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1.
Radiol Med ; 127(4): 449-457, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35247134

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess outcomes between salvage radiation therapy (SRT) with curative intent and stereotactic radiotherapy for macroscopic prostate recurrence (SSRT) after radical prostatectomy (RP). In order to compare these two different options, we compared their outcomes with a propensity score-based matched analysis. METHODS: Data from 185 patients in seven Italian centres treated for macroscopic prostate bed recurrence after RP were retrospectively collected. To make a comparison between the two treatment groups, propensity matching was applied to create comparable cohorts. RESULTS: After matching, 90 patients in the SRT and SSRT groups were selected (45 in each arm). Kaplan-Meier analysis did not show any significant differences in terms of BRFS and PFS between matched populations (p = 0.08 and p = 0.8, respectively). Multivariate models show that treatment was not associated with BRFS, neither in the whole or matched cohort, with HR of 2.15 (95%CI 0.63-7.25, p = 0.21) and 2.65 (95%CI 0.59-11.97, p = 0.21), respectively. In the matched cohort, lower rate of toxicity was confirmed for patients undergoing SSRT, with acute GI and GU adverse events reported in 4.4 versus 44.4% (p < 0.001) and 28.9 versus 46.7% (p = 0.08) of patients, and late GI and GU adverse events reported in 0 versus 13.3% (p = 0.04) and 6.7 versus 22.2% (p = 0.03) of patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Considering the favourable therapeutic ratio of this approach and the lower number of fractions needed, SSRT should be considered as an attractive alternative to conventional SRT in this setting.


Assuntos
Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Próstata/cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação
2.
Eur Urol ; 81(3): 274-282, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nivolumab showed an overall survival (OS) benefit in pretreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). The role of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in mRCC remains to be defined. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SBRT in combination with nivolumab in second- and third-line mRCC patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The NIVES study was a phase II, single-arm, multicenter trial in patients with mRCC with measurable metastatic sites who progressed after antiangiogenic therapy, of whom at least one was suitable for SBRT. INTERVENTION: The patients received SBRT to a lesion at a dose of 10 Gy in three fractions for 7 d from the first infusion of nivolumab. Nivolumab was given at an initial dose of 240 mg every 14 d for 6 mo and then 480 mg q4-weekly in responding patients. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: We hypothesized that nivolumab plus SBRT improves the objective response rate (ORR) compared with nivolumab alone from 25% (derived from historical controls) to 40%. Secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), OS, disease control rate (DCR) of irradiated and nonirradiated metastases, and safety. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Sixty-nine patients were enrolled from July 2017 to March 2019. The ORR was 17% and the DCR was 55%. The median PFS was 5.6 mo (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.9-7.1) and median OS 20 mo (95% CI, 17-not reached). After 1.5 yr of follow-up, 23 patients died. The median time to treatment response was 2.8 mo and median duration of response was 14 mo. No new safety concerns arose. CONCLUSIONS: We did not find sufficient evidence to suggest that nivolumab in combination with SBRT provides an added benefit in pretreated mRCC patients; it should however be evaluated in patients with oligometastatic or oligoprogressive disease. PATIENT SUMMARY: Nivolumab in combination with stereotactic body radiotherapy does not provide evidence of increased outcomes in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. However this approach was safe and showed a good response of the irradiated lesions.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Quimiorradioterapia , Neoplasias Renais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Masculino , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Radiocirurgia/métodos
3.
Radiol Med ; 127(2): 206-213, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850352

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Given the absence of standardized planning approach for clinically node-positive (cN1) prostate cancer (PCa), we collected data about the use of prophylactic pelvic irradiation and nodal boost. The aim of the present series is to retrospectively assess clinical outcomes after this approach to compare different multimodal treatment strategies in this scenario. METHODS: Data from clinical records of patients affected by cN1 PCa and treated in six different Italian institutes with prophylactic pelvic irradiation and boost on pathologic pelvic lymph nodes detected with CT, MRI or choline PET/CT were retrospectively reviewed and collected. Clinical outcomes in terms of overall survival (OS) and biochemical relapse-free survival (b-RFS) were explored. The correlation between outcomes and baseline features (International Society of Urological Pathology-ISUP pattern, total dose to positive pelvic nodes ≤ / > 60 Gy, sequential or simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) administration and definitive vs postoperative treatment) was explored. RESULTS: ISUP pattern < 2 was a significant predictor of improved b-RFS (HR = 0.3, 95% CI 0.1220-0.7647, P = 0.0113), while total dose < 60 Gy to positive pelvic nodes was associated with worse b-RFS (HR = 3.59, 95% CI 1.3245-9.741, P = 0.01). Conversely, treatment setting (postoperative vs definitive) and treatment delivery technique (SIB vs sequential boost) were not associated with significant differences in terms of b-RFS (HR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.338-2.169, P = 0.743, and HR = 2.39, 95% CI 0.93-6.111, P = 0.067, respectively). CONCLUSION: Results from the current analysis are in keeping with data from literature showing that pelvic irradiation and boost on positive nodes are effective approaches. Upfront surgical approach was not associated with better clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Idoso , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Radiol Med ; 127(1): 108-116, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748151

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively estimate the impact of radiotherapy as a progression-directed therapy (PDT) in oligoprogressive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients under androgen receptor-target therapy (ARTT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: mCRPC patients are treated with PDT. End-points were time to next-line systemic treatment (NEST), radiological progression-free survival (r-PFS) and overall survival (OS). Toxicity was registered according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method; univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were analyzed. The median follow-up after PDT was 25.2 months (interquartile, 17.1-44.5). One-year NEST-free survival, r-PFS and OS were 49.8%, 50.4% and 82.1%, respectively. At multivariate analysis, polymetastatic condition at diagnosis of metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) (HR 2.82, p = 0.004) and PSA doubling time at diagnosis of mCRPC (HR 2.76, p = 0.006) were associated with NEST-free survival. The same variables were associated with r-PFS (HR 2.32, p = 0.021; HR 2.24, p = 0.021). One patient developed late grade ≥ 2 toxicity. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that radiotherapy in oligoprogressive mCRPC is safe, is effective and seems to prolong the efficacy of ARTT in patients who otherwise would have gone systemic treatment switch, positively affecting disease progression. Prospective trials are needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Receptores Androgênicos/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 74(1): 11-20, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study analyzes patient health-related quality of life (QoL) 24-month after prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis within the PROState cancer monitoring in ITaly from the National Research Council (Pros-IT CNR) study. METHODS: Pros-IT CNR is an ongoing, longitudinal and observational study, considering a convenience sample of patients enrolled at PCa diagnosis and followed at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months from the diagnosis. Patients were grouped according to the treatment received: nerve sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP), non-nerve sparing radical prostatectomy (NNSRP), radiotherapy (RT), RT plus androgen deprivation (RT plus ADT) and active surveillance (AS). QoL was measured through the Italian versions of SF-12 and UCLA-PCI questionnaires at diagnosis and at 6-12 and 24-month. The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) was defined as half a standard deviation of the baseline domain. RESULTS: Overall, 1537 patients were included in the study. The decline in urinary function exceeded the MCID at each timepoint only in the NSRP and NNSRP groups (at 24 months -14.7, P<0.001 and -19.7, P<0.001, respectively). The decline in bowel function exceeded the MCID only in the RT (-9.1, P=0.02) and RT plus ADT groups at 12 months (-10.3, P=0.001); after 24 months, most patients seem to recover their bowel complaints. The decline in sexual function exceeded the MCID at each timepoint in the NNSRP, NSRP and RT plus ADT groups (at 6 months -28.7, P<0.001, -37.8, P<0.001, -20.4, P<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Although all the treatments were relatively well-tolerated over the 24 month period following PCa diagnosis, each had a different impact on QoL.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Neoplasias da Próstata , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Qualidade de Vida
7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 744956, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650927

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: For unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the standard therapy consists of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by durvalumab maintenance for responding patients. The present study reports on the safety and outcome of durvalumab use after CRT in a real-world, multicenter, retrospective cohort. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-eight patients have been included. We collected data on systemic therapy, radiation therapy, the timing between CRT and durvalumab, number of durvalumab cycles, reasons for non-starting or discontinuation, incidence and grade of adverse events (AEs), and progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: One hundred fifty-five patients out of 238 (65.1%) received at least one durvalumab dose: 91 (58.7%) after concomitant CRT (cCRT) and 64 (41.3%) after sequential CRT (sCRT). Programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) status was unknown in 7/155 (4.5%), negative in 14 (9.1%), and positive ≥1% in 134/155 (86.4%). The main reasons for non-starting durvalumab were progression (10.1%), PD-L1 negativity (7.5%), and lung toxicity (4.6%). Median follow-up time was 14 months (range 2­29); 1-year PFS and OS were 65.5% (95%CI: 57.6-74.4) and 87.9% (95%CI: 82.26.6-93.9), respectively. No significant differences in PFS or OS were detected for cCRT vs. sCRT, but the median PFS was 13.5 months for sCRT vs. 23 months for cCRT. Potentially immune-related AEs were recorded in 76/155 patients (49.0%). Pneumonitis was the most frequent, leading to discontinuation in 11/155 patients (7.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Durvalumab maintenenace after concurrent or sequential chemoradiation for unresectable, stage III NSCLC showed very promising short-term survival results in a large, multicenter, restrospective, real-world study. Durvalumab was the first drug obtaining a survival benefit over CRT within the past two decades, and the present study contributes to validating its use in clinical practice.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Two previous "Patterns Of Practice" surveys (POP I and POP II), including more than 4000 patients affected by prostate cancer treated with radical external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) between 1980 and 2003, established a "benchmark" Italian data source for prostate cancer radiotherapy. This report (POP III) updates the previous studies. METHODS: Data on clinical management and outcome of 2525 prostate cancer patients treated by EBRT from 2004 to 2011 were collected and compared with POP II and, when feasible, also with POP I. This report provides data on clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, radiation therapy management, and toxicity as collected within the framework of POP III. RESULTS: More than 50% of POP III patients were classified as low or intermediate risk using D'Amico risk categories as in POP II; 46% were classified as ISUP grade group 1. CT scan, bone scan, and endorectal ultrasound were less frequently prescribed. Dose-escalated radiotherapy (RT), intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), image guided radiotherapy (IGRT), and hypofractionated RT were more frequently offered during the study period. Treatment was commonly well tolerated. Acute toxicity improved compared to the previous series; late toxicity was influenced by prescribed dose and treatment technique. Five-year overall survival, biochemical relapse free survival (BRFS), and disease specific survival were similar to those of the previous series (POP II). BRFS was better in intermediate- and high-risk patients treated with ≥ 76 Gy. CONCLUSIONS: This report highlights the improvements in radiotherapy planning and dose delivery among Italian Centers in the 2004-2011 period. Dose-escalated treatments resulted in better biochemical control with a reduction in acute toxicity and higher but acceptable late toxicity, as not yet comprehensively associated with IMRT/IGRT. CTV-PTV margins >8 mm were associated with increased toxicity, again suggesting that IGRT-allowing for tighter margins-would reduce toxicity for dose escalated RT. These conclusions confirm the data obtained from randomized controlled studies.

9.
Neuro Oncol ; 23(10): 1750-1764, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To define efficacy and toxicity of Immunotherapy (IT) with stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) including radiosurgery (RS) or hypofractionated SRT (HFSRT) for brain metastases (BM) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a multicentric retrospective study from AIRO (Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology). METHODS: NSCLC patients with BM receiving SRT + IT and treated in 19 Italian centers were analyzed and compared with a control group of patients treated with exclusive SRT. RESULTS: One hundred patients treated with SRT + IT and 50 patients treated with SRT-alone were included. Patients receiving SRT + IT had a longer intracranial Local Progression-Free Survival (iLPFS) (propensity score-adjusted P = .007). Among patients who, at the diagnosis of BM, received IT and had also extracranial progression (n = 24), IT administration after SRT was shown to be related to a better overall survival (OS) (P = .037). A multivariate analysis, non-adenocarcinoma histology, KPS = 70 and use of HFSRT were associated with a significantly worse survival (P = .019, P = .017 and P = .007 respectively). Time interval between SRT and IT ≤7 days (n = 90) was shown to be related to a longer OS if compared to SRT-IT interval >7 days (n = 10) (propensity score-adjusted P = .008). The combined treatment was well tolerated. No significant difference in terms of radionecrosis between SRT + IT patients and SRT-alone patients was observed. The time interval between SRT and IT had no impact on the toxicity rate. CONCLUSIONS: Combined SRT + IT was a safe approach, associated with a better iLPFS if compared to exclusive SRT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Radiocirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Radiol Med ; 126(8): 1117-1128, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954898

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Almost 30% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients have locally advanced-stage disease. In this setting, definitive radiotherapy concurrent to chemotherapy plus adjuvant immunotherapy (cCRT + IO) is the standard of care, although only 40% of these patients are eligible for this approach. AIMS: A comparison between cCRT and hypofractionated radiotherapy regimens (hypo-fx RT) with the addition of sequential chemotherapy (sCHT) could be useful for future combinations with immunotherapy. We developed a recommendation about the clinical question of whether CHT and moderately hypo-fx RT are comparable to cCRT for locally advanced NSCLC MATERIALS AND METHODS: The panel used GRADE methodology and the Evidence to Decision (EtD) framework. After a systematic literature search, five studies were eligible. We identified the following outcomes: progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), freedom from locoregional recurrence (FFLR), deterioration of quality of life (QoL), treatment-related deaths, severe G3-G4 toxicity, late pulmonary toxicity G3-G4, and acute esophageal toxicity G3-G4. RESULTS: The probability of OS and G3-G4 late lung toxicity seems to be worse in patients submitted to sCHT and hypo-fx RT. The panel judged unfavorable the balance benefits/harms. CONCLUSIONS: The final recommendation was that sCHT followed by moderately hypo-fx RT should not be considered as an alternative to cCRT in unresectable stage III NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
11.
Med Oncol ; 38(6): 72, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008151

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to explore the potential impact of upfront metastases-directed therapy (MDT) in terms of prolongation of castration-sensitive phase in a series of oligorecurrent castration-sensitive prostate cancer (PC) patients. The present article is a multicenter retrospective study. The population of interest was castrate-sensitive oligorecurrent PC, defined as the presence of 1-3 uptakes in non-visceral sites such as bones or nodes detected by means of 18F-Choline PET/CT or 68-Gallium PSMA PET/CT. Primary endpoint was the time to castration resistance. Secondary endpoints were ADT-free survival, local progression-free survival, and overall survival. Eighty-two patients and 118 lesions were analyzed. The median time to castration resistance for the entire population of the study was 49 months (95% CI 43.6-54.4 months). The 1- and 2-year TTCR-free survival rates were 94% and 82%, respectively. At the time of analysis, 52 patients were still in the castration-sensitive phase of the disease. In this cohort of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 3-69 months). On the other hand, during follow-up 30 patients switched to the castration-resistant phase of disease. In this last group of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 4-50 months). After the ADT administration, the median castration-sensitive phase was 29 months (range 5-71 months). Castration resistance generally occurs at a median follow-up of 24-36 months following ADT. In the current study, upfront MDT does not decrease the time from initiation of ADT to castration resistance.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/secundário , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Radiocirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806994

RESUMO

Radiotherapy (RT) represents an important therapeutic option for the treatment of localized prostate cancer. The aim of the current study is to examine trajectories in patients' reported quality of life (QoL) aspects related to bowel function and bother, considering data from the PROState cancer monitoring in ITaly from the National Research Council (Pros-IT CNR) study, analyzed with growth mixture models. Data for patients who underwent RT, either associated or not associated with androgen deprivation therapy, were considered. QoL outcomes were assessed over a 2-year period from the diagnosis, using the Italian version of the University of California Los Angeles-Prostate Cancer Index (Italian-UCLA-PCI). Three trajectories were identified for the bowel function; having three or more comorbidities and the use of 3D-CRT technique for RT were associated with the worst trajectory (OR = 3.80, 95% CI 2.04-7.08; OR = 2.17, 95% CI 1.22-3.87, respectively). Two trajectories were identified for the bowel bother scores; diabetes and the non-Image guided RT method were associated with being in the worst bowel bother trajectory group (OR = 1.69, 95% CI 1.06-2.67; OR = 2.57, 95% CI 1.70-3.86, respectively). The findings from this study suggest that the absence of comorbidities and the use of intensity modulated RT techniques with image guidance are related with a better tolerance to RT in terms of bowel side effects.

13.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(5): e767-e773, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766477

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this observational, retrospective, multicenter study, we aimed to assess the safety of the combination of local metastasis-directed radiotherapy (RT) and immunotherapy (IT) in a cohort of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected clinical data of aNSCLC patients who received concomitant RT and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in seven Italian centers from September 2015 to June 2019. Concomitant RT was defined as delivered ≤4 weeks before or after the first or last administration of immunotherapy, or within two consecutive cycles of ICI. All adverse events apparently related to RT and/or IT were graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0, and reported in terms of incidence and severity as immune related or RT related, or combined. RESULTS: We analyzed the clinical charts of 187 patients. Median follow-up time was 23 months, and median overall survival was 16.5 months (range, 3-162). Thirteen patients developed pure RT-related side effects, and 43 patients (23.9%) developed immune-related side effects. No additive toxic effects were observed. A case of grade 5 pulmonary toxicity was recorded as a possible consequence of a combined effect. CONCLUSION: This analysis suggests that the combination of concomitant RT and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 agents is safe, and the two toxicity profiles are independent.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Segurança do Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Med Case Rep ; 14(1): 239, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mismatch-repair-deficiency resulting in microsatellite instability (MSI) may confer increased radiosensitivity in locally advanced/metastatic tumors and thus radiotherapy (RT) potentially might have a changing role in treating this subset of patients, alone or in combination with checkpoint inhibitors. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 76 year-old Italian male patient presenting with locally advanced undifferentiated prostate cancer (LAPC), infiltrating bladder and rectum. Molecular analysis revealed high-MSI with an altered expression of MSH2 and MSH6 at immunohistochemistry. Two months after 6 chemotherapy cycles with Docetaxel associated to an LHRH analogue, a computed tomography scan showed stable disease. After palliative RT (30 Gy/10 fractions) directed to the tumor mass with a 3D-conformal setup, a follow-up computed tomography scan at 8 weeks revealed an impressive response that remained stable at computed tomography after 9 months, with sustained biochemical response. To our knowledge, this is the first case of such a sustained response to low dose RT alone in high-MSI LAPC. CONCLUSIONS: Routine evaluation of MSI in patients with locally problematic advanced tumors might change treatment strategy and treatment aim in this setting, from a purely palliative approach to a quasi-curative paradigm.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Síndromes Neoplásicas Hereditárias , Neoplasias da Próstata , Idoso , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Humanos , Masculino , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia
16.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1116): 20200951, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035077

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of brain metastatic colorectal cancer patients (BMCRC) is poor. Several local treatments have been used, but the optimal treatment choice remains an unresolved issue. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of a large series of BMCRC patients treated in several Italian centers using stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS: 185 BMCRC patients for a total of 262 lesions treated were evaluated. Treatments included surgery followed by post-operative SRS to the resection cavity, and SRS, either single-fraction, then hypofractionated SRS (HSRS). Outcomes was measured in terms of local control (LC), toxicities, brain distant failure (BDF), and overall survival (OS). Prognostic factors influencing survival were assed too. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 33 months (range 3-183 months). Surgery plus SRS have been performed in 28 (10.7%) cases, SRS in 141 (53.8%), and HSRS in 93 (35.5%). 77 (41.6%) patients received systemic therapy. The main total dose and fractionation used were 24 Gy in single fraction or 24 Gy in three daily fractions. Local recurrence occurred in 32 (17.3%) patients. Median, 6 months,1-year-LC were 86 months (95%CI 36-86), 87.2% ± 2.8, 77.8% ± 4.1. Median,6 months,1-year-BDF were 23 months (95%CI 9-44), 66.4% ± 3.9, 55.3% ± 4.5. Median,6 months,1-year-OS were 7 months (95% CI 6-9), 52.7% ± 3.6, 33% ± 3.5. No severe neurological toxicity occurred. Stage at diagnosis, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), presence and number of extracranial metastases, and disease-specific-graded-prognostic-assessment (DS-GPA) score were observed as conditioning survival. CONCLUSION: SRS/HSRS have proven to be an effective local treatment for BMCRC. A careful evaluation of prognostic factors as well as a multidisciplinary evaluation is a valid aid to manage the optimal therapeutic strategy for CTC patients with BMs. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The prognosis of BMCRC is poor. Several local treatments was used, but optimal treatment choice remains undefined. Radiosurgery has proven to be an effective local treatment for BMCRC. A careful evaluation of prognostic factors and a multidisciplinary evaluation needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Radiocirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Oncologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Radiother Oncol ; 149: 89-93, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413527

RESUMO

Italy experienced one of the world's deadliest COVID-19 outbreaks and healthcare systems had to instantly reorganise activity. The Italian Radiation Oncology Departments adapted numerous solutions to minimize the disruptions. Information technologies, treatment prioritization and implementation of hypofractionation and protection procedures allowed balancing between cancer patient care and patient/healthcare workers safety.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Oncologia , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Oncologia/legislação & jurisprudência , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; 20(5): 387-402, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321330

RESUMO

Introduction: Radiotherapy is an important therapeutic strategy in the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In recent decades, technological implementations and the introduction of image guided radiotherapy (IGRT) have significantly increased the accuracy and tolerability of radiation therapy.Area covered: In this review, we provide an overview of technological opportunities and future prospects in NSCLC management.Expert opinion: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is now considered the standard approach in patients ineligible for surgery, while in operable cases, it is still under debate. Additionally, in combination with systemic treatment, SBRT is an innovative option for managing oligometastatic patients and features encouraging initial results in clinical outcomes. To date, in inoperable locally advanced NSCLC, the radical dose prescription has not changed (60 Gy in 30 fractions), despite the median overall survival progressively increasing. These results arise from technological improvements in precisely hitting target treatment volumes and organ at risk sparing, which are associated with better treatment qualities. Finally, for the management of NSCLC, proton and carbon ion therapies and the recent development of MR-Linac are new, intriguing technological approaches under investigation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Doses de Radiação , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Minerva Urol Nefrol ; 72(5): 595-604, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed patients and tumor characteristics, as well as health-related quality of life (HRQoL) items, associated with curative intent treatment decision-making in clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa) patients. METHODS: Clinically localized PCa treated with either radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiation therapy (RT) within 12 months from diagnosis were abstracted from The PROState cancer monitoring in ITaly, from the National Research Council (Pros-IT CNR) database. Multivariable logistic regression (MLR) models predicting RT vs. RP were fitted, after adjustment for HRQoL items, patients and tumor characteristics. RESULTS: Of 1041 patients, 631 (60.2%) were treated with RP and 410 (39.8%) with RT. Relative to RT, RP patients were younger age (mean age 64.5±6.6 vs. 71.4±4.9, P<0.001) and had higher rates of D'Amico low-intermediate risk groups (31.8 vs. 21.9% low, 46.3% vs. 43.5% intermediate and 21.9% vs. 34.6% high risk, P<0.001). Overall, 93.2% of RP patients were enrolled by urologists and 82.7% of RT patients by radiation oncologists. RP patients had generally higher means values of HRQoL items. In MLR models, higher RT rates were independently associated with more advanced age (odds ratio [OR] 6.14, P<0.001) and BMI≥30 kg/m2 (OR 1.78, P<0.001). Conversely, lower rates of RT were independently associated with married (OR 0.55, P=0.01) and worker status (OR 0.52, P=0.004), enrollment in academic centers (OR 0.59, P=0.005) and higher physical composite score (OR 0.88, P=0.03) and baseline sexual function items (OR 0.92, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with clinically localized prostate cancer undergoing definitive treatment at Italian institutions receive RP instead of RT. Moreover, those who are younger, married, working, as well as those with better physical and sexual function are more likely to undergo surgery.


Assuntos
Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Medição de Risco , Sexualidade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(12): 7518-7530, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33447442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymoma is a rare mediastinal neoplasia. Surgery is the backbone of the treatment, but the role of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) remains controversial. We aimed to obtain data on survival and safety in patients treated with PORT in three different Italian institutions. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 183 consecutive patients who underwent surgery from 1981 to 2015. According to the Masaoka-Koga staging system, 39.3%, 32.7%, 18.6% and 9.8% patients were in stage I, II, III and IV of disease, respectively. PORT was indicated in 114 patients (62.3%), while 69 subjects underwent surgery alone. Complete resection was obtained in 68 patients who underwent PORT. Adverse events (AEs) were graded according to CTCAE v4.0. We analyzed the recent literature to describe the current reports on PORT for resected thymoma. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 130 months (range, 3-417 months). Overall survival (OS) at 1-, 5- and 10-year from surgery was 98.3%, 90.2% and 69.7% respectively. One-, 5- and 10-year disease specific survival (DSS) was 98.9%, 92.3% and 89.8% respectively. Disease free survival (DFS) at 1, 5 and 10 years from surgery was 96.7%, 88.3% and 82.8% respectively. Univariate analysis showed that complete resection, cell histology A-AB-B1 and stages I-II were significant predictors of better DSS and DFS. Multivariate analysis showed that sex, R0 margins and WHO histology was independent prognostic factors. Among patients treated with PORT, a trend towards better OS was evident with Masaoka stage I-II (P=0.09). Patients with R0 margins treated with PORT showed better OS and DSS (P=0.05). No differences in DSS for performance status (P=0.70), WHO histology (P=0.19), paraneoplastic syndrome (P=0.23) and surgical procedure (P=0.53) were evident. Patients treated with PORT had a higher level of acute AEs compared to surgery alone, but none of these was graded ≥3. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirmed that patients with incompletely resected thymoma had the worst OS and DSS. High grade acute toxicity was not different between PORT and surgery alone. Other trials reported a significant benefit in OS, DSS and DFS in stage IIb-IV thymoma treated with PORT.

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