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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) through right mini-thoracotomy as well as robotic surgery has emerged for the last decade for mitral valve surgery. However, their risks and benefits are not fully understood yet. Thus, we conducted a network meta-analysis comparing the early- and long-term outcomes of mitral valve surgery via the conventional sternotomy, MICS, and robotic approaches. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched through November, 2020 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and propensity-score matched (PSM) trials that investigated early- and long-term outcomes after mitral surgery via the conventional sternotomy, MICS, and robotic approaches. A subalalysis focusing on only subjects who initially underwent mitral valve repair was also conducted. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Our systematic literature search identified 2 RCTs and 19 PSM studies. MICS was related to significant risk reductions of permanent pacemaker implantation, surgical site infection, and transfusion compared to the sternotomy approach. The robotic approach was associated with a significant increase in re-exploration for bleeding compared to sternotomy. The subanalysis showed that MICS was associated with a significant increase requiring mitral valve reoperation compared to the sternotomy approach (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] =7.33 [1.54-34.97], p=0.012), while no significant difference was observed between the sternotomy and the robotic approach. CONCLUSIONS: Our network meta-analysis demonstrated that MICS was associated with better short-term outcomes compared to the sternotomy approach. Mitral valve reoperation was more frequent with MICS compared with the sternotomy approach after mitral valve repair, while no difference was observed between the sternotomy and robotic approaches.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628475

RESUMO

Data regarding the safety and efficacy of COVID-10 vaccines among cancer patients are lacking. Factors such as age, underlying disease and antineoplastic treatment confer negatively to the immune response due to vaccination. The degree of immunosuppression though may be lessen by targeted treatments like the androgen receptor-targeted agents (ARTA) that are commonly used in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Herein, we report our data on 25 patients with prostate cancer under treatment with ARTA who were vaccinated for COVID-19. Our data suggest that these patients develop neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 similarly to healthy volunteers. No safety issues were noted.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643836

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Effective platelet inhibition prior to elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces the risk of ischemic complications. Newer P2Y12 inhibitors are preferred agents over clopidogrel for patients presenting with the acute coronary syndrome. However, the comparative efficacy and safety of them over clopidogrel in elective PCI is unclear. We performed a network meta-analysis to compare the safety and efficacy of loading strategies of P2Y12 inhibitors in patients undergoing elective PCI. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCT) up to June 2021 to compare the safety and effectiveness of different loading strategies of P2Y12 inhibitors before elective PCI. The endpoints of interest were overall mortality, rates of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, revascularization, and major bleeding. Random effects model using the frequentist approach was used to perform a network meta-analysis using R software. RESULTS: Five trials with a total of 5194 patients were included in our analysis. For ischemic outcomes, including MI, stroke, and revascularization, prasugrel had the most favorable trend. However, clopidogrel had the highest probability of being most effective for major bleeding and all-cause mortality. None of these trends was statistically significant due to lack of power for each outcome. CONCLUSION: Although prasugrel and ticagrelor are known as more potent antiplatelet agents, their effects in preventing MI and stroke are marginal and do not translate into improved overall mortality and bleeding compared with clopidogrel.

4.
Breast ; 60: 58-61, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481366

RESUMO

Undoubtedly, the development of COVID-19 vaccines displays a critical step towards ending this devastating pandemic, considering their protective benefits in the general population. Yet, data regarding their efficacy and safety in cancer patients are limited. Herein we provide the initial analysis of immune responses after the first dose of vaccination in 21 breast cancer patients receiving cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors. The levels of neutralizing antibodies post vaccination were similar to the matched healthy controls, whereas no safety issues have been raised. Further exploration is needed to reduce the uncertainty of SARS-CoV-2 immunity among cancer patients under treatment.

5.
Blood Adv ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529762

RESUMO

The urgency of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to accelerated vaccine development within less than a year. Immunocompromised patients with hematological malignancies are more susceptible to COVID-19 and at higher risk of severe complications and worse outcomes compared with general population. In this context, we evaluated the humoral response by determining the titers of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against SARS-CoV-2 in patients with Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (WM) after vaccination with the BNT162b2 or AZD1222 vaccine. An FDA-approved, ELISA-based methodology was implemented to evaluate NAbs on the day of the first vaccine shot, as well as on day 22 and 50 afterwards. 106 patients with WM (43% males, median age 73 years) and 212 healthy controls (46% males, median age 66 years) who were vaccinated during the same period, at the same center were enrolled in the study (which is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT04743388). Our data indicate that vaccination with either 2 doses of the BNT162b2 or 1 dose of the AZD1222 vaccine leads to lower production of NAbs against SARS-CoV-2 in patients with WM compared with controls both on day 22 and on day 50 (P<0.001 for all comparisons). Disease-related immune dysregulation and therapy-related immunosuppression are involved in the low humoral response. Importantly, active treatment with either Rituximab or Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase inhibitors was proven as an independent prognostic factor for suboptimal antibody response following vaccination. In conclusion, patients with WM have low humoral response following COVID-19 vaccination, which underlines the need for timely vaccination ideally during a treatment-free period and for continuous vigilance on infection control measures.

6.
Amyloid ; : 1-7, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The utilization and clinical impact of beta-blockers (BBs) in cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is largely unexplored. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center analysis of indications, timing of initiation, types and doses of BB used, reasons to discontinue BB and association between BB tolerance and outcomes in a cohort of patients with immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis (AL). RESULTS: We reviewed 236 patients with AL CA and identified 53 patients taking BB (22.5%). Most patients presented in New York Heart Association Class (NYHA) II or III (74.5%) and 24% presented in Mayo stage IIIB. The most frequent indications for BB initiation were atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease (CAD). In most cases (59%) BB was started before the diagnosis of CA. The median duration of BB treatment was 9 months (interquartile range [IQR] 3-24 months). Among patients receiving BB, 28 tolerated BB during follow-up whereas 25 patients discontinued BB. The main causes of BB discontinuation were hypotension and heart failure (HF) exacerbation. Patients intolerant to BB presented with more advanced NYHA class, worse performance status and lower median left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline. At median follow-up duration of 17.7 months, patients who did not tolerate BB had a poor survival. CONCLUSIONS: Although some patients with CA may have indications for treatment with BB, their use is uncommon and those with more advanced disease tolerate BB poorly. Intolerance to BB in patients with cardiac AL is an indicator of poorer outcome.

7.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528249

RESUMO

Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have a suboptimal antibody response following vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and lower seroconversion rates following coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) compared with healthy individuals. In this context, we evaluated the development of neutralising antibodies (NAbs) against SARS-CoV-2 in non-vaccinated patients with MM and COVID-19 compared with patients after vaccination with two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine. Serum was collected either four weeks post confirmed diagnosis or four weeks post a second dose of BNT162b2. NAbs were measured with a Food and Drug Administration-approved enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methodology. Thirty-five patients with COVID-19 and MM along with 35 matched patients were included. The two groups did not differ in age, sex, body mass index, prior lines of therapy, disease status, lymphocyte count, immunoglobulin levels and comorbidities. Patients with MM and COVID-19 showed a superior humoral response compared with vaccinated patients with MM. The median (interquartile range) NAb titre was 87·6% (71·6-94%) and 58·7% (21·4-91·8%) for COVID-19-positive and vaccinated patients, respectively (P = 0·01).Importantly, there was no difference in NAb production between COVID-19-positive and vaccinated patients who did not receive any treatment (median NAb 85·1% vs 91·7%, P = 0·14). In conclusion, our data indicate that vaccinated patients with MM on treatment without prior COVID-19 should be considered for booster vaccine doses.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(17)2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503290

RESUMO

Emerging data suggest suboptimal antibody responses to COVID-19 vaccination in patients with hematological malignancies. We evaluated the humoral response following the BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). An FDA-approved, ELISA-based methodology was implemented to evaluate the titers of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against SARS-CoV-2 on day 1 of the first vaccine, and afterwards on day 22 and 50. One hundred and thirty-two patients with CLL/lymphomas and 214 healthy matched controls vaccinated during the same period, at the same center were enrolled in the study (NCT04743388). Vaccination with two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine led to lower production of NAbs against SARS-CoV-2 in patients with CLL/lymphomas compared with controls both on day 22 and on day 50 (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). Disease-related immune dysregulation and therapy-related immunosuppression are involved in the low humoral response. Importantly, active treatment with Rituximab, Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors, or chemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor for suboptimal antibody response. Patients with HL showed superior humoral responses to the NHL/CLL subgroups. In conclusion, patients with CLL/lymphomas have low humoral response following COVID-19 vaccination, underlining the need for timely vaccination ideally during a treatment-free period and for continuous vigilance on infection control measures.

9.
Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes ; 5(5): 891-897, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405131

RESUMO

To evaluate the association of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) initial viral load (iVL) and the incidence of myocardial injury (MCI) in hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection, we conducted a retrospective longitudinal study of hospitalized patients who had a nasopharyngeal swab sample on admission that returned a positive result for SARS-CoV-2 by polymerase chain reaction between April 4 and June 5, 2020. The cycle threshold (Ct) value was used as a surrogate for the iVL level, with a Ct level of 36 or less for elevated iVL and greater than 36 for low iVL. Myocardial injury was defined as an elevated high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I level that was higher than the 99th percentile upper reference limit. A total of 270 patients were included. Of these, 171 (63.3%) had an elevated iVL and 88 (32.6%) had MCI. There was no significant difference in the incidence of MCI in patients with low iVL compared to those with elevated iVL (28 of 99 [28.3%] vs 60 of 171 [35.1%]; P=.25). In a multivariable model, MCI (odds ratio, 3.86; 95% CI, 1.80 to 8.34; P<.001) and elevated iVL (odds ratio, 4.21; 95% CI, 2.06 to 8.61; P<.001) were independent and incremental predictors of in-hospital mortality. The SARS-CoV-2 iVL level is not associated with increased incidence of MCI, although both parameters are strong independent and incremental predictors of mortality. Understanding the MCI mechanisms allows for early focused interventions to improve survival, especially in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection and high iVL.

10.
Am J Cardiol ; 157: 79-84, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34366113

RESUMO

It has not been well studied whether transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) have lower risk of ischemic stroke (IS) in those with prior history of IS. From the Nationwide Readmission Database from October 2015 to November 2017, TAVI and SAVR above age 50 were identified with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification/Procedure Coding System codes. Transapical TAVI and SAVR with concomitant bypass, mitral, or tricuspid surgery were excluded. The primary outcome was in-hospital IS. A total of 92,435 TAVI (13,292 with prior stroke) and 68,651 SAVR (5,365 with prior stroke) were identified. In-hospital IS was significantly lower in TAVI compared with SAVR (3.7% vs 8.0%, adjusted odds ratio 0.65, 95% confidence interval 0.47 to 0.89, p <0.01) with prior stroke whereas it was similar between TAVI and SAVR (1.7% vs 2.1%, adjusted odds ratio 0.97, 95% confidence interval 0.78 to 1.19, p = 0.75) in those without prior stroke (P interaction < 0.001). In-hospital mortality, acute kidney injury, and bleeding were lower in TAVI compared with SAVR in patients with and without prior stroke (P interaction > 0.05 for all). This analysis of a national claims database showed that TAVI was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital IS compared with SAVR among patients with prior stroke.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , AVC Isquêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(5): 4211-4217, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-operative stroke increases morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Data on characteristics and outcomes of stroke after heart transplantation (HTx) are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database from 2009 to 2020 to identify adults who developed stroke after orthotropic HTx. Heart transplant recipients were divided according to the presence or absence of post-operative stroke. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. A total of 25 015 HT recipients were analysed, including 719 (2.9%) patients who suffered a post-operative stroke. The stroke rates increased from 2.1% in 2009 to 3.7% in 2019, and the risk of stroke was higher after the implantation of the new allocation system [odds ratio 1.29, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.06-1.56, P = 0.01]. HTx recipients with post-operative stroke were older (P = 0.008), with higher rates of prior cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (P = 0.004), prior cardiac surgery (P < 0.001), longer waitlist time (P = 0.04), higher rates of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support (P < 0.001), left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) (P < 0.001), mechanical ventilation (P = 0.003), and longer ischaemic time (P < 0.001). After multivariable adjustment for recipient and donor characteristics, age, prior cardiac surgery, CVA, support with LVAD, ECMO, ischaemic time, and mechanical ventilation at the time of HTx were independent predictors of post-operative stroke. Stroke was associated with increased risk of 30 day and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.49, 95% CI 1.12-1.99, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Post-operative stroke after HTx is infrequent but associated with higher mortality. Redo sternotomy, LVAD, and ECMO support at HTx are among the risk factors identified.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal anticoagulation strategy for patients with bioprosthetic valves and atrial fibrillation remains uncertain. We conducted a meta-analysis using updated evidence comparing direct anticoagulants (DOACs) and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with bioprosthetic valves and atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Medline and Embase were searched through March 2021 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies investigating the outcomes of DOAC therapy and VKA therapy in patients with bioprosthetic valves and atrial fibrillation. The outcomes of interest were all-cause death, major bleeding, and stroke or systemic embolism. RESULTS: Our analysis included 4 RCTs and 6 observational studies enrolling a total of 6405 patients with bioprosthetic valves and atrial fibrillation assigned to a DOAC group (n = 2142) or a VKA group (n = 4263). Pooled analysis demonstrated the similar rates of all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR], 0.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77-1.05; P = .18; I2 = 0%) in the DOAC and VKA groups. However, the rate of major bleeding was significantly lower in the DOAC group (HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.48-0.89; P = .006; I2 = 0%), whereas the rate of stroke or systemic embolism was similar in the 2 groups (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.44-1.17; P = .18; I2 = 39%). CONCLUSIONS: DOAC might decrease the risk of major bleeding without increasing the risk of stroke or systemic embolism or all-cause death compared with VKA in patients with bioprosthetic valves and atrial fibrillation.

13.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(8): 138, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341335

RESUMO

Recent data suggest a suboptimal antibody response to COVID-19 vaccination in patients with hematological malignancies. Neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against SARS-CoV-2 were evaluated in 276 patients with plasma cell neoplasms after vaccination with either the BNT162b2 or the AZD1222 vaccine, on days 1 (before the first vaccine shot), 22, and 50. Patients with MM (n = 213), SMM (n = 38), and MGUS (n = 25) and 226 healthy controls were enrolled in the study (NCT04743388). Vaccination with either two doses of the BNT162b2 or one dose of the AZD1222 vaccine leads to lower production of NAbs in patients with MM compared with controls both on day 22 and on day 50 (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). Furthermore, MM patients showed an inferior NAb response compared with MGUS on day 22 (p = 0.009) and on day 50 (p = 0.003). Importantly, active treatment with either anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) or belantamab mafodotin and lymphopenia at the time of vaccination were independent prognostic factors for suboptimal antibody response following vaccination. In conclusion, MM patients have low humoral response following SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, especially under treatment with anti-CD38 or belamaf. This underlines the need for timely vaccination, possibly during a treatment-free period, and for continuous vigilance on infection control measures in non-responders.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Mieloma Múltiplo , SARS-CoV-2 , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/sangue , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo
14.
Heart ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is an alternative strategy for prevention of thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation and unsuitable for long-term oral anticoagulation. The study aimed to evaluate the causes and timing of readmissions within 6 months following percutaneous LAAO in a real-world setting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of percutaneous LAAO performed in the USA between January and June of 2016-2018 using the Nationwide Readmissions Database. RESULTS: Overall, 12 446 patients who underwent LAAO were included in the analyses and 3477 patients (28%) were readmitted within 6 months following the interventions. Readmitted patients were more often women (p=0.001). The index hospitalisation was characterised by longer duration of hospital stay (p<0.001) and complicated with acute kidney injury (p<0.001) among readmitted patients compared with those without readmissions. Readmissions within 6 months following the index intervention were mainly due to heart failure (13%) and gastrointestinal bleeding (12%). Characteristics associated with readmissions due to heart failure included previously known heart failure (HR 2.39; 95% CI 1.70 to 3.37), valvular heart disease (HR 1.39; 95% CI 1.05 to 1.84) and chronic kidney disease (HR 1.42; 95% CI 1.03 to 1.94). Readmissions due to gastrointestinal bleeding were associated with diabetes mellitus (HR 1.78; 95% CI 1.25 to 2.53), chronic kidney disease (HR 1.86; 95% CI 1.23 to 2.81) and previous anaemia (HR 2.41; 95% CI 1.54 to 3.77). CONCLUSIONS: After percutaneous LAAO, over a quarter of the patients in the USA required rehospitalisation within 6 months, mainly due to heart failure and gastrointestinal bleeding.

15.
ASAIO J ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352812

RESUMO

Data regarding the role of N-terminal Pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) in patients with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CFLVAD) is scarce. To evaluate the prognostic implications of measuring both absolute values and changes in NT-pro BNP concentrations in ambulatory patients with a CFLVAD, we performed a retrospective study of 168 consecutive patients who had an LVAD implantation at our institution and survived beyond their index hospitalization. Of these, 127 patients (56.2 ± 12.5 years, 21.2% female) had NT-pro BNP measured at 1 and 3 months postdischarge in ambulatory settings. Compared to the NT-pro BNP concentration at 1 month, 94 patients (74%) had a decline, and 33 patients (26%) had an increase in concentrations, from their 1 month baseline. After a median follow-up of 17 months, a total of 53 (41.7%) adverse events occurred. Of these, 37 (69.8%) were heart failure (HF) hospitalizations, and 16 (30.2%) were deaths. For each 1,000 unit increase in NT-pro BNP concentration at 3 months, there was a 17% increase in the risk of HF hospitalization or death (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04-1.32, p = 0.007). Conversely, each 1000 unit decline during the same time, was associated with an 11% decrease in the risk of HF hospitalization or death (HR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.77-0.98, p = 0.04). In conclusion, in patients with a CFLAD, an increase in NT-pro BNP concentration from 1 to 3 months is associated with an increased risk of HF hospitalization and death. In contrast, a decline is associated with a reduction in the risk of HF hospitalization and death.

17.
J Card Surg ; 36(10): 3834-3842, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The optimal treatment strategy in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) remains controversial. Herein, we conducted a network meta-analysis comparing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with CAD and low LVEF. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched through March, 2021 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and propensity-score matched (PSM) studies comparing CABG, PCI, and OMT. We extracted hazard ratios (HRs) of the outcomes. RESULTS: A total of three RCTs and 10 PSM trials were identified, yielding a total of 18,855 patients with CAD with low EF who were treated with CABG (n = 9241), PCI (n = 8771), or OMT (n = 1003). All-cause mortality was significantly lower in patients with CABG compared with those with PCI or OMT (HR [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 0.72 [0.62-0.82], p < .001, HR [95% CI] = 0.65 [0.51-0.82], p = .004, respectively), while no difference was observed between PCI and OMT. The rates of MI were significantly lower in patients treated with CABG compared to those treated with PCI or OMT. However, the subgroup analysis by limiting the PCI group to patients who received drug-eluting stent (DES) showed similar all-cause mortality between CABG and PCI, while both CABG and PCI were associated with lower all-cause mortality compared with OMT. CONCLUION: The present study demonstrated that CABG was the appropriate treatment strategy in patients with CAD and low LVEF. Further long-term trials were warranted to investigate outcomes of PCI with DES compared with CABG.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(2): 403-413, 2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258907

RESUMO

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, many barriers to telemedicine disappeared. Virtual visits and telemonitoring strategies became routine. Evidence is accumulating regarding the safety and efficacy of virtual visits to replace in-person visits. A structured approach to virtual encounters is recommended. Telemonitoring includes patient reported remote vital sign monitoring, information from wearable devices, cardiac implantable electronic devices and invasive remote hemodynamic monitoring. The intensity of the monitoring should match the risk profile of the patient. Attention to cultural and educational barriers is important to prevent disparities in telehealth implementation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Telemedicina , Doença Crônica , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores Raciais , Consulta Remota/instrumentação , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto/instrumentação , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Telemedicina/instrumentação , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
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