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1.
N Engl J Med ; 385(5): 395-405, 2021 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, the most effective duration for adjuvant therapy with an aromatase inhibitor remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy to receive the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for an additional 2 years (2-year group, receiving a total of 7 years) or an additional 5 years (5-year group, receiving a total of 10 years). The primary end point was disease-free survival. The primary analysis included all the patients who were still participating in the trial and who had no recurrence 2 years after randomization (i.e., when treatment in the 2-year group had ended). Secondary end points were overall survival, contralateral breast cancer, second primary cancer, and clinical bone fracture. RESULTS: Among the 3484 women who were enrolled in the trial, 3208 remained in the trial without disease progression after the first 2 years of extended anastrozole treatment following randomization. Among these women, disease progression or death occurred in 335 women in each treatment group in the primary-analysis set at 8 years (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.15; P = 0.90). No between-group differences occurred in most secondary end points, and subgroup analyses did not indicate differences in any particular subgroup. The risk of clinical bone fracture was higher in the 5-year group than in the 2-year group (hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.84). CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy, extending hormone therapy by 5 years provided no benefit over a 2-year extension but was associated with a greater risk of bone fracture. (Funded by AstraZeneca and the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group; ABCSG-16/SALSA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00295620.).


Assuntos
Anastrozol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anastrozol/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Estrogênio , Receptores de Progesterona , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
2.
Wien Med Wochenschr ; 160(19-20): 506-12, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20972709

RESUMO

Trastuzumab has shown significant efficacy in HER2-overexpressing breast cancers and is approved for patients whose tumors carry this abnormality, both in the metastatic and in the adjuvant settings. However, several issues about its optimal use remain unresolved. Many breast cancer patients with HER2 overexpression do not respond to initial therapy with trastuzumab (Herceptin(®)), and a vast majority of these develop resistance to this monoclonal antibody within one year. This review discusses the molecular mechanisms leading to the development of trastuzumab resistance, including circulating HER2 extracellular domain, loss of PTEN, activation of alternative pathways (e.g. IGFR), and receptor-antibody interaction block. Additionally, the possibility of exploring these aberrations as therapeutic targets that potentially overcome resistance to trastuzumab is highlighted.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Divisão Celular/genética , Feminino , Gefitinibe , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Lapatinib , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Prognóstico , Quinazolinas/administração & dosagem , Quinazolinas/efeitos adversos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Trastuzumab
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