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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(4): 650-659, 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36533


We sought to investigate a new angiographic method for aortic regurgitation (AR) severity assessment in the setting of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). AR after TAVI is common but challenging to quantitate, especially in the cath-lab. In 228 patients, AR was quantitated before and after TAVI by echocardiography and by video-densitometric analysis of aortograms. Contrast time– density curves for the aortic root (the reference region) and the left ventricular outflow tract, LVOT were generated. LVOT-AR was calculated as the area under the curve of the LVOT as a fraction of the area under the curve of the reference region. LVOT-AR was 0.10 6 0.08, 0.13 6 0.10 and 0.28 6 0.14 in none-trace, mild and moderate-severe post-TAVI AR as defined by echocardiography (P < 0.001) and a cutpoint of >0.17 corresponded to moderate-severe AR on echocardiography (area under the curve 5 0.84). At follow-up (median, 496 days), patients with LVOT-AR 0.17 showed a significant reduction of LV mass index (LVMi; 121 [95–148] vs. 140 [112– 169] g/m2 , P 5 0.009) and the prevalence of LV hypertrophy (LVH; 64 vs. 88%, P 5 0.001) compared to baseline. In patients with LVOT-AR > 0.17, LVMi (149 [121–178] vs. 166 [144–188] g/m2 , P 5 0.14) and the prevalence of LVH (74 vs. 87%, P 5 0.23) did not show a significant change. Compared to patients with LVOT-AR 0.17, those with LVOT-AR > 0.17 had an increased 30-day (16.4% vs. 7.1%, P 5 0.035) and one year mortality (32.9 vs. 14.2%, log rank P value 5 0.001; HR: 2.690 [1.461–4.953], P 5 0.001). LVOT-AR > 0.17 corresponds to greater than mild AR as defined by echocardiography and predicts impaired LV reverse remodeling and increased early and midterm mortality after TAVI.(AU)

Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Angiografia , Ecocardiografia
EuroIntervention ; 13(10): 1157-1165, 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36534


In addition to patients with pure/predominant aortic stenosis (PAS), real-world transcatheter aortic valve implantation(TAVI) referrals include patients with mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD; severe stenosis+moderate-severe regurgitation). We sought to compare TAVI outcomes in patients with MAVD vs. PAS. Out of 793 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI, 106 (13.4%) had MAVD. Patients with MAVD were younger and had a higher operative risk, a more severe adverse cardiac remodelling, and a worse functional status than patients with PAS. Moderate-severe prosthetic valve regurgitation (PVR) was significantly more frequent in patients with MAVD than in patients with PAS (15.7% vs. 3.6%, p=0.003), even after propensity-score and multivariable adjustments. Moderate-severe PVR was associated with increased one-year mortality in patients with PAS (log-rank p=0.002), but not in patients with MAVD (log-rank p=0.27). Eventually, all-cause and cardiac mortality as well as the functional capacity were similar in the two study groups up to one year. A significant proportion of patients referred for TAVI in a real-world registry has MAVD. Moderate-severe AR at baseline can influence the rate and modify the clinical sequelae of post-TAVI PVR. Eventually, clinical outcomes in patients with MAVD are comparable to those in patients with PAS in the acute and midterm phases, in spite of a baseline higher risk. MAVD should not be considered a contraindication for TAVI.(AU)

Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(3): 241-247, 2015. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-32837


Fundamento: Ainda é desafiador prever a mortalidade de pacientes que se submetem ao TAVI (sigla do inglês Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation). Objetivos: Avaliar o desempenho de cinco escores de risco para cirurgia cardíaca em prever mortalidade em 30 dias de pacientes inscritos no Registro Brasileiro de TAVI.Métodos: O Registro Multicêntrico Brasileiro inscreveu prospectivamente 418 pacientes submetidos ao TAVI em 18 centros entre 2008 e 2013. Os seguintes escores cirúrgicos foram usados para calcular o risco de mortalidade no período de 30 dias: EuroSCORE I (ESI) logístico, EuroSCORE II (ESII), STS Score (STS), Ambler Score (AS) e Guaragna Score (GS). O desempenho dos escores de risco foram avaliados através de sua calibração (teste Hosmer-Lemeshow) e discriminação [área sob a curva (AUC) do inglês receiver-operating characteristic curve)]. (AU).

Fatores de Risco , Probabilidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter
Rev. SOCERJ ; 11(4): 307-316, out.-dez. 1998. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-318284


Existem controvérsias quanto ao real benefício da angioplastia primária comparada ao tratamento trombolítico e, mais recentemente, ao implante do stent no infarto agudo do miocárdio. Neste artigo, os autores fazem uma revisão dos principais registros, das séries observacionais e dos estudos randomizados envolvendo a angioplastia primária como terapia de reperfusão no infarto agudo do miocárdio

Humanos , Angioplastia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Stents , Terapia Trombolítica
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 67(6): 375-378, Dez. 1996.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-319227


PURPOSE: To study the short and long term clinical course of patients with severe aortic stenosis after surgical treatment of the valvular lesion. METHODS: Thirty survivors among 31 consecutive patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) due to aortic stenosis (AS) were submitted to clinical and echocardiographic follow-up during a mean of 30 months after surgical treatment of the valvular lesion. Twenty five (83.3) patients were male with a mean age of 50 years (25 to 74). Before operation the following parameters were obtained: diastolic left ventricular diameter (DLVD), shortening fraction (SF), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), aortic valve area (AVA), left ventricular-aortic pressure gradient (PG) and NYHA functional class (FC). During the follow up, after the surgical procedure, FC, DLVD, LVEF and SF could be analysed and compared with previous data. RESULTS: A significant rise in SF (p = 0.001) and LVEF (p = 0.0001), as well as a decrease in DLVD (p = 0.001) were observed in the follow up. Symptoms lessened in severity in the majority of patients. Three of our patients died with progressive LVD and heart failure, after at least 36 months of follow-up. These results indicate that when operation is carried out in patients with AS and left ventricular failure, a significant improvement in left ventricular function and in symptoms takes place. Although the risk of surgical treatment is increased in this group of patients, LVD should not be considered a contraindication to the procedure. CONCLUSION: The left ventricular dysfunction is not a contraindiction for the surgical treatment of the aortic stenosis.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bioprótese , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Valva Aórtica , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Seguimentos , Período Pós-Operatório , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 67(5): 339-342, Nov. 1996.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-319236


PURPOSE: The decision of stopping cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients brought to emergency room in arrest remains a challenge. Such decision is even more difficult when someone is brought by bystanders, after an acute loss of consciousness without any out-of-hospital care. To evaluate the probability of survival of these patients we reviewed retrospectively charts in our institution, during a period of five years. METHODS: One hundred and one patients that fulfilled these characteristics came to our emergency in arrest. The time to arrival since symptoms started, cardiac rhythm at first electrocardiogram (EKG), age, gender, initial CPR success, late outcomes and previous diseases were obtained. Patients were divided in two groups regarding which cardiac rhythms they had at first EKG: A-patients arriving in asystole; and VF-patients arriving in ventricular fibrillation. To evaluate time to arrival, we arbitrarily choose 15 min as a reference point. RESULTS: In these 101 subjects the mean age was 62 +/- 13.7 years and 63 (62.3) were men. Previous heart disease was documented in 74 [dilated cardiomyopathy in 22 (21.7), coronary heart disease in 41 (40.6), arterial hypertension in 25 (24.7) and others in 6 (5.6)]. In 66 episodes we were sure of the time patients spent before arrival (mean 2.5 +/- 11 min). Only in 63 subjects we had no doubts about the rhythm at entrance: VF in 37 (58.7), A in 22 (34.9) and an accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIR) in four (6.3). Time to arrival was 18.6 +/- 10.6 in VF vs 32.5 +/- 11.7 min in A (p = 0.012). Fourteen (13.8) subjects resumed a supraventricular rhythm with systolic pressure > or = 90 mmHg after CPR and all of them were in VF (13) or AIR (one). Nine patients (8.9) evolved in coma. Only five (4.9) were discharged from the hospital without any neurological disturbance and their time to arrival ranged from one to 15 (9 +/- 5.8) min. CONCLUSION: Delayed arrival to the emergency room (> 15 min) associated with asystole were predictors of unsuccessful CPR, and both data are helpful in deciding when to stop CPR in subjects arriving at the emergency department with no out-of-hospital care.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Eletrocardiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo