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1.
Inform Med Unlocked ; : 100788, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786452

RESUMO

Veterans Health Administration (VHA) services are most frequently used by patients 65 years and older, an age group that is disproportionally affected by COVID-19. Here we describe a modular Clinical Trial Informatics Solution (CTIS) that was rapidly developed and deployed to support a multi-hospital embedded pragmatic clinical trial in COVID-19 patients within the VHA. Our CTIS includes tools for patient eligibility screening, informed consent tracking, treatment randomization, EHR data transformation for reporting and interfaces for patient outcome and adverse event tracking. We hope our CTIS component descriptions and practical lessons learned will serve as a useful building block for others creating their own clinical trial tools and have made application and database code publicly available.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0259061, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710137

RESUMO

Effective, low-cost therapeutics are needed to prevent and treat COVID-19. Severe COVID-19 disease is linked to excessive inflammation. Disulfiram is an approved oral drug used to treat alcohol use disorder that is a potent anti-inflammatory agent and an inhibitor of the viral proteases. We investigated the potential effects of disulfiram on SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease severity in an observational study using a large database of clinical records from the national US Veterans Affairs healthcare system. A multivariable Cox regression adjusted for demographic information and diagnosis of alcohol use disorder revealed a reduced risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection with disulfiram use at a hazard ratio of 0.66 (34% lower risk, 95% confidence interval 24-43%). There were no COVID-19 related deaths among the 188 SARS-CoV-2 positive patients treated with disulfiram, in contrast to 5-6 statistically expected deaths based on the untreated population (P = 0.03). Our epidemiological results suggest that disulfiram may contribute to the reduced incidence and severity of COVID-19. These results support carefully planned clinical trials to assess the potential therapeutic effects of disulfiram in COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Dissulfiram/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Alcoolismo/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Dissulfiram/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Veteranos
3.
JAMIA Open ; 4(3): ooab074, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485848

RESUMO

Objective: To best meet our point-of-care research (POC-R) needs, we developed ProjectFlow, a configurable, clinical research workflow management application. In this article, we describe ProjectFlow and how it is used to manage study processes for the Diuretic Comparison Project (DCP) and the Research Precision Oncology Program (RePOP). Materials and methods: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the largest integrated health care system in the United States. ProjectFlow is a flexible web-based workflow management tool specifically created to facilitate conduct of our clinical research initiatives within the VHA. The application was developed using the Grails web framework and allows researchers to create custom workflows using Business Process Model and Notation. Results: As of January 2021, ProjectFlow has facilitated management of study recruitment, enrollment, randomization, and drug orders for over 10 000 patients for the DCP clinical trial. It has also helped us evaluate over 3800 patients for recruitment and enroll over 370 of them into RePOP for use in data sharing partnerships and predictive analytics aimed at optimizing cancer treatment in the VHA. Discussion: The POC-R study design embeds research processes within day-to-day clinical care and leverages longitudinal electronic health record (EHR) data for study recruitment, monitoring, and outcome reporting. Software that allows flexibility in study workflow creation and integrates with enterprise EHR systems is critical to the success of POC-R. Conclusions: We developed a flexible web-based informatics solution called ProjectFlow that supports custom research workflow configuration and has ability to integrate data from existing VHA EHR systems.

4.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569707

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors are widely used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their potential to retard Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression has been reported. However, their long-term effects on the dementia/AD risk remain unknown. METHODS: A propensity scored matched retrospective cohort study was conducted among 40,207 patients with RA within the US Veterans Affairs health-care system from 2000 to 2020. RESULTS: A total of 2510 patients with RA prescribed TNF inhibitors were 1:2 matched to control patients. TNF inhibitor use was associated with reduced dementia risk (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.52-0.80), which was consistent as the study period increased from 5 to 20 years after RA diagnosis. TNF inhibitor use also showed a long-term effect in reducing the risk of AD (HR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.39-0.83) during the 20 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION: TNF inhibitor use is associated with lower long-term risk of dementia/AD among US veterans with RA.

5.
Blood Adv ; 5(18): 3511-3514, 2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428278

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a heterogeneous disease that has an increased incidence in African Americans (AAs). We previously observed that, with equal access to health care, younger AA patients (age < 65 years) have superior overall survival (OS) compared with younger White patients. Because MM prognosis is influenced by 17p deletion (del17p), we investigated racial differences in its occurrence and impact in a large cohort of MM patients from the Veterans Affairs (VA) system. Among 2243 VA patients with MM for whom del17p data were available, del17p was present in 8.83% of all patients, with a significantly lower prevalence in AAs (5.56%) compared with Whites (10.52%; P < .001). The difference was even more pronounced among younger AAs (<65 years) vs younger Whites (4.34% vs 9.8%, respectively; P = .004). However, we did not observe any significant difference in survival between AA and White patients with del17p, regardless of age category, suggesting that del17p carries a poor prognosis across race and age. Interestingly, among patients without del17p, we still noted a significantly superior OS in younger AAs compared with younger Whites (7.75 vs 5.10 years; P = .042). Our study shows a lower incidence of del17p in AAs but suggests that the survival advantage for younger AAs is primarily due to factors other than del17p.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Prognóstico
6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(12)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207459

RESUMO

Electronic frailty indices based on data from administrative claims and electronic health records can be used to estimate frailty in large populations of older adults with cancer where direct frailty measures are lacking. The objective of this study was to use the electronic Veterans Affairs Frailty Index (VA-FI-10)-developed and validated to measure frailty in the national United States (US) VA Healthcare System-to estimate the prevalence and impact of frailty in older US veterans newly treated for multiple myeloma (MM) with contemporary therapies. We designed a retrospective cohort study of 4924 transplant-ineligible veterans aged ≥ 65 years initiating MM therapy within VA from 2004 to 2017. Initial MM therapy was measured using inpatient and outpatient treatment codes from pharmacy data in the VA Corporate Data Warehouse. In total, 3477 veterans (70.6%) were classified as frail (VA-FI-10 > 0.2), with 1510 (30.7%) mildly frail (VA-FI-10 > 0.2-0.3), 1105 (22.4%) moderately frail (VA-FI-10 > 0.3-0.4), and 862 (17.5%) severely frail (VA-FI-10 > 0.4). Survival and time to hospitalization decreased with increasing VA-FI-10 severity (log-rank p-value < 0.001); the VA-FI-10 predicted mortality and hospitalizations independently of age, sociodemographic variables, and measures of disease risk. Varying data sources and assessment periods reclassified frailty severity for a substantial portion of veterans but did not substantially affect VA-FI-10's association with mortality. Our study supports use of the VA-FI-10 in future research involving older veterans with MM and provides insights into its potential use in identifying frailty in clinical practice.

8.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 76(7): 1318-1325, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Veterans Affairs Frailty Index (VA-FI) is an electronic frailty index developed to measure frailty using administrative claims and electronic health records data in Veterans. An update to ICD-10 coding is needed to enable contemporary measurement of frailty. METHOD: International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision (ICD-9) codes from the original VA-FI were mapped to ICD-10 first using the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS) General Equivalence Mappings. The resulting ICD-10 codes were reviewed by 2 geriatricians. Using a national cohort of Veterans aged 65 years and older, the prevalence of deficits contributing to the VA-FI and associations between the VA-FI and mortality over years 2012-2018 were examined. RESULTS: The updated VA-FI-10 includes 6422 codes representing 31 health deficits. Annual cohorts defined on October 1 of each year included 2 266 191 to 2 428 115 Veterans, for which the mean age was 76 years, 97%-98% were male, 78%-79% were White, and the mean VA-FI was 0.20-0.22. The VA-FI-10 deficits showed stability before and after the transition to ICD-10 in 2015, and maintained strong associations with mortality. Patients classified as frail (VA-FI > 0.2) consistently had a hazard of death more than 2 times higher than nonfrail patients (VA-FI ≤ 0.1). Distributions of frailty and associations with mortality varied with and without linkage to CMS data and with different assessment periods for capturing deficits. CONCLUSIONS: The updated VA-FI-10 maintains content validity, stability, and predictive validity for mortality in a contemporary cohort of Veterans aged 65 years and older, and may be applied to ICD-9 and ICD-10 claims data to measure frailty.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/classificação , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Veteranos/classificação , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
9.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 113(8): 1084-1093, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Traditional count-based measures of comorbidity are unlikely to capture the complexity of multiple chronic conditions (multimorbidity) in older adults with cancer. We aimed to define patterns of multimorbidity and their impact in older United States veterans with multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS:  We measured 66 chronic conditions in 5076 veterans aged 65 years and older newly treated for MM in the national Veterans Affairs health-care system from 2004 to 2017. Latent class analysis was used to identify patterns of multimorbidity among these conditions. These patterns were then assessed for their association with overall survival, our primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included emergency department visits and hospitalizations. RESULTS: Five patterns of multimorbidity emerged from the latent class analysis, and survival varied across these patterns (log-rank 2-sided P < .001). Older veterans with cardiovascular and metabolic disease (30.9%, hazard ratio [HR] = 1.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.21 to 1.45), psychiatric and substance use disorders (9.7%, HR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.39 to 1.79), chronic lung disease (15.9%, HR = 1.69, 95% CI = 1.53 to 1.87), and multisystem impairment (13.8%, HR = 2.25, 95% CI = 2.03 to 2.50) had higher mortality compared with veterans with minimal comorbidity (29.7%, reference). Associations with mortality were maintained after adjustment for sociodemographic variables, measures of disease risk, and the count-based Charlson Comorbidity Index. Multimorbidity patterns were also associated with emergency department visits and hospitalizations. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate the need to move beyond count-based measures of comorbidity and consider cancer in the context of multiple chronic conditions.

11.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 113(6): 691-698, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging data suggest variability in susceptibility and outcome to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Identifying risk factors associated with infection and outcomes in cancer patients is necessary to develop healthcare recommendations. METHODS: We analyzed electronic health records of the US Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and assessed the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in cancer patients. We evaluated the proportion of cancer patients tested for COVID-19 who were positive, as well as outcome attributable to COVID-19, and stratified by clinical characteristics including demographics, comorbidities, cancer treatment, and cancer type. All statistical tests are 2-sided. RESULTS: Of 22 914 cancer patients tested for COVID-19, 1794 (7.8%) were positive. The prevalence of COVID-19 was similar across age. Higher prevalence was observed in African American (15.0%) compared with White (5.5%; P < .001) and in patients with hematologic malignancy compared with those with solid tumors (10.9% vs 7.8%; P < .001). Conversely, prevalence was lower in current smokers and patients who recently received cancer therapy (<6 months). The COVID-19-attributable mortality was 10.9%. Higher attributable mortality rates were observed in older patients, those with higher Charlson comorbidity score, and in certain cancer types. Recent (<6 months) or past treatment did not influence attributable mortality. Importantly, African American patients had 3.5-fold higher COVID-19-attributable hospitalization; however, they had similar attributable mortality as White patients. CONCLUSION: Preexistence of cancer affects both susceptibility to COVID-19 infection and eventual outcome. The overall COVID-19-attributable mortality in cancer patients is affected by age, comorbidity, and specific cancer types; however, race or recent treatment including immunotherapy do not impact outcome.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/complicações , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
12.
Schizophr Bull ; 47(2): 517-529, 2021 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BIP) are debilitating neuropsychiatric disorders, collectively affecting 2% of the world's population. Recognizing the major impact of these psychiatric disorders on the psychosocial function of more than 200 000 US Veterans, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) recently completed genotyping of more than 8000 veterans with SCZ and BIP in the Cooperative Studies Program (CSP) #572. METHODS: We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in CSP #572 and benchmarked the predictive value of polygenic risk scores (PRS) constructed from published findings. We combined our results with available summary statistics from several recent GWAS, realizing the largest and most diverse studies of these disorders to date. RESULTS: Our primary GWAS uncovered new associations between CHD7 variants and SCZ, and novel BIP associations with variants in Sortilin Related VPS10 Domain Containing Receptor 3 (SORCS3) and downstream of PCDH11X. Combining our results with published summary statistics for SCZ yielded 39 novel susceptibility loci including CRHR1, and we identified 10 additional findings for BIP (28 326 cases and 90 570 controls). PRS trained on published GWAS were significantly associated with case-control status among European American (P < 10-30) and African American (P < .0005) participants in CSP #572. CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated that published findings for SCZ and BIP are robustly generalizable to a diverse cohort of US veterans. Leveraging available summary statistics from GWAS of global populations, we report 52 new susceptibility loci and improved fine-mapping resolution for dozens of previously reported associations.

14.
Patterns (N Y) ; 1(6): 100083, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205130

RESUMO

The Veterans Affairs Precision Oncology Data Repository (VA-PODR) is a large, nationwide repository of de-identified data on patients diagnosed with cancer at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Data include longitudinal clinical data from the VA's nationwide electronic health record system and the VA Central Cancer Registry, targeted tumor sequencing data, and medical imaging data including computed tomography (CT) scans and pathology slides. A subset of the repository is available at the Genomic Data Commons (GDC) and The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA), and the full repository is available through the Veterans Precision Oncology Data Commons (VPODC). By releasing this de-identified dataset, we aim to advance Veterans' health care through enabling translational research on the Veteran population by a wide variety of researchers.

15.
JCO Clin Cancer Inform ; 4: 918-928, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074743

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Increasingly broad patient groups are being treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in clinical practice, but few studies have assessed their usage and outcomes in large, comprehensive real-world cohorts. We identified patients who received ICIs in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system and described patient characteristics and survival outcomes across multiple indications. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis using electronic health record data from VA facilities nationwide. Overall survival (OS) from time of ICI initiation for key indications was estimated by Kaplan-Meier. We also stratified OS by frailty status, as defined by a surrogate index developed in VA data. For select indications, we further compared outcomes to historic and concurrent control patients treated with standard-of-care regimens at the VA. RESULTS: We identified 11,888 patients who were treated with ICIs and determined the cancer type and indication for which they were treated. The cohort is enriched for patient groups that are under-represented in pivotal clinical trials (PCTs), including older, non-White, and/or higher disease burdened patients. Generally, OS observed in the VA cohort is lower than that reported in PCTs. After stratifying VA patients by frailty status, OS among nonfrail patients is more similar to OS reported in PCTs for some indications. Compared with internal VA control cohorts, patients treated with ICIs generally exhibited longer OS for all indications considered. CONCLUSION: This study describes ICI outcomes across multiple tumor types in a real-world population at the VA. For most indications, real-world survival outcomes are observed to be lower than those reported in PCTs, but patients receiving ICIs still achieve longer survival relative to patients receiving standard of care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Veteranos , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 27(11): 1716-1720, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reducing risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection among healthcare personnel requires a robust occupational health response involving multiple disciplines. We describe a flexible informatics solution to enable such coordination, and we make it available as open-source software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a stand-alone application that integrates data from several sources, including electronic health record data and data captured outside the electronic health record. RESULTS: The application facilitates workflows from different hospital departments, including Occupational Health and Infection Control, and has been used extensively. As of June 2020, 4629 employees and 7768 patients and have been added for tracking by the application, and the application has been accessed over 46 000 times. DISCUSSION: Data captured by the application provides both a historical and real-time view into the operational impact of COVID-19 within the hospital, enabling aggregate and patient-level reporting to support identification of new cases, contact tracing, outbreak investigations, and employee workforce management. CONCLUSIONS: We have developed an open-source application that facilitates communication and workflow across multiple disciplines to manage hospital employees impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Gerenciamento de Dados , Pessoal de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Sistemas de Identificação de Pacientes/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Software , Fluxo de Trabalho , Boston , COVID-19 , Surtos de Doenças , Hospitais de Veteranos , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Integração de Sistemas , Estados Unidos
18.
Am J Hum Genet ; 106(4): 535-548, 2020 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243820

RESUMO

The Million Veteran Program (MVP), initiated by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), aims to collect biosamples with consent from at least one million veterans. Presently, blood samples have been collected from over 800,000 enrolled participants. The size and diversity of the MVP cohort, as well as the availability of extensive VA electronic health records, make it a promising resource for precision medicine. MVP is conducting array-based genotyping to provide a genome-wide scan of the entire cohort, in parallel with whole-genome sequencing, methylation, and other 'omics assays. Here, we present the design and performance of the MVP 1.0 custom Axiom array, which was designed and developed as a single assay to be used across the multi-ethnic MVP cohort. A unified genetic quality-control analysis was developed and conducted on an initial tranche of 485,856 individuals, leading to a high-quality dataset of 459,777 unique individuals. 668,418 genetic markers passed quality control and showed high-quality genotypes not only on common variants but also on rare variants. We confirmed that, with non-European individuals making up nearly 30%, MVP's substantial ancestral diversity surpasses that of other large biobanks. We also demonstrated the quality of the MVP dataset by replicating established genetic associations with height in European Americans and African Americans ancestries. This current dataset has been made available to approved MVP researchers for genome-wide association studies and other downstream analyses. Further data releases will be available for analysis as recruitment at the VA continues and the cohort expands both in size and diversity.


Assuntos
Grupos Étnicos/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Controle de Qualidade , Veteranos , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos
19.
Eur Urol ; 77(5): 563-572, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program study #553 was designed to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy added to the standard of care (SOC) for patients who are at high risk for relapse after prostatectomy. OBJECTIVE: To test whether addition of chemotherapy to surgery for high-risk prostate cancer improves progression-free survival (PFS). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Eligible patients after prostatectomy were randomized to the SOC group with observation or to the chemotherapy group with docetaxel and prednisone administered every 3 wk for six cycles. Randomization was stratified for prostate-specific antigen, Gleason, tumor stage, and surgical margin status. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary endpoint was PFS. Secondary endpoints included overall, prostate cancer-specific, and metastasis-free survival, and time to androgen deprivation therapy. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: A total of 298 of the planned 636 patients were randomized. The median follow-up was 59.1 mo (0.2-103.7 mo). For the primary endpoint, the two groups did not statistically differ in PFS (median 55.5 mo in the chemotherapy group and 42.2 mo in the SOC group; test adjusted for site via gamma frailty p=0.21; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.80; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.58-1.11; p=0.18). Prespecified subgroup analyses showed benefit in PFS for patients with tumor stage ≥T3b (HR 0.54, 95% CI 0.32-0.92; p=0.022) and patients with Gleason score ≤7 (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.43-0.99; p=0.046). Secondary endpoint analyses are hampered by low event rates. The most common adverse events (≥grade 3 related or possibly related to chemotherapy) included neutropenia (43%), hyperglycemia (20%), and fatigue (5%), with febrile neutropenia in 2%. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant chemotherapy in high-risk prostate cancer using docetaxel and prednisone did not lead to statistically significant improvement in PFS for the intention-to-treat population as a whole. The analysis was challenged by lower power due to accrual limitation. Subgroup analyses suggest potential benefit for patients with Gleason grade ≤7 and stage≥pT3b (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00132301). PATIENT SUMMARY: In this randomized trial, we tested whether addition of chemotherapy to surgery for high-risk prostate cancer decreased the risk of prostate-specific antigen rise after surgery. We found no benefit from docetaxel given after radical prostatectomy, although some subgroups of patients may benefit.


Assuntos
Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Medição de Risco , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
20.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(2): 94-100, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809329

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer patients are at a higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) than the general population. In the general population, blacks are at a higher risk of VTE compared with whites. The influence of race on cancer-associated VTE remains unexplored. We examined whether black cancer patients are at a higher risk of VTE and whether these differences are present in specific cancer types. DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed in the largest safety net hospital of New England using a cohort of cancer patients characterized by a substantial number of nonwhites. RESULTS: We identified 16,498 subjects with solid organ and hematologic malignancies from 2004 to 2018. Among them, we found 186 unique incident VTE events, of which the majority of the events accrued within the first 2 years of cancer diagnosis. Overall, blacks showed a 3-fold higher incidence of VTE (1.8%) compared with whites (0.6%; P<0.001). This difference was observed in certain cancer types such as lung, gastric and colorectal. In lung cancer, the odds of developing VTE in blacks was 2.77-times greater than those in white patients (confidence interval, 1.33-5.91; P=0.007). Despite the greater incidence of cancer-associated VTE in blacks, their Khorana risk score of VTE was not higher. CONCLUSIONS: In a diverse cancer cohort, we observed a higher incidence of cancer-associated VTE in blacks compared with patients from other races. This study indicates the consideration of race in the risk assessment of cancer-associated VTE. It could also lead to future mechanistic studies aiming at identifying reasons for differential VTE risk depending on cancer type.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/etnologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etnologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etnologia , Masculino , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Neoplasias da Próstata/etnologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
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