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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281254

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been imposed as an excellent antimicrobial agent being able to combat bacteria in vitro and in vivo causing infections. The antibacterial capacity of AgNPs covers Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, including multidrug resistant strains. AgNPs exhibit multiple and simultaneous mechanisms of action and in combination with antibacterial agents as organic compounds or antibiotics it has shown synergistic effect against pathogens bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The characteristics of silver nanoparticles make them suitable for their application in medical and healthcare products where they may treat infections or prevent them efficiently. With the urgent need for new efficient antibacterial agents, this review aims to establish factors affecting antibacterial and cytotoxic effects of silver nanoparticles, as well as to expose the advantages of using AgNPs as new antibacterial agents in combination with antibiotic, which will reduce the dosage needed and prevent secondary effects associated to both.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Prata/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/química , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanotecnologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Prata/administração & dosagem , Prata/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(2)2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053989

RESUMO

A simple and straightforward technique for coating microplate wells with molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) to develop assays similar to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) assay to determine and quantify florfenicol (FF) in real food samples such as liquid milk and salmon muscle is presented here. The nanoMIPs were synthesized by a solid-phase approach with an immobilized FF (template) and characterized using dynamic light scattering, a SPR-2 biosensor system and transmission electron microscopy. Immobilization of nanoMIPs was conducted by preparing a homogenous solution of FF-nanoMIPs in water mixed with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) 0.2% (w/v) in each well of a microplate. The detection of florfenicol was achieved in competitive binding experiments with a horseradish peroxidase-florfenicol (FF-HRP) conjugate. The assay made it possible to measure FF in buffer and in real samples (liquid milk and salmon muscle) within the range of 60-80 and 90-100 ng/mL, respectively. The immobilized nanoMIPs were stored for six weeks at room temperature and at 5 °C. The results indicate good signal recovery for all FF concentrations in spiked milk samples, without any detrimental effects to their binding properties. The high affinity of nanoMIPs and the lack of a requirement for cold chain logistics make them an attractive alternative to traditional antibodies used in ELISA.

3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 233: 115865, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059912

RESUMO

In this work, we present a solid silicon substrate functionalized with modified ß-cyclodextrin monolayers as an optimal surface for organic contaminant uptake. The inclusion and capture of three potential pollutants, 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid, 4-aminobenzoic acid and phenylethylamine, were studied. 1H-NMR and ROESY studies revealed the complete inclusion and details of the conformational orientation of the three guests in the per-(6-amino-6-deoxy)-ß-cyclodextrin matrix, forming three new inclusion complexes that have not yet been reported. Capture assays for the guests were carried out by immersing the substrates in an aqueous pollutant solution and by measuring the UV-vis spectra. This substrate showed a high sorption capacity at equilibrium, between 2.5 × 10-5 and 6.0 × 10-5 mmol/substrate, for the studied pollutants. In addition, this surface can be reused four times with an efficiency equal to the initial use. Therefore, it could be a versatile platform that could be applied for the capture of other organic pollutants from water.

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