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J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(2): e008968, 2019 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638108


Background Myocarditis is an important cause of acute and chronic heart failure. Men with myocarditis have worse recovery and an increased need for transplantation compared with women, but the reason for the sex difference remains unclear. Elevated sera soluble (s) ST2 predicts mortality from acute and chronic heart failure, but has not been studied in myocarditis patients. Methods and Results Adults with a diagnosis of clinically suspected myocarditis (n=303, 78% male) were identified according to the 2013 European Society of Cardiology position statement. Sera sST2 levels were examined by ELISA in humans and mice and correlated with heart function according to sex and age. Sera sST2 levels were higher in healthy men ( P=8×10-6) and men with myocarditis ( P=0.004) compared with women. sST2 levels were elevated in patients with myocarditis and New York Heart Association class III - IV heart failure ( P=0.002), predominantly in men ( P=0.0003). Sera sST2 levels were associated with New York Heart Association class in men with myocarditis who were ≤50 years old ( r=0.231, P=0.0006), but not in women ( r=0.172, P=0.57). Sera sST2 levels were also significantly higher in male mice with myocarditis ( P=0.005) where levels were associated with cardiac inflammation. Gonadectomy with hormone replacement showed that testosterone ( P<0.001), but not estradiol ( P=0.32), increased sera sST2 levels in male mice with myocarditis. Conclusions We show in a well-characterized subset of heart failure patients with clinically suspected and biopsy-confirmed myocarditis that elevated sera sST2 is associated with an increased risk of heart failure based on New York Heart Association class in men ≤50 years old.

Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 15: 11-14, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023283


Sialidosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by pathogenic variants in NEU1 which encodes lysosomal sialidase (neuraminidase 1). Lysosomal neuraminidase catalyzes the removal of terminal sialic acid molecules from glycolipids, glycoproteins and oligosaccharides. Sialidosis is classified into two types, based on phenotype and age of onset. Patients with the milder type 1 typically present late, usually in the second or third decade, with myoclonus, ataxia and visual defects. Type 2 is more severe and presents earlier with coarse facial features, developmental delay, hepatosplenomegaly and dysostosis multiplex. Presentation and severity of the disease are related to whether lysosomal sialidase is inactive or there is some residual activity. Diagnosis is suspected based on clinical features and increased urinary bound sialic acid excretion and confirmed by genetic testing showing pathogenic variants in NEU1. We report a patient with type 1 sialidosis who presented mainly with ataxia and both generalized and myoclonic seizures but no visual involvement. Whole exome sequencing of the proband detected compound heterozygous likely pathogenic variants (S182G and G227R) in NEU1.

Biol Sex Differ ; 9(1): 15, 2018 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29669571


Registry data worldwide indicate an overall female predominance for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) of 2-4 over men. Genetic predisposition accounts for only 1-5% of PAH cases, while autoimmune diseases and infections are closely linked to PAH. Idiopathic PAH may include patients with undiagnosed autoimmune diseases based on the relatively high presence of autoantibodies in this group. The two largest PAH registries to date report a sex ratio for autoimmune connective tissue disease-associated PAH of 9:1 female to male, highlighting the need for future studies to analyze subgroup data according to sex. Autoimmune diseases that have been associated with PAH include female-dominant systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, and thyroiditis as well as male-dominant autoimmune diseases like myocarditis which has been linked to HIV-associated PAH. The sex-specific association of PAH to certain infections and autoimmune diseases suggests that sex hormones and inflammation may play an important role in driving the pathogenesis of disease. However, there is a paucity of data on sex differences in inflammation in PAH, and more research is needed to better understand the pathogenesis underlying PAH in men and women. This review uses data on sex differences in PAH and PAH-associated autoimmune diseases from registries to provide insight into the pathogenesis of disease.

Pharmacogenet Genomics ; 27(10): 378-385, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28763429


OBJECTIVES: The major clinical side effect of the ERBB2-targeted breast cancer therapy, trastuzumab, is a decline in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Improved markers are needed to better identify patients susceptible to cardiotoxicity. METHODS: The NCCTG N9831 trial compared adjuvant doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by either weekly paclitaxel (arm A); paclitaxel then trastuzumab (arm B); or concurrent paclitaxel and trastuzumab (arm C) in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. A genome-wide association study was performed on all patients with available DNA (N=1446). We used linear regression to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with decline in LVEF, adjusting for age, baseline LVEF, antihypertensive medications, and the first two principle components. RESULTS: In total, 618 863 SNPs passed quality control and DNA from 1191 patients passed genotyping quality control and were identified as Whites of non-Hispanic origin. SNPs at six loci were associated with a decline in LVEF (P=7.73×10 to 8.93×10), LDB2, BRINP1, chr6 intergenic, RAB22A, TRPC6, and LINC01060, in patients who received chemotherapy plus trastuzumab (arms BC, N=800). None of these loci were significant in patients who received chemotherapy only (arm A, N=391) and did not increase in significance in the combined analysis of all patients. We did not observe association, P<0.05, with SNPs previously associated with trastuzumab-induced cardiotoxicity at ERBB2, I655V, and P1170A. We replicated association, P<0.05, with SNPs previously associated with anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity at CBR3 and ABCB1. CONCLUSION: Our study identified six putative novel cardiotoxicity loci in patients treated with combination chemotherapy and trastuzumab that require further investigation and confirmed known associations of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity.

Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/toxicidade , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Trastuzumab/toxicidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores