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1.
Anesthesiology ; 113(6): 1338-50, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21045639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current knowledge of the risk for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) rests on studies that narrowly selected patients and procedures. Hypothesizing that PPC occurrence could be predicted from a reduced set of perioperative variables, we aimed to develop a predictive index for a broad surgical population. METHODS: Patients undergoing surgical procedures given general, neuraxial, or regional anesthesia in 59 hospitals were randomly selected for this prospective, multicenter study. The main outcome was the development of at least one of the following: respiratory infection, respiratory failure, bronchospasm, atelectasis, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or aspiration pneumonitis. The cohort was randomly divided into a development subsample to construct a logistic regression model and a validation subsample. A PPC predictive index was constructed. RESULTS: Of 2,464 patients studied, 252 events were observed in 123 (5%). Thirty-day mortality was higher in patients with a PPC (19.5%; 95% [CI], 12.5-26.5%) than in those without a PPC (0.5%; 95% CI, 0.2-0.8%). Regression modeling identified seven independent risk factors: low preoperative arterial oxygen saturation, acute respiratory infection during the previous month, age, preoperative anemia, upper abdominal or intrathoracic surgery, surgical duration of at least 2 h, and emergency surgery. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 90% (95% CI, 85-94%) for the development subsample and 88% (95% CI, 84-93%) for the validation subsample. CONCLUSION: The risk index based on seven objective, easily assessed factors has excellent discriminative ability. The index can be used to assess individual risk of PPC and focus further research on measures to improve patient care.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia , Estudos de Coortes , Coleta de Dados/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Logísticos , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Fatores de Risco , Tamanho da Amostra , Estações do Ano , Espanha/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Anesthesiology ; 112(5): 1164-74, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20418697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life is usually reported for specific rather than heterogeneous populations such as those treated in routine anesthesia practice. The 8-item short-form generic health-related quality-of-life questionnaire (SF-8) is a candidate instrument for this setting. The authors evaluated the feasibility, reliability, validity, and responsiveness to change of the Spanish version of SF-8 in a population-based surgical cohort. METHODS: Recruiting patients from a large population-based study of risk factors for pulmonary complications, before surgery, the authors administered the 1-week recall SF-8 to 2,991 patients undergoing nonobstetric elective or emergency surgery in 59 hospitals, each of which collected data on seven randomly assigned days in 2006. The SF-8 was administered again 3 months later. Reliability was evaluated using the Cronbach alpha coefficient and validity by comparing physical and mental component summary SF-8 scores with clinical variables. Responsiveness after surgery was evaluated using the standardized response mean. RESULTS: Cronbach alpha for the overall test was 0.92. Physical and mental component summary scores and all individual scores were lower (worse quality of life) in women (P < 0. 01) and decreased with age (P < 0.01). Preoperative scores were lower for those in worse clinical condition (higher body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status class, or surgical risk scores), with preoperative respiratory symptoms, and in emergency situations (P < 0.01). The standardized response mean ranged from 0.1 to 0.5. CONCLUSIONS: The SF-8 is a feasible, reliable, valid, and responsive instrument for assessing health-related quality of life in a broad-spectrum surgical population.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Multilinguismo , Qualidade de Vida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Espanha , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/psicologia
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