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1.
Lancet ; 394(10215): 2173-2183, 2019 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relevance of blood lipid concentrations to long-term incidence of cardiovascular disease and the relevance of lipid-lowering therapy for cardiovascular disease outcomes is unclear. We investigated the cardiovascular disease risk associated with the full spectrum of bloodstream non-HDL cholesterol concentrations. We also created an easy-to-use tool to estimate the long-term probabilities for a cardiovascular disease event associated with non-HDL cholesterol and modelled its risk reduction by lipid-lowering treatment. METHODS: In this risk-evaluation and risk-modelling study, we used Multinational Cardiovascular Risk Consortium data from 19 countries across Europe, Australia, and North America. Individuals without prevalent cardiovascular disease at baseline and with robust available data on cardiovascular disease outcomes were included. The primary composite endpoint of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease was defined as the occurrence of the coronary heart disease event or ischaemic stroke. Sex-specific multivariable analyses were computed using non-HDL cholesterol categories according to the European guideline thresholds, adjusted for age, sex, cohort, and classical modifiable cardiovascular risk factors. In a derivation and validation design, we created a tool to estimate the probabilities of a cardiovascular disease event by the age of 75 years, dependent on age, sex, and risk factors, and the associated modelled risk reduction, assuming a 50% reduction of non-HDL cholesterol. FINDINGS: Of the 524 444 individuals in the 44 cohorts in the Consortium database, we identified 398 846 individuals belonging to 38 cohorts (184 055 [48·7%] women; median age 51·0 years [IQR 40·7-59·7]). 199 415 individuals were included in the derivation cohort (91 786 [48·4%] women) and 199 431 (92 269 [49·1%] women) in the validation cohort. During a maximum follow-up of 43·6 years (median 13·5 years, IQR 7·0-20·1), 54 542 cardiovascular endpoints occurred. Incidence curve analyses showed progressively higher 30-year cardiovascular disease event-rates for increasing non-HDL cholesterol categories (from 7·7% for non-HDL cholesterol <2·6 mmol/L to 33·7% for ≥5·7 mmol/L in women and from 12·8% to 43·6% in men; p<0·0001). Multivariable adjusted Cox models with non-HDL cholesterol lower than 2·6 mmol/L as reference showed an increase in the association between non-HDL cholesterol concentration and cardiovascular disease for both sexes (from hazard ratio 1·1, 95% CI 1·0-1·3 for non-HDL cholesterol 2·6 to <3·7 mmol/L to 1·9, 1·6-2·2 for ≥5·7 mmol/L in women and from 1·1, 1·0-1·3 to 2·3, 2·0-2·5 in men). The derived tool allowed the estimation of cardiovascular disease event probabilities specific for non-HDL cholesterol with high comparability between the derivation and validation cohorts as reflected by smooth calibration curves analyses and a root mean square error lower than 1% for the estimated probabilities of cardiovascular disease. A 50% reduction of non-HDL cholesterol concentrations was associated with reduced risk of a cardiovascular disease event by the age of 75 years, and this risk reduction was greater the earlier cholesterol concentrations were reduced. INTERPRETATION: Non-HDL cholesterol concentrations in blood are strongly associated with long-term risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We provide a simple tool for individual long-term risk assessment and the potential benefit of early lipid-lowering intervention. These data could be useful for physician-patient communication about primary prevention strategies. FUNDING: EU Framework Programme, UK Medical Research Council, and German Centre for Cardiovascular Research.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
2.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319885458, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Modifiable lifestyle risk factors (modRF) of coronary artery disease (CAD) are associated with increased inflammation represented by elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Lifestyle changes may influence the inflammatory burden in patients with CAD, relevantly modifying the target population for emerging anti-inflammatory compounds. AIMS: The aims of this study were to analyse the association of modRF and CRP levels in CAD patients, and to define a potential target population for anti-inflammatory treatment with and without the optimisation of modRF. METHODS: We included all patients with angiographically documented CAD from the observational cohort study INTERCATH. Patients with recent myocardial infarction, malignancy, infectious disease, and pre-existing immunosuppressive medication including a history of solid organ transplantation were excluded. Overweight (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2), smoking, lack of physical activity (PA; <1.5 h/week), and poor diet (≤12 points of an established Mediterranean diet score (MDS), range 0-28 points) were considered as modRF. CRP was measured by a high-sensitivity assay (hsCRP) at baseline. We performed multivariable linear regressions with log-transformed hsCRP as the dependent variable. Based on these associations, we calculated potential hsCRP levels for each patient, assuming optimisation of the individual modRF. RESULTS: Of 1014 patients, 737 (73%) were male, the mean age was 69 years, and 483 (48%) had an hsCRP ≥ 2 mg/l. ModRF were significantly overrepresented in patients with hsCRP ≥ 2 mg/l compared to patients with an hsCRP < 2 mg/l (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2: 76% vs 61%; PA < 1.5 h/week: 69% vs 57%; MDS ≤ 12: 46% vs 37%; smoking: 61% vs 54%; p < 0.05 for all). hsCRP increased with the incremental number of modRF present (median hsCRP values for N = 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 modRF: 1.1, 1.0, 1.6, 2.4, 2.8 mg/l, p < 0.001). Multivariable linear regression adjusting for age, sex, intake of lipid-lowering medication, and diabetes mellitus revealed independent associations between log-transformed hsCRP and all modRF (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2: exp(ß) = 1.55, p < 0.001; PA < 1.5 h/week: exp(ß) = 1.33, p < 0.001; MDS ≤ 12: exp(ß) = 1.18, p = 0.018; smoking: exp(ß) = 1.18, p = 0.019). Individual recalculation of hsCRP levels assuming optimisation of modRF identified 183 out of 483 (38%) patients with hsCRP ≥ 2 mg/l who could achieve an hsCRP < 2 mg/l via lifestyle changes. CONCLUSION: modRF are strongly and independently associated with CRP levels in patients with CAD. A relevant portion of CAD patients with high inflammatory burden could achieve an hsCRP < 2 mg/l by lifestyle changes alone. This should be considered both in view of the cost and side-effects of pharmacological anti-inflammatory treatment and for the design of future clinical trials in this field.

3.
Jpn J Radiol ; 37(9): 642-650, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301000

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of renal denervation (RDN) on left ventricular (LV) mass, myocardial strain and diastolic function in patients with treatment-resistant arterial hypertension by cardiac magnet resonance imaging on a 12-month follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients (38% female) were examined before and 12 months after RDN. LV morphology and strain were analyzed. Diastolic function was determined by early (EPFR) and atrial peak filling rates (APFR) derived from differential volume-time-curve analysis. Clinical visits included 24-h ambulant blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). RESULTS: Twelve months after RDN LV mass decreased from 80 ± 21 g/m2 to 74 ± 20 g/m2 (P < 0.05). Global radial (35 ± 12% vs. 41 ± 10%, P < 0.05) and longitudinal strain improved (- 15 ± 4% vs. - 17 ± 3%, P < 0.05). Global circumferential strain (- 16 ± 5% vs. - 18 ± 4%, P = 0.12) remained unchanged. The parameter of diastolic LV function PFRR (EPFR/APFR) improved following RDN (0.9 ± 0.4 vs. 1.1 ± 0.5, P < 0.05). Individual changes of LV mass were associated with an increase of EPFR (r = - 0.54, P < 0.05) and a reduction of APFR by trend (r = 0.45, P = 0.08). Systolic ABPM showed a decrease by trend (152 mmHg vs. 148 mmHg, P = 0.08). CONCLUSIONS: After RDN we observed a reduction of LV mass, improvement of global strain and diastolic function.


Assuntos
Coração/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Rim/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Simpatectomia/métodos , Diástole , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Rim/inervação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Atherosclerosis ; 275: 256-261, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Guidelines recommend a healthy diet as a cornerstone of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. Although the Mediterranean diet (MD) is the best studied dietary pattern for CV outcomes, data on association between MD and severity of CAD are limited. Therefore, we analysed dietary data in association with the SYNTAX score in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients from the INTERCATH study. METHODS: The INTERCATH study is an observational study in patients undergoing coronary angiography at the University Heart Center Hamburg. Coronary morphology is assessed by the SYNTAX score. A lifestyle questionnaire collects dietary data with food frequency questions at baseline. Based on seven dietary characteristics, we calculated an established Mediterranean diet score (MDS) with a range of 0-28 points at which 28 points reflect maximal adherence to MD. To investigate the association of MD with severity of CAD, we performed logistic regression analysis after adjustment for confounding factors. RESULTS: Of 1121 patients, 27% were women. The median age was 70.7 years (interquartile range (IQR) 61.1,77.0). CV risk factors were distributed as expected for a CAD cohort (31.3% diabetes, 81.1% arterial hypertension, 34.0% smoking, median BMI 26.6 kg/m2 (IQR 24.1, 30.3), median LDL-C 87 mg/dL (IQR 65.0,116,6). Of all variables included, the strongest correlation with MDS was found for log (hs-CRP) (r = -0.21, p < 0.001). Adherence to MD represented by a higher MDS was significantly associated with a reduced probability for a medium/high risk SYNTAX score of ≥23 with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.923 per point increase of MDS (95% confidence interval 0.869-0.979; p = 0.0079). This association remained significant after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors (OR 0.934, 95% CI 0.877-0.995, p = 0.035). After further adjustment for log (hs-CRP), the association remained no longer significant (OR 0.955 (0.893-1.022, p = 0.19). CONCLUSIONS: In this contemporary data set, we found an independent association of adherence to MD with a less complex CAD. Hs-CRP correlated significantly with adherence to MD and may be a marker of the vasoprotective effects of MD. These results strengthen the evidence for the protective effect of an MD pattern in CVD prevention.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Dieta Mediterrânea , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação do Paciente , Fatores de Proteção , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Clin Ther ; 39(11): 2311-2320.e2, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29103665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although the efficacy of lipid-lowering medication (LLM) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is well established, the majority of patients fail to achieve their LDL-C goals. The evidence for measurement of LDL-C to achieve these goals is limited. The goal of the present study, therefore, was to analyze ambulatory LLM management in relation to performance of LDL-C measurements and achieved LDL-C levels after the initial diagnosis of CAD. METHODS: The study followed up a subcohort of 200 patients with newly diagnosed CAD of the INTERCATH trial, an observational study including patients undergoing coronary angiography. In addition to baseline information, data were collected on LLM, performance of lipid measurements, and laboratory results at a minimum of 6 months' postdischarge. FINDINGS: The mean age of the sample was 67.9 years, and 36.0% were women. In 34.5% of all patients, no measurement of LDL-C levels was performed during follow-up. We found no differences in baseline characteristics between patients with and without LDL-C measurements during follow-up. In patients with measurement of LDL-C levels, the frequency of intensification of statin medication according to LDL-C reduction was higher compared with those patients without LDL-C measurement (23.6% vs 4.3%; P < 0.001); all other categories of intensity adjustment were comparable. In patients with 3 LDL-C measurements, achieved LDL-C levels were significantly lower (mean, 81 mg/dL), and a higher proportion reached an LDL-C level <70 mg/dL (44.7%) compared with patients with 1 (95 mg/dL [P = 0.013]; 21.8%) or 2 (91 mg/dL [P = 0.037]; 28.9%) LDL-C measurements despite comparable LDL-C levels at baseline. Ezetimibe was used in 3.5% of the entire study cohort. IMPLICATIONS: We found no differences in patient characteristics between patients with and without LDL-C measurements after being newly diagnosed with CAD. Performance and frequency of LDL-C measurements were clearly associated with better, higher frequency of intensification of statin medication, lower achieved LDL-C levels, and a higher proportion of patients achieving the LDL-C goal of <70 mg/dL. These results suggest an important role of LDL-C measurements for secondary prevention after the initial diagnosis of CAD.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos/sangue , Idoso , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Ezetimiba/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevenção Secundária/métodos
6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 4: 57, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28979897

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) has a complex etiology involving numerous environmental and genetic factors of disease risk. To date, the genetic 9p21 locus represents the most robust genetic finding for prevalent and incident CAD. However, limited information is available on the genetic background of the severity and distribution of CAD. CAD manifests itself as stable CAD or acute coronary syndrome. The Gensini score quantifies the extent CAD but requires coronary angiography. Here, we aimed to identify novel genetic variants associated with Gensini score severity and distribution of CAD. A two-stage approach including a discovery and a replication stage was used to assess genetic variants. In the discovery phase, a meta-analysis of genome-wide association data of 4,930 CAD-subjects assessed by the Gensini score was performed. Selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were replicated in 2,283 CAD-subjects by de novo genotyping. We identified genetic loci located on chromosome 2 and 9 to be associated with Gensini score severity and distribution of CAD in the discovery stage. Although the loci on chromosome 2 could not be replicated in the second stage, the known CAD-locus on chromosome 9p21, represented by rs133349, was identified and, thus, was confirmed as risk locus for CAD severity.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 38(32): 2490-2498, 2017 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28449027

RESUMO

Aims: As promising compounds to lower Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) are emerging, the need for a precise characterization and comparability of the Lp(a)-associated cardiovascular risk is increasing. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the distribution of Lp(a) concentrations across the European population, to characterize the association with cardiovascular outcomes and to provide high comparability of the Lp(a)-associated cardiovascular risk by use of centrally determined Lp(a) concentrations. Methods and results: Based on the Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Europe (BiomarCaRE)-project, we analysed data of 56 804 participants from 7 prospective population-based cohorts across Europe with a maximum follow-up of 24 years. All Lp(a) measurements were performed in the central BiomarCaRE laboratory (Biokit Quantia Lp(a)-Test; Abbott Diagnostics). The three endpoints considered were incident major coronary events (MCE), incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, and total mortality. We found lower Lp(a) levels in Northern European cohorts (median 4.9 mg/dL) compared to central (median 7.9 mg/dL) and Southern European cohorts (10.9 mg/dL) (Jonckheere-Terpstra test P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier curves showed the highest event rate of MCE and CVD events for Lp(a) levels ≥90th percentile (log-rank test: P < 0.001 for MCE and CVD). Cox regression models adjusted for age, sex, and cardiovascular risk factors revealed a significant association of Lp(a) levels with MCE and CVD with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.30 for MCE [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15‒1.46] and of 1.25 for CVD (95% CI 1.12‒1.39) for Lp(a) levels in the 67‒89th percentile and a HR of 1.49 for MCE (95% CI 1.29‒1.73) and of 1.44 for CVD (95% CI 1.25‒1.65) for Lp(a) levels ≥ 90th percentile vs. Lp(a) levels in the lowest third (P < 0.001 for all). There was no significant association between Lp(a) levels and total mortality. Subgroup analysis for a continuous version of cube root transformed Lp(a) identified the highest Lp(a)-associated risk in individuals with diabetes [HR for MCE 1.31 (95% CI 1.15‒1.50)] and for CVD 1.22 (95% CI 1.08‒1.38) compared to those without diabetes [HR for MCE 1.15 (95% CI 1.08‒1.21; HR for CVD 1.13 (1.07-1.19)] while no difference of the Lp(a)- associated risk were seen for other cardiovascular high risk states. The addition of Lp(a) levels to a prognostic model for MCE and CVD revealed only a marginal but significant C-index discrimination measure increase (0.001 for MCE and CVD; P < 0.05) and net reclassification improvement (0.010 for MCE and 0.011 for CVD). Conclusion: In this large dataset on harmonized Lp(a) determination, we observed regional differences within the European population. Elevated Lp(a) was robustly associated with an increased risk for MCE and CVD in particular among individuals with diabetes. These results may lead to better identification of target populations who might benefit from future Lp(a)-lowering therapies.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Lipoproteína(a)/fisiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lipoproteína(a)/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco
8.
Circ Res ; 120(1): 120-132, 2017 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27799254

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Phosphodiesterase 2 is a dual substrate esterase, which has the unique property to be stimulated by cGMP, but primarily hydrolyzes cAMP. Myocardial phosphodiesterase 2 is upregulated in human heart failure, but its role in the heart is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of phosphodiesterase 2 in cardiac function, propensity to arrhythmia, and myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pharmacological inhibition of phosphodiesterase 2 (BAY 60-7550, BAY) led to a significant positive chronotropic effect on top of maximal ß-adrenoceptor activation in healthy mice. Under pathological conditions induced by chronic catecholamine infusions, BAY reversed both the attenuated ß-adrenoceptor-mediated inotropy and chronotropy. Conversely, ECG telemetry in heart-specific phosphodiesterase 2-transgenic (TG) mice showed a marked reduction in resting and in maximal heart rate, whereas cardiac output was completely preserved because of greater cardiac contraction. This well-tolerated phenotype persisted in elderly TG with no indications of cardiac pathology or premature death. During arrhythmia provocation induced by catecholamine injections, TG animals were resistant to triggered ventricular arrhythmias. Accordingly, Ca2+-spark analysis in isolated TG cardiomyocytes revealed remarkably reduced Ca2+ leakage and lower basal phosphorylation levels of Ca2+-cycling proteins including ryanodine receptor type 2. Moreover, TG demonstrated improved cardiac function after myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: Endogenous phosphodiesterase 2 contributes to heart rate regulation. Greater phosphodiesterase 2 abundance protects against arrhythmias and improves contraction force after severe ischemic insult. Activating myocardial phosphodiesterase 2 may, thus, represent a novel intracellular antiadrenergic therapeutic strategy protecting the heart from arrhythmia and contractile dysfunction.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Cardiotônicos/metabolismo , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/biossíntese , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/induzido quimicamente , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Catecolaminas/toxicidade , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Cães , Feminino , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Contração Miocárdica/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Triazinas/farmacologia
9.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 6(1): 60-68, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26772795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The determination of cardiac troponin is essential for diagnosing myocardial infarction. A troponin I assay has recently been developed that provides the highest analytical sensitivity to date. METHODS: The analysis included 1560 patients with chest pain, of whom 1098 were diagnosed with non-coronary chest pain, 189 with unstable angina pectoris and 273 with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The troponin I concentration was determined on admission (0 hours) and 3 hours later. The diagnostic algorithm incorporated troponin I elevation above the gender-specific 99th percentile as well as predefined relative or absolute 3-hour changes in the troponin I concentration (delta). RESULTS: The diagnostic criterion of troponin I above the 99th percentile resulted in a negative predictive value of 98.0% and 98.2% in men and women, respectively. For rule-in of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, the use of absolute deltas yielded higher positive predictive values and sensitivities compared to relative deltas. With detection rates of about 85% and 82% in men and women, respectively, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was diagnosed with a positive predictive value close to 84% in men and 80% in women. CONCLUSIONS: The investigational troponin I assay provides an excellent non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction rule out. With gender-specific differences, the application of absolute changes in troponin concentration was superior to relative changes to rule in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Troponina I/metabolismo , Idoso , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Caracteres Sexuais
10.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 53(5): 699-706, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25283141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 99th percentile of cardiac troponin levels, determined in a reference population, is accepted as threshold for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, there is no common consensus of how to define the reference population. The aim of the present study was to determine 99th percentile reference values, determined by a high-sensitivity assay (hsTnI), according to different health status and cardiovascular risk factor prevalence in a large population-based sample. METHODS: Troponin I was determined using the Abbott ARCHITECT STAT highly sensitive troponin I immunoassay in 4138 participants of the Gutenberg Health Study. RESULTS: hsTnI was detectable in 81.6% of all individuals. The 99th percentile of the overall population was 27 ng/L. Age and gender had a prominent influence on these values. Exclusion of individuals with elevated natriuretic peptide levels or cardiac abnormalities resulted in lower 99th percentile values, whereas exclusion of individuals with an impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or with prevalent coronary artery disease/myocardial infarction (CAD/MI) did not result in a meaningful change. CONCLUSIONS: Troponin I, measured by a high-sensitivity assay, can be reliably detected in the vast majority of the general population. hsTnI values were dependent on age, gender as well as structural and functional cardiac abnormalities.


Assuntos
Análise Química do Sangue/normas , Limite de Detecção , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Saúde Pública , Troponina I/sangue , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência
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