Vinte e seis pacientes foram selecionados para o estudo (idade, 47±12 anos, 58% homens, FEVE média LVEF = 28 ± 8%). A FEVE correlacionou-se somente com o maxVO2 e o T1/2VO2. O SLG correlacionou-se com todas as variáveis do TECP (maxVO2: r = 0,671; p = 0,001; inclinação de VE/VCO2: r = -0,513; p = 0,007; RFC: r = 0,466; p = 0,016; e T1/2VO2: r = -0,696, p = 0,001). A área sob a curva ROC para o SLG para predizer os critérios para transplante cardíaco foi de 0,88 (sensibilidade 75%, especificidade 83%) para um ponto de corte de -5,7%, p = 0,03. Conclusão: O SLG apresentou associação significativa com todos os parâmetros funcionais do TECP. O SLG foi capaz de classificar os pacientes com IC segundo capacidade funcional e possivelmente pode identificar quais pacientes têm um prognóstico ruim e, portanto, se beneficiariam de um tratamento diferenciado, tal como o transplante cardíaco.

3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(2): 188-194, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular global longitudinal strain value (GLS) can predict functional capacity in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) heart failure (HF) and to assess prognosis in reduced LVEF HF. OBJETIVE: Correlate GLS with parameters of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET) and to assess if they could predict systolic HF patients that are more appropriated to be referred to heart transplantation according to CPET criteria. METHODS: Systolic HF patients with LVEF < 45%, NYHA functional class II and III, underwent prospectively CPET and echocardiography with strain analysis. LVEF and GLS were correlated with the following CPET variables: maxVO2, VE/VCO2 slope, heart rate reduction during the first minute of recovery (HRR) and time needed to reduce maxVO2 in 50% after physical exercise (T1/2VO2). ROC curve analysis of GLS to predict VO2 < 14 mL/kg/min and VE/VCO2 slope > 35 (heart transplantation's criteria) was performed. RESULTS: Twenty six patients were selected (age, 47 ± 12 years, 58% men, mean LVEF = 28 ± 8%). LVEF correlated only with maxVO2 and T1/2VO2. GLS correlated to all CPET variables (maxVO2: r = 0.671, p = 0.001; VE/VCO2 slope: r = -0.513, p = 0.007; HRR: r = 0.466, p = 0.016, and T1/2VO2: r = -0.696, p = 0.001). GLS area under the ROC curve to predict heart transplantation's criteria was 0.88 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 83%) for a cut-off value of -5.7%, p = 0.03. CONCLUSION: GLS was significantly associated with all functional CPET parameters. It could classify HF patients according to the functional capacity and may stratify which patients have a poor prognosis and therefore to deserve more differentiated treatment, such as heart transplantation.

5.
Respir Med ; 153: 60-67, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beneficial effects from non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in acute COPD are well-established, but the impact of nebulization during NIV has not been well described. AIM: To compare pulmonary deposition and distribution across regions of interest with administration of radiolabeled aerosols generated by vibrating mesh nebulizers (VMN) and jet nebulizer (JN) during NIV. METHODS: A crossover single dose study involving 9 stable subjects with moderate to severe COPD randomly allocated to receive aerosol administration by the VMN Aerogen and the MistyNeb jet nebulizer operating with oxygen at 8 lpm during NIV. Radiolabeled bronchodilators (fill volume of 3 mL: 0.5 mL salbutamol 2.5 mg + 0.125 mL ipratropium 0.25 mg and physiologic saline up to 3 mL) were delivered until sputtering during NIV (pressures of 12 cmH2O and 5 cmH2O - inspiratory and expiratory, respectively) using an oro-nasal facemask. Radioactivity counts were performed using a gamma camera and regions of interest (ROIs) were delimited. Aerosol mass balance based on counts from the lungs, upper airways, stomach, nebulizer, circuit, inspiratory and expiratory filters, and mask were determined and expressed as a percentage of the total. RESULTS: Both inhaled and lung doses were greater with VMN (22.78 ±â€¯3.38% and 12.05 ±â€¯2.96%, respectively) than JN (12.51 ±â€¯6.31% and 3.14 ±â€¯1.71%; p = 0.008). Residual drug volume was lower in VMN than in JN (3.08 ±â€¯1.3% versus 46.44 ±â€¯5.83%, p = 0.001). Peripheral deposition of radioaerosol was significantly lower with JN than VMN. CONCLUSIONS: VMN deposited > 3 fold more radioaerosol into the lungs of moderate to severe COPD patients than JN during NIV.

7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(6): 713-714, Jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022838

RESUMO

O objetivo primordial desse documento é estimular a melhoria das condições de saúde das mulheres brasileiras, com foco na doença cardiovascular (DCV). A DCV é responsável por 17,5 milhões de mortes prematuras/ano no mundo, com previsão de aumento para 23 milhões em 2030. As DCV são responsáveis por um terço de todas as mortes no Brasil, com semelhança entre homens e mulheres após a menopausa. Esses dados revestem-se de maior importância quando consideramos que 80% das mortes prematura. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Mulheres , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
8.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(1): 19-28, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-969863

RESUMO

A miocardiopatia hipertrófica é a cardiopatia hereditária mais comum e acomete cerca de 1:500 indivíduos na população geral. O diagnóstico, que nem sempre é simples pela variação fenotípica e pela concomitância de outras patologias, baseia-se, inicialmente, em critérios eletrocardiográficos e ecocardiográficos, e na ausência de outras doenças que cursem com hipertrofia ventricular. Tendo como base celular o desarranjo miofibrilar e a fibrose com alterações hemodinâmicas decorrentes, a miocardiopatia hipertrófica pode revelar isquemia miocárdica (não relacionada à aterosclerose) e morte súbita. Assim, a avaliação da repercussão funcional por meio da cintilografia de perfusão miocárdica pela técnica Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) tem ganhado espaço, uma vez que 25% dos pacientes com miocardiopatia hipertrófica demonstram defeitos de perfusão fixos ou isquêmicos. Neste âmbito, notam-se alterações perfusionais que não estão necessariamente associadas ao tipo de miocardiopatia hipertrófica, mas conseguem predizer morbimortalidade nestes indivíduos. Outra técnica cintilográfica mais recente é a tomografia por emissão de pósitrons (PET), que se destaca na avaliação da microcirculação, na reserva de fluxo coronário e no metabolismo miocárdico. Em pacientes com miocardiopatia hipertrófica, estudos têm demonstrado resultados desfavoráveis quanto menores o fluxo sanguíneo miocárdico e a reserva de fluxo coronário. A avaliação miocárdica metabólica pela PET parece útil no entendimento fisiopatológico desta doença e na avaliação prognóstica da ablação alcoólica, procedimento realizado em formas obstrutivas graves. Assim, esta revisão aborda o papel da cardiologia nuclear pelas técnicas SPECT e PET miocárdico na avaliação diagnóstica, prognóstica e terapêutica da miocardiopatia hipertrófica


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cintilografia/métodos , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica Familiar/genética , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica Familiar/terapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Morte Súbita , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico
9.
J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv ; 31(5): 298-310, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29672215

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Manual analysis of two-dimensional (2D) scintigraphy to evaluate aerosol deposition is usually subjective and has reduced sensitivity to quantify regional differences between central and distal airways. AIMS: (1) To present a method to analyze 2D scans based on three-dimensional (3D)-linked anatomically consistent regions of interest (ROIs); (2) to evaluate peripheral-to-central counts ratio (P/C2D) and penetration indices (PIs) for a set of 16 subjects with moderate-to-severe asthma; and (3) to compare the reproducibility of this method against one with manually traced ROIs. METHODS: Two-dimensional scans were analyzed using custom software that scaled onto 2D-projections' 3D anatomical features, obtained from population-averaged computed tomography (CT) chest scans. ROIs for a rectangular box (bROI) and an anatomically shaped ROI (aROI) were defined by computer and by manually tracing the standard rectangular box (manual ROI [mROI]). These ROIs were defined five nonconsecutive times for each scan and average value and variability of the P/C2D were estimated. Based on CT estimates of lung and airways, volumes lying under the bROI and aROI, a 2D penetration index (PI2D) and a 3D penetration index (PI3D), were defined as volume-normalized ratios of aerosol deposition in central and peripheral ROIs and in central and distal airways, respectively. RESULTS: P/C2D values and their variability, were influenced by the shape and method to define the ROIs: The P/C2D was systematically greater and more variable for mROI versus bROI (p < 0.005). The P/C2D for aROI was higher and its variability lower than those for the bROI (p < 0.001). The PI2D was in average the same for aROI and bROI, and is substantially (∼30 × ) greater than PI3D (p < 0.001). Both PI2D and PI3D, obtained with our analysis, compared well with literature values obtained with two scans (deposition and volume). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that 2D scintigraphy can be analyzed using anatomically based ROIs from 3D CT data, allowing objective and enhanced reproducibility values describing the distribution pattern of radioaerosol deposition in the tracheobronchial tree.

10.
Rev. bras. med. trab ; 16(2): 185-191, abr.-jun-2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-909228

RESUMO

Introdução: Os benefícios previdenciários refletem o impacto socioeconômico gerado pela incapacidade ao trabalho por motivo de doença. As doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) são as principais causas de mortalidade e morbidade no mundo. Objetivo: Avaliar, clínica e economicamente, os benefícios previdenciários concedidos por DCVs no Recife, Pernambuco, no quinquênio 2011­2015. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, de corte transversal, com coleta de informações e análise dos benefícios por incapacidade pelas DCVs na gerência executiva do Instituto Nacional do Seguro Social no Recife, por intermédio do Sistema Único de Informações de Benefícios. Resultados: No quinquênio 2011­2015 foram concedidos 186.058 benefícios. Destes, 8.968 (4,8%) foram por DCVs, entre os quais 6.049 (67,5%) foram selecionados por serem as doenças mais frequentes. Dos beneficiários, 78% são masculinos e 63,8% estavam na faixa etária entre 45 e 59 anos. O acidente vascular encefálico (AVE) e a insuficiência cardíaca (IC) foram responsáveis pela maior duração de afastamento ao trabalho (entre 135 e 138 dias) e pelo maior valor do benefício (próximo de R$ 3.900 mensais). Conclusão: Embora a hipertensão arterial sistêmica não acarrete um afastamento tão longo e não seja tão dispendiosa, ela deveria ser prevenida, por ser causa importante de AVE e IC, duas das principais DCVs responsáveis por maior custo e número de dias de absenteísmo. A melhoria da qualidade de vida da população visa à atenuação do impacto na Previdência Social, no mundo do trabalho e na sociedade como um todo.


Background: Social security benefits reflect the socioeconomic impact of work incapacity by disease. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of mortality and mortality worldwide. Objective: To evaluate benefits granted due to CVD in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, from the clinical and economic perspective. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study which collected and analyzed data on benefits granted for disability caused by CVD by the executive management of the National Social Security Institute in Recife, via the Unified System of Information on Benefits. Results: 186,058 benefits were granted from 2011 to 2015, 8,968 (4.8%) corresponded to CVD, of which 6,049 (67.5%) were selected for analysis because they corresponded to the most frequent diseases. About 78% of the beneficiaries were male and 63.8% were within age range 45 to 59 years old. Stroke and heart failure (HF) accounted for the longest sick leaves (133 to 138 days) and highest benefit amounts (about BRL 3,900.00 per month). Conclusion: While hypertension does not result in as long leaves and costs, it should be prevented for being a significant cause of stroke and HF, both of which account for longer sick leaves and higher social security costs. Improving the quality of life of the population seeks to reduce their impacts on the social security system, the world of work and society at large


Assuntos
Humanos , Previdência Social , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Seguro por Invalidez , Benefícios do Seguro , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador , Brasil , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos de Coortes
11.
Pharm Res ; 34(12): 2568-2578, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28718049

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The design development of a small, hand held, battery operated, breath actuated inhaler as a drug/device platform for inhaled insulin posed a number of technical challenges. Our goal was to optimize lung deposition and distribution with aerosol generators producing 3-6 µm particle size distribution. METHODS: In silico modeling with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and in vitro testing of device components were assessed using an Alberta idealized adult airway (Copley, UK) to optimize mouthpiece and aerosol path design for dose delivered distal to the trachea. Human factors use testing was designed to determine the ability to perform inspiratory manuevers with LED guidance within target flow limits. In vivo testing with healthy normal subjects of radiolabeled aerosol compared 2 breathing patterns for lung deposition efficiency, distribution, and subject preference. RESULTS: CFD demonstrated that flows ≤5 L/min and ≥15 L/min reduced the delivery efficiencg. Prototypes tested with inspiratory flow of 10 L/min provided up to 70% of dose delivered distal to the model throat with aerosols of 3 to 6 µm. Users guided by LED were able to inhale for 8-24 s with 5 s breath hold. Lung dose >70% with peripheral to central ratios >2.0 were achieved, with subject preference for the longer inspiratory time with breath hold. CONCLUSION: The device design phase integration led to a novel design and inspiratory pattern with greater levels of peripheral deposition than previously reported with commercial inhalers. The rationale and process of the application of these methods are described with implications for use in future device development.


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Administração por Inalação , Adulto , Aerossóis/administração & dosagem , Aerossóis/química , Aerossóis/farmacocinética , Idoso , Simulação por Computador , Estudos Cross-Over , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrodinâmica , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacocinética , Insulina/química , Insulina/farmacocinética , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Tamanho da Partícula , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 5(3): 363-369, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28411704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The contralateral limbs of patients with unilateral lymphedema in the lower limbs (LLs) can exhibit abnormal lymphatic circulation, even in the absence of lymphedema. This idea is based on a number of reports that have studied isolated cases using lymphoscintigraphy. It is likely that these patients previously had some form of lymphopathy, and the lymphedema arose after the action of some external factor. However, there are no studies in the literature that adequately assess the asymptomatic contralateral limbs of these patients or address the prevalence and characteristics of the abnormal lymphatic circulation in these limbs. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of abnormal lymphatic circulation in the asymptomatic contralateral limbs of patients with unilateral lymphedema of the LL. METHODS: Forty-three patients from the angiology and vascular surgery ward of the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco with unilateral lymphedema of the LL underwent lymphoscintigraphy. All patients received a subcutaneous injection of 0.2 mL (74 MBq) of a solution of dextran 70 labeled with technetium Tc 99m in the first interdigital space of each foot. Images were obtained on two occasions: 10 minutes and 1 hour after the injection. The study design was transversal prospective. RESULTS: Among the 43 asymptomatic LLs, 30 (70%) showed abnormal lymphatic circulation. The lymphoscintigraphic abnormalities found were the following: reduced visualization of the lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes during 1 hour (83%), collateral circulation (30%), visualization of the inguinal and pelvic lymph nodes after at least 1 hour (30%), visualization of the popliteal lymph nodes (20%), dilation and lymphatic tortuosity (20%), and dermal backflow (10%). CONCLUSIONS: In this study,70% of the patients with unilateral lymphedema of the LL had some form of lymphopathy in the contralateral limb during the lymphoscintigraphic examination. These findings could favor the early treatment of these patients to prevent the disease from progressing to its most severe stage.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Linfáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Dextranos , Feminino , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Anormalidades Linfáticas/complicações , Linfedema/complicações , Linfocintigrafia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos de Organotecnécio , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Ginekol Pol ; 88(3): 129-133, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28397200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in the indication for uterine-artery embolization in women with fibroids, as well as the correlation between MRI and ultrasound (US) examinations for diagnosing adenomyosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed through the analysis of the medical records of 263 women referred for uterine-artery embolization as treatment for fibroids after undergoing US and MRI examinations. To compare uterine volume and fibroid measurement in US and MRI, the Wilcoxon test was used; for the number of fibroids, the McNemar test was used. The kappa coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation between US and MRI findings for diagnosing adenomyosis. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 37.9 ± 6.8 years and 191 (72.6%) were nulliparous. Forty-three patients with adenomyosis associated with fibroid were diagnosed by MRI; US indicated the presence of adenomyosis in 12 (4.56%) women. There was agreement between MRI and US in the diagnosis of adenomyosis in 218/263 (82.9%) patients (p < 0.05). In the US examination, the mean uterine volume was lower (389 ± 340.8 cm³) than that observed in MRI (472.2 ± 415.9 cm³; p < 0.001). Regarding the number of fibroids, MRI showed a greater number of patients with multiple fibroids (68.8% vs. 57.4%, MRI and US, respectively; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In women with fibroids referred for uterine-artery embolization, MRI findings led to the revision of the initial diagnosis in 17.1% cases. US showed a lower sensitivity for diagnosing adenomyosis than MRI.


Assuntos
Adenomiose/diagnóstico por imagem , Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Leiomioma/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral , Ultrassonografia , Embolização da Artéria Uterina , Neoplasias Uterinas/terapia , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Útero/patologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Dig Dis Sci ; 61(7): 2118-26, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26921079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein obstructive lesions associated with hypertrophy of the hepatic artery territory are observed in Schistosoma mansoni schistosomiasis. Liver perfusion scintigraphy is a method used for evaluation of hepatic perfusion changes in liver diseases. It has been suggested that, like in cirrhosis, where compensatory increase in perfusion through the hepatic artery is documented, perfusion changes occur in hepatosplenic schistosomiasis (HSS). AIMS: This study aims to determine changes in liver hemodynamics using hepatic perfusion scintigraphy and correlate them with clinical and laboratory variables and ultrasound findings in HSS. METHODS: Nineteen patients with schistosomiasis underwent ultrasound evaluation of degree of liver fibrosis, splenic length, and splenic and portal vein diameter, digestive endoscopy, and quantification of platelets. Subsequently, perfusion scintigraphy with measurement of hepatic perfusion index (HPI) was performed. RESULTS: It was observed that patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis had significantly higher HPI compared with normal individuals (p = 0.0029) and that this increase correlated with splenic length (p = 0.038) and diameter of esophageal varices (p = 0.0060). Angioscintigraphy showed high accuracy for predicting presence of large esophageal varices. CONCLUSIONS: Angioscintigraphy could show that patients with HSS had increased HPI, featuring greater liver "arterialization," as previously described for cirrhotic patients. Correlations were also observed between HPI and longitudinal splenic length, caliber of esophageal varices, caliber of portal vein, and blood platelet count. Angioscintigraphy is a promising technique for evaluation of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis.


Assuntos
Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Hepatopatias Parasitárias/complicações , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Esquistossomose mansoni/patologia , Esplenopatias/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Técnicas de Diagnóstico por Radioisótopos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Portal/fisiopatologia , Hepatopatias Parasitárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatias Parasitárias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esquistossomose mansoni/complicações , Esplenopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Esplenopatias/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(3): 228-234, Sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-761502

RESUMO

Background:Chemotherapy with anthracyclines and trastuzumab can cause cardiotoxicity. Alteration of cardiac adrenergic function assessed by metaiodobenzylguanidine labeled with iodine-123 (123I-mIBG) seems to precede the drop in left ventricular ejection fraction.Objective:To evaluate and to compare the presence of cardiovascular abnormalities among patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy with anthracyclines and trastuzumab, and only with anthracycline.Methods:Patients with breast cancer were analyzed clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic and cardiac sympathetic activity. In scintigraphic images, the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum, and the washout rate were calculated. The variables were compared between patients who received anthracyclines and trastuzumab (Group 1) and only anthracyclines (Group 2).Results:Twenty patients, with mean age 57 ± 14 years, were studied. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction by echocardiography was 67.8 ± 4.0%. Mean washout rate was 28.39 ± 9.23% and the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum was 2.07 ± 0.28. Of the patients, 82% showed an increased in washout rate, and the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum decreased in 25%. Concerning the groups, the mean washout rate of Group 1 was 32.68 ± 9.30% and of Group 2 was 24.56 ± 7.72% (p = 0,06). The ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum was normal in all patients in Group 2, however, the Group 1, showed 50% the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum ≤ 1.8 (p = 0.02).Conclusion:In women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy, assessment of cardiac sympathetic activity with 123I-mIBG appears to be an early marker of cardiotoxicity. The combination of chemotherapy showed higher risk of cardiac adrenergic hyperactivity.


Fundamento:A quimioterapia com antracíclicos e trastuzumabe pode causar cardiotoxicidade. A alteração da função adrenérgica cardíaca, avaliada pela metaiodobenzilguanidina marcada com iodo-123 (123I-mIBG), parece preceder a queda da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo.Objetivo:Avaliar e comparar a presença de alterações cardiovasculares entre pacientes com câncer de mama submetidas à quimioterapia com antracíclicos e trastuzumabe e apenas a antracíclico.Métodos:Foram analisadas variáveis clínicas, laboratoriais, eletro e ecocardiográficas, além de atividade simpática cardíaca. Nas imagens cintilográficas, foram calculadas a relação da captação do 123I-mIBG entre o coração e o mediastino, e a taxa de clareamento. As variáveis foram comparadas entre os pacientes que receberam antracíclicos e trastuzumabe (Grupo 1) e apenas antracíclicos (Grupo 2).Resultados:Vinte pacientes, com idade média 57 ± 14 anos, participaram deste estudo. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo média pelo ecocardiograma foi 67,8 ± 4,0%. A taxa de clareamento média foi 28,39 ± 9,23%, e a relação da captação do 123I-mIBG entre o coração e o mediastino foi de 2,07 ± 0,28. Dentre as pacientes, 82% mostraram taxa de clareamento aumentada e 25%, uma relação da captação do 123I-mIBG entre o coração e o mediastino diminuída. Em relação aos grupos, a média da taxa de clareamento no Grupo 1 foi de 32,68 ± 9,30% e, no Grupo 2, de 24,56 ± 7,72% (p = 0,06). A relação da captação do 123I-mIBG entre o coração e o mediastino foi normal em todas as pacientes do Grupo 2, entretanto, no Grupo 1, 50% mostraram relação da captação do 123I-mIBG entre o coração e o mediastino ≤ 1,8 (p = 0,02).Conclusão:Em mulheres com câncer de mama submetidas à quimioterapia, a avaliação da atividade simpática cardíaca com 123I-mIBG pode ser um marcador precoce de cardiotoxicidade. A associação de quimioterápicos proporcionou maior risco de hiperatividade adrenérgica cardíaca.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Coração , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Medição de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(3): 228-34, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26176188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy with anthracyclines and trastuzumab can cause cardiotoxicity. Alteration of cardiac adrenergic function assessed by metaiodobenzylguanidine labeled with iodine-123 (123I-mIBG) seems to precede the drop in left ventricular ejection fraction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and to compare the presence of cardiovascular abnormalities among patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy with anthracyclines and trastuzumab, and only with anthracycline. METHODS: Patients with breast cancer were analyzed clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic and cardiac sympathetic activity. In scintigraphic images, the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum, and the washout rate were calculated. The variables were compared between patients who received anthracyclines and trastuzumab (Group 1) and only anthracyclines (Group 2). RESULTS: Twenty patients, with mean age 57 ± 14 years, were studied. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction by echocardiography was 67.8 ± 4.0%. Mean washout rate was 28.39 ± 9.23% and the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum was 2.07 ± 0.28. Of the patients, 82% showed an increased in washout rate, and the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum decreased in 25%. Concerning the groups, the mean washout rate of Group 1 was 32.68 ± 9.30% and of Group 2 was 24.56 ± 7.72% (p = 0,06). The ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum was normal in all patients in Group 2, however, the Group 1, showed 50% the ratio of 123I-mIBG uptake between the heart and mediastinum ≤ 1.8 (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: In women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy, assessment of cardiac sympathetic activity with 123I-mIBG appears to be an early marker of cardiotoxicity. The combination of chemotherapy showed higher risk of cardiac adrenergic hyperactivity.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , 3-Iodobenzilguanidina , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cintilografia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Medição de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Ann Nucl Med ; 29(1): 46-51, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25326249

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The formation of intrapulmonary vascular dilations (IPVD) is the key event for the onset of hepatopulmonary syndrome, vascular changes secondary to portal hypertension that leads to hypoxemia. The diagnosis of IPVD can be made by contrasted transthoracic echocardiography or scintigraphy with technetium-macroaggregated albumin-((99m)Tc-MAA)-that is a sensitive and specific diagnostic method and quantifies the IPVD magnitude. However, its procedure and diagnostic indices are not yet standardized and well defined in health services. The aims of this study were to define normality values and evaluate the inter- and intra-observer reproducibility degree of diagnostic indexes of IPVD through (99m)Tc-MAA scintigraphy. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted at the Clinical Hospital, Federal University of Pernambuco (HC-UFPE) between July and December 2012. Fifteen patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and nine patients without liver or heart disease (control group) were assessed. After clinical assessment, ultrasound and echocardiography, patients underwent (99m)Tc-MAA scintigraphy, and a relative brain uptake value exceeding 6 % or systemic uptake value exceeding 11 % was considered diagnostic of IPVD. Each assessment was performed by two independent observers. To analyze the results of the normal group, the nonparametric Bootsptrap method simulation model combined with the Monte Carlo method was used and to analyze inter- and intra-observer reproducibility indexes, the kappa and intra-class correlation coefficient were used. RESULTS: In normal subjects, the average brain uptake of (99m)Tc-MAA was 7.9 ± 0.01 % and systemic uptake was 12.4 ± 0.03 %, with low dispersal rates for both measures. The intra-observer agreement was 100 %, with kappa index of 1.0 (p < 0.0001), suggesting a perfect agreement. The inter-observer agreement was also 100 % (kappa = 1.0, p < 0.0001) for brain uptake; however, systemic uptake showed kappa = 0.25 (p = 0.07), which features tolerable concordance. The intra-class correlation was excellent for both uptake indexes. CONCLUSIONS: The normality values were slightly higher than those reported in studies from other countries. The demographic characteristics of the Brazilian population, the small number of patients or different methodologies can be the causes of such differences. (99m)Tc-MAA scintigraphy showed excellent reproducibility.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Agregado de Albumina Marcado com Tecnécio Tc 99m , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Simulação por Computador , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Doença Hepática Terminal/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Método de Monte Carlo , Imagem de Perfusão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico
18.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 8(6): e2881, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24967578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension is responsible for various complications in patients with schistosomiasis, among them intrapulmonary vascular dilations (IPVD). In cirrhotic patients the presence of IPVD is a sign of poor prognosis, but in patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis (HSS) there are no studies assessing the significance of this change. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of IPVD through 99mTc-MAA scintigraphy in patients with HSS and its relationship with clinical, laboratory, endoscopic and ultrasound parameters. METHODS: Cross-sectional study evaluating 51 patients with HSS. Patients were diagnosed with IPVD when the brain uptake of 99mTc-MAA was higher than 6%. Subsequently, they were divided according to presence (G1) or absence (G2) of IPVD and variables were compared between groups. RESULTS: Overall, 51 patients with mean age of 56±12 years were assessed. IPVD was observed in 31 patients (60%). There was no statistically significant differences between groups when clinical, laboratory and endoscopic parameters were compared. Regarding ultrasound parameters, the splenic vein diameter was smaller in G1 (0.9 ± 0.3 cm) compared to G2 (1.2 ± 0.4 cm), p=0.029. CONCLUSION: In patients with HSS, the occurrence of IPVD by 99mTc-MAA scintigraphy was high and was associated with lower splenic vein diameter, which can be a mechanism of vascular protection against portal hypertension. However, more studies are needed to determine the clinical significance of the early diagnosis and natural evolution of IPVD in this population.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Hipertensão Portal/patologia , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Pneumopatias/patologia , Esquistossomose/complicações , Esquistossomose/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cintilografia/métodos , Tecnécio , Adulto Jovem
19.
ABCS health sci ; 38(3)set.-dez. 2013.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-698572

RESUMO

O objetivo deste artigo foi revisar sistematicamente as evidências disponíveis sobre os efeitos na capacidade funcional, atividade simpática cardíaca e qualidade de vida, que constituem os principais indicadores de prognóstico, encontrados em estudos que empregam protocolos de reabilitação com exercício aeróbico intervalado em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Foi realizado um levantamento de dados sobre essa temática a partir das bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS e SciELO, utilizando cinco descritores em Ciências da Saúde ou Medical Subject Headings, três termos-livres e sete cruzamentos. Na base de dados MEDLINE, via Publisher MEDLINE, cruzando-se as palavras-chave e os termos livres, foram encontrados 155 artigos. Já nas bases de dados LILACS e SciELO, nas quais foi realizada busca nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol, foram encontrados seis artigos, conjuntamente. Conclui-se, pelas evidências relatadas nesta revisão, que o exercício aeróbico intervalado em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) proporciona melhora da capacidade funcional, aferida por meio do VO2 pico, e na qualidade de vida, quando comparado ao exercício aeróbico contínuo, ambos realizados de forma isolada.


The purpose of this article was to systematically review the available evidence about the effects on functional capacity, cardiac sympathetic activity and quality of life, which are the main prognostic indicators found in studies employing rehabilitation protocols with interval aerobic exercise inpatients with heart failure. Data collection was carried out in thedatabases MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO, using five keywords in Health Sciences or Medical Subject Headings, three freeterms and seven combinations. A total of 155 articles were retrieved from the database MEDLINE, via Publisher MEDLINE, by crossing the keywords and free terms. Six articles were found in the databases LILACS and SciELO, in which were made searches in English, Portuguese and Spanish. According to the findings reported herein, it is concluded that intervalaerobic exercise provides patients with heart failure with improved functional capacity as measured by VO2 peak, and improved quality of life when compared to continuous aerobic exercise, both performed alone.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Assistência à Saúde , Exercício , Tolerância ao Exercício , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Atividade Motora , Reabilitação , Enfermagem em Reabilitação
20.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 21(3): 270-275, 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-690660

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A oclusão da artéria radial (OAR) é uma complicação clinicamente silenciosa do cateterismo transradial, mas pode predispor à isquemia da mão. Fatores associados a essa complicação conhecidos são o calibre dos introdutores e cateteres, a dose de heparina utilizada, o número de reutilizações da artéria radial e o tipo de curativo compressivo aplicado. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se existe associação entre a utilização de introdutores vasculares hidrofílicos reprocessados e a OAR. MÉTODOS: Pacientes submetidos a cateterismo transradial foram randomizados para introdutores novos (Grupo I - GI) ou reprocessados (Grupo II - GII). A presença de OAR foi avaliada em 24 horas (precoce) e 30 dias (tardia), por meio do teste de Barbeau reverso. RESULTADOS: Foram alocados 228 pacientes no GI (n = 100) e no GII (n = 128). A idade foi de 60,1 ± 10,6 anos vs. 59,4 ± 10,9 anos (P = 0,64), 49% vs. 35,2% (P = 0,03) eram do sexo feminino e 25% vs. 27,3% (P = 0,70) eram diabéticos. Observaram-se incidências totais de OAR precoce de 10,5% e de 9,1% para OAR tardia. Dez pacientes do GI (10%) apresentaram OAR precoce, comparados a 14 (10,9%) do GII (χ² = 0,05; RR = 1,09; P = 0,82). Na avaliação de 30 dias, foi encontrada OAR em 6 pacientes do GI (7,5%) comparados a 11 pacientes (10,4%) do GII (χ² = 0,45; RR = 1,38; P = 0,50). CONCLUSÕES: Na casuística estudada, não foi encontrada associação entre a reutilização de introdutores vasculares e a OAR precoce e tardia em pacientes submetidos a cateterismo cardíaco.


BACKGROUND: Radial artery occlusion (RAO) is a clinically silent complication of transradial catheterization but may predispose to hand ischemia. Factors associated with this complication are the diameter of catheters and sheaths, the dose of heparin, repeated transradial procedures and the type of compressive dressing applied. The objective of this study was to evaluate if there is an association between reused hydrophilic vascular introducers and RAO. METHODS: Patients undergoing transradial catheterization were randomized to receive brand new introducers (Group I - GI) or reprocessed introducers (Group II - GII). The presence of RAO was evaluated at 24 hours (early) and day 30 (late) with the reverse Barbeau test. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-eight patients were assigned to GI (n = 100) and GII (n = 128). Mean age was 60.1 ± 10.6 years vs. 59.4 ± 10.9 years (P = 0.64), 49% vs. 35.2% (P = 0.03) were female and 25% vs. 27.3% (P = 0.70) were diabetic. An total early RAO incidence of 10.5% and a late RAO incidence of 9.1% were observed. Ten GI patients (10%) had early RAO when compared to 14 (19.9%) in GII (χ² = 0.05; HR: 1.09; P = 0.82). On the 30-day follow-up RAO was observed in 6 GI patients (7.5%) when compared to 11 GII patients (10.4%) (χ² = 0.45; HR = 1.38; P = 0.50). CONCLUSIONS: In our study no association was found between reused vascular introducers and early and late RAO in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Oclusão Coronária/complicações , Oclusão Coronária/fisiopatologia , Reutilização de Equipamento/economia , Análise de Dados , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos
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