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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(37): 9068-9075, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516738

RESUMO

We report on structural and electronic properties of superconducting nanohybrids made of Pb grown in the ultrahigh vacuum on the atomically clean surface of single crystals of topological Bi2Te3. In situ scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy demonstrated that the resulting network is composed of Pb-nanoislands dispersed on the surface and linked together by an amorphous atomic layer of Pb, which wets Bi2Te3. As a result, the superconducting state of the system is characterized by a thickness-dependent superconducting gap of Pb-islands and by a very unusual position-independent proximity gap between them. Furthermore, the data analysis and DFT calculations demonstrate that the Pb-wetting layer leads to significant modifications of both topological and trivial electronic states of Bi2Te3, which are responsible for the observed long-range proximity effect.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(11): 117003, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975960

RESUMO

We study the unconventional superconducting correlations caused by a single isolated magnetic impurity in a conventional s-wave superconductor. Because of the local breaking of time-reversal symmetry, the impurity induces unconventional superconductivity, which is even in both space and spin variables but odd under time inversion. We derive an exact proportionality relation between the even-frequency component of the local electron density of states and the imaginary part of the odd-frequency local pairing function. By applying this relation to scanning tunneling microscopy spectra taken on top of magnetic impurities immersed in a Pb/Si(111) monolayer, we show experimental evidence of the occurrence of the odd-frequency pairing in these systems and explicitly extract its superconducting function from the data.

4.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4009, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488813

RESUMO

Josephson vortices play an essential role in superconducting quantum electronics devices. Often seen as purely conceptual topological objects, 2π-phase singularities, their observation and manipulation are challenging. Here we show that in Superconductor-Normal metal-Superconductor lateral junctions Josephson vortices have a peculiar magnetic fingerprint that we reveal in Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) experiments. Based on this discovery, we demonstrate the possibility of the Josephson vortex generation and manipulation by the magnetic tip of a MFM, thus paving a way for the remote inspection and control of individual nano-components of superconducting quantum circuits.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2587, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197131

RESUMO

Majorana zero modes are fractional quantum excitations appearing in pairs, each pair being a building block for quantum computation. Some signatures of Majorana zero modes have been reported at endpoints of one-dimensional systems, which are however required to be extremely clean. An alternative are two-dimensional topological superconductors, such as the Pb/Co/Si(111) system shown recently to be immune to local disorder. Here, we use scanning tunneling spectroscopy to characterize a disordered superconducting monolayer of Pb coupled to underlying Co-Si magnetic islands. We show that pairs of zero modes are stabilized: one zero mode positioned in the middle of the magnetic domain and its partner extended all around the domain. The zero mode pair is remarkably robust, isolated within a hard superconducting gap. Our theoretical scenario supports the protected Majorana nature of this zero mode pair, highlighting the role of magnetic or spin-orbit coupling textures.

6.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 2277, 2018 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29891870

RESUMO

Vortices in quantum condensates exist owing to a macroscopic phase coherence. Here we show, both experimentally and theoretically, that a quantum vortex with a well-defined core can exist in a rather thick normal metal, proximized with a superconductor. Using scanning tunneling spectroscopy we reveal a proximity vortex lattice at the surface of 50 nm-thick Cu-layer deposited on Nb. We demonstrate that these vortices have regular round cores in the centers of which the proximity minigap vanishes. The cores are found to be significantly larger than the Abrikosov vortex cores in Nb, which is related to the effective coherence length in the proximity region. We develop a theoretical approach that provides a fully self-consistent picture of the evolution of the vortex with the distance from Cu/Nb interface, the interface impedance, applied magnetic field, and temperature. Our work opens a way for the accurate tuning of the superconducting properties of quantum hybrids.

7.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 2040, 2017 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29230031

RESUMO

Just like insulators can present topological phases characterized by Dirac edge states, superconductors can exhibit topological phases characterized by Majorana edge states. In particular, one-dimensional topological superconductors are predicted to host zero-energy Majorana fermions at their extremities. By contrast, two-dimensional superconductors have a one-dimensional boundary which would naturally lead to propagating Majorana edge states characterized by a Dirac-like dispersion. In this paper we present evidences of one-dimensional dispersive in-gap edge states surrounding a two-dimensional topological superconducting domain consisting of a monolayer of Pb covering magnetic Co-Si islands grown on Si(111). We interpret the measured dispersive in-gap states as a spatial topological transition with a gap closure. Our method could in principle be generalized to a large variety of heterostructures combining a Rashba superconductor with a magnetic layer in order to be used as a platform for engineering topological quantum phases.

8.
Small ; 13(33)2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28677894

RESUMO

Metallic conductive nanowires (NWs) with DNA bundle core are achieved, thanks to an original process relying on double-stranded DNA alignment and physical vapor deposition (PVD) metallization steps involving a silicon substrate. First, bundles of DNA are suspended with a repeatable process between 2 µm high parallel electrodes with separating gaps ranging from 800 nm to 2 µm. The process consists in the drop deposition of a DNA lambda-phage solution on the electrodes followed by a naturally evaporation step. The deposition process is controlled by the DNA concentration within the buffer solution, the drop volume, and the electrode hydrophobicity. The suspended bundles are finally metallized with various thicknesses of titanium and gold by a PVD e-beam evaporation process. The achieved NWs have a width ranging from a few nanometers up to 100 nm. The electrical behavior of the achieved 60 and 80 nm width metallic NWs is shown to be Ohmic and their intrinsic resistance is estimated according to different geometrical models of the NW section area. For the 80 nm width NWs, a resistance of about few ohms is established, opening exploration fields for applications in microelectronics.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Metais/química , Nanofios/química , DNA/ultraestrutura , Eletrodos , Ouro/química , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Nanofios/ultraestrutura , Titânio/química
9.
ACS Nano ; 10(7): 6458-63, 2016 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27281227

RESUMO

DNA nanotechnology is currently widely explored and especially shows promises for advanced lithography due to its ability to define nanometer scale features. We demonstrate a 9 × 14 nm(2) hole pattern transfer from DNA origami into an SiO2 layer with a sub-10-nm resolution using anhydrous HF vapor in a semiconductor etching machine. We show that the resulting SiO2 pattern inherits its shape from the DNA structure within a process time ranging from 30 to 60 s at an etching rate of 0.2 nm/s. At 600 s of etching, the SiO2 pattern meets corrosion and the overall etching reaction is blocked. These results, in addition to the entire surface coverage by magnesium occurring on the substrate at a density of 1.1 × 10(15) atom/cm(2), define a process window, fabrication rules, and limits for DNA-based lithography.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 108(12): 126802, 2012 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22540609

RESUMO

Electrical contacts between nanoengineered systems are expected to constitute the basic building blocks of future nanoscale electronics. However, the accurate characterization and understanding of electrical contacts at the nanoscale is an experimentally challenging task. Here, we employ low-temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy to investigate the conductance of individual nanocontacts formed between flat Pb islands and their supporting substrates. We observe a suppression of the differential tunnel conductance at small bias voltages due to dynamical Coulomb blockade effects. The differential conductance spectra allow us to determine the capacitances and resistances of the electrical contacts which depend systematically on the island-substrate contact area. Calculations based on the theory of environmentally assisted tunneling agree well with the measurements.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 108(9): 096801, 2012 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22463657

RESUMO

We report on scanning-tunneling microscopy experiments in a charge-density wave (CDW) system allowing visually capturing and studying in detail the individual solitons corresponding to the self-trapping of just one electron. This "Amplitude Soliton" is marked by vanishing of the CDW amplitude and by the π shift of its phase. It might be the realization of the spinon--the long-sought particle (along with the holon) in the study of science of strongly correlated electronic systems. As a distinct feature we also observe one-dimensional Friedel oscillations superimposed on the CDW which develop independently of solitons.

12.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7(1): 105, 2012 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22313721

RESUMO

Carbon nanotube [CNT] interconnection bump joining methodology has been successfully demonstrated using flip chip test structures with bump pitches smaller than 150 µm. In this study, plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition approach is used to grow the CNT bumps onto the Au metallization lines. The CNT bumps on the die substrate are then 'inserted' into the CNT bumps on the carrier substrate to form the electrical connections (interconnection bumps) between each other. The mechanical strength and the concept of reworkable capabilities of the CNT interconnection bumps are investigated. Preliminary electrical characteristics show a linear relationship between current and voltage, suggesting that ohmic contacts are attained.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 104(25): 256403, 2010 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20867403

RESUMO

The two charge-density wave (CDW) transitions in NbSe3 were investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) on an in situ cleaved (b, c) plane. The temperature dependence of first-order CDW satellite spots, obtained from the Fourier transform of the STM images, was measured between 5 and 140 K to extract the surface critical temperatures (T{s}). The low-T CDW transition occurs at T{2s}=70-75 K, more than 15 K above the bulk T{2b}=59 K while at exactly the same wave number. A plausible mechanism for such an unusually high surface enhancement is a softening of transverse phonon modes involved in the CDW formation. The regime of 2D fluctuations is analyzed according to a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless type of surface transition, expected for this incommensurate 2D CDW, by extracting the temperature dependence of the order parameter correlation functions.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(20): 207002, 2009 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19519063

RESUMO

The energy gap Delta of superconducting Pb islands grown on Si(111) was probed in situ between 5 and 60 monolayers by low-temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Delta was found to decrease from its bulk value as a function of inverse island thickness. Corresponding T_{c} values, estimated using bulk gap-to-T_{c} ratio, are in quantitative agreement with ex situ magnetic susceptibility measurements, however, in strong contrast to previous scanning probe results. Layer-dependent ab initio density functional calculations for freestanding Pb films show that the electron-phonon coupling constant, determining T_{c}, decreases with diminishing film thickness.

15.
Neurosci Lett ; 353(2): 153-5, 2003 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14664923

RESUMO

Polymorphisms in the Nicastrin (NCSTN) gene have recently been associated with familial early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). The authors genotyped four NCTSN polymorphisms in a large cohort of 489 AD cases (including 158 sporadic early-onset AD cases and 95 familial early-onset AD cases) and 386 controls but failed to replicate the association between NCSTN haplotype B and AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Idade de Início , Idoso , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide , Apolipoproteína E4 , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , França , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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