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1.
J Clin Med ; 10(20)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682903

RESUMO

PURPOSES: this clinical study evaluated the accuracy and execution time of a digital imaging fiber-optic transillumination (DIFOTI) technique for the detection of approximal caries in posterior teeth compared to intra-oral examination associated with bitewing radiographs. METHODS: one hundred patients were selected and submitted to clinical inspection and bitewing radiographs. The outcomes of this process were converted into scores, according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS): 0-sound tooth; 1, 2, and 3-carious lesion confined within enamel; 4, 5, and 6-dentin carious lesion. Subsequently, an independent investigator acquired digital images of the same teeth using a DIFOTI device (DIAGNOcam, Kavo Dental), which were also converted into ICDAS scores. The time required for executing diagnostic procedures was measured. The clinical sensitivity and specificity of DIFOTI were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The time necessary to perform the diagnostic methods was evaluated by Mann-Whitney U (alfa = 0.05). RESULTS: the overall test accuracy for the DIFOTI-based device ranged from 0.717 to 0.815 (area under the ROC curve) with p < 0.0001 for all ICDAS scores. Bitewing radiographs took almost twice the time required by DIFOTI (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: the DIFOTI-based device DIAGNOcam provided accurate detection of approximal caries in posterior teeth, even at early stages. The technique employed for transillumination caries diagnosis by the same device took less time than conventional bitewing radiographs. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: transillumination devices, such as DIAGNOcam, can be accurately used for caries diagnosis in approximal surfaces of posterior teeth, demanding less clinical time and without radiation-related risks.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(17)2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502989

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the influence of curing time on surface characteristics and microbiological behavior of three bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs). Materials were light-cured for either 10 s or 80 s, then finished using a standard clinical procedure. They were characterized by surface morphology (SEM), surface elemental composition (EDS), surface roughness (SR), and surface free energy (SFE). Microbiological behavior was assessed as S. mutans adherence (2 h) and biofilm formation (24 h) using a continuous-flow bioreactor. Statistical analysis included a two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). Materials differed substantially as filler shape, dimension, elemental composition and resin matrix composition. Significant differences between materials were found for SR, SFE, and microbiological behavior. Such differences were less pronounced or disappeared after prolonged photocuring. The latter yielded significantly lower adherence and biofilm formation on all tested materials, similar to conventional RBCs. Improved photoinitiators and UDMA-based resin matrix composition may explain these results. No correlation between surface characteristics and microbiological behavior can explain the similar microbiological behavior of bulk-fill materials after prolonged photocuring. This different performance of bulk-fill materials compared with conventional RBCs, where surface characteristics, especially surface chemistry, influence microbiological behavior, may have important implications for secondary caries occurrence and restoration longevity.

3.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 42(9): 496-497, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555911

RESUMO

Universal adhesives (UAs) were introduced about 10 years ago as alternative bonding systems to clinicians' demand for versatility and user-friendly clinical techniques. Clinical studies have shown that the performance of UAs is dependent on the bonding strategy used.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
4.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term microtensile bond strength (µTBS), interfacial nanoleakage expression (NL), and adhesive stability of dual-cure resin cements with/out light activation to dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Composite overlays (N = 20) were luted to deep dentin surfaces with RelyX Ultimate (RXU, 3M) or Variolink EstheticDC (VAR, Ivoclar-Vivadent). A universal adhesive was used for bonding procedures (iBond universal, Heraeus Kulzer). The resin cements were either self-cured (SC; 1 h at 37 °C) or dual-cured (DC; 20s light-cure followed by 15 min self-cure at 37 °C). Specimens were submitted to µTBS immediately (T0) or after 1 year of laboratory storage (T12). The fracture pattern was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were statistically analyzed with two-way ANOVA/Tukey test. Further, the NL was quantified and analyzed (chi-square test) and in situ zymography was performed to evaluate the endogenous enzymatic activity within the hybrid layer (HL) at T0 and T12 (Mann-Whitney test). The significance level for all statistical tests was set at p = 0.05. RESULTS: DC resulted in higher bond strength and decreased fluorescence at the adhesive interface, irrespective of the material and the storage period (p < 0.05). Significantly lower bonding performances (p < 0.05) and higher endogenous enzymatic activity (p < 0.05) were observed within the HL at T12 compared to T0 in all tested groups. CONCLUSIONS: Light-curing the dual-cure resin cements, more than the cement materials, accounted for good bonding performances and higher HL stability over time when used with a universal adhesive. Clinical significance The curing condition influences the bonding performances of dual-cure resin cements to dentin when used with a universal adhesive.

5.
Dent Mater ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To answer the following PICOS question: "Is the risk of retention loss, marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation and postoperative sensitivity (POS) equal for etch-and-rinse (EAR) compared to self-etch (SE) or selective-enamel etch (SEE) mode when restoring non carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) with universal adhesives?". METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scientific Electronic Library Online, LILACS, OpenGrey and Google Scholar™ were searched. Randomized controlled clinical trials in which resin composites and universal adhesives were used for restoration of NCCLs were considered. Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool was used to assess the risk of bias. Meta-analyses were performed using Revman; random-effects models were applied, and heterogeneity was tested using the I2 index. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Certainty of evidence was assessed by GRADE tool. RESULTS: After screening, 20 articles were included in qualitative, while 14 articles were used for quantitative synthesis. Twelve studies ranked as "low", while 8 studies scored as "unclear" for risk of bias. At 12- and 18/24-months the risk for retention loss was higher for SE than for EAR groups (p = 0.005; RR = 0.22, 95% CI [0.08, 0.63],[moderate certainty of evidence and p = 0.0002; RR = 0.32, 95% CI [0.17, 0.58], moderate certainty of evidence, respectively). No significant differences were observed for marginal discoloration and adaptation (p > 0.05). The probability of POS occurrence was less in SE than in EAR groups (RR = 2.12, 95% CI [1.23, 3.64], moderate certainty of evidence). The certainty of evidence for other outcomes was scored as "low" or "moderate", depending on the follow-up period. SIGNIFICANCE: Using universal adhesives in EAR or SEE mode provides more predictable retention, while SE strategy reduces the risk of POS occurrence.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445554

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of chitosan polymer on dentinal enzymatic activity by means of gelatin and in situ zymography. Human dentin was frozen and ground in a miller. Dentin powder aliquots were demineralized with phosphoric acid and treated with three different concentrations of lyophilized chitosan polymer (1, 0.5 and 0.1 wt%) dissolved in distilled water. Dentin proteins were extracted from each experimental group and electrophoresed under non-reducing conditions in 10% SDS-PAGE containing fluorescein-labeled gelatin. After 48 h in the incubation buffer at 37 °C, proteolytic activity was registered under long-wave UV light scanner and quantified by using Image J software. Furthermore, additional teeth (n = 4) were prepared for the in situ zymographic analysis in unrestored as well as restored dentin pretreated with the same chitosan primers. The registered enzymatic activity was directly proportional to the chitosan concentration and higher in the restored dentin groups (p < 0.05), except for the 0.1% chitosan primer. Chitosan 0.1% only showed faint expression of enzymatic activity compared to 1% and 0.5% concentrations. Chitosan 0.1% dissolved in water can produce significant reduction in MMPs activity and could possibly contribute to bond strength preservation over time.


Assuntos
Quelantes/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Dentina/enzimologia , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
7.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(14)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300961

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in tooth development and influence caries development and hybrid layer degradation. Literature is scant on the differences in the activity of MMPs between primary and permanent dentine. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to investigate endogenous gelatinolytic activity in primary and permanent dentine. Separate batches of dentine powder were obtained from intact human primary and permanent molars (n = 6). Each batch was divided in two subgroups: (1) mineralised; and (2) demineralised with 10% H3PO4. After protein extraction, gelatine zymography was performed. Furthermore, in situ zymography was performed on dentine sections of the same groups (n = 3). The slices were polished, covered with fluorescein-conjugated gelatine and evaluated using a confocal microscope. In situ zymography data were analysed using two-way analysis of variance and post hoc Holm-Sidák statistics (α = 0.05). Primary dentine showed poorly defined bands in the zymograms that vaguely corresponded to the pro-form and active form of MMP-2 and the pro-form of MMP-9. In permanent dentine, demineralised powder demonstrated stronger gelatinolytic activity than mineralised powder. In situ zymography identified stronger enzymatic activity in primary etched dentine (p < 0.05). Stronger enzymatic activity recorded in primary dentine may be related to the differences in morphology and composition between primary and permanent dentine.

9.
J Dent ; 112: 103722, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present narrative review was focused on the optical properties, surface treatment, adhesion, and clinical indications of zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramics (ZLS) for Computer-aided design / Computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technologies. DATA/SOURCES: A literature search was performed by 3 calibrated independent researchers on PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Google Scholar, Dynamed, and Open Grey. The criteria for inclusion were: 1) papers addressing at least one of the following variables about ZLS: optical properties, surface treatment, adhesion, and clinical indications; 2) in vitro, in silico, or in vivo studies; 3) case reports; 4) systematic reviews. The exclusion criteria were: 1) animal studies; 2) non-dental studies; 3) studies only focusing on ZLS used in the heat-pressed process. STUDY SELECTION: 98 records among in vitro studies and case reports were included. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the promising microstructure characteristics of ZLS, increased translucency compared to lithium disilicate ceramics (LS2) was not proven, but acceptable color changes and stability were reported. Mechanical polishing was the most effective method to reduce surface roughness. Moreover, machinability and handling of ZLS resulted harder than LS2. Conventional acid etching procedures seemed effective in conditioning ZLS surface, but no protocol has been established yet. Besides, silane-coupling and dual-curing resin cements were recommended. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: ZLSs can be used for anterior and posterior fixed single-unit CAD/CAM restorations onto both natural teeth and implants, but do not seem to represent a viable treatment option for endocrowns onto posterior teeth or fixed dental prostheses.

10.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 528-534, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34108297

RESUMO

Purpose Under thin, partial coverage restoration the proper cement thickness to be clinically employed still remains an issue. The aim of this study was to determine the failure and success rates of simplified lithium disilicate occlusal veneers as a function of cement thickness. The null hypothesis was that cement thickness has no effect on the fatigue resistance.Methods Sound human molars were severed in a plane parallel to the occlusal surface to create a flat dentin surface surrounded by enamel edges. Forty-five occlusal veneers 1.0 mm thick (IPS e.max CAD LT) were luted to the teeth with Multilink Automix resin cement, creating 3 experimental groups (n=15) with cement thicknesses of 50, 100, and 200 µm. The restorations were fatigue-cycled using a ball mill machine containing zirconia and stainless steel spheres. Twelve 60 min cycles were performed. Survival statistics were applied to "failure" and "success" events, comparing the three groups using a log-rank Mantel-Cox test and a log-rank test for trends (alpha = 0.05).Results The failure and success rates were not significantly influenced by cement thickness (P = 0.137 and P = 0.872, respectively); thus, the null hypothesis was accepted. However, when log-rank test for trends was applied to failure events, the tendency to have less failures with increasing thicknesses was found statistically significant (P = 0.047).Conclusions The cement thickness within the range adopted here did not have a significant effect on the failure or success rate of lithium disilicate occlusal veneers when exposed to randomized impact stresses generating fatigue phenomena.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
11.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 152(7): 560-566, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Severely molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH)-affected teeth are prone to develop early posteruptive enamel breakdown (PEB) and caries. A novel conservative interim approach for the prevention of this complication is presented. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 6-year-old boy with strong hypersensitivity and extensive brown opacities in the partially erupted mandibular permanent first molars (PFMs) was diagnosed with MIH. Constant hygiene and dietary counseling were followed by the application of luted orthodontic bands and glass ionomer sealants to protect PFMs from caries and PEB until the complete eruption of the teeth. After 36 months, the PFMs were completely erupted, with no caries and PEB, and the cooperation of the child increased. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Temporary strategies are useful to preserve MIH-affected PFMs. With the methodology described, the hypersensitivity decreased and the patient reached a good degree of cooperation, making possible definitive rehabilitative considerations.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Criança , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Esmalte Dentário , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/etiologia , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Dente Molar , Prevalência
12.
Acta Biomater ; 129: 138-147, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023457

RESUMO

Nine antibacterial di-methacrylate monomers based on bis-quaternary ammonium salts (bis-QAMs) were synthesized and structurally characterized. The biological activity of the bis-QAMs was tested in terms of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) on different bacterial strains achieving promising results and, in most cases, a complete bactericidal effect using a bis-QAM concentration lower than 1 mg/mL. Two of the structures showed comparable and superior activity against S. mutans than the commercial monomer 12-methacryloyloxydodecyl pyridinium bromide (MDBP). All the bis-QAMs here described were able to inhibit S. mutans biofilm formation at a concentration equal to the MIC value. From the analysis of the obtained data, some correlation regarding the structure and the antibacterial activity of the bis-QAMs could be drawn: a flexible alkyl C12 spacer between the two quaternary ammonium moieties increased the monomer antibacterial effect in comparison to the aromatic ones; the equilibrium between hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties was directly correlated to the bactericidal range of action; the increase of the steric hindrance of the ammonium side groups might be both advantageous or disadvantageous to the antibacterial efficacy depending on the whole monomer chemical structure. Even though the possible correlation between the monomer structures and their bacteriostatic or bactericidal effect is under investigation, the monomers exhibited low cytotoxicity on human dental pulp stem cells, confirming their promising potential in the dental materials' field. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The use of dental resins with antibacterial monomers might prevent the formation of secondary caries at the restoration margins. For this purpose, a series of di-methacrylate bis-quaternary ammonium monomers (QAMs) was developed. Unlike antibacterial mono-methacrylate monomers already described in the literature, the synthesized di-methacrylate monomers have the potential of acting as cross-linkers stabilizing the polymeric network and bear two quaternary ammonium groups that increase their antibacterial ability. The QAMs exert bactericidal activity on both Gram(+) and Gram(-) bacterial strains maintaining at the same time good biocompatibility with the oral environment. Some structural elements of the monomers were clearly related to high antibacterial properties, and this can help design new active structures and better understand their mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Metacrilatos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Humanos , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/farmacologia , Streptococcus mutans
14.
J Dent ; 109: 103661, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed to provide a literature review of the mechanical and biological properties of zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass-ceramics (ZLS) in Computer-aided design / Computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems. DATA/SOURCES: An extensive search of the literature for papers related to ZLS was made on the databases of PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Embase, Google Scholar, Dynamed, and Open Grey. The papers were selected by 3 independent calibrated reviewers. STUDY SELECTION: The search strategy produced 937 records. After the removal of duplicates and the exclusion of papers that did not meet the inclusion criteria, 71 papers were included. CONCLUSIONS: After reviewing the included records, it was found that two types of ZLS (Vita Suprinity PC; Vita Zahnfabrik and Celtra Duo; Dentsply Sirona) are nowadays available on the market for CAD/CAM systems, similar in their chemical composition, microstructure, and biological-mechanical properties. ZLS is reported to be a biocompatible material, whose fracture resistance can withstand physiological chewing loads. The firing process influences the improvements of strength and fatigue failure load, with a volumetric shrinkage. To date, ZLS can be considered a viable alternative to other glass-ceramics for fixed single restorations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: . As to biocompatibility and mechanical properties of ZLS, data are still scarce, often controversial and limited to short-term observational periods. These promising ceramics require further in vitro/in vivo studies to accurately define mechanical and biological properties, mainly in the long-term performance of restorations produced with such materials.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Lítio , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Silicatos , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(8): 2004014, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33898183

RESUMO

The oral cavity and oropharynx are complex environments that are susceptible to physical, chemical, and microbiological insults. They are also common sites for pathological and cancerous changes. The effectiveness of conventional locally-administered medications against diseases affecting these oral milieus may be compromised by constant salivary flow. For systemically-administered medications, drug resistance and adverse side-effects are issues that need to be resolved. New strategies for drug delivery have been investigated over the last decade to overcome these obstacles. Synthesis of nanoparticle-containing agents that promote healing represents a quantum leap in ensuring safe, efficient drug delivery to the affected tissues. Micro/nanoencapsulants with unique structures and properties function as more favorable drug-release platforms than conventional treatment approaches. The present review provides an overview of newly-developed nanocarriers and discusses their potential applications and limitations in various fields of dentistry and oral medicine.

16.
J Dent ; 108: 103641, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757864

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate, by means of microtensile bond strength test (µTBS), nanoleakage expression analysis (NL), gelatin zymography and in situ zymography, the effects of an experimental metal salt-based zirconium oxynitrate etchant [ZrO(NO3)2,] - ZON with two simplified adhesives on long-term bond strength and endogenous enzymatic activities. METHODS: Middle/deep coronal dentin surfaces (N = 32) were conditioned either with a traditional 37 % H3PO4 etchant (TE) or with ZON. Further, a single-component etch-and-rinse adhesive (EF) or a universal adhesive (AU) were applied and µTBS and NL tests were performed. Additional freshly extracted teeth were processed for gelatin zymography and in situ zymography evaluation. The tests were performed at baseline and (T0) and after 1-year-aging (T12). Bond strength and in situ zymography results were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) (three-way and one-way, respectively), while Chi-squared test was used for the NL results. Statistical significance was preset at α = 0.05. RESULTS: All the investigated factors (adhesive system, dentin conditioner and aging) significantly influenced µTBS, with the AU and ZON performing better compared to EF and TE, respectively, and with lower bond strength values after aging (p < 0.05). Incremented silver nitrate deposits were observed at the adhesive interfaces after aging, especially for the TE groups (p < 0.05). Further, the experimental groups treated with ZON had significantly lower levels of enzymatic activity compared to TE, as shown by gelatin and in situ zymography (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The experimental etchant demonstrated promising results in hybrid-layer preservation over time when used with simplified bonding systems, and could therefore be recommended in the clinical practice.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Zircônio
17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(8): 5067-5075, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33569677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are a family of enzymes that operate a proteolytic activity at the level of the extracellular matrix. MMPs are regulated by tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) that can ubiquitously bind different enzyme forms. The study aims to identify a morfo-functional association between TIMP-1 and MMP-2 and -9 in human dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proteins were extracted from demineralized human sound dentin powder and centrifuged to separate two aliquots with different molecular weights of proteins, higher and lower than 30 kDa. In each aliquot, the evaluation of the presence of TIMP-1/MMP-2 and TIMP-1/MMP-9 was performed using co-immunoprecipitation/immunoblotting analysis. The distribution of TIMP-1, in association with MMP-2 and -9, was investigated using a double immunohistochemical technique. Furthermore, the activity of TIMP-1 was measured by reverse zymography, where acrylamide gel was copolymerized with gelatin and recombinant MMP-2. RESULTS: Co-immunoprecipitation/immunoblotting analysis showed the association TIMP-1/MMP-2 and TIMP-1/MMP-9 in human sound dentin. Electron microscopy evaluation revealed a diffuse presence of TIMP-1 tightly associated with MMP-2 and -9. Reverse zymography analysis confirmed that TIMP-1 present in human dentin is active and can bind different MMPs isoforms. CONCLUSIONS: The strict association of TIMP-1 with MMP-2 and -9 in situ appeared a constant finding in the human sound dentin. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Considering the role of TIMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 within the connective tissues, clinically applicable protocols could be developed in the future to increase or decrease the level of TIMPs in human dentin to regulate the activity of MMPs, contributing to reduce caries progression and collagen degradation.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1 , Dentina , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Inibidores Teciduais de Metaloproteinases
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528460

RESUMO

This study aimed to histologically analyze the bony tissue formed around dental implants after osseointegration. A 58-year-old patient presented with pain and discomfort caused by two dental implants in her maxilla placed 8 months earlier. At clinical and radiographic analysis, the implants appeared well osseointegrated but tilted buccally, emerging in nonkeratinized mucosa. For this reason, the discomfort began right after the prosthetic load, 4 months after implant placement, and the patient felt pain when wearing the implant-supported removable prosthesis. Both implants were made of titanium, airborne-particle abraded with zirconium oxide, and etched with mineral acids. The implants were removed, preserving the bone around the implant threads, and replaced with two new implants, inserted in a prosthetically guided, correct position. The removed implants were histologically observed. Histologic analysis showed good bone-to-implant contact, mature bone with few marrow spaces, presence of direct connecting bridges between the peri-implant bone trabeculae and the implant surface, and no inflammatory cells nor connective fibrous tissue ingrowth. This study showed that dental implants coated with a rough surface were properly osseointegrated, with no inflammatory signs nor connective fibrous tissue ingrowth, 8 months after placement.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Osseointegração , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio
19.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 33(1): 69-77, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368999

RESUMO

To discuss the effectiveness of chlorhexidine (CHX) used as therapeutic dentin primer in adhesively bonded composite restorations. OVERVIEW: An electronic search in MEDLINE database, accessed through PubMed was conducted. No restrictions of languages and date of publication were made. The following key words were used: "chlorhexidine", "composite" and "composite resins." Clinical studies in which CHX was used during bonding procedures were included in this review. Six studies met the inclusion criteria. Of these, five studies were carried out on noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL). Only one study was carried out on class II preparation of permanent molars. In all studies, either etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesive systems were used during bonding procedures. On the basis of the reviewed clinical trials, it can be concluded that CHX primer application does not seem to influence clinical outcome of composite restorations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Current scientific evidence cannot neither strongly recommend nor discourage the application of CHX as therapeutic primer in composite restorations. Studies with longer follow-up periods with adhesive restorations placed on dentin after caries removal, rather than only on NCCL, are desirable to further investigate the therapeutic effect of CHX during bonding procedures.


Assuntos
Clorexidina , Colagem Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos de Resina
20.
Caries Res ; 54(5-6): 1-7, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33291110

RESUMO

AIM: To provide recommendations for dental clinicians for the management of dental caries in older adults with special emphasis on root caries lesions. METHODS: A consensus workshop followed by a Delphi consensus process were conducted with an expert panel nominated by ORCA, EFCD, and DGZ boards. Based on a systematic review of the literature, as well as non-systematic literature search, recommendations for clinicians were developed and consented in a two-stage Delphi process. RESULTS: Demographic and epidemiologic changes will significantly increase the need of management of older adults and root caries in the future. Ageing is associated with a decline of intrinsic capacities and an increased risk of general diseases. As oral and systemic health are linked, bidirectional consequences of diseases and interventions need to be considered. Caries prevention and treatment in older adults must respond to the patient's individual abilities for self-care and cooperation and often involves the support of caregivers. Systemic interventions may involve dietary counselling, oral hygiene instruction, the use of fluoridated toothpastes, and the stimulation of salivary flow. Local interventions to manage root lesions may comprise local biofilm control, application of highly fluoridated toothpastes or varnishes as well as antimicrobial agents. Restorative treatment is often compromised by the accessibility of such root caries lesions as well as the ability of the senior patient to cooperate. If optimum restorative treatment is impossible or inappropriate, long-term stabilization, e.g., by using glass-ionomer cements, and palliative treatments that aim to maintain oral function as long and as well as possible may be the treatment of choice for the individual.

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