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1.
J Psychosom Res ; 111: 133-139, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29935747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was a detailed comparison of the level of anxiety about surgery and anesthesia. Other objectives included the assessment of the prevalence and intensity of preoperative anxiety. METHODS: This cross-sectional single-center survey used the validated Amsterdam anxiety and information scale (APAIS) and a modified numeric rating scale (mNRS) to assess preoperative anxiety, anxiety about surgery and anxiety about anesthesia. Prevalences and intensities of anxieties were predominantly analyzed descriptively. RESULTS: 3200 patients were enrolled and 3087 (57% females) were analyzed. 92.6% reported preoperative anxiety according to APAIS scores. The average total APAIS anxiety score (APAIS-A-T) was 9.9 (SD 3.6). 40.5% reported high anxiety (defined as APAIS-A-T > 10). Mean anxiety about surgery (APAIS-A-Su) was higher than mean anxiety about anesthesia (APAIS-A-An): 5.5 (SD 2.1) vs. 4.3 (SD 1.9), p < 0.0001. Accordingly, more patients were substantially more afraid (score difference > 2) of surgery (642, 20.8%, 95% CI 19.4-22.3) than of anesthesia (48, 1.6%, 95% CI 1.2-2.1). CONCLUSION: Preoperative anxiety is still very common among adult patients scheduled to undergo an elective procedure. Therefore, it should be evaluated routinely. Anxiety about surgery and anxiety about anesthesia differ in many patients. For this reason, anxiety about surgery and anxiety about anesthesia should be assessed separately. This would allow providing a more individualized support of patients to cope with their anxiety and could require particular attention by the surgeon or the anesthetist.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Medo/fisiologia , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Objetivos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prevalência
2.
Toxicol Lett ; 263: 1-5, 2016 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27760375

RESUMO

Immune system dysfunction is a common condition in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study investigated the effect of p-Cresyl sulfate (pCS) on human cell line U937 monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) activity. MDM (1×106 cells/mL) were incubated with pCS (10, 25, or 50µg/mL), with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 25ng/mL) and then evaluated NO production, phagocytosis and antigen-presenting molecules expression (HLA-ABC, HLA-DR, CD80 and CD86). All analyses were performed by flow cytometry. All pCS concentrations were able to increase NO production (49±12.1%, 39.8±7.75%, 43.7±11.9%, respectively) compared to untreated cells (4.35±3.34%) after 6h incubation but only the lowest concentration increased this production after 12h (82.9±8.6%, 61±7.2%, 40.8±11.7%). Combined with LPS, the same results were observed. Regarding to phagocytosis, all concentrations were able to induce bead engulfment (35.4±2.71%, 30±3.04%, 23.28±4.58%). In addition, pCS (50µg/mL) was able to increase HLA-ABC and CD80 expression, showed a slight effect on HLA-DR expression and, no difference in basal CD86 levels. pCS can induce an increased oxidative burst and phagocytosis by human macrophages while no modulation of HLA-DR or CD86 expression was induced. Together, these results suggest that pCS induces macrophage activation but interfere in antigen processing, leading to a failure in adaptive immune response in CKD.


Assuntos
Apresentação do Antígeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Cresóis/toxicidade , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Explosão Respiratória/efeitos dos fármacos , Ésteres do Ácido Sulfúrico/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-1/biossíntese , Antígenos HLA/biossíntese , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células U937 , Uremia/metabolismo
3.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 33(5): 608-15, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17400421

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A prerequisite for an oncologically curative application of laser-induced thermotherapy (LITT) of liver metastases is complete tumor destruction. This increased effectiveness was achieved experimentally by combining LITT with interrupted hepatic perfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an interventional selective arterial microembolization might be as effective as complete blood flow occlusion using an open Pringle's maneuver. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases. LITT was performed without interrupted hepatic perfusion (control group) compared to LITT in combination with interrupted perfusion either by embolization of intraarterial degradable starch microspheres (DSM) (percutaneous access) or by complete hepatic inflow occlusion (Pringle's maneuver; open access). Online monitoring was performed using intraoperative ultrasound or MRI. Volumetric techniques were used to assess metastases and postinterventional lesions. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients with 104 metastases (control group (25), DSM (37), and Pringle (42)) were treated. The preinterventional tumor volumes were significantly smaller than the postinterventional lesion volumes (control group: 9.8 vs. 25.3 cm3; DSM: 9.5 vs. 65.4 cm3; Pringle: 12.9 vs. 76.5 cm3). The morbidity rate was 21.4% without treatment-related mortalities. After 6 months follow-up, tumor recurrence was diagnosed in 6 patients (control group (4), LITT with DSM (1), and Pringle (1)). CONCLUSIONS: Combining LITT with blood flow occlusion leads to a significant increase in lesion size. The application of DSM offers a safe and effective alternative to the open access with Pringle's maneuver. Compared to LITT-monotherapy, this modality achieves significantly larger thermal lesions with the need of fewer applications.


Assuntos
Fotocoagulação a Laser , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Seguimentos , Artéria Hepática , Humanos , Laparotomia , Fotocoagulação a Laser/efeitos adversos , Circulação Hepática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Perfusão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Amido/administração & dosagem
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