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1.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 34(10): 967-977, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512117

RESUMO

Asthma, a chronic inflammatory airway disease, shares several common pathophysiological mechanisms with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our aim was to assess the prospective associations between asthma, levels of asthma control and risk of AMI. We followed 57,104 adults without previous history of AMI at baseline from Nord-Trøndelag health study (HUNT) in Norway. Self-reported asthma was categorised as active asthma (i.e., using asthma medication) and non-active asthma (i.e., not using asthma medication). Levels of asthma control were defined as controlled, partly controlled, and uncontrolled based on the Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines. AMI was ascertained by linking HUNT data with hospital records. A total of 2868 AMI events (5.0%) occurred during a mean (SD) follow-up of 17.2 (5.4) years. Adults with active asthma had an estimated 29% higher risk of developing AMI [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.29, 95% CI 1.08-1.54] compared with adults without asthma. There was a significant dose-response association between asthma control and AMI risk, with highest risk in adults with uncontrolled asthma (adjusted HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.13-2.66) compared to adults with controlled asthma (p for trend < 0.05). The associations were not explained by smoking status, physical activity and C-reactive protein levels. Our study suggests that active asthma and poor asthma control are associated with moderately increased risk of AMI. Further studies are needed to evaluate causal relationship and the underlying mechanisms and to clarify the role of asthma medications in the risk of AMI.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Asma/fisiopatologia , Asma/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Noruega/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Blood ; 134(19): 1645-1657, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420334

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality. To advance our understanding of the biology contributing to VTE, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of VTE and a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) based on imputed gene expression from whole blood and liver. We meta-analyzed GWAS data from 18 studies for 30 234 VTE cases and 172 122 controls and assessed the association between 12 923 718 genetic variants and VTE. We generated variant prediction scores of gene expression from whole blood and liver tissue and assessed them for association with VTE. Mendelian randomization analyses were conducted for traits genetically associated with novel VTE loci. We identified 34 independent genetic signals for VTE risk from GWAS meta-analysis, of which 14 are newly reported associations. This included 11 newly associated genetic loci (C1orf198, PLEK, OSMR-AS1, NUGGC/SCARA5, GRK5, MPHOSPH9, ARID4A, PLCG2, SMG6, EIF5A, and STX10) of which 6 replicated, and 3 new independent signals in 3 known genes. Further, TWAS identified 5 additional genetic loci with imputed gene expression levels differing between cases and controls in whole blood (SH2B3, SPSB1, RP11-747H7.3, RP4-737E23.2) and in liver (ERAP1). At some GWAS loci, we found suggestive evidence that the VTE association signal for novel and previously known regions colocalized with expression quantitative trait locus signals. Mendelian randomization analyses suggested that blood traits may contribute to the underlying risk of VTE. To conclude, we identified 16 novel susceptibility loci for VTE; for some loci, the association signals are likely mediated through gene expression of nearby genes.

3.
Respirology ; 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Post-bronchodilator (BD) lung function is recommended for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, often only pre-BD lung function is used in clinical practice or epidemiological studies. We aimed to compare the discrimination ability of pre-BD and post-BD lung function to predict all-cause mortality. METHODS: Participants aged ≥40 years with airflow limitation (n = 2538) and COPD (n = 1262) in the second survey of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT2, 1995-1997) were followed up until 31 December 2015. Survival analysis and time-dependent area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) were used to compare the discrimination ability of pre-BD and post-BD lung function (percent-predicted forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1 ) (ppFEV1 ), FEV1 z-score, FEV1 quotient (FEV1 Q), modified Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) categories or GOLD grades). RESULTS: Among 2538 participants, 1387 died. The AUC for pre-BD and post-BD ppFEV1 to predict mortality were 60.8 and 61.8 (P = 0.005), respectively, at 20 years' follow-up. The corresponding AUC for FEV1 z-score were 58.5 and 60.4 (P < 0.001), for FEV1 Q were 68.7 and 70.1 (P = 0.002) and for modified GOLD categories were 62.3 and 64.5 (P < 0.001). Among participants with COPD, the AUC for pre-BD and post-BD ppFEV1 were 57.0 and 58.8 (P < 0.001), respectively. The corresponding AUC for FEV1 z-score were 53.1 and 55.8 (P < 0.001), for FEV1 Q were 63.6 and 65.1 (P = 0.037) and for GOLD grades were 56.0 and 57.0 (P = 0.268). CONCLUSION: Mortality was better predicted by post-BD than by pre-BD lung function; however, they differed only by a small margin. The discrimination ability using GOLD grades among COPD participants was similar.

4.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 2, 2019 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although dynamic lung volume is not considered a limiting factor of peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in healthy subjects, an association between forced expiratory lung volume in one second (FEV1) and VO2peak has been reported in a healthy population aged 69 - 77 years. We hypothesized that a corresponding association could be found in a healthy general population including young and middle-aged subjects. METHODS: In a population-based study in Norway, we investigated the association between FEV1 above the lower limit of normal (LLN) and VO2peak using linear regression and assessed the ventilatory reserve (VR) in healthy subjects aged 20 - 79 years (n = 741). RESULTS: On average, one standard deviation (SD) increase in FEV1 was associated with 1.2 ml/kg/min (95% CI 0.7 - 1.6) higher VO2peak. The association did not differ statistically by sex (p-value for interaction = 0.16) and was similar (0.9 ml/kg/min, 95% CI 0.2 - 1.5) in a sensitivity analysis including only never-smokers (n = 376). In subjects below and above 45 years of age, corresponding estimates were 1.2 ml/kg/min (95% CI 0.5 - 1.8) and 1.2 ml/kg/min (95% CI 0.5 - 1.9), respectively. Preserved VR (≥ 20%) was observed in 66.6% of men and 86.4% of women. CONCLUSIONS: Normal dynamic lung volume, defined as FEV1 above LLN, was positively associated with VO2peak in both men and women, in never-smokers and in subjects below and above 45 years of age. The majority of subjects had preserved VR, and the results suggest that FEV1 within normal limits may influence VO2peak in healthy subjects even when no ventilatory limitation to exercise is evident.


Assuntos
Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Pulmão/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Fatores Sexuais , Espirometria , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int J Cancer ; 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499135

RESUMO

Vitamin B supplementation can have side effects for human health, including cancer risk. We aimed to elucidate the role of vitamin B12 in lung cancer aetiology via direct measurements of pre-diagnostic circulating vitamin B12 concentrations in a nested case-control study, complemented with a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach in an independent case-control sample. We used pre-diagnostic biomarker data from 5,183 case-control pairs nested within 20 prospective cohorts, and genetic data from 29,266 cases and 56,450 controls. Exposures included directly measured circulating vitamin B12 in pre-diagnostic blood samples from the nested case-control study, and 8 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with vitamin B12 concentrations in the MR study. Our main outcome of interest was increased risk for lung cancer, overall and by histological subtype, per increase in circulating vitamin B12 concentrations. We found circulating vitamin B12 to be positively associated with overall lung cancer risk in a dose response fashion (odds ratio for a doubling in B12 [ORlog2B12 ] = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.06-1.25). The MR analysis based on 8 genetic variants also indicated that genetically determined higher vitamin B12 concentrations were positively associated with overall lung cancer risk (OR per 150 pmol/L standard deviation increase in B12 [ORSD ]= 1.08, 95%CI= 1.00-1.16). Considering the consistency of these two independent and complementary analyses, these findings support the hypothesis that high vitamin B12 status increases the risk of lung cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
JAMA Cardiol ; 3(8): 721-728, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29998294

RESUMO

Importance: Asthma, a chronic inflammatory airway disease, and atrial fibrillation (AF) share several common pathophysiological mechanisms. Research on the association between asthma and atrial fibrillation is lacking, and to our knowledge, no previous studies have assessed the dose-response association between levels of asthma control and AF. Objective: To assess the association between asthma, levels of asthma control, and AF. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective population cohort analyzed data on adults from a second and third iteration of the survey-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) in Norway. All included participants were free from AF at baseline. Atrial fibrillation was ascertained by linking HUNT data with hospital records from the 2 hospitals in Nord-Trøndelag County. Data analysis was completed from May 2017 to November 2017. Exposures: Self-reported asthma was categorized into 3 groups: those who had ever had asthma, those who self-report being diagnosed with asthma, and those who had active asthma. Asthma control was defined according to Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines and was categorized into controlled, partly controlled, and uncontrolled cases. Main Outcomes and Measures: Atrial fibrillation. Results: A total of 54 567 adults were included (of whom 28 821 [52.8%] were women). Of these, 5961 participants (10.9%) reported ever having asthma, 3934 participants (7.2%) reported being diagnosed with asthma, and 2485 participants (4.6%) reported having active asthma. During a mean (SD) follow-up of 15.4 (5.8) years, 2071 participants (3.8%) developed AF. Participants with physician-diagnosed asthma had an estimated 38% higher risk of developing AF (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.38 [95% CI, 1.18-1.61]) compared with participants without asthma. There was a dose-response association between levels of asthma control and risk of AF with the highest risk for AF in participants with uncontrolled asthma (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.74 [95% CI, 1.26-2.42]; P for trend < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: Asthma and lack of asthma control were associated with moderately increased risks of AF in a dose-response manner. Further studies are needed to explore the underlying mechanisms and clarify causal pathways between asthma and AF.

8.
BMJ Open ; 8(5): e019992, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A significant proportion of cardiovascular disease (CVD) cannot be explained by well-known risk factors such as high cholesterol, hypertension and diabetes. One potential novel risk factor for CVD is asthma. We aimed to investigate the association between asthma and mortality due to CVD. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A large health check-up programme from 1994 to 2011 in Taipei, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 446 346 Taiwanese adults. Each participant answered questions regarding asthma history (yes/no) and current daily use of asthma medications (yes/no). Active asthma was defined as those using current daily medications for asthma. OUTCOMES: The participants were followed for mortality from CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke obtained through linkage to the cause-of-death register until 31 December 2011. RESULTS: We found an increased risk of dying from CVD in individuals with active asthma (adjusted HR (aHR) 1.32, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.62). The risk of death from CHD or stroke was increased in a similar manner (aHR 1.16, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.73 and aHR 1.23, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.74, respectively) although the HR estimates were less precise than that of CVD. For deaths from CVD, CHD and stroke, we found stronger associations with active asthma than non-active asthma, and for CVD and stroke stronger associations in men than women. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that asthma, particularly active asthma, may be associated with adverse cardiovascular consequences.

9.
Eur Respir J ; 51(6)2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29748306

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate potential causal associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and incidence of lung cancer overall and histologic types.We performed a Mendelian randomisation analysis using a prospective cohort study in Norway, including 54 580 individuals and 676 incident lung cancer cases. A 25(OH)D allele score was generated based on the vitamin D-increasing alleles rs2282679, rs12785878 and rs10741657. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals for incidence of lung cancer and histologic types were estimated in relation to the allele score. The inverse-variance weighted method using summarised data of individual single nucleotide polymorphisms was applied to calculate the Mendelian randomisation estimates.The allele score accounted for 3.4% of the variation in serum 25(OH)D levels. There was no association between the allele score and lung cancer incidence overall, with HR 0.99 (95% CI 0.93-1.06) per allele score. A 25 nmol·L-1 increase in genetically determined 25(OH)D level was not associated with the incidence of lung cancer overall (Mendelian randomisation estimate HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.54-1.69) or any histologic type.Mendelian randomisation analysis did not suggest a causal association between 25(OH)D levels and risk of lung cancer overall or histologic types in this population-based cohort study.

10.
Respir Med ; 136: 65-70, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501248

RESUMO

Few studies have investigated the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), vitamin D supplement and asthma control among adults. We aimed to examine whether low levels of serum 25(OH)D or not taking vitamin D supplement were associated with an increased risk of poorly controlled asthma among Norwegian adults with asthma. We used a definition of asthma control adapted from the Global Initiative for Asthma. We first examined cross-sectional associations between serum 25(OH)D (n = 806) or vitamin D supplement (n = 1179) and poorly controlled asthma. Next, among those with well controlled asthma at baseline, we examined prospective associations between serum 25(OH)D (n = 147) or vitamin D supplement (n = 208) and poorly controlled asthma at follow-up, approximately 11 years later. We estimated risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) with Poisson regression. The adjusted RR for poorly controlled asthma was 1.00 (95% CI, 0.89-1.13) for adults with serum 25(OH)D < 50 nmol/L in cross-sectional and 1.50 (95% CI, 0.46-4.95) in prospective analyses. The adjusted RR for poorly controlled asthma was 1.17 (95% CI 1.00-1.37) for non-users of vitamin D supplement in cross-sectional and 1.66 (95% CI 0.49-5.67) in prospective analyses. Our study did not show strong evidence that among adults with asthma, having a low serum 25(OH)D or being a non-user of vitamin D supplement was associated with an increased risk of poorly controlled asthma. Some point estimates indicated an increased risk, however our estimates were generally imprecise and further evidence is needed.

11.
COPD ; 15(1): 27-35, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29257905

RESUMO

The concept of asthma and COPD as separate conditions has been questioned, and the term asthma-COPD overlap syndrome has been introduced. We assessed the prevalence, symptoms, and lifestyle factors of asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) in a large Norwegian population-based study. From 2006 to 2008, a total of 50,777 residents of Nord-Trøndelag participated in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, Norway. They completed questionnaires regarding respiratory symptoms, disease status, and medication use. We estimated the prevalence and 95% confidence intervals of ACO. Additionally, spirometry was used to estimate the prevalence of ACO in a subgroup. The prevalence of self-reported ACO was 1.9%, and in age groups <40, 40-60 and ≥60 years it was 0.7%, 1.4%, and 3.2%, respectively. Among those reporting COPD, the proportion of ACO was 0.56. In the spirometry subgroup when ACO was defined as doctor diagnosed asthma ever and FEV1/FVC < 0.70, the prevalence of ACO was 2.0%. All respiratory symptoms, separately or in combination, as well as medication use were reported most frequently in those with ACO compared to the other groups. Strikingly, we observed a two-fold higher proportion of allergic rhinitis in ACO compared to COPD only. In this Norwegian population, the prevalence of self-reported ACO was 1.9%, and the corresponding proportion of ACO among those with COPD was 0.56. Participants with ACO generally had the highest proportions of respiratory symptoms compared to asthma or COPD.

12.
Nat Genet ; 49(12): 1752-1757, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29083406

RESUMO

Asthma, hay fever (or allergic rhinitis) and eczema (or atopic dermatitis) often coexist in the same individuals, partly because of a shared genetic origin. To identify shared risk variants, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS; n = 360,838) of a broad allergic disease phenotype that considers the presence of any one of these three diseases. We identified 136 independent risk variants (P < 3 × 10-8), including 73 not previously reported, which implicate 132 nearby genes in allergic disease pathophysiology. Disease-specific effects were detected for only six variants, confirming that most represent shared risk factors. Tissue-specific heritability and biological process enrichment analyses suggest that shared risk variants influence lymphocyte-mediated immunity. Six target genes provide an opportunity for drug repositioning, while for 36 genes CpG methylation was found to influence transcription independently of genetic effects. Asthma, hay fever and eczema partly coexist because they share many genetic risk variants that dysregulate the expression of immune-related genes.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Eczema/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Hipersensibilidade/genética , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Humanos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
13.
Respirology ; 22(2): 278-283, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27696634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: People with asthma may seek advice about physical activity. However, the benefits of leisure time physical activity on lung function are unclear. We investigated the association between leisure time physical activity and lung function decline in adults with asthma. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study in Norway, we used multiple linear regressions to estimate the annual mean decline in lung function (and 95% CI) in 1329 people with asthma over a mean follow-up of 11.6 years. The durations of light and hard physical activity per week in the last year were collected by questionnaire. Inactive participants did not report any light or hard activity, while active participants reported light or hard activity. RESULTS: The mean decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) was 37 mL/year among inactive participants and 32 mL/year in active participants (difference: -5 mL/year (95% CI: -13 to 3)). The mean decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) was 33 mL/year among inactive participants and 31 mL/year in active participants (difference: -2 mL/year (95% CI: -11 to 7)). The mean decline in FEV1 /FVC ratio was 0.36%/year among inactive participants and 0.22%/year in active participants (difference: -0.14%/year (95% CI: -0.27 to -0.01)). The mean decline in peak expiratory flow (PEF) was 14 mL/year among the inactive participants and 10 mL/year in active participants (difference: -4 mL/year (95% CI: -9 to 1)). CONCLUSION: We observed slightly less decline in lung function in physically active than inactive participants with asthma, particularly for FEV1 , FEV1 /FVC ratio and PEF.


Assuntos
Asma/fisiopatologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Esforço Físico , Comportamento Sedentário , Inquéritos e Questionários , Capacidade Vital
14.
BMJ Open ; 6(11): e013856, 2016 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27864254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the associations of physical activity and change in physical activity with incident asthma in a cohort of Norwegian adults. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study using data on self-reported physical activity from 3 waves of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Physical activity was reported at the first and second surveys (1985-1986 and 1995-1997). Physical activity was defined from the second survey as inactive or active and the active group was further defined as very low, low, moderate and high. Change in physical activity was defined from the first and second surveys. SETTING: A large population-based health survey in Norway. PARTICIPANTS: We followed 18 894 adults over 11 years who were free from asthma at baseline in 1995-1997. OUTCOME: Incident asthma was reported in the third survey (2006-2008). RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of asthma was 3.6% over the 11 years. The adjusted OR for incident asthma among active participants compared with inactive participants was 0.95 (95% CI 0.69 to 1.34). The adjusted OR for those who were active in the first or second survey versus those who were inactive in both surveys was 0.64 (95% CI 0.34 to 1.38); however, this association was strongly attenuated in sensitivity analysis (OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.38 to 3.09). CONCLUSIONS: We did not observe statistically significant associations of physical activity or change in physical activity with incident asthma in adults over the 11-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Exercício , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato
15.
Hum Genet ; 135(7): 827-39, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27155841

RESUMO

Very few studies have investigated the associations between genetic polymorphisms and gene expression on the X-chromosome. This is a major bottleneck when conducting functional follow-up studies of trait-associated variants, as those identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We used a multivariate approach to test the association between individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and exon expression levels measured in 356 Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from the Geuvadis RNA sequencing project to identify SNPs associated with variation in gene expression on the X-chromosome, which we refer to as eSNPs. At an FDR of 5 %, we discovered 548 independent [linkage disequilibrium (LD) r (2) < 0.1] eSNPs on the X-chromosome. Of these, 35 were in LD (r (2) > 0.8) with previously published disease- or trait-associated variants identified through GWAS. One of the strongest eSNPs identified was rs35975601, which was associated with F8A1 expression (p value = 3 × 10(-20)) and was in LD with a type 1 diabetes risk variant. Additionally, we identified a number of genes for which eSNPs were in LD with multiple diseases or traits, including DNASE1L1 which was mapped to bilirubin levels, type 1 diabetes and schizophrenia. Our results also indicate that multivariate exon-level analysis provides a more powerful approach than univariate gene-level analysis, particularly when SNPs influence the expression of different exons with different magnitude and/or direction of effect. The associations identified in our study may provide new insights into the molecular process by which gene expression may contribute to trait variation or disease risk in humans.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/patologia , Éxons , Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Esquizofrenia/patologia
16.
Eur Respir J ; 46(2): 355-63, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26022950

RESUMO

The association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level and lung function changes in the general population remains unclear.We conducted cross-sectional (n=1220) and follow-up (n=869) studies to investigate the interrelationship of serum 25(OH)D, smoking and lung function changes in a random sample of adults from the Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study, Norway.Lung function was measured using spirometry and included forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) % predicted, forced vital capacity (FVC) % pred and FEV1/FVC ratio. Multiple linear and logistic regression models estimated the adjusted difference in lung function measures or lung function decline, adjusted odds ratios for impaired lung function or development of impaired lung function and 95% confidence intervals.40% of adults had serum 25(OH)D levels <50 nmol·L(-1). Overall, those with a serum 25(OH)D level <50 nmol·L(-1) showed worse lung function and increased odds of impaired lung function compared to the ≥50 nmol·L(-1) group. These associations tended to be stronger among ever-smokers, including greater decline in FEV1/FVC ratio and greater odds of the development of impaired lung function (FEV1/FVC <70% OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-4.9). Associations among never-smokers were null. Results from cross-sectional and follow-up studies were consistent. There were no associations between serum 25(OH)D levels and lung function or lung function changes in never-smokers, whereas significant associations were observed in ever-smokers.


Assuntos
Fumar/sangue , Fumar/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Espirometria , Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto Jovem
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