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Am J Clin Pathol ; 151(5): 479-485, 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30576407


OBJECTIVES: Rete testis invasion by germ cell tumors is frequently concomitant with lymphovascular or spermatic cord invasion (LVI/SCI); independent implications for staging are uncertain. METHODS: In total, 171 seminomas and 178 nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs; 46 had 1%-60% seminoma component) came from five institutions. Metastatic status at presentation, as a proxy for severity, was available for all; relapse data were unavailable for 152. Rete direct invasion (ReteD) and rete pagetoid spread (ReteP) were assessed. RESULTS: ReteP and ReteD were more frequent in seminoma than NSGCT. In seminoma, tumor size bifurcated at 3 cm or more or less than 3 cm predicted metastatic status. Tumors with ReteP or ReteD did not differ in size from those without invasions but were less than with LVI/SCI; metastatic status or relapse did not show differences. In NSGCT, ReteP/ReteD did not correlate with size, metastatic status, or relapse. CONCLUSIONS: Findings support retaining American Joint Committee for Cancer pathologic T1 stage designation for rete testis invasion and pT1a/pT1b substaging of seminoma.

Surg Pathol Clin ; 11(4): 759-774, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447840


Since its development between 1966 and 1977, the Gleason grading system has remained one of the most important prognostic indicators in prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma. The grading system was first majorly revised in 2005 and again in 2014. With the publication of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging manual in 2018, the classification of prostate cancer and its reporting have further evolved and are now included as part of staging criteria. This article reflects the aspects that are most influential on daily practice. A brief summary of 3 ancillary commercially available genomic tests is also provided.

Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Biópsia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/cirurgia , Genômica , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
Case Rep Nephrol ; 2014: 164694, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25136462


We describe a rare case of a 46-year-old woman with history of refractory nephrotic syndrome and hypertension who presented with worsening proteinuria and kidney function. Work-up for both autoimmune and infectious diseases and hematologic malignancies including multiple myeloma were negative. Kidney biopsy demonstrated glomerular sclerotic change with lambda light chain deposits in the subendothelial space, which is consistent with proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin deposit (PGNMID). The patient was treated with bortezomib and dexamethasone without clinical improvement and eventually became hemodialysis dependent.

J Pathol Inform ; 5(1): 18, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25057432


BACKGROUND: The case triage practice workflow model was used to manage incoming cases on a telepathology-enabled surgical pathology quality assurance (QA) service. Maximizing efficiency of workflow and the use of pathologist time requires detailed information on factors that influence telepathologists' decision-making on a surgical pathology QA service, which was gathered and analyzed in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical pathology report reviews and telepathology service logs were audited, for 1862 consecutive telepathology QA cases accrued from a single Arizona rural hospital over a 51 month period. Ten university faculty telepathologists served as the case readers. Each telepathologist had an area of subspecialty surgical pathology expertise (i.e. gastrointestinal pathology, dermatopathology, etc.) but functioned largely as a general surgical pathologist while on this telepathology-enabled QA service. They handled all incoming cases during their individual 1-h telepathology sessions, regardless of the nature of the organ systems represented in the real-time incoming stream of outside surgical pathology cases. RESULTS: The 10 participating telepathologists' postAmerican Board of pathology examination experience ranged from 3 to 36 years. This is a surrogate for age. About 91% of incoming cases were immediately signed out regardless of the subspecialty surgical pathologists' area of surgical pathology expertise. One hundred and seventy cases (9.13%) were deferred. Case concurrence rates with the provisional surgical pathology diagnosis of the referring pathologist, for incoming cases, averaged 94.3%, but ranged from 88.46% to 100% for individual telepathologists. Telepathology case deferral rates, for second opinions or immunohistochemistry, ranged from 4.79% to 21.26%. Differences in concordance rates and deferral rates among telepathologists, for incoming cases, were significant but did not correlate with years of experience as a practicing pathologist. Coincidental overlaps of the area of subspecialty surgical pathology expertise with organ-related incoming cases did not influence decisions by the telepathologists to either defer those cases or to agree or disagree with the referring pathologist's provisional diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: Subspecialty surgical pathologists effectively served as general surgical pathologists on a telepathology-based surgical pathology QA service. Concurrence rates with incoming surgical pathology report diagnoses, and case deferral rates, varied significantly among the 10 on-service telepathologists. We found no evidence that the higher deferral rates correlated with improving the accuracy or quality of the surgical pathology reports.

APMIS ; 120(4): 256-75, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22429209


Telepathology, the distant service component of digital pathology, is a growth industry. The word "telepathology" was introduced into the English Language in 1986. Initially, two different, competing imaging modalities were used for telepathology. These were dynamic (real time) robotic telepathology and static image (store-and-forward) telepathology. In 1989, a hybrid dynamic robotic/static image telepathology system was developed in Norway. This hybrid imaging system bundled these two primary pathology imaging modalities into a single multi-modality pathology imaging system. Similar hybrid systems were subsequently developed and marketed in other countries as well. It is noteworthy that hybrid dynamic robotic/static image telepathology systems provided the infrastructure for the first truly sustainable telepathology services. Since then, impressive progress has been made in developing another telepathology technology, so-called "virtual microscopy" telepathology (also called "whole slide image" telepathology or "WSI" telepathology). Over the past decade, WSI has appeared to be emerging as the preferred digital telepathology digital imaging modality. However, recently, there has been a re-emergence of interest in dynamic-robotic telepathology driven, in part, by concerns over the lack of a means for up-and-down focusing (i.e., Z-axis focusing) using early WSI processors. In 2010, the initial two U.S. patents for robotic telepathology (issued in 1993 and 1994) expired enabling many digital pathology equipment companies to incorporate dynamic-robotic telepathology modules into their WSI products for the first time. The dynamic-robotic telepathology module provided a solution to the up-and-down focusing issue. WSI and dynamic robotic telepathology are now, rapidly, being bundled into a new class of telepathology/digital pathology imaging system, the "WSI-enhanced dynamic robotic telepathology system". To date, six major WSI processor equipment companies have embraced the approach and developed WSI-enhanced dynamic-robotic digital telepathology systems, marketed under a variety of labels. Successful commercialization of such systems could help overcome the current resistance of some pathologists to incorporate digital pathology, and telepathology, into their routine and esoteric laboratory services. Also, WSI-enhanced dynamic robotic telepathology could be useful for providing general pathology and subspecialty pathology services to many of the world's underserved populations in the decades ahead. This could become an important enabler for the delivery of patient-centered healthcare in the future.

Robótica , Telepatologia , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Humanos , Microscopia/instrumentação , Microscopia/métodos , Consulta Remota/métodos , Consulta Remota/tendências , Robótica/instrumentação , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Telepatologia/instrumentação , Telepatologia/métodos , Telepatologia/tendências