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1.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 47: 102281, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248082

RESUMO

Over the last ten years, analysis of copy number variants has increasingly been applied to the study of arrhythmogenic pathologies associated with sudden death, mainly due to significant advances in the field of massive genetic sequencing. Nevertheless, few published reports have focused on the prevalence of copy number variants associated with sudden cardiac death. As a result, the frequency of these genetic alterations in arrhythmogenic diseases as well as their genetic interpretation and clinical translation has not been established. This review summarizes the current available data concerning copy number variants in sudden cardiac death-related diseases.

2.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 73(2): 139-144, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287239

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been used in the evaluation of young asymptomatic individuals to detect pre-existing heart disease, but systematic ECG use is controversial and there are no data on this population in our environment. We aimed to determine the prevalence and spectrum of electrocardiographic findings in a population of secondary school students. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study of resting ECG findings in all 13 to 14-year-old secondary school students in a region of the province of Gerona between 2009 and 2017. ECG findings were classified into 3 groups according to the modified criteria of Corrado et al.: normal ECG findings, ECG findings suggestive of adaptive changes, and pathologic findings. Students with pathologic ECG findings were referred to a tertiary hospital, and complementary tests were performed according to a pre-established protocol. RESULTS: A total of 1911 ECGs were obtained, with a participation rate of 79% of all high school students. In all, 1321 students (69%) had a normal ECG, 554 (29%) showed ECG findings suggestive of adaptive changes, and 36 (2%) had pathologic ECG findings. Among the group with pathologic findings, 5 (14%) had cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of heart disease in this group of asymptomatic secondary school students was 0.3%. CONCLUSIONS: One third of the students had ECG findings that were mostly suggestive of physiological adaptation. One seventh of the students with pathologic ECG findings had pre-existing heart disease, although the overall prevalence of pre-existing heart disease was low.

3.
Am Heart J ; 220: 213-223, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic syncope in Brugada syndrome (BrS) increases the risk of major events. Nevertheless, clinical differentiation between cardiogenic and vasovagal syncope can be challenging. We characterized the long-term incidence of major events in a large cohort of BrS patients who presented with syncope. METHODS: From a total of 474 patients, syncope was the initial manifestation in 135 (28.5%) individuals (43.9 ±â€¯13.9 years, 71.1% male). The syncope was classified prospectively as cardiogenic, vasovagal, or undefined if unclear characteristics were present. Clinical, electrocardiographic, genetic, and electrophysiologic features were analyzed. Cardiogenic syncope, sustained ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden death were considered major events in follow-up. RESULTS: In 66 patients (48.9%), the syncope was cardiogenic; in 51 (37.8%), vasovagal and in 18 (13.3%); undefined. The electrophysiology study (EPS) inducibility was more frequent in patients with cardiogenic syncope and absent in all patients with undefined syncope (28 [53.8%] vs 5 [12.2%] vs 0 [0%]; P < .01). During follow-up (7.7 ±â€¯5.6 years), only patients with cardiogenic syncope presented major events (16 [11.9%]). Among patients with inducible EPS, 7 (21.2%) presented major events (P = .04). The negative predictive value of the EPS for major events was 92.4%. The incidence rate of major events was 2.6% person-year. Parameters associated with major events included cardiogenic syncope (hazard ratio [HR] 6.3; 95% CI 1.1-10.4; P = .05), spontaneous type 1 electrocardiogram (HR 3.7; 95% CI 1.3-10.5; P = .01), and inducible EPS (HR 2.8; 95% CI 1.1-8.8; P = .05). CONCLUSIONS: An accurate syncope classification is crucial in BrS patients for risk stratification. In patients with syncope of unclear characteristics, the EPS may be helpful to prevent unnecessary implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(24)2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847486

RESUMO

This study sought to identify and localize SLO1 channels in boar spermatozoa by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence, and to determine their physiological role during in vitro sperm capacitation. Sperm samples from 14 boars were incubated in a capacitation medium for 300 min in the presence of paxilline (PAX), a specific SLO1-channel blocker, added either at 0 min or after 240 min of incubation. Negative controls were incubated in capacitation medium, and positive controls in capacitation medium plus tetraethyl ammonium (TEA), a general K+-channel blocker, also added at 0 min or after 240 min of incubation. In all samples, acrosome exocytosis was triggered with progesterone after 240 min of incubation. Sperm motility and kinematics, integrity of plasma and acrosome membranes, membrane lipid disorder, intracellular calcium levels and acrosin activity were evaluated after 0, 60, 120, 180, 240, 250, 270 and 300 min of incubation. In boar spermatozoa, SLO1 channels were found to have 80 kDa and be localized in the anterior postacrosomal region and the mid and principal piece of the tail; their specific blockage through PAX resulted in altered calcium levels and acrosome exocytosis. As expected, TEA blocker impaired in vitro sperm capacitation, by altering sperm motility and kinematics and calcium levels. In conclusion, SLO1 channels are crucial for the acrosome exocytosis induced by progesterone in in vitro capacitated boar spermatozoa.

5.
Biomolecules ; 9(10)2019 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614896

RESUMO

The voltage-gated sodium channel is vital for cardiomyocyte function, and consists of a protein complex containing a pore-forming α subunit and two associated ß subunits. A fundamental, yet unsolved, question is to define the precise function of ß subunits. While their location in vivo remains unclear, large evidence shows that they regulate localization of α and the biophysical properties of the channel. The current data support that one of these subunits, ß2, promotes cell surface expression of α. The main α isoform in an adult heart is NaV1.5, and mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding NaV1.5, often lead to hereditary arrhythmias and sudden death. The association of ß2 with cardiac arrhythmias has also been described, which could be due to alterations in trafficking, anchoring, and localization of NaV1.5 at the cardiomyocyte surface. Here, we will discuss research dealing with mechanisms that regulate ß2 trafficking, and how ß2 could be pivotal for the correct localization of NaV1.5, which influences cellular excitability and electrical coupling of the heart. Moreover, ß2 may have yet to be discovered roles on cell adhesion and signaling, implying that diverse defects leading to human disease may arise due to ß2 mutations.

6.
J Biol Chem ; 294(44): 16123-16140, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511323

RESUMO

The voltage-gated sodium channel is critical for cardiomyocyte function and consists of a protein complex comprising a pore-forming α subunit and two associated ß subunits. It has been shown previously that the associated ß2 subunits promote cell surface expression of the α subunit. The major α isoform in the adult human heart is NaV1.5, and germline mutations in the NaV1.5-encoding gene, sodium voltage-gated channel α subunit 5 (SCN5A), often cause inherited arrhythmias. Here, we investigated the mechanisms that regulate ß2 trafficking and how they may determine proper NaV1.5 cell surface localization. Using heterologous expression in polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, we show that ß2 is N-glycosylated in vivo and in vitro at residues 42, 66, and 74, becoming sialylated only at Asn-42. We found that fully nonglycosylated ß2 was mostly retained in the endoplasmic reticulum, indicating that N-linked glycosylation is required for efficient ß2 trafficking to the apical plasma membrane. The nonglycosylated variant reached the cell surface by bypassing the Golgi compartment at a rate of only approximately one-third of that of WT ß2. YFP-tagged, nonglycosylated ß2 displayed mobility kinetics in the plane of the membrane similar to that of WT ß2. However, it was defective in promoting surface localization of NaV1.5. Interestingly, ß2 with a single intact glycosylation site was as effective as the WT in promoting NaV1.5 surface localization. In conclusion, our results indicate that N-linked glycosylation of ß2 is required for surface localization of NaV1.5, a property that is often defective in inherited cardiac arrhythmias.

7.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 43: 102159, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522018

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the functional impact of two combined KCNH2 variants involved in atrial fibrillation, syncope and sudden infant death syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Genetic testing of a 4-month old SIDS victim identified a rare missense heterozygous in KCNH2 variant (V483I) and a missense homozygous polymorphism (K897T) which is often described as a genetic modifier. Electrophysiological characterisation of heterologous HERG channels representing two different KCNH2 genotypes within the family, showed significant differences in both voltage and time dependence of activation and inactivation with a global gain-of-function effect of mutant versus wild type channels and, also, differences between both types of recombinant channels. CONCLUSIONS: The rare variant V483I in combination with K897T produces a gain-of-function effect that represents a pathological substrate for atrial fibrillation, syncope and sudden infant death syndrome events in this family. Ascertaining the genotype-phenotype correlation of genetic variants is imperative for the correct assessment of genetic testing and counselling. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: According to the current guidelines for clinical interpretation of sequence variants, functional studies are an essential tool for the ascertainment of variant pathogenicity. They are especially relevant in the context of sudden infant death syndrome and sudden cardiac death, where individuals cannot be clinically evaluated. The patch-clamp technique is a gold-standard for analysis of the biophysical mechanisms of ion channels.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Canal de Potássio ERG1/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Linhagem , Morte Súbita do Lactente/genética , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo Genético
8.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(10): 1468-1474, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited information on ethnic differences between patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and arrhythmic events (AEs). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG), electrophysiological, and genetic characteristics between white and Asian patients with BrS and AEs. METHODS: The Survey on Arrhythmic Events in Brugada Syndrome is a multicenter survey from Western and Asian countries, gathering 678 patients with BrS and first documented AE. After excluding patients with other (n = 14 [2.1%]) or unknown (n = 30 [4.4%]) ethnicity, 364 (53.7%) whites and 270 (39.8%) Asians comprised the study group. RESULTS: There was no difference in AE age onset (41.3 ± 16.1 years in whites vs 43.3 ± 12.3 years in Asians; P = .285). Higher proportions of whites were observed in pediatric and elderly populations. Asians were predominantly men (98.1% vs 85.7% in whites; P < .001) and frequently presented with aborted cardiac arrest (71.1% vs 56%; P < .001). Asians tended to display more spontaneous type 1 BrS-ECG pattern (71.5% vs 64.3%; P = .068). A family history of sudden cardiac death was noted more in whites (29.1% vs 11.5%; P < .001), with a higher rate of SCN5A mutation carriers (40.1% vs 13.2% in Asians; P < .001), as well as more fever-related AEs (8.5% vs 2.9%; P = .011). No difference was observed between the 2 groups regarding history of syncope and ventricular arrhythmia inducibility. CONCLUSION: There are important differences between Asian and white patients with BrS. Asian patients present almost exclusively as male adults, more often with aborted cardiac arrest and spontaneous type 1 BrS-ECG. However, they have less family history of sudden cardiac death and markedly lower SCN5A mutation rates. The striking difference in SCN5A mutation rates should be tested in future studies.

9.
J Clin Med ; 8(7)2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315195

RESUMO

Short QT syndrome, one of the most lethal entities associated with sudden cardiac death, is a rare genetic disease characterized by short QT intervals detected by electrocardiogram. Several genetic variants are causally linked to the disease, but there has yet to be a comprehensive analysis of variants among patients with short QT syndrome. To fill this gap, we performed an exhaustive study of variants currently catalogued as deleterious in short QT syndrome according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Analysis of the 32 variants described in the literature determined that only nine (28.12%) have a conclusive pathogenic role. All definitively pathogenic variants are located in KCNQ1, KCNH2, or KCNJ2; three genes encoding potassium channels. Other variants located in genes encoding calcium or sodium channels are associated with electrical alterations concomitant with shortened QT intervals but do not guarantee a diagnosis of short QT syndrome. We recommend caution regarding previously reported variants classified as pathogenic. An exhaustive re-analysis is necessary to clarify the role of each variant before routinely translating genetic findings to the clinical setting.

10.
Nutrients ; 11(7)2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331073

RESUMO

The lysine-specific histone demethylase 1A (LSD1) also known as lysine (K)-specific demethylase 1A (KDM1A) is a central epigenetic regulator of metabolic reprogramming in obesity-associated diseases, neurological disorders, and cancer. Here, we evaluated the ability of oleacein, a biophenol secoiridoid naturally present in extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), to target LSD1. Molecular docking and dynamic simulation approaches revealed that oleacein could target the binding site of the LSD1 cofactor flavin adenosine dinucleotide with high affinity and at low concentrations. At higher concentrations, oleacein was predicted to target the interaction of LSD1 with histone H3 and the LSD1 co-repressor (RCOR1/CoREST), likely disturbing the anchorage of LSD1 to chromatin. AlphaScreen-based in vitro assays confirmed the ability of oleacein to act as a direct inhibitor of recombinant LSD1, with an IC50 as low as 2.5 µmol/L. Further, oleacein fully suppressed the expression of the transcription factor SOX2 (SEX determining Region Y-box 2) in cancer stem-like and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which specifically occurs under the control of an LSD1-targeted distal enhancer. Conversely, oleacein failed to modify ectopic SOX2 overexpression driven by a constitutive promoter. Overall, our findings provide the first evidence that EVOO contains a naturally occurring phenolic inhibitor of LSD1, and support the use of oleacein as a template to design new secoiridoid-based LSD1 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/farmacologia , Histona Desmetilases/antagonistas & inibidores , Azeite de Oliva/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Aldeídos/análise , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Correpressoras/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Histona Desmetilases/química , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Fenóis/análise , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética
11.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 12(4): 389-390, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309403

RESUMO

The name of author M. Alejandra Restrepo-Cordoba was parsed incorrectly (in such a way as to suggest that her surname is "Alejandra Restrepo-Cordoba") in this article as published.

13.
Front Genet ; 10: 450, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156706

RESUMO

Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of inherited cardiac diseases characterized by progressive myocardium abnormalities associated with mechanical and/or electrical dysfunction. Massive genetic sequencing technologies allow a comprehensive genetic analysis to unravel the cause of disease. However, most identified genetic variants remain of unknown clinical significance due to incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity. Therefore, genetic interpretation of variants and translation into clinical practice remain a current challenge. We performed retrospective comprehensive clinical assessment and genetic analysis in six families, four diagnosed with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, and two diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Genetic testing identified three rare variants (two non-sense and one small indel inducing a frameshift), each present in two families. Although each variant is currently classified as pathogenic and the cause of the diagnosed cardiomyopathy, the onset and/or clinical course differed in each patient. New genetic technology allows comprehensive yet cost-effective genetic analysis, although genetic interpretation, and clinical translation of identified variants should be carefully done in each family in a personalized manner.

14.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(6): 479-486, jun. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4393

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La enfermedad de Danon (ED) es una enfermedad producida por mutaciones en el gen LAMP2. Se la considera una enfermedad multisistémica caracterizada por miocardiopatía hipertrófica con preexcitación e hipertrofia extrema, discapacidad intelectual, miopatía, presentación infantil y peor pronóstico en varones. Hay pocas series que permitan conocer las características clínicas y el pronóstico de la ED. Métodos: Se analizaron los registros clínicos de los pacientes con ED de 10 hospitales españoles. Resultados: Se incluyó a 27 pacientes (edad, 31 +/- 19 años; el 78% mujeres). Los varones mostraron una elevada prevalencia de manifestaciones extracardiacas -miopatía (80%), trastornos del aprendizaje (83%) y alteraciones visuales (60%)- que eran infrecuentes en las mujeres (el 5, el 0 y el 27% respectivamente). Aunque la miocardiopatía hipertrófica era la cardiopatía más habitual (61%), el grosor ventricular máximo fue 15 +/- 7 mm y 12 pacientes (10 mujeres) presentaron miocardiopatía dilatada. Solo 11 pacientes (49%) mostraron preexcitación y en 16 (65%) la enfermedad se inició después de los 20 años. Tras una mediana de seguimiento de 4 años [intervalo intercuartílico, 2-9], 4 varones (67%) y 9 mujeres (43%) fallecieron o se sometieron a trasplante. El daño cardiaco y los eventos adversos ocurrieron más tardíamente en las mujeres (37 +/- 9 frente a 23 +/- 16 años y 36 +/- 20 frente a 20 +/- 11 años). Conclusiones: Las características clínicas de la ED difieren sustancialmente de lo considerado tradicionalmente. La edad de presentación de la ED es más tardía, no se expresa como una enfermedad multisistémica en las mujeres y la preexcitación es poco frecuente


Introduction and objectives: Danon disease (DD) is caused by mutations in the LAMP2 gene. It is considered a multisystemic disease characterized by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with pre-excitation and extreme hypertrophy, intellectual disability, myopathy, childhood presentation, and worse prognosis in men. There are scarce data on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of DD. Methods: We analyzed the clinical records of patients with DD from 10 Spanish hospitals. Results: Twenty-seven patients were included (mean age, 31 +/- 19 years; 78% women). Male patients showed a high prevalence of extracardiac manifestations: myopathy (80%), learning disorders (83%), and visual alterations (60%), which were uncommon findings in women (5%, 0%, and 27%, respectively). Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was the most common form of heart disease (61%), the mean maximum wall thickness was 15 +/- 7 mm and dilated cardiomyopathy was present in 12 patients (10 women). Pre-excitation was found in only 11 patients (49%). Age at presentation was older than 20 years in 16 patients (65%). After a median follow-up of 4 years (interquartile range, 2-9), 4 men (67%) and 9 women (43%) died or required a transplant. Cardiac disease and adverse events occurred later in women (37 +/- 9 vs 23 +/- 16 and 36 +/- 20 vs 20 +/- 11 years, respectively). Conclusions: The clinical characteristics of DD differ substantially from traditional descriptions: age at presentation of DD is older, the disease is not multisystemic in women, and pre-excitation is infrequent

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(9)2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032819

RESUMO

Brugada syndrome is an inherited, rare cardiac arrhythmogenic disease, associated with sudden cardiac death. It accounts for up to 20% of sudden deaths in patients without structural cardiac abnormalities. The majority of mutations involve the cardiac sodium channel gene SCN5A and give rise to classical abnormal electrocardiogram with ST segment elevation in the right precordial leads V1 to V3 and a predisposition to ventricular fibrillation. The pathophysiological mechanisms of Brugada syndrome have been investigated using model systems including transgenic mice, canine heart preparations, and expression systems to study different SCN5A mutations. These models have a number of limitations. The recent development of pluripotent stem cell technology creates an opportunity to study cardiomyocytes derived from patients and healthy individuals. To date, only a few studies have been done using Brugada syndrome patient-specific iPS-CM, which have provided novel insights into the mechanisms and pathophysiology of Brugada syndrome. This review provides an evaluation of the strengths and limitations of each of these model systems and summarizes the key mechanisms that have been identified to date.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Brugada/etiologia , Síndrome de Brugada/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Biomarcadores , Síndrome de Brugada/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Brugada/terapia , Diferenciação Celular , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Cães , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mutação , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018519

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, also known as SUDEP, is the main cause of death in patients with epilepsy. SUDEP has an incidence of 1.2 per 1000 person-years in adults and 0.2 per 1000 person-years in children. SUDEP accounts for 8-17% of deaths in patients with epilepsy. It is commonly associated with a history of generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and its risk may be increased by other factors such as postictal electroencephalographic suppression, prone sleeping position, altered heart rate variability, conduction abnormalities, gender, or antiepileptic medications. Recently, electrocardiograms, electroencephalograms, and imaging markers have helped clinicians stratify SUDEP risk and identify patients in need of close monitoring. However, the pathophysiology of SUDEP is likely multifactorial and still unknown. Improving the knowledge of SUDEP incidence, risk factors, and biomarkers can help design and implement effective prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita/epidemiologia , Epilepsia/genética , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas/patologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita/patologia , Epilepsia/epidemiologia , Epilepsia/patologia , Epilepsia/fisiopatologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
18.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(14): 1756-1765, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Information on young patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and arrhythmic events (AEs) is limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe their characteristics and management as well as risk factors for AE recurrence. METHODS: A total of 57 patients (age ≤20 years), all with BrS and AEs, were divided into pediatric (age ≤12 years; n = 26) and adolescents (age 13 to 20 years; n = 31). RESULTS: Patients' median age at time of first AE was 14 years, with a majority of males (74%), Caucasians (70%), and probands (79%) who presented as aborted cardiac arrest (84%). A significant proportion of patients (28%) exhibited fever-related AE. Family history of sudden cardiac death (SCD), prior syncope, spontaneous type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG), inducible ventricular fibrillation at electrophysiological study, and SCN5A mutations were present in 26%, 49%, 65%, 28%, and 58% of patients, respectively. The pediatric group differed from the adolescents, with a greater proportion of females, Caucasians, fever-related AEs, and spontaneous type-1 ECG. During follow-up, 68% of pediatric and 64% of adolescents had recurrent AE, with median time of 9.9 and 27.0 months, respectively. Approximately one-third of recurrent AEs occurred on quinidine therapy, and among the pediatric group, 60% of recurrent AEs were fever-related. Risk factors for recurrent AE included sinus node dysfunction, atrial arrhythmias, intraventricular conduction delay, or large S-wave on ECG lead I in the pediatric group and the presence of SCN5A mutation among adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: Young BrS patients with AE represent a very arrhythmogenic group. Current management after first arrhythmia episode is associated with high recurrence rate. Alternative therapies, besides defibrillator implantation, should be considered.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas , Síndrome de Brugada , Parada Cardíaca , Quinidina/uso terapêutico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Adolescente , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Síndrome de Brugada/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Brugada/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Brugada/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Brugada/terapia , Criança , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas/métodos , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Anamnese/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Síncope/diagnóstico , Síncope/epidemiologia , Síncope/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Hum Mutat ; 40(6): 749-764, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821013

RESUMO

Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited arrhythmogenic disease associated with sudden cardiac death. The main gene is SCN5A. Additional variants in 42 other genes have been reported as deleterious, although these variants have not yet received comprehensive pathogenic analysis. Our aim was to clarify the role of all currently reported variants in minor genes associated with BrS. We performed a comprehensive analysis according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines of published clinical and basic data on all genes (other than SCN5A) related to BrS. Our results identified 133 rare variants potentially associated with BrS. After applying current recommendations, only six variants (4.51%) show a conclusive pathogenic role. All definitively pathogenic variants were located in four genes encoding sodium channels or related proteins: SLMAP, SEMA3A, SCNN1A, and SCN2B. In total, 33.83% of variants in 19 additional genes were potentially pathogenic. Beyond SCN5A, we conclude definitive pathogenic variants associated with BrS in four minor genes. The current list of genes associated with BrS, therefore, should include SCN5A, SLMAP, SEMA3A, SCNN1A, and SCN2B. Comprehensive genetic interpretation and careful clinical translation should be done for all variants currently classified as potentially deleterious for BrS.

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