*Phys Rev E ; 95(1-1): 012153, 2017 Jan.*

##### RESUMO

We analyze the thermodynamic properties of a generalized Dicke model, i.e., a collection of three-level systems interacting with two bosonic modes. We show that at finite temperatures the system undergoes first-order phase transitions only, which is in contrast to the zero-temperature case where a second-order phase transition exists as well. We discuss the free energy and prominent expectation values. The limit of vanishing temperature is discussed as well.

*Phys Rev E ; 96(1-1): 012153, 2017 Jul.*

##### RESUMO

We theoretically investigate the impact of the excited state quantum phase transition on the adiabatic dynamics for the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model. Using a time-dependent protocol, we continuously change a model parameter and then discuss the scaling properties of the system especially close to the excited state quantum phase transition where we find that these depend on the energy eigenstate. On top, we show that the mean-field dynamics with the time-dependent protocol gives the correct scaling and expectation values in the thermodynamic limit even for the excited states.

*Nat Nanotechnol ; 12(3): 218-222, 2017 03.*

##### RESUMO

Feedback control of quantum mechanical systems is rapidly attracting attention not only due to fundamental questions about quantum measurements, but also because of its novel applications in many fields in physics. Quantum control has been studied intensively in quantum optics but progress has recently been made in the control of solid-state qubits as well. In quantum transport only a few active and passive feedback experiments have been realized on the level of single electrons, although theoretical proposals exist. Here we demonstrate the suppression of shot noise in a single-electron transistor using an exclusively electronic closed-loop feedback to monitor and adjust the counting statistics. With increasing feedback response we observe a stronger suppression and faster freezing of charge current fluctuations. Our technique is analogous to the generation of squeezed light with in-loop photodetection as used in quantum optics. Sub-Poisson single-electron sources will pave the way for high-precision measurements in quantum transport similar to optical or optomechanical equivalents.

*Phys Rev E ; 93: 042103, 2016 04.*

##### RESUMO

Feedback loops are known as a versatile tool for controlling transport in small systems, which usually have large intrinsic fluctuations. Here we investigate the control of a temporal correlation function, the waiting-time distribution, under active and passive feedback conditions. We develop a general formalism and then specify to the simple unidirectional transport model, where we compare costs of open-loop and feedback control and use methods from optimal control theory to optimize waiting-time distributions.

*Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 92(4): 042104, 2015 Oct.*

##### RESUMO

In analogy to Brownian computers we explicitly show how to construct stochastic models which mimic the behavior of a general-purpose computer (a Turing machine). Our models are discrete state systems obeying a Markovian master equation, which are logically reversible and have a well-defined and consistent thermodynamic interpretation. The resulting master equation, which describes a simple one-step process on an enormously large state space, allows us to thoroughly investigate the thermodynamics of computation for this situation. Especially in the stationary regime we can well approximate the master equation by a simple Fokker-Planck equation in one dimension. We then show that the entropy production rate at steady state can be made arbitrarily small, but the total (integrated) entropy production is finite and grows logarithmically with the number of computational steps.

*J Chem Phys ; 142(13): 134106, 2015 Apr 07.*

##### RESUMO

We study coherent transport through a double quantum dot. Its two electronic leads induce electronic matter and energy transport and a phonon reservoir contributes further energy exchanges. By treating the system-lead couplings perturbatively, whereas the coupling to vibrations is treated non-perturbatively in a polaron-transformed frame, we derive a thermodynamic consistent low-dimensional master equation. When the number of phonon modes is finite, a Markovian description is only possible when these couple symmetrically to both quantum dots. For a continuum of phonon modes however, also asymmetric couplings can be described with a Markovian master equation. We compute the electronic current and dephasing rate. The electronic current enables transport spectroscopy of the phonon frequency and displays signatures of Franck-Condon blockade. For infinite external bias but finite tunneling bandwidths, we find oscillations in the current as a function of the internal bias due to the electron-phonon coupling. Furthermore, we derive the full fluctuation theorem and show its identity to the entropy production in the system.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 112(14): 140408, 2014 Apr 11.*

##### RESUMO

We investigate precursors of critical behavior in the quasienergy spectrum due to the dynamical instability in the kicked top. Using a semiclassical approach, we analytically obtain a logarithmic divergence in the density of states, which is analogous to a continuous excited state quantum phase transition in undriven systems. We propose a protocol to observe the cusp behavior of the magnetization close to the critical quasienergy.

*Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 90(6): 062107, 2014 Dec.*

##### RESUMO

We propose a physically realizable Maxwell's demon device using a spin valve interacting unitarily for a short time with electrons placed on a tape of quantum dots, which is thermodynamically equivalent to the device introduced by Mandal and Jarzynski [D. Mandal and C. Jarzynski, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 11641 (2012)]. The model is exactly solvable and we show that it can be equivalently interpreted as a Brownian ratchet demon. We then consider a measurement-based discrete feedback scheme, which produces identical system dynamics, but possesses a different second law inequality. We show that the second law for discrete feedback control can provide a smaller, equal, or larger bound on the maximum extractable work as compared to the second law involving the tape of bits. Finally, we derive an effective master equation governing the system evolution for Poisson distributed bits on the tape (or measurement times, respectively) and we show that its associated entropy production rate contains the same physical statement as the second law involving the tape of bits.

*Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 88(3): 032133, 2013 Sep.*

##### RESUMO

We derive analytical results for various quantities related to the excited-state quantum phase transitions in a class of Dicke superradiance models in the semiclassical limit. Based on a calculation of a partition sum restricted to Dicke states, we discuss the singular behavior of the derivative of the density of states and find observables such as the mean (atomic) inversion and the boson (photon) number and its fluctuations at arbitrary energies. Criticality depends on energy and a parameter that quantifies the relative weight of rotating versus counterrotating terms, and we find a close analogy to the logarithmic and jump-type nonanalyticities known from the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model.

*Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 88(6): 062107, 2013 Dec.*

##### RESUMO

We consider open quantum systems weakly coupled to thermal reservoirs and subjected to quantum feedback operations triggered with or without delay by monitored quantum jumps. We establish a thermodynamic description of such systems and analyze how the first and second law of thermodynamics are modified by the feedback. We apply our formalism to study the efficiency of a qubit subjected to a quantum feedback control and operating as a heat pump between two reservoirs. We also demonstrate that quantum feedbacks can be used to stabilize coherences in nonequilibrium stationary states which in some cases may even become pure quantum states.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 110(4): 040601, 2013 Jan 25.*

##### RESUMO

We present a physical implementation of a Maxwell demon which consists of a conventional single electron transistor (SET) capacitively coupled to another quantum dot detecting its state. Altogether, the system is described by stochastic thermodynamics. We identify the regime where the energetics of the SET is not affected by the detection, but where its coarse-grained entropy production is shown to contain a new contribution compared to the isolated SET. This additional contribution can be identified as the information flow generated by the "Maxwell demon" feedback in an idealized limit.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 109(5): 054301, 2012 Aug 03.*

##### RESUMO

We present a microscopically based scheme for the generation of coherent cavity phonons (phonon laser) by an optically driven semiconductor quantum dot coupled to a THz acoustic nanocavity. External laser pump light on an anti-Stokes resonance creates an effective Lambda system within a two-level dot that leads to coherent phonon statistics. We use an inductive equation of motion method to estimate a realistic parameter range for an experimental realization of such phonon lasers. This scheme for the creation of nonequilibrium phonons is robust with respect to radiative and phononic damping and only requires optical Rabi frequencies of the order of the electron-phonon coupling strength.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 109(24): 240402, 2012 Dec 14.*

##### RESUMO

We consider thermal transport between two reservoirs coupled by a quantum Ising chain as a model for nonequilibrium physics induced in quantum-critical many-body systems. By deriving rate equations based on exact expressions for the quasiparticle pairs generated during the transport, we observe signatures of the underlying quantum phase transition in the steady-state energy current already at finite and different reservoir temperatures.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 107(5): 050501, 2011 Jul 29.*

##### RESUMO

We propose the manipulation of an isolated qubit by a simple instantaneous closed-loop feedback scheme in which a time-dependent electronic detector current is directly back-coupled into qubit parameters. As a specific detector model, we employ a capacitively coupled single-electron transistor. We demonstrate the stabilization of pure delocalized qubit states above a critical detector-qubit coupling. This electronic purification is independent of the initial qubit state and is accomplished after few electron jumps through the detector. Our simple scheme can be used for the efficient and robust initialization of solid-state qubits in quantum computational algorithms at arbitrary temperatures.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 105(6): 060602, 2010 Aug 06.*

##### RESUMO

The current through nanostructures like quantum dots can be stabilized by a classical feedback loop that continuously adjusts system parameters as a function of the number of tunnelled particles n. At large times, the feedback loop freezes the fluctuations of n, which leads to highly accurate, continuous single particle transfers. For the simplest case of feedback acting simultaneously on all system parameters, we show how to reconstruct the original full counting statistics from the frozen distribution.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 98(14): 146805, 2007 Apr 06.*

##### RESUMO

We study a two-level quantum dot embedded in a phonon bath and irradiated by a time-dependent ac field, and develop a method that allows us to extract simultaneously the full counting statistics of the electronic tunneling and relaxation (by phononic emission) events as well as their correlation. We find that the quantum noise of both the transmitted electrons and the emitted phonons can be controlled by the manipulation of external parameters such as the driving field intensity or the bias voltage.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 99(24): 247206, 2007 Dec 14.*

##### RESUMO

Charging a nanoscale oscillator by single electron tunneling leads to an effective double-well potential due to image charges. We combine exact numerical diagonalizations with generalized master equations and show that the resulting quantum tunneling of the mechanical degree of freedom can be visualized in the electronic current noise spectrum.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 95(7): 070402, 2005 Aug 12.*

##### RESUMO

We study the generalization of the spin-boson model to spins greater than one-half in the strong-coupling regime. This model applies to dissipative large spins as well as to ensembles of identical two-state systems coupled to a common environment. Using a combination of polaron transformations and master equations, we find nonexponential spin relaxation towards one of two possible equilibrium states. For Ohmic dissipation the relaxation is approximately logarithmic in time.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 92(20): 206601, 2004 May 21.*

##### RESUMO

We study the current noise spectrum of qubits under transport conditions in a dissipative bosonic environment. We combine (non-)Markovian master equations with correlation functions in Laplace space to derive a noise formula for both weak and strong coupling to the bath. The coherence-induced reduction of noise is diminished by weak dissipation and/or a large level separation (bias). For weak dissipation, we demonstrate that the dephasing and relaxation rates of the two-level systems can be extracted from noise. In the strong dissipation regime, the localization-delocalization transition becomes visible in the low-frequency noise.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 92(7): 073602, 2004 Feb 20.*

##### RESUMO

We consider the entanglement properties of the quantum phase transition in the single-mode superradiance model, involving the interaction of a boson mode and an ensemble of atoms. For an infinite size system, the atom-field entanglement diverges logarithmically with the correlation length exponent. Using a continuous variable representation, we compare this to the divergence of the entropy in conformal field theories and derive an exact expression for the scaled concurrence and the cusplike nonanalyticity of the momentum squeezing.