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1.
Haematologica ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440924

RESUMO

Pediatric-onset Evans syndrome (pES) is defined by both immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) before the age of 18 years. There have been no comprehensive long-term studies of this rare disease, which can be associated to various immunopathological manifestations (IMs). We report outcomes of the 151 patients with pES and more than 5 years of follow-up from the nationwide French prospective OBS'CEREVANCE cohort. Median age at final follow-up was 18.5 (6.8-50.0) years and the median follow-up period was 11.3 (5.1-38.0) years. At 10 years, ITP and AIHA were in sustained complete remission in 54.5% and 78.4% of patients, respectively. The frequency and number of clinical and biological IMs increased with age: at 20 years old, 74% had at least one clinical cIM. A wide range of cIMs occurred, mainly lymphoproliferation, dermatological, gastrointestinal/hepatic and pneumological IMs. The number of cIMs was associated with a subsequent increase in the number of second-line treatments received (other than steroids and immunoglobulins; hazard ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-1.60; p = 0.0002, Cox proportional hazards method). Survival at 15 years after diagnosis was 84%. Death occurred at a median age of 18 (1.7-31.5) years, and the most frequent cause was infection. The number of second-line treatments and severe/recurrent infections were independently associated with mortality. In conclusion, longterm outcomes of pES showed remission of cytopenias but frequent IMs linked to high secondline treatment burden. Mortality was associated to drugs and/or underlying immunodeficiencies, and adolescents-young adults are a high-risk subgroup.

2.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(9): e28486, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients with Li-Fraumeni-associated rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). METHOD: Retrospective analysis of data from 31 French patients with RMS diagnosed before the age of 20 years associated with a TP53 pathogenic germline variant. Cases were identified through the French Li-Fraumeni database. Central histologic review was performed in 16 cases. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 2.3 years, and the median follow-up was 9.1 years (0.3-34.8). The main tumor sites were head and neck (n = 13), extremities (n = 8), and trunk (n = 8). The local pathology report classified the 31 tumors in embryonal (n = 26), alveolar (n = 1), pleomorphic (n = 1), and spindle-cell (n = 1) RMS (missing = 2). After histological review, anaplasia (diffuse or focal) was reported in 12/16 patients. Twenty-five patients had localized disease, three had lymph node involvement, and three distant metastases. First-line therapy combined surgery (n = 27), chemotherapy (n = 30), and radiotherapy (n = 14) and led to RMS control in all, but one patient. Eleven patients relapsed, and 18 patients had second malignancies. The 10-year event-free, progression-free, and overall survival rates were 36% (95% CI: 20-56), 62% (95% CI: 43-77) and 76% (95% CI: 56-88), respectively. The 10-year cumulative risk of second malignancies was 40% (95% CI: 22-60). CONCLUSION: The high incidence of multiple primary tumors strongly influences the long-term prognosis of RMS associated with TP53 pathogenic germline variants. Anaplastic RMS in childhood, independently of the familial history, should lead to TP53 analysis at treatment initiation to reduce, whenever possible, the burden of genotoxic drugs and radiotherapy in carriers and to ensure the early detection of second malignancies.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Rabdomiossarcoma , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rabdomiossarcoma/genética , Rabdomiossarcoma/mortalidade , Rabdomiossarcoma/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(4): e28186, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and outcome of pediatric ovarian immature teratomas (IT) to better define the place of chemotherapy. METHODS: Children with ovarian IT enrolled in TGM95 and TGM2013 studies were analyzed. Norris grading and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging system were used. RESULTS: Thirty-six cases were identified with a median age of 11 years (range = 1-18): 35 of 36 stage I (17 stage IA, 13 stage IC, and 5 stage IX), including seven patients with gliomatosis peritonei (GP), and 1 stage IIIB (IT peritoneal implants). Centrally reviewed Norris grading was performed in 31 cases: 14 grade I and 17 grade II/III tumors. All patients underwent upfront surgery: 19 unilateral oophorectomy, 14 unilateral adnexectomy, 2 unilateral cystectomy, and 1 bilateral cystectomy. No extensive GP surgery was performed. Six patients received adjuvant vinblastin, bleomycin, and cisplatinum because of tumor rupture (n = 5, including two patients with GP) or stage III (n = 1). After a median follow-up of 39.5 months (range = 6-238), two events occurred 10 and 11 months after diagnosis: one bilateralization (initial stage IX, grade I) and one IT peritoneal relapse (initial stage IA, grade II), respectively. Both were successfully rescued by platinum-based chemotherapy and delayed surgery. No stage IC patients treated without adjuvant chemotherapy relapsed (four grade I and three grade III). None of the seven patients with GP progressed. Five-year event-free survival and overall survival were 94% (95% CI = 81-98%) and 100%. CONCLUSIONS: The current series confirms the excellent prognosis of pediatric ovarian IT, arguing for conservative surgical approach in GP and against systematic adjuvant chemotherapy, even in ruptured tumors.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Ovariectomia , Teratoma , Adolescente , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , França , Humanos , Lactente , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Teratoma/mortalidade , Teratoma/terapia , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
4.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(7): 702-712, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401750

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) are at risk of serious complications. However, data on the incidence and causes of emergency hospital admissions are scarce. The primary objective of the present study was to describe emergency hospital admissions among patients with PID, with a view to identifying "at-risk" patient profiles. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational 12-month multicenter study in France via the CEREDIH network of regional PID reference centers from November 2010 to October 2011. All patients with PIDs requiring emergency hospital admission were included. RESULTS: A total of 200 admissions concerned 137 patients (73 adults and 64 children, 53% of whom had antibody deficiencies). Thirty admissions were reported for 16 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. When considering the 170 admissions of non-transplant patients, 149 (85%) were related to acute infections (respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract infections in 72 (36%) and 34 (17%) of cases, respectively). Seventy-seven percent of the admissions occurred during winter or spring (December to May). The in-hospital mortality rate was 8.8% (12 patients); death was related to a severe infection in 11 cases (8%) and Epstein-Barr virus-induced lymphoma in 1 case. Patients with a central venous catheter (n = 19, 13.9%) were significantly more hospitalized for an infection (94.7%) than for a non-infectious reason (5.3%) (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the annual incidence of emergency hospital admission among patients with PID is 3.4%. The leading cause of emergency hospital admission was an acute infection, and having a central venous catheter was associated with a significantly greater risk of admission for an infectious episode.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Hospitalização , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/epidemiologia , Adulto , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças Transmissíveis/etiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/diagnóstico , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/etiologia , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/terapia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Am J Med Genet A ; 173(1): 62-71, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27615324

RESUMO

Neutropenia can be qualified as congenital when of neonatal onset or when associated with extra-hematopoietic manifestations. Overall, 30% of patients with congenital neutropenia (CN) remain without a molecular diagnosis after a multidisciplinary consultation and tedious diagnostic strategy. In the rare situations when neutropenia is identified and associated with intellectual disability (ID), there are few diagnostic hypotheses to test. This retrospective multicenter study reports on a clinically heterogeneous cohort of 10 unrelated patients with CN associated with ID and no molecular diagnosis prior to whole-exome sequencing (WES). WES provided a diagnostic yield of 40% (4/10). The results suggested that in many cases neutropenia and syndromic manifestations could not be assigned to the same molecular alteration. Three sub-groups of patients were highlighted: (i) severe, symptomatic chronic neutropenia, detected early in life, and related to a known mutation in the CN spectrum (ELANE); (ii) mild to moderate benign intermittent neutropenia, detected later, and associated with mutations in genes implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders (CHD2, HUWE1); and (iii) moderate to severe intermittent neutropenia as a probably undiagnosed feature of a newly reported syndrome (KAT6A). Unlike KAT6A, which seems to be associated with a syndromic form of CN, the other reported mutations may not explain the entire clinical picture. Although targeted gene sequencing can be discussed for the primary diagnosis of severe CN, we suggest that performing WES for the diagnosis of disorders associating CN with ID will not only provide the etiological diagnosis but will also pave the way towards personalized care and follow-up. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Exoma , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Neutropenia/congênito , Adolescente , Biomarcadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Síndrome Congênita de Insuficiência da Medula Óssea , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neutropenia/diagnóstico , Neutropenia/genética , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome
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