Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 84
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are currently few data on the outcome of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescents after allogeneic HSCT. The aim of this study is to describe the outcome and its specific risk factors for children, adolescents and young adults after a first allogeneic HSCT for AML. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared the outcome of AML patients receiving a first allogeneic HSCT between 2005 and 2017 according to their age at transplantation's time: children (< 15 years, n = 564), adolescent and post-adolescent (APA) patients (15-25 years, n = 647) and young adults (26-40 years; n = 1434). RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 4.37 years (min-max 0.18-14.73 years), the probability of 2-year overall survival (OS) was 71.4% in children, 61.1% in APA patients and 62.9% in young adults (p = 0.0009 for intergroup difference). Both relapse and non-relapse mortality (NRM) Cumulative Incidence (CI) estimated at 2 years were different between the age groups (30.8% for children, 35.2% for APA patients and 29.4% for young adults-p = 0.0254, and 7.0% for children, 10.6% for APA patients and 14.2% for young adults, p < 0.0001; respectively). Whilst there was no difference between the three groups for grade I to IV acute GVHD CI at 3 months, the chronic GVHD CI at 2 years was higher in APA patients and young adults (31.4% and 36.4%, respectively) in comparison to the children (17.5%) (p < 0.0001). In multivariable analysis, factors associated with death were AML cytogenetics (HR1.73 [1.29-2.32] for intermediate risk 1, HR 1.50 [1.13-2.01] for intermediate risk 2, HR 2.22 [1.70-2.89] for high cytogenetics risk compared to low risk), use of TBI ≥ 8 Grays (HR 1.33 [1.09-1.61]), disease status at transplant (HR 1.40 [1.10-1.78] for second Complete Remission (CR), HR 2.26 [1.02-4.98] for third CR and HR 3.07 [2.44-3.85] for active disease, compared to first CR), graft source (HR 1.26 [1.05-1.50] for Peripheral Blood Stem Cells compared to Bone Marrow) and donor age (HR 1.01 (1-1.02] by increase of 1 year). CONCLUSION: Age is an independent risk factor for NRM and extensive chronic GVHD. This study suggests that APA patients with AML could be beneficially treated with a chemotherapy-based MAC regimen and bone marrow as a stem cells source.

2.
Ann Hematol ; 100(11): 2787-2797, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476574

RESUMO

Haploidentical transplantation has extended the availability of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHCT) to almost all patients. Sequential conditioning regimens have been proposed for the treatment of hematological active disease. Whether these new transplantation procedures affect the prognosis of critically ill alloHCT recipients remains unknown. We evaluated this question in a retrospective study including consecutive alloHCT patients admitted to the intensive care unit of a tertiary academic center from 2010 to 2017. During the study period, 412 alloHCTs were performed and 110 (27%) patients-median age 55 (36-64) years-were admitted to ICU in a median time of 58.5 (14-245) days after alloHCT. Twenty-nine (26%) patients had received a haploidentical graft and 34 (31%) a sequential conditioning. Median SOFA score was 9 (6-11). Invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) was required in 61 (55%) patients. Fifty-six (51%) patients died in the hospital. Independent factors associated with in-hospital mortality were as follows: MV (OR=8.44 [95% CI 3.30-23.19], p<0.001), delta SOFA between day 3 and day 1 (OR=1.60 [95% CI 1.31-2.05], p<0.0001), and sequential conditioning (OR=3.7 [95% CI 1.14-12.92], p=0.033). Sequential conditioning was also independently associated with decreased overall survival (HR=1.86 [95% CI 1.05-3.31], p=0.03). Other independent factors associated with reduced overall survival were HCT-specific comorbidity index ≥2 (HR=1.76 [95% CI 1.10-2.84], p=0.02), acute GVHD grade ≥2 (HR=1.88 [95% CI 1.14-3.10], p=0.01), MV (HR=2.37 [95% CI 1.38-4.07, p=0.002), and vasopressors (HR=2.21 [95% CI 1.38-3.54], p=0.001). Haploidentical transplantation did not affect outcome. Larger multicenter studies are warranted to confirm these results.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587856

RESUMO

Prior studies have reported pulmonary function tests (PFT) before and after related and unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, limited data exist on the evaluation of lung function after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (HAPLO) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). We retrospectively reported the evaluation of PFTs at screening before HAPLO in 80 patients at 100 days and 1 year of follow-up. The proportion of surviving patients with available PFTs at 100 days and 1 year were 86% and 68%, respectively. During the follow-up period, four patients met the criteria for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and two for interstitial lung disease. Overall survival was 73% (95% CI 62-82%) at 2 years. We observed a significant reduction in diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) corrected for the most recent hemoglobin concentration (DLCOc) at 100 days after HAPLO. However, an overall substantial stable pulmonary function was observed at 1 year.

4.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(8): 142, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376633

RESUMO

This study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with hematological malignancies. Antibodies blocking spike binding to immobilized ACE-2 (NAb) correlated with anti-Spike (S) IgG d42 titers (Spearman r = 0.865, p < 0.0001), and an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL was predictive of NAb ≥ 30%, the positivity cutoff for NAb (p < 0.0001). Only 47% of the patients achieved an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL after the two BNT162b2 inocula, compared to 87% of healthy controls. In multivariable analysis, male patients, use of B-cell targeting treatment within the last 12 months prior to vaccination, and CD19+ B-cell level <120/uL, were associated with a significantly decreased probability of achieving a protective anti-S IgG level after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. Finally, using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay, we found a significant increase in T-cell response against the S protein, with 53% of patients having an anti-S IgG-positive ELISPOT after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. There was a correlation between the anti-S ELISPOT response and IgG d42 level (Spearman r = 0.3026, p = 0.012). These findings suggest that vaccination with two BNT162b2 inocula translates into a significant increase in humoral and cellular response in patients with hematological malignancies, but only around half of the patients can likely achieve effective immune protection against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Mucosal Immunol ; 14(5): 1127-1132, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282272

RESUMO

Patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) were previously shown to display a bacterial gut dysbiosis; however, limited data are available regarding the role of fungal microbiota in these patients. We evaluated the bacterial and fungal composition of the fecal microbiota at day 0 of alloHCT. Higher bacterial diversity was associated with an improved overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). While fungal diversity had no impact on patient outcomes, we observed that high versus low relative abundance of Candida albicans in alloHCT patients at day 0 was associated with a significantly lower OS, DFS and graft-versus-host-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (p = 0.0008, p = 0.0064 and p = 0.026, respectively). While these results are limited by low patient numbers and low fungal read counts in some samples, they suggest a potentially important role for C albicans in alloHCT.

7.
Leukemia ; 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172895

RESUMO

The germline predisposition associated with the autosomal dominant inheritance of the 14q32 duplication implicating ATG2B/GSKIP genes is characterized by a wide clinical spectrum of myeloid neoplasms. We analyzed 12 asymptomatic carriers and 52 patients aged 18-74 years from six families, by targeted sequencing of 41 genes commonly mutated in myeloid malignancies. We found that 75% of healthy carriers displayed early clonal hematopoiesis mainly driven by TET2 mutations. Molecular landscapes of patients revealed two distinct routes of clonal expansion and leukemogenesis. The first route is characterized by the clonal dominance of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN)-driver events associated with TET2 mutations in half of cases and mutations affecting splicing and/or the RAS pathway in one-third of cases, leading to the early development of MPN, mostly essential thrombocythemia, with a high risk of transformation (50% after 10 years). The second route is distinguished by the absence of MPN-driver mutations and leads to AML without prior MPN. These patients mostly harbored a genomic landscape specific to acute myeloid leukemia secondary to myelodysplastic syndrome. An unexpected result was the total absence of DNMT3A mutations in this cohort. Our results suggest that the germline duplication constitutively mimics hematopoiesis aging by favoring TET2 clonal hematopoiesis.

8.
Euro Surveill ; 26(21)2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047273

RESUMO

The hospital water environment, including the wastewater drainage system, is increasingly reported as a potential reservoir for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE). We investigated a persistent outbreak of OXA-48 CPE (primarily Citrobacter freundii) in a haematological ward of a French teaching hospital by epidemiological, microbiological and environmental methods. Between January 2016 and June 2019, we detected 37 new OXA-48 CPE-colonised and/or ­infected patients in the haematological ward. In October 2017, a unit dedicated to CPE-colonised and/or ­infected patients was created. Eleven additional sporadic acquisitions were identified after this date without any obvious epidemiological link between patients, except in one case. Environmental investigations of the haematological ward (June-August 2018) identified seven of 74 toilets and one of 39 drains positive for OXA-48 CPE (seven C. freundii, one Enterobacter sakazakii, one Escherichia coli). Whole genome comparisons identified a clonal dissemination of OXA-48-producing C. freundii from the hospital environment to patients. In addition to strict routine infection control measures, an intensive cleaning programme was performed (descaling and bleaching) and all toilet bowls and tanks were changed. These additional measures helped to contain the outbreak. This study highlights that toilets can be a possible source of transmission of OXA-48 CPE.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Toaletes , Proteínas de Bactérias , Citrobacter freundii/enzimologia , Cronobacter sakazakii/enzimologia , Reservatórios de Doenças/microbiologia , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , França/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Microbiologia da Água , beta-Lactamases/genética
9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(9): 2194-2202, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931757

RESUMO

Optimal donor choice for a second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) in relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains undefined. We compared outcomes using HLA-matched unrelated donors (MUD) versus haploidentical donors in this population. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). The MUD allo-HCT group comprised 104 patients (male = 56, 54%), median age 36 years, mostly (76%) with B-cell phenotype in complete remission (CR) (CR2/CR3 + = 76, 73%). The 61 patients (male = 38, 62%) in the haploidentical group were younger, median age 30 years (p = 0.002), had mostly (79%) a B-cell phenotype and the majority were also in CR at time of the second allo-HCT (CR2/CR3 + = 40, 66%). Peripheral blood stem cells was the most common cell source in both, but a significantly higher number in the haploidentical group received bone marrow cells (26% vs. 4%, p < 0.0001). A haploidentical donor second allo-HCT had a 1.5-fold higher 2-year OS (49% vs. 31%), albeit not statistically significant (p = 0.13). A longer time from first allo-HCT to relapse was associated with improved OS, leukemia-free survival, graft-versus-host disease-free-relapse-free survival, and lower cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality. Results suggest no major OS difference when choosing either a MUD or haploidentical donor for ALL patients needing a second allo-HCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfócitos T , Doadores não Relacionados
10.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 53, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-T-cell depleted haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HaploSCT) is being increasingly used in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with improving patient outcomes. We have recently reported that outcomes of adult patients (pts) with ALL in complete remission (CR) receiving HaploSCT are comparable to unrelated donor transplants. We now compared HaploSCT and matched sibling donor (MSD) transplants in pts with ALL. AIM: To assess transplantation outcomes of HaploSCT and MSD transplants in pts with ALL in CR. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed adult patients (≥ 18 years) with ALL who underwent their first allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in first or second CR between 2012 and 2018, either from a T cell replete Haplo or MSD donor, and whose data were reported to the Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP) of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). Multivariate analysis (MVA) adjusting for differences between the groups was performed using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Propensity score matching was also performed to reduce confounding effects. RESULTS: The analysis comprised 2304 patients: HaploSCT-413; MSD-1891. Median follow-up was 25 months. Median age was 37 (range 18-75) and 38 (18-76) years in HaploSCT and MSD, respectively. HaploSCT patients were transplanted more recently than those transplanted from MSD (2016 vs 2015, p < 0.0001). A higher rate of HaploSCT was in CR2 (33.4% vs 16.7%, p < 0.0001), respectively, and fewer received myeloablative conditioning (68% vs 83.2%, p < 0.0001). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity was lower in HaploSCT patients (22% vs 28%, p = 0.01) and donors (27.1% vs 33%, p < 0.02), and a higher proportion of the HaploSCTs were performed using a bone marrow (BM) graft (46.2% vs 18.6%, p < 0.0001). The 2 groups did not differ with regard to gender, Karnofsky performance status score, ALL phenotype, Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) positivity and pre-alloSCT measurable residual disease (MRD). Graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was mainly post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) based (92.7%) in the HaploSCT setting, while it was mostly pharmacologic in the setting of MSD (18.7% received ATG). Cumulative incidence of engraftment at day 60 was higher in MSD transplants compared to HaploSCT (98.7% vs 96.3%, p = 0.001), respectively. Day 180 incidence of acute (a) GVHD II-IV and III-IV was higher in HaploSCT vs. MSD: 36.3% vs 28.9% (p = 0.002 and 15.2% vs 10.5% (p = 0.005), respectively. Conversely, the 2-year chronic (c) GVHD and extensive cGVHD were 32% vs 38.8% (p = 0.009) and 11.9% vs 19.5% (p = 0.001) in HaploSCT vs MSD, respectively. Main causes of death were leukemia (31.8% vs 45%), infection (33.1% vs 19.7%) and GVHD (16.6% vs 19.7%) for HaploSCT and MSD, respectively. Two-year relapse incidence (RI), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS) and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) were 26% vs 31.6%, 22.9% vs 13%, 51% vs 55.4%, 58.8% vs 67.4% and 40.6% vs 39% for HaploSCT and MSD, respectively. In the MVA, RI was significantly lower in HaploSCT in comparison with MSD, hazard ratio (HR) = 0.66 (95% CI 0.52-0.83, p = 0.004), while NRM was significantly higher, HR = 1.9 (95% CI 1.43-2.53, p < 0.0001). aGVHD grade II-IV and grade III-IV were higher in HaploSCT than in MSD HR = 1.53 (95% CI 1.23-1.9, p = 0.0002) and HR = 1.54 (95% CI 1.1-2.15, p = 0.011), respectively. Extensive cGVHD was lower in HaploSCT compared with MSD, HR = 0.61 (95% CI 0.43-0.88, p = 0.007), while total cGVHD did not differ significantly, HR = 0.94 (95% CI 0.74-1.18, p = 0.58). LFS, OS and GRFS did not differ significantly between the 2 transplant groups, HR = 0.96 (95% CI 0.81-1.14, p = 0.66); HR = 1.18 (95% CI 0.96-1.43, p = 0.11) and HR = 0.93 (95% CI 0.79-1.09, p = 0.37), respectively. These results were confirmed in a matched-pair analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of adult patients with ALL in CR receiving alloSCT from haploidentical donors are not significantly different from those receiving transplants from MSD in terms of LFS, OS and GRFS.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Haploidêntico/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Europa (Continente) , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Irmãos , Análise de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/mortalidade , Transplante Haploidêntico/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(6): 467-473, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839088

RESUMO

This perspective article discusses the various practices classified as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and reviews the benefits and uncertainties with respect to nutritional supplements in patients with hematological disease. It considers the high prevalence of CAM use especially among cancer survivors, particularly patients with hematologic malignancies and allogeneic stem cell transplant survivors, many of whom believe (because of extensive advertising) that supplements are anticancer/antitoxic agents, despite the paucity of evidence to support any benefit and the enormous cost to the individual. CAM constitutes various practices and nutritional behaviors including prayers, relaxation, spiritual healing, nutritional supplements, meditation, religious counseling, massage, and support groups. We highlighted the current literature regarding CAM practices and focused our discussion on the omnipresent nutritional supplements in particular to further expound on their benefits and adverse effects. As the number of survivors after HSCT increases over the next several years along with prevalence of CAM use, it becomes imperative to ascertain any beneficial potential, as well as toxicities associated with CAM use in this population.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Doenças Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Meditação , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Sobreviventes
12.
Am J Hematol ; 96(8): 1008-1016, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844865

RESUMO

The role of iron in the formation and functioning of erythrocytes, and to a lesser degree of white blood cells, is well established, but the relationship between iron and platelets is less documented. Physiologically, iron plays an important role in hematopoiesis, including thrombopoiesis; iron levels direct, together with genetic factors, the lineage commitment of megakaryocytic/erythroid progenitors toward either megakaryocyte or erythroid progenitors. Megakaryocytic iron contributes to cellular machinery, especially energy production in platelet mitochondria. Thrombocytosis, possibly favoring vascular thrombosis, is a classical feature observed with abnormally low total body iron stores (mainly due to blood losses or decreased duodenal iron intake), but thrombocytopenia can also occur in severe iron deficiency anemia. Iron sequestration, as seen in inflammatory conditions, can be associated with early thrombocytopenia due to platelet consumption and followed by reactive replenishment of the platelet pool with possibility of thrombocytosis. Iron overload of genetic origin (hemochromatosis), despite expected mitochondrial damage related to ferroptosis, has not been reported to cause thrombocytopenia (except in case of high degree of hepatic fibrosis), and iron-related alteration of platelet function is still a matter of debate. In acquired iron overload (of transfusional and/or dyserythropoiesis origin), quantitative or qualitative platelet changes are difficult to attribute to iron alone due to the interference of the underlying hematological conditions; likewise, hematological improvement, including increased blood platelet counts, observed under iron oral chelation is likely to reflect mechanisms other than the sole beneficial impact of iron depletion.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Ferro/sangue , Humanos
13.
Br J Haematol ; 193(3): 592-601, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838047

RESUMO

Optimal donor choice for a second allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) in relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) remains unknown. We compared overall survival (OS) using registry data from the Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP) of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) involving 455 adults who received a second allo-HCT from a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-matched unrelated (MUD) (n = 320) or a haploidentical (n = 135) donor. Eligibility criteria required adults aged ≥18 years who received a second allo-HCT for treating AML relapse between 2005 and 2019. The primary end-point was OS. There was no statistically significant difference in the median (interquartile range) age between the groups, MUD 46 (35-58) versus haploidentical 44 (33-53) years (P = 0·07). The median OS was not different between the MUD and the haploidentical groups (10 vs. 11 months, P = 0·57). Similarly, the 2-year OS was 31% for the MUD and 29% for the haploidentical donor groups. The OS was worse if the procedure was performed with active AML [hazard ratio (HR) 1·42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·07-1·89; P = 0·02]. Conversely, a longer time from first allo-HCT to relapse (>13·2 months) was associated with better OS (HR 0·50, 95% CI 0·37-0·69; P < 0·0001). The results of the present analysis limit the ability to recommend one donor type over another when considering a second allo-HCT for relapsed AML. Our findings highlight that best OS is achieved when receiving the second allo-HCT in complete remission.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Depleção Linfocítica , Linfócitos T , Doadores não Relacionados , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881169

RESUMO

Myelofibrosis (MF) is a clonal stem cell neoplasm with heterogeneous clinical phenotypes and well-established molecular drivers. Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers an important curative treatment option for primary MF and post-essential thrombocythaemia/polycythaemia vera MF or secondary MF. With a disease course that varies from indolent to highly progressive, we are now able to stratify risk of mortality through various tools including patient-related clinical characteristics as well as molecular genetic profile. Owing to the high risk of mortality and morbidity associated with HSCT for patients with myelofibrosis, it is important to improve patient selection for transplant. Our primary goal is to comprehensively define our understanding of current practices including the role of Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitors, to present the data behind transplantation before and after leukaemic transformation, and to introduce novel personalization of MF treatment with a proposed clinical-molecular prognostic model to help elucidate a timepoint optimal for consideration of HSCT.

17.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(1): 218-224, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724200

RESUMO

Detectable measurable residual disease (MRD) is a key prognostic factor in both acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Thus, we conducted a survey in EBMT transplant centers focusing on pre- and post-allo-HCT MRD. One hundred and six centers from 29 countries responded. One hundred had a formal strategy for routine MRD assessment, 91 for both ALL and AML. For ALL (n = 95), assessing MRD has been routine practice starting from 2010 (range, 1990-2019). Techniques used for MRD assessment consisted of PCR techniques alone (n = 27), multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC, n = 16), both techniques (n = 43), next-generation sequencing (NGS) + PCR (n = 2), or PCR + MFC + NGS (n = 7). The majority of centers assessed MRD every 2-3 months for 2 (range, 1-until relapse) years. For AML, assessing MRD was routine in 92 centers starting in 2010 (range 1990-2019). Assessment of MRD was by PCR (n = 23), MFC (n = 13), both PCR and MFC (n = 39), both PCR and NGS (n = 3), and by all three techniques (n = 14). The majority assesses MRD for AML every 2-3 months for 2 (range, 1-until relapse) years. This survey is the first step in the aim to include MRD status as a routine registry capture parameter in acute leukemia.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Neoplasia Residual , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo
18.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(2): 419-427, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012207

RESUMO

We assessed the outcomes associated with thiotepa, busulfan and fludarabine (TBF) conditioning regimen in a cohort of 29 consecutive patients allografted for myelofibrosis (MF). The median age was 56 (range 42-70) years. According to the refined Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS-plus), 15 (52%) patients were classified as high risk. Graft source was peripheral blood stem cells in 27 patients. Donor type was HLA-matched related (n = 5), matched unrelated (n = 16), mismatched unrelated (n = 1), and haploidentical (n = 7). All but 2 patients engrafted. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 21% (95% CI, 10-42) at day 100. The CI of chronic GVHD was 39% (95% CI, 23-65) at 3 years. The median follow-up period was 39 (range 14-60) months. Overall survival was 69% (95% CI, 50-83) at 3 years. No relapse was observed. TBF is a valid conditioning strategy in patients with MF.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mielofibrose Primária , Adulto , Idoso , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Tiotepa , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
19.
Cancer ; 127(2): 209-218, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Addition of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCY) to standard immunosuppressive agents reduces GVHD in different donor settings. METHODS: We compared the outcomes of adults with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing allo-HSCT from HLA-identical sibling donors after the use of PTCY (n = 197) or ATG (n = 1913). RESULTS: Patients in the PTCY group were younger than those in the ATG group (median age, 47 vs 54 years; P < .01). Peripheral blood was the most frequently used stem cell source, being significantly more frequent in the ATG group than in the PTCY group (95% vs 70% P < .01). The conditioning regimen was more frequently myeloablative in the PTCY group than in the ATG group (59% vs 48%; P < .01). Time to neutrophil engraftment was shorter in the ATG group than in the PTCY group (17 vs 20 days; P < .01). No differences were observed according to the other transplantation outcomes, except for chronic GVHD of all grades and extensive chronic GVHD at 2 years, which were significantly lower in the ATG group compared with the PTCY group (P < .02). CONCLUSION: PTCY is feasible in an HLA-identical sibling setting, and despite similar outcomes, ATG may be associated with lower incidence of chronic GVHD.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...