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1.
Acupunct Med ; : 9645284211055754, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856826

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Stable angina is ischemic chest pain on exertion or with emotional stress. Despite guideline-directed therapy, up to 30% of patients have suboptimal pain relief. The aims of this study were to: (1) determine the feasibility and acceptability of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture; and (2) evaluate preliminary efficacy of acupuncture with respect to reduction of pain and increased functional status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Participants with stable angina for ⩾1 month received either a standardized acupuncture protocol, twice per week for 5 weeks, or an attention control protocol. Measures included the McGill Pain Questionnaire (average pain intensity (API), pain now) and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire-7 (functional status, symptoms, and HRQoL). Feasibility was defined as ⩾80% recruitment, ⩾75% retention following enrollment, and ⩾80% completion. Descriptive statistics and mixed-effects linear regression were used for analysis. RESULTS: The sample (n = 24) had a mean age of 59 ± 12 years, was predominantly female (63%), and represented minority groups (8% White, 52% Black, 33% Hispanic, and 8% Other). Feasibility was supported by 79% retention and 89% completion rates. The recruitment rate (68%) was slightly lower than expected. Acceptability scores were 87.9% for the acupuncture group and 51.7% for the control group. Outcomes were significantly better for the acupuncture versus control groups (API, b = -2.1 (1.1), p = 0.047; functional status, b = 27.6 (7.2), p < 0.001; and HRQoL, b = 38.8 (11.9), p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Acupuncture was feasible and acceptable in our diverse sample. We were slightly under the recruitment target of 80%, but participants who started the study had a high likelihood of completing it. Acupuncture shows promise for stable angina, but its effectiveness needs to be confirmed by a larger, adequately powered RCT. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02914834 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(19): 1919-1929, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736568

RESUMO

Socioeconomic disparities in cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes exist among women, particularly those of minority racial or ethnic backgrounds. Barriers to optimal cardiovascular health begin early in life-with inadequate access to effective contraception, postpartum follow-up, and maternity leave-and result in excess rates of myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death in at-risk populations. Contributing factors include reduced access to care, low levels of income and social support, and lack of diversity among cardiology clinicians and within clinical trials. These barriers can be mitigated by optimizing care access via policy change and improving physical access to care in women with geographic or transportation limitations. Addressing structural racism through policy change and bolstering structured community support systems will be key to reducing adverse cardiovascular outcomes among women of racial and ethnic minorities. Diversification of the cardiology workforce to more closely represent the patients we serve will be beneficial to all women.

3.
J Card Fail ; 27(2): 143-152, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular conditions are leading contributors to increasing maternal morbidity and mortality. Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) results in the majority of HF admissions in women, yet its impact in pregnancy is unknown. We examined the prevalence rates, risk factors and adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with HFpEF during pregnancy-related hospitalizations in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of pregnancy-related hospitalizations from 2002 through 2014 using the National Inpatient Sample. HFpEF cases were identified using the 428.3 International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition, Clinical Modification code. Weighting variables were used to provide national estimates, unconditional survey logistic regression to generate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) representing adjusted associations with adverse pregnancy outcomes and Joinpoint regression to estimate temporal trends. Among 58,732,977 hospitalizations, there were 3840 HFpEF cases, an overall rate of 7 cases per 100,000 pregnancy-related hospitalizations; 56% occurred postpartum, 27% during delivery, and 17% antepartum. The temporal trend for hospitalization increased throughout the timeframe by 19.4% (95% CI 13.9-25.1). HFpEF hospitalizations were more common for Black, older, or poor women. Risk factors included hypertension (chronic hypertension and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy), anemia, obesity, diabetes, renal disease and coronary atherosclerosis; all known risk factors for HFpEF. Women with HFpEF were 2.61-6.47 times more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The pregnancy-related HFpEF hospitalization prevalence has increased and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Risk factors resemble those outside pregnancy, emphasizing the need for screening and monitoring women with risk factors during pregnancy for HFpEF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
Womens Health Rep (New Rochelle) ; 1(1): 463-467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786512

RESUMO

Some women have underlying cardiovascular disease that leads to increased morbidity and mortality with pregnancy. These women may choose to terminate a pregnancy rather than face this increased risk. The optimal approach for pregnancy termination in women with cardiomyopathy is not well defined. We present two women with peripartum cardiomyopathy, both modified World Health Organization (mWHO) class IV and with elevated Cardiac Disease in Pregnancy (CARPREG II) pregnancy risk stratification scores who are at the highest risk for pregnancy continuation. Both underwent induced abortion, although the procedure was performed in very different settings. These cases illustrate factors that influence the mode and setting of pregnancy termination performance.

6.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 8(7): e14705, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has demonstrated physiologic analgesic effects in Chinese patients with stable angina. One proposed mechanism of action for these analgesic effects is the downregulation of M1 macrophages, interleukin 1 beta, interleukin-6, interleukin-18, and tumor necrosis factor alpha. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test a 10-session, 5-week acupuncture treatment protocol as a complementary therapy for symptoms of stable angina for American patients, who vary from Chinese patients in health care systems and other salient variables. METHODS: We are conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 69 adults (35 assigned to initial acupuncture and 34 to an attention control condition) with a medically confirmed diagnosis of stable angina, whose pain and associated symptoms have not been controlled to their satisfaction with guideline-directed medical management. Participants in the experimental group will receive a standardized traditional Chinese medicine point prescription. The attention control group will view non-pain-related health education videos over 5 weeks equal to the 10 hours of treatment for the acupuncture group. Participants will complete the McGill Pain Questionnaire and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire-7, as well as have inflammatory cytokines measured at baseline and study completion. The primary outcomes are anginal pain and quality of life. RESULTS: This study has been funded over 2 years by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute for Nursing Research. We are currently recruiting and expect to have initial results by December 2020. CONCLUSIONS: We will generate data on feasibility, acceptability, effect sizes, and protocol revisions for a future fully powered RCT of the protocol. Findings will help determine if patients with persistent ischemic symptoms experience a proinflammatory state and hyperalgesia caused by multiple neural and immune processes not always relieved with medication. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/14705.

7.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(5): 524-529, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities and their prognostic significance in women with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). We sought to characterize ECG findings in PPCM and explore the association of ECG findings with myocardial recovery and clinical outcomes. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that ECG indicators of myocardial remodeling would portend worse systolic function and outcomes. METHODS: Standard 12-lead ECGs were obtained at enrollment in the Investigations of Pregnancy-Associated Cardiomyopathy study and analyzed for 88 women. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured by echocardiography at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Women were followed for clinical events (death, mechanical circulatory support, and/or cardiac transplantation) until 1 year. RESULTS: Half of women had an "abnormal" ECG, defined as atrial abnormality, ventricular hypertrophy, ST-segment deviation, and/or bundle branch block. Women with left atrial abnormality (LAA) had lower LVEF at 6 months (44% vs 52%, P = 0.02) and 12 months (46% vs 54%, P = 0.03). LAA also predicted decreased event-free survival at 1 year (76% vs 97%, P = 0.008). Neither left ventricular hypertrophy by ECG nor T-wave abnormalities predicted outcomes. A normal ECG was associated with recovery in LVEF to ≥50% (84% vs 49%, P = 0.001) and event-free survival at 1 year (100% vs 85%, P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: ECG abnormalities are common in women with PPCM, but a normal ECG does not rule out the presence of PPCM. LAA predicted lower likelihood of myocardial recovery and event-free survival, and a normal ECG predicted favorable event-free survival.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Período Periparto , Transtornos Puerperais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , América do Norte , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Transtornos Puerperais/mortalidade , Transtornos Puerperais/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Puerperais/terapia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto Jovem
8.
Circ Heart Fail ; 11(1): e004005, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29330153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States, but prevalence, correlates, and outcomes of HF-related hospitalization during antepartum, delivery, and postpartum periods remain unknown. The objective was to examine HF prevalence, correlates, and outcomes among pregnancy-related hospitalizations among women 13 to 49 years of age. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the 2001 to 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Rates of HF were calculated by patient and hospital characteristics. Survey logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios representing the association between HF and each outcome, stratified by antepartum, delivery, and postpartum periods. Joinpoint regression was used to describe temporal trends in HF and in-hospital mortality. Over 50 million pregnancy-related hospitalizations were analyzed. The overall rate of HF was 112 cases per 100 000 pregnancy-related hospitalizations. Although postpartum encounters represented only 1.5% of pregnancy-related hospitalizations, ≈60% of HF cases occurred postpartum, followed by delivery (27.3%) and antepartum (13.2%). Among postpartum hospitalizations, there was a significant 7.1% (95% confidence interval, 4.4-9.8) annual increase in HF from 2001 to 2006, followed by a steady rate through 2011. HF rates among antepartum hospitalizations increased on average 4.9% (95% confidence interval, 3.0-6.8) annually from 2001 to 2011. Women with a diagnosis of HF were more likely to experience adverse maternal outcomes, as reflected by outcome-specific adjusted odds ratios during antepartum (2.7-25), delivery (6-195), and postpartum (1.5-6.6) periods. CONCLUSIONS: HF is associated with increased risk of maternal mortality and morbidities. During hospitalization, high-risk mothers need to be identified and surveillance programs developed before discharge.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Mortalidade Materna , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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