Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572195

RESUMO

Fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) structures and functional tissues directly in live animals would enable minimally invasive surgical techniques for organ repair or reconstruction. Here, we show that 3D cell-laden photosensitive polymer hydrogels can be bioprinted across and within tissues of live mice, using bio-orthogonal two-photon cycloaddition and crosslinking of the polymers at wavelengths longer than 850 nm. Such intravital 3D bioprinting-which does not create by-products and takes advantage of commonly available multiphoton microscopes for the accurate positioning and orientation of the bioprinted structures into specific anatomical sites-enables the fabrication of complex structures inside tissues of live mice, including the dermis, skeletal muscle and brain. We also show that intravital 3D bioprinting of donor-muscle-derived stem cells under the epimysium of hindlimb muscle in mice leads to the de novo formation of myofibres in the mice. Intravital 3D bioprinting could serve as an in vivo alternative to conventional bioprinting.

2.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 5(12): 1800937, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30581702

RESUMO

Shaping ceramic materials at the nanoscale in 3D is a phenomenal engineering challenge, that can offer new opportunities in a number of industrial applications, including metamaterials, nano-electromechanical systems, photonic crystals, and damage-tolerant lightweight materials. 3D fabrication of sub-micrometer ceramic structures can be performed by two-photon laser writing of a preceramic polymer. However, polymer conversion to a fully ceramic material has proven so far unfeasible, due to lack of suitable precursors, printing complexity, and high shrinkage during ceramic conversion. Here, it is shown that this goal can be achieved through an appropriate engineering of both the material and the printing process, enabling the fabrication of preceramic 3D shapes and their transformation into dense and crack-free SiOC ceramic components with highly complex, 3D sub-micrometer architectures. This method allows for the manufacturing of components with any 3D specific geometry with fine details down to 450 nm, rapidly printing structures up to 100 µm in height that can be converted into ceramic objects possessing sub-micrometer features, offering unprecedented opportunities in different application fields.

3.
Nanotechnology ; 29(36): 36LT03, 2018 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29901453

RESUMO

We report on the near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy of hybrid organic-inorganic resists. These materials are nonchemically amplified systems based on Si, Zr, and Ti oxides, synthesized from organically modified precursors and transition metal alkoxides by a sol-gel route and designed for ultraviolet, extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and electron beam lithography. The experiments were conducted using a scanning transmission x-ray microscope (STXM) which combines high spatial-resolution microscopy and NEXAFS spectroscopy. The absorption spectra were collected in the proximity of the carbon edge (∼290 eV) before and after in situ exposure, enabling the measurement of a significant photo-induced degradation of the organic group (phenyl or methyl methacrylate, respectively), the degree of which depends on the configuration of the ligand. Photo-induced degradation was more efficient in the resist synthesized with pendant phenyl substituents than it was in the case of systems based on bridging phenyl groups. The degradation of the methyl methacrylate group was relatively efficient, with about half of the initial ligands dissociated upon exposure. Our data reveal that such dissociation can produce different outcomes, depending on the structural configuration. While all the organic groups were expected to detach and desorb from the resist in their entirety, a sizeable amount of them remained and formed undesired byproducts such as alkene chains. In the framework of the materials synthesis and engineering through specific building blocks, these results provide a deeper insight into the photochemistry of resists, in particular for EUV lithography.

4.
Acta Biomater ; 55: 373-384, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28351679

RESUMO

Hydrogels are widely used as matrices for cell growth due to the their tuneable chemical and physical properties, which mimic the extracellular matrix of natural tissue. The microfabrication of hydrogels into arbitrarily complex 3D structures is becoming essential for numerous biological applications, and in particular for investigating the correlation between cell shape and cell function in a 3D environment. Micrometric and sub-micrometric resolution hydrogel scaffolds are required to deeply investigate molecular mechanisms behind cell-matrix interaction and downstream cellular processes. We report the design and development of high resolution 3D gelatin hydrogel woodpile structures by two-photon crosslinking. Hydrated structures of lateral linewidth down to 0.5µm, lateral and axial resolution down to a few µm are demonstrated. According to the processing parameters, different degrees of polymerization are obtained, resulting in hydrated scaffolds of variable swelling and deformation. The 3D hydrogels are biocompatible and promote cell adhesion and migration. Interestingly, according to the polymerization degree, 3D hydrogel woodpile structures show variable extent of cell adhesion and invasion. Human BJ cell lines show capability of deforming 3D micrometric resolved hydrogel structures. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The design and development of high resolution 3D gelatin hydrogel woodpile structures by two-photon crosslinking is reported. Significantly, topological and mechanical conditions of polymerized gelatin structures were suitable for cell accommodation in the volume of the woodpiles, leading to a cell density per unit area comparable to the bare substrate. The fabricated structures, presenting micrometric features of high resolution, are actively deformed by cells, both in terms of cell invasion within rods and of cell attachment in-between contiguous woodpiles. Possible biological targets for this 3D approach are customized 3D tissue models, or studies of cell adhesion, deformation and migration.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular/química , Fibroblastos , Hidrogéis/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica , Tecidos Suporte/química , Linhagem Celular , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos
5.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 38(1)2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27859820

RESUMO

In this work, an engineered hydrogel system with a 2D and 3D tunable cross-linking degree is presented. A precise chemical design by the introduction of cross-linkable units, having reaction orthogonality, allows to control the network formation both in time and space and to selectively alter the hydrogel physical properties. Hydrogel chemistry has been tailored in order to produce spatially controlled stiffness changes and drive cell morphology through mechanical cues. Elastic modulus rises by more than double after photocross-linking, as shown by atomic force microscopy measurements. Biological response is also analyzed and stiffness-dependent cell spreading and proliferation are verified. Different pattern geometries are successfully realized by UV lithography, allowing 2D cross-linking modulation. Furthermore, 3D mechanical tuning at micro- and submicrometer scale by two-photon polymerization makes this system a biologically relevant matrix to study cell functions and tissue development.


Assuntos
Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Hidrogel de Polietilenoglicol-Dimetacrilato/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Polimerização , Propriedades de Superfície
6.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 59: 585-593, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26652411

RESUMO

Mesoporous silica particles prepared through a simplified Stöber method and low temperature solvent promoted surfactant removal are evaluated as dissolution enhancers for poorly soluble compounds, using a powerful anticancer agent belonging to pyrroloquinolinones as a model for anticancer oral therapy, and anti-inflammatory ibuprofen as a reference compound. Mesoporous powders composed of either pure silica or silica modified with aminopropyl residues are produced. The influence of material composition and drug chemical properties on drug loading capability and dissolution enhancement are studied. The two types of particles display similar size, surface area, porosity, erodibility, drug loading capability and stability. An up to 50% w/w drug loading is reached, showing correlation between drug concentration in adsorption medium and content in the final powder. Upon immersion in simulating body fluids, immediate drug dissolution occurred, allowing acceptor solutions to reach concentrations equal to or greater than drug saturation limits. The matrix composition influenced drug solution maximal concentration, complementing the dissolution enhancement generated by a mesoporous structure. This effect was found to depend on both matrix and drug chemical properties allowing us to hypothesise general prediction behaviour rules.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Microesferas , Nanopartículas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Transição de Fase
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 6(10): 7773-81, 2014 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24750118

RESUMO

We report the achievement of sensitive gas detection using periodic silver nanoprisms fabricated by a simple and low-cost lithographic technique. The presence of sharp tips combined with the periodic arrangement of the nanoprisms allowed the excitement of isolated and interacting localized surface plasmon resonances. Specific sensing capabilities with respect to aromatic hydrocarbons were achieved when the metal nanoprism arrays were coupled in the near field with functional hybrid films, providing a real-time, label-free, and reversible methodology. Ultra-high-vacuum temperature-programmed desorption measurements demonstrated an interaction energy between the sensitive film and analytes in the range of 55-71 kJ/mol. The far-field optical properties and the detection sensitivity of the sensors, modeled using a finite element method, were correlated to experimental data from gas sensing tests. An absorbance variation of 1.2% could be observed and associated with a theoretical increase in the functional film refractive index of ∼0.001, as a consequence to the interaction with 30 ppm xylene. The possibility of detecting such a small variation in the refractive index suggests the highly promising sensing capabilities of the presented technique.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA