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1.
Europace ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141150

RESUMO

AIMS : The aim of the study was to investigate differences in clinical outcomes and complication rates among European atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation centres related to the volume of AF ablations performed. METHODS AND RESULTS : Data for this analysis were extracted from the ESC EHRA EORP European AF Ablation Long-Term Study Registry. Based on 33rd and 67th percentiles of number of AF ablations performed, the participating centres were classified into high volume (HV) (≥ 180 procedures/year), medium volume (MV) (<180 and ≥74/year), and low volume (LV) (<74/year). A total of 91 centres in 26 European countries enrolled in 3368 patients. There was a significantly higher reporting of cardiovascular complications and stroke incidence in LV centres compared with HV and MV (P = 0.039 and 0.008, respectively) and a lower success rate after AF ablation (55.3% in HV vs. 57.2% in LV vs. 67.4% in MV centres, P < 0.001), despite lower CHA2DS2-VASc score of patients, enrolled in LVs and less complex ablation techniques used. Adjustments of confounding factors (including type of AF ablation) led to elimination of these differences. CONCLUSION : Low-volume centres tended to present slightly higher cardiovascular complications' and stroke incidence and a lower unadjusted success rate after AF ablation, despite the fact that ablation procedures and patients were of lower risk compared with MV and HV centres. On the other hand, adjusted overall complication and recurrence rates were non-significantly different among different volume centres, a fact reflecting the heterogeneity of patient and procedural profiles, and a counterbalance between expertise and risk level among participating centres.

3.
Europace ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063124

RESUMO

AIMS: Our aim was to analyse whether using delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (DE-CMR) to localize veno-atrial gaps in atrial fibrillation (AF) redo ablation procedures improves outcomes during follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a case-control study with 35 consecutive patients undergoing a DE-CMR-guided Repeat-pulmonary vein isolation (Re-PVI) procedure. Those with more extensive ablations (e.g. roof lines, box) were excluded. Patients were matched for age, sex, AF pattern, and left atrial dimension with 35 patients who had undergone a conventional Re-PVI procedure guided with a three dimensional (3D)-navigation system. Procedural characteristics were recorded, and patients were followed for 24 months in a specialized outpatient clinic. The primary endpoint was freedom from recurrent AF, atrial tachycardia, or flutter. The duration of CMR-guided procedures was shorter compared to the conventional group (161 ± 52 vs. 195 ± 72 min, respectively, P = 0.049), with no significant differences in fluoroscopy or total radiofrequency time. At the 2-year follow-up, more patients in the DE-CMR-guided group remained free from recurrences compared with the conventional group (70% vs. 39%, respectively, P = 0.007). In univariate Cox-regression analyses, AF pattern [persistent AF, hazard ratio (HR) 2.66 (1.27-5.46), P = 0.006] and the use of DE-CMR [HR 0.36 (0.17-0.79), P = 0.009] predicted recurrences during follow-up; both factors remained independent predictors in multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION: The substrate characterization provided by DE-CMR facilitates the identification of anatomical veno-atrial gaps and associates with shorter procedures and better clinical outcomes in repeated AF ablation procedures.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998306

RESUMO

Brugada syndrome is a rare inherited arrhythmogenic disease leading to ventricular fibrillation and high risk of sudden death. In 1998, this syndrome was linked with a genetic variant with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. To date, rare variants identified in more than 40 genes have been potentially associated with this disease. Variants in regulatory regions, combinations of common variants and other genetic alterations are also proposed as potential origins of Brugada syndrome, suggesting a polygenic or oligogenic inheritance pattern. However, most of these genetic alterations remain of questionable causality; indeed, rare pathogenic variants in the SCN5A gene are the only established cause of Brugada syndrome. Comprehensive analysis of all reported genetic alterations identified the origin of disease in no more than 40% of diagnosed cases. Therefore, identifying the cause of this rare arrhythmogenic disease in the many families without a genetic diagnosis is a major current challenge in Brugada syndrome. Additional challenges are interpretation/classification of variants and translation of genetic data into clinical practice. Further studies focused on unraveling the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the disease are needed. Here we provide an update on the genetic basis of Brugada syndrome.

5.
Int J Cardiol ; 320: 161-167, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The electrocardiographic (ECG) definition of Brugada syndrome (BS) can be challenging because benign ECG abnormalities, such as right bundle branch block (RBBB), may mimic pathological ECG characteristics of BrS. However, although myocardial delay and deformation can be quantified by advanced imaging, it has not yet been used to differentiate between BrS and RBBB. The aim of this study was to characterize the electro-mechanical behavior of the heart of patients with type-1 BrS and isolated complete RBBB in order to differentiate these conditions. METHODS: In this two-center study, 66 subjects were analyzed by standard and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE): 22 type-1 BrS, 24 isolated complete RBBB, and 20 healthy subjects. The participants were not treated by any drug potentially influencing myocardial conduction. RESULTS: Standard echocardiographic parameters did not differ among the groups. The greatest right ventricular (RV) mechanical dispersion was found in RBBB. Mean absolute deviations (MADs) of time-to-peak longitudinal strain calculated for each left ventricular (LV) region were greater in patients with RBBB as compared to BrS (p < .01). No differences were found between BrS and controls (p = .36). MADs in the basal segments in RBBB group were greater than MADs found in BrS group and controls (37.3 ms vs. 26.7 ms and 29.0 ms, respectively, p < .05). The greatest differences were found in the antero-septal, anterior, lateral, and infero-septal basal segments. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced echocardiographic techniques may help to differentiate between BrS and RBBB. Indeed, STE allows to identify an electro-mechanical conduction delay in RBBB patients that is not found in patients affected by type-1 BrS.

6.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(7): 1836-1843, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367567

RESUMO

Intense exercise-induced right ventricular remodeling is a potential adaptation of cardiac function and structure. The features of the remodeling may overlap with those of a very early form of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC): at this early stage, it could be difficult to discriminate ARVC, from exercise-induced cardiac adaptation that may develop in normal individuals. The purpose of this paper is to discuss which exercise-induced remodeling may be a pathological or a physiological finding. A complete evaluation may be required to identify the pathological features of ARVC that would include potential risk of sudden cardiac death during sport or, to avoid the false diagnosis of ARVC. The most recent expert assessment of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy focuses on endurance athletes presenting with clinical features indistinguishable from ARVC.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 41(36): 3437-3447, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372094

RESUMO

AIMS: The EUropean Comparative Effectiveness Research to Assess the Use of Primary ProphylacTic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (EU-CERT-ICD), a prospective investigator-initiated, controlled cohort study, was conducted in 44 centres and 15 European countries. It aimed to assess current clinical effectiveness of primary prevention ICD therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited 2327 patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and guideline indications for prophylactic ICD implantation. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Clinical characteristics, medications, resting, and 12-lead Holter electrocardiograms (ECGs) were documented at enrolment baseline. Baseline and follow-up (FU) data from 2247 patients were analysable, 1516 patients before first ICD implantation (ICD group) and 731 patients without ICD serving as controls. Multivariable models and propensity scoring for adjustment were used to compare the two groups for mortality. During mean FU of 2.4 ± 1.1 years, 342 deaths occurred (6.3%/years annualized mortality, 5.6%/years in the ICD group vs. 9.2%/years in controls), favouring ICD treatment [unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.682, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.537-0.865, P = 0.0016]. Multivariable mortality predictors included age, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), New York Heart Association class

8.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 47: 102281, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248082

RESUMO

Over the last ten years, analysis of copy number variants has increasingly been applied to the study of arrhythmogenic pathologies associated with sudden death, mainly due to significant advances in the field of massive genetic sequencing. Nevertheless, few published reports have focused on the prevalence of copy number variants associated with sudden cardiac death. As a result, the frequency of these genetic alterations in arrhythmogenic diseases as well as their genetic interpretation and clinical translation has not been established. This review summarizes the current available data concerning copy number variants in sudden cardiac death-related diseases.

9.
EBioMedicine ; 54: 102732, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate interpretation of rare genetic variants is a challenge for clinical translation. Updates in recommendations for rare variant classification require the reanalysis and reclassification. We aim to perform an exhaustive re-analysis of rare variants associated with inherited arrhythmogenic syndromes, which were classified ten years ago, to determine whether their classification aligns with current standards and research findings. METHODS: In 2010, the rare variants identified through genetic analysis were classified following recommendations available at that time. Nowadays, the same variants have been reclassified following current American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics recommendations. FINDINGS: Our cohort included 104 cases diagnosed with inherited arrhythmogenic syndromes and 17 post-mortem cases in which inherited arrhythmogenic syndromes was cause of death. 71.87% of variants change their classification. While 65.62% of variants were classified as likely pathogenic in 2010, after reanalysis, only 17.96% remain as likely pathogenic. In 2010, 18.75% of variants were classified as uncertain role but nowadays 60.15% of variants are classified of unknown significance. INTERPRETATION: Reclassification occurred in more than 70% of rare variants associated with inherited arrhythmogenic syndromes. Our results support the periodical reclassification and personalized clinical translation of rare variants to improve diagnosis and adjust treatment. FUNDING: Obra Social "La Caixa Foundation" (ID 100010434, LCF/PR/GN16/50290001 and LCF/PR/GN19/50320002), Fondo Investigacion Sanitaria (FIS PI16/01203 and FIS, PI17/01690), Sociedad Española de Cardiología, and "Fundacio Privada Daniel Bravo Andreu".

10.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(8): 1232-1240, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a growing health burden, and pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using cryoballoon (CB) or radiofrequency (RF) represents an attractive therapeutic option. Sex-specific differences in the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation of AF and PVI are recognized. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at comparing the efficacy, safety, and procedural characteristics of CB and RF in women and men undergoing a first PVI procedure. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies comparing CB and RF ablation with at least 1 year of follow-up. After merging individual patient data from 18 data sets, we investigated the sex-specific (procedure failure defined as recurrence of atrial arrhythmia, reablation, and reinitiation of antiarrhythmic medication), safety (periprocedural complications), and procedural characteristics of CB vs RF using Kaplan-Meier and multilevel models. RESULTS: From the 18 studies, 4840 men and 1979 women were analyzed. An analysis stratified by sex correcting for several covariates showed a better efficacy of CB in men (hazard ratio for recurrence 0.88; 95% confidence interval 0.78-0.98, P = .02) but not in women (hazard ratio 0.98; 95% confidence interval 0.83-1.16; P = .82). For women and men, the energy source had no influence on the occurrence of at least 1 complication. For both sexes, the procedure time was significantly shorter with CB (-22.5 minutes for women and -27.1 minutes for men). CONCLUSION: CB is associated with less long-term failures in men. A better understanding of AF-causal sex-specific mechanisms and refinements in CB technologies could lead to higher success rates in women.

11.
PLoS Med ; 17(3): e1003040, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic QT interval prolongation is the most widely used risk marker for ventricular arrhythmia potential and thus an important component of drug cardiotoxicity assessments. Several antimalarial medicines are associated with QT interval prolongation. However, interpretation of electrocardiographic changes is confounded by the coincidence of peak antimalarial drug concentrations with recovery from malaria. We therefore reviewed all available data to characterise the effects of malaria disease and demographic factors on the QT interval in order to improve assessment of electrocardiographic changes in the treatment and prevention of malaria. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data. We searched clinical bibliographic databases (last on August 21, 2017) for studies of the quinoline and structurally related antimalarials for malaria-related indications in human participants in which electrocardiograms were systematically recorded. Unpublished studies were identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) Evidence Review Group (ERG) on the Cardiotoxicity of Antimalarials. Risk of bias was assessed using the Pharmacoepidemiological Research on Outcomes of Therapeutics by a European Consortium (PROTECT) checklist for adverse drug events. Bayesian hierarchical multivariable regression with generalised additive models was used to investigate the effects of malaria and demographic factors on the pretreatment QT interval. The meta-analysis included 10,452 individuals (9,778 malaria patients, including 343 with severe disease, and 674 healthy participants) from 43 studies. 7,170 (68.6%) had fever (body temperature ≥ 37.5°C), and none developed ventricular arrhythmia after antimalarial treatment. Compared to healthy participants, patients with uncomplicated falciparum malaria had shorter QT intervals (-61.77 milliseconds; 95% credible interval [CI]: -80.71 to -42.83) and increased sensitivity of the QT interval to heart rate changes. These effects were greater in severe malaria (-110.89 milliseconds; 95% CI: -140.38 to -81.25). Body temperature was associated independently with clinically significant QT shortening of 2.80 milliseconds (95% CI: -3.17 to -2.42) per 1°C increase. Study limitations include that it was not possible to assess the effect of other factors that may affect the QT interval but are not consistently collected in malaria clinical trials. CONCLUSIONS: Adjustment for malaria and fever-recovery-related QT lengthening is necessary to avoid misattributing malaria-disease-related QT changes to antimalarial drug effects. This would improve risk assessments of antimalarial-related cardiotoxicity in clinical research and practice. Similar adjustments may be indicated for other febrile illnesses for which QT-interval-prolonging medications are important therapeutic options.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Malária/fisiopatologia , Potenciais de Ação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antimaláricos/efeitos adversos , Arritmias Cardíacas/induzido quimicamente , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arritmias Cardíacas/parasitologia , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal , Cardiotoxicidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/parasitologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lactente , Malária/diagnóstico , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Malária/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(2): 138-144, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET5-821

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: El electrocardiograma (ECG) se ha propuesto como prueba de cribado de cardiopatías para jóvenes asintomáticos, pero hay controversia sobre su uso sistemático y no se dispone de datos sobre esta población en nuestro medio. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar la prevalencia y la variedad de hallazgos electrocardiográficos en una población de estudiantes de secundaria. MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional descriptivo sobre un ECG en reposo de todos los estudiantes de 13 a 14 años de una comarca de la provincia de Girona entre 2009 y 2017. Los ECG se clasificaron en 3 grupos según los criterios de Corrado et al. modificados: ECG sin alteraciones, hallazgos electrocardiográficos que indiquen adaptación fisiológica y hallazgos electrocardiográficos patológicos. Se remitió a un hospital terciario solo a los estudiantes con alteraciones patológicas, a los que se realizaron pruebas complementarias según un protocolo preestablecido. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 1.911 ECG, con una participación del 79% del total de alumnos. No presentaron alteraciones los ECG de 1.321 alumnos (69%); los de 554 alumnos (29%) tenían signos de adaptación fisiológica y los de 36 (2%), hallazgos patológicos (2%). Se llegó al diagnóstico de cardiopatía en 5 alumnos del grupo con hallazgos electrocardiográficos patológicos (14%). La prevalencia de cardiopatía en este grupo de jóvenes asintomáticos fue del 0,3%. CONCLUSIONES: En un tercio de la población estudiada se obtuvieron hallazgos electrocardiográficos, que mayoritariamente indicaban adaptación fisiológica. Se identificó cardiopatía en 1 de cada 7 alumnos con ECG patológico, aunque la prevalencia general de cardiopatía fue baja


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been used in the evaluation of young asymptomatic individuals to detect pre-existing heart disease, but systematic ECG use is controversial and there are no data on this population in our environment. We aimed to determine the prevalence and spectrum of electrocardiographic findings in a population of secondary school students. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study of resting ECG findings in all 13 to 14-year-old secondary school students in a region of the province of Gerona between 2009 and 2017. ECG findings were classified into 3 groups according to the modified criteria of Corrado et al.: normal ECG findings, ECG findings suggestive of adaptive changes, and pathologic findings. Students with pathologic ECG findings were referred to a tertiary hospital, and complementary tests were performed according to a pre-established protocol. RESULTS: A total of 1911 ECGs were obtained, with a participation rate of 79% of all high school students. In all, 1321 students (69%) had a normal ECG, 554 (29%) showed ECG findings suggestive of adaptive changes, and 36 (2%) had pathologic ECG findings. Among the group with pathologic findings, 5 (14%) had cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of heart disease in this group of asymptomatic secondary school students was 0.3%. CONCLUSIONS: One third of the students had ECG findings that were mostly suggestive of physiological adaptation. One seventh of the students with pathologic ECG findings had pre-existing heart disease, although the overall prevalence of pre-existing heart disease was low

15.
Europace ; 22(4): 598-606, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101605

RESUMO

AIMS: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) substrate-based ablation has become a standard procedure. Electroanatomical mapping (EAM) detects scar tissue heterogeneity and define conduction channels (CCs) that are the ablation target. Late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) is able to depict CCs and increase ablation success. Most patients undergoing VT ablation have an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) that can cause image artefacts in LGE-CMR. Recently wideband (WB) LGE-CMR sequence has demonstrated to decrease these artefacts. The aim of this study is to analyse accuracy of WB-LGE-CMR in identifying the CC entrances. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirteen consecutive ICD-patients who underwent VT ablation after WB-LGE-CMR were included. Number and location of CC entrances in three-dimensional EAM and in WB-LGE-CMR reconstruction were compared. Concordance was compared with a historical cohort matched by cardiomyopathy, scar location, and age (26 patients) with LGE-CMR prior to ICD and VT ablation. In WB-CMR group, 101 and 93 CC entrances were identified in EAM and WB-LGE-CMR, respectively. In historical cohort, 179 CC entrances were identified in both EAM and LGE-CMR. The EAM/CMR concordance was 85.1% and 92.2% in the WB and historical group, respectively (P = 0.66). There were no differences in false-positive rate (CC entrances detected in CMR and absent in EAM: 7.5% vs 7.8% in WB vs. conventional CMR, P = 0.92) nor in false-negative rate (CC entrances present in EAM not detected in CMR: 14.9% vs.7.8% in WB vs. conventional CMR, P = 0.23). Epicardial CCs was predictor of poor CMR/EAM concordance (OR 2.15, P = 0.031). CONCLUSION: Use of WB-LGE-CMR sequence in ICD-patients allows adequate VT substrate characterization to guide VT ablation with similar accuracy than conventional LGE-CMR in patients without an ICD.

17.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(4): 868-874, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Micra transcatheter pacemaker system (TPS) usually achieves low implant pacing threshold (IPT). However, IPT may increase in some patients during follow-up. AIM: To apply implant parameters in predicting long-term occurrence of very high pacing threshold (VHPT) in patients with Micra-TPS. METHODS: A cohort of 110 consecutive patients implanted with a Micra-TPS from 2014 to 2018 was evaluated at discharge and at 1, 12, 24, 36, and 48 months follow-up. VHPT was defined as greater than 2 V/0.24 ms. VHPT predictors were identified. RESULTS: Micra-TPS was implanted successfully in 108 patients (98.2%). During a mean follow-up of 24 ± 16 months, 18 patients (16.7%) died of causes nonpacemaker-related, and 4 (3.8%) developed VHPT. Patients with VHPT had higher IPT and lower implant impedance than patients with non-VHPT: 1 ± 0.31 vs 0.55 ± 0.29 V/0.24 ms (P = .003) and 580 ± 59 vs 837 ± 232 Ω (P = .03), respectively. IPT and impedance had excellent discriminative power to predict VHPT (area under the curve: 0.85 ± 0.07 and 0.91 ± 0.05, respectively). Negative predictive value (NPV) of IPT ≤ 0.5 V/0.24 ms was 100%; positive predictive value (PPV) was 8% throughout follow-up. Implant impedance ≤ 600 Ω had NPV of 99% throughout follow-up, whereas PPV varied: 16%, 21%, 16%, and 28% at 1, 12, 24, and 36 months, respectively. Sequential combination of IPT greater than 0.5 V/0.24 ms and impedance ≤ 600 Ω improved PPV to 25%, 35%, 27%, and 44%, respectively, whereas NPV remained 99% throughout follow-up. CONCLUSION: Despite favorable long-term electrical performance of Micra-TPS, a small percent of patients developed VHPT during follow-up. A sequential combination of IPT and impedance could allow the implanter to identify patients who will develop VHPT during long-term follow-up.

19.
Europace ; 22(2): 250-258, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768523

RESUMO

AIMS: Rhythm control management in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) may be unequal across Europe. The aim of this study was to investigate how selective the patient cohort referred for AF ablation is, as compared to the general AF population in Europe, and to describe the governing mechanisms for such selection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Descriptive comparative statistical analyses of the baseline characteristics were performed between the cohorts of Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Long-Term (ESC EORP AFA-LT) registry, designed to provide a picture of contemporary real-world AF ablation, and the AF population from the AF-General (ESC EORP AF-Gen) pilot registry. Data collection was performed using a web-based system. In the AFA and in the Atrial Fibrillation General (AFG) pilot registries, 3593 and 3049 patients were enrolled, respectively. Patients who underwent AF ablation were younger, more commonly male, and had significantly less comorbidities. Atrial Fibrillation Ablation patients often presented without comorbidities, resulting in a lower risk of stroke (CHA2DS2-VASc ≥5: 2.9% vs. 24.5%, all P < 0.001) and bleeding (HAS-BLED ≥2: 8.5% vs. 40.5%, P < 0.001) but with European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) scores >1 and more prevalent AF-related symptoms such as palpitations, fatigue, and weakness (all P < 0.001) as compared to the general AF patients. Atrial Fibrillation Ablation patients were significantly more often male, had higher left ventricular ejection fraction (59.5% vs. 52.4%) and smaller left atrial size on echocardiogram (P < 0.001 each). CONCLUSION: The comparison of the patient cohorts in the AFA and AFG registries showed that AF ablation in European clinical practice is mostly performed in relatively young, symptomatic and relatively healthy patients.

20.
Europace ; 22(3): 382-387, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821484

RESUMO

AIMS: Cryoballoon (CB) ablation has emerged as a reliable modality to isolate pulmonary veins (PVs) in atrial fibrillation. Ablation lesions and the long-term effects of energy delivery can be assessed by delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR). The aim of the study was to compare the number, extension, and localization of gaps in CB and radiofrequency (RF) techniques in pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients submitted to PVI with CB in whom DE-CMR images were available (n = 30) were matched (1:1) to patients who underwent PVI with RF (n = 30), considering age, sex, hypertension, and diabetes. Delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance was obtained at 3 months post-procedure, and images were processed to assess the mean number of gaps around PV ostia, their localization, and the normalized gap length (NGL), calculated as the difference between total gap length and total PV perimeter. Patients were followed up for 12 months. The CB and RF procedures did not differ in the mean number of gaps per patient (4.40 vs. 5.13 gaps, respectively; P = 0.21) nor NGL (0.35 vs. 0.32, P = 0.59). For both techniques, a higher mean number of gaps were detected in right vs. left PVs (3.18 vs. 1.58, respectively; P = 0.01). The incidence of recurrences did not differ between techniques (odds ratio 1.87, 95% confidence interval 0.66-4.97; P = 0.29). CONCLUSION: Location and extension of ablation gaps in PVI did not differ between CB and RF groups in DE-CMR image analysis.

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