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1.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(1): 352-356, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical oncology patients are vulnerable to persistent opioid use. As such, we aim to compare opioid prescribing to opioid consumption for common surgical oncology procedures. METHODS: We prospectively identified patients undergoing common surgical oncology procedures at a single academic institution (August 2017-March 2018). Patients were contacted by telephone within 6 months of surgery and asked to report their opioid consumption and describe their discharge instructions and opioid handling practices. RESULTS: Of the 439 patients who were approached via telephone, 270 completed at least one survey portion. The median quantity of opioid prescribed was significantly larger than consumed following breast biopsy (5 vs. 2 tablets of 5 mg oxycodone, p < .001), lumpectomy (10 vs. 2 tablets of 5 mg oxycodone, p < .001), and mastectomy or wide local excision (20 tablets vs. 2 tablets of 5 mg oxycodone, p < .001). The majority of patients reported receiving education on taking opioids, but only 27% received instructions on proper disposal; 82% of prescriptions filled resulted in unused opioids, and only 11% of these patients safely disposed of them. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that opioid prescribing exceeds consumption following common surgical oncology procedures, indicating the potential for reductions in prescribing.

2.
Transplantation ; 105(1): 100-107, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opioid use in liver transplantation is poorly understood and has potential associated morbidity. METHODS: Using a national data set of employer-based insurance claims, we identified 1257 adults who underwent liver transplantation between December 2009 and February 2015. We categorized patients based on their duration of opioid fills over the year before and after transplant admission as opioid-naive/no fills, chronic opioid use (≥120 d supply), and intermittent use (all other use). We calculated risk-adjusted prevalence of peritransplant opioid fills, assessed changes in opioid use after transplant, and identified correlates of persistent or increased opioid use posttransplant. RESULTS: Overall, 45% of patients filled ≥1 opioid prescription in the year before transplant (35% intermittent use, 10% chronic). Posttransplant, 61% of patients filled an opioid prescription 0-2 months after discharge, and 21% filled an opioid between 10-12 months after discharge. Among previously opioid-naive patients, 4% developed chronic use posttransplant. Among patients with pretransplant opioid use, 84% remained intermittent or increased to chronic use, and 73% of chronic users remained chronic users after transplant. Pretransplant opioid use (risk factor) and hepatobiliary malignancy (protective) were the only factors independently associated with risk of persistent or increased posttransplant opioid use. CONCLUSIONS: Prescription opioid use is common before and after liver transplant, with intermittent and chronic use largely persisting, and a small development of new chronic use posttransplant. To minimize the morbidity of long-term opioid use, it is critical to improve pain management and optimize opioid use before and after liver transplant.

3.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the risk of new persistent opioid use after cardiac surgery, post-discharge opioid use has not been quantified and evidence-based prescribing guidelines have not been established. METHODS: Opioid-naïve patients undergoing primary cardiac surgery via median sternotomy between January-December 2019 at 10 hospitals participating in a statewide collaborative were selected. Clinical data were linked to patient-reported outcomes collected at 30-day follow-up. An opioid prescribing recommendation stratified by inpatient opioid use on the day before discharge (0, 1-3, or ≥4 pills) was implemented in July 2019. Interrupted time-series analyses were performed for prescription size and post-discharge opioid use before (January-June) and after (July-December) guideline implementation. RESULTS: Among 1495 patients (729 pre- and 766 post-recommendation), median prescription size decreased from 20 to 12 pills after recommendation release (p<0.001), while opioid use decreased from 3 to 0 pills (p<0.001). Change in prescription size over time was +0.6 pills/month before and -0.8 pills/month after the recommendation (difference: -1.4 pills/month, p=0.036). Change in patient use was +0.6 pills/month before and -0.4 pills/month after the recommendation (difference: -1.0 pills/month, p=0.017). Pain levels during the first week after surgery and refills were unchanged. Patients using 0 pills before discharge (n=710) were prescribed a median of 0 pills and used 0, while those using 1-3 pills (n=536) were prescribed 20 and used 7, and those using ≥4 pills (n=249) were prescribed 32 and used 24. CONCLUSIONS: An opioid prescribing recommendation was effective, and prescribing after cardiac surgery should be guided by inpatient use.

4.
Ann Behav Med ; 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma and adversity have been linked to chronic pain and pain sensitivity, particularly centralized pain. Yet, there remain numerous gaps in our understanding of this link. PURPOSE: We explored the association between nonviolent and violent childhood trauma and a component of centralized pain (i.e., generalized sensory sensitivity) and pain sensitivity using self-report measures of centralized pain and quantitative sensory testing (QST). METHODS: Patients scheduled for a total knee arthroplasty (n = 129) completed questionnaires and QST prior to surgery. RESULTS: We found that self-report measures of centralized pain (i.e., widespread pain, somatic awareness, and sensory sensitivity) displayed a graded relationship across trauma groups, with patients with a history of violent trauma reporting the highest scores. Univariable multinomial logistic regression analyses showed that higher sensory sensitivity was associated with increased risk of being in the nonviolent trauma group compared to the no trauma group. Furthermore, higher widespread pain, higher somatic awareness, and higher sensory sensitivity distinguished the violent trauma group from the no trauma group. In multivariable analyses, sensory sensitivity is uniquely distinguished between the violent trauma group and the no trauma group. QST did not distinguish between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The findings highlight the need for future research and interventions that reduce sensory sensitivity for chronic pain patients with a history of violent childhood trauma.

5.
Surgery ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery is a common gateway to opioid-related morbidity. Ambulatory anorectal cases are common, with opioids widely prescribed, but there is limited data on their role in this crisis. We sought to determine prescribing trends, new persistent opioid use rates, and factors associated with new persistent opioid use after ambulatory anorectal procedures. METHODS: The Optum Clinformatics claims database was analyzed for opioid-naïve adults undergoing outpatient hemorrhoid, fissure, or fistula procedures from January 1, 2010, to June 30, 2017. The main outcome measure was the rate of new persistent opioid use after anorectal cases. Secondary outcomes were annual rates of perioperative opioid fills and the prescription size over time (oral morphine equivalents). RESULTS: A total of 23,426 cases were evaluated: 69.09% (n = 16,185) hemorrhoids, 24.29% (n = 5,690) fissures, and 6.45% (n = 1,512) fistulas. The annual rate of perioperative opioid fills decreased on average 1.2%/year, from 72% in 2010 to 66% in 2017 (P < .001). Prescribing rates were consistently highest for fistulas, followed by hemorrhoids, then fissures (P < .001). There was a significant reduction in prescription size (oral morphine equivalents) over the study period, with median oral morphine equivalents (interquartile range) of 280 (250-400) in 2010 and 225 (150-375) in 2017 (P < .0001). Overall, 2.1% (n = 499) developed new persistent opioid use. Logistic regression found new persistent opioid use was associated with additional perioperative opioid fills (odds ratio 3.92; 95% confidence interval: 2.92-5.27; P < .0001), increased comorbidity (odds ratio 1.15; confidence interval: 1.09-1.20; P < .00001), tobacco use (odds ratio 1.79; confidence interval: 1.37-2.36; P < .0001), and pain disorders (odds ratio, 1.49; confidence interval, 1.23-1.82); there was no significant association with procedure performed. CONCLUSION: Over 2% of ambulatory anorectal procedures develop new persistent opioid use. Despite small annual reductions in opioid prescriptions, there has been little change in the amount prescribed. This demonstrates a need to develop and disseminate best practices for anorectal surgery, focusing on eliminating unnecessary opioid prescribing.

6.
PLoS Genet ; 16(11): e1009077, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175840

RESUMO

Phenotypes extracted from Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are increasingly prevalent in genetic studies. EHRs contain hundreds of distinct clinical laboratory test results, providing a trove of health data beyond diagnoses. Such lab data is complex and lacks a ubiquitous coding scheme, making it more challenging than diagnosis data. Here we describe the first large-scale cross-health system genome-wide association study (GWAS) of EHR-based quantitative laboratory-derived phenotypes. We meta-analyzed 70 lab traits matched between the BioVU cohort from the Vanderbilt University Health System and the Michigan Genomics Initiative (MGI) cohort from Michigan Medicine. We show high replication of known association for these traits, validating EHR-based measurements as high-quality phenotypes for genetic analysis. Notably, our analysis provides the first replication for 699 previous GWAS associations across 46 different traits. We discovered 31 novel associations at genome-wide significance for 22 distinct traits, including the first reported associations for two lab-based traits. We replicated 22 of these novel associations in an independent tranche of BioVU samples. The summary statistics for all association tests are freely available to benefit other researchers. Finally, we performed mirrored analyses in BioVU and MGI to assess competing analytic practices for EHR lab traits. We find that using the mean of all available lab measurements provides a robust summary value, but alternate summarizations can improve power in certain circumstances. This study provides a proof-of-principle for cross health system GWAS and is a framework for future studies of quantitative EHR lab traits.

8.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite increases in cannabis use generally and for pain management, data regarding cannabis use in patients undergoing surgery are lacking. This study examined the prevalence of cannabis use among patients undergoing elective surgery and explored differences in clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes between cannabis users and non-cannabis users. METHODS: This prospective study included 1335 adults undergoing elective surgery. Participants completed self-report questionnaires preoperative and at 3-month and 6-month postsurgery to assess clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Overall, 5.9% (n=79) of patients reported cannabis use (53.2% medical, 19.0% recreational and 25.3% medical and recreational). On the day of surgery, cannabis users reported worse pain, more centralized pain symptoms, greater functional impairment, higher fatigue, greater sleep disturbances and more symptoms of anxiety and depression versus non-cannabis users (all p<0.01). Additionally, a larger proportion of cannabis users reported opioid (27.9%) and benzodiazepine use (19.0%) compared with non-cannabis users (17.5% and 9.2%, respectively). At 3 and 6 months, cannabis users continued to report worse clinical symptoms; however, both groups showed improvement across most domains (p≤0.05). At 6 months, the groups did not differ on surgical outcomes, including surgical site pain (p=0.93) or treatment efficacy (p=0.88). CONCLUSIONS: Cannabis use is relatively low in this surgical population, yet cannabis users have higher clinical pain, poorer scores on quality of life indicators, and higher opioid use before and after surgery. Cannabis users reported similar surgical outcomes, suggesting that cannabis use did not impede recovery.

10.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 45(12): 949-954, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the association between self-reported opioid disposal education and self-reported disposal of leftover opioids among older adults. DESIGN: Web-based survey from the National Poll on Healthy Aging (March 2018) using population-based weighting for nationally representative estimates. SUBJECTS: Older adults aged 50-80 years who reported filling an opioid prescription within the past 2 years. METHODS: Respondents were asked whether they received education from a prescriber or pharmacist on how to dispose of leftover opioids and whether they disposed of leftover opioids from recent prescriptions. The association between self-reported opioid disposal education and self-reported disposal of leftover opioids was estimated with multivariable logistic regression, testing for interactions with respondent demographics. RESULTS: Among 2013 respondents (74% response rate), 596 (28.9% (26.8%-31.2%)) were prescribed opioids within the past 2 years. Education on opioid disposal was reported by 40.1% of respondents (35.8%-44.5%). Among 295 respondents with leftover medication, 19.0% (14.6%-24.5%) disposed of the leftover medications. Opioid disposal education was associated with a greater likelihood of self-reported disposal of leftover opioids among non-white respondents as compared with white non-Hispanic respondents (36.7% (16.8%-56.6%) vs 7.8% (0.1%-15.6%), p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In this nationally representative survey, 49% had leftover opioids, yet only 20% of older adults reported disposal of leftover opioids. Opioid disposal education was variable in delivery, but was associated with disposal behaviors among certain populations. Strategies to promote disposal should integrate patient education on the risks of leftover opioid medications and explore additional barriers to accessing opioid disposal methods.

11.
BMJ Qual Saf ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opioids are prescribed in excess after surgery. We leveraged our continuous quality improvement infrastructure to implement opioid prescribing guidelines and subsequently evaluate changes in postoperative opioid prescribing, consumption and patient satisfaction/pain in a statewide regional health system. METHODS: We collected data regarding postoperative prescription size, opioid consumption and patient-reported outcomes from February 2017 to May 2019, from a 70-hospital surgical collaborative. Three iterations of prescribing guidelines were released. An interrupted time series analysis before and after each guideline release was performed. Linear regression was used to identify trends in consumption and patient-reported outcomes over time. RESULTS: We included 36 022 patients from 69 hospitals who underwent one of nine procedures in the guidelines, of which 15 174 (37.3%) had complete patient-reported outcomes data following surgery. Before the intervention, prescription size was decreasing over time (slope: -0.7 tablets of 5 mg oxycodone/month, 95% CI -1.0 to -0.5 tablets, p<0.001). After the first guideline release, prescription size declined by -1.4 tablets/month (95% CI -1.8 to -1.0 tablets, p<0.001). The difference between these slopes was significant (p=0.006). The second guideline release resulted in a relative increase in slope (-0.3 tablets/month, 95% CI -0.1 to -0.6, p<0.001). The third guideline release resulted in no change (p=0.563 for the intervention). Overall, mean (SD) prescription size decreased from 25 (17) tablets of 5 mg oxycodone to 12 (8) tablets. Opioid consumption also decreased from 11 (16) to 5 (7) tablets (p<0.001), while satisfaction and postoperative pain remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: The use of procedure-specific prescribing guidelines reduced statewide postoperative opioid prescribing by 50% while providing satisfactory pain care. These results demonstrate meaningful impact on opioid prescribing using evidence-based best practices and serve as an example of successful utilisation of a regional health collaborative for quality improvement.

12.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(11): 2686-2699, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: While rare variants in the COL5A1 gene have been associated with classical Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and rarely with arterial dissections, recurrent variants in COL5A1 underlying a systemic arteriopathy have not been described. Monogenic forms of multifocal fibromuscular dysplasia (mFMD) have not been previously defined. Approach and Results: We studied 4 independent probands with the COL5A1 pathogenic variant c.1540G>A, p.(Gly514Ser) who presented with arterial aneurysms, dissections, tortuosity, and mFMD affecting multiple arteries. Arterial medial fibroplasia and smooth muscle cell disorganization were confirmed histologically. The COL5A1 c.1540G>A variant is predicted to be pathogenic in silico and absent in gnomAD. The c.1540G>A variant is on a shared 160.1 kb haplotype with 0.4% frequency in Europeans. Furthermore, exome sequencing data from a cohort of 264 individuals with mFMD were examined for COL5A1 variants. In this mFMD cohort, COL5A1 c.1540G>A and 6 additional relatively rare COL5A1 variants predicted to be deleterious in silico were identified and were associated with arterial dissections (P=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: COL5A1 c.1540G>A is the first recurring variant recognized to be associated with arterial dissections and mFMD. This variant presents with a phenotype reminiscent of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. A shared haplotype among probands supports the existence of a common founder. Relatively rare COL5A1 genetic variants predicted to be deleterious by in silico analysis were identified in ≈2.7% of mFMD cases, and as they were enriched in patients with arterial dissections, may act as disease modifiers. Molecular testing for COL5A1 should be considered in patients with a phenotype overlapping with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and mFMD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/genética , Artérias/patologia , Colágeno Tipo V/genética , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/genética , Displasia Fibromuscular/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/patologia , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/patologia , Feminino , Displasia Fibromuscular/diagnóstico por imagem , Displasia Fibromuscular/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4432, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887874

RESUMO

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a non-atherosclerotic cause of myocardial infarction (MI), typically in young women. We undertook a genome-wide association study of SCAD (Ncases = 270/Ncontrols = 5,263) and identified and replicated an association of rs12740679 at chromosome 1q21.2 (Pdiscovery+replication = 2.19 × 10-12, OR = 1.8) influencing ADAMTSL4 expression. Meta-analysis of discovery and replication samples identified associations with P < 5 × 10-8 at chromosome 6p24.1 in PHACTR1, chromosome 12q13.3 in LRP1, and in females-only, at chromosome 21q22.11 near LINC00310. A polygenic risk score for SCAD was associated with (1) higher risk of SCAD in individuals with fibromuscular dysplasia (P = 0.021, OR = 1.82 [95% CI: 1.09-3.02]) and (2) lower risk of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and MI in the UK Biobank (P = 1.28 × 10-17, HR = 0.91 [95% CI :0.89-0.93], for MI) and Million Veteran Program (P = 9.33 × 10-36, OR = 0.95 [95% CI: 0.94-0.96], for CAD; P = 3.35 × 10-6, OR = 0.96 [95% CI: 0.95-0.98] for MI). Here we report that SCAD-related MI and atherosclerotic MI exist at opposite ends of a genetic risk spectrum, inciting MI with disparate underlying vascular biology.


Assuntos
Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/genética , Genes Neoplásicos , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Doenças Vasculares/congênito , Proteínas ADAMTS/genética , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/complicações , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/genética , Cromossomos/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Feminino , Displasia Fibromuscular/complicações , Displasia Fibromuscular/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Proteína-1 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/genética , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Vasculares/genética
15.
J Gen Intern Med ; 35(10): 2917-2924, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite increasing numbers of older adults undergoing surgery and the known risks of opioids, little is known about the potential association between opioid prescribing and serious falls and fall-related injuries after surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors of serious falls and fall-related injuries after elective, outpatient surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 20% national sample of Medicare claims among beneficiaries ≥ 65 years of age with Medicare Part D claims and who underwent elective outpatient surgery from January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Opioid-naïve patients ≥ 65 years undergoing elective, minor, outpatient surgical procedures. The exposure was opioid prescription fills in the perioperative period (i.e., 30 days before up until 3 days after surgery) converted to total oral morphine equivalents (OME) over a period 30 days prior to and 30 days after surgery. MAIN MEASURES: Serious falls and fall-related injuries within 30 days after surgery, examined through Poisson regression analysis with reported fall and fall-related injury rates adjusted for potential confounders. KEY RESULTS: Among 44,247 opioid-naïve surgical patients, 76.3% filled an opioid prescription in the perioperative period. Overall, 0.62% of patients suffered a serious fall or fall-related injury within 30 days after surgery. Risk factors for serious falls or fall-related injuries after surgery included older age (80-84 years: RR 1.64, 95% CI 1.12-2.40; 85 years and older: RR 1.81, 95% CI 1.25-2.86), female sex (RR 3.04, 95% CI 2.29-4.05), Medicaid eligibility (RR 1.63, 95% CI 1.17-2.26), and higher amounts of opioids filled following surgery (≥ 225 OME: RR 2.29, 95% CI 1.72-3.07). CONCLUSIONS: Serious falls after elective, outpatient surgery are uncommon, but correlated with age, sex, Medicaid eligibility, and the amount of opioids filled in the perioperative period. Judicious prescribing of opioids after surgery is paramount and is an opportunity to improve the safety of surgical care among older individuals.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3981, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769997

RESUMO

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is critical for normal development and metabolism. To better understand the genetic contribution to TSH levels, we conduct a GWAS meta-analysis at 22.4 million genetic markers in up to 119,715 individuals and identify 74 genome-wide significant loci for TSH, of which 28 are previously unreported. Functional experiments show that the thyroglobulin protein-altering variants P118L and G67S impact thyroglobulin secretion. Phenome-wide association analysis in the UK Biobank demonstrates the pleiotropic effects of TSH-associated variants and a polygenic score for higher TSH levels is associated with a reduced risk of thyroid cancer in the UK Biobank and three other independent studies. Two-sample Mendelian randomization using TSH index variants as instrumental variables suggests a protective effect of higher TSH levels (indicating lower thyroid function) on risk of thyroid cancer and goiter. Our findings highlight the pleiotropic effects of TSH-associated variants on thyroid function and growth of malignant and benign thyroid tumors.


Assuntos
Pleiotropia Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Tireotropina/genética , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Bócio/genética , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética , Fenótipo , Mapeamento Físico do Cromossomo , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Tireoglobulina/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia
17.
Am J Surg ; 220(4): 823-827, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effects of surgeon characteristics such as surgeon experience on differences in opioid prescribing after surgery. METHODS: We evaluated a 20% national sample of Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years old who underwent 15 different types of surgery to identify surgeon characteristics associated with opioid prescription size filled within seven days of discharge using a multi-level linear model. RESULTS: 174,141 patients and 13,828 surgeons met inclusion criteria. 53.8% of patients filled an opioid prescription within seven days postoperatively. The amount of opioids prescribed after surgery was highest for patients whose surgeons were early in practice (i.e. 0-7 years in practice). Surgeon credentials, type of surgery, and geographic region were associated with differing sizes of opioid fills postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Surgeon characteristics such as cumulative years of practice contribute to differences in prescribing behavior after surgery. These findings can help develop strategic interventions to enhance opioid stewardship.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Cirurgia Geral , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Ann Surg ; 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients consume less opioid after minimally invasive colectomy compared to open colectomy. BACKGROUND: Opioids are overprescribed after surgery, and surgeons are under increasing pressure to reduce postoperative opioid prescribing. In colorectal surgery, minimally invasive approaches are partly justified by reduced inpatient opioid use, but there are no studies comparing post-discharge opioid consumption between minimally invasive and open colectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of adult patients undergoing colectomy from January 2017 to May 2018 in the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative database. After postoperative day 30, patients were contacted by phone or email and asked to report post-discharge opioid consumption. The main outcome measure was post-discharge opioid consumption, and the primary predictor was surgical approach (minimally invasive vs open). Zero-inflated negative binomial regression analysis was used to test for an association between surgical approach and opioid consumption. RESULTS: We identified 562 patients who underwent minimally invasive or open colectomy from 43 hospitals. After multivariable adjustment, no significant difference was demonstrated in opioid consumption (P = 0.54) or the likelihood of using no opioids (P = 0.39) between patients undergoing minimally versus open colectomy. Larger prescriptions were associated with more opioid use and a lower likelihood of using no opioids. Age greater than 65 and diagnosis of cancer/adenoma were associated with less opioid use. CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing minimally invasive and open colectomy consume similar amounts of opioid after discharge. The size of the postoperative prescription, patient age, and diagnosis are more important in determining opioid use. Understanding factors influencing postoperative opioid requirements may allow surgeons to better tailor prescriptions to patient needs.

20.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): 304-310, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675543

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe if patients with chronic opioid use with a consistent usual prescriber (UP) prior to surgery and if early return to that UP (<30 d) would be associated with fewer high risk prescribing events in the postoperative period. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Over 10 million people each year are prescribed opioids for chronic pain. There is little evidence regarding coordination of opioid management and best practices for patients on long-term opioid therapy patients following surgery. METHODS: The study design is a retrospective cohort study. We identified 5749 commercially insured patients aged 18 to 64 with chronic opioid use who underwent elective surgery between January 2008 and March 2015. The predictors were presence of a UP and early return (<30 d from surgery) to a UP. The primary outcome was new high-risk opioid prescribing in the 90-day postoperative period (multiple prescribers, overlapping opioid and/or benzodiazepine prescriptions, new long acting opioid prescriptions, or new dose escalations to > 100 mg OME). RESULTS: In this cohort, 73.8% of patients were exposed to high risk prescribing postoperatively. Overall, 10% of patients did not have a UP preoperatively, and were more likely to have prescriptions from multiple prescribers (OR 2.23 95% CI 1.75-2.83) and new long acting opioid prescriptions (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.05-2.71). Among patients with a UP, earlier return was associated with decreased odds of receiving prescriptions from multiple prescribers (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.68-0.95). CONCLUSION: Patients without a UP prior to surgery are more likely to be exposed to high-risk opioid prescribing following surgery. Among patients who have a UP, early return visits may enhance care coordination with fewer prescribers.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Michigan , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos , Adulto Jovem
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